History: Skepticism

Edited by Everett Fulmer (Loyola University, New Orleans)
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  1. added 2020-06-16
    On Intellectual Skepticism: A Selection of Skeptical Arguments and Tusi's Criticisms, with Some Comparative Notes.Pirooz Fatoorchi - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2):213-250.
    This essay deals with a selected part of an epistemological controversy provided by Tūsī in response to the skeptical arguments reported by Rāzī that is related to what might be called "intellectual skepticism," or skepticism regarding the judgments of the intellect, particularly in connection with self-evident principles. It will be shown that Rāzī has cited and exposed a position that seems to be no less than a medieval version of empiricism. Tūsī, in contrast, has presented us with a position that (...)
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  2. added 2020-06-16
    Two Puzzles in Hume's Epistemology.Mark Collier - 2008 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 25 (4):301 - 314.
    There are two major puzzles in Hume’s epistemology. The first involves Hume’s fall into despair in the conclusion of Book One of the Treatise. When Hume reflects back upon the results of his research, he becomes so alarmed that he nearly throws his books and papers into the fire. Why did his investigations push him towards such intense skeptical sentiments? What dark discoveries did he make? The second puzzle concerns the way in which Hume emerges from this skeptical crisis and (...)
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  3. added 2020-06-08
    Hegel and the Problem of Beginning.Robb Dunphy - forthcoming - Hegel Bulletin:1-24.
    In this article I develop an interpretation of the opening passages of Hegel's essay ‘With what must the beginning of science be made?’ I suggest firstly that Hegel is engaging there with a distinctive problem, the overcoming of which he understands to be necessary in order to guarantee the scientific character of the derivation of the fundamental categories of thought which he undertakes in the Science of Logic. I refer to this as ‘the problem of beginning’. I proceed to clarify (...)
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  4. added 2020-06-03
    Self-Knowledge, Externalism, and Skepticism.Brian Mclaughlin & David Owens - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (74):93-142.
    In recent years, some philosophers have claimed that we can know a priori that certain external world skeptical hypotheses are false on the basis of a priori knowledge that we are in certain kinds of mental states, and a priori knowledge that those mental states are individuated by contingent environmental factors. Appealing to a distinction between weak and strong a priority, I argue that weakly a priori arguments of this sort would beg the question of whether the skeptical hypothesis under (...)
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  5. added 2020-05-08
    Theorie oder Therapie. Perspektiven der pyrrhonischen Skepsis bei Sextus Empiricus.Thomas Grundmann - manuscript
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  6. added 2020-02-12
    The Epistemology of the Cyrenaic School.R. J. Hankinson - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (3):720-723.
    This is not a long book—but it is surprising that it is as long as it is. The Cyrenaics are one of a number of more or less shadowy philosophical schools which emerged in the Greek world in the 4th century BC and later. Well known are Plato’s Academy and Aristotle’s Lyceum; and relatively well served by the tradition are the Stoics and the Epicureans, as well as the various later varieties of sceptic; while the Cynics are remembered at least (...)
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  7. added 2020-02-11
    Thomas Reid and Scepticism: His Reliabilist Response.Roger Gallie - 2003 - Mind 112 (447):518-521.
  8. added 2019-12-18
    The Role of Skepticism in Early Modern Philosophy: A Critique of Popkin's "Sceptical Crisis" and a Study of Descartes and Hume.Raman Sachdev - 2019 - Dissertation, University of South Florida
    The aim of this dissertation is to provide a critique of the idea that skepticism was the driving force in the development of early modern thought. Historian of philosophy Richard Popkin introduced this thesis in the 1950s and elaborated on it over the next five decades, and recent scholarship shows that it has become an increasingly accepted interpretation. I begin with a study of the relevant historical antecedents—the ancient skeptical traditions of which early modern thinkers were aware—Pyrrhonism and Academicism. Then (...)
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  9. added 2019-12-16
    Fundamental Questions of Epistemology. Historical Perspectives.Kurt Weinke - 1988 - Philosophy and History 21 (2):162-164.
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  10. added 2019-11-11
    Hegel's Logic as Presuppositionless Science.Miles Hentrup - 2019 - Idealistic Studies 49 (2):145-165.
    In this article, I offer a critical interpretation of Hegel’s claims regarding the presuppositionless status of the Logic. Commentators have been divided as to whether the Logic actually achieves the status of presuppositionless science, disagreeing as to whether the Logic succeeds in making an unmediated beginning. I argue, however, that this understanding of presuppositionless science is misguided, as it reflects a spurious conception of immediacy that Hegel criticizes as false. Contextualizing Hegel’s remarks in light of his broader approach to the (...)
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  11. added 2019-10-30
    "Knowledge and the Known: Historical Perspectives in Epistemology," by Jaakko Hintikka.John L. Treloar - 1978 - Modern Schoolman 55 (2):202-203.
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  12. added 2019-09-26
    « Dousir » et « plaileur » l'énigme de l'attribution d'expériences.Alexandre Billon - 2010 - Philosophie 105 (2):64.
    Cet article aborde le problème de la justification des attributions d'expérience à autrui (problem of other minds). Je compare ce problème à d'autres problèmes sceptiques contemporains dus à Nelson Goodman et Saoül Kripke et je montre qu'il constitue un défi plus pressant et auquel il est plus difficile de répondre de manière modeste. Je propose une solution radicale à ce problème, qui repose sur l'idée, avérée empiriquement, selon laquelle nous disposons de deux formes d'empathie distinctes pour accéder à autrui. Très (...)
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  13. added 2019-08-28
    From Skepticism to Paralysis: The Apraxia Argument in Cicero’s Academica.Suzanne Obdrzalek - 2012 - Ancient Philosophy 32 (2):369-392.
    This paper analyzes the apraxia argument in Cicero’s Academica. It proposes that the argument assumes two modes: the evidential mode maintains that skepticism is false, while the pragmatic claims that it is disadvantageous. The paper then develops a tension between the two modes, and concludes by exploring some differences between ancient and contemporary skepticism.
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  14. added 2019-06-17
    New Issues in Epistemological Disjunctivism.Casey Doyle, Joe Milburn & Duncan Pritchard (eds.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    This is the first volume dedicated solely to the topic of epistemological disjunctivism. The original essays in this volume, written by leading and up-and-coming scholars on the topic, are divided into three thematic sections. The first set of chapters addresses the historical background of epistemological disjunctivism. It features essays on ancient epistemology, Immanuel Kant, J.L. Austin, Edmund Husserl, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. The second section tackles a number contemporary issues related to epistemological disjunctivism, including its relationship with perceptual disjunctivism, radical skepticism, (...)
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  15. added 2019-06-13
    Pascal on the Uses of Scepticism.Robert C. Miner - 2008 - Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 11 (4):111-122.
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  16. added 2019-06-07
    Die Züge des Skeptikers. Der Dialektische Charakter von Sextus Empiricus' Werk. [REVIEW]Luca Castagnoli - 2007 - The Classical Review 57 (2):370-372.
  17. added 2019-06-07
    Le Scepticisme Antique: Perspectives Historiques Et Systématiques. Actes du Colloque International Sur le Scepticisme Antique, Université de Lausanne, 1–3 Juin 1988. [REVIEW]G. B. Kerferd - 1992 - The Classical Review 42 (2):458-459.
  18. added 2019-06-07
    Die Angebliche Heraklit-Nachfolge des Skeptikers Aenesidem. [REVIEW]A. A. Long - 1978 - The Classical Review 28 (1):171-172.
  19. added 2019-06-06
    Skepticism and Political Thought in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. [REVIEW]Kristen Irwin - 2017 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 7 (2):137-140.
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  20. added 2019-06-06
    Philosophy and Disagreement.Brian Ribeiro - 2011 - Critica 43 (127):3-25.
    Disagreement as we find it in both the history and the contemporary practice of philosophy is an inadequately understood phenomenon. In this paper I outline and motivate the problem of disagreement, arguing that "hard cases" of disagreement confront us with an unresolved, and seemingly unresolvable, challenge to the rationality of philosophical discourse, thereby raising the specter of a worri-some form of metaphilosophical skepticism. A variety of responses and attempted evasions are considered, though none are found to be particularly satisfying: Thus, (...)
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    Beyond the Philosopher's Fear: A Cavellian Reading of Gender, Origin, and Religion in Modern Skepticism,. [REVIEW]Berislav Marušić - 2010 - European Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):315-320.
  22. added 2019-06-06
    Skepsis: Le Deacutebat des Modernes Sur le Scepticisme. [REVIEW]Michael W. Hickson - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (1):163-166.
  23. added 2019-06-06
    Sextus, Montaigne, Hume: Exercises in Skeptical Cartography.Brian Ribeiro - 2009 - Modern Schoolman 86 (1):7-34.
    Despite their divergences, I argue that Sextus, Montaigne, and Hume are committed to several substantive points of commonality and that these commonalities justify us in speaking of them as belonging to a unitary Pyrrhonist tradition. In this tradition, Pyrrhonizing doubt serves to chart the boundary of that-which-resists-doubt, thereby simultaneously charting the shape of that complex of nature and custom which constitutes the bedrock of human life — the life that remains after doubt has done its worst.
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  24. added 2019-06-06
    The Perils of Skepticism: The Moral and Educational Argument of Contra Academicos.Ryan N. S. Topping - 2009 - International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (3):333-350.
    Augustine was aware of objections to the idea of educational progress, and nowhere is this more acute than in his treatment of academic skepticism. While much attention has been paid to Augustine’s theory of knowledge within the Contra Academicos, too often overlooked is the specifically moral significance that he attaches to the skeptic’s critique of knowledge. I argue that Augustine’s chief criticism in this dialogue is not directed against an erroneous epistemology, although he does provide a refutation of that. Rather, (...)
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  25. added 2019-06-06
    Of Hobbes and Hume: A Review of Paul Russell, the Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism and Irreligion 1. [REVIEW]James A. Harris - 2009 - Philosophical Books 50 (1):38-46.
  26. added 2019-06-06
    Review Essay: Luigi Caranti, Kant and the Scandal of Philosophy: The Kantian Critique of Cartesian Scepticism. [REVIEW]Paul Guyer - 2008 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 34 (7):825-836.
  27. added 2019-06-06
    The Sceptical Road. Aenesidemus' Appropriation of Heraclitus. [REVIEW]Cristina Viano - 2007 - The Classical Review 57 (2):357-359.
  28. added 2019-06-06
    Le Scepticisme de Hume: Les Dialogues Sur la Religion Naturelle. [REVIEW]Eléonore Le Jallé - 2007 - Hume Studies 33 (1):179-182.
  29. added 2019-06-06
    Heidegger et la destruction du scepticisme.Franz-Emmanuel Schürch - 2007 - Dialogue 46 (4):683-708.
    RÉSUMÉ: Cet article analyse le traitement du problème du scepticisme qui est mené au §43 d’Être et temps afin de proposer une nouvelle interprétation de la position philosophique de Heidegger par rapport au conflit entre le réalisme et l’idéalisme. La position heideggérienne à l’égard du scepticisme a souvent été négligée par les commentateurs comme s’il s’agissait d’une question subsidiaire ou d’un fauxproblème, attitude qui est peut-être responsable d’une perception assez répandue dans le monde philosophique qui verrait précisément s’exprimer chez Heidegger (...)
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  30. added 2019-06-06
    The Sceptical Road: Aenesidemus’ Appropriation of Heraclitus, by Roberto Polito. [REVIEW]Daniel W. Graham - 2006 - Ancient Philosophy 26 (2):447-451.
  31. added 2019-06-06
    Hegel’s Epistemology: A Philosophical Introduction to the Phenomenology of Spirit, by Kenneth R. Westphal. [REVIEW]Scott Jenkins - 2006 - The Owl of Minerva 38 (1/2):151-158.
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    Idealism, Scepticism, and Internal Relations: Remarks on Hymers’s Philosophy and Its Epistemic Neuroses.Philip P. Hanson - 2004 - Dialogue 43 (3):577-586.
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    The Sceptical Tradition Around 1800: Scepticism in Philosophy, Science, and Society. [REVIEW]Harry M. Bracken - 2004 - International Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):333-334.
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  34. added 2019-06-06
    The Pyrrhonian Skeptic’s Telos.Dan Moller - 2004 - Ancient Philosophy 24 (2):425-441.
    Early on in the Outlines of Pyrrhonism (PH), Sextus Empiricus offers an account of τὸ τέλος τῆς σκεπτικῆς—the aim or final end of Pyrrhonian skepticism. Having previously explained such crucial aspects of Pyrrhonism as the sense in which Skeptics do not hold any beliefs and what its constitutive principles are, in sections I 25-30 Sextus turns to what he seems to regard as the equally important matter of what the aim of Skepticism is. He tells us, An aim [τέλος] is (...)
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  35. added 2019-06-06
    The Skepticism of the New Academy: A Weak Form of Platonism?Ramón Román Alcalá - 2003 - Philosophical Inquiry 25 (3/4):199-216.
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  36. added 2019-06-06
    Epistemological Skepticism(s) and Rational Self-Control.Brian Ribeiro - 2002 - The Monist 85 (3):468-477.
    In this paper I aim to do two things. First, I attempt to illustrate an interesting pattern of argument one can find in Hume's work. Next, I employ this Humean pattern of argument to show that IF there is a cogent and intuitive argument for any form of epistemological skepticism, which despite its cogency and intuitiveness has a unbelievable conclusion, THEN we lack a very important form of doxastic self-control, which I call rational self-control, over the beliefs problematized by that (...)
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  37. added 2019-06-06
    A Change in Manner: Hume’s Scepticism in the Treatise and the First Enquiry.Miriam Mccormick - 1999 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):431-447.
    The year before his death, Hume asked his publisher to affix an advertisement to all existing and future editions of his works. In this advertisement, Hume disavows the Treatise and directs all criticism to his later work. Hume himself is relatively clear as to why he preferred this later work. In his autobiography, when discussing the poor public reception given his Treatise, Hume says, ‘I had always entertained a Notion, that my want of Success in publishing the Treatise of human (...)
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  38. added 2019-06-06
    Stoics, Epicureans and Sceptics: An Introduction to Hellenistic Philosophy. [REVIEW]Patrick Shade - 1999 - Teaching Philosophy 22 (1):80-84.
  39. added 2019-06-06
    Berkeley and Scepticism.George Pappas - 1999 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 59 (1):133-149.
    In both the Principles and the Three Dialogues, Berkeley claims that he wants to uncover those principles which lead to scepticism; to refute those principles; and to refute scepticism itself. This paper examines the principles Berkeley says have scepticial consequences, and contends that only one of them implies scepticism. It is also argued that Berkeley's attempted refutation of scepticism rests not on his acceptance of the esse est percipi principle, but rather on the thesis that physical objects and their sensible (...)
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  40. added 2019-06-06
    Ideas, Reason, and Skepticism: Replies to My Critics.Don Garrett - 1998 - Hume Studies 24 (1):171-194.
  41. added 2019-06-06
    Stoics, Epicureans and Sceptics: An Introduction to Hellenistic Philosophy. [REVIEW]Robert J. Rabel - 1998 - Ancient Philosophy 18 (1):199-201.
  42. added 2019-06-06
    Naturalism, Normativity, and Scepticism in Hume’s Account of Belief.Lorne Falkenstein - 1997 - Hume Studies 23 (1):29-72.
  43. added 2019-06-06
    The Languor of Scepticism: Reflections on Burnyeat on Pyrrhonian Subjectivity.Pierre Lamarche - 1996 - Southwest Philosophy Review 12 (1):117-132.
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  44. added 2019-06-06
    Greek Scepticism: Anti-Realist Trends in Ancient Thought Leo Groarke Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1990, Xiii + 176 Pp. [REVIEW]Robert Pierson - 1996 - Dialogue 35 (1):183-186.
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  45. added 2019-06-06
    "Companions to Ancient Thought 1: Epistemology", Edited by Stephen Everson. [REVIEW]Christopher Shields - 1994 - Ancient Philosophy 14 (1):209.
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  46. added 2019-06-06
    The ’Hellenistic’ Philosophers: Schools, Systems, and Sceptics. [REVIEW]Diskin Clay - 1993 - Ancient Philosophy 13 (2):379-393.
  47. added 2019-06-06
    Hegel’s Circular Epistemology. [REVIEW]Joseph C. Flay - 1992 - Idealistic Studies 22 (3):242-243.
    This is a well-written book on a topic which has been central to Hegel studies for some time. But, in addition to the question of circularity in Hegel’s system in general—with attention focused on the circularity of knowledge in particular—there is a second theme which has recently received some needed attention. Professor Rockmore unravels for us the theme of circularity not in Hegel alone, but as it found its way through the history of philosophy to Kant, and then through several (...)
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  48. added 2019-06-06
    Emerson and Skepticism: The Cipher of the World. [REVIEW]Dallas L. Ouren - 1992 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 20 (62):44-45.
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  49. added 2019-06-06
    Conceptual Atomism and Nagarjuna's Sceptical Arguments.John King-Farlow - 1992 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 19 (1):16.
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  50. added 2019-06-06
    Ockham and Skepticism: The Intuitive Cognition of Non-Existents.Vance G. Morgan - 1990 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 64 (3):355-372.
1 — 50 / 888