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  1. Ethical Challenges in Refugee Health: A Global Public Health Concern.Eliana Aaron - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (3).
    Medications of choice, necessary supplies, and evidence-based health care now seem like luxuries. The contrast between my experience at a well-funded health unit and the Lev El Lev (“heart to heart”) African Refugee Clinic in Tel Aviv, Israel, is staggering. The complex personal, social, health, psychological, educational, and economic difficulties create a unique ethical environment for the health care provider.
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  2. Teaching Residents to Consider Costs in Medical Decision Making.Elmer D. Abbo & Angelo E. Volandes - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):33 – 34.
  3. Disclosure of Terminal Illness to Patients and Families: Diversity of Governing Codes in 14 Islamic Countries.H. E. Abdulhameed, M. M. Hammami & E. A. Hameed Mohamed - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (8):472-475.
    Background The consistency of codes governing disclosure of terminal illness to patients and families in Islamic countries has not been studied until now. Objectives To review available codes on disclosure of terminal illness in Islamic countries. Data source and extraction Data were extracted through searches on Google and PubMed. Codes related to disclosure of terminal illness to patients or families were abstracted, and then classified independently by the three authors. Data synthesis Codes for 14 Islamic countries were located. Five codes (...)
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  4. Between Hype and Hope: What is Really at Stake with Personalized Medicine?Camille Abettan - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (3):423-430.
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  5. Seeking Connections, Creating Movement: The Power of Altruistic Action. [REVIEW]Tineke A. Abma & Vivianne Baur - 2012 - Health Care Analysis (4):1-19.
    Participation of older people in designing and improving the care and services provided in residential care settings is limited. Traditional forms of democratic representation, such as client councils, and consumer models are management-driven. An alternative way of involving older people in the decisions over their lives, grounded in notions of care ethics and deliberative democracy, was explored by action research. In line with this tradition older people engage in collective action to enhance the control over their lives and those of (...)
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  6. Fat Stigma and Public Health: A Theoretical Framework and Ethical Analysis.Desiree Abu-Odeh - 2014 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (3):247-265.
    This paper proposes a theoretical framework for understanding fat stigma and its impact on people’s well-being. It argues that stigma should never be used as a tool to achieve public health ends. Drawing on Bruce Link and Jo Phelan’s 2001 conceptualization of stigma as well as the works of Hilde Lindemann, Paul Benson, and Margaret Urban Walker on identity, positionality, and agency, this paper clarifies the mechanisms by which stigmatizing, oppressive conceptions of overweight and obesity damage identities and diminish moral (...)
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  7. No Distinction Between Male and Female Circumcision.S. A. Abu-Sahlieh - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (5):311-311.
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  8. Why U.S. Health Care Reform Is So Difficult.W. Andrew Achenbaum - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (5):23-24.
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  9. The Significance of a Wish.Felicia Ackerman - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (4):27-29.
  10. Why Doctors Should Intervene.Terrence F. Ackerman - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (4):14-17.
  11. Mr Kennedy and Consumerism.D. E. Ackroyd - 1981 - Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (4):180-181.
    I welcome Mr Kennedy's general approach, but query whether the concept of consumerism is so closely applicable to medical care as he maintains. However, in particular aspects, especially the handling of complaints, his criticisms echo those made by the Patients Association. Finally, I detect some ground for hope in the more enlightened attitude creeping in to the eduction of the medical student.
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  12. Attitudes of the Lebanese Public Regarding Disclosure of Serious Illness.S. M. Adib & G. N. Hamadeh - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (5):399-403.
    OBJECTIVES: To measure the preference regarding disclosure of a serious diagnosis, and its determinants, of the Lebanese public. DESIGN AND SETTING: Non-random sample survey of 400 persons interviewed in health care facilities in Beirut in 1995. RESULTS: Forty-two per cent of respondents generally preferred truth not to be disclosed directly to patients. Preference for disclosure was associated with younger age, better education and tendency to rapport-building with physicians. There were no meaningful associations between place of residence (urban/rural), level of religious (...)
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  13. The New Politics of Medicine. [REVIEW]C. Agathangelou - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (4):422-423.
  14. The Issue of Expertise in Clinical Ethics.George J. Agich - 2009 - Diametros 22:3-20.
    The proliferation of ethics committees and ethics consultation services has engendered a discussion of the issue of the expertise of those who provide clinical ethics consultation services. In this paper, I discuss two aspects of this issue: the cognitive dimension or content knowledge that the clinical ethics consultant should possess and the practical dimension or set of dispositions, skills, and traits that are necessary for effective ethics consultation. I argue that the failure to differentiate and fully explicate these dimensions contributes (...)
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  15. Conflicts of Interest and Management in Managed Care.George J. Agich & Heidi Forster - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (2):189-204.
    The bioethics literature on managed care has devoted significant attention to a broad range of conflicts that managed care is perceived to have introduced into the practice of medicine. In the first part of this paper we discuss three kinds of conflict of interest: conflicts of economic incentives, conflicts with patient and physician autonomy, and conflicts with the fiduciary character of the physician–patient relationship. We argue that the conflicts are either not as serious as they are often alleged to be (...)
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  16. Caring for the Elderly and Malta's National Health Scheme.Emmanuel Agius - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (4):7-8.
  17. The Emerging Stowaway: Patients' Rights in the 1980s.George J. Annas - 1982 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 10 (1):32-35.
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  18. How to Make the Massachusetts Patients'Bill of Rights Work.George J. Annas - 1980 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 8 (1):6-8.
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  19. Gina, Genism, and Civil Rights.George J. Annas, Patricia Roche & Robert C. Green - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (7):ii-iv.
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  20. Adjudicating Rights or Analyzing Interests: Ethicists' Role in the Debate Over Conscience in Clinical Practice.Armand H. Matheny Antommaria - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (3):201-212.
    The analysis of a dispute can focus on either interests, rights, or power. Commentators often frame the conflict over conscience in clinical practice as a dispute between a patient’s right to legally available medical treatment and a clinician’s right to refuse to provide interventions the clinician finds morally objectionable. Multiple sources of unresolvable moral disagreement make resolution in these terms unlikely. One should instead focus on the parties’ interests and the different ways in which the health care delivery system can (...)
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  21. The Rights of Children to Health Care.J. Appleyard - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (5):293-294.
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  22. Borrowed Beauty? Understanding Identity in Asian Facial Cosmetic Surgery.Yves Saint James Aquino & Norbert Steinkamp - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (3):431-441.
    This review aims to identify (1) sources of knowledge and (2) important themes of the ethical debate related to surgical alteration of facial features in East Asians. This article integrates narrative and systematic review methods. In March 2014, we searched databases including PubMed, Philosopher’s Index, Web of Science, Sociological Abstracts, and Communication Abstracts using key terms “cosmetic surgery,” “ethnic*,” “ethics,” “Asia*,” and “Western*.” The study included all types of papers written in English that discuss the debate on rhinoplasty and blepharoplasty (...)
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  23. Poverty, Vulnerability, the Value of Human Life, and the Emergence of Bioethics: Highlights and Papers of the Xxviiith Cioms Conference, Ixtapa, Guerrero State, Mexico, 17-20 April 1994. [REVIEW]Zbigniew Bańkowski & John H. Bryant (eds.) - 1995 - Cioms.
  24. Ethics, Equity, and the Renewal of Who's Health-for-All Strategy: Proceedings of the Xxixth Cioms Conference, Geneva, Switzerland 12-14 March 1997. [REVIEW]Zbigniew Bańkowski, John H. Bryant & J. Gallagher (eds.) - 1997 - Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (Cioms).
  25. Is the Clock Ticking for Terminally Ill Patients in Israel? Preliminary Comment on a Proposal for a Bill of Rights for the Terminally Ill.Y. M. Barilan - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):353-357.
    This paper presents and discusses a recent Israeli proposal to legislate on the rights of the dying patient. A gap exists between elitist biases of the committee proposing the law, and popular values and sentiments. The proposed law divides the dying patients into two groups: “those who wish to go on living” and “those who wish to die”. The former will have a right to life prolonging extraordinary care. It is not clear who would foot the bill for this care. (...)
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  26. Age Rationing and the Just Distribution of Health Care: Is There a Duty to Die?Margaret P. Battin - 1987 - Ethics 97 (2):317-340.
  27. The Right to Health and the Right to Health Care.T. L. Beauchamp & R. R. Faden - 1979 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 4 (2):118-131.
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  28. Communication Behaviors and Patient Autonomy in Hospital Care: A Qualitative Study.Zackary Berger - 2017 - Patient Education and Counseling 2017.
    BACKGROUND: Little is known about how hospitalized patients share decisions with physicians. METHODS: We conducted an observational study of patient-doctor communication on an inpatient medicine service among 18 hospitalized patients and 9 physicians. A research assistant (RA) approached newly hospitalized patients and their physicians before morning rounds and obtained consent. The RA audio recorded morning rounds, and then separately interviewed both patient and physician. Coding was done using integrated analysis. RESULTS: Most patients were white (61%) and half were female. Most (...)
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  29. End-of-Life Care in the 21st Century: Advance Directives in Universal Rights Discourse.Violeta Beširević - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (3):105-112.
    ABSTRACTThis article explores universal normative bases that could help to shape a workable legal construct that would facilitate a global use of advance directives. Although I believe that advance directives are of universal character, my primary aim in approaching this issue is to remain realistic. I will make three claims. First, I will argue that the principles of autonomy, dignity and informed consent, embodied in the Oviedo Convention and the UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, could arguably be regarded (...)
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  30. Disability, “Being Unhealthy,” and Rights to Health.Jerome Bickenbach - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):821-828.
    Often advocates for persons with disabilities strongly object to the claim that disability essentially involves a decrement in health. Yet, it is a mystery why anyone with an impairment would ever deny, or feel uncomfortable being told that, their impairment is at bottom a health problem. In this paper, I investigate the conceptual linkages between health and disability, relying on robust conceptualizations of both notions, and conclude it makes no conceptual sense to insist that a person can be seriously impaired (...)
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  31. Medication is Me Now? : Human Values and Political Life in the Wake of Global AIDS Treatment.João Biehl - 2010 - In Ilana Feldman & Miriam Iris Ticktin (eds.), In the Name of Humanity: The Government of Threat and Care. Duke University Press.
  32. Rights of and Duties to Non-Consenting Patients – Informed Refusal in the Developing World.Louis-jacquesvan Bogaert - 2006 - Developing World Bioethics 6 (1):13–22.
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  33. Health as a Theoretical Concept.Christopher Boorse - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):542-573.
    This paper argues that the medical conception of health as absence of disease is a value-free theoretical notion. Its main elements are biological function and statistical normality, in contrast to various other ideas prominent in the literature on health. Apart from universal environmental injuries, diseases are internal states that depress a functional ability below species-typical levels. Health as freedom from disease is then statistical normality of function, i.e., the ability to perform all typical physiological functions with at least typical efficiency. (...)
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  34. When Worlds Collide: Disability Rights and Medical Prerogatives in Matters of Life and Death. [REVIEW]James Bopp & Daniel Avila - 1995 - HEC Forum 7 (2-3):132-149.
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  35. The Right Not to Know: The Case of Psychiatric Disorders.Lisa Bortolotti & Heather Widdows - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (11):673-676.
    This paper will consider the right not to know in the context of psychiatric disorders. It will outline the arguments for and against acquiring knowledge about the results of genetic testing for conditions such as breast cancer and Huntington’s disease, and examine whether similar considerations apply to disclosing to clients the results of genetic testing for psychiatric disorders such as depression and Alzheimer’s disease. The right not to know will also be examined in the context of the diagnosis of psychiatric (...)
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  36. Abortion in Post-X Ireland.Suzanne Bouclin - unknown
    The author examines Ireland's Supreme Court decision in the X case and its effects on this country's constitutionally entrenched position of fetal rights. This decision is found to be inadequate for women’s groups and their supporters because of the Court’s adoption of ‘proper candidates’ for abortions. The Irish government’s subsequent efforts to strike a balance between the competing interests only serve to create more ambiguity in determining the legal status of abortion in Ireland. Further, the legal amendments and judicial interpretation (...)
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  37. Life and Death with Liberty and Justice: A Contribution to the Euthanasia Debate. By Germain Grisez and Joseph M. Boyle, Jr. [REVIEW]Vernon J. Bourke - 1980 - Modern Schoolman 57 (3):259-261.
  38. Children's Rights to Health Care.Dan W. Brock - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (2):163 – 177.
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  39. Moral Status and Human Enhancement.Allen Buchanan - 2009 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 37 (4):346-381.
  40. Medical Paternalism.Allen Buchanan - 1978 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 7 (4):370-390.
  41. The Scope for the Involvement of Patients in Their Consultations with Health Professionals: Rights, Responsibilities and Preferences of Patients.S. Buetow - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (4):243-247.
    The degree and nature of patient involvement in consultations with health professionals influences problem and needs recognition and management, and public accountability. This paper suggests a framework for understanding the scope for patient involvement in such consultations. Patients are defined as co-producers of formal health services, whose potential for involvement in consultations depends on their personal rights, responsibilities and preferences. Patients' rights in consultations are poorly defined and, in the National Health Service (NHS), not legally enforceable. The responsibilities of patients (...)
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  42. Taking Rights Seriously in Health.Scott Bums, Zita Lazzarini & Lawrence O. Gostin - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (4):490-491.
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  43. Patent Rights or Patent Wrongs? The Case of Patent Rights on AIDS Drugs.Samantha Byrne, Paul Davey, Kirsti McFarlane, John O'Brien & Craig Templeton - 2006 - Business Ethics 15 (3):299–305.
  44. Tobacco Control Litigation: Broader Impacts on Health Rights Adjudication.Oscar A. Cabrera & Juan Carballo - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):147-162.
    This paper argues that there are instances in which tobacco control litigation is strengthening the justiciability of the right to health and health-related rights. This is happening in different parts of the world, but in particular in Latin America. In part this is because, to a certain extent, tobacco control litigation based on fundamental rights overcomes the traditional arguments against economic, social and cultural rights adjudication: the anti-democratic argument, the lack of technical competency argument, the problem of the misallocation of (...)
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  45. Moral Traditions, Ethical Language, and Reproductive Technologies.Lisa Sowle Cahill - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (5):497-522.
    on reproductive technologies and the OTA report, Infertility , both use "rights" language to advance quite different views of the same subject matter. The former focuses on the rights and welfare of the embryo, and the protection of the family, while the latter stresses the freedom and rights of couples. This essay uses the work of Alasdair Maclntyre and Jeffrey Stout to consider the different traditions grounding these definitions of rights. It is proposed that a potentially effective mediating language could (...)
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  46. Book Review: Women's Health and Human Rights. [REVIEW]R. Alta Charo - 1995 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (2):195-198.
  47. Hospital Clinical Ethics Committees. The Geneva Experience - Switzerland.Jean-Claude Chevrolet & Bara Ricou - 2009 - Diametros 22:21-38.
    Hospital ethics committees were created in the United States of America in the 1970s. Their aims were the education of the hospital personnel in the field of ethics, the development of policies and the publication of guidelines concerning ethical issues, as well as consultations and case reviews of hospitalized patients when an ethical concern was present. During the last thirty years, these committees disseminated, particularly in Western Europe. In this manuscript, we describe the benefit, but also some difficulties with these (...)
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  48. Le comité d'éthique, la vie privée et l'intimité. Interpréter les droits des usagers.Michèle Clément & Éric Gagnon - 2013 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 8 (1):70-90.
    Le respect de la vie privée et de l’intimité est un droit reconnu aux usagers des services de santé et des services sociaux par différents codes d’éthique, par la Charte des droits et libertés de la personne du Québec et par la Loi sur les services de santé et les services sociaux. Pour autant, la signification que prend ce droit demeure incertaine. Il n’y a pas une signification, mais bien des significations. S’appuyant sur un important travail d’observation dans deux comités (...)
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  49. Introduction (Symposium on the Human Right to Subsistence).Rowan Cruft & Maksymilian Del Mar - 2013 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (1):53-56.
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  50. Health as a Basic Human Need: Would This Be Enough?Thana Cristina de Campos - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (2):251-267.
    Although the value of health is universally agreed upon, its definition is not. Both the WHO and the UN define health in terms of well-being. They advocate a globally shared responsibility that all of us — states, international organizations, pharmaceutical corporations, civil society, and individuals — bear for the health (that is, the well-being) of the world's population. In this paper I argue that this current well-being conception of health is troublesome. Its problem resides precisely in the fact that the (...)
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