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Summary Autonomy has played a role in moral and political thought throughout the modern era.  Immanuel Kant is perhaps only the most important historical thinker to contribute to its prominence.  The history of philosophy--from ancient philosophy forward--is full of discussions relevant to understanding autonomy and its roles.
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  1. added 2020-02-08
    Kant and the Fate of Autonomy: Problems in the Appropriation of the Critical Philosophy.Paul Guyer - 2003 - Mind 112 (445):87-94.
  2. added 2019-12-22
    End in Itself, Freedom, and Autonomy: The Place of the “Naturrecht Feyerabend” in Kant’s Moral Rationalism.Stefano Bacin - 2020 - In Margit Ruffing, Annika Schlitte & Gianluca Sadun Bordoni (eds.), Kants “Naturrecht Feyerabend”: Analysen und Perspektiven. Berlin-Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 91–115.
    The chapter deals with the two most distinctive elements of the Introduction of the Naturrecht Feyerabend, namely the notions of an end in itself and autonomy. I shall argue that both are to be interpreted with regard to the aim of explaining the ground of right. In this light, I suggest that the notion of an end in itself counters a voluntarist conception like Achenwall’s with a claim whose necessity has a twofold ground: First, the representation of an unconditional worth (...)
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  3. added 2019-11-25
    Paradoxien der Autonomie. Freiheit Und Gesetz I.Thomas Khurana & Christoph Menke (eds.) - 2019, 2nd ed. - Berlin, Germany: August Verlag.
    Der Gedanke, der sich in der modernen Idee der Autonomie verdichtet, ist ein doppelter: Die Figur der Autonomie enthält zugleich eine neue Auffassung von Normativität und eine eigene Konzeption von Freiheit. Dem Gedanken der Autonomie zufolge ist ein Gesetz, das wahrhaft normativ ist, eines, als dessen Urheber wir uns selbst betrachten können; und eine Freiheit, die im vollen Sinne wirklich ist, drückt sich in Gestalt eben solcher selbstgegebener Gesetze aus. Die Idee der Autonomie artikuliert so die Einsicht, dass man Freiheit (...)
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  4. added 2019-09-18
    Philosophy and the Problems of Work: A Reader.Kory P. Schaff (ed.) - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Philosophy and the Problems of Work brings together for the first time important philosophical perspectives on the subject of labor and work. Ranging from selections by historical figures such as Plato, Rousseau, Smith and Marx to contemporary debates in political theory and philosophy of economics, the reader covers a variety of viewpoints across both analytical and Continental traditions, including ancient and modern thinkers, classical and welfare liberals, Marxists, anarchists and feminists.
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  5. added 2019-06-07
    Autonomie als Aufgabe. Hermann Cohens kritischer Idealismus und sein Beitrag zur Diskussion der Gegenwart.Andrea Esser - 2011 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 59 (2):227-247.
    The concept of autonomy was and still is one of the central notions of practical philosophy. The current discussion often identifies autonomy with free or rational self-determination of a person. But a person must always be seen as being integrated in social and institutional contexts. Therefore the concept of autonomy has to be developed from an integrative perspective which includes both perspectives: the individual and the institutional one. Moreover, this integration cannot be constituted by shared affects and feeling of individuals, (...)
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  6. added 2019-06-07
    Tonische Bewegung, Energie Und Ratio: Georg Ernst Stahls Agentenmodell des ,,Organismus" Und Die Kategorielle Differenz Zwischen Lebendigem Und Unlebendigem.Tobias Cheung - 2007 - Early Science and Medicine 12 (4):337-375.
    This essay focuses on the structure of agency in Georg Ernst Stahl's model of organic order and the role that it plays for the difference between living and non-living beings in the discourses of medicine and natural history around 1700. Stahl calls the order of organic beings an "organism". He characterizes the "organism" through the notions of tonic movement, energy and ratio. The tonic movement is a mechanism of contraction and relaxation of organic units to direct fluids to certain parts (...)
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  7. added 2019-06-06
    Katerina Deligiorgi, The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom, Oxford University Press. [REVIEW]Jeppe Von Platz - 2014 - Mind 123 (491):886-891.
  8. added 2019-06-06
    I—Ethics of Substance.Amber D. Carpenter - 2014 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):145-167.
    Aristotle bequeathed to us a powerful metaphysical picture, of substances in which properties inhere. The picture has turned out to be highly problematic in many ways; but it is nevertheless a picture not easy to dislodge. Less obvious are the normative tones implicit in the picture and the way these permeate our system of values, especially when thinking of ourselves and our ambitions, hopes and fears. These have proved, if anything, even harder to dislodge than the metaphysical picture which supports (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    Julian's Christology and Lyotard's Sublime: A Dialogue on the Cusp of Knowability.Bradford W. Manderfield - 2013 - Philosophy and Theology 25 (2):181-198.
    This work initiates a dialogue between pre-enlightenment mystic Julian of Norwich and post-modern philosopher Jean-Francois Lyotard. The first section of this paper gives an account of the post-modern subject for Lyotard and of how he renews the “unknown” and the “un-mastered,” in opposition to Kant’s autonomous subject. The second section shows the outer and inner strata of Julian’s treatise. The outer portion evidences the paradigm shift that places Julian’s reflections more prominently within Lyotard’s configuration of the sublime. The inner section (...)
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  10. added 2019-06-06
    Beyond Tocqueville: A Plea to Stop “Taking Religion Seriously”: James Chappel.James Chappel - 2013 - Modern Intellectual History 10 (3):697-708.
    We have all heard the admonition to “take religion seriously.” It is a perplexing command, since AHA statistics indicate that graduate students have been flocking to religious topics for years. Library shelves groan under the weight of recent works that take religion seriously. What, then, might it mean to take religion more seriously, as it has been such a booming academic field for decades now? As Elizabeth Pritchard has pointed out, the imperative is not a methodological recommendation at all, but (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    From Jena to Copenhagen: Kierkegaard's Relations to German Idealism and the Critique of Autonomy in the Sickness Unto Death: Samuel Loncar.Samuel Loncar - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (2):201-216.
    This article seeks to demonstrate the influence of J. G. Fichte's philosophy on Søren Kierkegaard's theory of the self as he develops it in The Sickness unto Death and to interpret his theory of the self as a religious critique of autonomy. Following Michelle Kosch, it argues that Kierkegaard's theory of the self was developed in part as a critique of idealist conceptions of agency. Moreover, Kierkegaard's view of agency provides a powerful way of understanding human freedom and finitude that (...)
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    Kant and the Limits of Autonomy, by Susan Meld Shell. Cambridge, MA, and London: Harvard University Press, 2009. Pp. Viii, 434. ISBN 978-0-674-03333-7. $55.00. [REVIEW]Paul Guyer - 2010 - Kantian Review 15 (2):138-147.
  13. added 2019-06-06
    Hannah Arendt lectora de Kant.Paula Hunziker - 2010 - Dois Pontos 7 (4).
    The present investigation, centered in Hannah Arendt´s thinking is oriented to show the importance that has her reflection on the totalitarian phenomenon for analyzing some of the contexts and tensions in the late assimilation of Kant´s philosophy – especially his Kritik der Urteilskraft- during the sixties and the seventies. This not imply to ignore certain displacementes with respect the evolution of this subject in the work of our authoress, but rather than they are given inside a continuum. According to this, (...)
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  14. added 2019-06-06
    Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory, by Andrews Reath. [REVIEW]Sylvie Loriaux - 2010 - Kantian Review 14 (2):149-151.
    Andrews Reath presents a selection of his best essays on various features of Kant's moral psychology and moral theory, with particular emphasis on his conception of rational agency and his conception of autonomy. The opening essays explore different elements of Kant's views about motivation, including his account of respect for morality as the distinctive moral motive and his view of the principle of happiness as a representation of the shared structure of non-moral choice. These essays stress the unityof Kant's moral (...)
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    Autonomia, construtivismo e razão pública: Rawls leitor de Kant.Rúrion Melo - 2010 - Dois Pontos 7 (4).
    Com a finalidade de refletir sobre a reatualização de autores clássicos da filosofia como forma de se enfrentar os desafios contemporâneos da democracia e do pensamento político, o artigo pretende apresentar a interpretação feita por John Rawls de aspectos da filosofia prática de Kant. Três conceitos são particularmente importantes nessa articulação entre a filosofia kantiana e o projeto rawlsiano de justificação normativa do liberalismo político: a concepção de pessoas morais autônomas, a fundamentação normativa ancorada em um procedimento de construção de (...)
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  16. added 2019-06-06
    Between Autonomy and Authority: Kant on the Epistemic Status of Testimony.Joseph Shieber - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (2):327-348.
  17. added 2019-06-06
    Review: Andrews Reath: Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory. [REVIEW]Mark Timmons - 2008 - Mind 117 (467):722-727.
  18. added 2019-06-06
    Writing the Self: Ethical Self‐Formation and the Undefined Work of Freedom.John Ambrosio - 2008 - Educational Theory 58 (3):251-267.
    In this essay, John Ambrosio examines the role of ascetic writing practices in Michel Foucault’s conception of ethical self‐formation. Ambrosio argues for an interpretation of Foucault’s later writings as representative of both an extension, and a dramatic break, from his previous writings — from demolishing the subject to embracing the notion of an autonomous and reflexive subject. Ambrosio further contends that Foucault’s notion of ethical self‐formation cannot be divorced from his genealogical method, and that his primary preoccupation near the end (...)
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  19. added 2019-06-06
    Honesty and Intimacy in Kant’s Duty of Friendship.Patricia C. Flynn - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (4):417-424.
    The relationship between intimacy and honesty seems a paradoxical one. While intimate relationships would seem to demand a high level of honesty, this same intimacy might make us more likely to shield the other or protect ourselves through benevolent lying or the withholding of information. It would seem that honesty may not always be the best policy in intimate relationships. The purpose of this article is to examine the tension between honesty and intimacy in Kant’s duty of friendship, and it (...)
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  20. added 2019-06-06
    Grace and the New Man: Conscious Humiliation and the Revolution of Disposition in Kant’s Religion.Joshua Schulz - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):439-446.
    Kant’s discussion of radical evil and moral regeneration in Religion Within the Bounds of Reason Alone raises numerous moral and metaphysical problems.If the ground of one’s disposition does not lie in time, as Kant argues, how can it be reformed, as the moral law commands? If divine aid is necessary for thisimpossible reformation, how does this not destroy a person’s moral personality by bypassing her freedom? This paper argues that these problems can be resolved by showing how Kant can conceive (...)
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    The Making of the Modern Subject: A Cross‐Cultural Analysis.Guoping Zhao - 2007 - Educational Theory 57 (1):75-88.
    The postmodern critique of modernity has focused on the construction of the modern subject and the self‐disciplining and self‐cancellation tendencies within it. This critique, however, fails to consider what happens during the early years of children’s development — the period during which the modern subject is made, and the one in which the paradoxes and ambiguities inherent in modern subjectivity are established. In this essay Guoping Zhao analyzes how children’s developmental process affects the definition and formation of the self in (...)
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  22. added 2019-06-06
    New Essays on the History of Autonomy: A Collection Honouring J. B. Schneewind, Edited by Natalie Brender and Larry Krasnoff, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, ISBN 978-0-5218-2835-2. [REVIEW]Renato Cristi - 2007 - Kantian Review 12 (1):159-162.
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  23. added 2019-06-06
    The Obligated Subject: A Comparative Study of the Ethical Theories of Kant and Levinas.Stephen Minister - 2007 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 14 (2):143-152.
    In recent years, a growing number of thinkers have criticized the use of human rights as an international standard. It is the thesis of this essay that by addressing these critics from a Levinasian ethical framework, rather than a Kantian one, we can formulate a conception of human rights that is viable for a pluralistic, international community. Though Levinas’s ethics retains an affinity to Kant’s, the divergence of Levinas’s theory from Kant’s on the issues of autonomy/heteronomy and the role of (...)
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  24. added 2019-06-06
    Aristotle, Autonomy and the Explanation of Behaviour.Carlos Herrera Pérez & Tom Ziemke - 2007 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 15 (3):547-571.
    This paper examines Aristotle's notion of autonomy and its implication for the mechanicism/autonomy debate. We introduce the basic principles of Aristotle's scientific framework, including his theory of four causes for the explanation of nature. We draw parallels between these notions of autonomy and causation and autopoietic theory, dynamical systems and robotics, suggesting that they may be compatible with Aristotle's framework. We argue that understanding the problem of design of autonomous robots may benefit from the consideration of integration of Aristotle's causes, (...)
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  25. added 2019-06-06
    Choosing Not to Marry: Women and Autonomy in the Katherine Group. Julie Hassel.Elizabeth Robertson - 2005 - Speculum 80 (1):236-238.
  26. added 2019-06-06
    Kant and Moral Imputation: Conscience and the Riddle of the Given.Jason J. Howard - 2004 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 78 (4):609-627.
    This article examines a largely neglected theme in Kant scholarship, which concerns the importance of conscience in understanding Kant’s account of moral imputation. It is my contention that conscience, contrary to many traditional interpretations of Kant, plays a central role in grasping the lived experience of moral agency insofar as it brings into light the burden that autonomy places upon us. When approached from this angle, Kant’s account of conscience, far from undermining the coherence of his position, actually bolsters it (...)
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  27. added 2019-06-06
    Should Freedom Be the Ground of Morality? Evaluating Hermann Cohen’s Account of the Foundation of Kantian Ethics.Kelly Coble - 2004 - Idealistic Studies 34 (2):181-197.
    Hermann Cohen’s early interpretation of Kant’s theory of freedom anticipates contemporary interpretations in denying that freedom signifies a literal metaphysical power. Cohen would have been critical, however, of the view popular among contemporary Kantians that the concept of autonomy can be justified by a direct appeal to the standpoint of the one who exercises and evaluates conscious moral choices. Cohen rejects Kant’s own strategy of appealing to the moral law as a “revelation” of freedom, undertaking a strictly transcendental derivation of (...)
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  28. added 2019-06-06
    Self-Governance in Aquinas and Pre-Modern Moral Philosophy.Anthony Thomas Flood - 2003 - Dissertation, The University of Oklahoma
    In this dissertation, I argue, contra J. B. Schneewind, that there is a rich Ancient and Medieval tradition up through Thomas Aquinas that prizes self-governance as a key to moral theory. Schneewind, in his The Invention of Autonomy, argues that prior to the modern period, moral theory was construed in terms of obedience. Moreover, the story of modern ethical thought is that of a gradual whittling away at the obedience-based conception of morality in favor of self-governance. ;I develop my argument (...)
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  29. added 2019-06-06
    Karl Ameriks: Kant and the Fate of Autonomy. [REVIEW]Ralf Meerbote - 2003 - Kant-Studien 94 (3):391-395.
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  30. added 2019-06-06
    The Kingdom of Ends as a Social Philosophy. [REVIEW]Catriona McKinnon - 2000 - Kantian Review 4:138-148.
  31. added 2019-06-06
    Quasi-Rights: Participatory Citizenship and Negative Liberties in Democratic Athens: Josiah Ober.Josiah Ober - 2000 - Social Philosophy and Policy 17 (1):27-61.
    The relationship between participatory democracy and constitutional liberalism is a famously troubled one. The purpose of this essay is to suggest that, at least under certain historical conditions, participatory democracy will indeed support the establishment of constitutional liberalism. That is to say, the development of institutions, behavioral habits, and social values centered on the active participation of free and equal citizens in democratic politics can lead to the extension of legally enforced immunities from coercion to citizens and noncitizens alike. Such (...)
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    The Invention of Autonomy. [REVIEW]John Marshall - 1999 - Hume Studies 25 (1/2):207-224.
    In J. B. Schneewind's The Invention of Autonomy we are given a monumental history of moral philosophy of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, a history more comprehensive and richer in detail than one would have thought possible in a single volume. Though the daunting erudition, agreeably unobtrusive, inspires confidence, it is Schneewind's gift of narrative that makes his book such a pleasure and his story so compelling. Schneewind originally conceived the book, he tells us, to "broaden our historical comprehension of (...)
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    Authority, Autonomy, Authenticity: An Etiological Understanding.Charles W. Harvey - 1997 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 4 (1/2):10-15.
    This essay attempts to understand the search for authenticity in terms of the breakdown of authority in the modern world. The sense of autonomy, I argue, emerges from the need to choose the authorities one will accept. The ever-increasing difficulty of choosing from among authorities is internalized and is experienced as a difficulty of choosing, or “finding” oneself. The shattered authorities on the outside become a fragmented self on the inside. The search for the authentic self, then, is the search (...)
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  34. added 2019-06-06
    Is Kant’s Rechtslehre Comprehensive?Thomas W. Pogge - 1997 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (Supplement):161-187.
    In contrast to his own "freestanding" liberalism, Rawls has characterized the liberalism of Kant's Rechtslehre as comprehensive, i.e., as dependent on Kant's teachings about good will and ethical autonomy or on his transcendental idealism. This characterization is not borne out by the text. Though Kant is indeed eager to show that his liberalism is entailed by his wider philosophical worldview, he is not committed to the converse, does not hold that his liberalism presupposes either his moral philosophy or his transcendental (...)
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  35. added 2019-06-06
    Authority and Autonomy in "L'Entrée d'Espagne.". Nancy Bradley-Cromey.Larry S. Crist - 1996 - Speculum 71 (3):699-702.
  36. added 2019-06-06
    Beyond Self-Interest and Altruism: A Reconstruction of Adam Smith's Theory of Human Conduct: Elias L. Khalil.Elias L. Khalil - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):255-273.
    I attempt a reconstruction of Adam Smith's view of human nature as explicated in The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Smith's view of human conduct is neither functionalist nor reductionist, but interactionist. The moral autonomy of the individual, conscience, is neither made a function of public approval nor reduced to self-contained impulses of altruism and egoism. Smith does not see human conduct as a blend of independently defined impulses. Rather, conduct is unified, by the underpinning sentiment of sympathy.
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  37. added 2019-06-06
    Fallen Freedom: Kant on Radical Evil and Moral Regeneration.Gordon E. MICHALSON - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this study Professor Michalson attempts to clarify the complex tangle of issues connected with Kant's doctrines of radical evil and moral regeneration, and to set the problems resulting from these doctrines in an interpretive framework that tries to make sense of the instability of his overall position. In his late work Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone, Kant charts out these doctrines in a manner that represents a fresh development in his own thinking on moral and relgious matters, (...)
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  38. added 2019-06-06
    More on Self-Enslavement and Paternalism in Mill: D. G. Brown.D. G. Brown - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (1):144-150.
  39. added 2019-06-06
    Motive and Obligation in the British Moralists*: STEPHEN L. DARWALL.Stephen L. Darwall - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (1):133-150.
    My aim in what follows is to sketch with a broad brush fundamental changes involving the concept of obligation in British ethics of the early modern period, as it developed in the direction of the view that obligatory force is a species of motivational force – an idea that deeply informs present thought. I shall also suggest, although I can hardly demonstrate it conclusively here, that one important source for this view was a doctrine which we associate with Kant, and (...)
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  40. added 2019-06-06
    Autonomy and Community: The Royal Manor of Havering, 1200–1500.Lorraine Attreed - 1989 - Speculum 64 (1):187-189.
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  41. added 2019-06-06
    Autonomy and Integrity in Kant’s Aesthetics.Paul Guyer - 1983 - The Monist 66 (2):167-188.
    “That the imagination should be both free and yet of itself conformable to law, that is, that it should carry autonomy with it, is a contradiction.” So Kant writes to express as a paradox the epistemological problem that the feeling on which an aesthetic judgment is based must be free of the constraint provided by determinate concepts, for otherwise there will be no reason why it should be pleasurable, yet must also be subject to some kind of rule, for otherwise (...)
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  42. added 2019-06-06
    The Autonomous Subject and the State of Reason. A Systematic-Historical Investigation on Fichte’s “Closed Commercial State” of 1800. [REVIEW]Hans J. Verweyen - 1981 - Philosophy and History 14 (1):58-60.
  43. added 2019-06-06
    Gerald N. Izenberg, "The Existential Critique of Freud: The Crisis of Autonomy". [REVIEW]Paul Frederic Schmidt - 1979 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (1):118.
  44. added 2019-06-06
    A. Levine, The Politics of Autonomy. A Kantian Reading of Rousseau's Social Contract.J. Kopper - 1978 - Kant-Studien 69 (1):116.
  45. added 2019-06-06
    The Existentialist Critique of Freud. The Crisis of Autonomy. [REVIEW]S. M. - 1977 - Review of Metaphysics 31 (2):320-322.
    As indicated by its subtitle, this examination of the existentialist critique of psychoanalysis is not only understood as a study in philosophical psychology; it is primarily intended to be a report about a phase of the recent history of European thought. Both Freud’s metapsychology and the existentialist philosophical and psychiatric opposition to the psychoanalytic philosophy of man are to be presented as expressions of the crisis of Continental rationalism.
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  46. added 2019-06-06
    Ecce Homo.Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche & Raoul Richter - 1908 - Insel-Verlag.
    Published posthumously in 1908, Ecce Homo was written in 1888 and completed just a few weeks before Nietzsche’s complete mental collapse. Its outrageously egotistical review of the philosopher’s life and works—featuring chapters called Why I Am So Wise and Why I Write Such Good Books—are redeemed from mere arrogance by masterful language and ever-relevant ideas. In addition to settling scores with his many personal and philosophical enemies, Nietzsche emphasizes the importance of questioning traditional morality, establishing autonomy, and making a commitment (...)
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  47. added 2019-06-05
    Rousseau on the Ground of Obligation: Reconsidering the Social Autonomy Interpretation.Rafeeq Hasan - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 17 (2):233-243.
    In Rousseau’s Social Contract, political laws are rationally binding because they satisfy the interests that motivate individuals to obey such laws. The later books of Emile justify morality by showing that it is continuous with the natural dispositions of a well-brought-up subject and is thus conducive to genuine happiness. In both the moral and political cases, Rousseau argues for an internal connection between the rational ground of an obligation and the broader aspects of human psychology that are satisfied and expressed (...)
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  48. added 2019-06-05
    Making Ourselves Intelligible—Rendering Ourselves Efficacious and Autonomous, Without Fixed Ends. Roth - 2014 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 48 (3):28.
    Paul Guyer’s reading of the work by Stanley Cavell and Immanuel Kant on moral perfectionism is, I think, insightful, valuable and sympathetic, and his critique of Stanley Cavell is nuanced and considerate. He argues in “Examples of Perfectionism,” the previous article in this journal, that “Kant offers a fuller example of what Stanley Cavell calls Emersonian perfectionism, … than Cavell himself has recognized even in his most sympathetic account of Kant” (5). Guyer argues, moreover, “that there is a deep affinity (...)
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  49. added 2019-06-05
    Book Review: Spinoza on Human Freedom: Reason, Autonomy and the Good LifeSpinoza on Human Freedom: Reason, Autonomy and the Good Life, by KisnerMatthew J.Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2011, 274 Pp. [REVIEW]Christopher Skeaff - 2012 - Political Theory 40 (4):531-535.
  50. added 2019-06-05
    Die „consequente Denkungsart der speculativen Kritik“.Bernd Ludwig - 2010 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 58 (4):595-628.
    In his critical writings before 1786 Kant argues that trans¬cendental freedom is a problem for speculative philosophy – and that this problem was solved satisfyingly in 1781 by his own Transcendental Idealism. In the Groundwork, 1785, after having linked the moral law inseparably to transcendental freedom by his discovery of autonomy, Kant claimed that the moral law can be deduced from freedom thus established. But in May 1786 he was persuaded by a review-article that his 1781/85-deduction of freedom was incompatible (...)
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