Edited by Susana Nuccetelli (St. Cloud State University)
|Summary||Latin American philosophy, as standardly construed, began during the colonial period. But philosophy then was not autonomous from education. During the nineteenth century, as evident in the work of Latin American positivists, philosophical concerns had close connections to political and social interests. This lack of autonomy lasted to about the 1910s. Between the 1910s and the 1940s, a generation of philosophers known as the fundadores (‘Founders’) strove to develop philosophy in Latin America as an autonomous discipline within academia, with the usual professional organizations and institutions. It was clearly owing to their efforts that philosophy became a practice analogous to what their peers were doing at the time in major Western centers of scholarship. For the first time since the Wars of Independence and the national organization that followed (roughly, 1810-1898), philosophy began to be studied for its own sake. Moreover, it became a professional activity with recognition in the wider community. Today almost all major philosophical movements have representatives in Latin America.|
|Key works||Works such as Jaksic 1998, Beuchot 2011, and Stehn 2014, as well as many other publications on the history of Latin American philosophy, tend to provide mostly historical information about philosophers and their works. An adequate explanation of this tendency would probably have to attend at the fact that, for better or worse, the study of the history of philosophy has enjoyed a privileged status among Latin American philosophers. But there are grounds for optimism here, since more topic-centered historical studies are emerging, as can be seen in Hurtado 2011.|
|Introductions||For a general introduction to the history of Latin American philosophy, see Nuccetelli et al 2009, Gracia 2011 is a collection of new essays on some historical figures, mostly of the nineteenth century. More specific topics in the history of Latin American philosophy can be found in Canteñs 2010; Hurtado 2006; Nuccetelli 2008; Pappas 2007; Pereda 2011.|
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