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  1. G. A. (1973). Metakritik der Formalen Logik. Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):381-382.
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  2. Robert Adamson & W. R. Sorley (1911). A Short History of Logic. W. Blackwood and Sons.
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  3. Evandro Agazzi (1983). Modern Logic--A Survey. Historical, Philosophical, and Mathematical Aspects of Modern Logic and its Applications. Mind 92 (366):286-288.
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  4. Saʻīd Akbarī (2007). .
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  5. Quṭb al-Taḥtānī & Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad (2003). .
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  6. Robert Albin (2012). BEYOND MODES OF OBJECTIVITY. Logos and Episteme (3):361-371.
    ABSTRACT: Frege, and others who followed him, stressed the role of fallibility as a means to defining ‘objectivity.’ By defining objective judgments as fallible, these philosophers contributed to the consolidation of a theory of objectivity which suggested interpreting epistemological, as well as other judgements, as being objective. An important philosophical implication of this theory lies in its disclosure of the interrelations between truth and objectivity. In light of this insight, and based on an analysis of instances of false (epistemological and (...)
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  7. Layman E. Allen (1968). Review: A. N. Prior, A. I. Melden, Escapism: The Logical Basis of Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (4):610-611.
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  8. Enrique Alvarez & Manuel Correia (2012). Syllogistic with Indefinite Terms. History and Philosophy of Logic 33 (4):297-306.
    This paper presents a restructured set of axioms for categorical logic. In virtue of it, the syllogistic with indefinite terms is deduced and proved, within the categorical logic boundaries. As a result, the number of all the conclusive syllogisms is deduced through a simple and axiomatic methodology. Moreover, the distinction between immediate and mediate inferences disappears, which reinstitutes the unity of Aristotelian logic.
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  9. Enrique Alvarez-Fontecilla (2016). Canonical Syllogistic Moods in Traditional Aristotelian Logic. Logica Universalis 10 (4):517-531.
    A novel theoretical formulation of Categorical Logic based on two properties of categorical propositions and three simple axioms has been introduced recently. This formulation allowed for the suppression of the distinction between immediate and mediate inferences, and also provided a theoretical framework to study opposition relations, thus restoring the theoretical unity of traditional Aristotelian logic. By using this approach, it has been reported that a total of 3072 conclusive syllogistic moods can be found when including indefinite terms in classical syllogistic, (...)
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  10. Andrade-Lotero Edgar & Novaes Catarina Dutilh (2012). Validity, the Squeezing Argument and Alternative Semantic Systems: The Case of Aristotelian Syllogistic. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (2):387 - 418.
    We investigate the philosophical significance of the existence of different semantic systems with respect to which a given deductive system is sound and complete. Our case study will be Corcoran's deductive system D for Aristotelian syllogistic and some of the different semantic systems for syllogistic that have been proposed in the literature. We shall prove that they are not equivalent, in spite of D being sound and complete with respect to each of them. Beyond the specific case of syllogistic, the (...)
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  11. Irving H. Anellis (2012). Editor's Introduction to Jean van Heijenoort, Historical Development of Modern Logic. Logica Universalis 6 (3-4):301-326.
    Van Heijenoort’s account of the historical development of modern logic was composed in 1974 and first published in 1992 with an introduction by his former student. What follows is a new edition with a revised and expanded introduction and additional notes.
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  12. Irving H. Anellis (2012). Jean van Heijenoort's Conception of Modern Logic, in Historical Perspective. Logica Universalis 6 (3-4):339-409.
    I use van Heijenoort’s published writings and manuscript materials to provide a comprehensive overview of his conception of modern logic as a first-order functional calculus and of the historical developments which led to this conception of mathematical logic, its defining characteristics, and in particular to provide an integral account, from his most important publications as well as his unpublished notes and scattered shorter historico-philosophical articles, of how and why the mathematical logic, whose he traced to Frege and the culmination of (...)
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  13. Aristoteles & Gottfried Scherer (2012). Erklärungen. Bautz.
    Aristoteles Περὶ ἑρμηvείας Erklärungen Griechisch-deutsch ins Deutsche übersetzt von Gottfried Scherer In seiner Schrift Erklärungen handelt Aristoteles von Namen, die alles, vieles oder Einzelnes bezeichnen, von Prädikatswörtern, die bestimmende oder zufällige Eigenschaften angeben, und von Worten und deren Kombinationsmöglichkeiten. Dabei untersucht er konkret die Struktur von Aussagesätzen, die er von anderen Redensarten abgrenzt, und stellt fest, dass sie etwas als existent und zutreffend, als wahr oder falsch bezeichnen. Er gibt an, wann mehrwertige Aussagen entstehen und beschreibt, was für Gattungsnamen und (...)
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  14. David Aristotle & Ross (1970). Aristotelis Topica Et Sophistici Elenchi.
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  15. Henri Aristotle, Boethius, Porphyry & Estienne (1617). [Logicorum Libri]. Ex Officina Libraria Henrici Stephani.
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  16. John Richard Aristotle & Magrath (1868). Selections From the Organon of Aristotle. Rivingtons.
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  17. Thomas Aristotle, Robert Taylor, Simplicius, Ammonius & Wilks (1807). The Organon; or, Logical Treatises of Aristotle. Printed for the Translator, Manor-Place, Walworth, Surrey; by Robert Wilks, 89, Chancery-Lane, Fleet-Street.
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  18. W. D. Aristotle & Ross (1964). Aristotelis Analytica Priora Et Posteriora. E. Typographeo Clarendoniano.
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  19. W. D. Aristotle & Ross (1958). Aristotelis Topica Et Sophistici Elenchi. E Typographeo Clarendoniano.
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  20. W. D. Aristotle & Ross (1949). Aristotelous Analytika = Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics. At the Clarendon Press.
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  21. Robert L. Armstrong (1970). Reduction and Deduction of Syllogisms. New Scholasticism 44 (2):273-277.
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  22. Antoine Arnauld, Pierre Nicole & T. Spencer Baynes (1850). Logic or, the Art of Thinking : Being the Port-Royal Logic. Sutherland and Knox Simpkin, Marshall.
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  23. H. Arnold Schmidt (1962). Oberschelp Arnold. Untersuchungen Zur Mehrsortigen Quantorenlogik. Mathematische Annalen, Bd. 145 , S. 297–333. Journal of Symbolic Logic 27 (2):225-226.
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  24. E. J. Ashworth (1974). Some Additions to Risse's Bibliographia Logica. Journal of the History of Philosophy 12 (3):361-365.
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  25. J. L. Austin (1952). LUKASIEWICZ, J. -Aristotle's Syllogistic, From the Standpoint of Modern Formal Logic. [REVIEW] Mind 61:395.
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  26. Jirar Averroës & Jihami (1982). Talkhis Mantiq Aristu. Al-Jami Ah Al-Lubnaniyah, Qism Al-Dirasat Al-Falsafiyah Wa-Al-Ijtima Iyah.
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  27. Mahmud Averroës, Charles E. Aristotle, Qasim & Butterworth (1982). Talkhis Kitab Al-Burhan.
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  28. Mahmud Averroës, Charles E. Qasim, Ahmad Abd Al-Majid Butterworth & Haridi (1983). Talkhis Kitab Al-Qiyas.
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  29. Victor Balowitz (1988). George Englebretsen, Ed., The New Syllogistic. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 8:481-483.
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  30. J. Banas (2003). Aristotelian Versus Stoic Logic. Filozofia 58 (8):551-563.
    This paper deals with Aristotelian and Stoic logic. In the first part the author writes about the history of logic and shows, why Stoic logic had not been studied properly from the Middle Ages up to the beginning of the 20th century, when an increasing interest in the study of Stoic logic is visible. The paper describes the character of Aristotelian and Stoic logic respectively. Stoic logic is first introduced as a system of propositional logic. On this basis a complementarity (...)
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  31. Y. Bar-Hillel (1967). Bernard Bolzano. In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan. pp. 2--337.
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  32. John A. Barker & Thomas D. Paxson Jr (1985). Aristotle Vs. Diodorus: Who Won the Fatalism Debate? Philosophy Research Archives 11:41-76.
    We develop a modified system of standard logic, Augmented Standard Logic , and we employ ASL in an effort to show that, contrary to prevailing opinion, both Aristotle and Diodorus presented impressive arguments, having valid structures and highly plausible premisses, in their famous fatalism debate. We argue that ASL, which contains standard logic and a full system of modal and temporal logic emanating from a modicum of primitives, should not only enable one to appreciate the sophisticated philosophizing which characterized this (...)
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  33. Jonathan Barnes (1999). Aristotle and Stoic Logic. In Katerina Ierodiakonou (ed.), Topics in Stoic Philosophy. Clarendon Press.
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  34. Jonathan Barnes (1990). The Prior Analytics. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 40 (2):234-236.
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  35. Marie Bayerová (1994). Bernard Bolzano Evropský Rozmer Jeho Filosofického Myslení.
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  36. Charles A. Baylis (1964). Gierymski Tadeusz and Slattery Michael P.. Is the Square Back in Opposition? Philosophical Studies , Vol. 7 , Pp. 123–130. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 29 (2):111-112.
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  37. Charles A. Baylis (1964). Gierymski T. And Slattery M. P.. Existential Import and “Latin Averroism.” Franciscan Studies, Vol. 18 , Pp. 127–132. Journal of Symbolic Logic 29 (2):112.
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  38. Charles A. Baylis (1964). Ogden Joan B. And Veatch Henry B.. Putting the Square Back Into Opposition. The New Scholasticism, Vol. 30 , Pp. 409–440. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 29 (2):111.
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  39. Gary Bedell (1992). Aristotelian Logic. Review of Metaphysics 46 (1):175-176.
  40. W. Bednarowski (1955). Hamilton's Quantification of the Predicate. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 56:217 - 240.
    This paper consists roughly of three parts. In the first part, an attempt has been made to find some tenable interpretation of Hamilton's logic. This results in accepting that Hamilton's logic can be "saved" if it is understood as being an everday language version of Euler's relations, i.e., extensional relations between terms (classes). In the second part, the propositions of Euler and the propositions of Aristotle are compared and found to be interdefinable: every proposition of Aristotle can be defined by (...)
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  41. Jonathan Beere (2015). Comments on Aristotle's Modal Syllogistic. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (3):742-747.
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  42. Ian Begg & J. Peter Denny (1969). Empirical Reconciliation of Atmosphere and Conversion Interpretations of Syllogistic Reasoning Errors. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):351.
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  43. Albert A. Bennett (1938). Review: Emanuele Abita, Compatibilita degli Assiomi della Logica. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 3 (4):162-162.
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  44. J. Berg (1997). Bolzano, the Prescient Encyclopedist. Grazer Philosophische Studien 53:13-32.
    In his Wissenschaftslehre Bernard Bolzano tried to lay down a logically satisfactory foundation of mathematics and theory of probability. Thereby he became aware of the distinction between the actual thoughts and judgments of human beings, their linguistic expressions and the abstract propositions {Sätze an sich) and their components. This ontological distinction is fundamental in Bolzano's thinking paired with a universal world view in the sense that philosophy, mathematics, physics and metaphysics should be build upon the same logical foundations. Bolzano's enterprise (...)
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  45. K. Berka (1978). Aristotle Theory of Deduction. Filosoficky Casopis 26 (6):879-895.
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  46. Karel Berka (1981). Bernard Bolzano. Horizont.
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  47. Jean-Yves Beziau (ed.) (2014). La Pointure du Symbole. Petra.
    Dans un texte désormais célèbre, Ferdinand de Saussure insiste sur l’arbitraire du signe dont il vante les qualités. Toutefois il s’avère que le symbole, signe non arbitraire, dans la mesure où il existe un rapport entre ce qui représente et ce qui est représenté, joue un rôle fondamental dans la plupart des activités humaines, qu’elles soient scientifiques, artistiques ou religieuses. C’est cette dimension symbolique, sa portée, son fonctionnement et sa signification dans des domaines aussi variés que la chimie, la théologie, (...)
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  48. Frode Bjørdal (2016). Cubes and Hypercubes of Opposition, with Ethical Ruminations on Inviolability. Logica Universalis 10 (2-3):373-376.
    We show that we in ways related to the classical Square of Opposition may define a Cube of Opposition for some useful statements, and we as a by-product isolate a distinct directive of being inviolable which deserves attention; a second central purpose is to show that we may extend our construction to isolate hypercubes of opposition of any finite cardinality when given enough independent modalities. The cube of opposition for obligations was first introduced publically in a lecture for the Square (...)
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  49. Max Black (1947). Review: Jean Cavailles, Albert Lautman, La Pensee Mathematique. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 12 (1):21-22.
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  50. Albert Blumberg (1967). Logic, Modern. In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan. pp. 5--6.
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