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  1. A Review Of: “David H. Smith and Cynthia B. Cohen , A Christian Response to the New Genetics: Religious, Ethical and Social Issues.”: New York, NY: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003. 208 Pp. $24.95, Paperback. [REVIEW]Lisa Cahill - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):78-79.
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  2. Consanguinity, Genetics and Definitions of Kinship in the Uk Pakistani Population.A. H. Bittles & N. A. Small - 2016 - Journal of Biosocial Science 48 (6):844-854.
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  3. Revealing Rate-Limiting Steps in Complex Disease Biology: The Crucial Importance of Studying Rare, Extreme-Phenotype Families.Aravinda Chakravarti & Tychele N. Turner - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (6):578-586.
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  4. Genetics of the Evolutionary Process.Theodosius Dobzhansky - 1970 - Columbia University Press.
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  5. Scientific Discrimination and the Activist Scientist: L. C. Dunn and the Professionalization of Genetics and Human Genetics in the United States.Melinda Gormley - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (1):33-72.
    During the 1920s and 1930s geneticist L. C. Dunn of Columbia University cautioned Americans against endorsing eugenic policies and called attention to eugenicists' less than rigorous practices. Then, from the mid-1940s to early 1950s he attacked scientific racism and Nazi Rassenhygiene by co-authoring Heredity, Race and Society with Theodosius Dobzhansky and collaborating with members of UNESCO on their international campaign against racism. Even though shaking the foundations of scientific discrimination was Dunn's primary concern during the interwar and post-World War II (...)
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  6. History in the Gene: Negotiations Between Molecular and Organismal Anthropology.Marianne Sommer - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):473-528.
    In the advertising discourse of human genetic database projects, of genetic ancestry tracing companies, and in popular books on anthropological genetics, what I refer to as the anthropological gene and genome appear as documents of human history, by far surpassing the written record and oral history in scope and accuracy as archives of our past. How did macromolecules become "documents of human evolutionary history"? Historically, molecular anthropology, a term introduced by Emile Zuckerkandl in 1962 to characterize the study of primate (...)
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  7. R. A. Fisher and His Advocacy of Randomization.Nancy S. Hall - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (2):295-325.
    The requirement of randomization in experimental design was first stated by R. A. Fisher, statistician and geneticist, in 1925 in his book Statistical Methods for Research Workers. Earlier designs were systematic and involved the judgment of the experimenter; this led to possible bias and inaccurate interpretation of the data. Fisher's dictum was that randomization eliminates bias and permits a valid test of significance. Randomization in experimenting had been used by Charles Sanders Peirce in 1885 but the practice was not continued. (...)
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  8. Human Genetics and Politics as Mutually Beneficial Resources: The Case of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics During the Third Reich.Sheila Faith Weiss - 2006 - Journal of the History of Biology 39 (1):41-88.
    This essay analyzes one of Germany's former premier research institutions for biomedical research, the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics (KWIA) as a test case for the way in which politics and human heredity served as resources for each other during the Third Reich. Examining the KWIA from this perspective brings us a step closer to answering the questions at the heart of most recent scholarship concerning the biomedical community under the swastika: (1) How do we explain (...)
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  9. Introduction and Institutionalization of Genetics in Mexico Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar and Francisco J. Ayala.Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar & Francisco J. Ayala - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):273-299.
    We explore the distinctive characteristics of Mexico's society, politics and history that impacted the establishment of genetics in Mexico, as a new disciplinary field that began in the early 20th century and was consolidated and institutionalized in the second half. We identify about three stages in the institutionalization of genetics in Mexico. The first stage can be characterized by Edmundo Taboada, who was the leader of a research program initiated during the Cárdenas government (1934-1940), which was primarily directed towards improving (...)
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  10. Technique, Task Definition, and the Transition From Genetics to Molecular Genetics: Aspects of the Work on Protein Synthesis in the Laboratories of J. Monod and P. Zamecnik.Richard M. Burian - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (3):387-407.
    In biology proteins are uniquely important. They are not to be classed with polysaccharides, for example, which by comparison play a very minor role. Their nearest rivals are the nucleic acids....The main function of proteins is to act as enzymes....In the protein molecule Nature has devised a unique instrument in which an underlying simplicity is used to express great subtlety and versatility; it is impossible to see molecular biology in proper perspective until this peculiar combination of virtues has been clearly (...)
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  11. A Female Contribution to Early Genetics: Tine Tammes and Mendel's Laws for Continuous Characters.Ida H. Stamhuis - 1995 - Journal of the History of Biology 28 (3):495-531.
  12. The Struggle of Genetics for Independence.Raphael Falk - 1995 - Journal of the History of Biology 28 (2):219-246.
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  13. How Unknown Was Mendel's Paper?Alexander Weinstein - 1977 - Journal of the History of Biology 10 (2):341-364.
  14. The Dominance of Traits in Genetic Analysis.Raphael Falk - 1991 - Journal of the History of Biology 24 (3):457-484.
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  15. Hugo de Vries and the Reception of The?Mutation Theory?Garland E. Allen - 1969 - Journal of the History of Biology 2 (1):55-87.
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  16. The Role of Liberty Hyde Bailey and Hugo de Vries in the Rediscovery of Mendelism.Conway Zirkle - 1968 - Journal of the History of Biology 1 (2):205-218.
    The almost simultaneous and overlapping discoveries of Mendel's forgotten work by Hugo de Vries, Carl Correns, and Erik von Tschermak gave rise to an intense rivalry, some jealousy, and more than a little illfeeling. De Vries, the first to announce the discovery, has been subjected to the charge that he wished to conceal his discovery and to obtain for himself the credit for having discovered what we now call Mendelism. This charge involves the statement that de Vries gave credit to (...)
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  17. Francis Galton's Contribution to Genetics.Ruth Schwartz Cowan - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (2):389-412.
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  18. Opposition to the Mendelian-Chromosome Theory: The Physiological and Developmental Genetics of Richard Goldschmidt.Garland E. Allen - 1974 - Journal of the History of Biology 7 (1):49-92.
    We may now ask the question: In what historical perspective should we place the work of Richard Goldschmidt? There is no doubt that in the period 1910–1950 Goldschmidt was an important and prolific figure in the history of biology in general, and of genetics in particular. His textbook on physiological genetics, published in 1938, was an amazing compendium of ideas put forward in the previous half-century about how genes influence physiology and development. His earlier studies on the genetic and geographic (...)
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  19. The Long Neglect of Genetic Discoveries and the Criterion of Prematurity.Bentley Glass - 1974 - Journal of the History of Biology 7 (1):101-110.
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  20. Selling Pure Science in Wartime: The Biochemical Genetics of G. W. Beadle.LilyE Kay - 1989 - Journal of the History of Biology 22 (1):73 - 101.
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  21. Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins.Denis R. Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.) - 2010 - University of Chicago Press.
    Over the course of human history, the sciences, and biology in particular, have often been manipulated to cause immense human suffering. For example, biology has been used to justify eugenic programs, forced sterilization, human experimentation, and death camps—all in an attempt to support notions of racial superiority. By investigating the past, the contributors to _Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins_ hope to better prepare us to discern ideological abuse of science when it occurs in the future. Denis R. Alexander (...)
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  22. Genetics and Criminal Behavior.David Wasserman & Robert Wachbroit (eds.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this 2001 volume a group of leading philosophers address some of the basic conceptual, methodological and ethical issues raised by genetic research into criminal behavior. The essays explore the complexities of tracing any genetic influence on criminal, violent or antisocial behavior; the varieties of interpretations to which evidence of such influences is subject; and the relevance of such influences to the moral and legal appraisal of criminal conduct. The distinctive features of this collection are: first, that it advances public (...)
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  23. Probability in Classical Population Genetics.Peter Gildenhuys - unknown
    The reason why population genetics is a probabilistic theory has attracted considerable attention from philosophers. In what follows, I offer a novel account of what motivates the introduction of probabilities into classical population genetics. Probabilities make the theory easier to apply for researchers given their epistemic limitations and give the theory a recursive structure, thereby making possible inferences about the dynamics of systems over multiple generations. I argue that probabilities in population genetics can be given a credentist interpretation according to (...)
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  24. Ideas About Living Units, 1864-1909: A Chapter in the History of Genetics.L. C. Dunn - 1965 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 8 (3):335-346.
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  25. Philosophy of Race Meets Population Genetics.Quayshawn Spencer - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 52:46-55.
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  26. Explaining Personality: Soul Theory Versus Behavior Genetics.Jean Mercer - 2015 - In Keith Augustine & Michael Martin (eds.), The Myth of an Afterlife: The Case against Life After Death. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 69-81.
    This paper explores the causes of the unique individual patterns of reaction we call personality and compares the view that these are determined by the individual’s soul with the view that biological factors are responsible for personality characteristics. The paper discusses current evidence for genetic influences on temperament, psychopathology, and intelligence and examines complexities such as the influence of environment and epigenetic factors. It concludes that in all likelihood our unique personality traits are determined by biological factors alone, without any (...)
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  27. The Contribution of History and Philosophy to the Problem of Hybrid Views About Genes in Genetics Teaching.Charbel N. El-Hani, Ana Maria R. de Alameida, Gilberto C. Bomfim, Leyla M. Joaquim, João Carlos M. Magalhães, Lia M. N. Meyer, Maiana A. Pitombo & Vanessa C. dos Santos - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 469-520.
    Currently there are persistent doubts about the meaning and contributions of the gene concept, mostly related to its interpretation as a stretch of DNA encoding a single functional product, i.e., the classical molecular gene concept. There is, however, much conceptual variation around genes, leading to important difficulties in genetics teaching. We investigated whether and how conceptual variation related to the gene concept and gene function models is present in school science and what potential problems it may bring to genetics teaching (...)
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  28. A Short History of Genetics: The Development of Some of the Main Lines of Thought, 1864-1939.L. C. Dunn - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (1):158-159.
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  29. Genotype and Mana.K. Verma & Rashmi Saxena - 2002 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 12 (2):64-65.
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  30. Genetics and Human Behaviour the Ethical Context.B. A. Nuffield Council on Bioethics & Hepple - 2002
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  31. The R. A. Fisher-Sewall Wright Controversy in Philosophical Focus: Theory Evaluation in Population Genetics.Robert Alan Skipper - 2000 - Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park
    The dissertation is a critical examination of theory evaluation in population genetics. There are three main philosophical approaches to theory evaluation in philosophy of science: confirmation and hypothesis testing, scientific change, and experimentation. Accounts that champion each of the main philosophical approaches to scientific theory evaluation are represented in philosophy of biology: confirmation and hypothesis testing by Elisabeth A. Lloyd, scientific change by Lindley Darden, and experimentation by David W. Rudge. I argue that each of the main approaches is insufficient (...)
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  32. Ethics When Genotype Under-Determines Clinical Phenotype.Norio Fujiki & Kozo Hashimoto - 1996 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 6 (6):173-173.
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  33. Population Genetics and the Power of Discrimination.Luzitano Brandão Ferreira - 2006 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 16 (1):25-26.
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  34. The Origins of Theoretical Population Genetics.Lancelot Hogben - 1974 - British Journal for the History of Science 7 (2):176-179.
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  35. Arbitrariness and Causation in Classical Population Genetics.Peter Gildenhuys - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (3):429-444.
    I criticize some arguments against the causal interpretability of population genetics put forward by Denis Walsh ([2007], [2010]). In particular, I seek to undermine the contention that population genetics exhibits frame of reference relativity or subjectivity with respect to its formal representations. I also show that classical population genetics does not fall foul of some criteria for causal representation put forward by James Woodward ([2003]), although those criteria do undermine some causalist stances. 1 Introduction2 Modularity3 The Crucially Important Point4 The (...)
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  36. Man — Genetics — Ethics (Social and Ethical Problems of Gene Engineering. Criticism of Neoeugenics).I. T. Frolov - 1976 - Dialectics and Humanism 3 (3-4):121-130.
  37. Fears of Science. Nature and Human Actions.Grzegorz Bugajak - 2011 - In Adam Świeżyński (ed.), Knowledge and Values, Wyd. UKSW, Warszawa. pp. 157–170.
    The paper points to quite a surprising change of the attitude among general public towards science and scientific progress that seems to have happened at the turn of the 20th century, and, to an extent, stays on: from holding scientific enterprise in high esteem to treating scientists and fortune˗tellers on a par, from hopes that science will eventually resolve our problems, both theoretical and practical, to anxiety and fear of what scientific experiments can bring about in nature and human life. (...)
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  38. Theology and Genetic Engineering: New Incarnation of the Old Conflict?Grzegorz Bugajak - 2004 - In Ulf Görman, Willem B. Drees & Hubert Meisinger (eds.), Studies in Science and Theology, vol. 9(2003–2004), Lunds Universitet, Lund. pp. 127–143.
    It is widely acknowledged among science˗and˗theology thinkers – or at least desired – that we have left behind the era of conflict between science and religion. An approach which avoids conflict by pointing out that science and religion employ two different methodologies and therefore occupy two separate magisteria, is, however, unsatisfactory for both – the advocates of a fruitful dialogue between these two realms of human activity as well as the most vigorous opponents of possible conciliation, and the latter still (...)
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  39. Ephrussi, Boris-His Work in Genetics.Jrs Fincham - 1992 - Bioessays 14 (5):347-348.
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  40. The Complexity of the Genotype-Phenotype Relationship and the Limitations of Using Genetic “Markers” at the Individual Level.Alan R. Templeton - 1998 - Science in Context 11 (3-4).
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  41. Book Reviews-the Tangled Field. Barbara McClintock's Search for the Patterns of Genetic Control.Nathaniel C. Comfort & Staffan Mueller Wille - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (2):331-332.
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  42. Human Molecular Genetics By Tom Strachan and Andrew P. Read.I. Rasko - 1997 - Bioessays 19:185-185.
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  43. Major and Minor Groups in Evolution.Peter Gildenhuys - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (1):1-32.
    Kerr and Godfrey-Smith argue that two mathematically equivalent, alternative formal representations drawn from population genetics, the contextualist and collectivist formalisms, may be equally good for quantifying the dynamics of some natural systems, despite important differences between the formalisms. I draw on constraints on causal representation from Woodward (Making things happen, Oxford University Press, New York, 2003) and Eberhardt and Scheines (Philos Sci 74(5):981–995, 2006) to argue that one or the other formalism will be superior for arbitrary natural systems in which (...)
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  44. From DNA to Diversity. Molecular Genetics and the Evolution of Animal Design By Sean B. Carroll, Jennifer K. Grenier and Scott D. Weatherbee. [REVIEW]J. S. Deutsch - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (8):757-758.
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  45. Mendel's Legacy: The Origins of Classical Genetics By Elof Axel Carlson.A. M. Arias - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (7):761.
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  46. Individuals with Sex Chromosomal Aneuploidies: Does the Phenotype Reflect the Genotype?Susan B. Jimenez - 1991 - Nexus 9 (1):9.
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  47. Book Review:Mendel's Legacy: The Origins of Classical Genetics. [REVIEW]Alfonso Martinez Arias - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (7):761-762.
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  48. The 1984 Lynen Lecutre: A New Genesis in Genetics and Medicine. Part I.Philip Leder - 1984 - Bioessays 1 (1):27-29.
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  49. Roots: The Origins of Molecular Genetics: One Gene, One Enzyme.Norman H. Horowitz - 1985 - Bioessays 3 (1):37-39.
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  50. The Mouse Genome at Oxford: What Can Mouse Gene Mapping Do for Mammalian Genetics?S. D. M. Brown - 1989 - Bioessays 11 (6):191-193.
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1 — 50 / 655