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Husserl’s treatment of intentionality does not just account for how the mind picks out objects in the world. Rather, it accounts for how the object comes to be given for the subject, with the kind of orderliness and permanence, vis-à-vis the changeable materials of consciousness, as to invest it with objectivity and materiality in the first place. The account is developed from the first-person perspective, and it involves a methodical “bracketing” of the world and the objects in it, so as to investigate their constitution in intentional acts. Husserl’s discussions of intentionality contain a variety of more or less arcane technical terms: “constitution,” “the horizons,” “the noesis,” and “the noema,” giving rise to various issues. A discussion in the secondary literature may thus appear to focus on the topic of “constitution,” another, say, on “the horizons,” or on “the noema.” It may be no easy matter to decide whether these are mere terminological differences, or whether we are indeed dealing with important differences in perspective or subject matter.  

Key works An important treatment, with a focus on the ideas of truth and intuitive evidence, is Tugendhat 1967. Smith & McIntyre 1984, and Beyer 2000, bridge the Husserlian discussions of intentionality with ideas current in analytic philosophy of mind and language. Ströker 1984 discusses the development of Husserl’s static account of intentional acts into a genetic account of intentional life, transforming the transcendental ego from an abstract act-pole to a concrete, embodied ego. Drummond 2003 develops a discussion covering the central aspects of (perceptual) intentional experiences, around the idea that the noema is “the perceived as perceived,” (the East Coast interpretation of the noema) and not a kind of intermediary between the act and its object (the West Coast interpretation of the noema). Mohanty 1972, Zahavi 2008
Introductions Zahavi 2003, Ch. 1, Bernet et al 1993, Ch. 3, David 2006, Ch. 6
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  1. Philosophy, Human Nature and the Collapse of Civilization -- Articles and Reviews 2006-2017 3rd Ed 686p(2017).Michael Starks - 2017 - Henderson, NV USA: Michael Starks.
    This collection of articles was written over the last 10 years and the most important and longest within the last year. Also I have edited them to bring them up to date (2017). The copyright page has the date of this edition and new editions will be noted there as I edit old articles or add new ones. All the articles are about human behavior (as are all articles by anyone about anything), and so about the limitations of having a (...)
  2. Philosophy, Human Nature and the Collapse of Civilization -- Articles and Reviews 2006-2017 3rd Ed 686p(2017).Michael Starks - 2017 - Henderson, NV USA: Michael Starks.
    This collection of articles was written over the last 10 years and the most important and longest within the last year. Also I have edited them to bring them up to date (2017). The copyright page has the date of this edition and new editions will be noted there as I edit old articles or add new ones. All the articles are about human behavior (as are all articles by anyone about anything), and so about the limitations of having a (...)
  3. Review of The New Science of the Mind by Marc Rowlands (2013).Michael Starks - 2017 - Philosophy, Human Nature and the Collapse of Civilization Michael Starks 3rd Ed. (2017).
    Before remarking on “The New Science of the Mind”, I first offer some comments on philosophy and its relationship to contemporary psychological research as exemplified in the works of Searle (S),Wittgenstein (W), Hacker (H) et al. It will help to see my reviews of PNC (Philosophy in a New Century), TLP, PI, OC, Making the Social World (MSW) and other books by and about these geniuses, who provide a clear description of higher order behavior, not found in psychology nor philosophy, (...)
Husserl: Constitution
  1. Phenomenology as Critique: Teleological–Historical Reflection and Husserl’s Transcendental Eidetics.Andreea Smaranda Aldea - 2016 - Husserl Studies 32 (1):21-46.
    Many have deemed ineluctable the tension between Husserl’s transcendental eidetics and his Crisis method of historical reflection. In this paper, I argue that this tension is an apparent one. I contend that dissolving this tension and showing not only the possibility, but also the necessity of the successful collaboration between these two apparently irreconcilable methods guarantees the very freedom of inquiry Husserl so emphatically stressed. To make this case, I draw from Husserl’s synthetic analyses of type and concept constitution as (...)
  2. The problem of the constitution of intersubjectivity in Husserl’s thinking.Cristóbal Balbontín - 2015 - Alpha (Osorno) 41:251-268.
    En este artículo describiremos la vitalidad del sistema fonológico del mapudungun hablado por escolares pewenches de la Provincia del Biobío, VIII Región. Específicamente, nos hemos propuesto: a) Determinar los fonos/fonemas, y su fonotaxis, que se relevan como indicadores de vitalidad, b) Identificar las transferencias fonético-fonológicas presentes en la fonología del pewenche hablado por estos escolares y c) Interpretar las transferencias encontradas en términos del grado de vitalidad de la fonología de la lengua. La muestra está conformada por un grupo de (...)
  3. Synthèse passive et affinité chez Husserl.Bernard Barsotti - 1999 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 3:379-400.
  4. La teneur phénoménologique du monde constitué chez Husserl.Jules Bednarski - 1964 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 19 (1):49 - 56.
  5. L'héritage ambigu: Kant, Husserl et la question de la synthèse passive.Bruce Bégout - 2000 - Recherches Husserliennes 13:31-68.
  6. La Généalogie de la Logique: Husserl, L’Antéprédicatif Et le Catégorial.Bruce Bégout - 2000 - Vrin.
    Si le concept husserlien de passivité a fasciné toute une génération de philosophes , il a rarement fait l’objet d’une étude qui adopte la perspective du fondateur de la phénoménologie. Husserl considère que la passivité appartient sans reste à la sphère de la constitution et qu’elle consolide par conséquent son transcendantalisme. Loin d’être un domaine de sens irréductible à la rationalité, elle représente même le fondement des opérations de la pensée catégoriale. C’est en son sein que doivent être cherchées les (...)
  7. Merleau-Ponty's Ontological Reading of Constitution.Elizabeth A. Behnke - 2002 - In Ted Toadvine & Lester Embree (eds.), Merleau-Ponty’s Reading of Husserl. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 31-50.
  8. The Concept of Passivity in Husserl's Phenomenology.Victor Biceaga - 2010 - Springer.
    The book outlines the contribution of passivity to the constitution of phenomena as diverse as temporal syntheses, perceptual associations, memory fulfillment and cross-cultural communication.
  9. Symbolic Pregnance and Passive Synthesis-Genetic Phenomenology of Perception in Cassirer and Husserl.M. Bosch - 2002 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 109 (1):148-161.
  10. Symbolische Prägnanz und passive Synthesis. Genetische Phänomenologie der Wahrnehmung bei Cassirer und Husserl.M. Bosch - 2002 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 109:148-161.
  11. Elmar Holenstein, Phänomenologie der Assoziation: Zu Struktur Und Funktion Eines Grundprinzips der Passiven Genesis Bei E. Husserl. [REVIEW]Philip J. Bossert - 1974 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (1):138-140.
  12. D. C. S. Oosthuizen on Husserl’s Doctrine of Constitution.Catherine F. Botha - 2016 - Husserl Studies 32 (2):131-147.
    The following is an English translation of the 1960 paper by the South African philosopher D. C. S. Oosthuizen entitled “Die Transendentaal-Frenomenologiese Idealisme: ‘n Aspek van die konstitusie-probleem in die filosofie van Edmund Husserl,” preceded by a few contextualizing remarks by the translator. The paper attempts to show that the phenomenological, eidetic and transcendental reductions, the problem of constitution and transcendental genesis are indispensable parts of the transcendental phenomenological method. It then demonstrates that this method and the results that are (...)
  13. Husserl’s Theory of Instincts as a Theory of Affection.Matt Bower - 2014 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 45 (2):133-147.
    Husserl’s theory of passive experience first came to systematic and detailed expression in the lectures on passive synthesis from the early 1920s, where he discusses pure passivity under the rubric of affection and association. In this paper I suggest that this familiar theory of passive experience is a first approximation leaving important questions unanswered. Focusing primarily on affection, I will show that Husserl did not simply leave his theory untouched. In later manuscripts he significantly reworks the theory of affection in (...)
  14. Unsichtbare Grenzen. Zur Phänomenologie der Normalität, Liminalität und Anomalität.Thiemo Breyer - 2010 - In Philippe Merz, Andrea Staiti & Frank Steffen (eds.), Geist-Person-Gemeinschaft: Freiburger Beiträge zur Aktualität Husserls. Ergon.
  15. Consciousness is Not a Bag: Immanence, Transcendence, and Constitution in the Idea of Phenomenology.John B. Brough - 2008 - Husserl Studies 24 (3):177-191.
    A fruitful way to approach The Idea of Phenomenology is through Husserl’s claim that consciousness is not a bag, box, or any other kind of container. The bag conception, which dominated much of modern philosophy, is rooted in the idea that philosophy is restricted to investigating only what is really immanent to consciousness, such as acts and sensory contents. On this view, what Husserl called the riddle of transcendence can never be solved. The phenomenological reduction, as Husserl develops it in (...)
  16. Surrogates and Empty Intentions: Husserl’s “On the Logic of Signs” as the Blueprint for His First Logical Investigation.Thomas Byrne - forthcoming - Husserl Studies:1-17.
    This paper accomplishes two tasks. First, I examine in detail Edmund Husserl’s earliest philosophy of surrogates, as it is found in his 1890 “On the Logic of Signs ”. I analyze his psychological and logical investigations of surrogates, where the former is concerned with explaining how these signs function and the latter with how they do so reliably. His differentiation of surrogates on the basis of their genetic origins and degrees of necessity is discussed. Second, the historical importance of this (...)
  17. Husserl, Heidegger and the Phenomenology of Logic.Derrick Roy Calandrella - 2001 - Dissertation, Pennsylvania State University
    This dissertation deals with the ways in which Husserl and Heidegger as phenomenologists are guided by the commitment to a logical theory of science. It considers the internal relationship between, respectively, Husserlian and Heideggerian phenomenology and a conception of logic that would link phenomenological philosophy of logic to the contemporary definition of this discipline. The dramatic transition in the modern history of logic is played out explicitly in Husserl's conception of formal theory of science, which hinges on his idea of (...)
  18. Transcendence and the Transcendental in Husserl's Phenomenology.John D. Caputo - 1979 - Philosophy Today 23 (3):205-216.
    The author attempts to isolate the defining characteristic of the distinction between the transcendental and the transcendent in husserl and argues that it is found, Not in husserl's notion of reflection, But in his theory of constitution. Reflection is shown to be compatible with a transcendent interpretation of consciousness. Finally, Heidegger's phenomenology is shown to have rejected pure reflection but to have incorporated, Mutatis mutandi, A version of constitution.
  19. Touch and the Constitution of the Thing in Husserl’ s Vorlesungen of 1907.Maria Catena - 2005 - Archivio di Storia Della Cultura 18.
    This essay aims, first of all, at underlining the peculiar idea of perception that emerges from Husserl’s Ding und Raum. Vorlesungen 1907. In analysing the constitution of the Thing and the external perception, Husserl describes an activity which is, at the same time, legal and dependent from the data of reality. In so doing, he manages to avoid both the scepticism, which is ingrained in the idea of perception as simple and spontaneous opening to facts, and the idealism that, on (...)
  20. Das „Problem“ der Habituskonstitution Und Die Spätlehre des Ich in der Genetischen Phänomenologie E. Husserls.Marco Cavallaro - 2016 - Husserl Studies 32 (3):237-261.
    Der vorliegende Aufsatz behandelt zwei Bereiche, deren Zusammenhang in der aktuellen Husserlforschung zu Unrecht in Vergessenheit geraten zu sein scheint: Zum einen konturiere ich den Habitusbegriff und das damit verbundene Problem der Habituskonstitution im Spätwerk E. Husserls. Zum anderen dient das Ergebnis dieser ersten Untersuchung dann als Grundlage für die Frage nach dem Wesen des Ich in der genetischen Phänomenologie. Die Untersuchung besteht aus drei Teilen: Zuerst stelle ich, um die Bedeutung des Begriffs „Habitus“ zu klären, Ingardens Interpretationsalternativen der Habituskonstitution (...)
  21. Wolfgang Huemer: The Constitution of Consciousness: A Study in Analytic Phenomenology. New York: Routledge, 2005. [REVIEW]D. R. Cerbone - 2006 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 73:249.
  22. Merleau-Ponty: da constituição à instituição.Marilena Chauí - 2012 - Dois Pontos 9 (1).
    O artigo analisa a presença e o papel dos conceitos de instituição e de constituição no interior da filosofia de Merleau-Ponty. Buscamos compreender a referência à obra de Husserl, onde tais conceitos se misturam à tarefa fenomenológica de superar a crise da razão através da instalação de um saber rigoroso, fundado no poder constituinte da consciência. Levamos em conta, porém, o fato de que para Merleau-Ponty a fenomenologia precisa admitir que a infraestrutura secreta e selvagem onde nascem nossas teses não (...)
  23. Edmund Husserls Theorie der Raumkonstitution.Ulrich Claesges - 1964 - Springer.
  24. Genesis Passive and Time's Consciousness in E. Husserl: Its Importance in Early Relations.Elba M. Coleclough - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 19:205-213.
    Undoubtedly, Edmund Husserl's work is one of the most important contributions to the philosophy of the Twentieth Century to the field of culture, specifically influence on the formation of a new psychiatric - psychological paradigm embodied in the phenomenological psychology and psychiatry - existential. Thispaper aims to draw a brief introduction to the issues concerning the constitution originating from the life of the subject as the psychological level of objectivity and intersubjectivity, with emphasis on aspects related to the synthetic processes (...)
  25. "The Formation of Husserl's Concept of Constitution," by Robert Sokolowski. [REVIEW]James Collins - 1966 - Modern Schoolman 43 (2):187-188.
  26. "The Formation of Husserl's Concept of Constitution," by Robert Sokolowski. [REVIEW]James Collins - 1966 - Modern Schoolman 43 (2):187-188.
  27. Holenstein, E.: Phänomenologie der Assoziation. Zu Struktur und Funktion eines Grundprinzips der passiven Genesis bei E. Husserl. [REVIEW]Eusebi Colomer - 1974 - Pensamiento 30 (119):337.
  28. Husserl on the World as an Ontologically Dependent Correlate of the Transcendental Subject.Ion Constantin - 2012 - Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 11:103-108.
  29. Jacques Derrida, The Problem of Genesis in Husserl's Phenomenology. [REVIEW]Alexander Cooke - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23:380-382.
  30. Sensory Fields and Seriality in Husserl’s Theory of Constitution. / Sinnliche Felder und Serialität in Husserls Konstitutionstheorie.Ion Copoeru - 2003 - Studia Philosophica 1.
    In an different manner than the classical works of Sokolowski, Tugendhat and Schuhmann, who treated the Husserlian problematic of constitution as reality – subjectivity relation, this study tries to explain that relation in a pure immanent and formal way. The constitution of the object as such presupposes a system of constitution, which, as a part of the system of "transcendental" phenomenology, takes explicitly into account the legality or typicality of the processes and requires their global articulation. Thus, in the first (...)
  31. Analysis and Interpretation in the Husserlian Phenomenology.Ion Copoeru - 2002 - Studia Philosophica 1.
    In spite of some remarkable contributions, Husserl’s project of phenomenology as universal phenomenology still remains incomplete, and therefore may be questionable both in its fundamental idea – that that phenomenology should encompass all the ontologies and all the sciences in general in a final foundation - and in its accomplishments. In order to complete this task, I believe that the methodological orientation of phenomenology should be stressed, and that the distinctions operating in this second-order critique must be prolonged till their (...)
  32. Présentation : la passivité en phénoménologie, un vieux problème à réactiver.Grégory Cormann & Bruno Leclercq - 2012 - Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique 8 (1):1-17.
    Les textes rassemblés ici constituent les « Actes » du cinquième séminaire annuel de l?Unité de recherches Phénoménologie s , qui s?est tenu à l?Université de Liège du 2 au 6 mai 2011 et avait pour intitulé Entre phéno­ménologie et psychologie. Le problème de la passivité . Sans doute le thème de la passivité n?est-il pas neuf en phénoméno­logie. Très souvent, notamment dans le monde francophone, il a été brandi pour nuancer, voire contrecarrer, une certaine conception de la phénoméno­logie qui (...)
  33. A Phenomenological Study of the Transcendental Constitution of the Spatiality of Physical Objects.Robert Graham Cox - 1976 - Dissertation, Pennsylvania State University
  34. ¿Hay Una teoría no idealista de la constitución?Mariano Crespo - 2009 - Revista de filosofía (Chile) 65:105-114.
    Este artículo intenta mostrar que una teoría de la constitución de los objetos del conocimiento no conlleva necesariamente una teoría idealista del conocimiento. El punto de partida es, por un lado, la reconstrucción de los principales elementos de la teoría husserliana de la constitución y, por otro, el análisis de un argumento usado por Husserl en las Investigaciones lógicas a fi n de probar la existencia de objetos ideales. En este orden de cosas, Antonio Millán-Puelles ha mostrado la posibilidad de (...)
  35. ¿hay Una Teoría No Idealista De La Constitución?Mariano Crespo - 2009 - Revista de Filosofía 65:105-114.
    Este artículo intenta mostrar que una teoría de la constitución de los objetos del conocimiento no conlleva necesariamente una teoría idealista del conocimiento. El punto de partida es, por un lado, la reconstrucción de los principales elementos de la teoría husserliana de la constitución y, por otro, el análisis de un argumento usado por Husserl en las Investigaciones lógicas a fi n de probar la existencia de objetos ideales. En este orden de cosas, Antonio Millán-Puelles ha mostrado la posibilidad de (...)
  36. The Intentionality of Passive Experience.Dan Dahlstrom - 2007 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 7:25-42.
  37. Husserl's Mereological Argument for Intentional Constitution.A. S. Errano de Haro - 2010 - In Carlo Ierna, Hanne Jaccobs & Filip Mattens (eds.), PHILOSOPHY PHENOMENOLOGY SCIENCES. Springer.
  38. Intencionalidad, pasividad y autoconciencia en la fenomenología de Husserl.Francesco De Nigris - 2015 - Ideas Y Valores 64 (157):215-250.
    A pesar de los matices y variaciones de significado, el concepto husserliano de intencionalidad no deja de estar al servicio de la idea clásica de la verdad como adaequatio, finalmente adaptada al orden monádico de la conciencia trascendental. Veremos, sin embargo, que en los análisis de Husserl sobre la conciencia interna del tiempo se manifiesta toda la dificultad para interpretar intencionalmente la esfera pasiva de la conciencia, peligrando la peculiar vocación a la verdad de la misma intencionalidad. Intentaremos, mediante las (...)
  39. Philosophia Semper Reformanda: Husserlian Theses on Constitution.Nythamar de Oliveira - 2000 - Manuscrito 23 (2):251-274.
    Starting from the sensuous perception of what is seen, an attempt is made at re-casting a Husserlian theory of constitution of the object of intuition, as one leaves the natural attitude through a transcendental method, by positing several theses so as to avoid the aporias of philosophical binary oppositions such as rationalism and empiri-cism, realism and idealism, logicism and psychologism, subjectivism and objectivism, transcendentalism and ontologism, metaphysics and positivism. Throughout fifty-five theses on constitution, the Husserlian proposal of continuously reforming philosophizing (...)
  40. Der Ursprung des Akts. Husserls Begriff der genetischen Phänomenologie und die Frage nach der Weltkonstitution.Vittorio De Palma - 2015 - Husserl Studies 31 (3):189-212.
    The paper provides a reconstruction of the notion of genetic phenomenology while trying to demonstrate that its elaboration leads Husserl to dismiss de facto the main motivation of his idealism—namely the idea that at the basis of constitution is an immanent and formless stuff shaped or animated by subjective acts. Indeed genetic analysis shows that the original stuff of constitution consists of sensuous contents structured according to a material lawfulness grounded on their peculiarity. By affecting the subject, such contents motivate (...)
  41. Intentionnalité cum fundamento in re : La constitution des champs sensoriels chez Stumpf et Husserl.Arnaud Dewalque - 2012 - Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (1):70-96.
    J?aborderai ici le problème de la passivité de l?esprit dans le cadre d?une analyse de la perception sensible 1 . La question qui m?occupera sera la sui­vante : quel est le rôle des matériaux sensoriels ou des phénomènes sensibles dans la perception ? Plus exactement : quel sens faut-il donner ? s?il faut en donner un ? à la notion de « champs sensoriels » ( Sinnesfelder ) dans l?ana­lyse intentionnelle de la perception ? Je commencerai par rappeler que l?ap­proche (...)
  42. Husserl: intenzionalità versus realismo?Carmine Di Martino - 2012 - Quaestio 12:263-290.
    Many contemporary theoretical perspectives - whether internal to the phenomenological tradition or not - endorse, more o less explicitly, a realistic and anti-phenomenological stance. The issue at stake is, precisely, the question of “reality”. Many of these authors interpret the notion of intentionality, and therefore phenomenology, in an idealistic sense, in continuity with modern, and especially Kantian, philosophy. The heart of the matter lies in the topic of «constitution» and in the operative character of intentionality. Whether our object of inquiry (...)
  43. The Archeology of Modalization in Husserl: From Analogies to Passive Synthesis.Luigia Di Pinto - 1991 - Analecta Husserliana 34:179.
  44. Eidos and Facticity in Husserl's Phenomenology of Judgment.William Allen Dickens - 2000 - Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    This study, as its main focus, critically examines Husserl's phenomenology of judgment in terms of its constituting a transcendental explanation of the phenomenon. But it also examines Heidegger's fundamental ontological phenomenology to the extent that it, too, aims to reveal the basis of the general possibility of objective warrant in judgment. Ultimately, the study's prime concern is one for philosophical methodology. By considering two different phenomenological approaches, it seeks to determine phenomenology's general viability as an approach to accounting for judgment. (...)
  45. La passivité de la logique.James Dodd - 2009 - Methodos 9.
    Quel est le chemin qui, chez Husserl, nous mène de la logique formelle à celle transcendantale? S’agit-il de la voie kantienne qui va de la “logique générale” à celle “transcendantale” ou le caractère mathématique de la logique moderne interdit que celle-ci puisse jouer le rôle de “fil conducteur transcendantal”? Dans cet article, à la lumière de ce que l’on pourrait appeler la réciprocité entre passivité et logique, on avance la thèse selon laquelle c’est justement la logique mathématique qui pour Husserl (...)
  46. I. Yamaguchi, "Passive Synthesis Und Intersubjektivität Bei Edmund Husserl". [REVIEW]J. J. Drummond - 1984 - Husserl Studies 1 (2):218.
  47. La Terre: La théorie du géostatisme d'Edmund Husserl.Paul Ducros - 2007 - Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique 3 (5):1-88.
    Entre le 7 et le 9 Mai 1934 Husserl écrit un texte, publié posthumément, répertorié comme Manuscrit D 17 dans les Archives Husserl et désormais très célèbre: L’archè-originaire-Terre ne se meut pas. Lié au projet d’ensemble de la Krisis, il s’efforce — dans le cadre rigoureux de la phénoménologie en tant qu’idéalisme transcendantal — de reconduire l’astronomie à sa source originaire: le corps propre se mouvant sur le sol irréductiblement immobile de la Terre. L’auteur commente ce texte en le liant (...)
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