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  1. Is forensic science in crisis?Michał Sikorski - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-34.
    The results of forensic science are believed to be reliable, and are widely used in support of verdicts around the world. However, due to the lack of suitable empirical studies, we actually know very little about the reliability of such results. In this paper, I argue that phenomena analogous to the main culprits for the replication crisis in psychology are also present in forensic science. Therefore forensic results are significantly less reliable than is commonly believed. I conclude that in order (...)
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  2. GAMIFICATION IN GENETICS: EFFECTS OF GAMIFIED INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ON THE STEM STUDENTS’ INTRINSIC MOTIVATION.Aaron Funa, Renz Alvin Gabay & Jhonner D. Ricafort - 2021 - Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia 10 (4):462-473.
    Gamification in education offers an innovative way of learning. However, some studies claim that, while it helps raise students’ motivation, the kind of motivation is extrinsic and, so, intrinsic motivation declines with time. The researchers used the descriptive research design to describe the STEM students’ intrinsic motivation along with the utilization of game elements in teaching genetics through a learning management system. The researchers collected quantitative data using the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory, which were analyzed through descriptive statistics and complemented with (...)
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  3. Research on Group Differences in Intelligence: A Defense of Free Inquiry.Nathan Cofnas - 2020 - Philosophical Psychology 33 (1):125-147.
    In a very short time, it is likely that we will identify many of the genetic variants underlying individual differences in intelligence. We should be prepared for the possibility that these variants are not distributed identically among all geographic populations, and that this explains some of the phenotypic differences in measured intelligence among groups. However, some philosophers and scientists believe that we should refrain from conducting research that might demonstrate the (partly) genetic origin of group differences in IQ. Many scholars (...)
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  4. Towards a Biological Explanation of Sin in Walter M. Miller, Jr.'s “A Canticle for Leibowitz”.Christopher Ketcham - 2020 - Journal of Science Fiction and Philosophy 3:1-25.
    Walter M. Miller, Jr.’s 1959 novel A Canticle for Leibowitz is on one level a theological reflection on the human propensity to sin. Not coincidentally, the story is located in an Albertinian abbey in the former American southwest six hundred years after a nuclear holocaust, recounting three separate historical periods over the following twelve hundred years: a dark age, a scientific renaissance, and finally a time of technological achievement where a second nuclear holocaust is imminent. Miller asks the question of (...)
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  5. Divine Dna? “Secular” and “Religious” Representations of Science in Nonfiction Science Television Programs.Will Mason-Wilkes - 2020 - Zygon 55 (1):6-26.
  6. What Kind of Novelties Can Machine Learning Possibly Generate? The Case of Genomics.Emanuele Ratti - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 83:86-96.
    Machine learning (ML) has been praised as a tool that can advance science and knowledge in radical ways. However, it is not clear exactly how radical are the novelties that ML generates. In this article, I argue that this question can only be answered contextually, because outputs generated by ML have to be evaluated on the basis of the theory of the science to which ML is applied. In particular, I analyze the problem of novelty of ML outputs in the (...)
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  7. のレビュー"「ハードワイヤードですか?) (Are We Hardwired?) by Clark and Grunstein (2000)(2019年改訂レビュー).Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - In 地獄へようこそ 赤ちゃん、気候変動、ビットコイン、カルテル、中国、民主主義、多様性、ディスジェニックス、平等、ハッカー、人権、イスラム教、自由主義、繁栄、ウェブ、カオス、飢餓、病気、暴力、人工知能、戦争. Las Vegas, NV , USA: Reality Press. pp. 82-84.
    これは、行動に関する遺伝子/環境相互作用の優れたレビューであり、少し日付が付いているにもかかわらず、簡単で価値のある読み取りです。彼らは遺伝学が行動に与える圧倒的な影響を示す双子の研究から始まります。 彼らは、家庭環境を共有することは行動にほとんど影響を及ぼさないという事実を拡張し要約し、養子が無作為に選ばれた人々と同じくらい義理の兄弟や姉妹と同じように成長するという事実を拡張し、要約するジュディス ・ハリスのますますよく知られた研究に注意してください。彼ら(そして行動遺伝学について議論するほぼすべての人)が注意できない基本的なポイントの1つは、私たちの性格のすべての基本を含む人間の行動普遍的な何 百人(あなたの視点に応じて数千人)が、正常にばらつきのない私たちの遺伝子によって100%決定されるということです。誰もが木を木として見て、石ではなく、食べ物を求めて食べ、怒りと嫉妬などを求めます。だか ら、彼らがここで主に話しているのは、環境(文化)が外見ではなく、様々な形質が示される程度にどれだけ影響を与えるかです。 最後に、彼らは、私たちとすべての生物が自然の優生学の産物であり、医学、農業、文明全体で自然選択を打ち負かそうとする試みは、これを続ける社会にとって悲惨なことに注意せず、通常の政治的に正しい方法で優生学 について議論しています。すべての概念の50%、または約1億/年は、母親が気づかずに、ほぼすべての早期自然流産に終わる。この欠陥遺伝子の自然なカリングは進化を促進し、私たちを比較的遺伝的に健全に保ち、社 会を可能にします。異性原性は文明を破壊するのに十分であるが、人口過剰は最初にそれをdする。 現代の2つのシス・エムスの見解から人間の行動のための包括的な最新の枠組みを望む人は、私の著書「ルートヴィヒ・ヴィトゲンシュタインとジョン・サールの2ndnd edの哲学、心理学、ミンと言語の論理的構造」を参照することができます。私の著作の多く興味がある人は、運命の惑星に関する「話す猿--哲学、心理学、科学、宗教、政治」を見ることができます - 記事とレビュー2006-2017' 3rded (2019) その他。 .
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  8. Across the Great Divide: Pluralism and the Hunt for Missing Heritability.Lucas J. Matthews & Eric Turkheimer - 2019 - Synthese 198 (3):2297-2311.
    Genetic explanation of complex human behavior presents an excellent test case for pluralism. Although philosophers agree that successful scientific investigation of behavior is pluralistic, there remains disagreement regarding integration and elimination—is the plurality of approaches here to stay, or merely a waystation on the road to monism? In this paper we introduce an issue taken very seriously by scientists yet mostly ignored by philosophers—the missing heritability problem—and assess its implications for disagreement among pluralists. We argue that the missing heritability problem, (...)
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  9. Revisão de ‘Estamos Hardwired?’ (Are We Hardwired?’) por Clark & Grunstein Oxford (2000).Michael Richard Starks - 2019 - In Delírios Utópicos Suicidas no Século XXI Filosofia, Natureza Humana e o Colapso da Civilization- Artigos e Comentários 2006-2019 5ª edição. Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press. pp. 87-90.
    Esta é uma revisão excelente de interações do gene/ambiente no comportamento e, apesar de ser um bocado datado, é uma leitura fácil e de valor. Eles começam com estudos gêmeos que mostram o impacto esmagador da genética sobre o comportamento. Eles observam os estudos cada vez mais conhecidos de Judith Harris que estendem e resumem os fatos que o ambiente doméstico compartilhado quase não tem efeito sobre o comportamento e que as crianças adotadas crescem para ser tão diferente de seus (...)
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  10. Racial Realism I: Are Biological Races Real?Quayshawn Spencer - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (1):e12467.
    In this article, I discuss and critique how metaphysicians of race have conceived of and defended racial realism according to how biologists use “race”. I start by defining “racial realism” in the broadest accepted way in the metaphysics of race. Next, I summarize a representative sample of recent attempts from metaphysicians of race and biologists to defend racial realism and the main criticisms against each attempt. I discuss how metaphysicians of race have defended racial realism according to how ordinary people (...)
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  11. The Aims and Structures of Research Projects That Use Gene Regulatory Information with Evolutionary Genetic Models.Steve Elliott - 2017 - Dissertation, Arizona State University
    At the interface of developmental biology and evolutionary biology, the very criteria of scientific knowledge are up for grabs. A central issue is the status of evolutionary genetics models, which some argue cannot coherently be used with complex gene regulatory network (GRN) models to explain the same evolutionary phenomena. Despite those claims, many researchers use evolutionary genetics models jointly with GRN models to study evolutionary phenomena. This dissertation compares two recent research projects in which researchers jointly use the two kinds (...)
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  12. Forensic Science: Current State and Perspective by a Group of Early Career Researchers.Marie Morelato, Mark Barash, Lucas Blanes, Scott Chadwick, Jessirie Dilag, Unnikrishnan Kuzhiumparambil, Katie D. Nizio, Xanthe Spindler & Sebastien Moret - 2017 - Foundations of Science 22 (4):799-825.
    Forensic science and its influence on policing and the criminal justice system have increased since the beginning of the twentieth century. While the philosophies of the forensic science pioneers remain the pillar of modern practice, rapid advances in technology and the underpinning sciences have seen an explosion in the number of disciplines and tools. Consequently, the way in which we exploit and interpret the remnant of criminal activity are adapting to this changing environment. In order to best exploit the trace, (...)
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  13. What Is Race? UNESCO, Mass Communication and Human Genetics in the Early 1950s.Jenny Bangham - 2015 - History of the Human Sciences 28 (5):80-107.
    What Is Race? Evidence from Scientists is a picture book for schoolchildren published by UNESCO as part of its high-profile campaign on race. The 87-page, oblong, soft-cover booklet contains bold, semi-abstract, pared-down images accompanied by text, devised to make scientific concepts ‘more easily intelligible to the layman’. Produced by UNESCO’s Department of Mass Communication, the picture book represents the organization’s early-postwar confidence in the power of scientific knowledge as a social remedy and diplomatic tool. In keeping with a significant component (...)
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  14. Thinking About Populations and Races in Time.Roberta L. Millstein - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 52:5-11.
    Biologists and philosophers have offered differing concepts of biological race. That is, they have offered different candidates for what a biological correlate of race might be; for example, races might be subspecies, clades, lineages, ecotypes, or genetic clusters. One thing that is striking about each of these proposals is that they all depend on a concept of population. Indeed, some authors have explicitly characterized races in terms of populations. However, including the concept of population into concepts of race raises three (...)
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  15. Homology Across Inheritance Systems.Russell Powell & Nicholas Shea - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (6):781-806.
    Recent work on inheritance systems can be divided into inclusive conceptions, according to which genetic and non-genetic inheritance are both involved in the development and transmission of nearly all animal behavioral traits, and more demanding conceptions of what it takes for non-genetic resources involved in development to qualify as a distinct inheritance system. It might be thought that, if a more stringent conception is adopted, homologies could not subsist across two distinct inheritance systems. Indeed, it is commonly assumed that homology (...)
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  16. Genetics, Epigenetics, Paragenetics: Getting Closer to Life.Bhakti Madhava Puri - 2014 - The Harmonizer.
    Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) was the first to explain that certain 'traits' were inherited in plants from one generation to the next. These would later become known as genes. Frederich Miescher in 1869 analyzed a substance from the nucleus of cells, which he therefore called nuclein. Further study of nuclein revealed that it contained elements like hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorous, with a specific ratio of nitrogen to phosphorous. Then in 1878 Albrecht Kossel determined that nuclein contained nucleic acid, from which (...)
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  17. THE HYBRIDIZATION WORK OF MENDEL, 102 YEARS AFTER STARTING THE CONTROVERSY.Rafael María Román-Bravo, Rogelio Garcidueñas-Piña, Ruy Ortiz-Rodríguez, Atilio Miguel Atencio-León, Luis Fabian Yáñez-Cuéllar & Jose Atilio Aranguren-Méndez - 2014 - Revista Cientifica, FCV-LUZ 24 (1):38-46.
    This research was carried out in order to verify by simulation Mendel’s laws and seek for the clarification, from the author’s point of view, the Mendel-Fisher controversy. It was demonstrated from: the experimental procedure and the first two steps of the Hardy-Weinberg law, that the null hypothesis in such experiments is absolutely and undeniably true. Consequently, repeating hybridizing experiments as those showed by Mendel, it makes sense to expect a highly coincidence between the observed and the expected cell frequencies. By (...)
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  18. A Cultural History Of Heredity. [REVIEW]Peter Bowler - 2013 - Isis 104:412-412.
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  19. The Science of Human Perfection: How Genes Became the Heart of American Medicine. [REVIEW]Stephen Pemberton - 2013 - Isis 104 (3):644-645.
  20. Inheritance Systems.Ehud Lamm - 2012 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2012 Edition).
    Organisms inherit various kinds of developmental information and cues from their parents. The study of inheritance systems is aimed at identifying and classifying the various mechanisms and processes of heredity, the types of hereditary information that is passed on by each, the functional interaction between the different systems, and the evolutionary consequences of these properties. We present the discussion of inheritance systems in the context of several debates. First, between proponents of monism about heredity (gene-centric views), holism about heredity (Developmental (...)
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  21. Letter to the Editor.Staffan Mueller-Wille - 2011 - Isis 102:343-343.
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  22. The Emergence of Genetic Rationality: Space, Time, and Information in American Biological Science, 1870–1920. [REVIEW]Garland Allen - 2010 - Isis 101:244-246.
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  23. Review Of: Julian Huxley, Evolution: The Modern Synthesis – The Definitive Edition. [REVIEW]Ehud Lamm - 2010 - Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science.
    The review focuses on Huxley’s debt to Richard Goldschmidt and Cyril Darlington. I discuss the conceptions of the genome developed by Goldschmidt and Darlington and their continuing relevance.
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  24. Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting. [REVIEW]Bruno Strasser - 2010 - Isis 101:260-261.
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  25. Historical and Philosophical Perspectives on Behavioral Genetics and Developmental Science.James G. Tabery & Paul E. Griffiths - 2010 - In Kathryn Hood, Halpern E., Greenberg Carolyn Tucker, Lerner Gary & M. Richard (eds.), Handbook of Developmental Science, Behavior and Genetics. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 41--60.
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  26. Generating Thoughts on Genetics. [REVIEW]Paul Griffiths - 2008 - Metascience 17 (2):273-275.
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  27. The Poetics of DNA. [REVIEW]Rena Selya - 2008 - Isis 99:605-606.
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  28. Moments of Truth in Genetic Medicine. [REVIEW]Soraya de Chadarevian - 2007 - Isis 98:213-214.
  29. Galton's Blinding Glasses. Modern Statistics Hiding Causal Structure in Early Theories of Inheritance.Bert Leuridan - 2007 - In Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality and Probability in the Sciences. pp. 243--262.
    ABSTRACT. Probability and statistics play an important role in contemporary -philosophy of causality. They are viewed as glasses through which we can see or detect causal relations. However, they may sometimes act as blinding glasses, as I will argue in this paper. In the 19th century, Francis Galton tried to statistically analyze hereditary phenomena. Although he was a far better statistician than Gregor Mendel, his biological theory turned out to be less fruitful. This was no sheer accident. His knowledge of (...)
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  30. Reconceiving the Gene: Seymour Benzer’s Adventures in Phage Genetics. [REVIEW]Jane Maienschein - 2007 - Isis 98:212-213.
  31. Francis Galton: Pioneer of Heredity and Biometry. [REVIEW]Vassiliki Smocovitis - 2007 - Isis 98:398-399.
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  32. A Semiotic Analysis of the Genetic Information.Charbel El-Hani, Joao Queiroz & Claus Emmeche - 2006 - Semiotica - Journal of the International Association for Semiotic Studies / Revue de l'Association Internationale de Sémiotique 1 (4):1-68.
    Terms loaded with informational connotations are often employed to refer to genes and their dynamics. Indeed, genes are usually perceived by biologists as basically ‘the carriers of hereditary information.’ Nevertheless, a number of researchers consider such talk as inadequate and ‘just metaphorical,’ thus expressing a skepticism about the use of the term ‘information’ and its derivatives in biology as a natural science. First, because the meaning of that term in biology is not as precise as it is, for instance, in (...)
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  33. A Genetic And Cultural Odyssey: The Life And Work Of L. Luca Cavalli‐Sforza. [REVIEW]Jonathan Marks - 2006 - Isis 97:387-387.
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  34. International Science Between the World Wars: The Case of Genetics. [REVIEW]Paolo Palladino - 2006 - Isis 97:574-575.
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  35. Making Genes, Making Waves: A Social Activist in Science. [REVIEW]Sahotra Sarkar - 2005 - Isis 96:141-141.
  36. Mendelian Genetics and Postgenomics: The Legacy for Today.Garland Allen - 2004 - Ludus Vitalis 12:213-236.
  37. The Funding of Scientific Racism: Wickliffe Draper and the Pioneer Fund; Intelligence, Race, and Genetics: Conversations with Arthur Jensen. [REVIEW]Garland Allen - 2004 - Isis 95:159-161.
  38. From Genesis to Genetics: The Case of Evolution and Creationism. [REVIEW]William Kimler - 2004 - Isis 95:337-338.
  39. The Meanings of the Gene: Public Debates About Human Heredity. [REVIEW]Victor Mcelheny - 2004 - Isis 95:167-168.
  40. Genes: A Philosophical Inquiry. [REVIEW]Karola Stotz - 2004 - Isis 95:172-173.
  41. Evolution of Sameness and Difference: Perspectives on the Human Genome Project. [REVIEW]Phillip Sloan - 2003 - Isis 94:413-414.
  42. Perspectives on Genetics: Anecdotal, Historical, and Critical Commentaries, 1987–1998. [REVIEW]Tomoko Steen - 2003 - Isis 94:414-415.
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  43. Dickens and Heredity: When Like Begets Like. [REVIEW]J. E. Cosnett - 2002 - Isis 93 (1):136-137.
    The opening chapter of this work is a comprehensive “Historical Overview of the Hereditary Puzzle.” Goldie Morgentaler's analysis of theories of heredity before Mendel will interest students of biological science. She admits that “resurrecting such theories without contamination from subsequent knowledge often requires an imaginative leap.” Very true. There have been such profound advances in the science of genetics since that time, with the avalanche of discoveries during the past half century, that much of the previous thought now falls in (...)
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  44. The Tangled Field: Barbara McClintock’s Search for the Patterns of Genetic Control. [REVIEW]L. Kass - 2002 - Isis 93:729-730.
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  45. Women in the Early History of Genetics: William Bateson and the Newnham College Mendelians, 1900-1910.Marsha Richmond - 2001 - Isis 92:55-90.
  46. Ichuanxue Yu Baijia Zhengming: 1956 Qingdao Zuotanhui Yanjiu (Genetics and the "Let a Hundred Schools Contend" [Policy]: A Study of the Consequences of the 1956 Qingdao Genetics Symposium. [REVIEW]Laurence Schneider - 2000 - Isis 91:624-625.
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  47. Clearing a Path Through the Jungle: Progress in Arabidopsis Genomics.Michael Bevan, Ian Bancroft, Hans-Werner Mewes, Rob Martienssen & Richard McCombie - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (2):110-120.
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  48. Correcting the Blueprint of Life: An Historical Account of the Discovery of DNA Repair Mechanisms by Errol C. Friedberg. [REVIEW]Alberto Cambrosio - 1999 - Isis 90:844-845.
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  49. Francis Crick and James Watson and the Building Blocks of Life by Edward Edelson. [REVIEW]Ulf Lagerkvist - 1999 - Isis 90:393-394.
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  50. Frankenstein's Footsteps: Science, Genetics, and Popular Culture by Jon Turney. [REVIEW]Susan Lederer - 1999 - Isis 90:375-376.
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