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  1. added 2019-06-06
    Cleanthes’s Propensity and Intelligent Design.Liz Goodnick - 2011 - Modern Schoolman 88 (3/4):299-316.
    A persuasive argument that theism is a Humean “natural belief” relies on the assertion that belief in intelligent design is caused by “Cleanthes’s propensity,” introduced in Hume’s Dialogues—a universal propensity to believe in a designer triggered by the observation of apparent telos in nature. But Hume neverclaims in his own voice that religious belief is founded on anything like Cleanthes’s propensity. Instead, in the Natural History, he argues that the belief in invisible intelligent power is caused by the psychological propensity (...)
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  2. added 2019-06-06
    Vivacity and Force as the Source of Hume’s Irregular Arguments.Paul Neiman - 2006 - Philo 9 (2):131-143.
    In the Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, Philo and Cleanthes make use of irregular arguments—arguments whose veracity is founded on the force and vivacity with which they strike the mind. This paper provides an analysis of the irregular arguments by the two characters in the Dialogues and by Hume in the Treatise of Human Nature. Since both characters accept the veracity of irregular arguments, it seems that they are in agreement at the end of the Dialogues. The similarity between their arguments (...)
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  3. added 2019-06-06
    Hume’s Mitigated Skepticism and the Design Argument.Robert Arp - 1998 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 72 (4):539-558.
  4. added 2019-06-06
    The Hume-Plantinga Objection to the Argument From Design.Elmar J. Kremer - 1994 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 68:85.
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  5. added 2019-06-06
    Hume’s Criticism of the Argument From Design.Leon Pearl - 1970 - The Monist 54 (2):270-284.
    This paper is concerned with the question: ‘Did Philo in Hume’s Dialogues succeed in undermining Cleanthes’ argument from design?’ Hume’s commentators have differed on their answers. Norman Kemp Smith speaks of Philo’s destructive criticism as “final and complete.” And Professor Bernard Williams, in a recent symposium devoted to Hume, says that “although the argument from Design lingered on through the nineteenth century, and even to the present time, Hume undermined it in a thoroughgoing and definitive manner.” Professor Alvin Plantinga, on (...)
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  6. added 2018-03-05
    True Religion in Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.Tim Black & Robert Gressis - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (2):244-264.
    Many think that the aim of Hume’s Dialogues is simply to discredit the design argument for the existence of an intelligent designer. We think instead that the Dialogues provides a model of true religion. We argue that, for Hume, the truly religious person: believes that an intelligent designer created and imposed order on the universe; grounds this belief in an irregular argument rooted in a certain kind of experience, for example, in the experience of anatomizing complex natural systems such as (...)
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  7. added 2017-10-15
    William Paley's Moral Philosophy and the Challenge of Hume: An Enlightenment Debate?*: Niall O'flaherty.Niall O'flaherty - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (1):1-31.
    This essay offers a reassessment of William Paley's Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy. It focuses on his defence of religious ethics from challenges laid down in David Hume's Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals. By restoring the context of theological/philosophical debate to Paley's thinking about ethics, the essay attempts to establish his genuine commitment to a worldly theology and to a programme of human advancement. This description of orthodox thought takes us beyond the bipolar debate about whether intellectual culture (...)
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  8. added 2017-09-12
    Why Did Hume Not Become an Atheist?: The Influence of Butler on Hume's Dialogues.Naoki Yajima - 2017 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 15 (3):249-260.
    This article aims to illuminate the background and intention of Hume's Dialogues. It argues that ‘Cleanthes’ is significantly modeled after Butler's thought by showing the connection between Part IX of the Dialogues and Butler's early correspondence with Clarke regarding the concepts of probability and conceivability. This clarifies Philo's ‘reversal’ in Part XII. Butler's theory of probability provides a clue to Hume's moderate skepticism which stops short of endorsing atheism. Hume presents a philosophical narrative in which readers are invited to entertain (...)
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  9. added 2017-08-02
    William Paley.Logan Paul Gage - 2017 - In Paul Copan, I. I. I. Tremper Longman, Christopher L. Reese & Michael G. Strauss (eds.), Dictionary of Christianity and Science: The Definitive Reference for the Intersection of Christian Faith and Contemporary Science. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Academic. pp. 500.
    A brief introduction to the life and work of William Paley, including a discussion of the structure of his famous design argument.
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  10. added 2016-12-08
    Hume's Logical Objection to the Argument From Design Based on the Uniqueness of the Universe.Dennis Temple - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (1):19.
    Arguments from design in Hume's day were often cast as arguments from analogy. For instance, a very simple version might read like this: ‘The universe resembles a machine; machines are the products of intelligent design; therefore, the universe is the product of intelligent design.’ Design arguments were put forward by some of the greatest scientists of the time, including Robert Boyle and Isaac Newton. Such arguments were generally thought to be on a par with the conclusions of physics: Hume raised (...)
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  11. added 2016-09-12
    Doxastic Naturalism and Hume's Voice in the Dialogues.C. M. Lorkowski - 2016 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 14 (3):253-274.
    I argue that acknowledging Hume as a doxastic naturalist about belief in a deity allows an elegant, holistic reading of his Dialogues. It supports a reading in which Hume's spokesperson is Philo throughout, and enlightens many of the interpretive difficulties of the work. In arguing this, I perform a comprehensive survey of evidence for and against Philo as Hume's voice, bringing new evidence to bear against the interpretation of Hume as Cleanthes and against the amalgamation view while correcting several standard (...)
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  12. added 2015-06-21
    Meta-Argumentation in Hume’s Critique of the Design Argument.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - unknown
    Although Hume’s critique of the design argument is a powerful non-inductive meta-argument, the main line of critical reasoning is not analogical but rather a complex meta-argument. It consists of two parts, one interpretive, the other evaluative. The critical meta-argument advances twelve criticisms: that the design argument is weak because two of its three premises are justified by inadequate subarguments; because its main inference embodies four flaws; and because the conclusion is in itself problematic for four reasons. Such complexity is quite (...)
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  13. added 2015-01-28
    A crítica de Hume ao argumento do desígnio.José Oscar de Almeida Marques - 2005 - Doispontos 1 (2):129-147.
    A Crítica de Hume ao Argumento do Desígnio José Oscar de Almeida Marques Dep. de Filosofia – UNICAMP -/- RESUMO: É comum considerar que o chamado “argumento do desígnio” (o argumento a posteriori para provar a existência de Deus a partir da ordem e funcionalidade do mundo) teria sido refutado ou seriamente abalado por Hume. Mas a natureza e o alcance dessa alegada refutação são problemáticos, pois Hume muitas vezes expressou suas críticas através de seus personagens e evitou assumi-las diretamente (...)
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  14. added 2015-01-26
    Hume, Henry More and the Design Argument.Elmer Sprague - 1988 - Hume Studies 14 (2):305-327.
  15. added 2015-01-26
    Hume's Criticism of the Argument From Design.Grave Sa - 1976 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 30 (115-116):64-78.
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  16. added 2015-01-26
    Hume, Newton, and the Design Argument. [REVIEW]M. M. E. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (3):589-589.
    Newton and his contemporaries reinterpreted the traditional "design" argument for God's existence to argue from a universe, conceived along mechanistic lines, to the "Supreme Geometrician" who planned the design, started the machine, and continually compensates for its mechanical inadequacies. This position, Hurlbutt contends, was Hume's primary target in his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, a target which Hume effectively demolished. Hurlbutt attempts to amplify the significance of this thesis by summarizing various classical and medieval arguments for God's existence. Hume, he feels, (...)
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  17. added 2015-01-26
    Hume, Newton and the Design Argument. By Robert H. Hurlbutt III. (University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Neb., 1965. Pp. Xiv + 222. $5.00.). [REVIEW]E. L. Mascall - 1966 - Philosophy 41 (156):181-.
  18. added 2015-01-24
    Design and its Discontents.Bruce H. Weber - 2011 - Synthese 178 (2):271 - 289.
    The design argument was rebutted by David Hume. He argued that the world and its contents (such as organisms) were not analogous to human artifacts. Hume further suggested that there were equally plausible alternatives to design to explain the organized complexity of the cosmos, such as random processes in multiple universes, or that matter could have inherent properties to self-organize, absent any external crafting. William Paley, writing after Hume, argued that the functional complexity of living beings, however, defied naturalistic explanations. (...)
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  19. added 2015-01-24
    Hume’s “Farther Scenes”: Maupertuis and Buffon in the Dialogues.Peter Knox-Shaw - 2008 - Hume Studies 34 (2):209-230.
    While numerous sources have been found for the ideas expressed by Cleanthes and Demea in the Dialogues, Philo’s thoughts have commonly been taken to originate with Hume. It is clear, however, both from internal and external evidence, that Hume drew for his (sometimes wayward) spokesman on that mid-century ferment in the life sciences that Denis Diderot described as a “revolution.” The restoration of this context—obscured by the late publication of the Dialogues—suggests that Philo’s celebrated critique of theism is merely one (...)
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  20. added 2015-01-24
    Hume e o argumento do desígnio.Marcos Rodrigues Silvdaa - 2006 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 47 (113):115-130.
  21. added 2015-01-24
    The World, the Flesh and the Argument From Design.William Boos - 1995 - Synthese 104 (2):15 - 52.
    In the the passage just quoted from the Dialogues concerning Natural Religion, David Hume developed a thought-experiment that contravened his better-known views about "chance" expressed in his Treatise and first Enquiry. For among other consequences of the 'eternal-recurrence' hypothesis Philo proposes in this passage, it may turn out that what the vulgar call cause is nothing but a secret and concealed chance. (In this sentence, I have simply reversed "cause" and "chance" in a well-known passage from Hume's Treatise, p. 130). (...)
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  22. added 2015-01-24
    Hurlbutt, Hume, Newton and the Design Argument. [REVIEW]Stanley Tweyman - 1993 - Hume Studies 19 (1):167-175.
  23. added 2015-01-24
    The Irregular Argument in Hume's Dialogues.Beryl Logan - 1992 - Hume Studies 18 (2):483-500.
  24. added 2015-01-24
    Hume, Newton, and the Design Argument.Robert H. Hurlbutt - 1965 - Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press.
  25. added 2015-01-21
    "The Real 'Letter to Arbuthnot'? A Motive For Hume's Probability Theory in an Early Modern Design Argument".Catherine Kemp - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (3):468-491.
    John Arbuthnot's celebrated but flawed paper in the Philosophical Transactions of 1711-12 is a philosophically and historically plausible target of Hume's probability theory. Arbuthnot argues for providential design rather than chance as a cause of the annual birth ratio, and the paper was championed as a successful extension of the new calculations of the value of wagers in games of chance to wagers about natural and social phenomena. Arbuthnot replaces the earlier anti-Epicurean notion of chance with the equiprobability assumption of (...)
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  26. added 2015-01-21
    David Hume and the Argument to Design.Andrew Pyle - 2012 - In Alan Bailey & Dan O'Brien (eds.), The Continuum Companion to Hume. Continuum. pp. 245.
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  27. added 2015-01-21
    Hume's Chief Objection to Natural Theology.M. C. Bradley - 2007 - Religious Studies 43 (3):249-270.
    In the Dialogues Hume attaches great importance to an objection to the design argument which states, negatively, that from phenomena which embody evil as well as good there can be no analogical inference to the morally perfect deity of traditional theism and, positively, that the proper conclusion as regards moral character is an indifferent designer. The first section of this paper sets out Hume's points, and the next three offer an updating of Hume's objection which will apply to Swinburne's Bayesian (...)
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  28. added 2015-01-16
    Kant, Hume, Darwin, and Design: Why Intelligent Design Wasn't Science Before Darwin and Still Isn't.Jonathan Loesberg - 2007 - Philosophical Forum 38 (2):95–123.
  29. added 2015-01-15
    Bayesianism, Analogy, and Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.Sally Ferguson - 2002 - Hume Studies 28 (1):113-130.
    Analyses of the argument from design in Hume's Dialogues concerning Natural Religion have generally treated that argument as an example of reasoning by analogy. In this paper I examine whether it is in accord with Hume's thinking about the argument to subsume the version of it given in the Dialogues under the model of probabilistic reasoning offered by Bayes's theorem. Wesley Salmon attempted this project in 1978. In related projects, David Owen as well as Philip Dawid and Donald Gillies have (...)
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  30. added 2015-01-15
    On Some Criticisms of Hume’s Principle of Proportioning Cause to Effect.John Beaudoin - 1999 - Philo 2 (2):26-40.
    That no qualities ought to be ascribed to a cause beyond what are requisite for bringing about its effect(s) is a methodological principle Hume employs to evacuate arguments from design of much theological significance. In this article I defend Hume’s use of the principle against several objections brought against it by Richard Swinburne.
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  31. added 2015-01-15
    The World, the Flesh and the Argument From Design.William Boos - 1994 - Synthese 101 (1):15 - 52.
    In the the passage just quoted from theDialogues concerning Natural Religion, David Hume developed a thought-experiment that contravened his better-known views about chance expressed in hisTreatise and firstEnquiry.For among other consequences of the eternal-recurrence hypothesis Philo proposes in this passage, it may turn out that what the vulgar call cause is nothing but a secret and concealed chance.
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  32. added 2015-01-15
    Hume and Barker on the Logic of Design.H. S. Harris - 1983 - Hume Studies 9 (1):19-24.
  33. added 2015-01-15
    Religion and Science: A New Look at Hume's Dialogues.Wesley C. Salmon - 1978 - Philosophical Studies 33 (2):143 - 176.
    This article deals with the design argument for the existence of God as it is discussed in hume's "dialogues concerning natural religion". Using bayes's theorem in the probability calculus--Which hume almost certainly could not have known as such--It shows how the various arguments advanced by philo and cleanthes fit neatly into a comprehensive logical structure. The conclusion is drawn that, Not only does the empirical evidence fail to support the theistic hypothesis, But also renders the atheistic hypothesis quite highly probable. (...)
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  34. added 2015-01-15
    “Experimental Theism” and the Verbal Dispute in Hume’s Dialogues.Martin Andic - 1974 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 56 (3):239-256.
  35. added 2015-01-14
    La Crítica de Hume Al Argumento Del Designio.Eléonore Le Jallé - 2011 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 52:159-172.
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  36. added 2015-01-14
    Remarques Sur la Théologie Naturelle Anglo-Saxonne Aujourd’Hui.Philippe Gagnon - 2005 - Connaître. Cahiers de l'Association Foi Et Culture Scientifique 22:83-108.
    This paper first outlines the main ideas of British natural theology, and shows the perennial value some of them have kept. It then outlines ways of searching for connections between God and nature, seeking traces of intelligence, first in the context of the setting of the modern ontology of the laws of nature, and then in the context of the design argument. It contrasts the positions of Hume and Paley. A presentation of recent "intelligent design" proposals is then offered, from (...)
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  37. added 2015-01-14
    Hume and the Argument for Biological Design.Graham Oppy - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (4):519-534.
    There seems to be a widespread conviction — evidenced, for example, in the work of Mackie, Dawkins and Sober — that it is Darwinian rather than Humean considerations which deal the fatal logical blow to arguments for intelligent design. I argue that this conviction cannot be well-founded. If there are current logically decisive objections to design arguments, they must be Humean — for Darwinian considerations count not at all against design arguments based upon apparent cosmological fine-tuning. I argue, further, that (...)
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  38. added 2015-01-14
    Hume on the Logic of Design.Stephen Barker - 1983 - Hume Studies 9 (1):1-18.
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  39. added 2015-01-13
    Hume, Reid, and Signs of Intelligence.William Dembski - manuscript
    David Hume’s critique of intelligent design is vastly overrated. Nevertheless, his critique, especially at the hands of his contemporary disciples, has been highly effective at shutting down discussion about design. I want here to review Hume’s critique, indicate how modern disciples have updated it, and then describe the response to Hume by his contemporary Thomas Reid. That response in my view is decisive. Would that more philosophers studied it. Hume did not demolish design. Reid demolished Hume.
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  40. added 2013-12-08
    Hume's Reproduction Parody of the Design Argument.Paul Draper - 1991 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 8 (2):135 - 148.
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  41. added 2013-12-08
    Superhuman Speech and Biological Books.James Dye - 1988 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 5 (3):257 - 272.
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  42. added 2013-12-08
    The Design Argument: Hume's Critique of Poor Reason.J. C. A. Gaskin - 1976 - Religious Studies 12 (3):331 - 345.
  43. added 2013-12-08
    Hume's Critique of the Argument From Design.Edwin Rabbitte - 1955 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 5:100-117.
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  44. added 2013-09-23
    The Argument From Design: Some Better Reasons for Agreeing with Hume.Gary Doore - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (2):145 - 161.
  45. added 2013-08-27
    Hume's Criticism of the Argument From Design.S. A. Grave - 1976 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 30 (1/2=115/116):64-78.
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