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1 — 50 / 275
  1. added 2020-02-12
    The Chemical Philosophy of Robert Boyle: Mechanicism, Chymical Atoms, and Emergence.Marina P. Banchetti - forthcoming - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    This book examines the way in which Robert Boyle seeks to accommodate his complex chemical philosophy within the framework of a mechanistic theory of matter. More specifically, the book proposes that Boyle regards chemical qualities as properties that emerged from the mechanistic structure of chymical atoms. Within Boyle’s chemical ontology, chymical atoms are structured concretions of particles that Boyle regards as chemically elementary entities, that is, as chemical wholes that resist experimental analysis. Although this interpretation of Boyle’s chemical philosophy has (...)
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  2. added 2020-02-12
    The Function of Microstructure in Boyle’s Chemical Philosophy: ‘Chymical Atoms' and Structural Explanation.Marina Banchetti-Robino - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (1):51-59.
    One of several important issues that inform contemporary philosophy of chemistry is the issue of structural explanation, precisely because modern chemistry is primarily concerned with microstructure. This paper argues that concern over microstructure, albeit understood differently than it is today, also informs the chemical philosophy of Robert Boyle. According to Boyle, the specific microstructure of ‘chymical atoms’, understood in geometric terms, accounts for the unique essential properties of different chemical substances. Because he considers the microstructure of ‘chymical atoms’ as semi-permanent, (...)
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  3. added 2019-12-20
    Pere Grapí, Inspiring Air: A History of Air-Related Science. Wilmington: Vernon Press, 2019. Pp. Ix + 352. ISBN 1-62273-738-5. £44.00. [REVIEW]Nicholas Danne - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Science 52 (4):717-719.
    Greatly detailed history of design changes of the eudiometer; unfortunately the annotation on many diagrams is illegible.
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  4. added 2019-12-06
    The Artificial Cell, the Semipermeable Membrane, and the Life That Never Was, 1864–1901.Daniel Liu - 2019 - Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences 49 (5):504-555.
    Since the early nineteenth century a membrane or wall has been cenptral to the cell’s identity as the elementary unit of life. Yet the literally and metaphorically marginal status of the cell membrane made it the site of clashes over the definition of life and the proper way to study it. In this article I show how the modern cell membrane was conceived of by analogy to the first “artificial cell,” invented in 1864 by the chemist Moritz Traube (1826–1894), and (...)
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  5. added 2019-10-04
    Reporting the discovery of new chemical elements: working in different worlds, only 25 years apart.K. Brad Wray & Line Edslev Andersen - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-10.
    In his account of scientific revolutions, Thomas Kuhn suggests that after a revolutionary change of theory, it is as if scientists are working in a different world. In this paper, we aim to show that the notion of world change is insightful. We contrast the reporting of the discovery of neon in 1898 with the discovery of hafnium in 1923. The one discovery was made when elements were identified by their atomic weight; the other discovery was made after scientists came (...)
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  6. added 2019-09-26
    Herman Boerhaave—Communis Europae Praeceptor.Endla Lõhkivi - 2001 - In Rein Vihalemm (ed.), Estonian Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht, NL, Boston, USA, London, UK: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 139--150.
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  7. added 2019-07-02
    The Physical Tourist: A Glasgow Heritage Tour.Sean F. Johnston - 2006 - Physics in Perspective 8:451-465.
  8. added 2019-06-10
    The Instrument of Science: Scientific Anti-Realism Revitalised.Darrell P. Rowbottom - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    Roughly, instrumentalism is the view that science is primarily, and should primarily be, an instrument for furthering our practical ends. It has fallen out of favour because historically influential variants of the view, such as logical positivism, suffered from serious defects. -/- In this book, however, Darrell P. Rowbottom develops a new form of instrumentalism, which is more sophisticated and resilient than its predecessors. This position—‘cognitive instrumentalism’—involves three core theses. First, science makes theoretical progress primarily when it furnishes us with (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-07
    D ANIELLE F AUQUE , Lavoisier et la naissance de la chimie moderne. Paris: Vuibert, 2003. Pp. 233. ISBN 2-7117-5353-0. No price given. [REVIEW]Maurice Crosland - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (3):371-371.
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  10. added 2019-06-07
    Revue d'Histoire des Sciences, Volume 48, Parts 1 and 2: Débats Et Chantiers Actuels Autour de Lavoisier Et la Révolution Chimique. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1995. Pp. 230. ISBN 2-13-046972-8. ISSN 0151-4105. Subscription: 510 F Per Annum Outside France. [REVIEW]Maurice Crosland - 1996 - British Journal for the History of Science 29 (4):481-482.
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    Lawrence M. Principe , Chymists and Chymistry: Studies in the History of Alchemy and Early Modern Chemistry. Sagamore Beach, MA: Science History Publications/USA, 2007. Pp. Xiii+274. ISBN 978-0-88135-396-9. $45.00 .Anna Marie Roos, The Salt of the Earth: Natural Philosophy, Medicine, and Chymistry in England, 1650–1750. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2007. Pp. Xvi+293. ISBN 978-90-04-16176-4. $129.00. [REVIEW]Pamela Smith - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (1):130.
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    Substantial Confusion.Robin Findlay Hendry - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (2):322-336.
    In this paper I defend, against Eric Scerri’s objections, the following theses: that Lavoisier and Mendeleev shared a ‘core conception’ of chemical element, and that this core conception underwrites referential continuity in the names of particular elements.Keywords: Antoine Lavoisier; Dmitri Mendeleev; Chemical elements; Substance; Natural kinds; Reference.
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  13. added 2019-06-06
    Emmanuel Grison, Michelle Goupil and Patrice Bret , A Scientific Correspondence During the Chemical Revolution: Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau and Richard Kirwan, 1782–1802. Berkeley Papers in History of Science, 17. Berkeley: Office for History of Science and Technology, University of California at Berkeley, 1995. Pp. Vi + 257. ISBN 0-918102-21-9. $10.00. [REVIEW]Maurice Crosland - 1996 - British Journal for the History of Science 29 (1):98-99.
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  14. added 2019-06-06
    Arthur Donovan, Antoine Lavoisier: Science, Administration and Revolution. Blackwell Science Biographies. Oxford: Blackwell, 1993. Pp. Xv + 351. ISBN 0-631-17887-2. £35.00, $29.95. [REVIEW]Maurice Crosland - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Science 28 (1):111-112.
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    Jean-Pierre Poirier, Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier 1743–1794. Paris: Pygmalion/Gérard Watelet, 1993. Pp. Xii + 545. ISBN 2-85704-384-8. 178FF. [REVIEW]Maurice Crosland - 1994 - British Journal for the History of Science 27 (1):118-118.
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  16. added 2019-06-06
    Essay Review: Writing the History of Chemistry, the Fontana History of Chemistry.David Knight - 1993 - History of Science 31 (3):329-334.
  17. added 2019-06-06
    William H. Brock, The Fontana History of Chemistry. London: Fontana, 1992, Pp. Xxiii + 744. ISBN 0-00-686173-3. £8.99.John Mcevoy - 1993 - British Journal for the History of Science 26 (3):351-353.
  18. added 2019-06-06
    Arthur Donovan . The Chemical Revolution. Essays in Reinterpretation. Osiris, 2nd Series, Vol. Iv . Pp. 236. Philadelphia: History of Science Society, University of Pennsylvania. ISBN 0-934235-11-2. $15. [REVIEW]Maurice Crosland - 1989 - British Journal for the History of Science 22 (4):458-459.
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  19. added 2019-06-06
    Frederic Lawrence Holmes. Lavoisier and the Chemistry of Life. An Exploration of Scientific Creativity. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985. Pp. Xxiv + 565. ISBN 0-299-09980. £36.60. [REVIEW]N. Coley - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (1):85-86.
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  20. added 2019-06-06
    Alan J. Rocke, Chemical Atomism in the Nineteenth Century: From Dalton to Cannizzaro. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1984. Pp. Xviii + 386. ISBN 0-8142-0360-4. $27.50. [REVIEW]W. H. Brock - 1985 - British Journal for the History of Science 18 (3):345-347.
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries Radioactivity and Atomic Theory. Presenting Facsimile Reproduction of the Annual Reports on Radioactivity 1904–1920 to the Chemical Society. By Frederick Soddy, F.R.S. Ed. With Commentary by Thaddeus J. Trenn. London: Taylor & Francis, 1975. Pp. Xv + 517. £12·00. [REVIEW]S. B. Sinclair - 1977 - British Journal for the History of Science 10 (2):182-182.
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  22. added 2019-06-06
    The Nineteenth-Century Atomic Debates and the Dilemma of an 'Indifferent Hypothesis'.Mary Jo Nye - 1976 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 7 (3):245.
  23. added 2019-06-06
    Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries Affinity and Matter. Elements of Chemical Philosophy 1800–1865. By Trevor H. Levere. Oxford: Clarendon Press: Oxford University Press, 1971. Pp. Xvii + 230. £4.50. [REVIEW]John Brooke - 1973 - British Journal for the History of Science 6 (3):329-330.
  24. added 2019-06-06
    Nineteenth Century John Dalton and the Atomic Theory. By Elizabeth C. Patterson. New York: Doubleday. 1970. Pp. Viii + 348. Illustr. $6.95. [REVIEW]W. V. Farrar - 1971 - British Journal for the History of Science 5 (3):313-314.
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  25. added 2019-06-06
    History of Chemistry An Essay on Phlogiston and the Constitution of Acids. By R. Kirwan. Pp. Xxiii + 317 + Index. London: F. Cass. [1789]. 1968. 90s. [REVIEW]Maurice Crosland - 1969 - British Journal for the History of Science 4 (3):293-293.
  26. added 2019-06-06
    Thomson Before Dalton Thomas Thomson's Considerations of the Issue of Combining Weight Proportions Prior to His Acceptance of Dalton's Chemical Atomic Theory.Seymour H. Mauskopf - 1969 - Annals of Science 25 (3):229-242.
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  27. added 2019-06-06
    History of Chemistry History of Analytical Chemistry. By Ferenc Szabadváry, Tr. Gyula Svehla. Pp. Ix + 418. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 1966. £6. [REVIEW]D. M. Knight - 1967 - British Journal for the History of Science 3 (4):402-402.
  28. added 2019-06-06
    John Dalton and the Atom. By Frank Greenaway. London: Heinemann. Pp. X + 244. 1966. 42s.Arnold Thackray - 1967 - British Journal for the History of Science 3 (3):300-301.
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  29. added 2019-06-06
    John Dalton. 1766–1844. A Bibliography of Works by and About Him. By A. L. Smyth. Pp. Xvi + 114. Manchester University Press, 1966. 42s. [REVIEW]Arnold Thackray - 1966 - British Journal for the History of Science 3 (2):194-194.
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  30. added 2019-06-06
    The Epistemological Status of the Chemical Concept of Element.F. A. Paneth - 1962 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (50):144-160.
    This article is a translation into english of a lecture given by paneth in 1931. The content of the work is described by the section titles: (1) the need for epistemological clarification of the fundamental concepts of chemistry, (2) the concept of substance in chemistry, (3) the epistemological standpoint of the ancient atomists, (4) the epistemological position of the concept of element introduced by lavoisier, (5) the double meaning of the chemical concept of element: 'basic substance' and 'simple substance', And (...)
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  31. added 2019-06-05
    On the History and Prehistory of CO 2.Jens Soentgen - 2010 - Foundations of Chemistry 12 (2):137-148.
    I will trace the little known prehistory and parts of the better known history of CO 2 by investigating some of the names it has been given from Antiquity to the present day. In Antiquity, the words pneuma or spiritus letalis designated both a supernatural force and an exhalation that emanated from certain caves. We will see how CO 2 gradually came to be regarded as something natural, a gas and then substance.
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  32. added 2019-06-05
    Pedro Gutiérrez Bueno’s Textbooks: Audiences, Teaching Practices and Chemical Revolution.José Ramón Bertomeu Sánchez & Antonio García Belmar - 2006 - Science & Education 15 (7-8):693-712.
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  33. added 2019-05-30
    Heads and Tails: Molecular Imagination and the Lipid Bilayer, 1917–1941.Daniel Liu - 2018 - In Karl Matlin, Jane Maienschein & Manfred Laubichler (eds.), Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry's General Cytology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 209-245.
    Today, the lipid bilayer structure is nearly ubiquitous, taken for granted in even the most rudimentary introductions to cell biology. Yet the image of the lipid bilayer, built out of with lipids with heads and tails, went from having obscure origins deep in colloid chemical theory in 1924 to being “obvious to any competent physical chemist” by 1935. This chapter examines how this schematic, strictly heuristic explanation of the idea of molecular orientation was developed within colloid physical chemistry, and how (...)
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  34. added 2019-02-20
    Boyle, Spinoza and Glauber: On the Philosophical Redintegration of Saltpeter A Reply to Antonio Clericuzio.Filip A. A. Buyse - manuscript
    Traditionally, the so-called ‘redintegration experiment’ is at the center of the comments on the supposed Boyle/Spinoza correspondence. A. Clericuzio argued (refuting the interpretation by R.A. & M.B. Hall) in his influential publications that, in De nitro, Boyle accounted for the ‘redintegration’ of saltpeter on the grounds of the chemical properties of corpuscles and did not make any attempt to deduce them from the mechanical principles. By contrast, this paper claims that with his De nitro Boyle wanted to illustrate and promote (...)
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  35. added 2019-02-01
    Chemical Dissolution and Kant’s Critical Theory of Nature.Michael Bennett McNulty - 2018 - Kant-Studien 109 (4):537-556.
    Kant conceives of chemical dissolutions as involving the infinite division and subsequent blending of solvent and solute. In the resulting continuous solution, every subvolume contains a uniform proportion of each reactant. Erich Adickes argues that this account stands in tension with other aspects of Kant’s Critical philosophy and his views on infinity. I argue that although careful analysis of Kant’s conception of dissolution addresses Adickes’ objections, the infinite division inherent to the process is beyond our human cognition, for Kant. Nevertheless, (...)
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  36. added 2018-09-06
    What to Make of Mendeleev’s Predictions?K. Wray - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (2):139-143.
    I critically examine Stewart’s suggestion that we should weigh the various predictions Mendeleev made differently. I argue that in his effort to justify discounting the weight of some of Mendeleev’s failures, Stewart invokes a principle that will, in turn, reduce the weight of some of the successful predictions Mendeleev made. So Stewart’s strategy will not necessarily lead to a net gain in Mendeleev’s favor.
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  37. added 2018-08-19
    Kuhn, the History of Chemistry, and the Philosophy of Science.K. Brad Wray - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):75-92.
    I draw attention to one of the most important sources of Kuhn’s ideas in Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Contrary to the popular trend of focusing on external factors in explaining Kuhn’s views, factors related to his social milieu or personal experiences, I focus on the influence of the books and articles he was reading and thinking about in the history of science, specifically, sources in the history of chemistry. I argue that there is good reason to think that the history (...)
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  38. added 2018-06-07
    A Defense of the Suppositionalist View of Hypothetical Entities.Jonathon Daniel Hricko - 2013 - Dissertation,
    When scientists put forward hypotheses, they sometimes involve new kinds of entities, which we can call 'hypothetical entities.' Hypothetical entities are pervasive in the sciences, and some examples include caloric and, up until very recently, the Higgs boson. Some hypothetical entities are discovered, as was the case with the Higgs boson, while scientists conclude that others, like caloric, do not exist. Hypothetical entities pose a number of important challenges for the philosophy of science, and my goal is to develop and (...)
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  39. added 2018-02-24
    Il neoplatonismo nell'ontologia chimica di Jan Baptista van Helmont.Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino - 2017 - In Il minimo, l’unità, e l’universo infinito nella cosmologia vitalistica di Giordano Bruno. Milano: Limina Mentis.
  40. added 2018-02-24
    Guest Editor: Foundations of Chemistry (Special Issue).Marina P. Banchetti - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (1).
  41. added 2017-11-05
    Atoms, Molecules, and Linus Pauling.Judith Goodstein - 1984 - Social Research 51.
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  42. added 2017-10-09
    What is Chemistry, for Kant?Michael Bennett McNulty - 2017 - Kant Yearbook 9 (1):85-112.
    Kant’s preoccupation with architectonics is a characteristic and noteworthy aspect of his thought. Various features of Kant’s argumentation and philosophical system are founded on the precise definitions of the various subdomains of human knowledge and the derivative borders among them. One science conspicuously absent from Kant’s routine discussions of the organization of knowledge is chemistry. Whereas sciences such as physics, psychology, and anthropology are all explicitly located in the architectonic, chemistry finds no such place. In this paper, I examine neglected (...)
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  43. added 2017-09-22
    Amedeo Avogadro. [REVIEW]W. Brock - 1986 - British Journal for the History of Science 19 (2):205-206.
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  44. added 2017-09-20
    Primordial Alchemy & Modern Religion: Essays on Traditional Cosmology.R. Blackhirst - 2008 - Sophia Perennis.
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  45. added 2017-07-04
    A Letter From Berthollet to Blagden Relating to the Experiments for a Large-Scale Synthesis of Water Carried Out by Lavoisier and Meusnier in 1785.Denis I. Duveen & Herbert S. Klickstein - 1954 - Annals of Science 10 (1):58-62.
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  46. added 2017-02-15
    Andre-Marie Ampere's Mathematical Theory of Chemical Combination.Myriam Scheidecker-Chevallier & Robert Locqueneux - 1994 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 47 (3):309-352.
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  47. added 2017-02-15
    Document, Text and Myth: Lavoisier's Crucial Year Revisited.C. E. Perrin - 1989 - British Journal for the History of Science 22 (1):3-25.
    Published texts, unpublished documents and, to a lesser extent, artefacts are the stuff from which historians of science fashion their interpretations of the past. From these residues we attempt to reconstruct the lost fabric of personalities, activities and institutions that constituted the practice of science, and to comprehend the flow of thought that was its substance. Like the sensory data of the empirical sciences, these raw materials are not pure chunks of reality. They must be interpreted in the light of (...)
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  48. added 2017-02-14
    The Importance of History and Philosophy of Science in Correcting Distorted Views of ‘Amount of Substance’ and ‘Mole’ Concepts in Chemistry Teaching.Kira Padilla & Carles Furio-Mas - 2008 - Science & Education 17 (4):403-424.
  49. added 2017-02-14
    L'enseignement Et l'Application de la Nouvelle Chimie au Mexique au Temps de Lavoisier.Patricia Aceves - 1995 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 48 (1):123-132.
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  50. added 2017-02-14
    Water and Measuring: Views on the Intellectual Itinerary of the Young Lavoisier.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1995 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 48 (1):49-70.
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