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  1. added 2019-01-03
    Hidup di Antara Batas: Relasi Hewan dan Manusia.Ni Nyoman Oktaria Asmarani - 2018 - BALAIRUNG: Jurnal Multidisipliner Mahasiswa Indonesia 1 (2):166-174.
  2. added 2018-10-26
    Environmental Complexity, Life History, and Encephalisation in Human Evolution.Grove Matt - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (3):395-420.
    Brain size has increased threefold during the course of human evolution, whilst body weight has approximately doubled. These increases in brain and body size suggest that reproductive rates must have slowed considerably during this period. During the same period, however, environmental heterogeneity has increased substantially. A central tenet of life-history theory states that in heterogeneous environments, organisms with fast life histories will be favoured. The human lineage, therefore, has proceeded in direct contradiction of this theory. This contribution attempts to resolve (...)
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  3. added 2018-08-10
    Jainism and Environmental Ethics: An Exploration.Piyali Mitra - forthcoming - Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.
    In this paper, an attempt has been made to examine some of the key concepts of Jaina religion from an environmental perspective. The paper focuses on Jain’s parasparopagraho jīvānām or interconnectedness. The common concerns between Jainism and environmentalism constituted in a mutual sensitivity towards living beings, a recognition of the interconnectedness of life forms and a programme to augment awareness to respect and protect living systems. The paper will also investigate how ahiṃsā or non-violence is understood in the Jain community (...)
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  4. added 2018-02-17
    On Teaching a Course on Ethics, Agriculture, and the Environment.Mark Sagoff - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (1):69-84.
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  5. added 2017-11-22
    Is It Possible to Create an Ecologically Sustainable World Order: The Implications of Hierarchy Theory for Human Ecology.Arran Gare - 2000 - International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 7 (4):277-290.
    Human ecology, it is argued, even when embracing recent developments in the natural sciences and granting a place to culture, tends to justify excessively pessimistic conclusions about the prospects for creating a sustainable world order. This is illustrated through a study of the work and assumptions of Richard Newbold Adams and Stephen Bunker. It is argued that embracing hierarchy theory as this has been proposed and elaborated by Herbert Simon, Howard Pattee, T.F.H. Allen and others enables human ecology to conceive (...)
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  6. added 2017-04-04
    How Destructive Are the Rich, or is J.K. Rowling More Evil Than Me?Michael Starks - 2018 - In Suicidal Utopian Delusions in the 21st Century--Philosophy, Human Nature and the Collapse of Civililization 2nd Ed. (2018). Las Vegas, Nevada, USA: Reality Press. pp. 202-207.
    How about a different take on the rich and famous? First the obvious—the Harry Potter novels are primitive superstition that encourages children to believe in fantasy rather than take responsibility for the world-- the norm of course. JKR is just as clueless about herself and the world as all the other monkeys, but about 200 times as destructive as the average American and about 800 times more than the average Chinese. She has been responsible for the destruction of maybe 30,000 (...)
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  7. added 2017-02-20
    José María G. Gómez Heras. “Bioética y ecología. Los valores de la naturaleza como norma moral”. [REVIEW]Miguel Acosta - 2014 - Anuario Filosófico 47 (2):477-480.
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  8. added 2017-02-14
    Sustainable Development, Biotechnology and the North-South Divide.A. Lieven - 2003 - Bioessays 25 (1):97-98.
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  9. added 2017-02-14
    An Ecological Organic Paradigm.James H. Rutherford - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (10):81-104.
    A modern version of the classical Greek organic paradigm can be based on behavioural ecology, ecology being the study of the interrelationships between an organism and its environment. The ecological organic paradigm describes four general human mental functional capacities -- appetite, social conscience, reason and an interpretive capacity -- and associates them, in the context of evolutionary and psychological development, to four general categories of experience -- primal individual needs, society, the natural world in which we live and metaphysics -- (...)
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  10. added 2017-02-13
    Skin Pigmentation and Assortative Mating in Sikhs.D. F. Roberts & D. P. S. Kahlon - 1972 - Journal of Biosocial Science 4 (1):91.
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  11. added 2017-02-12
    The Human Behavioral Ecology of Contemporary World Issues.Bram Tucker & Lisa Rende Taylor - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (3):181-189.
    Human behavioral ecology (HBE) began as an attempt to explain human economic, reproductive, and social behavior using neodarwinian theory in concert with theory from ecology and economics, and ethnographic methods. HBE has addressed subsistence decision-making, cooperation, life history trade-offs, parental investment, mate choice, and marriage strategies among hunter-gatherers, herders, peasants, and wage earners in rural and urban settings throughout the world. Despite our rich insights into human behavior, HBE has very rarely been used as a tool to help the people (...)
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  12. added 2017-02-12
    A Synthetic Approach to Sustainable Agriculture and Resource Conservation.Jerry Moles - 1992 - Agriculture and Human Values 9 (4):64-71.
    The NeoSynthesis Research Centre (NSRC) was organized to promote sustainable agriculture and resource conservation in the island nation of Sri Lanka. Staffed by people with varied life and cultural backgrounds, NSRC has attempted to develop frameworks or ways of understanding agriculture from more than a single perspective. It is assumed that even a partial understanding of agriculture requires many perspectives because no single set of opinions or discourse based upon a narrow range of life experiences can account for the life (...)
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  13. added 2017-02-11
    Industrial Ecology for Sustainable Development: Six Controversies in Theory Building.Jouni Korhonen - 2005 - Environmental Values 14 (1):83-112.
    This article is building the theory for the scientific field of industrial ecology. For this, the industrial ecosystem concept is used. IE uses the model of sustainable ecosystems in unsustainable industrial systems for making progress towards the vision of the industrial ecosystem. Six controversies are revealed and identified as research challenges. I invite all those who are interested in industrial ecology to respond to this contribution.
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  14. added 2017-02-08
    Affluence, Poverty, and Ecology: Obligation, International Relations, and Sustainable Development.Paul G. Harris - 1997 - Ethics and the Environment 2 (2):121 - 138.
    Effective efforts to protect the global environment will require the willing cooperation of the world's poor. Persuading them to join international environmental agreements and to choose environmentally sustainable development requires substantial concessions from the affluent industrialized countries, including additional financial assistance and technology transfers. The affluent countries ought to provide such assistance to the world's poor for ethical reasons. Doing so would promote transnational distributive justice, which is defined here as a fair and equitable distribution among countries of benefits, burdens, (...)
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  15. added 2017-02-07
    Interdisciplinarity, Ecology and Scientific Theory: The Case of Sustainable Urban Development.Karl Georg Høyer & Petter Naess - 2008 - Journal of Critical Realism 7 (2):179-207.
  16. added 2017-02-03
    Can Export-Oriented Aquaculture in Developing Countries Be Sustainable and Promote Sustainable Development? The Shrimp Case.Marta G. Rivera-Ferre - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (4):301-321.
    Industrial shrimp farming has been promoted by international development and financial institutions in coastal indebted poor countries as a way to obtain foreign exchange earnings, reimburse external debt, and promote development. The promotion of the shrimp industry is a clear example of a more general trend of support of export-oriented primary products, consisting in monocultures of commodities, as opposed to the promotion of more diverse, traditional production directed to feed the local population. In general, it is assumed that export-oriented aquaculture (...)
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  17. added 2017-02-02
    Political Theory and the Ecological Challenge.Andrew Dobson & Robyn Eckersley (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In recent years the engagement between the environmental 'agenda' and mainstream political theory has become increasingly widespread and profound. Each has affected the other in palpable and important ways, and it makes increasingly less sense for political theorists in either camp to ignore what the other is doing. This book draws together the threads of this interconnecting enquiry in order to assess its status and meaning. Dobson and Eckersley, two renowned scholars in this field, have commissioned an internationally recognised group (...)
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  18. added 2017-01-24
    On Gardening and Human Welfare, or, the Role of Attitudes and Natural Capital in Sustainable Welfare.Robert R. Gottfried - 1992 - Agriculture and Human Values 9 (4):36-47.
    This paper examines the ancient Judeo-Christian worldview to provide a link between individual and societal attitudes and sustainable human welfare. This “moral ecology” links the welfare of the entire created order to human justice, or right living. Environmental degradation, poverty, and oppression all stem from humans grasping for control. To examine how these attitudes may affect material human welfare the paper develops the concept of natural systems as natural multiproduct factories, showing how they interact with other productive resources to improve (...)
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  19. added 2017-01-24
    Agricultural Biotechnology Research: Practices, Consequences, and Policy Recommendations. [REVIEW]William B. Lacy, Laura R. Lacy & Lawrence Busch - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (3):3-14.
    This paper reviews current trends in the development of agricultural biotechnology, including (1) the recent and potential biotechnology products and processes in the plant, animal and food sciences, and (2) the enormous increase in Federal and State government and industrial investments in biotechnology research. Next we analyze the impacts and possible consequences of agricultural biotechnology for public and private agricultural research and for the structure and nature of the food system in this country and around the world. We conclude with (...)
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  20. added 2017-01-21
    Evolving the Psychological Mechanisms for Cooperation.Jeffrey R. Stevens & Marc D. Hauser - unknown
    ■ Abstract Cooperation is common across nonhuman animal taxa, from the hunting of large game in lions to the harvesting of building materials in ants. Theorists have proposed a number of models to explain the evolution of cooperative behavior. These ultimate explanations, however, rarely consider the proximate constraints on the implementation of cooperative behavior. Here we review several types of cooperation and propose a suite of cognitive abilities required for each type to evolve. We propose that several types of cooperation, (...)
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  21. added 2017-01-21
    Of Sustainability and Precaution The Logical, Epistemological, and Moral Problems of the Precautionary Principle and Their Implications for Sustainable Development.W. Mckinney - 2000 - Ethics and the Environment 5 (1):77-87.
    From the convening of the Brundtland Commission in 1983 to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development and beyond, sustainable development has been one of the core issues facing environmental ethicists and policymakers. The challenge facing both policy makers and ethicists has been to ascertain the proper formulation and implementation of sustainable development practices either within the present global market economy or within a new, more ecological, paradigm. This analysis, however, takes a slightly different tack.
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  22. added 2017-01-20
    Conditional Mating Strategies Are Contingent on Return From Investment.Elizabeth M. Hill - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):605-606.
    Gangestad & Simpson present an evolutionary functional analysis of mating strategies. This commentary interprets their argument using a central concept from life history theory, return from investment. Incorporating return from investment allows further specification of costs and benefits from short-term mating in women as well as men and in ecological settings of high environmental variation in mortality and resource availability.
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  23. added 2017-01-19
    (De)Regulating the Rural Environment.Rosemary Lyster - manuscript
    The 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (the Rio Conference) heralded a new era of environmental law, with its purpose to formulate strategies to achieve sustainable development worldwide, recognising the interconnectedness of all systems on earth, and the need to protect them. The conference instruments recognise that the sustainability of the earth depends on national responses that are crafted with the fullest possible extent of public participation. Recent Australian policy for managing natural resources has sought to reflect the (...)
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  24. added 2017-01-19
    Environmental Change, Injustice and Sustainability.Colin D. Butler - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (1):11-19.
    This paper argues that a combination of increasing inequality, hypocrisy, population growth and adverse global environmental change imperils our civilisation. Selected examples of existing inequality and the immoral treatment of human beings are provided from countries of the Asia Pacific. There is also limited discussion of the global eco-social crisis, stressing the links between environmental scarcity and the human responses of resentment, conflict, terrorism and ill-governance. The essay contends that just as the lives of unborn humans similar to us are (...)
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  25. added 2017-01-04
    Epistemology of the Inert and Epistemology of the Living.Roberta Lanfredini & Giuseppe Longo - 2016 - Humana Mente (31):37-55.
    The intellectual act of imposing borders to contain and delimit objects has been a constituent factor in physics since its origins, and is also fundamental for philosophical reflection. However, the characteristics of the conceptual universe thus constructed (tendency towards the ideal limit, invariance in variation, a conception of matter as residue, etc.) seem inadequate in biology. The essential characteristic of the living thing is, in fact, that of having a history: that is, of being the concrete trace of a memory. (...)
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  26. added 2016-12-15
    Is Harry Potter More Evil Than JK Rowling or You? (2013).Michael Starks - 2016 - In Philosophy, Human Nature and the Collapse of Civilization Articles and Reviews 2006-2016 by Michael Starks 662p (2016). Michael Starks. pp. 575-576.
    How about a different take on the rich and famous? First the obvious—these novels are primitive superstition that encourages children to believe in fantasy rather than take responsibility for the world-- the norm of course. JKR is just as clueless about herself and the world as all the other monkeys, but about 200 times as destructive as the average American and about 800 times more than the average Chinese. She has been responsible for the destruction of maybe 30,000 hectares of (...)
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  27. added 2016-12-08
    The Monstering of Tamarisk: How Scientists Made a Plant Into a Problem.Matthew K. Chew - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (2):231-266.
    Dispersal of biota by humans is a hallmark of civilization, but the results are often unforeseen and sometimes costly. Like kudzu vine in the American South, some examples become the stuff of regional folklore. In recent decades, "invasion biology," conservation-motivated scientists and their allies have focused largely on the most negative outcomes and often promoted the perception that introduced species are monsters. However, cases of monstering by scientists preceded the rise of popular environmentalism. The story of tamarisk (Tamarix spp.), flowering (...)
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  28. added 2016-12-08
    Behavioural Ecology as a Basic Science for Evolutionary Psychiatry.S. Price John - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):421.
    To the evolutionarily oriented clinical psychiatrist, the discipline of behavioural ecology is a fertile basic science. Human psychology discusses variation in terms of means, standard deviations, heritabilities, and so on, but behavioural ecology deals with mutually incompatible alternative behavioural strategies, the heritable variation being maintained by negative frequency-dependent selection. I suggest that behavioural ecology should be included in the interdisciplinary dialogue recommended by Keller & Miller (K&M). (Published Online November 9 2006).
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  29. added 2016-12-08
    Enacting Ecological Sustainability in the MNC: A Test of an Adapted Value-Belief-Norm Framework.Lynne Andersson, Sridevi Shivarajan & Gary Blau - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 59 (3):295-305.
    . Undoubtedly, multinational corporations must play a significant role in the advancement of global ecological ethics. Our research offers a glimpse into the process of how goals of ecological sustainability in one multinational corporation can trickle down through the organization via the sustainability support behaviors of supervisors. We asked the question “How do supervisors in a multinational corporation internalize their corporation’s commitment to ecological sustainability and, in turn, behave in ways that convey this commitment to their subordinates?” In response, we (...)
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  30. added 2016-12-08
    Cosmosophy.Santa De Siena - 2005 - World Futures 61 (6):409-440.
    This article explores Edgar Morin's contribution to our understanding of the nature of being human and its implications for our understanding of, and approach to, the future. The notions of being, self, and community are addressed in terms of a planetary "community of destiny," and the processes of natural and social evolution.
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  31. added 2016-12-08
    The Meaning of Hominid Species – Culture as Process and Product?Kate Robson Brown - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):157-157.
    One implication of Laland, Odling-Smee & Feldman's niche construction model concerns the significance of the role of behavioural or cultural traits in comparative analysis. In this commentary it is suggested that cladistic methods already recognise this importance, and that behavioural characters may play a key role in hominid speciation and the definition of species.
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  32. added 2016-12-08
    Measuring Man's Needs.Jane O'Hara-May - 1971 - Journal of the History of Biology 4 (2):249-273.
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  33. added 2016-12-08
    The Ecology of the Mind.Harry Berger Jr - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (1):109 - 134.
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  34. added 2016-10-05
    The Prolegomens to Theory of Human Stable Evolutionarciety at Age of Controlled Evolution Techny Strategy as Ideology of Risk Soologies.V. T. Cheshko - 2016 - In Teodor N. Țîrdea (ed.), // Strategia supravietuirii din perspectiva bioeticii, filosofiei și medicinei. Culegere de articole științifice. Vol. 22–. pp. 134-139.
    Stable adaptive strategy of Homo sapiens (SESH) is a superposition of three different adaptive data arrays: biological, socio-cultural and technological modules, based on three independent processes of generation and replication of an adaptive information – genetic, socio-cultural and symbolic transmissions (inheritance). Third component SESH focused equally to the adaptive transformation of the environment and carrier of SESH. With the advent of High Hume technology, risk has reached the existential significance level. The existential level of technical risk is, by definition, an (...)
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  35. added 2016-08-07
    Nesting Polybia Rejecta (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) Associated with Azteca Chartifex Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Ecotone Caatinga/Atlantic Forest, in the State of Rio Grande Do Norte.Francisco Virgínio - 2015 - Entomobrasillis 8 (3).
    Some neotropical social wasps which are associated with some vertebrates and other insects like ants, and these interactions are reported for decades, but little is known about the presence of these in the Caatinga and Atlantic Forest. This study describes the first association’s record between nests of Polybia rejecta (Fabricius) wasp and Azteca chartifex Forel ants in the transition area of the Atlantic Forest and Caatinga in Rio Grande do Norte. The observations were in a private forest in Monte Alegre, (...)
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  36. added 2016-02-13
    Addressing a Duty to Preserve Biodiversity, Not Genetic Integrity.Cristian Timmermann - 2015 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (3):262-264.
    Rohwer and Marris (2015) question the existence of a prima facie duty to preserve genetic integrity leaving open the question of what we should preserve. Many of the arguments used to justify their position could set the platform to defend a duty to preserve the diversity of both wild and domesticated species. In times where agricultural land covers a third of world’s land area and major efforts are undertaken to green urban areas a defense of biodiversity could benefit hugely by (...)
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  37. added 2015-09-09
    Justice climatique et interdiction de nuire.Frédéric-Paul Piguet - 2014 - Globethics Publications.
    Justice climatique et interdiction de nuire constitue une synthèse interdisciplinaire d’une ampleur rare. L’auteur a médité les thèmes clés des sciences de l’environnement dont il agence le propos de façon organique et structurée, l’érudition servant toujours à cerner sa question principale. Il montre les insuffisances de la justice distributive et la pertinence de l’intervention du principe d’interdiction de nuire dans le dossier climatique. En reconnaissant la biosphère comme support de vie commun des êtres humains, ce livre introduit une rupture épistémologique (...)
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  38. added 2015-03-23
    Max Weber's Human Ecology of Historical Societies.Patrick C. West - 1985 - In Vatro Murvar (ed.), Theory of Liberty, Legitimacy, and Power: New Directions in the Intellectual and Scientific Legacy of Max Weber. Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 216--234.
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  39. added 2015-03-20
    Nuevas Antropologías: por una antropología de la carne de hondura metafísica.José Antúnez-Cid - 2014 - Teología y Catequesis 129:43-80.
    This study divides some of the philosophical anthropologies developed after the Holocaust into three frameworks. To do this the author shows how the present modern crisis is an anthropological one and unites the sum of the different crisis dimensions mankind is currently facing. The article approaches the postmodern journey from its two routes—the relativistic and the metaphysical. The second is presented as “status quo-oriented” or as a form of modernized democracy. Because of its popularity, the neologism “transhumanism” is here examined (...)
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  40. added 2015-03-20
    Sum, Quorum, Tether: Design Principles Underlying External Representations That Promote Sustainability.Sanjay Chandrasekharan & Mark Tovey - 2012 - Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (3):447-482.
    We outline three challenges involved in designing external representations that promote sustainable use of natural resources. First, the task environment of sustainable resource-use is highly unstructured, and involves many uncoordinated and asynchronous actions. Following from this complex nature of the task environment, more task constraints and task interactions are involved in designing representations promoting sustainability, compared to representations that seek to make tasks easier in structured task environments, such as aircraft cockpits and control rooms. Second, external representations promoting sustainable resource-use (...)
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  41. added 2015-03-20
    As an Ecology of Mind.Catherine Malabou - 2012 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (11-12):32-54.
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  42. added 2015-03-20
    Sustainability: An Interdisciplinary Guide.John Pezzey - 1992 - Environmental Values 1 (4):321-362.
    A definition of sustainability as maintaining 'utility' over the very long term future is used to build ideas from physics, ecology, evolutionary biology, anthropology, history, philosophy, economics and psychology, into a coherent, interdisciplinary analysis of the potential for sustaining industrial civilisation. This potential is highly uncertain, because it is hard to know how long the 'technology treadmill', of substituting accumulated tools and knowledge for declining natural resource inputs to production, can continue. Policies to make the treadmill work more efficiently, by (...)
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  43. added 2015-03-19
    The Role of Learning in Punishment, Prosociality, and Human Uniqueness.Fiery Cushman - 2013 - In Kim Sterelny, Richard Joyce, Brett Calcott & Ben Fraser (eds.), Cooperation and its Evolution. MIT Press.
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  44. added 2015-03-19
    W(H)Ither Ecology? The Triple Bottom Line, the Global Reporting Initiative, and Corporate Sustainability Reporting.Markus J. Milne & Rob Gray - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (1):13-29.
    This paper offers a critique of sustainability reporting and, in particular, a critique of the modern disconnect between the practice of sustainability reporting and what we consider to be the urgent issue of our era: sustaining the life-supporting ecological systems on which humanity and other species depend. Tracing the history of such reporting developments, we identify and isolate the concept of the ‘triple bottom line’ (TBL) as a core and dominant idea that continues to pervade business reporting, and business engagement (...)
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  45. added 2015-03-10
    People Work to Sustain Systems: A Framework for Understanding Sustainability.Ian Werkheiser & Zachary Piso - 2015 - Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 141 (12).
    Sustainability is commonly recognized as an important goal, but there is little agreement on what sustainability is, or what it requires. This paper looks at some common approaches to sustainability, and while acknowledging the ways in which they are useful, points out an important lacuna: that for something to be sustainable, people must be willing to work to sustain it. The paper presents a framework for thinking about and assessing sustainability which highlights people working to sustain. It also briefly discusses (...)
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  46. added 2015-02-14
    Husserlian Ecology.Barry Smith - 2001 - Human Ontology (Kyoto) 7:9-24.
    If mind is a creature of adaptation, then our standard theories of intentionality and of mental representation are in need of considerable revision. For such theories, deriving under Cartesian inspiration from the work of Brentano, Husserl and their followers, are context-free. They conceive the subject of mental experience in isolation from any surrounding physico-biological environment. Husserl sought in his later writings to find room for the surrounding world of human practical experience, and a similar expansion of concerns can be detected (...)
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  47. added 2014-04-03
    AIDS a Napoli Nel 1800. I Dodici Casi di Sarcoma di Kaposi Descritti da Tommaso de Amicis.Giovanni Villone - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):275 - 309.
    In 1882, Tommaso de Amicis, dermatologist and venereologist at the University of Naples, Italy, published a description of twelve cases of Kaposi's sarcoma. This article is the second report about the above-mentioned disease after the first description of five cases by Moritz Kaposi ten years earlier. The publication by De Amicis was organized as a collection of case reports followed by a section containing general considerations about the etiopathogenesis, pathology, diagnosis and therapy of Kaposi's sarcoma. Ten cases are typical of (...)
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  48. added 2014-04-03
    Men in the Demographic Transition.Bobbi S. Low - 1994 - Human Nature 5 (3):223-253.
    Women’s fertility is the focus of most demographic analyses, for in most mammals, and in many preindustrial societies, variance in male fertility, while an interesting biological phenomenon, is irrelevant. Yet in monogamous societies, the reproductive ecology of men, as well as that of women, is important is creating reproductive patterns. In nineteenth-century Sweden, the focus of this study, male reproductive ecology responded to resource conditions: richer men had more children than poorer men. Men’s fertility also interacted with local and historical (...)
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  49. added 2014-04-02
    Nudges and Cultural Variance: A Note on Selinger and Whyte.Luc Bovens - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (3-4):483-486.
    Selinger and Whyte argue that Thaler and Sunstein are insufficiently sensitive to cultural variance in Nudge. I construct a taxonomy of the various roles that cultural variance may play in nudges. First, biases that are exploited in nudging may interact with features that are culturally specific. Second, cultures may be more or less susceptible to certain biases. Third, cultures may resolve conflicting biases in different ways. And finally, nudge may be enlisted for different aims in different cultures.
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  50. added 2014-04-02
    A New Environmental Philosophy and The Re-Establishing of Human Ecology.Jia-cai Zhang & Hui Yan - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 23:169-174.
    Environment is essentially in the category of culture and environmental research should be based on human value and culture. The study of the relationship between humans and their natural environment should also refer to human relations. Since the operational logic of social capital is the root of ecological crisis, the ultimate solution to this problem lies in human’s correct thinking, institutional, political and behavioral patterns in dealing with nature. Re-establishing human ecology therefore provides a cultural basis for the harmony between (...)
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