About this topic
Summary Hume's ethics emphasizes our common humanity and our capacity to develop moral sensibilities in response to varying circumstances. He argues that moral distinctions arise from our sympathizing with the effects of character traits on those who have them and the people they interact with. The resulting judgments can have intersubjective validity both because they are rooted in common human nature, and because we can correct our sentimental responses by taking up a "general point of view" in place of a more partial perspective. Hume's aesthetics and politics also reflect the idea that corrected and cultivated passions provide a basis for sound normative judgments. He argues that discerning critics can provide a standard of taste, and that such taste is a significant aspect of human life and character. Although various political parties have claimed him as a supporter, Hume contends that philosophers should be unpartisan. He argues against both Lockean and Hobbesian contract theories and limits the right to resist sovereigns to extreme cases.
Key works

Hume's Treatise of Human Nature contains his initial exposition of his theory of the passions and morals. He later published an edited account of the former in A Dissertation on the Passions. An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals is Hume's mature statement of his moral theory and the work that he believed to be his best. Although the above works include some material relevant to his aesthetics and political philosophy, the Essays, Moral, Political and Literary contain lengthier discussions of these aspects of Hume's thought. Also relevant, particularly to Hume's political views, is his History of England. The Clarendon Press has published critical editions of the Treatise (Norton & Norton 2007), the Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (Beauchamp 2006), and the Dissertation on the Passions (together with The Natural History of Religion) (Hume 2007). Liberty Fund offers editions of both the Essays (Miller 1987) and History of England (Todd 1983).

Introductions Norton & Taylor 2008 and Radcliffe 2008 include many helpful articles that could serve as introductions to Hume's ethics, aesthetics, and social and political philosophy. Lists of the many book-length treatments of Hume's ethics and politics are available online at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Zalta 2004, open-access) and The Routledge Encylopedia of Philosophy (Craig 1996, subscription required). Townsend 2001 is notable as a comprehensive study of Hume's aesthetics. Ardal 1966 is a classic treatment of Hume's theory of the passions.
Related categories

2917 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 2917
Material to categorize
  1. David Hume e Adam Smith, Elementi per una ricerca di filosofia giuridica e politica.Bagolini Luigi - 1977 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 167 (1):63-66.
  2. "David Hume: Common-Sense Moralist and Sceptical Metaphysician" by David Fate Norton. [REVIEW]Baier Annette - 1983 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (1):127.
  3. David Hume's Theology of Liberation.Roger Barrus - 1991 - Interpretation 18 (2):251-272.
  4. David Hume.A. H. Basson - 1960 - Philosophy 35 (134):274-275.
  5. David Hume.A. H. Basson - 1958 - Penguin Books.
  6. 6. From Private Property in Hume and Locke to the Universality of Natural Laws.David Braybrooke - 2001 - In Natural Law Modernized. University of Toronto Press. pp. 147-177.
  7. Reason in Hume’s Passions.Nathan Brett & Katharina Paxman - 2008 - Hume Studies 34 (1):43-59.
    Hume is famous for the view that “reason is, and ought only to be, the slave of the passions.” His claim that “we are no sooner acquainted with the impossibility of satisfying any desire, than the desire itself vanishes” is less well known. Each seems, in opposite ways, shocking to common sense. This paper explores the latter claim, looking for its source in Hume’s account of the passions and exploring its compatibility with his associationist psychology. We are led to the (...)
  8. The Moral Philosophy of David Hume.Broiles R. David - 1965 - Philosophy 40 (154):354-355.
  9. The moral philosophy of David Hume.R. David Broiles - 1967 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 157:401-402.
  10. The Moral Philosophy of David Hume.R. David Broiles - 1966 - Philosophical Quarterly 16 (64):279-280.
  11. Philosophie Et Esthétique Chez David Hume.Brunet Olivier - 1965 - A.-G. Nizet.
  12. ‘Ought-Lmplies-Can’ and Hume's Rule.D. G. Collingridge - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (201):348.
  13. Parents, Politicians, and the Public: Hume's Natural History of Justice is Humean Enough.Scott Collison - unknown
    David Hume argues that reflections upon public utility explain the psychological foundations of justice and the moral feelings attendant on it. Adam Smith objects that Hume’s theory of justice is psychologically implausible. A just punishment attracts the approval of every citizen on Hume’s alleged view. Not every citizen can consider the abstract public interest every time, Smith observes, so Hume can’t have explained all of justice. I argue, in response, that Smith’s objection has not accounted for all of the causal (...)
  14. Sergio rabade romeo: Hume Y el fenomenismo moderno.Carlos A. Iturralde Colombres - 1976 - Sapientia 31 (119):71.
  15. Sobre a Natureza da Teoria Moral de Hume.Jaimir Conte - 2006 - Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia 47 (113).
  16. Sergio Rábade Romeo: Hume y el fenomenismo moderno. [REVIEW]Carla Cordua - 1976 - Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 2 (3):269.
  17. Don Garrett, Hume.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2016 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 14 (2):165-170.
  18. David Hume on Morals, Politics and Society.Angela Coventry & Andrew Valls (eds.) - forthcoming - Yale University Press.
  19. The Blush: Literary and Psychological Perspectives.W. Ray Crozier - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (4):502-516.
    Literary analysis of the blush in Austen's novels identifies three themes, namely the potential ambiguity of a blush, its association with modesty, and its erotic and gendered nature, issues that scarcely figure in current psychological explanations of the phenomenon. I examine these themes and compare them with current psychological accounts which assign a central place to embarrassment and, more specifically, emphasise either unwanted social attention, exposure of the self, or the blush's signalling function. Analysis of Austen's work suggests that greater (...)
  20. Uma abordagem dos direitos humanos a partir de Hume e dos sentimentos morais/A human rights approach from Hume and moral sentiments.André Luiz Olivier da Silva - 2013 - Natureza Humana - Revista Internacional de Filosofia E Psicanálise 15 (2).
    O presente artigo propõe uma abordagem dos direitos humanos a partir da perspectiva de Hume acerca dos sentimentos morais, ao mesmo tempo em que descarta a tese dos programas racionalistas de fundamentação dos direitos que chegam ao ponto de afirmar a existência de direitos naturais que todos possuiriam em razão de sua própria natureza humana. Contra esses programas, a postura cética e naturalista de Hume pode nos auxiliar a explicar o modo como os direitos humanos são enunciados por ativistas e (...)
  21. Paixão e interesse natural na investigação de Hume sobre a justiça: Passion and natural interest in the Hume’s investigation on justice.André Olivier da Silva - 2011 - Controvérsia 7 (3).
  22. Utilidade e simpatia: Hume contra o egoísmo cético.André Olivier da Silva - 2007 - Controvérsia 3 (2).
  23. Review Of: S Botros, Hume, Reason and Morality. [REVIEW]Jonathan Dancy - unknown
  24. Reason and Feeling in Hume's Action Theory and Moral Philosophy Hume's Reasonable Passion.DANIEL J. SHAW - 1998 - Edwin Mellen Press.
  25. Essais moraux, politiques et littéraires, Première partie.DAVID HUME - 1999
  26. Peter W. Graham.Jane Austen & Charles Darwin: Naturalists and Novelists. Xviii + 196 Pp., Bibl., Index. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2008. $99.95. [REVIEW]Gowan Dawson - 2009 - Isis 100 (2):421-422.
  27. Hume e a justiça como virtude artificial: Hume and justice as an artificial virtue.Marco Oliveira de Azevedo - 2011 - Controvérsia 7 (3).
  28. Hume e o entendimento humano:estudo introdutório.Adriano Naves de Brito - 2010 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 2 (2):03-24.
    Este trabalho é um estudo introdutório e didático da concepção humeana do entendimento humano.Na primeira parte apresento a concepção empirista em que Hume se inscreve, na segunda são sumariados os principais aspectos de sua teoria acerca do entendimento humano e na última parte teço algumas considerações a propósito do papel da linguagem e do juízo nesta teoria. .
  29. Hume E o empirismo na moral.Adriano Naves de Brito - 2008 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 6 (1/2).
    O que pretendo defender neste texto é que uma posição empirista na moral é compatível com uma pretensão de validade intersubjetiva de juízos morais. Essa pretensão deve, nesse caso, estar calcada na naturalização dos fundamentos da moralidade, mas tem de conviver com limites acerca da justificação de enunciados de valor. Para defender esse ponto, sirvo-me da filosofia moral de Hume, como ele a expôs no seu texto Uma investigação sobre os princípios da moral. No que diz respeito à filosofia de (...)
  30. Harrison, J., Hume's Moral Epistemology. [REVIEW]H. De Dijn - 1978 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 40:137.
  31. Razón y pasión en Hume.Yolanda de la Fuente - 2007 - Isegoría 36:239-260.
    Este artículo pretende mostrar la crítica de Hume a la tradicional oposición entre razón y pasión. Frente al modelo de razón geométrica y de metafísica esencialista de cuna platónico-pitagórica, Hume apuesta por otra fuente de certezas «a la medida de lo humano », capaz de superar las «miserias» —limitaciones y excesos ideológicos— de esa razón demostrativa e intuitiva. En las cuestiones de hecho y en la moral no hay autoevidencias geométricas. Sólo un nuevo y más amplio modelo de racionalidad será (...)
  32. Jones . - Hume's Sentiments. [REVIEW]D. Deleule - 1984 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 174:478.
  33. Hume Et la Naissance du Libéralisme Économique.Didier Deleule - 1979
  34. David Lowenthal.Luoghi Della Memoria E. Dell'oblio, Forgiare E. Dimenticare & I. Doveri Dell'oblio - 1995 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 8:95.
  35. El Origen del Estado y la Obediencia Civil en Hume / L'origen de l'estat i l'obediència Civil en Hume.Mª. Cinta Espuny Domingo - 2002 - A Parte Rei: Revista de Filosofía 23.
  36. Objectivity and Perfection in Hume’s Hedonism.Dale Dorsey - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (2):245-270.
  37. Morals, Motivation and Convention.Alan Dutton - 1992 - Philosophical Books 33 (4):209-210.
  38. David Hume: Compendio de un Tratado de la Naturaleza Humana. [REVIEW] E. De Olaso - 1977 - Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 3 (2):205.
  39. Honestumis asHonestumDoes: Reid, Hume – and Mandeville?!Jeffrey Edwards - 2014 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 12 (1):121-143.
    How are we to understand Thomas Reid in relation to Bernard de Mandeville? I answer this question by considering two components of the assessment of Hume's theory of morals that Reid provides in his Essays on the Active Powers of Man: first, Reid's claim that Hume's system of morals cannot accommodate the Stoic conception of moral worth ; second, Reid's charge that Hume's account of morally meritorious action leads to an inflated and incoherent version of Epicurean virtue theory. I thus (...)
  40. Hume's Unreasonable Desires.Berent Enç - 1996 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 13 (2):239 - 254.
  41. David Hume and the Scottish Enlightenment.Gerhard Engel - 2013 - In Christopher Luetege (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Springer. pp. 253--279.
  42. An Elementary Treatise on Moral Philosophy.William Watson English - 1865
  43. Founding Morality: ‘Hume V. Plato’ or ‘Hume & Plato’?Edmund L. Erde - 1978 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):19-25.
  44. Hume on Is and Ought.W. D. Falk - 1976 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):359 - 378.
  45. Hume on Practical Reason.W. D. Falk - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 27 (1):1 - 18.
    Offers a reading of philosopher David Hume regarding his views on practical reason. Arguments of Hume for his conception of practical reason; View of Hume on the influencing motives of the will; Approach of Hume on the standards of practical reasoning.
  46. Essays and Treatises on Philosophical Subjects.Lorne Falkenstein & Neil McArthur (eds.) - 2013 - Broadview Press.
    This is the first edition in over a century to present David Hume’s _Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding_, _Dissertation on the Passions_, _Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals_, and _Natural History of Religion_ in the format he intended: collected together in a single volume. Hume has suffered a fate unusual among great philosophers. His principal philosophical work is no longer published in the form in which he intended it to be read. It has been divided into separate parts, only some of (...)
  47. The Arts of Industry in the Age of Enlightenment. [REVIEW]Patricia Fara - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Science 43 (3):488-489.
  48. Hume: The Virtues.Rachel Fedock - 2011 - Philosophical Forum 42 (3):309-309.
  49. Convergence and Formal Manipulation of Series in the First Decades of the Eighteenth Century.Giovanni Ferraro - 2002 - Annals of Science 59 (2):179-199.
  50. The Virtue Ethics of Hume and Nietzsche.Noah W. Fitzgerel - 2015 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 23 (5):784-787.
1 — 50 / 2917