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  1. added 2019-06-06
    Her Conclusions—With Which He Is in Love: Why Hume Would Fancy Anscombe: Articles.Margaret Watkins - 2008 - Christian Bioethics 14 (2):175-186.
    Elizabeth Anscombe tangos with Hume in the middle of her march toward the three theses of "Modern Moral Philosophy" that we should abandon moral philosophy "until we have an adequate philosophy of psychology"; that the concepts of moral obligation and moral duty, of what is morally right and wrong, and of the moral sense of 'ought' "ought to be jettisoned if this is psychologically possible;" and that "the differences between the well-known English writers on moral philosophy from Sidgwick to the (...)
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  2. added 2018-12-09
    Hume’s Is/Ought Dichtomy and the Relation of Ecology to Leopold’s Land Ethic.J. Baird Callicott - 1982 - Environmental Ethics 4 (2):163-174.
    Environmental ethics in its modem classical expression by Aldo Leopold appears to fall afoul of Hume’s prohibition against deriving ought-statements from is-statements since it is presented as a logical consequence of the science of ecology. Hume’s is/ought dichotomy is reviewed in its historical theoretical context. A general formulation bridging is and ought, in Hume’s terms, meeting his own criteria for sound practical argument, is found. It is then shown that Aldo Leopold’s land ethic is expressible as a special case of (...)
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  3. added 2018-12-03
    Hume, Justice and Sympathy: A Reversal of the Natural Order?Sophie Botros - 2015 - Diametros 44:110-139.
    Hume’s view that the object of moral feeling is a natural passion, motivating action, causes problems for justice. There is apparently no appropriate natural motive, whilst, if there were, its “partiality” would unfit it to ground the requisite impartial approval. We offer a critique of such solutions as that the missing non-moral motive is enlightened self-interest, or that it is feigned, or that it consists in a just disposition. We reject Cohon’s postulation of a moral motive for just acts, and (...)
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  4. added 2018-11-14
    The English Debate on Suicide From Donne to Hume.Samuel Ernest Sprott - 1961 - Open Court.
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  5. added 2018-08-26
    Importancia Del Contexto Histórico En la Filosofía: El Caso de la Filosofía Moral de David Hume.Alejandro Ordieres - 2018 - Alpha (Osorno) 46:233-247.
    This article raises the need of a historical approach to philosophical texts taking as an example the case of the ethics proposal of David Hume. It shows the interest of Hume that wants to participate actively in the intellectual dialogue of his time and his intention to integrate the scientific method into the moral sciences and how his critique of reason must be understood in this light. To do this, it is quickly mention the intellectual atmosphere of the time and (...)
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  6. added 2018-08-26
    Importance of the historical context in philosophy: the case of the moral philosophy of David Hume.Alejandro Ordieres - 2018 - Alpha (Osorno) 46:233-247.
    Resumen El presente artículo plantea la necesidad de un acercamiento histórico a los textos filosóficos tomando como ejemplo el caso de la propuesta ética de David Hume. Se muestra el interés de Hume por insertarse en el diálogo intelectual de su época y su propósito de integrar el método científico en las ciencias morales y cómo la crítica que hace a la razón debe ser comprendida bajo esta luz. Para ello se menciona el ambiente intelectual de la época y las (...)
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  7. added 2018-05-30
    El Papel de la Educación En la Filosofía Moral de David Hume.Santiago Álvarez García - 2017 - Educacao Em Foco 30:17-37.
    El presente artículo muestra cómo la crítica humeana a los fundamentos del racionalismo moral y a sus consecuencias en el terreno de las ideas educativas propició un cambio significativo en la comprensión de los objetivos de la educación moral que pasaron de buscar el perfeccionamiento de la agencia, a perseguir la perfección y el refinamiento de las capacidades del individuo como espectador y evaluador moral imparcial. Esta trasformación de la finalidad y del currículo de la educación moral será la solución (...)
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  8. added 2017-08-03
    David Hume and the Scottish Enlightenment.Gerhard Engel - 2013 - In Christopher Luetege (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Springer. pp. 253--279.
  9. added 2017-03-21
    Feminist Interpretations of David Hume.Anne Jaap Jacobson - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (1):206-209.
  10. added 2016-12-08
    Humean Nature.A. Carter - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (1):3-37.
    It has been argued that there is an irreconcilable difference between those advocating animal liberation or animal rights, on the one hand, and those preferring a wider environmental ethic, which includes concern for non-sentient life-forms and species preservation, on the other. In contrast, I argue that it is possible to provide foundations for both seemingly environmentalist positions by exploring some of the potential of a 'collective-projectivist' reading of Hume – one that seems more consistent with Hume's texts than other readings. (...)
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  11. added 2016-12-08
    The English Debate on Suicide From Donne to Hume. [REVIEW]C. A. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):399-399.
    Sprott reviews the writings on suicide which appeared in England during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He is interested in efforts, most notably those of Donne and Hume, to argue, in the face of religious and other opposition, that suicide can be committed without involving moral offense. He is also interested in the actual cases of suicide during the period and endeavors to correlate the literature with fluctuations in the suicide rate and with legal attitudes toward suicides and their families.--A. (...)
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  12. added 2016-05-02
    Hume's Objection to the Thomistic Doctrine on Suicide.Emily M. Kelahan '05 - unknown
    In "Of Suicide," David Hume argues against the dominant Thomistic doctrine on suicide. Thomas Aquinas, in Summa Theologica, I-IL Q64, Art 5, argues that suicide is morally impermissible because it violates three kinds of duties: one's duty to God, to others, and to oneself. Arguing from within the Thomistic framework, Hume exposes the inconsistencies of Aquinas's theory and refutes Aquinas's arguments against suicide. In this paper I look at only the arguments concerning the ways in which suicide violates a duty (...)
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  13. added 2016-05-02
    Hume's Racism and His Case Against the Miraculous.Hendrik van der Breggen - 2002 - Philosophia Christi 4 (2):427-442.
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  14. added 2016-05-02
    Women, Animals, and the Unknown : Hume's Philosophy of Nature.Peter Trnka - 1997 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 28 (3):255-272.
  15. added 2016-05-02
    The English Debate on Suicide From Donne to Hume.S. E. SPROTT - 1961 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 21 (4):498-498.
  16. added 2015-12-08
    ""Reseña Del Libro" Sul Suicidio E Altri Saggi Scelti", de D. Hume.Alberto Giovanni Biuso - 2010 - Giornale di Metafisica 32 (1):169-170.
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  17. added 2015-10-17
    Dirty Hands and the Romance of the Ticking Bomb Terrorist: A Humean Account.Christopher J. Finlay - 2011 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (4):421-442.
    On Michael Walzer's influential account, "dirty hands" characterizes the political leader's choice between absolutist moral demands (to abstain from torture) and consequentialist political reasoning (to do what is necessary to prevent the loss of innocent lives). The impulse to torture a "ticking bomb terrorist" is therefore at least partly pragmatic, straining against morality, while the desire to uphold a ban on torture is purely and properly a moral one. I challenge this Machiavellian view by reinterpreting the dilemma in the framework (...)
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  18. added 2015-09-03
    L'invention des conventions de justice chez Hume et sa skepsis envers la rétribution.Ignace Haaz - 2009 - In Philippe Saltel (ed.), L'invention philosophique humienne. Vrin - Recherches sur la philosophie et le langage No 26. pp. 235-272.
    Promise keeping and the virtue of integrity are understandable only if the sense of justice and of injustice doesn't come from nature but results from education and of some of the most inventive human conventions. We comment this argument that we find in the Treatise of Nature, book III and present how it impacts the notion of retribution and punishment in general.
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  19. added 2015-08-14
    Il buon soldato e l’agente virtuoso: Hume e la military glory.Lorenzo Greco - 2014 - In Maurizio Balistreri, Maurizio Benato & Maurizio Mori (eds.), Etica medica nella vita militare: per iniziare una riflessione, vol. 1. Value – Ananke. pp. 107-115.
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  20. added 2015-05-21
    A Propósito de "Of Suicide".Aida Míguez Barciela - 2017 - In La historia y la nada. Madrid: La Oficina.
  21. added 2015-02-10
    David Hume's Moral Philosophy and Environmental Ethics.Paul Andrew Haught - 2004 - Dissertation, Tulane University
    In this dissertation I explore the relation of David Hume's moral philosophy to environmental ethics. J. Baird Callicott argues that Hume's moral sentimentalism provides a subjectivist framework for respecting the intrinsic value of species and ecosystems. I agree with Callicott's subjectivist reading of Hume, but I question his decision to deploy Hume's moral sentimentalism directly in terms of value theory. Remaining as faithful to Hume's theory as possible, I reconsider his moral philosophy in the context of environmental virtue ethics and (...)
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  22. added 2015-02-05
    Commentary on Sheldon Wein's "IUDs, STIs, and DNA : Reconsidering Hume's Modesty Proposal".Jennifer Parks - 2011 - In Adrianne Leigh McEvoy (ed.), Sex, Love, and Friendship: Studies of the Society for the Philosophy of Sex and Love: 1993-2003. Rodopi.
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  23. added 2015-01-24
    Hume and Our Treatment of Animals.Monica L. Gerrek - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):13.
    This paper is concerned with the bias in favor of the interests of the members of some species of non- human animals and against the interests of the members of other species of non-human animals. This view, which I call modified speciesism, is perhaps related to Singer’s speciesism, but neither entails nor is entailed by it. The argument takes the following form: given that exploited animals are morally equivalent to non-exploited animals and given that non-exploited animals are morally entitled to (...)
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  24. added 2015-01-21
    Hume on Suicide.Gordon B. Mower - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (5):563-575.
    This essay examines Hume?s attitude to suicide, in which he had an ongoing philosophical interest, as found in the dialogue at the end of An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals, and in his brief essay on the topic. His attitude to, arguments, and views on suicide are placed in the context of his other writings and biographical elements from his own life. The views of other early modern thinkers to suicide, Locke, Kant, and Montaigne, are presented and their arguments (...)
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  25. added 2015-01-21
    Hume and the Theistic Objection to Suicide.G. R. McLean - 2001 - American Philosophical Quarterly 38 (1):99 - 111.
  26. added 2015-01-21
    Looking to Hume for Justice: On the Utility of Hume's View of Justice for American Health Care Reform.Larry R. Churchill - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (4):352 – 364.
    This essay argues that Hume's theory of justice can be useful in framing a more persuasive case for universal access in health care. Theories of justice derived from a Rawlsian social contract tradition tend to make the conditions for deliberation on justice remote from the lives of most persons, while religiously-inspired views require superhuman levels of benevolence. By contrast, Hume's theory derives justice from the prudent reflections of socially-encumbered selves. This provides a more accessible moral theory and a more realistic (...)
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  27. added 2015-01-18
    Non-Humean Holism, Un-Humean Holism.Y. S. Lo - 2001 - Environmental Values 10 (1):113 - 123.
    In this article I argue that textual evidence from David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature does not support J. Baird Callicott's professedly Humean yet holistic environmental ethic, which understands the community (e.g., the biotic community) as a 'metaorganismic' entity 'over and above' its individual members. Based on Hume's reductionist account of the mind and his assimilation of the metaphysical nature of the mind to that of the community, I also argue that a Humean account of the community should be (...)
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  28. added 2015-01-16
    A History of Ideas Concerning Suicide, Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia.Craig Paterson - manuscript
    The article examines from an historical perspective some of the key ideas used in contemporary bioethics debates both for and against the practices of assisted suicide and euthanasia. Key thinkers examined--spanning the Ancient, Medieval and Modern periods--include Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, Hume, Kant, and Mill. The article concludes with a synthesizing summary of key ideas that oppose or defend assisted suicide and euthanasia.
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  29. added 2015-01-15
    Religion and Moral Prohibition in Hume’s “Of Suicide”.Thomas Holden - 2005 - Hume Studies 31 (2):189-210.
    This paper presents a new analysis of the logical structure of Hume’s attack on the theological objection to suicide. I suggest that Hume intends his reasoning in “Of Suicide” to generalize, covering not just suicide but any arbitrary action: his implied conclusion is that no human action can violate a duty to God. I contrast my reading with a series of recent interpretations, and argue that the various criticisms of Hume’s reasoning are based on a misunderstanding of what he is (...)
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  30. added 2015-01-10
    Hume, Bioethics, and Philosophy of Medicine.Loretta M. Kopelman & Laurence B. McCullough - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (4):315 – 321.
  31. added 2015-01-08
    Hume and Care Ethics.Michael Slote - 2012 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 25 (3):557-571.
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  32. added 2015-01-08
    Looking for Answers in All the Wrong Places.Earl W. Spurgin - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (2):293-313.
    In recent years, many business ethicists have raised problems with the “ethics pays” credo. Despite these problems, many continue to hold it. I argue that support for the credo leads business ethicists away from a potentially fruitful approach found in Hume’s moral philosophy. I begin by demonstrating that attempts to support the credo fail because proponents are trying to provide an answer to the “Why be moral?” question that is based on rational self-interest. Then, I show that Hume’s sentiments-based moral (...)
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  33. added 2015-01-07
    Making and Finding Values in Nature: From a Humean Point of View.Y. S. Lo - 2006 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 49 (2):123 – 147.
    The paper advances a Humean metaethical analysis of "intrinsic value" - a notion fundamental in moral philosophy in general and particularly so in environmental ethics. The analysis reduces an object's moral properties (e.g., its value) to the empirical relations between the object's natural properties and people's psychological dispositions to respond to them. Moral properties turn out to be both objective and subjective, but in ways compatible with, and complementary to, each other. Next, the paper investigates whether the Humean analysis can (...)
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  34. added 2015-01-07
    A Humean Argument for the Land Ethic?Y. S. Lo - 2001 - Environmental Values 10 (4):523-539.
    This article examines an allegedly Humean solution provided by J. Baird Callicott to the problem of the is/ought dichotomy. It also examines an allegedly Humean argument provided by him for the land ethic's summary moral precept. It concludes that neither the solution nor the argument is Humean or cogent.
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  35. added 2015-01-07
    Could There Be a Humean Sex-Neutral General Idea of Man?Bat-Ami Bar On - 1987 - Philosophy Research Archives 13:367-377.
    In this paper I suggest that the Humean male and Humean female of Hume’s Treatise would have different mental lives due to a great extent to what Hume takes to be the socio-culture in place. Specifically, I show that the Humean male would be incapable but the Humean female would be capable of forming a Humean sex-neutral general idea of man. The Humean male’s inability is not innate but the result of the trauma he experiences when discovering sexuality, reproduction and (...)
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  36. added 2014-12-24
    An Analysis of Hume’s Essay "On Suicide".Tom L. Beauchamp - 1976 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (1):73-95.
    What is the organizational structure of Hume’s essay? The first three paragraphs are purely introductory and somewhat incidental. To someone untutored in Hume’s general religious skepticism, these opening remarks might appear to be the vain boasts of a philosopher in praise of philosophy. More plausibly, his opening remarks are stage-setting devices. They prepare the reader not for what Hume will argue but rather for how he will uncompromisingly challenge commonly held presuppositions about the sensitive issue of suicide. His comments are (...)
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  37. added 2014-08-06
    Welcome 'Ethical Stress': A Humean Analysis and a Practical Proposal.Sarah A. Merrill - 1990 - Journal of Social Philosophy 21 (1):27-45.
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  38. added 2014-08-04
    Hume on Suicide.Kenneth R. Merrill - 1999 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 16 (4):395 - 412.
  39. added 2014-08-02
    Hume on Animals and the Rest of Nature.Angela Coventry & Avram Hiller - 2014 - In John Hadley & Elisa Aaltola (eds.), Animal Ethics and Philosophy: Questioning the Orthodoxy. Rowman and Littlefield International.
    This paper develops a Humean environmental meta-ethic to apply to the animal world and, given some further considerations, to the rest of nature. Our interpretation extends Hume’s account of sympathy, our natural ability to sympathize with the emotions of others, so that we may sympathize not only with human beings but also animals, plants and ecosystems as well. Further, we suggest that Hume has the resources for an account of environmental value that applies to non-human animals, non-sentient elements of nature (...)
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  40. added 2014-04-02
    Two Philosophical Deaths: Hume and Hitchens.Franklin G. Miller - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (2):251-258.
    What is a good death? How does one live well in the face of (potentially) terminal illness? Philosophical analysis has a great deal to offer in approaching these puzzling and deep questions. Perhaps more can be gleaned of cultural and personal significance, however, from narratives of those who have been forced to face these questions in their lives and in their writings. The greatest yield, I suggest, comes from combining narrative with philosophical reflections.Commentators have frequently contrasted the way we die (...)
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  41. added 2014-04-02
    Hume’s Projectivist Legacy for Environmental Ethics.Paul Haught - 2006 - Environmental Ethics 28 (1):77-96.
    Hume’s projectivist theory of value suggests that (environmental) values are either individually or culturally relative and that intrinsic value ascriptions are incoherent. Previous attempts to avert these implications have typically relied on modified Humean accounts that either universalize human sensitivity to the value of the more-than-human world or that adapt the concept of intrinsic value to suit a world in which all values are projected. While there are merits to these approaches, there is another alternative. Hume’s own moral theory promises (...)
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  42. added 2014-04-02
    Philosophy Class as Commercial.Peter Wenz - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (2):205-216.
    Because commercialism tends toward environmental degradation, selection and treatment of the philosophical canon are environmental matters. Environmentalists and others who teach early modern and modern philosophy should, I argue, alter typical pedogogical approaches that (usually unwittingly) reinforce common assumptions underlying commercialism and promote anti-environmental perspectives. Typical treatments of Hobbes, Locke, Descartes, Kant, Hume, and Bentham focus on human selfishness, mind-body dualism, the subjectivity of values, and the mathematical nature of reality, positions that are frequently identified as contributing causes both of (...)
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  43. added 2014-04-02
    Ecological Morality and Nonmoral Sentiments.Ernest Partridge - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (2):149-163.
    A complete environmental ethic must include a theory of motivation to assure that the demands of that ethic are within the capacity of human beings. J. Baird Callicott has argued that these requisite sentiments may be found in the moral psychology of David Hume, enriched by the insights of Charles Darwin. I reply that, on the contrary, Humean moral sentiments are more likely to incline one toanthropocentrism than to Aldo Leopold’s land ethic, which is defended by Callicott. This mismatch becomes (...)
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  44. added 2014-04-02
    Hume’s Is/Ought Dichtomy and the Relation of Ecology to Leopold’s Land Ethic.J. Baird Callicott - 1982 - Environmental Ethics 4 (2):163-174.
    Environmental ethics in its modem classical expression by Aldo Leopold appears to fall afoul of Hume’s prohibition against deriving ought-statements from is-statements since it is presented as a logical consequence of the science of ecology. Hume’s is/ought dichotomy is reviewed in its historical theoretical context. A general formulation bridging is and ought, in Hume’s terms, meeting his own criteria for sound practical argument, is found. It is then shown that Aldo Leopold’s land ethic is expressible as a special case of (...)
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  45. added 2014-03-31
    Can a Theory of Moral Sentiments Support a Genuinely Normative Environmental Ethic?J. Baird Callicott - 1992 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 35 (2):183 – 198.
    The conceptual foundations of Aldo Leopold's seminal land ethic are traceable through Darwin to the sentiment?based ethics of Hume. According to Hume, the moral sentiments are universal; and, according to Darwin, they were naturally selected in the intensely social matrix of human evolution. Hence they may provide a ?consensus of feeling?, functionally equivalent to the normative force of reason overriding inclination. But then ethics, allege K. S. Shrader?Frechette and W. Fox, is reduced to a description of human nature, and the (...)
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  46. added 2014-03-30
    The Nature of Humean Animals.Antony E. Pitson - 1993 - Hume Studies 19 (2):301-316.
  47. added 2014-03-28
    Hume on the Nonhuman Animal.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (4):322 – 335.
    Hume wrote about fundamental similarities and dissimilarities between human and nonhuman animals. His work was centered on the cognitive and emotional lives of animals, rather than their moral or legal standing, but his theories have implications for issues of moral standing. The historical background of these controversies reaches to ancient philosophy and to several prominent figures in early modern philosophy. Hume develops several of the themes in this literature. His underlying method is analogical arg ument and his conclusions are generally (...)
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  48. added 2014-03-28
    Hume's Influence on John Gregory and the History of Medical Ethics.Laurence B. McCullough - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (4):376 – 395.
    The concept of medicine as a profession in the English-language literature of medical ethics is of recent vintage, invented by the Scottish physician and medical ethicist, John Gregory (1724-1773). Gregory wrote the first secular, philosophical, clinical, and feminine medical ethics and bioethics in the English language and did so on the basis of Hume's principle of sympathy. This paper provides a brief account of Gregory's invention and the role that Humean sympathy plays in that invention, with reference to key texts (...)
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  49. added 2014-03-28
    Hume on Suicide.R. G. Frey - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (4):336 – 351.
    Anyone interested in the morality of suicide reads David Hume's essay on the subject even today. There are numerous reasons for this, but the central one is that it sets up the starting point for contemporary debate about the morality of suicide, namely, the debate about whether some condition of life could present one with a morally acceptable reason for autonomously deciding to end one's life. We shall only be able to have this debate if we think that at least (...)
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  50. added 2014-03-28
    Coming Home to Hume: A Sociobiological Foundation for a Concept of 'Health' and Morality.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (4):365 – 375.
    Assessing the normative status of concepts of health and disease involves one in questions regarding the relationship between fact and value. Some have argued that Christopher Boorse's conception of health and disease lacks such a valuational element because it cannot account for types of harms which, while disvalued, do not have evolutionarily dysfunctional consequences. I take Boorse's account and incorporate some Humean-like sociobiological assumptions in order to respond to this challenge. The possession of moral sentiments, I argue, offers an evolutionary (...)
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