Hermeneutics

Edited by Theodore George (Texas A&M University)
Assistant editor: David Liakos (Houston Community College System)
About this topic
Summary

Hermeneutics concerns the study of understanding and interpretation. While this study includes considerations of the art, techniques, methods, and foundations of interpretative research in the humanities and related disciplines, philosophical inquiry into hermeneutics characteristically focuses on questions raised by the phenomena of understanding and interpretation in epistemology, the theory of meaning, the ontology of human beings, and the philosophy of language and history. Philosophical interest in hermeneutics may be traced back to ancient Greek and Judeo-Christian sources, but the philosophical tradition of modern hermeneutics originates in the early nineteenth century. The principal figures associated with this modern tradition of hermeneutics are Friedrich Schleiermacher, Wilhelm Dilthey, Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer, and Paul Ricoeur. Notable developments in the post-war ear include debate that arose between hermeneutics, on the one hand, and deconstruction and critical theory on the other. More recently, hermeneutics has come to be associated with figures in the continental tradition such as Gianni Vattimo, John Caputo, and Günter Figal, and figures in the anglophone context such as Richard Rorty, Charles Taylor, and John McDowell. The philosophical study of hermeneutics both draws from and is of consequence for several related areas of humanistic research, perhaps especially biblical hermeneutics, legal hermeneutics, the philosophy of medicine and nursing, and the philosophy of education.

Key works

Although philosophical study of hermeneutics has a history that reaches back to ancient Greek and Judeo-Christian sources, the major figures and works associated with modern hermeneutics date from the turn of the nineteenth century. Of nineteenth century sources, an introduction to the contributions of Friedrich Schleiermacher, often characterized as the principal proponent of Romantic hermeneutics, may be found in Hermeneutics and Criticism.  Main lines of Wilhelm Dilthey’s thought may be discerned from his first important theoretical work, Introduction to the Human Sciences. Heidegger’s radicalization of hermeneutics in the first part of the century is developed in an important 1923 lecture course, published as Ontology—the Hermeneutics of Facticity as well as in his masterwork Being and Time. The major work of Hans-Georg Gadamer, the name perhaps most associated with hermeneutics in our time, is Truth and Method. Indications of the some of the most important developments in Gadamer’s later thought may be found in The Gadamer Reader: A Bouquet of The Later Writings. Many of the main lines of Paul Ricoeur’s contributions to hermeneutics may be found in The Conflict of Interpretations: Essays in Hermeneutics. For a broader overview of figures and works associated with modern hermeneutics, see, for example, Kurt Mueller-Vollmer, ed., The Hermeneutics Reader: Texts from the German Tradition from the Enlightenment to the Present and Gayle L. Ormiston and Alan Schrift, eds., The Hermeneutic Tradition from Ast to Ricoeur. Jean Grondin's notable Introduction to Philosophical Hermeneutics includes an extensive bibliography of primary and secondary sources in ancient and modern hermeneutics. Two important companions to the philosophical study of hermeneutics are Niall Keane and Chris Lawn, eds.,The Blackwell Companion to Hermeneutics and Jeff Malpas and Hans-Helmut Gander, eds., The Routledge Companion to Hermeneutics.

Introductions The editor and assistant editor of this page have written an historical and conceptual introduction to hermeneutics in the postwar period: "Hermeneutics in Post-War Continental European Philosophy". Further, of the many good introductions to hermeneutics available in English, those highly recommended include, in alphabetical order by author:

Bruns, Gerald, Hermeneutics Ancient and Modern

Forster, Michael N. and Gjesdal, Kristin, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Hermeneutics.

Grondin, Jean, Introduction to Philosophical Hermeneutics

Keane, Niall and Lawn, Chris, eds. The Blackwell Companion to Hermeneutics.

Maplas, Jeff and Gander, Hans-Helmut, eds., The Routledge Companion to Hermeneutics.

Ramberg, Bjorn and Gjesdal, Kristin, “Hermeneutics”.  

Palmer, Richard, Hermeneutics: Interpretive Theory in Schleiermacher, Dilthey, Heidegger, and Gadamer

Schmidt, Lawrence, Understanding Hermeneutics.

Related categories
Subcategories:See also:History/traditions: Hermeneutics

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  1. Whence Heidegger’s Phenomenology?Robert D. Stolorow - 2020 - Human Studies 43:1-3.
    Scharff’s study of Heidegger’s earlier lectures and their debt to Dilthey’s phenomenology allow one to recognize the Diltheyan influences that pervade Being and Time, undistracted by Husserl’s super-Cartesianism.
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  2. Die Gegenständlichkeit der Welt. Festschrift Für Günter Figal Zum 70. Geburtstag.Tobias Keiling (ed.) - 2019 - Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
    Die hier versammelten Aufsätze fragen nach dem Sinn des Gegenständlichen, dem Erscheinen der Kunst und der Realität des Raums. Ausgehend von Phänomenologie und Hermeneutik hat Günter Figal dieses Fragen neu angestoßen, als er die Gegenständlichkeit der Welt ins Zentrum seiner Philosophie gestellt hat. Kollegen, Weggefährten und Freunde widmen ihm die vorliegenden Beiträge.
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  3. Master Questions, Student Questions, and Genuine Questions: A Performative Analysis of Questions in Chan Encounter Dialogues.Nathan Eric Dickman - 2020 - Religions 2 (11):72.
    I want to know whether Chan masters and students depicted in classical Chan transmission literature can be interpreted as asking open (or what I will call “genuine”) questions. My task is significant because asking genuine questions appears to be a decisive factor in ascertaining whether these figures represent models for dialogue—the kind of dialogue championed in democratic society and valued by promoters of interreligious exchange. My study also contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of early Chan not only by detailing (...)
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  4. Dilthey and Wittgenstein: Understanding Understanding.Lee Braver - 2019 - In Eric S. Nelson (ed.), Interpreting Dilthey: Critical Essays.
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  5. Aproximando-se da distância: as principais disparidades do pensamento fraco de Vattimo ante a ontologia heideggeriana.Gabriel Debatin - 2019 - Ekstasis: Revista de Hermenêutica E Fenomenologia 8 (1):183-200.
    O presente ensaio pretende apresentar uma série de distanciamentos fundamentais entre o pensamento do italiano Gianni Vattimo, centrado no conceito de pensamento fraco, com a ontologia heideggeriana. A problemática consiste no confesso fato de Vattimo basear seu pensamento na filosofia de Heidegger; contudo, sob forte influência do pensamento de Nietzsche, o filósofo italiano acaba por desvirtuar certos conceitos cruciais da filosofia heideggeriana, conduzindo-a a conclusões diametralmente opostas às suas. Vattimo assevera, assim, que há um elemento niilista que perpassa toda a (...)
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  6. Sobre ontología-trascendental / On Trascendental-Ontology.Alberto Luis López - 2003 - Suspiria 2 (2):8-12.
    En este escrito de ontología-trascendental reflexiono en términos heideggerianos sobre la voz ontológica, es decir, sobre el lenguaje interior que habla al oyente-escucha y que, desde ese decir ontológico, le revela lo que es. Dicha voz, al ser correctamente escuchada, dará paso a un auténtico apalabrar y decir, lo que develará una palabra-concepto ontológico transformador. Éste, al ser fruto de una auténtica ontología-trascendental, devendrá en un nuevo paradigma de la acción humana.
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  7. Uccello's Fluttering Monument to Hawkwood, with Schwob and Artaud.Javier Berzal de Dios - 2016 - Diacritics 44 (2):86-103.
    At the twilight of the nineteenth century, the French symbolist writer Marcel Schwob assimilated Paolo Uccello (1397-1475) into modern sensibilities: “For Uccello did not care about the reality of things, but about their multiplicity and about the infinitude of lines.” Schwob’s consideration of Uccello (much like Antonin Artaud’s, who wrote the surrealist “Uccello le poil”) has been traditionally neglected by art historians. And yet, these literary encounters with the painter retain a sense of hermeneutical validity that, I argue, transcends the (...)
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  8. Faith or Friendship: On Integrating Possibilities for Self-Realization in Kierkegaard and Aristotle.Nathan Eric Dickman - 2014 - In Daniel Boscaljon (ed.), Resisting the Place of Belonging: Uncanny Homecomings in Religion, Narrative, and the Arts.
  9. Linguistically Mediated Liberation: Freedom and Limits of Understanding in Thich Nhat Hanh and Hans-Georg Gadamer.Nathan Eric Dickman - 2016 - The Humanistic Psychologist 3 (44).
    Many despair at trying to understand something’s meaning and express dissatisfaction with language wholesale. What if some things simply are not understandable? Thich Nhat Hanh coined interbeing to name the fundamental principle of interdependence defining Buddhist ontologies, and uses interbeing to dislodge despair resulting from rigid expectations of how things must be. Thich also criticized a standard view of language as generating those rigid expectations. Drawing upon classical humanist traditions, Hans-Georg Gadamer promoted a hermeneutics whereby interpreters overcome existential alienation. In (...)
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  10. Open Interpretation: Whitehead and Schleiermacher on Hermeneutics.J. R. Hustwit - 2004 - In Christine Helmer, Marjorie Suchocki, John Quiring & Katie Goetz (eds.), Whitehead and Schleiermacher: Open Systems in Dialogue. New York, NY, USA: De Gruyter. pp. 185-213.
    This article deploys Whitehead's systematic metaphysics as the basis for a philosophical hermeneutics. Whiteheadian hermeneutics are then compare and contrasted with Schleiermacher's own hermeneutics.
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  11. The Incognito of a Thief: Johannes Climacus and the Poetics of Self-Incrimination.Martijn Boven - 2019 - In Adam Buben, Eleanor Helms & Patrick Stokes (eds.), The Kierkegaardian Mind. London, UK: pp. 409-420.
    In this essay, I advance a reading of Philosophical Crumbs or a Crumb of Philosophy, published by Søren Kierkegaard under the pseudonym Johannes Climacus. I argue that this book is animated by a poetics of self-incrimination. Climacus keeps accusing himself of having stolen his words from someone else. In this way, he deliberately adopts the identity of a thief as an incognito. To understand this poetics of self-incrimination, I analyze the hypothetical thought-project that Climacus develops in an attempt to show (...)
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  12. La hermenéutica analógica o filosofía de Mauricio Beuchot.Mario Edmundo Chávez Tortolero - 2019 - In Aldo Camacho & Claudia González (eds.), Tras las huellas de Hermes. Homenaje a Mauricio Beuchot. Editorial Torres Asociados. pp. 57-74.
    En este texto se aborda la hermenéutica analógica como una propuesta filosófica. Se analizan los elementos principales de la propuesta de Mauricio Beuchot, se plantean algunas objeciones y se resuelven, asimismo, se esboza una interpretación de la hermenéutica analógica.
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  13. Budowanie świata, trwanie w chwili. Opis estetycznego doświadczenia dzieła muzycznego w nawiązaniu do tekstów Alfreda Schutza i George'a Steinera.Małgorzata A. Szyszkowska (ed.) - 2018 - Warsaw, Poland: Wydawnictwa Akademi Muzycznej im. F. Chopina.
    Drawing on phenomenological literature author presents understanding of the aesthetic experience of the musical work pointing to several things: 1. the deep grounding of the experience in myth and Orphic tradition, 2. to the metaphor of building worlds and 3. to being in the moment as one of the most important description of the experience of musical work. Further on author underlines the dynamic as well as fickle character of the experience of musical work, suspended between the sensual audio experience (...)
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  14. Lacan, Foucault, and the 'Crisis of the Subject': Revisionist Reflections on Phenomenology and Post-Structuralism.Louis Sass - 2014 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 21 (4):325-341.
    French thought in the twentieth century is typically described as marked by a major fault line, a rupture or grande coupure, that emerged in the 1960s, the heyday of the ‘crisis of the subject.’ Before this time French philosophy, together with associated fields, were focused on issues of subjectivity—first in the vein of Bergsonian vitalism but then shifting, with Sartre and Merleau-Ponty in the late 1930s and 1940s, to forms of phenomenology and existentialism inspired first by Husserl and then, even (...)
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  15. Nelson Saldanha, Ordem E Hermenêutica. Sobre as Relções Entre as Formas de Organi-Zação E o Pensamento Interpretativo, Principalmente No Direito. [REVIEW]Xavier Daverat - 1993 - Archives de Philosophie du Droit 38:378-379.
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  16. The Community of Interpreters: On the Hermeneutics of Nature and the Bible in the American Philosophical Tradition.Robert S. Corrington - 1989 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 25 (1):57-61.
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  17. The Garments of Torah Essays in Biblical Hermeneutics.Michael A. Fishbane - 1989
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  18. Hermeneutics, Semiotics and Anthropology.Tomas J. Lopez - 2011 - Semiotics:63-71.
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  19. Primary Teaching How It Is: A Narrative Account. London: David Foulton.M. Cortazzi - 1991 - Critical Inquiry 17:336-57.
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  20. Commentary on" Encoding of Meaning".Michael Alan Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins - 1997 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (4):277-282.
  21. Grünbaum's Philosophical Critique of Psychoanalysis: Or What I Don't Know Isn't Knowledge.Paul Kline - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (2):245-246.
  22. Hermenéutica analógica e interculturalidad.Mauricio Beuchot Puente - 2011 - Revista de Filosofía (México) 43 (131):85-97.
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  23. Cognitive Science and Hermeneutic Explanation: Symbiotic or Incompatible Frameworks?John Drury - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (1):41-50.
  24. Cognitive Psychology and Hermeneutics: Two Irreconcilable Approaches?John McMillan - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (4):255-258.
  25. Theory and Practice: Negotiating the Differences.Martin Warner - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (4):265-266.
  26. The Hermeneutic Critique of Cognitive Psychology.James Phillips - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (4):259-264.
  27. Relativism and the Social-Constructivist Paradigm.Eric Gillett - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):37-48.
  28. Response to the Commentaries.Guy Widdershoven - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (4):267-270.
  29. Hermenéutica analógica y nueva ontología.Mauricio Beuchot Puente - 2005 - Estudios Filosóficos 54 (156):229-238.
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  30. A Hundred-Year of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology (Allgemeine Psychopathologie) - 1913-2013: A Pivotal Book in the History of Psychiatry. [REVIEW]Antonio Egidio Nardi, Rafael Christophe Freire, Sergio Machado, Adriana Cardoso Silva & Jose Alexandre Crippa - unknown
    After a hundred-years of its publication, the Karl Jaspers' book, General Psychopathology, is still an indispensable book to psychiatrists and for all those who study psychopathology. It's a clear delineation of the phenomenological method for describing the symptoms of mental disorders that remains unmatched until nowadays. The book focuses on the relevance of phenomenological and hermeneutical methods in psychopathology. Although this work is grounded in the clinical thought and practices of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Jaspers' delineation of (...)
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  31. Medicalized Psychiatry and the Talking Cure: A Hermeneutic Intervention.Kevin Aho & Charles Guignon - 2011 - Human Studies 34 (3):293-308.
    The dominance of the medical-model in American psychiatry over the last 30 years has resulted in the subsequent decline of the “talking cure”. In this paper, we identify a number of problems associated with medicalized psychiatry, focusing primarily on how it conceptualizes the self as a de-contextualized set of symptoms. Drawing on the tradition of hermeneutic phenomenology, we argue that medicalized psychiatry invariably overlooks the fact that our identities, and the meanings and values that matter to us, are created and (...)
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  32. Leibniz and China: Religion, Hermeneutics, and Enlightenment.Eric S. Nelson - 2009 - Religion in the Age of Enlightenment (RAE) 1: 277-300.
  33. Aesthetic and Hermeneutic Judgments in Psychotherapy.Rainer Matthias Holm-Hadulla - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (4):297-299.
  34. Key Concepts: Hermeneutics.James Phillips - 1996 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (1):61-69.
  35. Horizonal Hermeneutics and the Actual Infinite.Robert S. Corrington - 1982 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 8 (1/2):36-97.
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Hans-Georg Gadamer
  1. Радичков другарува с думите.Vasil Penchev - 2000 - "Филвест".
    A few works of the famous Bulgarian writer Yordan Radichkov (1929-2004) are interpreted philosophically. What is investigated is the availability and inovation of well-known ideas of Western philosophy in them. The great literature refers to human life and being: thus, it shares many topics with philosophy.
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  2. Свирепа Философия. Творчеството на Радичков като философска тема.Vasil Penchev - 2007 - Sofia: Академично издателство "Проф. Марин Дринов".
    The famous Bulgariann writer Yordan Radichkov's works are interpreted philosophically. The genre of philosophical and literary criticism is utilized. Any great writer referring to considerable questions of human life and being, and thus, philosophical. A few short stories, plays, and novels of Radichkov (1929-2004) are interpreted accordingly their philosophical content.
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  3. Tasks of Philosophy in the Present Age RIAS-Lecture, June 9, 1952.Cynthia R. Nielsen & Ian Alexander Moore - 2020 - Philosophy Today 64 (2):1-8.
    Translators’ Abstract: This is a translation of Hans-Georg Gadamer’s recently discovered 1952 Berlin speech. The speech includes several themes that reappear in Truth and Method, as well as in Gadamer’s later writings such as Reason in the Age of Science. For example, Gadamer criticizes positivism, modern philosophy’s orientation toward positivism, and Enlightenment narratives of progress, while presenting his view of philosophy’s tasks in an age of crisis. In addition, he discusses structural power, instrumental reason, the objectification of nature and human (...)
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  4. Hermeneutics in Post-War Continental European Philosophy.David Liakos & Theodore George - 2019 - In Kelly Becker & Iain Thomson (eds.), The Cambridge History of Philosophy, 1945-2015. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 399-415.
    Taken in general terms, “hermeneutics” refers to the study of understanding and interpretation, and, traditionally, this study focuses on considerations of the art, method, and foundations of research in the arts and humanities. The study of hermeneutics has been developed and applied in a number of areas of scholarly inquiry, such as biblical exegesis, literary studies, legal studies, and the medical humanities. In the context of post-war Continental European thought, however, hermeneutics is brought into a novel philosophical context and, with (...)
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  5. Are You Ready to Meet Your Baby? Phenomenology, Pregnancy, and the Ultrasound.Casey Rentmeester - 2020 - Journal of Applied Hermeneutics 2 (2020):1-13.
    Iris Marion Young’s classic paper on the phenomenology of pregnancy chronicles the alienating tendencies of technology-ridden maternal care, as the mother’s subjective knowledge of the pregnancy gets overridden by the objective knowledge provided by medical personnel and technological apparatuses. Following Fredrik Svenaeus, the authors argue that maternal care is not necessarily alienating by looking specifically at the proper attention paid by sonographers in maternal care when performing ultrasound examinations. Using Martin Heidegger’s philosophy as a theoretical lens, the authors argue that (...)
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  6. El debate sobre Plato und die Dichter y su inscripción en el contexto de Alemania Nacional-Socialista: una discusión con lecturas de la teoría política.Facundo Bey - 2019 - Ekstasis: Revista de Hermenéutica y Fenomenologí 8 (1):138-163.
    Hans-Georg Gadamer, en su conferencia Plato und die Dichter (1934), desarrolló una investigación fenomenológica excepcional de filosofía ético-política de Platón y del lugar que el arte ocupa en ella. En mediados de la década de 1990, la escritora mexicana Teresa Orozco publicó una serie de escritos en los cuales acusa a Gadamer de haberse colocado, a través de la exhibición y publicación de este trabajo, a servicio del nacional-socialismo. Este artículo busca discutir los argumentos presentados por Orozco y otros autores, (...)
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  7. VATTIMO, Gianni. A ontologia hermenêutica na filosofia contemporânea. (Tradução).Gabriel Debatin - 2019 - Pensando: Revista de Filosofia 10 (19):107-126.
    O presente texto é uma tradução da Introdução redigida por Gianni Vattimo à sua tradução para o italiano do magnum opus de Hans-Georg Gadamer, Verdade e Método. A tradução de Vattimo da obra de Gadamer foi, dentre todas as línguas, a primeira a ser realizada, e contou com a assistência do próprio autor em questões pertinentes ao processo tradutivo. Devido à primazia e à notória importância de tal tradução, sua Introdução,publicada originalmente em 1972, possui relevante mérito, constituindo verdadeiro marco nos (...)
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  8. From Deconstruction to Rehabilitation: Heidegger, Gadamer, and Modernity.David Liakos - 2019 - Dissertation, University of New Mexico
    This dissertation is a study of the problem of modernity, formulated as the following multivalent question: How should we understand the scope, character, and limitations of our historical age? The study approaches this question from the point of view of Martin Heidegger and Hans-Georg Gadamer. We will, first, clarify how Heidegger and Gadamer think about modernity, thereby shedding light on their widely misunderstood intellectual relationship; and, next, uncover and defend a distinctively Gadamerian response to modernity as a viable argument, and (...)
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  9. Another Beginning? Heidegger, Gadamer, and Postmodernity.David Liakos - 2019 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (1):221-238.
    Martin Heidegger’s critique of modernity, and his vision of what may come after it, constitutes a sustained argument across the arc of his career. Does Hans-Georg Gadamer follow Heidegger’s path of making possible “another beginning” after the modern age? In this article, I show that, in contrast to Heidegger, Gadamer cultivates modernity’s hidden resources. We can gain insight into Gadamer’s difference from Heidegger on this fundamental point with reference to his ambivalence toward and departure from two of Heidegger’s touchstones for (...)
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  10. Heritage and Hermeneutics: Towards a Broader Interpretation of Interpretation.Phillip Ablett & Pamela Dyer - 2009 - Current Issues in Tourism 12 (3):209-233.
    This article re-examines the theoretical basis for environmental and heritage interpretation in tourist settings in the light of hermeneutic philosophy. It notes that the pioneering vision of heritage interpretation formulated by Freeman Tilden envisaged a broadly educational, ethically informed and transformative art. By contrast, current cognitive psychological attempts to reduce interpretation to the monological transmission of information, targeting universal but individuated cognitive structures, are found to be wanting. Despite growing signs of diversity, this information processing approach to interpretation remains dominant. (...)
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  11. Gadamer and Levinas on Concepts of Culture.Dimitry Mentuz - 2017 - In Social Sciences in Modern World. vol. 2 (2). Moscow, Russia: Internauka. pp. 88-97.
    In this work, I have compared the views of Hans Georg Gadamer and Emmanuel Levinas on various concepts of culture and understanding of the ‘man’ within the framework of Western civilization with the help of three of their essays. In two lectures of Gadamer—‘Culture and Peace’, delivered at Salzburg in 1980, and ‘Man and His Hand in Modern Civilization’, delivered in Munich in 1978—and several essays by Emmanuel Levinas such as ‘The Philosophical Determination of the Idea of Culture’ (1983). If (...)
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  12. The Idea of Knowledge and its Evolution in Modern Discourse.Dimitry Mentuz - 2019 - Ottawa: Accent Graphics Communications & Publishing.
    This study conducts an epistemological and contextual discourse analysis of the idea of knowledge in the philosophy of the 20th century. The main key stones of this work are as follows: the identification of the essential characteristics indicating the ontological genesis of the existing crisis of epistemological and ethical foundations; consideration of the main distinctive features of knowledge interpretation in epistemology and contextualism as a possible knowledge production instrument; study of the possibility of restoring an integral picture of the world (...)
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  13. Empty Selves and Multiple Belonging: Gadamer and Nagarjuna on Religious Identity’s Hidden Plurality.J. R. Hustwit - 2016 - Open Theology 3:107-116.
    The reaction to multiple religious belonging has been fraught with anxiety in the monotheistic traditions. Nevertheless, increasing numbers of people report belonging to multiple religions. I propose that it is most useful to think of multiple religious belonging not so much as an expression of choice, but just the opposite. Multiple religious belonging is best explained as the ontological condition of two or more religious traditions constituting the self, so that the self’s possibilities are constrained by those religions. Furthermore, I (...)
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  14. Hans-Georg Gadamer.J. R. Hustwit - 2017 - In Philip Goodchild & Hollis Phelps (eds.), Religion and European Philosophy: Key Thinkers from Kant to Zizek. New York, NY, USA: pp. 278-293.
    Originally, hermeneutics was applied only to particularly unclear portions of legal, religious, and classical texts. However, since the 18th century, hermeneutics has gradually broadened in scope. By the latter half of the 20th century, hermeneutic philosophers had claimed all human understanding as their domain—the activity of the mind was pervasively interpretive. This universalisation is largely due to the influence of Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002), whose development of philosophical hermeneutics established interpretation as a fundamental category in studies of knowledge, perception, and textual (...)
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  15. A Hermeneutical Reading to Postcolonial Literature.Laila Bouziane - 2019 - The International Human Sciences Review 1 (1):29-37.
    Hans-Georg Gadamer has consistently advocated the idea of understanding as a form of “fusion of horizons” that implies the important and active role of each part of a cross-cultural encounter. This paper proposes philosophical hermeneutics as an alternative way of reading of postcolonial literature. E.M. Foster’s A Passage to India and Tayeb Salih’s Season of Migration to the North, are postcolonial literary examples of diversity and otherness which are analyzed in the light of the hermeneutical concept of “fusion of horizons”. (...)
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