History: Skepticism

Edited by Everett Fulmer (Loyola University, New Orleans)
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  1. added 2019-01-03
    The Problem of the Criterion and Hegel's Model for Epistemic Infinitism.Scott F. Aikin - 2010 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 27 (4).
  2. added 2018-12-18
    Oakeshott's Politics for Gentlemen.Steven J. Wulf - 2007 - The Review of Politics 69 (2):244-272.
    Michael Oakeshott's concerns about political developments in twentieth-century Europe seem to shape his philosophical writings. Yet Oakeshott persistently portrays himself as a philosopher who has little practical interest in politics. This essay argues that Oakeshott's genteel conception of the good life leads him to develop a political doctrine for practical reasons while disclaiming any practical motives. His diagnosis of collectivist politics in the 1930s reluctantly solicits a philosophical defense of a pluralist political order that is hospitable to his ethical ideal. (...)
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  3. added 2018-12-18
    The Skeptical Life in Hume's Political Thought.Steven J. Wulf - 2000 - Polity 33 (1):77-99.
    David Hume's political thought is shaped by an expansively conceived skepticism. For Hume, "mitigated skepticism" is a way of life rather than a mere philosophical conclusion. It entails not only philosophical doubt, but also a variety of practical, methodological, ethical, and political commitments. Skeptics acquire these commitments by living a life devoted to philosophy, reading, learned conversation, and ordinary business in a modern society. They in turn may profoundly influence political practice in their societies, though in severely restricted ways. Hume's (...)
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  4. added 2018-12-03
    Cavell, Skepticism, and the Idea of Philosophical Criticism.Arata Hamawaki - 2014 - In Andrea Kern & James Conant (eds.), Varieties of Skepticism: Essays After Kant, Wittgenstein, and Cavell. De Gruyter. pp. 389-428.
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  5. added 2018-10-19
    Stroud, Hegel, Heidegger: A Transcendental Argument.Kim Davies - 2018 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism.
    _ Source: _Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 167 - 191 This paper presents an original, ambitious, truth-directed transcendental argument for the existence of an ‘external world’. It begins with a double-headed starting-point: Stroud’s own remarks on the necessary conditions of language in general, and Hegel’s critique of the “fear of error.” The paper argues that the sceptical challenge requires a particular critical concept of thought as that which may diverge from reality, and that this concept is possible only through reflection (...)
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  6. added 2018-10-06
    Object Reidentification and the Epistemic Role of Attention.Nilanjan Das - 2018 - Ratio 31 (4):402-414.
    Reidentification scepticism is the view that we cannot knowledgeably reidentify previously perceived objects. Amongst classical Indian philosophers, the Buddhists argued for reidentification scepticism. In this essay, I will discuss two responses to this Buddhist argument. The first response, defended by Vācaspati Miśra (9th century CE), is that our outer senses allow us to knowledgeably reidentify objects. I will claim that this proposal is problematic. The second response, due to Jayanta Bhaṭṭa (9th century CE), is that the manas or the inner (...)
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  7. added 2018-10-02
    The New Hume Debate (Review). [REVIEW]Paul Russell - 2003 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (1):132-134.
  8. added 2018-09-06
    Descartes and the Suspension of Judgment–Considerations of Cartesian Skepticism and Epoché.Jan Forsman - 2018 - In Konstantinos Boudouris (ed.), Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy. Greek Philosophical Society. pp. 15-20.
    In this paper I will argue how Descartes in the First and Second Meditation of the Meditations uses a very clear suspension of judgments or assent that in many ways resembles the epoché of the ancient skepticism, especially that of pyrrhonistic variant. First I show how the pyrrhonistic epoché works and what purpose it was used. After that I show how this Cartesian epoché both resembles and differs from the ancient epoché. My main argument is that Descartes, when using the (...)
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  9. added 2018-08-27
    Epistemology, the History of Epistemology, Historical Epistemology.Barry Stroud - 2011 - Erkenntnis 75 (3):495-503.
    A brief discussion of the ways in which awareness of and sensitivity to the history of philosophy can contribute to epistemology even if epistemology is understood as a distinctively philosophical and not primarily historical enterprise.
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  10. added 2018-08-27
    Knowledge and the Known: Historical Perspectives in Epistemology. [REVIEW] T. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 31 (3):481-482.
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  11. added 2018-07-07
    Jay Rosenberg: Thinking About Knowing, OUP 2002. [REVIEW]Christian Helmut Wenzel - 2006 - European Journal of Philosophy 14 (3):453–456.
  12. added 2018-06-03
    Hume’s True Scepticism_, _written by Donald C. Ainslie.Peter S. Fosl - forthcoming - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism.
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  13. added 2018-06-03
    A World Without a Past: New Challenges to Kant's Refutation of Idealism.Justin Remhof - 2018 - Southwest Philosophy Review 34 (1):171-180.
    In the Refutation of Idealism, Kant aims to defeat the Cartesian radical skeptical hypothesis that empirical reality might not exist and we cannot have knowledge of it. Kant intends to demonstrate that conscious experience presupposes direct experience of empirical reality. This paper presents new challenges to the conclusions Kant reaches in the Refutation. Kant’s argument turns on the claim that the past must exist, and my challenges concern the possibility that there is no past.
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  14. added 2018-06-03
    ‘Consciousness, Scepticism and the Critique of Categorial Concepts in Hegel’s 1807 Phenomenology of Spirit’.Kenneth R. Westphal - 2009 - In M. Bykova & M. Solopova (eds.), Сущность и Слово. Сборник научных статей к юбилею профессора Н.В.Мотрошиловой. Phenomenology & Hermeneutics Press.
    This paper (in English) highlights a hitherto neglected feature of Hegel’s 1807 Phenomenology of Spirit: its critique of the content of our basic categorial concepts. It focusses on Hegel’s semantics of cognitive reference in ‘Sense Certainty’ and his use of this semantics also in ‘Perception’ and ‘Force and Understanding’. Explicating these points enables us to understand how Hegel criticizes Pyrrhonian Scepticism on internal grounds.
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  15. added 2018-06-03
    Hegel's Solution to the Dilemma of the Criterion.Kenneth R. Westphal - 1998 - In Jon Stewart (ed.), History of Philosophy Quarterly. SUNY. pp. 173 - 188.
  16. added 2018-06-03
    Scepticism and the Proof of an External World.Elizabeth Hankins Wolgast - 1955 - Dissertation, University of Washington
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  17. added 2018-03-03
    In Defense of the Epistemic Imperative.Seungbae Park - 2018 - Axiomathes 28 (4):435-446.
    Sample (2015) argues that scientists ought not to believe that their theories are true because they cannot fulfill the epistemic obligation to take the diachronic perspective on their theories. I reply that Sample’s argument imposes an inordinately heavy epistemic obligation on scientists, and that it spells doom not only for scientific theories but also for observational beliefs and philosophical ideas that Samples endorses. I also delineate what I take to be a reasonable epistemic obligation for scientists. In sum, philosophers ought (...)
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  18. added 2018-03-02
    What is the Scandal of Philosophy?Roberto Horácio de Sá Pereira - 2018 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 8 (3):141-166.
    _ Source: _Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 141 - 166 The central question of this paper is: what has Kant’s Refutation of Idealism argument proven, if anything? What is the real scandal of philosophy and universal human reason? I argue that Kant’s Refutation argument can only be considered as sound if we assume that his target is what I call ‘metaphysical external-world skepticism’. What is in question is not the ‘existence’ of outside things, but their very ‘nature’, that is, the (...)
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  19. added 2018-03-02
    The Giants of Doubt: A Comparison Between Epistemological Aspects of Descartes and Pascal.Cody Franchetti - 2012 - Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (3):183-188.
    The essay is a comparative look at Descartes' and Pascal's epistemology. For so vast a topic, I shall confine myself to comparing three crucial epistemological topics, through which I hope to evince Descartes' and Pascal's differences and points of contact. Firstly, I will concentrate on the philosophers' engagement with skepticism, which, for each, had different functions and motivations. Secondly, the thinkers' relation to Reason shall be examined, since it is the fulcrum of their thought—and the main aspect that separates them. (...)
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  20. added 2018-03-02
    Hume´ s Skepticism Concerning the External World.Vicente San Félix Vidarte - 2011 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 52:33-52.
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  21. added 2018-03-02
    FIFTEEN.Descartes’ Use of Scepticism.BernardHG Williams - 2009 - In The Sense of the Past: Essays in the History of Philosophy. Princeton University Press. pp. 231-245.
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  22. added 2018-03-02
    Nietzsche’s Mitigated Skepticism.Bernd Magnus - 1980 - Nietzsche Studien 9:260-267.
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  23. added 2018-02-27
    Las respuestas académicas a la objeción de apraxia.Christian F. Pineda-Pérez - 2018 - Praxis Filosófica 46:221-242.
    En este artículo reconstruyo y analizo las respuestas de los escépticos académicos a la objeción de apraxia. Esta objeción afirma que el escepticismo es una doctrina imposible de practicar puesto que sus tesis conducen a la apraxia, esta es, un estado de privación o imposibilidad de acción. Las respuestas a la objeción se dividen en dos clases. La primera prueba que el asentimiento no es una condición necesaria para realizar acciones, por lo que la recomendación escéptica de suspender global y (...)
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  24. added 2018-02-18
    Wittgenstein and Scepticism.Denis McManus (ed.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    Wittgenstein is arguably the greatest philosopher of the last hundred years and scepticism is one of the central problems that modern philosophy faces. This collection is the first to be devoted to an examination of how that great philosopher's work bears on this fundamental philosophical problem. Wittgenstein's reaction to scepticism is complex, articulating both a sense that sceptical problems are ultimately unreal and a sense that scepticism teaches us something about the fundamental character of the human predicament. The essays, specially (...)
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  25. added 2018-02-17
    Philosophical Skepticism.Charles Landesman & Roblin Meeks (eds.) - 2002 - Wiley-Blackwell.
  26. added 2018-02-17
    Skepticism: The Central Issues.Charles Landesman - 2002 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book presents and analyzes the most important arguments in the history of Western philosophy's skeptical tradition. It demonstrates that, although powerful, these arguments are quite limited and fail to prove their core assertion that knowledge is beyond our reach. Argues that skepticism is mistaken and that knowledge is possible Dissects the problems of realism and the philosophical doubts about the accuracy of the senses Explores the ancient argument against a criterion of knowledge, Descartes' skeptical arguments, and skeptical arguments applied (...)
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  27. added 2018-02-17
    Descartes: Belief, Scepticism and Virtue.Richard Davies - 2001 - Routledge.
    Descartes is often regarded as the founder of modern philosophy, and is credited with placing at centre stage the question of what we know and how we know it. Descartes: Belief, Scepticism and Virtue seeks to reinsert his work and thought in its contemporary ethical and theological context. Richard Davies explores the much neglected notion of intellectual virtue as it applies to Descartes' inquiry as a whole. He examines the textual dynamics of Descartes' most famous writings in relation to background (...)
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  28. added 2018-02-17
    Ethics and Epistemology in Sextus Empircus.Tad Brennan - 1999 - Routledge.
    This book defends the consistency, plausibility, and interest of the brand of Ancient Skepticism described in the writings of Sextus Empiricus, both through detailed exegesis of the original texts, and through sustained engagement with an array of modern critics.
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  29. added 2018-02-16
    Hume's Scepticism and Realism: His Two Profound Arguments Against the Senses in An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Review).Constantine Sandis - 2009 - Hume Studies 35 (1-2):240-242.
  30. added 2018-02-16
    Discours de la methode pour bien conduire sa raison & chercher la verité dans les sciences. Plus La dioptrique. Les meteores. Et La geometrie. Qui sont des essais de cete methode.René Descartes - 1637 - Leiden: Jan Maire.
  31. added 2018-02-02
    Scepticism, Fallibilism, and Verisimilitude.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2000 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 66:145-170.
  32. added 2018-01-03
    Review of "Righting Epistemology: Hume's Revolution". [REVIEW]Jared Bates - 2017 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2017.
    Review of Bredo Johnsen's "Righting Epistemology: Hume's Revolution" (OUP, 2017).
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  33. added 2017-11-03
    Cicero: The Philosophy of a Roman Sceptic. [REVIEW]Harald Thorsrud - forthcoming - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism.
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  34. added 2017-11-03
    Academic Skepticism in Seventeenth-Century French Philosophy: The Charronian Legacy 1601–1662. [REVIEW]Michael W. Hickson - forthcoming - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism.
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  35. added 2017-11-03
    Hume’s Presence in the ‘Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion’, Written by Robert J. Fogelin.Mark G. Spencer - 2018 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 8 (3):245-249.
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  36. added 2017-11-03
    Doubt's Boundless Sea: Skepticism and Faith in the Renaissance. [REVIEW]B. K. W. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (2):366-366.
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  37. added 2017-09-05
    Faith, Scepticism & Personal Identity: A Festschrift for Terence Penelhum (Review). [REVIEW]Paul Russell - 1995 - Hume Studies 21 (2):351-354.
  38. added 2017-05-31
    Scepticism as Epochê.Jani Hakkarainen - 2004 - In Kaisa Luoma, Erna Oesch & Risto Vilkko (eds.), Philosophical Studies in honorem Leila Haaparanta. Tampere: Tampereen yliopistopaino. pp. 233-242.
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  39. added 2017-05-29
    Skepticism and Political Thought in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, Edited by John Christian Laursen and Gianni Paganini. [REVIEW]Kristen Irwin - 2017 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 7 (2):137-140.
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  40. added 2017-05-29
    Myles Burnyeat and Michael Frede (Eds.), The Original Sceptics: A Controversy, Hackett Publishing Co., 1997, Pp. XIII 155, Cloth US$34.95, Paperback US$14.95. [REVIEW]F. C. White - 2001 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (1):130 – 132.
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  41. added 2017-05-05
    La refutación cartesiana del escéptico y del ateo: Tres hitos de su significado y alcance.Rodrigo González - 2017 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 34 (1):85-103.
    En este artículo argumento que, pese al llamado “escepticismo cartesiano”, el significado y alcance de la refutación cartesiana del escéptico y del ateo pueden comprenderse a la luz de tres hitos metafísicos. En la primera sección examino de qué forma este filósofo emplea argumentos escépticos como método, no como fin. Tal como enfatizo, el cogito es el punto en que la duda hiperbólica debe detenerse. Luego, en la segunda sección, discuto por qué Descartes es contrario al fideísmo. Debido a que (...)
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  42. added 2017-05-03
    Agrippa Von Nettesheim (1486-1535) : Philosophical Magic, Empiricism, and Skepticism.Wolf-Dieter Müller-Jahncke & Paul Richard Blum - 2010 - In Paul Richard Blum (ed.), Philosophers of the Renaissance. Catholic University of America Press.
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  43. added 2017-05-03
    How to Become a Moderate Skeptic.Yves Michaud - 1985 - Hume Studies 11 (1):33-46.
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  44. added 2017-05-03
    Reason and Scepticism.Michael A. Slote - 1970 - New York: Humanities Press.
    Reissue from the classic Muirhead Library of Philosophy series (originally published between 1890s - 1970s).
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  45. added 2017-05-02
    Michel de Montaigne: La Culminación Del Escepticismo En El Renacimiento. [REVIEW]Luiz Eva - 2013 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 3 (2):145-149.
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  46. added 2017-05-02
    Ancient Scepticism. [REVIEW]Filip Grgić - 2013 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 3 (3):219-223.
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  47. added 2017-05-02
    Beyond the Philosopher's Fear: A Cavellian Reading of Gender, Origin, and Religion in Modern Skepticism, by Ludger Viefhues-Bailey.Berislav Maru ić - 2010 - European Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):315-320.
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  48. added 2017-05-02
    Byzantine Philosophy and its Ancient Sources.Michael Tkacz - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (2):420-421.
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  49. added 2017-05-02
    Chappell, Vere, Ed. Descartes's Meditations: Critical Essays.Kurt Smith - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (2):434-435.
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  50. added 2017-05-02
    Skepticism and the Problem of Atheism in Early-Modern France.Alan Charles Kors - 1993 - In Richard H. Popkin & Arie Johan Vanderjagt (eds.), Scepticism and Irreligion in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. E.J. Brill.
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