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1045 found
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1 — 50 / 1045
  1. added 2019-01-08
    The Significance Of The Erosion Of The Prohibition Against Metabasis To The Success And Legacy Of The Copernican Revolution.Jason Aleksander - 2011 - Annales Philosophici 3:9-21.
    Although one would not wish to classify Copernicus’ own intentions as belonging to the late-medieval and Renaissance tradition of nominalist philosophy, if we are to turn our consideration to what was responsible for the eventual success of the Copernican Revolution, we must also attend to other features of the dialectical context in relation to which the views of Copernicus and his followers were articulated, interpreted, and evaluated. Accordingly, this paper discusses the significance of the erosion of the Aristotelian prohibition against (...)
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  2. added 2019-01-03
    Celestial Chaos: The New Logics of Theory-Testing in Orbital Dynamics.Isaac Wilhelm - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
    I explore how the nature, scope, and limits of the knowledge obtained in orbital dynamics has changed in recent years. Innovations in the design of spacecraft trajectories, as well as in astronomy, have led to new logics of theory-testing—that is, new research methodologies—in orbital dynamics. These methodologies—which combine resonance overlap theories, numerical experiments, and the implementation of space missions—were developed in response to the discovery of chaotic dynamical systems in our solar system. In the past few decades, they have replaced (...)
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  3. added 2018-11-28
    History of the NeoClassical Interpretation of Quantum and Relativistic Physics.Shiva Meucci - 2018 - Cosmos and History 14 (2):157-177.
    The need for revolution in modern physics is a well known and often broached subject, however, the precision and success of current models narrows the possible changes to such a great degree that there appears to be no major change possible. We provide herein, the first step toward a possible solution to this paradox via reinterpretation of the conceptual-theoretical framework while still preserving the modern art and tools in an unaltered form. This redivision of concepts and redistribution of the data (...)
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  4. added 2018-11-10
    The Clock Paradox: Luise Lange's Discussion.Andrea Reichenberger - 2018 - In David Hommen Alexander Christian & Alexander Christian (eds.), Philosophy of Science Between the Natural Sciences, the Social Sciences, and the Humanities. Cham, Schweiz: pp. 55-61.
    In her articles on the clock paradox and the relativity of time Luise Lange (1891–1978) defends the theory of relativity against philosophical refutations, by showing that the apparent clock paradox is not a paradox, but merely conflicts with common sense and is based on a misunderstanding of the theory. The following study explores, contextualizes and analyzes Lange’s clear and sophisticated contribution to the debate on the clock paradox for the first time.
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  5. added 2018-11-09
    Putting a New Spin on Galaxies: Horace W. Babcock, the Andromeda Nebula, and the Dark Matter Revolution.William L. Vanderburgh - 2014 - Journal for the History of Astronomy 45:141-159.
    When a scientist is the first to perform a difficult type of observation and correctly interprets the result as a significant challenge to then-widely accepted core theories, and the result is later recognized as seminal work in a field of major importance, it is a surprise to find that that work was essentially ignored by the scientific community for thirty years. Such was the fate of the doctoral research on the rotations of the Andromeda Nebula (M31) conducted by Horace Welcome (...)
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  6. added 2018-10-10
    Stability in Cosmology, From Einstein to Inflation.C. D. McCoy - manuscript
    I investigate the role of stability in cosmology through two episodes from the recent history of cosmology: Einstein’s static universe and Eddington’s demonstration of its instability, and the flatness problem of the hot big bang model and its claimed solution by inflationary theory. These episodes illustrate differing reactions to instability in cosmological models, both positive ones and negative ones. To provide some context to these reactions, I also situate them in relation to perspectives on stability from dynamical systems theory and (...)
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  7. added 2018-09-28
    A Life in Science, Philosophy, and the Public Domain: Three Biographies of PoincaréJeremy J. Gray. Henri Poincaré: A Scientific Biography. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013. Pp. Xii+592. $35.00/£24.95 .Ferdinand Verhulst. Henri Poincaré: Impatient Genius. New York: Springer, 2012. Pp. Xi+260. $49.95 ; $39.95 .Jean-Marc Ginoux and Christian Gerini. 2012. Henri Poincaré: Une Biographie au Quotidien. Paris: Ellipses, 2012. Pp. Iv+298. €24.00 . [Henri Poincaré: A Biography Through the Daily Papers. Singapore: World Scientific, 2013. Pp. 260. $29.00 ; $22.00 .]. [REVIEW]David J. Stump - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):309-318.
  8. added 2018-09-26
    Why Did Leibniz Fail to Complete His Dynamics?Stephen Howard - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (1):22-40.
    Leibniz’s ‘new science of dynamics’ is typically taken to have been completed in the late monadological metaphysics. On this view, stemming from Martial Gueroult and continuing in the recent interpretations of Robert Adams and Pauline Phemister, Leibniz accomplished his dynamics in his later account of physical forces as merely phenomenal modifications of monadic, metaphysical forces. This paper argues, by contrast, that Leibniz considered the dynamics to be an unfinished project: this is evident in statements from throughout his mature period until (...)
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  9. added 2018-09-19
    The Principle of Equivalence as a Criterion of Identity.Ryan Samaroo - forthcoming - Synthese:1-25.
    In 1907 Einstein had the insight that bodies in free fall do not “feel” their own weight. This has been formalized in what is called “the principle of equivalence.” The principle motivated a critical analysis of the Newtonian and special-relativistic concepts of inertia, and it was indispensable to Einstein’s development of his theory of gravitation. A great deal has been written about the principle. Nearly all of this work has focused on the content of the principle and whether it has (...)
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  10. added 2018-09-17
    Discovery in Science and in Teaching Science.Nahum Kipnis - 2007 - Science & Education 16 (9-10):883-920.
    A proper presentation of scientific discoveries may allow science teachers to eliminate certain myths about the nature of science, which originate from an uncertainty among scholars about what constitutes a discovery. It is shown that a disagreement on this matter originates from a confusion of the act of discovery with response to it. It is suggested to separate these two concepts and also to distinguish the ‘scientific’ response from the ‘social’ one. The analysis is based on historical examples, primarily from (...)
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  11. added 2018-09-17
    Scientific Analogies and Their Use in Teaching Science.Nahum Kipnis - 2005 - Science and Education: Academic Journal of Ushynsky University 14 (3-5):199-233.
    Analogy in science knew its successes and failures, as illustrated by examples from the eighteenth-century physics. At times, some scientists abstained from using a certain analogy on the ground that it had not yet been demonstrated. Several false discoveries in the 18th and early 19th centuries appeared to support their caution. It is now clear that such a position reflected a methodological confusion that resulted from a failure to distinguish between particular and general analogies. Considering analogy as a hierarchical structure (...)
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  12. added 2018-09-17
    Chance in Science: The Discovery of Electromagnetism by H.C. Oersted.Nahum Kipnis - 2005 - Science and Education: Academic Journal of Ushynsky University 14 (1):1-28.
    Ignoring therole of chance in science distorts the nature of the scientific process. Teachers can address this issue by means of several in-depth historical case studies, such as the discovery of electromagnetism by Oersted. Oersted was led to his lecture experiment by logic (two new hypotheses), but its success from the first trial was largely due to chance. Reproducing Oersted's experiment in the classroom complements the story by atlowing students to see for themselves the role of some accidental factors, such (...)
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  13. added 2018-09-16
    Philosophie der Teilchenphysik.Gregor Schiemann - 2017 - BUW Output 17:12-17.
  14. added 2018-09-07
    Science moderne, principe d'inertie et mathématisation.Jean-Pierre Castel - 2018 - Philosophie 139 (4):54.
    Au XVIIème siècle, c’est la découverte du principe d’inertie, un concept purement physique, qui permit de débloquer la théorisation du mouvement, en panne depuis Aristote. La plupart des philosophes et historiens des sciences caractérisent le tournant de la « science moderne » par sa mathématisation, arguant, comme Koyré, que le principe d’inertie découlerait de cette dernière, ou bien, comme Duhem, qu’il était déjà contenu dans l’impetus médiéval, ou encore, comme, Husserl et Kojève, en s’abstenant d’en parler. Et pourtant, la mathématisation (...)
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  15. added 2018-09-06
    Robert Fox, Science Without Frontiers: Cosmopolitanism and National Interests in the World of Learning, 1870–1940. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2016, Pp. 168. ISBN 978-0-87071-867-0. $22.95. [REVIEW]Raffaele Pisano - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Science 50 (4):735-736.
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  16. added 2018-08-27
    Michel Meulders, Helmholtz, des Lumières aux Neurosciences, Paris: Editions Odile Jacob, 2001. [REVIEW]Gabriel Finkelstein - 2002 - Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 11 (3):317-319.
  17. added 2018-08-27
    Gustav Magnus Und Sein Haus: Im Auftrag der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, Ed. Dieter Hoffmann, Stuttgart: Verlag Für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften Und der Technik, 1995. [REVIEW]Gabriel Finkelstein - 1998 - Technology and Culture 39 (3):568-569.
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  18. added 2018-08-19
    The Legitimate Route to the Scientific Truth.Joseph Krecz - manuscript
    We leave in a beautiful and uniform world, a world where everything probable is possible. Since the epic theory of relativity many scientists have embarked in a pursuit of astonishing theoretical fantasies, abandoning the prudent and logical path to scientific inquiry. The theory is a complex theoretical framework that facilitates the understanding of the universal laws of physics. It is based on the space-time continuum fabric abstract concept, and it is well suited for interpreting cosmic events. However, it is not (...)
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  19. added 2018-07-30
    The Legitimate Route to the Scientific Truth.Joseph Krecz - manuscript
    We leave in a beautiful and uniform world, a world where everything probable is possible. The human have became a dominant component of life form on earth for some time. We realized that intellectual inquiry can have practical outcome, and the humans list of achievements are enormous and impressive. The burning of organic matter for extracting energy has been a constant and ever increasing source of pollution, we are still doing it. The amazing human intellect has proved capable of amazing (...)
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  20. added 2018-07-19
    Maxwell’s Field and Whitehead’s Events: The Adventure of a Revolutionary Idea.Leemon McHenry - 2007 - In Pierfrancisco Basile & Michel Weber (eds.), Subjectivity, Process and Rationality. Frankfurt, Germany: pp. 177-189.
    This paper examines J. C. Maxwell’s electromagnetic field as the key idea for the development of A. N. Whitehead's event ontology. Whitehead viewed Maxwell's electromagnetism as the most revolutionary development of modern physics whereby events rather than substances become the basic units of reality.
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  21. added 2018-06-29
    Special Theory of Relativity Seen from a Perspective of the Humanities.Yusuke Kaneko - 2018 - The Basis: The Annual Bulletin of ResearchCenter for Liberal Education (Musashino University) 8 (2018):141-162.
    Although written in Japanese, an overall picture of special theory of relativity is drawn, which would surely be useful for beginners as well as researchers of the humanities.
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  22. added 2018-06-28
    Towards a Theory of Spacetime Theories.Dennis Lehmkuhl, Gregor Schiemann & Erhard Scholz (eds.) - 2017 - Birkhauser.
    This contributed volume is the result of a July 2010 workshop at the University of Wuppertal Interdisciplinary Centre for Science and Technology Studies which brought together world-wide experts from physics, philosophy and history, in order to address a set of questions first posed in the 1950s: How do we compare spacetime theories? How do we judge, objectively, which is the “best” theory? Is there even a unique answer to this question? -/- The goal of the workshop, and of this book, (...)
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  23. added 2018-06-28
    Werner Heisenberg’s Position on a Hypothetical Conception of Science.Gregor Schiemann - 2009 - In M. Heidelberger & G. Schiemann (eds.), The Significance of the Hypothetical in the Natural Sciences. de Gruyter.
    Werner Heisenberg made an important – and as yet insufficiently researched – contribution to the transformation of the modern conception of science. This transformation involved a reassessment of the status of scientific knowledge from certain to merely hypothetical – an assessment that is widely recognized today. I examine Heisenberg’s contribution in particular by taking his conception of “closed theories” as an example according to which the established physical theories have no universal and exclusive, but only a restricted validity. Firstly, I (...)
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  24. added 2018-06-28
    Werner Heisenbergs Position Zu Einer Hypothetischen Wissenschaftsauffassung in Seinen Populären Reden Und Aufsätzen.Gregor Schiemann - 2007 - In M. Gerhard (ed.), Oldenburger Jahrbuch für Philosophie.
    Werner Heisenberg hat einen wichtigen, noch nicht hinreichend untersuchten Beitrag zum Wandel des neuzeitlichen Wissenschaftsverständnisses geleistet. Der Wandel führte von der Charakterisierung des wissenschaftlichen Wissens als sichere Erkenntnis zu seiner - heute weithin anerkannten - Charakterisierung als bloß hypothetische Erkenntnis. Anfänge dieses Wandlungsprozesses lassen sich im 19. Jahrhundert nachweisen (z.B. bei John Hersehel, William Whewell oder Hermann von Helmholtz). Ich möchte am Beispiel von Heisenberg der Frage nachgehen, welchen Einfluss die Begründung der Quantenmechanik, die seine Wissenschaftsauffassung prägte, auf den Prozess (...)
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  25. added 2018-06-05
    Consideration of Symmetry in the Concept of Space Through the Notions of Balance and Equivalence.Ruth Castillo - 2016 - Episteme NS: Revista Del Instituto de Filosofía de la Universidad Central de Venezuela 36 (1):61-70.
    The notion of space is one of the most discussed within classical physics concepts. The works of Copernicus and Galileo, as well as Gassendi´s ideas led to Newton to regard it as substance. This conception of space, allows the notion of symmetry is present in an indirect or implied, within the laws of physics, formed through the notions of equivalence and balance. The aim of this study is to identify the symmetry, through such notions, under the study of indistinction between (...)
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  26. added 2018-05-30
    A Study of Time in Modern Physics.Peter W. Evans - 2011 - Dissertation,
    This thesis is a study of the notion of time in modern physics, consisting of two parts. Part I takes seriously the doctrine that modern physics should be treated as the primary guide to the nature of time. To this end, it offers an analysis of the various conceptions of time that emerge in the context of various physical theories and, furthermore, an analysis of the relation between these conceptions of time and the more orthodox philosophical views on the nature (...)
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  27. added 2018-05-17
    Experiments on Birefringent Icelandic Crystal, Translated by Thomas Archibald. Introduction by Jed Z. Buchwald and Kurt Moller Pedersen, with a Facsimile of the Original Publication.Erasmus Bartholin - 1991 - Copenhagen, Denmark: Danish National Library of Science and Medicine.
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  28. added 2018-03-30
    Fine-Structure Constant From Golden Ratio Geometry.Michael A. Sherbon - 2018 - International Journal of Mathematics and Physical Sciences Research 5 (2):89-100.
    After a brief review of the golden ratio in history and our previous exposition of the fine-structure constant and equations with the exponential function, the fine-structure constant is studied in the context of other research calculating the fine-structure constant from the golden ratio geometry of the hydrogen atom. This research is extended and the fine-structure constant is then calculated in powers of the golden ratio to an accuracy consistent with the most recent publications. The mathematical constants associated with the golden (...)
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  29. added 2018-03-30
    Fundamental Physics and the Fine-Structure Constant.Michael A. Sherbon - 2017 - International Journal of Physical Research 5 (2):46-48.
    From the exponential function of Euler’s equation to the geometry of a fundamental form, a calculation of the fine-structure constant and its relationship to the proton-electron mass ratio is given. Equations are found for the fundamental constants of the four forces of nature: electromagnetism, the weak force, the strong force and the force of gravitation. Symmetry principles are then associated with traditional physical measures.
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  30. added 2018-03-23
    Defending Kant’s Conception of Matter From the Charge of Circularity.Samuel Kahn - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):195-217.
    In the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (MFNS) Kant develops a conception of matter that is meant to issue in an alternative to what he takes to be the then reigning empiricist account of density. However, in recent years commentator after commentator has argued that Kant’s attempt on this front is faced with insuperable difficulties. Adickes argues that the MFNS theory of density involves Kant in a vicious circle; Tuschling argues that the circle is part of what led Kant to (...)
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  31. added 2018-03-06
    Structure-Preserving Representations, Constitution and the Relative A Priori.Thomas Mormann - 2018 - Synthese.
    The aim of this paper is to show that a comprehensive account of the role of representations in science should reconsider some neglected theses of the classical philosophy of science proposed in the first decades of the 20th century. More precisely, it is argued that the accounts of Helmholtz and Hertz may be taken as prototypes of representational accounts in which structure preservation plays an essential role. Following Reichenbach, structure-preserving representations provide a useful device for formulating an up-to-date version of (...)
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  32. added 2018-03-05
    The Case of the Missing Satellites.Katia Wilson - forthcoming - Synthese:1-21.
    In the late 1990s, computational technology had advanced sufficiently that astrophysicists were able to construct reasonably high resolution computer simulations of the Local Group of galaxies. These simulations indicated there should be around 250 small satellite galaxies orbiting the Milky Way and Andromeda. In the real Local Group, however, only around 40 satellites had been observed, and only twenty or so more have been discovered since then. Despite this discrepancy in numbers, claims have been made in recent years that the (...)
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  33. added 2018-02-18
    Mental Models in Galileo’s Early Mathematization of Nature.Paolo Palmieri - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (2):229-264.
  34. added 2018-02-17
    Physical Composition.Richard Healey - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (1):48-62.
    Atomistic metaphysics motivated an explanatory strategy which science has pursued with great success since the scientific revolution. By decomposing matter into its atomic and subatomic parts physics gave us powerful explanations and accurate predictions as well as providing a unifying framework for the rest of science. The success of the decompositional strategy has encouraged a widespread conviction that the physical world forms a compositional hierarchy that physics and other sciences are progressively articulating. But this conviction does not stand up to (...)
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  35. added 2018-02-17
    How Weyl Stumbled Across Electricity While Pursuing Mathematical Justice.Alexander Afriat - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 40 (1):20-25.
    It is argued that Weyl’s theory of gravitation and electricity came out of ‘mathematical justice’: out of the equal rights direction and length. Such mathematical justice was manifestly at work in the context of discovery, and is enough to derive all of source-free electromagnetism. Weyl’s repeated references to coordinates and gauge are taken to express equal treatment of direction and length.
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  36. added 2018-02-17
    Whither Editing?: The Correspondence of John Flamsteed, First Astronomer Royal.Michael Hunter - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (4):805-820.
    Eric G. Forbes, Lesley Murdin, & Frances Willmoth, volume 2, 1682–1703, volume 3, 1703–1719; Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol & Philadephia, 1997, 2002, pp. xlvii+1095, lxvi+1038, Price £199 each hardback, ISBN 0-7503-0391-3, 0-7503-0763-3The correspondence of John Wallis, volume 1 Philip Beeley, & Christoph J. Scriba, with the assistance of Uwe Mayer and Siegmund Probst; Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2003, pp. xlvii+651, Price £120 hardback, ISBN 0-19-851066-7 The Hartlib Papers. Second edition. A complete text and image database of the papers of (...)
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  37. added 2018-02-17
    The Initial Response to Galileo's Lunar Observations.Roger Ariew - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (3):571-581.
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  38. added 2018-02-17
    The Phases of Venus Before 1610.Roger Ariew - 1987 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (1):81.
  39. added 2018-02-17
    Feyerabend and Galileo: The Interaction of Theories, and the Reinterpretation of Experience.Peter Machamer - 1973 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 4 (1):1-46.
  40. added 2018-02-17
    Three Problems in the Relativistic Conception of Space and Time.Jorge Bosch - 1968 - Critica 2 (4):10-14.
  41. added 2018-02-08
    Force (God) in Descartes' Physics.Gary Hatfield - 1998 - In John Cottingham (ed.), Descartes. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 281-310.
    Reprint of: Gary Hatfield, Force (God) in Descartes' physics, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 10 (2):113-140 (1979) -/- Abstract. It is difficult to evaluate the role of activity - of force or of that which has causal efficacy - in Descartes’ natural philosophy. On the one hand, Descartes claims to include in his natural philosophy only that which can be described geometrically, which amounts to matter (extended substance) in motion (where this motion is described kinematically).’ Yet (...)
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  42. added 2018-02-03
    Falsifiability and the Duhem Problem.Danny Frederick - manuscript
    It is often claimed that the Duhem problem shows that the notion of falsifiability is inapplicable to scientific theories. I explain why the claim is false.
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  43. added 2018-02-03
    Journey of Physics between Continuity and Discontinuity مسيرة الفيزياء بين مقولتي الاتصال والانفصال.Salah Osman - 1998 - In Continuity and Infinity between Science and Philosophy. pp. 151 - 241.
    تجلت المعالجة الفيزيائية المعاصرة لموضوع الاتصال في نظريتين كبريتين تقاسمتا البحث في الظواهر الطبيعية منذ بداية القرن العشرين: إحداهما نظريــة النسبية (الخاصـة والعامـة)، والأخرى نظرية الكم. وبينما تُعيد النسبية الخاصة صياغة القوانين الأساسية للحركة على نحو أدق مما قدمه نيوتن، تتجه النسبية العامة إلى تعليل خواص المادة على النطاق الواسع، أي على مستوى الكون الأكبر، حيث النجوم والكواكب وحركاتها التجاذبية. أما نظرية الكمّ فتًعلل خواص المادة على النطاق الضيق جدًا، أي على مستوى الكون الذري. وليس هناك فيما يبدو أية رابطة (...)
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  44. added 2018-01-16
    Measurement and Fundamental Processes in Quantum Mechanics.Gregg Jaeger - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (7):806-819.
    In the standard mathematical formulation of quantum mechanics, measurement is an additional, exceptional fundamental process rather than an often complex, but ordinary process which happens also to serve a particular epistemic function: during a measurement of one of its properties which is not already determined by a preceding measurement, a measured system, even if closed, is taken to change its state discontinuously rather than continuously as is usual. Many, including Bell, have been concerned about the fundamental role thus given to (...)
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  45. added 2018-01-16
    Concepts of Mass in Contemporary Physics and Philosophy.Max Jammer - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    The concept of mass is one of the most fundamental notions in physics, comparable in importance only to those of space and time. But in contrast to the latter, which are the subject of innumerable physical and philosophical studies, the concept of mass has been but rarely investigated. Here Max Jammer, a leading philosopher and historian of physics, provides a concise but comprehensive, coherent, and self-contained study of the concept of mass as it is defined, interpreted, and applied in contemporary (...)
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  46. added 2018-01-16
    Wranglers and Physicists. Studies on Cambridge [Mathematical] Physics in the Nineteenth Century. [REVIEW]Frank James - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (2):233-234.
  47. added 2018-01-13
    The Telephone and Attention Waves.George L. Jackson - 1906 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 3 (22):602-604.
  48. added 2018-01-10
    Theories of Space From Zeno to Einstein.Nick Huggett - 1999 - MIT Press.
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  49. added 2018-01-10
    ‘Modernists with a Vengeance’: Changing Cultures of Theory in Nuclear Science, 1920–1930.Jeff Hughes - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (3):339-367.
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  50. added 2018-01-10
    Einstein, Inventors, and Invention.Thomas P. Hughes - 1993 - Science in Context 6 (1).
1 — 50 / 1045