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  1. added 2017-01-09
    Hume e o universalismo na moral: por uma alternativa não kantiana.Adriano Naves Brito - 2008 - Ethic@ 7:123-136.
    O texto é uma defesa, inspirada em Hume, da naturalização de valores morais, especificamente da universalidade e da igualdade. Tomo a posição de Tugendhat a respeito da relação entre afetos e julgamentos morais como o ponto de partida para explicitar o problema central da naturalização na moralidade, que é a naturalização dos valores. Mostro, então, que a assunção de uma assimetria entre afetos e razão, em favor desta última, é a nota característica da tradição kantiana, cujo núcleo é uma teoria (...)
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  2. added 2016-01-30
    Aesthetics and Morals in the Philosophy of David Hume.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2007 - Routledge.
    The book has two aims. First, to examine the extent and significance of the connection between Hume's aesthetics and his moral philosophy; and, second, to consider how, in light of the connection, his moral philosophy answers central questions in ethics. The first aim is realized in chapters 1-4. Chapter 1 examines Hume's essay "Of the Standard of Taste" to understand his search for a "standard" and how this affects the scope of his aesthetics. Chapter 2 establishes that he treats beauty (...)
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  3. added 2015-12-05
    La Naturaleza de la Moral Según David Hume.Fernando Aranda Fraga - 2004 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 60 (1):61 - 80.
    A intenção do presente artigo é essencialmente responder à pergunta por que é que Hume constitui um claro representante do construtivismo ético. Nesse sentido, o autor começa por demonstrar até que ponto a gnoseologia de Hume determina em grande medida o conteúdo da sua teoria moral. Aquela, bem como a sua aplicação ao campo da moral, origina-se na sua aceitação do nominalismo, tanto em epistemologia como em metafísica. Com efeito, mediante a teoria associacionista das ideias, é possível inferir noções prováveis, (...)
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  4. added 2015-10-17
    Hume's Ethics.Daniel E. Flage - 1985 - Philosophical Topics 13 (3):71-88.
    If there is a normative moral theory embedded in Hume's works and if the recent critics of the utilitarian interpretation of Hume are correct in claiming that he was not a utilitarian, then what is the nature of Hume's moral theory? In this paper I hope to provide a plausible answer to that question by examining Hume's contention that the moral sentiment is analogous to a secondary quality. I shall show that his discussions of the moral sentiment provide one with (...)
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  5. added 2015-09-04
    Hume on Ethics, Aesthetics, and the Difference It Makes.EImer H. Duncan - 1986 - Southwest Philosophy Review 3:60-69.
  6. added 2015-08-06
    The Humean Approach to Moral Diversity.Mark Collier - 2013 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 11 (1):41-52.
    In ‘A Dialogue’, Hume offers an important reply to the moral skeptic. Skeptics traditionally point to instances of moral diversity in support of the claim that our core values are fixed by enculturation. Hume argues that the skeptic exaggerates the amount of variation in moral codes, however, and fails to adopt an indulgent stance toward attitudes different from ours. Hume proposes a charitable interpretation of moral disagreement, moreover, which traces it back to shared principles of human nature. Contemporary philosophers attempt (...)
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  7. added 2015-06-09
    Beauty and Deformity: Hume, Kant, and the Nature of Moral Life.Timothy Michael Costelloe - 2001 - Dissertation, Emory University
    This dissertation investigates the role of beauty in the moral philosophies of Hume and Kant. It interprets Hume's thought by showing how he applies "beauty" to conduct and character as well as nature and art; how his "critique" of philosophical reason informs his view of morality; and how his approach compares and contrasts to that of Kant. ;Chapter one examines Hume's concept of "general rules," concluding that philosophy involves reflecting upon ordinary life and formulating "principles" to explain it. This clarifies (...)
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  8. added 2015-06-09
    A Personal Element in Morality.William Davie - 1988 - Hume Studies 14 (1):191-205.
  9. added 2015-06-05
    Obligation and Human Nature in Hume's Philosophy.Mendel F. Cohen - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (160):316-341.
    It is commonly held that moral judgements are implicitly general — or universalizable — in that if anyone is morally obligated to perform or refrain from some action, everyone in relevantly similar circumstances is similarly obligated. I undertake here to show that David Hume fully subscribed to this thesis and that because of the way it is related to his conceptions of obligation and what he terms the practicality of morals he is pushed to insist that the moral sentiments of (...)
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  10. added 2015-03-21
    Hume's Universalism: The Science of Man and the Anthropological Point of View.Christopher J. Berry - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (3):535 – 550.
    My focus is Hume's advertised attempt to establish foundationally a science of man. Though it is not his sole motivation, central to this effort is his intention to undermine the credibility of superstitious, supernatural accounts of what makes humans and their social life function. The argument of this paper is that attempts to downplay Hume's universalism and, in virtue of his recognition of diversity, to identify him as subscribing to some form of historicism or relativism, are mistaken or at best (...)
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  11. added 2015-01-26
    Hume on Cultural Conflicts of Values.Kate Abramson - 1999 - Philosophical Studies 94 (1-2):173-187.
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  12. added 2015-01-19
    Humean Constructivism and the Relativity Problem(S).Dale Dorsey - manuscript
    In this paper, I argue that a form of moral constructivism inspired by Hume's Enquiry yields a plausible response to the problem of relativity. Though this problem can be stated in many different ways, I argue that a Humean constructivism is far more universal in scope that Hume's positions are often taken to be. In addition, I argue that where Hume's position does imply a limited scope, this limitation is perfectly appropriate. I discuss four iterations of the relativity problem(s) here: (...)
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  13. added 2015-01-19
    Universal Moral Standards and the Problem of Cultural Relativism in Hume's ‘A Dialogue’.Henrik Bohlin - 2013 - Philosophy 88 (4):593-606.
    An interpretation and critical re-construction is offered of David Hume's argument on cultural relativism in the essay ‘A Dialogue’ . For any issue of moral disagreement, Hume contends, either one side can be shown right and the other wrong, or imprecision in moral principles leaves room for more than one reasonable view, or the disagreement concerns a morally indifferent aesthetic matter, or it is caused by ‘artificial’ moral sentiments. In each case, relativism is the wrong view. Following an analysis of (...)
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