About this topic
Summary Henry Sidgwick (1838-1900) is widely regarded as the most enduringly significant figure in late 19th century Anglo-American moral philosophy. He is both the last of the three classical utilitarians (Bentham, Mill, and Sidgwick) and the first in a tradition of British intuitionists stretching into the mid 20th century and including Moore and Ross. His works include books on political philosophy, political history, and economics, and articles on issues in epistemology and general philosophy. But by far his most discussed work in his masterpiece, The Methods of Ethics (first edition 1874, 7th (posthumous) edition 1907).
Key works For the student of ethics, Sidgwick's own most important works are The Methods of Ethics (Sidgwick 1907); Lectures on the Ethics of T.H. Green, Mr. Herbert Spencer, and J. Martineau (Sidgwick 1902) and Essays on Ethics and Method (Sidgwick 2000). Important secondary sources include C.D. Broad, Five Types of Ethical Theory (Broad 1959); Jerome Schneewind, Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy (Schneewind 1977); Robert Shaver, Rational Egoism (Shaver 1998);  Bart Schultz, Henry Sidgwick: Eye of the Universe (Schultz 2004); Terence Irwin, The Development of Ethics, Vol. III (Irwin 2009); and David Phillips, Sidgwickian Ethics (Phillips 2011).
Introductions The best introductions to Sidgwick's work are probably his own in the "short intellectual autobiography" included by his literary executor, E.E. Constance Jones, in the Preface to the 6th edition of the Methods (Sidgwick 1907, xvii-xxiii) and Bart Schultz's Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article "Henry Sidgwick".
Related categories

366 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 366
  1. added 2020-06-16
    The Role of Metaphysics, Common-Sense, and Interpretations of Classical Greek Philosophy in Sidgwick's Utilitarianism and Whitehead's Virtue Ethics.Kevin Karl Jones Durand - 2000 - Dissertation, The University of Oklahoma
    Whitehead's metaphysical and ethical arguments accomplish two related goals. The first is a criticism of modern ethical theory---the Utilitarian views of Sidgwick and Mill and the Theistic Intuitionism of the Cambridge Moralists . I argue that Whitehead's rejection of these views depends on a rejection of the subject/predicate substance metaphysics inherited by Sidgwick, et al, from Aristotle, a rejection of the method of philosophizing that is drawn from 19th-century interpretations of Aristotle, and an amended view of the role of common-sense (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. added 2020-06-08
    Sentimentalismo, consequenzialismo, etica laica. [REVIEW]Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2002 - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 9 (1):255-270.
    I suggest that Kantian ethics, that is, the ethics of the mature Kant, that of Thomas Nagel, Karl-Otto Apel and Onora O'Neill, is not the caricature of an "engineering" approach in normative ethics that Lecaldano wants to fight in his war on deontological ethics. The ethics of Kant and the Neokantians can be for a consequentialist ethic a more fearsome and interesting adversary than such targets as "common-sense morality", non-existent "dogmatic intuitionism" invented by Sidgwick, non-existent "Catholic morality" that Lecaldano tends (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. added 2020-05-14
    Sidgwick, Henry, I metodi dell'etica, ed. by Maurizio Mori. [REVIEW]Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1996 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 88 (1):175-176.
    A short presentation of the first Italian translation of a classic of Modern Ethics ignored by Italian philosophers for more than a century.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. added 2020-01-17
    Practical Ethics in Sidgwick and Kant.Anthony Skelton - 2020 - In Tyler Paytas & Tim Henning (eds.), Kantian and Sidgwickian Ethics: The Cosmos of Duty Above and the Moral Law Within. New York, NY, USA: Routledge. pp. 13-39.
    Sidgwick claimed Kant as one of his moral philosophical masters. This did not prevent Sidgwick from registering pointed criticisms of most of Kant’s main claims in ethics. This paper explores the practical ethics of Sidgwick and Kant. In § I, I outline the element of Kant’s theoretical ethics that Sidgwick endorsed. In §§ II and III, I outline and adjudicate some of their sharpest disagreements in practical ethics, on the permissibility of lying and on the demands of beneficence. In § (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. added 2019-12-29
    Utilitarismo.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2006 - In Virgilio Melchiorre (ed.), Enciclopedia filosofica. Milan, Italy: Bompiani. pp. 11951-11958.
    A reconstruction of the origins, development and transformations in reaction to criticism of an ethical doctrine, followed by a discussion on its influence on law, political theory, economics and the social sciences.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. added 2019-12-19
    Phenomenological Tendencies in British Moral Theory.Dallas Willard & Barry Smith - 1995 - In Lester Embree (ed.), Encyclopedia of Phenomenology. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 81-85.
    There is an inherent phenomenological tendency in British moral theory, especially from John Locke onward. The purpose of his Essay was, he said, to consider the discerning faculties of a man, as they are employed about the objects which they have to do with. This is language that might serve well in a general description of the work of Husserl and other phenomenologists.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. added 2019-08-26
    Elizabeth Anscombe on Consequentialism and Absolute Prohibitions.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2012 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 47:7-39.
    I discuss the third of Anscombe’s theses from “Modern Moral Philosophy”, namely that post-Sidgwickian consequentialism makes the worst action acceptable. I scrutinize her comprehension of “consequentialism”, her reconstruction of Sidgwick’s view of intention, her defence of casuistry, her reformulation of the double-effect doctrine, and her view of morality as based on Divine commands. I argue that her characterization of consequentialism suffers from lack of understanding of the history of utilitarianism and its self-transformation through the Intuitionism-Utilitarianism controversy; that she uncritically accepted (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8. added 2019-06-06
    The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain. [REVIEW]Leslie Armour - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (2):351-354.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. added 2019-06-06
    Henry Sidgwick: Eye of the Universe-an Intellectual Biography. [REVIEW]David Crossley - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (2):393-395.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. added 2019-06-06
    Sidgwick’s Utility and Whitehead’s Virtue: Metaphysics and Morality. [REVIEW]Daniel Dombrowski - 2003 - Process Studies 32 (1):155-155.
  11. added 2019-06-06
    Eye of the Universe: Henry Sidgwick and the Problem Public: Bart Schultz.Bart Schultz - 2002 - Utilitas 14 (2):155-188.
    Henry Sidgwick has gone down in the history of philosophy as both the great, classical utilitarian moral theorist who authored The Methods of Ethics, and an outstanding exemplar of intellectual honesty and integrity, one whose personal virtues were inseparable from his philosophical strengths and method. Yet this construction of Sidgwick the philosopher has been based on a too limited understanding of Sidgwick's casuistry and leading practical ethical concerns. As his friendship with John Addington Symonds reveals, Sidgwick was deeply entangled in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. added 2019-06-06
    The Methods of Ethics, Edition 7, Page 92, Note 1: William K. Frankena.William K. Frankena - 2000 - Utilitas 12 (3):278-290.
    This essay, one of the last that Frankena wrote, provides a scrupulously detailed exploration of the various possible meanings of one of Sidgwick's most famous footnotes in the Methods Long intrigued by what Sidgwick had in mind when he said that he would explain how it came about that for moderns it is not tautologous to claim that one's own good is one's only reasonable ultimate end, Frankena uses this note as a point of departure for a penetrating review of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. added 2019-06-06
    Move Over Mill and Bentham: The Complete Works and Selected Correspondence of Henry Sidgwick (CD-ROM), Ed. Bart Schultz, Prices on Request. [REVIEW]Julian Baggini - 1998 - The Philosophers' Magazine 3:52-52.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. added 2019-06-06
    Common Sense and First Principles in Sidgwick's Methods*: DAVID O. BRINK.David O. Brink - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (1):179-201.
    What role, if any, should our moral intuitions play in moral epistemology? We make, or are prepared to make, moral judgments about a variety of actual and hypothetical situations. Some of these moral judgments are more informed, reflective, and stable than others ; some we make more confidently than others; and some, though not all, are judgments about which there is substantial consensus. What bearing do our moral judgments have on philosophical ethics and the search for first principles in ethics? (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  15. added 2019-06-06
    The Amateur and the Professional: Antiquarians, Historians and Archaeologists in Victorian England, 1838–1886 : Philippa Levine , X + 210pp., £25.00 $39.50. [REVIEW]Joan Todd - 1988 - History of European Ideas 9 (4):517-519.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. added 2019-06-06
    Sidgwick’s Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW]John T. Wilcox - 1985 - International Studies in Philosophy 17 (1):90-91.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. added 2019-06-06
    Roy MacLeod , Days of Judgement. Science, Examinations and the Organization of Knowledge in Late Victorian England. Driffield: Studies in Education Ltd., Nafferton Books, 1982. Pp. Ix + 250. ISBN 0-905484-15-0. £15.95. [REVIEW]David Layton - 1985 - British Journal for the History of Science 18 (1):113-113.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. added 2019-06-06
    The Many Methods of Sidgwick’s Ethics.Marcus G. Singer - 1974 - The Monist 58 (3):420-448.
    The very title of Sidgwick’s great work is fascinating: the methods of ethics. We hear much—and persons a hundred years ago heard much—of the methods of science. But we hear very little of the methods of ethics. Is ethics a science? No, and Sidgwick never thought that it was. But he did think that the methods, or something of the spirit, of scientific investigation could be imported into ethical studies, with results which, though they would not necessarily be dramatic and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19. added 2019-06-06
    A Fudamental Contradiction in Sidgwick's "The Methods of Ethics".George W. Roberts - 1969 - Critica 3 (9):59-75.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. added 2019-06-06
    Five Types of Ethical Theory.C. D. Broad - 1959 - Routledge.
    First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   60 citations  
  21. added 2019-06-06
    Sidgwick's Septem C. Thebas and Persae of Aischylos. [REVIEW]M. A. Bayfield - 1904 - The Classical Review 18 (3):159-163.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. added 2019-06-06
    Book Review:Lectures on the Ethics of T. H. Green, Mr. Herbert Spencer, and James Martineau. Henry Sidgwick. [REVIEW]S. H. Mellone - 1903 - Ethics 14:106.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. added 2019-06-06
    The True Significance of Sidgwick's "Ethics".F. H. Hayward - 1901 - International Journal of Ethics 11 (2):175-187.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24. added 2019-06-06
    Sidgwick's Text of Aeschylus. [REVIEW]R. Y. Tyrrell - 1900 - The Classical Review 14 (7):362-363.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. added 2019-06-06
    Sidgwick and Schopenhauer on the Foundation of Morality.Michael Macmillan - 1898 - International Journal of Ethics 8 (4):490-496.
  26. added 2019-06-06
    Professor Sidgwick on the Ethics of Religious Conformity: A Reply.H. Rashdall - 1897 - International Journal of Ethics 7 (2):137-168.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27. added 2019-06-05
    Book Reviews Phillips , David . Sidgwickian Ethics New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. Pp. Xii+163. $65.00 (Cloth).Bart Schultz - 2012 - Ethics 123 (1):174-179.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. added 2019-06-05
    IV—The Dualism of Practical Reason.Roger Crisp - 1996 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 96 (1):53-74.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  29. added 2019-06-05
    Book Review:Lectures on the Philosophy of Kant, and Other Philosophical Lectures and Essays. Henry Sidgwick. [REVIEW]J. S. Mackenzie - 1905 - Ethics 16 (2):261.
  30. added 2019-03-22
    As Boys Pursue the Rainbow. Whewell’s Independent Morality Vs. Sidgwick’s Dogmatic Intuitionism.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2011 - In Placido Bucolo, Roger Crisp & Bart Schultz (eds.), Proceedings of the Second World Congress on Henry Sidgwick. Ethics, Psychics, Politics. Catania, Italy: CUECM. pp. 146-235.
    I discuss Whewell’s philosophy of morality, as opposed to systematic morality, not unlike Kant’s distinction between a pure and an empirical moral philosophy. Whewell worked out a systematization of traditional normative ethics as a first step before its rational justification; he believed that the point in the philosophy of morality is justifying a few rational truths about the structure of morality such as to rule hedonism, eudemonism, and consequentialism; yet a system of positive morality cannot be derived solely from such (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. added 2018-02-17
    On What Matters: Two-Volume Set.Derek Parfit - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a major work in moral philosophy, the long-awaited follow-up to Parfit's 1984 classic Reasons and Persons, a landmark of twentieth-century philosophy. Parfit now presents a powerful new treatment of reasons and a critical examination of the most prominent systematic moral theories, leading to his own ground-breaking conclusion.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   432 citations  
  32. added 2017-10-23
    Sidgwick on Pleasure.Robert Shaver - 2016 - Ethics 126 (4):901-928.
  33. added 2017-10-23
    British Ethical Theorists From Sidgwick to Ewing.Thomas Hurka - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first full historical study of a key strand in the development of modern moral philosophy. The subject is a school of British ethical theorists from the late 19th to the mid-20th century, including Sidgwick and Moore. Hurka shows what these philosophers thought, how they influenced each other, and how their ideas changed through time.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  34. added 2017-10-23
    Sidgwick on Consequentialism and Deontology: A Critique.Thomas Hurka - 2014 - Utilitas 26 (2):129-152.
    In The Methods of Ethics Henry Sidgwick argued against deontology and for consequentialism. More specifically, he stated four conditions for self-evident moral truth and argued that, whereas no deontological principles satisfy all four conditions, the principles that generate consequentialism do. This article argues that both his critique of deontology and his defence of consequentialism fail, largely for the same reason: that he did not clearly grasp the concept W. D. Ross later introduced of a prima facie duty or duty other (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. added 2017-10-23
    Sidgwick's Axioms and Consequentialism.Robert Shaver - 2014 - Philosophical Review 123 (2):173-204.
    Sidgwick gives various tests for highest certainty. When he applies these tests to commonsense morality, he finds nothing of highest certainty. In contrast, when he applies these tests to his own axioms, he finds these axioms to have highest certainty. The axioms culminate in Benevolence: “Each one is morally bound to regard the good of any other individual as much as his own, except in so far as he judges it to be less, when impartially viewed, or less certainly knowable (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36. added 2017-10-23
    Pleasure and Hedonism in Sidgwick.Roger Crisp - 2011 - In Thomas Hurka (ed.), Underivative Duty: British Moral Philosophers From Sidgwick to Ewing. Oxford University Press.
  37. added 2017-10-23
    Secrecy in Consequentialism: A Defence of Esoteric Morality.Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer - 2010 - Ratio 23 (1):34-58.
    Sidgwick's defence of esoteric morality has been heavily criticized, for example in Bernard Williams's condemnation of it as 'Government House utilitarianism.' It is also at odds with the idea of morality defended by Kant, Rawls, Bernard Gert, Brad Hooker, and T.M. Scanlon. Yet it does seem to be an implication of consequentialism that it is sometimes right to do in secret what it would not be right to do openly, or to advocate publicly. We defend Sidgwick on this issue, and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  38. added 2017-10-23
    Rational Egoism: A Selective and Critical History.Robert Shaver - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    The position of rational egoism centres upon the thought that the rational thing to do must be to pursue one's own self-interest. Focusing on the work of Hobbes and Sidgwick, this book is an extensive history and evaluation of rational egoism. They are, after the ancients, the foremost exponents of rational egoism. He also considers other figures - Grotius, Samuel Clarke, John Clarke, Butler, Hume, Reid, Kant, Paley and Bentham - and a related position: the instrumental theory of rationality. Robert (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. added 2017-10-23
    The Significance of the Dualism of Practical Reason.Alison Hills - 2003 - Utilitas 15 (3):315.
    Sidgwick argued that utilitarianism and egoism were in conflict, that neither theory was better justified than the other, and concluded that there was a and all that remained to him was. The dualism argument introduced by Sidgwick is an extremely powerful sceptical argument that no theory of ethics is rationally required: it cannot be shown that a moral sceptic or an egoist ought to accept the moral theory, otherwise she is unreasonable. I explain two ways in which the significance of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40. added 2017-10-23
    What is Sidgwick’s Dualism of Practical Reason?Mcleod Owen - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):273-290.
    Sidgwick's ‘Dualism of Practical Reason’ has attracted the attention of many interpreters, and the Dualism itself seems to be an historically important version of the view, recently defended by Thomas Nagel, Susan Wolf, and others, that there exists a fundamental fragmentation of value – that the ‘cosmos of duty is reduced to chaos,’ in Sidgwick's words. In this paper, I consider and reject the leading interpretations of Sidgwick's Dualism, and propose an alternative reading. I conclude by offering what I hope (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. added 2017-02-15
    The ‘Creed of Science’ in Victorian England. [REVIEW]David Riley - 2001 - British Journal for the History of Science 34 (1):97-124.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. added 2017-02-15
    The Education of Women in Victorian and Edwardian England.Js Pedersen - 1987 - History of European Ideas 8 (6):731-736.
  43. added 2017-02-15
    Girls Growing Up in Late Victorian and Edwardian England.Joyce Senders Pedersen - 1987 - History of European Ideas 8 (6):731-736.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. added 2017-02-13
    Liberal Ideals and Feminist Organisation in Victorian England: One Cause or Many?Joyce Pedersen - 1994 - History of European Ideas 19 (4-6):733-739.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. added 2017-02-13
    Between Science and Religion: The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England.Christopher J. Berry - 1981 - History of European Ideas 2 (2):173-174.
  46. added 2017-02-11
    Possession or Insanity?: Two Views From the Victorian Lunatic Asylum.Anthony Ossa-Richardson - 2013 - Journal of the History of Ideas 74 (4):553-575.
  47. added 2017-02-10
    Between Science and Religion: The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England.A. R. Louch - 1975 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 13 (2):273-273.
  48. added 2017-02-03
    George Henry Lewes: A Victorian Mind.Hock Guan Tjoa - 1977 - Harvard University Press.
    In this book Professor Tjoa not only reconstructs Lewes’ theory of criticism and his social and political opinions but also evaluates his contributions to ...
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. added 2017-01-29
    Schultz, Bruno K., Erbkunde, Rassenkunde, Rassenpflege.Landsberg Landsberg - 1935 - Studies in Philosophy and Social Science 4:144.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. added 2017-01-27
    Ordinary Moral Knowledge and Philosophical Ethics in Sidgwick and Kant.Massimo Reichlin - 2008 - Etica E Politica 10 (2):109-136.
    Sidgwick considered Kant as one of his masters. However, he never devoted any systematic attention to Kant’s ethical theory; moreover, in The Methods of Ethics he concluded that Kantian ethics is inadequate to guide moral life. I review Sidgwick’s references to Kant in order to show that – along with basic differences − there are significant similarities in the main project of the two philosophers; and I suggest that, should Sidgwick have deepened his understanding of Kant, he might have realised (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 366