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  1. Hobbes on the Signification of Evaluative Language.Stewart Duncan - 2019 - Hobbes Studies 32 (2):159-178.
    Hobbes repeatedly expressed concerns about moral and political language, e.g., about the bad consequences of various uses and misuses of language. He did not simply focus on the consequences though. He also attempted to understand the problems, using the central semantic notion in his philosophy of language, signification. Hobbes, in both the Elements of Law and Leviathan, argues that a wide variety of terms – including ‘good’, ‘bad’, and the names of virtues and vices – have a double and inconstant (...)
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  2. Myślenie bez języka — problem w ujęciu Thomasa Hobbesa i Olivera Sacksa.Katarzyna Doliwa - 2018 - Rocznik Filozoficzny Ignatianum 23 (2):61-84.
    Thomas Hobbes, który badaniu języka poświęcił wiele miejsca, zastanawiał się, czy możliwe jest myślenie — myślenie w ogóle i myślenie abstrakcyjne — bez języka? Hobbes zakładał, że ludzie pozbawieni języka mogą tworzyć własne, niedoskonałe, prywatne języki, pozwalające im na swoiście rozumiane rozumowanie. Na Hobbesowskie pytanie trzysta lat później odpowiada twierdząco wybitny neurolog i literat Oliver Sacks. Na podstawie danych, jakie przyniosła mu praca z osobami głuchymi, nieznającymi żadnego, nawet migowego, języka, dowodzi, że słowa i inne znaki umowne stają się niezbędne (...)
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  3. Transfert d’auctoritates du sémantique à l’indiciaire au XVII e siècle : Gassendi et Hobbes.Hélène Leblanc - 2018 - Cygne Noir 6.
    L’histoire de la pensée sémiotique se caractérise par une oscillation entre définition large et définition étroite de son objet. Au Moyen Âge, la définition augustinienne du signe est jugée trop étroite, car elle ne concerne que le signe sensible. De nouvelles définitions tentent alors de faire des concepts des signes qui renvoient aux choses. L’Âge moderne, au contraire, affirme une volonté de rétrécissement à l’égard de la notion de signe. Cet article montrera les caractéristiques d’une telle réflexion sémiotique à travers (...)
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  4. Pode a Linguagem Salvar Hobbes de um Paradoxo?Sagid Salles - 2018 - Argumentos 10: 74-86.
    T. A. Heinrichs sustentou que a análise de Hobbes da experiência e do pensamento dá origem a um aparente paradoxo. O paradoxo consiste no fato de que Hobbes teria reivindicado descobertas que a sua teoria implica que não poderiam ser feitas. Para resolver o problema, Heinrichs argumenta que a teoria hobbesiana da experiência e pensamento deveria ser interpretada com base em sua teoria da linguagem, no sentido forte de que suas descobertas são de fato descobertas sobre a linguagem. Neste artigo (...)
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  5. From Humanism to Hobbes: Studies in Rhetoric and Politics.Quentin Skinner - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    The aim of this collection is to illustrate the pervasive influence of humanist rhetoric on early-modern literature and philosophy. The first half of the book focuses on the classical rules of judicial rhetoric. One chapter considers the place of these rules in Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice, while two others concentrate on the technique of rhetorical redescription, pointing to its use in Machiavelli's The Prince as well as in several of Shakespeare's plays, notably Coriolanus. The second half of the book (...)
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  6. Hobbes, Universal Names, and Nominalism.Stewart Duncan - 2017 - In Stefano Di Bella & Tad M. Schmaltz (eds.), The Problem of Universals in Early Modern Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    Thomas Hobbes was, rather famously, a nominalist. The core of that nominalism is the belief that the only universal things are universal names: there are no universal objects, or universal ideas. This paper looks at what Hobbes's views about universal names were, how they evolved over time, and how Hobbes argued for them. The remainder of the paper considers two objections to Hobbes's view: a criticism made by several of Hobbes's contemporaries, that Hobbes's view could not account for people saying (...)
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  7. Hobbes on Language: Propositions, Truth, and Absurdity.Stewart Duncan - 2016 - In A. P. Martinich & Kinch Hoekstra (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes. Oxford University Press. pp. 57-72.
    Language was central to Hobbes's understanding of human beings and their mental abilities, and criticism of other philosophers' uses of language became a favorite critical tool for him. This paper connects Hobbes's theories about language to his criticisms of others' language, examining Hobbes's theories of propositions and truth, and how they relate to his claims that various sorts of proposition are absurd. It considers whether Hobbes in fact means anything more by 'absurd' than 'false'. And it pays particular attention to (...)
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  8. Hobbes on the Function of Evaluative Speech.Thomas Holden - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (1):123-144.
    Hobbes’s interpreters have struggled to find a plausible semantics for evaluative language in his writings. I argue that this search is misguided. Hobbes offers neither an account of the reference of evaluative terms nor a theory of the truth-conditions for evaluative statements. Rather, he sees evaluative language simply as having the non-representational function of prescribing actions and practical attitudes, its superficially representational appearance notwithstanding. I marshal the evidence for this prescriptivist reading of Hobbes on evaluative language and show how it (...)
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  9. Figures du signe à l’'ge classique : Port-Royal – Hobbes – Locke.Hélène Leblanc - 2016 - Methodos 16.
    Ce mini-dossier compte parmi les résultats d’un travail de séminaire de longue haleine, développé au cours d’un cycle de trois ans, portant sur les théories philosophiques du signe de l’Antiquité à nos jours, organisé à l’UMR STL 8163 par Claudio Majolino et Laurent Cesalli. Au sein de l’arc temporel visé par ce séminaire, le XVIIe siècle avait d’emblée une place privilégiée : conçu comme un siècle de rupture qui inaugure la période moderne, il illustre surtout, en particulier dep...
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  10. Le signe et les fondements de la certitude chez Hobbes.Éric Marquer - 2016 - Methodos 16.
    Hobbes établit une distinction entre signes certains et signes incertains, qui correspond à la distinction entre science et prudence. Mais il précise toutefois que les signes de la science ne sont pas tous certains, ni infaillibles. Cette recommandation n’est pas tant une critique de la science, qu’une mise en garde adressée à ceux qui renoncent à leur jugement naturel et s’en remettent aveuglément à l’autorité des livres. La certitude dépend donc d’un bon usage des signes de la part du sujet (...)
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  11. Le Signe Et les Fondements de la Certitude Chez HobbesSign and the Foundations of Certainty in Hobbes.Éric Marquer - 2016 - Methodos 16.
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  12. Language and Curiosity in Hobbes’ Philosophical Anthropology.Oberto Marrama - 2016 - Science Et Esprit 68 (1):71-81.
    This article shows how the specific interaction and mutual dependence between language and curiosity accounts for the more general dialectic between reason and passion in Hobbes’ philosophy, providing the distinguishing trait of human beings and their behaviour.
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  13. Significato, Falsità Ed Errore in Thomas Hobbes.Gianni Paganini - 2016 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 71 (4):579-598.
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  14. Hobbes and Modern Political Thought.Yves Charles Zarka - 2016 - Edinburgh University Press.
  15. The Absence of Reference in Hobbes’ Philosophy of Language.Arash Abizadeh - 2015 - Philosophers' Imprint 15.
    Against the dominant view in contemporary Hobbes scholarship, I argue that Hobbes’ philosophy of language implicitly denies that linguistic expressions refer to anything. I defend this thesis both textually, in light of what Hobbes actually said, and contextually, in light of Hobbes’ desertion of the vocabulary of suppositio, which was prevalent in semantics leading up to Hobbes. Hobbes explained away the apparent fact of linguistic reference via a reductive analysis: the relation between words and things wholly reduces to a composite (...)
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  16. A paixão e a linguagem na mecânica da paz política no leviatã de Thomas Hobbes.Francisco Luciano Teixeira Filho - 2015 - Argumentos 7 (14):100-112.
    O artigo trata da ideia de paz política desde a mecânica dos corpos no Leviatã de Thomas Hobbes. Buscou-se compreender como um pressuposto egoísta pode chegar a uma ideia de consenso pela linguagem.
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  17. Hobbes, Definitions, and Simplest Conceptions.Marcus P. Adams - 2014 - Hobbes Studies 27 (1):35-60.
    Several recent commentators argue that Thomas Hobbes’s account of the nature of science is conventionalist. Engaging in scientific practice on a conventionalist account is more a matter of making sure one connects one term to another properly rather than checking one’s claims, e.g., by experiment. In this paper, I argue that the conventionalist interpretation of Hobbesian science accords neither with Hobbes’s theoretical account in De corpore and Leviathan nor with Hobbes’s scientific practice in De homine and elsewhere. Closely tied to (...)
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  18. Ambiguity, "Leviathan", and the Question of Ultimate Interpreter.Dražen Pehar - 2014 - Prolegomena 13 (1):21-44.
    This essay aims to present, but not fully substantiate, a way of undermining the notion of ‘ultimate interpreter’ in the sense of ‘a limited, appointed or elected, institutional body.’ One effective way of such presentation is, as I argue, in terms of interpretation of Hobbes’s theory as a response to the problem of political ambiguity. Thus interpreted, Hobbes’s theory presses on us the choice between normative and non-normative view of language. If we endorse the former, the argument against ‘ultimate interpreter’ (...)
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  19. The Fate of Nebuchadnezzar: Curiosity and Human Nature in Hobbes.Kathryn Tabb - 2014 - Hobbes Studies 27 (1):13-34.
    This paper makes a case for the centrality of the passion of curiosity to Hobbes’s account of human nature. Hobbes describes curiosity as one of only a few capacities differentiating human beings from animals, and I argue that it is in fact the fundamen- tal cause of humanity’s uniqueness, generating other important difference-makers such as language, science and politics. I qualify Philip Pettit’s (2008) claim that Hobbes believes language to be the essence of human difference, contending that Pettit grants language (...)
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  20. Language as a Factor of Integration or Segregation in Modern States.Margarita Costa - 2011 - Hobbes Studies 24 (1):15-23.
    This paper aims at showing that Hobbes's theory of language, which allows men to communicate among themselves like no other animal species, is an importante factor in the integration of modern states. Both his nominalism and the fact that he considers language previous to reason play a role in the formation of social groups. This leads him, as Johnston points out, to make political order depend upon linguistic order. In consequence, Hobbes aims at building a political philosophy by introducing a (...)
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  21. Hobbes, Signification, and Insignificant Names.Stewart Duncan - 2011 - Hobbes Studies 24 (2):158-178.
    The notion of signification is an important part of Hobbes's philosophy of language. It also has broader relevance, as Hobbes argues that key terms used by his opponents are insignificant. However Hobbes's talk about names' signification is puzzling, as he appears to have advocated conflicting views. This paper argues that Hobbes endorsed two different views of names' signification in two different contexts. When stating his theoretical views about signification, Hobbes claimed that names signify ideas. Elsewhere he talked as if words (...)
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  22. Language and Semiotics.Jaap Maat - 2011 - In Desmond M. Clarke & Catherine Wilson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe. Oxford University Press.
    This article explores the radical changes in the relationship between philosophy and the study of language in early modern Europe. It describes the context in which questions concerning language were approached in early modern Europe and outlines some aspects of the disciplines traditionally concerned with language, which include logic, grammar, and rhetoric. It discusses the views of language held by some of the most influential philosophers of the period including Francis Bacon, René Descartes, and Thomas Hobbes.
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  23. Coercive Theories of Meaning or Why Language Shouldn't Matter (So Much) to Philosophy.Charles R. Pigden - 2010 - Logique Et Analyse 53 (210):151.
    This paper is a critique of coercive theories of meaning, that is, theories (or criteria) of meaning designed to do down ones opponents by representing their views as meaningless or unintelligible. Many philosophers from Hobbes through Berkeley and Hume to the pragmatists, the logical positivists and (above all) Wittgenstein have devised such theories and criteria in order to discredit their opponents. I argue 1) that such theories and criteria are morally obnoxious, a) because they smack of the totalitarian linguistic tactics (...)
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  24. Brill Online Books and Journals.Martin A. Bertman, Gary B. Herbert, Giuseppe Duso, Juhana Lemetti & Jani Hakkarainen - 2009 - Hobbes Studies 22 (2).
  25. Book Symposium: Hobbes and Political Theory Introduction: Hobbes, Language and Liberty.Richard Bourke - 2009 - Hobbes Studies 22 (2):161-170.
    Hobbes's place in the history of political philosophy is a highly controversial one. An international symposium held at Queen Mary, University of London in February 2009 was devoted to debating his significance and legacy. The event focussed on recent books on Hobbes by Quentin Skinner and Philip Pettit, and was organised around four commentaries on these new works by distinguished scholars. This paper is designed to introduce the subject of the symposium together with the commentaries and subsequent responses from Petit (...)
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  26. Hobbes, Language and Philip Pettit.Hannah Dawson - 2009 - Hobbes Studies 22 (2):219-230.
    In this article I explore two aspects of Pettit's thesis about Hobbes' innovation with regard to the transformative and central role of language in thought and politics. First, I argue that while Hobbes had many debts to both traditionalists and innovators, he did break new ground in characterising language as in some ways constitutive of thought - a conclusion he came to as a consequence not only of his extreme nominalism, but also of his views on the exceptional sensibility of (...)
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  27. Review of James R. Martel, Subverting the Leviathan. [REVIEW]Stewart Duncan - 2009 - Restoration, Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660-1700 33:57-9.
  28. Thomas Hobbes.Stewart Duncan - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), whose current reputation rests largely on his political philosophy, was a thinker with wide ranging interests. In philosophy, he defended a range of materialist, nominalist, and empiricist views against Cartesian and Aristotelian alternatives. In physics, his work was influential on Leibniz, and lead him into disputes with Boyle and the experimentalists of the early Royal Society. In history, he translated Thucydides's History of the Peloponnesian War into English, and later wrote his own history of the Long Parliament. (...)
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  29. Made With Words: Hobbes on Language, Mind and Politics.R. E. Ewin - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (4):678-681.
  30. Book ReviewsPhilip Pettit,. Made with Words: Hobbes on Language, Mind, and Politics.Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008. Pp. 192. $29.95. [REVIEW]S. A. Lloyd - 2009 - Ethics 119 (3):590-594.
  31. Made with Words: Hobbes on Language, Mind, and Politics. By Philip Pettitt Lessons From a Materialist Thinker: Hobbesian Reflections on Ethics and Politics. By Samantha Frost.Patrick Madigan - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (2):323-324.
  32. De quel langage intérieur Hobbes est-il le théoricien?Martine Pécharman - 2009 - In J. Biard (ed.), Le Langage Mental du Moyen Âge à l'Âge Classique. Peeters Publishers. pp. 265-291.
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  33. Made with Words: Hobbes on Language, Mind, and Politics.Philip Pettit - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    He has an astonishing range, and in this book he expands it still further. More than a mere introduction, Made with Words offers a coherent and well-argued picture of most of the main components of Hobbes's wide-ranging philosophy.
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  34. Response to Commentaries on Made with Words.Philip Pettit - 2009 - Hobbes Studies 22 (2):208-218.
    This reply argues five points, in response to the commentaries on my book, “Made with Words”. First, that Hobbes's theory of language may have supported his materialism, as his materialism supported the theory of language. Second, that for Hobbes legal penalties as such do not take from freedom, only legal obligations. Third, that his emphasis on maker's knowledge explains his theory of a priori demonstrable knowledge and, in particular, the importance he gives to definitions. Fourth, that Hobbes's theory of the (...)
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  35. Review of Philip Pettit, Made with Words: Hobbes on Language, Mind, and Politics[REVIEW]Matthew Priselac - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (1).
  36. Hobbes y la tragedia del lenguaje.Eduardo Rinesi - 2009 - Dois Pontos 6 (3).
    Lo que el título de este artículo designa como “la tragedia del lenguaje” constituye una de las dimensiones del “trasfondo trágico” sobre el que se recortan las líneas mayores de la gran teoría política moderna. Me gustaría mostrar que hay una dimensión propiamente trágica en el pensamiento de Hobbes y que una parte importante de la tragedia con la que lidia el autor del Leviatán es la que se refiere a las palabras y sus significados, e ilustrar este punto a (...)
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  37. Reason as Reckoning: Hobbes's Natural Law as Right Reason.Jeffrey Barnouw - 2008 - Hobbes Studies 21 (1):38-62.
    Hobbes conception of reason as computation or reckoning is significantly different in Part I of De Corpore from what I take to be the later treatment in Leviathan. In the late actual computation with words starts with making an affirmation, framing a proposition. Reckoning then has to do with the consequences of propositions, or how they connect the facts, states of affairs or actions which they refer tor account. Starting from this it can be made clear how Hobbes understood the (...)
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  38. No Letters: Hobbes and 20th-Century Philosophy of Language.W. P. Grundy - 2008 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (4):486-512.
    The author argues that Thomas Hobbes anticipates a set of questions about meaning and semantic order that come to fuller expression in the 20th century, in the writings of W.V.O. Quine, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Donald Davidson, Jacques Derrida, and Richard Rorty. Despite their different points of departure, these 20th-century writers pose a number of profound questions about the conditions for the stability of meaning, and about the conditions that govern the use of the term “language” itself. Though the more recent debate (...)
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  39. Philip Pettit: Made With Words: Hobbes on Language, Mind, and Politics. Princeton University Press, Princeton, Oxford, 2008.Teresa Mata López - 2008 - Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 8:226-228.
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  40. Epistemología y lenguaje en Thomas Hobbes. Construcción de conceptos y unidad epistémica.Antonio Pintor-Ramos - 2008 - Logos (La Salle) 14:137-141.
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  41. Made With Words: Hobbes on Language, Mind, and Politics. [REVIEW]Jeremy Waldron - 2008 - Political Theory 36 (6):883-889.
  42. Review of Karen S. Feldman, Binding Words: Conscience and Rhetoric in Hobbes, Hegel, and Heidegger[REVIEW]John Russon - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (2).
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  43. Image, Rhetoric, and Politics in the Early Thomas Hobbes.Todd Wayne Butler - 2006 - Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (3):465-487.
  44. Binding Words : Conscience and Rhetoric in Hobbes, Hegel, and Heidegger.Karen S. Feldman - 2006 - Northwestern University Press.
    The concept of binding force is at stake in this book on two different levels: there is an investigation of how, within the work of Hobbes, Hegel and Heidegger, conscience is described as binding upon us; and further, Feldman considers how ...
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  45. Hobbes’s Radical Nominalism.Gordon Hull - 2006 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (1):201-223.
    This paper analyzes Hobbes’s understanding of signification, the process whereby words come to have meaning. Most generally, Hobbes develops and extends the nominalist critique of universals as it is found in Ockham and subsequently carried forward by early moderns such as Descartes. Hobbes’s radicality emerges in comparison with Ockham and Descartes, as, unlike them, Hobbes also reduces the intellectual faculty entirely to imagination. According to Hobbes, we have nothing in which a stabilizing, pre-discursive mental language could inhere. Hobbes thus concludes (...)
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  46. Algumas Observações Acerca Do Discurso Mental E Do Discurso Verbal Em Thomas Hobbes.Wladimir Barreto Lisboa - 2006 - Dois Pontos 3 (1).
    resumo Este artigo procura destacar algumas características do discurso racional em Thomas Hobbes. São analisadas as noções de prudência e ciência. O conhecimento racional repousará na possibilidade de construir, no discurso, um sinal – vox humana – que se sobreponha às marcas – notae – criadas pelos homens para excitar em nosso espírito um pensamento anterior. A seguir, são expostas as noções de proposição, nomes positivos e nomes negativos. Tais noções exibirão o determinismo hobbesiano, elemento determinante não apenas de sua (...)
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  47. Linguagem E Verdade Em Leibniz E Hobbes.Vivianne Moreira - 2006 - Analytica. Revista de Filosofia 10 (2):45-87.
    The aim of this article is to identify some elements of Leibniz's criticism of Hobbes which could shed some light on the reasons that conduced Leibniz to adopt his intentional conception of truth. More specifically, I will try to identify some conclusions that Leibniz draws concerning the Hobbesian conception of truth, and then, to identify, on the basis of those conclusions, what Leibniz thought to be the way of preventing the errors he ascribes to Hobbes.
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  48. Hobbes y el problema de la verdad.Carolina Rodríguez Rodríguez - 2006 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 10:14-20.
    The article presents a critical discussion between the conventional and ultranominalistic interpretations as opposed to the idea of truth discussed by Thomas Hobbes. The alternative offered to these points of view has to do with the defense of a moderate nominalism linked with materialistic commitments. It describes the criterion of truth from a double procedure having in mind the linguistic analysis of the statements as well as its empiric verification. It is hoped to make a contribution to the understanding of (...)
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  49. Ignes Fatui or Apt Similitudes ?- the Apparent Denunciation of Metaphor by Thomas Hobbes1.Andreas Musolff - 2005 - Hobbes Studies 18 (1):96-112.
    Thomas Hobbes's condemnation of metaphor as one of the chief "abuses of speech" in Leviathan occupies a famous place in the history of thinking about metaphor. From the viewpoint of cognitive metaphor theory, George Lakoff and Mark Johnson have depicted Hobbes and John Locke as the founding fathers of a tradition in which "metaphor and other figurative devices [became] objects of scorn". Similar verdicts on Hobbes and on Locke as arch-detractors of metaphor can be found in many other accounts of (...)
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  50. Una guía bibliográfica para el estudio de la filosofía del lenguaje en Thomas Hobbes.Carolina Rodríguez Rodríguez - 2005 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 8:101-109.
    Thomas Hobbes has normally been considered a political philosopher. The bibliographic exploration that is presented below makes up an unfailing testimony of two things: first of all, the outstanding place of language in the thought of Hobbes; second, the fundamental value that Hobbes’ thinking provides for the later development of the philosophy of language, and specially, of the analytic tendencies.
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