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  1. Joseph Agassi (1987). Methodological Individualism and Institutional Individualism. In Joseph Agassi & I. C. Jarvie (eds.), Rationality: The Critical View. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 119--150.
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  2. John Altmann, Artificial Brains & Holographic Bodies: Facing the Questions of Progress.
    This essay discusses the ambitious plans of one Dmitry Itskov who by 2045 wishes to see immortality achieved by way of Artificial Brains and Holographic Bodies. I discuss the ethical implications of such a possibility coming to pass.
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  3. David Askew, Sugi Sakae's Theory of "Social Individualism".
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  4. Nimrod Bar-Am (2010). Individual Ahoy! Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (2):319-324.
    Classical thinking on rationality regards it as an all-or-nothing affair. It thus fails to account for the fact that institutions are powerful social factors that frame the contexts within which rational agents supposedly exercise their ability to choose. This poses the classic dilemma: should social explanation refer to individual decisions or to institutions? Wettersten skillfully criticizes some of the most advanced solutions to it, and attempts to formulate a better explanatory unit for the social sciences: the partially rational individual. Since (...)
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  5. T. J. Berard (2005). Rethinking Practices and Structures. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (2):196-230.
    Social theory remains puzzled by the relation between practices and structures, or the link between ‘micro’ and ‘macro’. Grand theorists including Giddens and Bourdieu have gained distinction for their writings on these questions, trying to marry insights and concerns of a ‘micro’ sociological nature with traditional ‘macro’ structural questions including inequality, power relations, and social reproduction. These theorists arguably fail, however, in their attempts to move social theory beyond traditional dualisms. Relevant but neglected contributions from ethnomethodology are introduced and compared (...)
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  6. Rajeev Bhargava (1992). Individualism in Social Science: Forms and Limits of a Methodology. Oxford University Press UK.
    The literature on methodological individualism is characterized by a widely held view that if the doctrine were stated with sufficient care it would be seen to be trivially true. Professor Bhargava questions this view. He begins by carefully disentangling the various formulations of the doctrine, identifies its most plausible version, and finally locates the principal assumption underlying it, namely that beliefs are attitudes individuated entirely in terms of what lies within the individual mind. Bhargava argues that once this individualist assumption (...)
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  7. Rajeev Bhargava (1988). The Forms and Limits of Methodological Individualism. Dissertation, University of Oxford (United Kingdom)
    Available from UMI in association with The British Library. Requires signed TDF. ;It is frequently asserted that the debate between individualists and non-individualists is futile and that a suitably modified methodological individualism is trivially true. This thesis seeks to challenge this assertion, and to revive the debate by first identifying a plausible version of methodological individualism and then by outlining a non-individualist alternative. ;Identifying a plausible version of methodological individualism is not easy because the doctrine is rarely stated with clarity (...)
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  8. Samuel Black (1991). Individualism at an Impasse. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (3):347 - 377.
  9. Kieran Bonner (2010). Peter McHugh and Analysis: The One and the Many, the Universal and the Particular, the Whole and the Part. [REVIEW] Human Studies 33 (2):253-269.
    This paper takes the passing of Peter McHugh as an occasion to examine the intellectual development of his work. The paper is mainly focused on the product of his collaboration with his colleague and friend, Alan Blum. As such, it addresses the tradition of social inquiry, Analysis, which they cofounded. It traces the influence of Harold Garfinkel’s Ethnomethodology on McHugh and on the beginning of Analysis. The collaboration with Blum is examined through a variety of coauthored works but most especially (...)
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  10. Roland Breuer (1999). Individualism and Personalism. Ethical Perspectives 6 (1):67-81.
    I will discuss two opposed conceptions of the nature of the self and indicate the shortcomings of each approach, in order to go on to show something about self-involvement and singularity that is often overlooked. The two opposed conceptions deal with the self in different ways because they also deal differently with the relation between consciousness and the self as such. In the first conception, this relation remains external: reflection is not of the same order as the self and, conversely, (...)
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  11. Angela Brew (1988). Research as Learning. Dissertation, University of Bath (United Kingdom)
    Available from UMI in association with The British Library. ;This thesis develops a research methodology appropriate to the emerging post-positivist wholistic tradition. It presents a radical critique of positivism and sets out guidelines for a methodology which enables us to move to evolutionary wholism and beyond. ;The thesis is in two parts reflecting the two traditions. Part I is in the form of a traditional thesis. It looks at the methodology, influences, achievements and validity. Part II is an example of (...)
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  12. Martin Bridgstock & Michael Hyland (1978). The Nature of Individualist Explanation: A Further Analysis of Reduction. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 8 (3):265-269.
  13. J. R. Brown (1987). Unravelling Holism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 17 (3):427-433.
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  14. Krzysztof Brzechczyn (ed.) (2009). Idealization Xiii: Modeling in History. Rodopi.
    The book reveals different dimensions of modeling in the historical sciences. Papers collected in the first part (Ontology of the Historical Process) consider different models of historical reality and discuss their status. The second part (Modeling in the Methodology of History) presents various forms of idealization in historiographic research. The papers in the third part (Modeling in the Research Practice) present various models of past reality (e.g. of Poland, Central Europe and the general history of the feudal system) put forward (...)
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  15. M. Bunge (2000). Book Review: Reenchanted Science: Holism in German Culture From Wilhelm II to Hitler. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (1):124-126.
  16. Mario Bunge (2000). Ten Modes of Individualism--None of Which Works--And Their Alternatives. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (3):384-406.
    Individualism comes in at least ten modes: ontological, logical, semantic, epistemological, methodological, axiological, praxiological, ethical, historical, and political. These modes are bound together. For example, ontological individualism motivates the thesis that relations are n-tuples of individuals, as well as radical reductionism and libertarianism. The flaws and merits of all ten sides of the individualist decagon are noted. So are those of its holist counterpart. It is argued that systemism has all the virtues and none of the defects of individualism and (...)
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  17. Mario Bunge (1979). A Systems Concept of Society: Beyond Individualism and Holism. Theory and Decision 10 (1-4):13-30.
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  18. Marco Buzzoni (2004). Poppers Methodologischer Individualismus Und Die Sozialwissenschaften. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 35 (1):157-173.
    Popper's methodological individualism and the social sciences. Popper's philosophy of social sciences poses a dilemma that arises out of the two theses of methodological individualism and situational logic. In order to find a way out of this dilemma, one must raise the question concerning the epistemological and methodological status of the `laws' of the human sciences. There are indeed `rules' from which human actions depart mostly to a negligible extent, but they remain valid or stay in effect without exception only (...)
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  19. Alan F. Chalmers (1985). Methodological Individualism: An Incongruity in Popper's Philosophy. In Gregory Currie & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Popper and the Human Sciences. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 73--87.
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  20. M. Champagne (2013). One's a Crowd? On Greenwood's Delimitation of the Social. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (4):519-530.
    In an effort to carve a distinct place for social facts without lapsing into a holistic ontology, John Greenwood has sought to define social phenomena solely in terms of the attitudes held by the actor in question. I argue that his proposal allows for the possibility of a “lone collectivity” that is unpalatable in its own right and incompatible with the claim that sociology is autonomous from psychology. As such, I conclude that the relevant beliefs need to be held by (...)
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  21. D. P. Chattopadhyaya (1975). Individuals and Societies: A Methodological Inquiry. Scientific Book Agency.
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  22. D. P. Chattopadhyaya (1967). Individuals and Societies. New York: Allied Publishers.
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  23. Otto Martin Christensen (1996). INDIVIDUALISM Vs. HOLISM: The Story of a Dichotomy and its Relation to Social Reality. In Sirir Meyer Otto Martin Christensen (ed.), Kulturtekster 6: The Modern Subject. Center for the Study of European Civilization. pp. 63-92.
    In this article I try to investigate the possible insights one may reach by considering the development on the level of socio-philosophical theories as a symptom of the development taking place on the level of social practice.
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  24. André Clark (2003). Methodological Individualism, Cognitive Homogeneity and Environmental Determinism. Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (1):79-85.
    A study encompassing a number of UK Universities identified a widespread implicit environmental determinism employed in the teaching of Economics to business studies undergraduates. In this paper the author argues that this bias is an inevitable by-product of the methodological individualism adopted within mainstream economics. The author concludes that methodological individualism is, therefore, flawed both as a mechanism for accessing the reality of the business world and the power of firms within it, and for teaching others about that reality, particularly (...)
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  25. Andrew Jason Cohen (2012). Exchanges and Relationships. Social Theory and Practice 38 (2):231-257.
    Many social scientists think of exchange in terms far broader than philosophers. I defend the broader use of the term as well as the claim that meaningful human relationships are usefully understood as constituted by exchanges. I argue, though, that we must recognize that a great number of non-monetary and non-material goods are part of our daily lives and exchanges. Particularly important are emotional goods. I defend my view against the important objection that it demeans intimate relationships. As an addendum, (...)
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  26. Stephanie Collins (2014). Are 'Coalitions of the Willing' Moral Agents? Ethics and International Affairs 28 (1):online only.
    In this reply to an article of Toni Erskine's, I argue that coalitions of the willing are moral agents. They can therefore bear responsibility in their own right.
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  27. Jocelyne Couture (1996). Individualism in Social Science. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):303-329.
  28. Gregory Currie (2001). Methodological Individualism. In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 9755--60.
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  29. F. B. D'Agostino (1979). Individualism and Collectivism: The Case of Language. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 9 (1):27-47.
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  30. F. R. Dallmayr (1982). Agency and Structure. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12 (4):427-438.
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  31. Arthur C. Danto (1962). Methodological Individualism and Methodological Socialism. Filosofia 13 (4 Supplemento):626.
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  32. Pierre Demeulenaere (2000). Individualism and Holism: New Controversies in the Philosophy of Social Science. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 1 (2):3-16.
    The concept of holism is of great use in philosophy of science. But its meaning does not correspond to the traditional use of holism in social sciences. The aim of the paper is to criticize an attempt to link the two meanings. Such a confusion derives from a misunderstanding of methodological individualism which is erroneously considered to be an atomism. Since the concepts of holism can be related to many different meanings, and since there are many different models of action (...)
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  33. Francesco Di Iorio (forthcoming). Cognitive Autonomy and Methodological Individualism. Springer.
    ABOUT THIS BOOK: -/- – Links methodological individualism with the enactive paradigm of cognitive science -/- – Uses the theory of the mind as a complex self-organizing system to defend the interpretative approach of methodological individualism -/- – Criticizes the idea that the hermeneutical approach and scientific explanation are two alternative approaches, thus defending the unity of science -/- – Focuses on the non-atomistic variant of methodological individualism -/- OVERVIEW: -/- Unlike psychologistic paradigms, the non-atomistic variant of methodological individualism discussed (...)
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  34. Francesco Di Iorio (2016). World 3 and Methodological Individualism in Popper’s Thought. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (4):352-374.
    Popper’s theory of World 3 is often regarded as incongruent with his defense of methodological individualism. This article criticizes this widespread view. Methodological individualism is said to be at odds with three crucial assumptions of the theory of World 3: the impossibility of reducing World 3 to subjective mental states because it exists objectively, the view that the mental functions cannot be explained by assuming that individuals are isolated atoms, and the idea that World 3 has causal power and influences (...)
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  35. William H. Dray (1967). Holism and Individualism in History and Social Science. In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan. pp. 4--53.
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  36. Brian Epstein (2015). The Ant Trap: Rebuilding the Foundations of the Social Sciences. Oxford University Press.
    We live in a world of crowds and corporations, artworks and artifacts, legislatures and languages, money and markets. These are all social objects — they are made, at least in part, by people and by communities. But what exactly are these things? How are they made, and what is the role of people in making them? In The Ant Trap, Brian Epstein rewrites our understanding of the nature of the social world and the foundations of the social sciences. Epstein explains (...)
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  37. Brian Epstein (2014). What is Individualism in Social Ontology? Ontological Individualism Vs. Anchor Individualism. In Finn Collin & Julie Zahle (eds.), Rethinking the Individualism/Holism Debate: Essays in the Philosophy of Social Science.
    Individualists about social ontology hold that social facts are “built out of” facts about individuals. In this paper, I argue that there are two distinct kinds of individualism about social ontology, two different ways individual people might be the metaphysical “builders” of the social world. The familiar kind is ontological individualism. This is the thesis that social facts supervene on, or are exhaustively grounded by, facts about individual people. What I call anchor individualism is the alternative thesis that facts about (...)
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  38. Brian Epstein (2009). Ontological Individualism Reconsidered. Synthese 166 (1):187-213.
    The thesis of methodological individualism in social science is commonly divided into two different claims—explanatory individualism and ontological individualism. Ontological individualism is the thesis that facts about individuals exhaustively determine social facts. Initially taken to be a claim about the identity of groups with sets of individuals or their properties, ontological individualism has more recently been understood as a global supervenience claim. While explanatory individualism has remained controversial, ontological individualism thus understood is almost universally accepted. In this paper I argue (...)
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  39. Brian Epstein (2008). When Local Models Fail. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (1):3-24.
    Models treating the simple properties of social groups have a common shortcoming. Typically, they focus on the local properties of group members and the features of the world with which group members interact. I consider economic models of bureaucratic corruption, to show that (a) simple properties of groups are often constituted by the properties of the wider population, and (b) even sophisticated models are commonly inadequate to account for many simple social properties. Adequate models and social policies must treat certain (...)
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  40. James H. Fetzer (1986). Methodological Individualism: Singular Causal Systems and Their Population Manifestations. Synthese 68 (1):99 - 128.
    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the properties of singular causal systems and their population manifestations, with special concern for the thesis of methodological individualism, which claims that there are no properties of social groups that cannot be adequately explained exclusively by reference to properties of individual members of those groups, i.e., at the level of individuals. Individuals, however, may be viewed as singular causal systems, i.e., as instantiations of (arrangements of) dispositional properties. From this perspective, methodological individualism (...)
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  41. A. W. Flux (1896). The Coming Individualism.Egmont Hake O. E. Wesslau. International Journal of Ethics 7 (1):98-101.
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  42. James H. Fowler & Cindy D. Kam, Beyond the Self: Social Identity, Altruism, and Political Participation.
    Scholars have recently extended the traditional calculus of participation model by adding a term for benefits to others. We advance this work by distinguishing theoretically a concern for others in general (altruism) from a concern for others in certain groups (social identification). We posit that both concerns generate increased benefits from participation. To test these theories, we use allocations in dictator games towards an unidentified anonymous recipient and two recipients identified only as a registered Democrat or a registered Republican. These (...)
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  43. Leon J. Goldstein (1958). The Two Theses of Methodological Individualism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (33):1-11.
  44. Leon J. Goldstein (1956). The Inadequacy of the Principle of Methodological Individualism. Journal of Philosophy 53 (25):801-813.
  45. Georgios Gotsis (1996). Historical Reason and Methodological Individualism. Neusis 5:135-166.
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  46. J. Greve (2012). Emergence in Sociology: A Critique of Nonreductive Individualism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (2):188-223.
    The emergentist position that R. Keith Sawyer has formulated, nonreductive individualism, contains three propositions. First, that social characteristics must always be realized in individuals; second, that it is nevertheless possible to understand social properties as irreducible; and third, that therefore it is possible to demonstrate how social properties are able to exercise independent causal influences on individuals and their properties. It is demonstrated that Sawyer is not able to meet an objection that Kim has formulated against the analogous position in (...)
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  47. Cynthia Lins Hamlin (forthcoming). Boudon: Agência, Estrutura E Individualismo Metodológico. Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy (48).
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  48. Dániel Havrancsik (2015). Methodological Individualism. Schutzian Research 7:65-87.
    The purpose of this paper is to show that the work of Alfred Schutz, mostly neglected by the current representatives of the social scientific movement of methodological individualism, can provide a foundation for an alternative methodological individualist programme, which instead of building on the presumed rationality of action, starts from the subjective consciousness of the actor, thus can overcome the objectivist bias characterizing most other variants. Following the Schutzian guidelines, this individualist approach can avoid the error of introducing elements incompatible (...)
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  49. Joseph Heath (2008). Methodological Individualism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    (1968 [1922]). It amounts to the claim that social phenomena must be explained by showing how they result from individual actions, which in turn must be explained through reference to the intentional states that motivate the individual actors. It involves, in other words, a commitment to the primacy of what Talcott Parsons would later call “the action frame of reference” (Parsons 1937: 43-51) in social-scientific explanation. It is also sometimes described as the claim that explanations of “macro” social phenomena must (...)
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  50. Peter Hedström & Petri Ylikoski (2011). Analytical Sociology. In Ian C. Jarvie & Jesus Zamoro Bonilla (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences. SAGE.
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