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  1. added 2019-05-13
    Book Review: Zahle, Julie, Collin, FinnRethinking the Individualism-Holism Debate, Berlin: Springer, 2014. 255 Pp. $129 . ISBN: 978-3-319-05342-1. [REVIEW]Catherine Herfeld - 2018 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 48 (2):247-261.
    Rethinking the Individualism-Holism Debate edited by Julie Zahle and Finn Collin is reviewed. Each of the contributions contained in the volume is summarized. The review concludes by assessing the volume’s usefulness for bringing clarity into the debate in the light of the editors’ self-set goal of rethinking the individualism-holism debate as one of the more important yet confused debates in philosophy of the social sciences.
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  2. added 2019-05-13
    Applied Philosophy of Social Science: The Social Construction of Race.Isaac Wiegman & Ron Mallon - 2017 - In Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Kimberley Brownlee & David Coady (eds.), A Companion to Applied Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Wiley Blackwell. pp. 441-454.
    A traditional social scientific divide concerns the centrality of the interpretation of local understandings as opposed to attending to relatively general factors in understanding human individual and group differences. We consider one of the most common social scientific variables, race, and ask how to conceive of its causal power. We suggest that any plausible attempt to model the causal effects of such constructed social roles will involve close interplay between interpretationist and more general elements. Thus, we offer a case study (...)
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  3. added 2019-05-08
    Homo Oeconomicus.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1998 - In Heinz Kurz & Neri Salvadori (eds.), The Elgar Companion to Classical Economics. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. pp. 377-381.
    A brief reconstruction of the birth, rise and ironical destiny of an almost universal expansion to other disciplines going with a dissolution within the original birthplace of the conception of an economic man, a male-only abstraction forgetful of its own abstract character.
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  4. added 2019-05-06
    The Analytical Micro–Macro Relationship in Social Science and Its Implications for the Individualism-Holism Debate.Gustav Ramström - 2018 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 48 (5):474-500.
    This article argues that the tradition within the individualism-holism debate of importing arguments from the micro–macro discussion in other disciplines significantly has hampered our understanding of the “individual-social” relationship. While, for example, the “neural-mental” and “atomic-molecular” links represent empirical “gives rise to” relationships, in the social sciences the micro–macro link is a purely analytical “qualifies as” type of relationship. This disanalogy is important, since it has significant implications for the individualism-holism debate: it implies a phenomenally monist social ontology and it (...)
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  5. added 2019-04-17
    The Integral Jan Smuts.Guy Pierre Du Plessis & Robert Weathers - 2015 - Paper Presented at The Fourth International Integral Theory Conference, CA: San Francisco, 19 July 2015.
  6. added 2019-04-05
    Adam Smith antiutilitarista.Sergio Cremaschi - 2005 - la Società Degli Individui 8 (24):17-32.
    I argue that Adam Smith, far from being a utilitarian as claimed by Alain Caillé, was instead a semi-sceptical philosopher who defended a pluralistic normative ethics of prudence, justice, benevolence, and, far from being the founder of the science of a system self-produced by the interaction of individual self-interests, was a sharp critic of the practices of the commercial society of his time in the name of liberty, justice, and equality. In a word, was from being the putative father of (...)
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  7. added 2019-02-28
    Integration, Community, and the Medical Model of Social Injustice.Alex Madva - forthcoming - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    I defend an empirically-oriented approach to the analysis and remediation of social injustice. My springboard for this argument is a debate—principally represented here between Tommie Shelby and Elizabeth Anderson, but with much deeper historical roots and many flowering branches—about whether racial-justice advocacy should prioritize integration (bringing different groups together) or community development (building wealth and political power within the black community). Although I incline toward something closer to Shelby’s “egalitarian pluralist” approach over Anderson’s single-minded emphasis on integration, many of Shelby’s (...)
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  8. added 2019-02-09
    Aristotelian Distributive Justice: Holism or Egalitarianism. Di Wu - 2017 - Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology(Social Science Edition), 31 (6):60-64.
    Different understanding on Aristotelian distributive justice results in two main factions: holism and egalitarianism. Dennis McKerlie, one of the representatives of holism, criticized Martha Nussbaum's interpretation as an egalitarian. McKerlie argued that Nussbaum did not attach enough importance to the Proportional equality and Aristotelian Common good, as well as a deviation in the understanding of the concept of distribution. The defense of egalitarianism is that Aristotle's emphasis on the rational equality of citizens and the ontological presupposition of primal equality show (...)
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  9. added 2019-01-26
    Podmiot, system, nowoczesność.Andrzej W. Nowak - 2011 - Poznań, Polska: Adam Mickiewicz Philosophy Departmen Press.
  10. added 2019-01-13
    The Irreducibility of Collective Obligations.Allard Tamminga & Frank Hindriks - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-25.
    Individualists claim that collective obligations are reducible to the individual obligations of the collective’s members. Collectivists deny this. We set out to discover who is right by way of a deontic logic of collective action that models collective actions, abilities, obligations, and their interrelations. On the basis of our formal analysis, we argue that when assessing the obligations of an individual agent, we need to distinguish individual obligations from member obligations. If a collective has a collective obligation to bring about (...)
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  11. added 2018-11-22
    Relating Traditional and Academic Ecological Knowledge: Mechanistic and Holistic Epistemologies Across Cultures.David Ludwig & Luana Poliseli - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (5-6):43.
    Current debates about the integration of traditional and academic ecological knowledge struggle with a dilemma of division and assimilation. On the one hand, the emphasis on differences between traditional and academic perspectives has been criticized as creating an artificial divide that brands TEK as “non-scientific” and contributes to its marginalization. On the other hand, there has been increased concern about inadequate assimilation of Indigenous and other traditional perspectives into scientific practices that disregards the holistic nature and values of TEK. The (...)
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  12. added 2018-11-08
    Societal Laws.Maurice Mandelbaum - 1957 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (31):211-224.
  13. added 2018-10-24
    Rejoinder to Bissell, Register, and Sciabarra: Keeping Context in Context: The Limits of Dialectics.Roderick T. Long - 2002 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 3 (2):401 - 422.
    Roderick T. Long defends his criticisms (in "The Benefits and Hazards of Dialectical Iibertarianism," Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Spring 2001) of Chris Sciabarra's theory of dialectics. Long argues, against Sciabarra and Roger Bissell, that embracing dialectics as a general methodology commits one to an internalist ontology; and he argues, against Bryan Register, that an internalist ontology is indefensible. Long concludes, however, that dialectics is still an indispensable methodological tool, so long as its scope is not exaggerated.
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  14. added 2018-08-29
    Modéliser le social. Méthodes fondatrices et évolutions récentes.Franck Varenne - 2011 - Paris, France: Dunod.
    Cet ouvrage très pédagogique informe les étudiants sur les méthodes quantitatives les plus classiques comme les plus récentes en sciences sociales, et notamment sur les différentes pratiques de modélisation et de simulation informatique des systèmes sociaux (sciences sociales computationnelles ou modèles informatiques).
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  15. added 2018-07-12
    Methodological Altruism as an Alternative Foundation for Individual Optimization.Christian Arnsperger - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (2):115-136.
    Can economics, which is based on the notion of individual optimization, really model individuals who have a sense of exteriority? This question, derived both from Marcel Mauss's sociological analysis of the social norm of gift-giving and from Emmanuel Levinas's phenomenological analysis of the idea of 'otherness,' leads to the problem of whether it is possible to model altruism with the tool of optimization. By investigating the ways in which economic theory can address this challenge, and by introducing a postulate of (...)
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  16. added 2018-06-01
    Zur Emergenz des Sozialen bei Niklas Luhmann.Simon Lohse - 2011 - Zeitschrift für Soziologie 40:190-207.
    Der Artikel diskutiert Niklas Luhmanns Konzeption von Kommunikation als emergentem Phänomen. Erstens soll gezeigt werden, dass sich Luhmann, entgegen jüngster Einwände, in der Tat als sozialer Emergentist rekonstruieren und als solcher in die aktuelle Debatte um Reduktion und Emergenz des Sozialen einordnen lässt. Zweitens soll dadurch Licht auf die generellen Probleme und Voraussetzungen einer emergentistischen Soziologie geworfen werden. Um diese Ziele zu erreichen, wird zunächst geklärt, welche Positionen sich in der Soziologie grundsätzlich gegenüber stehen und auf welcher Grundlage Luhmann als (...)
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  17. added 2018-01-15
    From Plural to Institutional Agency: Collective Action II.Kirk Ludwig - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Kirk Ludwig presents a philosophical account of institutional action, such as action by corporations and nation states. He argues that it can be fully understood in terms of the agency of individuals, and concepts derived from our understanding of individual action. He thus argues for a strong form of methodological individualism.
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  18. added 2017-07-09
    How Human Life Could Be Unintended but Meaningful: A Reply to Tartaglia.Brooke Alan Trisel - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy of Life 7 (1):160-179.
    The question “What is the meaning of life?” is longstanding and important, but has been shunned by philosophers for decades. Instead, contemporary philosophers have focused on other questions, such as “What gives meaning to the life of a person?” According to James Tartaglia, this research on “meaning in life” is shallow and pointless. He urges philosophers to redirect their attention back to the fundamental question about “meaning of life.” Tartaglia argues that humanity was not created for a purpose and, therefore, (...)
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  19. added 2017-04-08
    The Fragile Nature of the Social Mind: A Commentary on Alva Noë.Kyselo Miriam - 2016 - In Thomas Metzinger & Jennifer Windt (eds.), Open MIND. Cambridge: MIT. pp. 0-0.
    In this paper I argue that while Noë’s actionist approach offers an excellent elaboration of classical approaches to conceptual understanding, it risks underestimating the role of social interactions and relations. Noë’s approach entails a form of body-based individualism according to which understanding is something the mind does all by itself. I propose that we adopt a stronger perspective on the role of sociality and consider the human mind in terms of socially enacted autonomy. On this view, the mind depends constitutively (...)
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  20. added 2017-02-16
    The Lasting Elements of Individualism.William Ernest Hocking - 1939 - Philosophical Review 48 (5):549-551.
  21. added 2017-02-15
    [Review] Jeremy Gilbert Common Ground: Democracy and Collectivity in an Age of Individualism.Francesco Di Bernardo - unknown
    Jeremy Gilbert’s new book is an intellectually compelling work which not only provides a detailed and rigorous account of the philosophical, cultural and historical formation of individualism in Western world and its latest developments under the aegis of neoliberal cultural hegemony, but most importantly seeks to envisage viable alternatives to both the hegemonic culture of competitive individualism and to conservative communitarianism.
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  22. added 2017-02-15
    From Interpretation to Construction: Guo Xiang's Ontological Individualism.Vincent Shen - 2013 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 40 (S1):171-188.
    Guo Xiang's ontological individualism represents a case of philosophical construction based on his interpretation of the Zhuangzi. His concept of the self-transformation of the individual who is self-born, with self-nature and without dependence on others supports the idea of individual autonomy. Nevertheless, each individual's act for self-interest still benefits other individuals in a non-teleological mutual accommodation. The path from duhua of each individual on the level of existence, to the xiangyin among individuals on the level of action consequence, to the (...)
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  23. added 2017-02-15
    Three Theories of Individualism.Philip Schuyler Bishop - unknown
    This thesis traces versions of the theory of individualism by three major theorists, John Locke, John Stuart Mill and John Dewey, as they criticize existing social, cultural, economic, legal and military conditions of their times. I argue that each theorist modifies the theory of individualism to best suit their understanding of human nature, adapting it where they can and outright removing aspects where they cannot. Based upon each thinker's conception of human nature, their corresponding theory of individualism does justice to (...)
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  24. added 2017-02-15
    Individualism and Local Control.Ronald de Sousa - 1994 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (sup1):185-205.
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  25. added 2017-02-15
    Individualism and Society Today-12 Theses.Cl Depinay - 1989 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 86:15-31.
  26. added 2017-02-14
    Classical Individualism: The Supreme Importance of Each Human Being.Tibor R. Machan - 1998 - Routledge.
    In Classical Individualism , Tibor R. Machan argues that individualism is far from being dead. Machan identifies, develops and defends what he calls classical individualism - an individualism humanised by classical philosophy, rooted in Aristotle rather than Hobbes. This book does not reject the social nature of human beings, but finds that every one has a self-directed agent who is responsible for what he or she does. Machan rejects all types of collectivism, including communitarianism, ethnic solidarity, racial unity, and gender (...)
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  27. added 2017-02-14
    Individualism and Solidarity Today: Twelve Theses.C. L. D'Epinay - 1991 - Theory, Culture and Society 8 (2):57-74.
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  28. added 2017-02-14
    Individualism and the Historical and Social-Structural Determinants of Peoples Concern Over Self-Directedness and Effacy.Carmi Schooler - 1990 - In Judith Rodin, Carmi Schooler & K. Warner Schaie (eds.), Self-Directedness: Cause and Effects Throughout the Life Course. L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 19--50.
  29. added 2017-02-13
    Collective Intelligence and Ethical Individualism.Richard Volkman - 2013 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 43 (1):36-46.
  30. added 2017-02-13
    Individualism and Holism in Chinese Tradition: The Religious Cultural Context.Thomas Berry - 2003 - In Weiming Tu & Mary Evelyn Tucker (eds.), Confucian Spirituality. Crossroad Pub. Company. pp. 1--39.
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  31. added 2017-02-13
    Biases of Social Policy as Consequences of Micro-Macro Problems.James S. Coleman - 2000 - In Raymond Boudon & Mohamed Cherkaoui (eds.), Central Currents in Social Theory. Sage Publications. pp. 8--257.
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  32. added 2017-02-13
    Neo-Confucian Individualism and Holism.William T. de Bary - 1985 - In Donald J. Munro (ed.), Individualism and Holism: Studies in Confucian and Taoist Values. Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan.
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  33. added 2017-02-12
    Student Communities and Individualism in American Cinema.Bryan R. Warnick, Heather S. Dawson, D. Spencer Smith & Bethany Vosburg-Bluem - 2010 - Educational Studies: Journal of the American Educational Studies Association 46 (2):168-191.
    Hollywood films partially construct how Americans think about education. Recent work on the representation of schools in American cinema has highlighted the role of class difference in shaping school film genres. It has also advanced the idea that a nuanced understanding of American individualism helps to explain why the different class genres are shaped as they are. This article attempts to refine this theoretical approach by focusing on the paradox of individualism, which suggests that individualism must always be dependent on (...)
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  34. added 2017-02-12
    In Defence of Individualism.Samuel Brittan - 2000 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 45:7-21.
    There are many writers and critics who regard what they call ‘individualist-liberalism’ as the root of many of the evils of the modern world; and the emphasis of their attack is on the individualist half of the term. Those who take this line nowadays often call them-selves ‘communitarians’. I would prefer to call them collectivists, as that brings out their dangerous tendency to regard the group as more important than the individuals of whom it is composed. But in what follows (...)
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  35. added 2017-02-11
    De‐Homogenizing American Individualism: Socializing Hard and Soft Individualism in Manhattan and Queens.Adrie Suzanne Kusserow - 1999 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 27 (2):210-234.
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  36. added 2017-02-09
    The Empowered Self: Law and Society in the Age of Individualism.Thomas Franck - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    This book examines the historic trend to individualism and shows why it is both irreversible and unthreatening to our sense of community. As people become free to choose the multiple components of their identity---religion, nationality, profession, sexuality-they take advantage of their new freedom, and the communications revolution, to form a freely chosen affiliations. While these may no longer be based primarily on geography and genetics, they nevertheless generate powerful new imagined communities that will affect the way we live, work, and (...)
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  37. added 2017-02-08
    Realism, Reflexivity, Conflation, and Individualism.Mark Carrigan - 2010 - Journal of Critical Realism 9 (3):384-396.
    The theoretical work on individualization undertaken by Zygmunt Bauman, Ulrich Beck and Anthony Giddens has possessed an enduring influence within sociology. The New Individualism is a recent formulation of this older body of work. In this review essay I critically assess the book from the perspective of the recent work of Margaret Archer. I argue that while much of it is plagued by methodological and empirical inadequacies there are questioned posed by it, as well as by the individualization literature more (...)
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  38. added 2017-02-08
    The Enlightenment's Concept of the Individual and its Contemporary Criticism.Adam J. Chmielewski - 2007 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):41-59.
    Communitarian social philosophy was born in opposition to some tenets of liberalism. Liberal individualism has been among its most strongly contested claims. In their criticisms, the communitarians point to the Enlightenment’s sources of the individualist vision of society and morality. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that, even if the communitarian line of argument has been justified in more than one way, it is at the same time important to remember that the greatest figure of the Scottish Enlightenment, (...)
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  39. added 2017-02-08
    Methodological Individualism and Marx: Some Remarks on Jon Elster, Game Theory, and Other Things.Robert Paul Wolff - 1990 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):469 - 486.
  40. added 2017-02-08
    Institutional Individualism and the Emergence of Scientific Rationality.Ronald Curtis - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (1):77-113.
  41. added 2017-02-07
    For Structure: A Critique of Ontological Individualism.Martha E. Gimenez - 2003 - Journal of Critical Realism 2 (2).
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  42. added 2017-02-07
    Some European Reflections About Individualism.Jan Kerkhofs - 1998 - Ethical Perspectives 5 (2):102-108.
  43. added 2017-02-07
    Courageous or Indifferent Individualism.Robert N. Bellah - 1998 - Ethical Perspectives 5 (2):92-101.
    ‘Courageous or Indifferent Individualism’ is the subject on which I have been asked to speak, and I must first attempt to interpret what the conveners of this conference had in mind in asking me to speak on this subject. First of all, individualism must be taken for granted as our fate as modern persons; but, second, there is more than one kind of individualism and we must discriminate between them. Courage is the first, though not the highest, of the classical (...)
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  44. added 2017-02-07
    Book Review:Holism and Evolution. J. C. Smuts. [REVIEW]C. D. Burns - 1927 - Ethics 37 (3):314-.
  45. added 2017-02-07
    Book Review:Individualism. Warner Fite. [REVIEW]Charles A. Ellwood - 1912 - Ethics 22 (3):348-.
  46. added 2017-02-07
    Book Review:The Coming Individualism. Egmont Hake, O. E. Wesslau. [REVIEW]A. W. Flux - 1896 - Ethics 7 (1):98-.
  47. added 2017-02-03
    Individualism and the Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Murray Newton Rothbard - 1979 - Cato Institute.
  48. added 2017-02-03
    The Rise and Fall of the Individual.William Purcell Witcutt - 1958 - London: S.P.C.K..
  49. added 2017-02-02
    Individualism and Collectivism in Moral and Social Thought.John D. Greenwood - 2003 - In Kim Chong Chong, Sor-Hoon Tan & C. L. Ten (eds.), The Moral Circle and the Self: Chinese and Western Approaches. Open Court.
  50. added 2017-02-02
    The Many Faces of Individualism.Anton van Harskamp & A. W. Musschenga (eds.) - 2001 - Peeters.
    This volume aims to address this task. the central concepts, the essays in Part One focus on the sociological prevalence of individualism and on the multi ...
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