Edited by Benjamin Davies (Oxford University)
|Summary||There are several complementary issues involved in Health Care Justice. Distributive justice is primarily concerned with access to health care, but also with the distribution of other social goods that contribute to health. This can also encompass the scope of health care: what should be included in a public health care provision? Health care justice also encompasses the role of rights in health care; this includes questions of how medical professionals should interact with patients, but also the rights of the medical professionals themselves, patient families, and broader groups such as the general public. This will also include the application of distinctive questions of justice (e.g racial justice; disability-related justice; gender justice, etc.) to health, including considerations of discrimination within health care, the effect of discrimination in other areas on people's health and access to care, as well as past and present unjust uses and refusals of health care. In general questions of health care justice may emerge within a particular society, at a particular time. But they can also include issues of international and global justice, justice between generations, and the scope of justice (e.g. whether non-human animals have claims on the basis of justice). The term may also relate to the role of legal justice in health care. For instance, we might wonder at what point, and for what kinds of misconduct, criminal law should be applied to cases of misconduct by medical professionals, or whether medics' central role in society should impact their employment rights, such as the right to strike action. There are also questions about the relationship of health justice to justice in other areas. It is now widely recognised that health is affected not only by 'health care', but also - and probably more - by other social goods. Is there any reason, therefore, for a distinctive theory of 'health care justice', where we aim for equality of health care provision regardless of what happens elsewhere? Or should health care just be seen as one sector across which justice applies, with gains or losses in health fully commensurable with gains and losses in other areas of life?|
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David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Darrell P. Rowbottom
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