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Leibniz: Metaphysics
  1. The Role of Plurality in Leibniz's Argument From Unity.Adam Harmer - 2020 - Res Philosophica 97 (3):437-457.
    I argue that Leibniz’s well-known Argument from Unity is equally an argument from plurality. I detail two main claims about plurality that drive the argument, and I provide evidence that they structure Leibniz’s argument from the late 1670s onwards. First, there is what I call Mereological Nihilism (i.e., the claim that a plurality cannot be made into a true unity by any available means). Second, there is what I call the Plurality Thesis (i.e., the claim that matter is a plurality (...)
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  2. On Some Leibnizian Arguments for the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Stephen Harrop - forthcoming - History of Philosophy Quarterly.
    Leibniz often refers to the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) as something like a first principle. In some texts, however, he attempts to give positive arguments in its favor. I examine two such arguments, and find them wanting. The first argument has two defects. First, it is question-begging; and second, when the question-begging step is excised, the principle one can in fact derive is highly counter-intuitive. The second argument is valid, but has the defect of only reaching a nearly trivial (...)
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  3. Leibniz on the Problem of Evil, by P. Rateau.Kristen Irwin - 2019 - The Leibniz Review 29:161-165.
  4. (English Translation of) “Contexte Génétique Et Première Réception de la Monadologie. Leibniz, Wolff Et la Doctrine de L’Harmonie Préétablie,”.Antonio Lamarra, Catherine Fullarton & Ursula Goldenbaum - 2019 - The Leibniz Review 29:185-199.
    The many equivocations that, in several respects, characterised the reception of Leibniz's Principes de la Nature et de la Grâce and Monadologie, up until the last century, find their origins in the genetic circumstances of their manuscripts, which gave rise to misinformation published in an anonymous review that appeared in the Leipzig Acta eruditorum in 1721. Archival research demonstrates that the author of this review, as well as of the Latin review of the Monadologie, which appeared, the same year, in (...)
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  5. Organisme et corps organique de Leibniz à Kant, by F. Duchesneau.Matteo Favaretti Camposampiero - 2019 - The Leibniz Review 29:107-119.
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  6. A Reply to M. F. Camposampiero.François Duchesneau - 2019 - The Leibniz Review 29:121-128.
  7. Response to C. Noble.Ohad Nachtomy - 2019 - The Leibniz Review 29:157-159.
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  8. Living Mirrors: Infinity, Unity, and Life in Leibniz's Philosophy, by O. Nachtomy.Christopher P. Noble - 2019 - The Leibniz Review 29:141-155.
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  9. Comments on “Leibniz on Internal Action and Why Mills Can't Think”.Paul Rateau - 2019 - The Leibniz Review 29:41-48.
  10. Leibniz on Internal Action and Why Mills Can't Think.Marleen Rozemond - 2019 - The Leibniz Review 29:13-40.
  11. Principle of Sufficient Reason.Fatema Amijee - 2020 - In Michael J. Raven (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Metaphysical Grounding. New York: Routledge. pp. 63-75.
    According to the Principle of Sufficient Reason (henceforth ‘PSR’), everything has an explanation or sufficient reason. This paper addresses three questions. First, how continuous is the contemporary notion of grounding with the notion of sufficient reason endorsed by Spinoza, Leibniz, and other rationalists? In particular, does a PSR formulated in terms of ground retain the intuitive pull and power of the PSR endorsed by the rationalists? Second, to what extent can the PSR avoid the formidable traditional objections levelled against it (...)
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  12. Samuel Clarke.Timothy Yenter - 2020 - In Dana Jalobeanu & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.), Encyclopedia of Early Modern Philosophy and the Sciences.
    Samuel Clarke (1675–1729) profoundly shaped early eighteenth-century European philosophy with an a priori demonstration of the existence of God and influential defenses of substance dualism and human freedom. Throughout his works, he defended absolute space, the passivity of matter, and constant divine activity in the world, which jointly provided a metaphysical basis for the quickly popularizing Newtonian thought.
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  13. The Labyrinth of the Continuum.Massimo Mugnai - 2003 - The Leibniz Review 13:155-165.
  14. Création continuelle, concours divin et théodicée dans le débat Bayle-Jaquelot-Leibniz.Jean-Luc Solere - 2015 - In Chr. Leduc, P. Rateau and J.-L. Solère, eds., Leibniz et Bayle: Confrontation et Dialogue. Hanover, Germany: pp. 395-424.
  15. Monads, Composition, and Force: Ariadnean Threads Through Leibniz’s Labyrinth, by Richard Arthur. [REVIEW]Julia Jorati - 2020 - Mind 129 (514):664-673.
    Monads, Composition, and Force: Ariadnean Threads through Leibniz’s Labyrinth, by ArthurRichard. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. ix + 329.
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  16. The Logic of Leibniz’s Borrowed Reality Argument.Stephen Puryear - 2020 - Philosophical Quarterly 70 (279):350-370.
    Leibniz argues that there must be a fundamental level of simple substances because composites borrow their reality from their constituents and not all reality can be borrowed. I contend that the underlying logic of this ‘borrowed reality argument’ has been misunderstood, particularly the rationale for the key premise that not all reality can be borrowed. Contrary to what has been suggested, the rationale turns neither on the alleged viciousness of an unending regress of reality borrowers nor on the Principle of (...)
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  17. Newton and Leibniz.Julia Jorati - 2020 - Encyclopedia of Early Modern Philosophy and the Sciences.
    It is easy to get the impression that Newton and Leibniz do not see eye to eye on anything. Yet, as is so often the case, a closer look reveals that matters are much more complicated. Despite their disagreements, the two are frequently on the same side of central scientific and philosophical debates. This entry discusses some of the main agreements and disagreements between Newton and Leibniz, starting with their methodologies and then turning to their views on space, motion, and (...)
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  18. Somethings and Nothings: Śrīgupta and Leibniz on Being and Unity.Allison Aitken & Jeffrey K. McDonough - forthcoming - Philosophy East and West.
    This paper argues that Śrīgupta and Leibniz accept similar metaphysical principles concerning unity, aggregates, and being. It then shows how from those shared principles, Śrīgupta and Leibniz arrive at similar conclusions concerning the reality of ordinary bodies and radically different conclusions about fundamental ontology.
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  19. Leibniz on Spontaneity, The Eduction of Substantial Forms, and Creaturely Interaction: A Tension.Davis Kuykendall - 2019 - Studia Neoaristotelica 16 (2):229-274.
    Leibniz argued that (i) substantial forms only begin to exist via Divine creation; (ii) created substances cannot transeuntly cause accidents in distinct substances; and yet (iii) created substances immanently produce their accidents. Some of Leibniz’s support for (i) came from his endorsement of a widely-made argument against the eduction of substantial forms. However, in defense of eduction, Suárez argued that if creatures cannot produce substantial forms, they also cannot produce accidents, threatening the consistency of (i) and (iii). In this paper, (...)
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  20. Leibniz's Lost Argument Against Causal Interaction.Tobias Flattery - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 7.
    Leibniz accepts causal independence, the claim that no created substance can causally interact with any other. And Leibniz needs causal independence to be true, since his well-known pre-established harmony is premised upon it. So, what is Leibniz’s argument for causal independence? Sometimes he claims that causal interaction between substances is superfluous. Sometimes he claims that it would require the transfer of accidents, and that this is impossible. But when Leibniz finds himself under sustained pressure to defend causal independence, those are (...)
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  21. "Si Omnia Possibilia Existerent..." Why Leibniz Denies That All Possibles Can Exist.Sebastian Bender - 2016 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 33 (3):215-236.
    Leibniz denies Spinoza’s claim that all possible things actually exist. He also denies necessitarianism, Spinoza’s claim that all truths are necessary truths. Both denials seem plausible. What is surprising, however, is Leibniz’s view that the first claim entails the second, i.e., that the existence of all possible things implies necessitarianism. Why think this? Couldn’t it be that, as a matter of contingent fact, all possible things actually exist? There seems to be no incoherency in claiming both that all possible things (...)
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  22. Leibniz’ Metaphysik der Modalität. [REVIEW]Jan Levin Propach - 2018 - Theologie Und Philosophie 93:269-272.
  23. Monads, Composition, and Force. Ariadnean Threads Through Leibniz's Labyrinth by Richard T. W. Arthur. [REVIEW]Stephen Puryear - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (4):761-762.
    Leibniz describes the problem of the composition of the continuum as one of the two famous labyrinths of the human mind. The problem is in brief that matter and motion appear to be continuous and thus would seem to be composed of an infinity of spatial or temporal points, which is absurd. Leibniz's strategy for escaping from this labyrinth involves distinguishing the realm of the real or actual from that of the ideal. In the former there is composition from parts (...)
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  24. Leibniz on the Divine Preformation of Souls and Bodies.Christopher P. Noble - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (2):327-342.
  25. Leibniz's Legacy and Impact.Julia Weckend & Lloyd Strickland (eds.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    This volume tells the story of the legacy and impact of the great German polymath Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716). Leibniz made significant contributions to many areas, including philosophy, mathematics, political and social theory, theology, and various sciences. The essays in this volume explores the effects of Leibniz’s profound insights on subsequent generations of thinkers by tracing the ways in which his ideas have been defended and developed in the three centuries since his death. Each of the 11 essays is concerned (...)
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  26. Leibniz on Primitive Concepts and Conceiving Reality.Peter Myrdal & Arto Repo - 2016 - In Hemmo Laiho & Arto Repo (eds.), DE NATURA RERUM - Scripta in honorem professoris Olli Koistinen sexagesimum annum complentis. Turku: University of Turku. pp. 148-166.
  27. Leibniz's Formal Theory of Contingency.Jeffrey McDonough & Zeynep Soysal - 2018 - Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 21:17-43.
    This essay argues that, with his much-maligned “infinite analysis” theory of contingency, Leibniz is onto something deep and important – a tangle of issues that wouldn’t be sorted out properly for centuries to come, and then only by some of the greatest minds of the twentieth century. The first two sections place Leibniz’s theory in its proper historical context and draw a distinction between Leibniz’s logical and meta-logical discoveries. The third section argues that Leibniz’s logical insights initially make his “infinite (...)
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  28. El tiempo y su analogía con la noción de espacio en la filosofía de G. W. Leibniz.Leandro Ruiz-Gómez - 2017 - Pensamiento 73 (276):463-482.
    Leibniz, como muchos de sus contemporáneos, establece algunas conexiones conceptuales entre la noción de espacio y la noción de tiempo. Al ser el concepto de tiempo mucho menos explorado por Leibniz que el concepto del espacio, esta analogía nos puede abrir algunos caminos de interpretación valiosos. Sin embargo, es importante hacer un análisis detallado sobre los límites de la analogía y las notas características que se pueden extrapolar entre estos dos términos, pues no existe entre ellos un paralelismo estricto. El (...)
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  29. De mónadas y sustantividades o Leibniz y Zubiri.Diego Gracia - 2015 - Pensamiento 71 (266):369-387.
    Los autores resultan tanto más difíciles de entender cuanto más originales son sus planteamientos. El contexto de lectura de las obras de un innovador no puede ser otro que el previo a la innovación, aquel en que se acuñaron los términos que por necesidad él tendrá que utilizar, bien que dotándoles de nuevo sentido. Lo normal es que este nuevo sentido pase inadvertido para el lector, que tenderá a interpretar esos términos en su sentido tradicional. Esto es por demás evidente (...)
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  30. Creación, nada y participación en Leibniz.Agustín Echevarría - 2013 - Pensamiento 69 (261):897-918.
    El presente artículo analiza el concepto leibniziano de «creación de la nada» desde una doble perspectiva. Por un lado, se expone el modelo esencialista de la creación, entendida como traslado de esencias desde el plano de la mera posibilidad al plano de la existencia, y las dificultades que este planteamiento supone, al devaluar la causalidad divina. Por otro, se expone el modelo «participacionista», según el cual toda la perfección de la criatura se encuentra en actual y radical dependencia de las (...)
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  31. Leibniz y el método de la metafísica: El debate con de volder acerca de la definición de sustancia.Rodolfo E. Fazio - 2016 - Dissertatio 43 (S3):298-329.
    En nuestro trabajo estudiamos el debate entre Leibniz y De Volder acerca de la naturaleza de la sustancia. En particular, argumentamos que a pesar de no encontrarse en la correspondencia un argumento a priori a favor de la definición de sustancia como fuerza primitiva activa, Leibniz presenta una justificación de la misma en otros términos. En primer lugar, analizamos la prueba a priori a favor de las fuerzas vivas y criticamos su validez para la metafísica. En segundo lugar, examinamos la (...)
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  32. Leibniz E Os Animais.Ulysses Pinheiro - 2016 - Dissertatio 43 (S3):172-204.
    A continuidade e a ruptura entre homens e animais apontam para um impasse interno da filosofia de Leibniz. Por um lado, ele deve poder dar conta da emergência do que é propriamente humano a partir da animalidade obedecendo ao Princípio de Continuidade ; por outro lado, a racionalidade introduz uma diferença qualitativa que não parece poder ser redutível a uma mera distinção de graus. Sem procurar eliminar essa tensão conceitual, o artigo trata de entender suas consequências para o projeto filosófico (...)
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  33. Leibniz, Molyneux E as Causas Finais: Uma Ocasião de Disputa Perdida.Emanuele Tredanaro - 2016 - Dissertatio 43 (S3):263-297.
    Neste trabalho, nos propomos percorrer algumas etapas do debate sobre a relevância das causas finais nas investigações físicas, que levou Leibniz a confrontar sua filosofia, de modo particular, com o cartesianismo e, mais em geral, com uma concepção estritamente mecanicista da natureza. Serão seguidos aqueles indícios que se encontram na obra de Leibniz, ao procurar pelas referências a Molyneux, um dos primeiros a receber e divulgar a perspectiva leibniziana, e, além disso, um dos poucos interlocutores com os quais se instaurou (...)
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  34. G. W. Leibniz y el surgimiento de la perspectiva.Laura E. Herrera Castillo - 2016 - Dissertatio 43 (S3):109-149.
    La técnica artística de la perspectiva es el lugar del nacimiento de una idea cuyo potencial trascendió la esfera del arte: el punto de vista. En efecto, la idea de la construcción del plano visual a partir de un punto de vista determinado ocasiona la transformación del estatuto del objeto en el plano representativo, donde pasa de tener el carácter de la presencia o presentación, al de la construcción o re-presentación. No en vano la época cultural donde se produce el (...)
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  35. El perspectivismo en los nuevos ensayos sobre el entendimiento humano de Leibniz.Manuel Sánchez Rodríguez - 2016 - Dissertatio 43 (S3):86-108.
    En este artículo se analiza la concepción perspectivista del conocimiento, tal como es expuesta por Leibniz en los Nuevos Ensayos, como uno de los aspectos que marca la originalidad de este pensador en la Ilustración racionalista. Se defenderá que esta concepción se sustenta en dos tesis. En primer lugar, Leibniz sostiene que todo conocimiento humano es esencialmente perspectivista, pero esto no impide sostener, contra el escepticismo, que en cada caso las diferentes perspectivas ofrecen un conocimiento diverso de un mismo mundo. (...)
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  36. The Metaphysics of Leibniz’s New System.Julia Borcherding - forthcoming - In Paul Lodge & Lloyd Strickland (eds.), Leibniz’s Key Philosophical Writings: A Guide. Oxford, UK:
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  37. Cause and Effect in Leibniz’s Brevis Demonstratio.Laurynas Adomaitis - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):120-134.
    Leibniz’s argument against Descartes’s conservation principle in the Brevis demonstratio (1686) has traditionally been read as passing from the premise that motive force must be conserved to the conclusion that motive force is not identical to quantity of motion and, finally, that quantity of motion is not conserved. In a lesser-known draft of the same year, Christiaan Huygens claimed that Descartes had in fact never held the view that Leibniz was attacking. Huygens is right as far as the traditional reading (...)
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  38. Notice of Christia Mercer, Leibniz’s Metaphysics: Its Origin and Development. [REVIEW]Daniel Garber - 2000 - The Leibniz Review 10:149-150.
    Christia Mercer’s magnum opus, Leibniz’s Metaphysics: Its Origin and Development, long awaited, is finally about to appear from Cambridge University Press. It was well worth the wait. The book is impressive in the wealth of detailed argumentation and historical background that fills the work. Mercer’s general thesis is still that Leibniz’s mature thought emerges from a view that Leibniz shares with his teachers, an eclectic philosophy that sees truth lurking in many places, and that he sees the task of the (...)
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  39. G. W. Leibniz: De Summa Rerum: Metaphysical Papers, 1675-6. [REVIEW]Richard Arthur - 1993 - The Leibniz Review 3:14-16.
    Despite his fame as a philosopher, Leibniz was a diplomat by profession, and seldom managed to engage in sustained philosophical activity for any length of time. One exception to this, though, is the period towards the end of his stay in Paris and a little afterwards, when he launched a concerted attack on most of the profoundest problems in metaphysics, tackling them with a penetration and persistence that is remarkable by any standards. The resulting series of “meditations”, to use his (...)
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  40. The Philosophy of Leibniz: Metaphysics & Language. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Tlumak - 1992 - The Leibniz Review 2:12-17.
    Mates’ book has already been widely read and justly praised. It is full of clear, interesting arguments on most of the topics which engage contemporary readers of Leibniz, expertly and extensively marshalls texts, and includes a short but unusually good biography and outline of Leibniz’s system. Since I write here for an unusually well-informed and well-motivate audience, I allow myself compressed formulations of controversial arguments, antecedently acknowledging need for elaboration. I focus on a cluster of interconnected, central concerns: the nature (...)
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  41. Leibniz’s Mirror Thesis. Solipsism, Private Perspectives and Conceptual Holism.Antonio Nunziante - 2017 - Facta Universitatis 16 (3):185-199.
    One of the symbolic images to which Leibniz constantly entrusted the synthesis of his philosophy regards the idea of considering one and the same city from various visual perspectives. Such an image is diffused throughout all Leibniz’s writings and clearly reflects the philosopher’s interest for matters regarding perspective as well as optical phenomena. The point of view of its inhabitants can therefore be compared to a mirror that reflects some different portions of reality. But what do the city-viewers really see? (...)
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  42. The Lingua Franca of Nominalism: Sellars on Leibniz.Antonio Nunziante - 2018 - In Luca Corti & Antonio Nunziante (eds.), Sellars and the History of Modern Philosophy. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 36-58.
    Leibniz can be counted among the remote, but still significant, sources of Sellars's philosophy. Such thesis, however, is meaningless unless its conceptual relevance is displayed. Therefore, it will be immediately added that Sellars's relation with Leibniz is focused on three main fundamental issues, which respectively concern (1) the concept of nature, (2) the concept of truth and (3) the concept itself of nominalism. Besides, there are other seemingly minor topics, which actually refers to the definition of abstract entities, of predicates, (...)
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  43. Self and Substance in Leibniz.Marc Elliott Bobro - 2004 - Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.
    "We are omniscient but confused," says Leibniz. He also says that we live in the best of all possible worlds, yet do not causally interact. So what are we? Leibniz is known for many things, including the ideality of space and time, calculus, plans for a universal language, theodicy, and ecumenism. But he is not known for his ideas on the self and personal identity. This book shows that Leibniz offers an original, internally coherent theory of personal identity, a theory (...)
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  44. On the Non-Idealist Leibniz.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2018 - The Leibniz Review 28:97-101.
    This is a reply to Samuel Levey's fine review of my Monads, Composition and Force (Oxford UP, 2018) in the same issue of the Leibniz Review. In it I take up various difficulties raised by Levey that may be thought to collapse Leibniz's position into idealism after all, and attempt to provide convincing responses to them.
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  45. The Hegelian Roots of Russell's Critique of Leibniz.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2018 - The Leibniz Review 28:9-42.
    At the turn of the century Bertrand Russell advocated an absolutist theory of space and time, and scornfully rejected Leibniz’s relational theory in his Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz. But by the time of the second edition, he had proposed highly influential relational theories of space and time that had much in common with Leibniz’s own views. Ironically, he never acknowledges this. In trying to get to the bottom of this enigma, I looked further at contemporary texts by (...)
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  46. Monads, Composition, and Force: Ariadnean Threads Through Leibniz’s Labyrinth.Samuel Levey - 2018 - The Leibniz Review 28:83-95.
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  47. Organism and Harmony.Tamar Levanon - 2018 - The Leibniz Review 28:67-79.
    This paper examines the role that Leibniz’s philosophy played in the debate between the Idealists and their opponents at the turn of the twentieth century. While it is Russell’s The Philosophy of Leibniz which is most frequently referred to in this context, this paper focuses on John Dewey’s Leibniz’s New Essays which was written twelve years earlier, during the Hegelian phase of Dewey’s career. It is important to shift our attention to Dewey’s commentary not only because it has been almost (...)
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  48. Leibniz on Place.Jen Nguyen - 2018 - The Leibniz Review 28:43-66.
    Although scholars have given much attention to Leibniz’s view of space, they have given far less attention to his view of place. This neglect is regrettable because Leibniz holds that place is more fundamental than space. What is more, I argue that Leibniz’s view of place is novel, strange and yet, appealing. To have a Leibnizian place is to have a point of view. And nothing more. Because this reading is likely to sound counterintuitive, the first half of the paper (...)
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  49. Spinoza’s Parrot, Socinian Syllogisms, and Leibniz’s Metaphysics: Leibniz’s Three Strategies of Defending Christian Mysteries.Ursula Goldenbaum - 2002 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (4):551-574.
    This paper intends to show the connection between the theological, logical and epistemological ideas in Leibniz’s thinking. The paper will focus on the reasons for Leibniz’s fundamental decision to defend the Christian mysteries and his three different strategies for doing so. Each of these strategies is an answer to a particular challenge: to the Socinian who claims that the mysteries are contradictory; to the mechanical philosophy which denies the possibility of the mysteries, and to Spinoza’s parrot argument which demands that (...)
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