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Summary

The notions of noesis and noema need to be understood as part of Husserl’s account of constitution (See the summary for Husserl: Constitution.). The noetic resources function to constitute the noema—the account of constitution is two-sided. Husserl also uses the term “noesis” in a narrower sense, viz., for the interpreting part among the constitutive resources, as opposed to the part that undergoes interpretation. Thus, in Husserl’s account of the constitution of spatially extended objects, the kinesthetic sensations, in their “animating” functioning towards the visual sensations, can be regarded as the noesis. Disagreements over the nature of the perceptual noema have sparked a notable debate. According to the West Coast interpretation (Føllesdal, and Smith and McIntyre), the noema is an abstract object, akin to Fregean sense.  According to the East Coast interpretation (Sokolowski and Drummond), the noema is the object we perceive, as experienced by us.

Key works The West Coast interpretation of the noema was first proposed in Føllesdal 1969, and was also defended in Smith & McIntyre 1984. It has been criticized in Sokolowski 1984, Sokolowski 1992, and Drummond 1990, while defending the East Coast interpretation. Bernet 1989 distinguishes two strands in Husserl’s use of the notion of the noema, motivating the West and East Coast interpretations. Another, phenomenalist interpretation is developed in Gurwitsch 1964. Drummond & Embree 1992 is a collection of papers devoted to the topic of the noema. Two further monographs are Süssbauer 1995 and Vongehr 1995.
Introductions Woodruff Smith 2006, Ch. 6
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  1. added 2018-09-04
    Husserl's Notion of Intentionality.Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1994 - In John Macnamara & Gonzalo E. Reyes (eds.), The Logical Foundations of Cognition. Oxford University Press USA. pp. 296-308.
  2. added 2018-09-04
    The Noema in Husserl's Phenomenology.MaryJeanne Larrabee - 1986 - Husserl Studies 3 (3):209-230.
  3. added 2018-06-23
    “The Very Place of Apparition”: Derrida on Husserl’s Concept of Noema.Pietro Terzi - 2018 - Research in Phenomenology 48 (2):209-232.
    _ Source: _Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 209 - 232 In _Specters of Marx_, Derrida suggests that the most fundamental condition of phenomenality lies in the ambiguous status of the noema, defined as an intentional and non-real component of _Erlebnis_, neither “in” the world nor “in” consciousness. This “irreality” of the noematic correlate is conceived by Derrida as the origin of sense and experience. Already in his _Of Grammatology_, Derrida maintained that the difference between the appearing and the appearance, between (...)
  4. added 2018-02-17
    Being's Mindfulness: The Noema of Transcendental Idealism.James G. Hart - 1992 - In John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer. pp. 111-135.
  5. added 2018-02-04
    Dufrenne’s Conception of Aesthetic Object in Poetry.Fateme Benvidi - 2016 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 10 (18):1-20.
    Every culture has its own conception of poetry and approaches it differently. This paper draws on phenomenological approach, in specific that of Mikel Dufrenne, to compare it with Structuralism’s approach. Dufrenne makes use of two Husserlian concepts, noema and noesis, to show the difference between these two approaches to poetry. He contends that Structuralist commentaries does not provide much in terms of enjoying and understanding poetry because it says almost nothing to get us in close touch with the lived experience (...)
  6. added 2017-09-16
    Noemat jako sens. Problem przedmiotu świadomości w transcendentalnym idealizmie Husserla.Marek Rosiak - 2017 - Diametros 52:107-126.
    The paper develops the argument presented in my earlier article, Intentional Reference and Its Object in Husserl’s Transcendental Idealism. It contains further considerations on the proper understanding of Husserl’s notion of noema. My aim is not only to present an interpretation of Husserl’s text, but primarily to understand what constitutes an intentional reference of an act of consciousness. I agree with some of Husserl’s claims in Ideas, Book I, that noema, sense and intentional object are basically the same. This standpoint (...)
  7. added 2017-04-10
    Husserl’s Theory of Noematic Sense.Olga Nikolic - 2016 - Filozofija I Društvo 27 (4):845-868.
  8. added 2017-04-10
    The Noema, Husserlian and Beyond.Ethel M. Kersey - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:62-90.
    This bibliography cites and annotates 104 English language references on the Husserlian noema. Explication i s informative rather than critical with special emphasis being placed on the controversial concept/percept status of the noema. Scholars interested In this "Gurwitschlan-Follesdallan" debate may find their research facilitated by this bibliography.
  9. added 2017-03-06
    Husserlian Intentionality and Non-Foundational Realism: Noema and Object. [REVIEW]Richard Cobb-Stevens - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (4):850-852.
  10. added 2017-03-06
    Brentano and Husserl on Intentional Objects and Perception.Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1978 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:83-94.
    The article is a comparative critical discussion of the views of Brentano and Husserl on intentional objects and on perception. Brentano's views on intentional objects are first discussed, with special attention to the problems connected with the status of the intentional objects. It is then argued that Husserl overcomes these problems by help of his notion of noema. Similarly, in the case of perception, Brentano's notion of physical phenomena is argued to be less satisfactory than Husserl's notion of hyle, whose (...)
  11. added 2016-12-08
    Frege and Husserl on Sense.Donn Welton - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (10):535-536.
  12. added 2016-10-27
    On the Notion of Sense in Phenomenology: Noematic Sense and Ideal Meaning.Dominique Pradelle - 2016 - Research in Phenomenology 46 (2):184-204.
    _ Source: _Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 184 - 204 According to a very specific and widespread line of interpretation, the mode of working of intentionality could be understood by analogy with the linguistic paradigm set forth by Gottlob Frege in his famous essay “_Über Sinn und Bedeutung._” The goal of the present paper is to dismiss such an interpretation by also analyzing the manner in which Husserl relates, and thereby traces back, the constitution of the logical sphere to the (...)
  13. added 2016-08-24
    On the Object of Thought: Methodological and Phenomenological Reflections.Aron Gurwitsch - 2010 - In J. J. Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema (Contributions to Phenomenology). Springer. pp. 9-27.
    Entitled merely “On the Object of Thought,” Chapter 8 of Gurwitsch’s Studies in Phenomenology and Psychology (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1966) has the following note attached to its title: “Paper read at the meeting of the Phenomenological Society, April 27, 1946, at Hunter College, New York City. It was not possible to include here all the discussion. The original version was published in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research VII (1947).” What seems the integral script read at the International Phenomenological Society (...)
  14. added 2016-06-19
    Reason as Acquaintance with Background and the Performative Turn in Phenomenology.Tetsushi Hirano - 2016 - International Philosophical Quarterly 56 (3):337-357.
    Husserl’s notion of “sense” has often been interpreted through a Fregean lens. I will show that Husserl saw it as an acquaintance with the background or horizon of perceptual objects. He understands reason (Vernunft) as prescribing rules for performance with regard to perceptual objects. Thus Husserl’s view has a wider scope of experience than Kant’s sense of it as a pre-reflective acquaintance with one’s environment. After Ideas I Husserl develops these notions as part of his theory of the intersubjective world. (...)
  15. added 2015-12-19
    El sentido en Deleuze a partir de la fenomenología.Juan Ignacio Chávez - 2015 - Estudios de Filosofía: Revista del Seminaro de Filosofia del instituto Riva-Aguero 13:11-30.
    This paper intends to reflect on the genesis of the deleuzian notion of sense. I will start by demonstrating that Deleuze’s project, as well as Husserl’s, tries to revert Platonism by means of the concept of immanence. Secondly, I will criticise the concept of noema as exposed in Ideas I, in order to elucidate the features that Deleuze seeks to reformulate: good sense and common sense. Finally, based on the previous critique, I will carry out a description of sense as (...)
  16. added 2015-10-31
    Concepts Without Pedigree: The Noema and Neutrality Modification: Section III, Chapter 4, On the Problems of Noetic-Noematic Structures.Nicolas de Warren - 2015 - In Andrea Staiti (ed.), Commentary on Husserl's "Ideas I". De Gruyter. pp. 225-256.
  17. added 2015-10-31
    Noetic Moments, Noematic Correlates, and the Stratified Whole That is the Erlebnis: Section III, Chapter 3, Noesis and Noema.Dermot Moran - 2015 - In Andrea Staiti (ed.), Commentary on Husserl's "Ideas I". De Gruyter. pp. 195-224.
  18. added 2015-10-31
    The Doctrine of the Noema and the Theory of Reason.John J. Drummond - 2015 - In Andrea Staiti (ed.), Commentary on Husserl's Ideas II. De Gruyter. pp. 257-272.
  19. added 2015-10-31
    Appendix: A Map of the Noesis-Noema Correlation.Ben Martin - 2015 - In Andrea Staiti (ed.), Commentary on Husserl's "Ideas I". De Gruyter. pp. 327-336.
  20. added 2015-10-19
    Faith and Doubt.Jodie McNeilly - 2015 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 29 (3):346-355.
    Countless scholars have wrestled with the ambiguities and complexities in determining the role of the noema in Husserl’s theory of intentionality since his transcendental turn and have consequently converted what was intended to be a structural solution to a problem into a contested problem itself.1 These scholars have emphasized the “whatness,” or ontological concerns of the correlate noesis–noema, rather than the “howness,” or methodological force of phenomenology; it will be the purpose of this article to emphasize the latter. Doing so (...)
  21. added 2015-08-20
    Finding the Noema.Dallas Willard - 1992 - In John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer. pp. 29-47.
  22. added 2015-08-19
    La notion husserlienne de noème.Jean-Michel Roy & Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1995 - Les Etudes Philosophiques (1):5-12.
  23. added 2015-08-19
    Tiempo y nóema.Luis Román Rabanaque - 1990 - Revista Venezolana de Filosofía 26:67-96.
  24. added 2015-08-17
    Noema and Essence.J. N. Mohanty - 1992 - In John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer. pp. 49-55.
  25. added 2015-08-17
    Noetic Insight and Noematic Recalcitrance.Lenore Langsdorf - 1992 - In John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer. pp. 71--87.
  26. added 2015-08-17
    La función del noema en la constitución intencional del objetivo.María del Carmen Paredes Martín - 1992 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 1:339-358.
  27. added 2015-08-17
    Intentionality and Noema.J. N. Mohanty - 1981 - Journal of Philosophy 78 (11):706-717.
  28. added 2015-08-17
    A Note on the Doctrine of Noetic-Noematic Correlation.J. N. Mohanty - 1972 - Analecta Husserliana 2:317.
  29. added 2015-08-16
    Between Noema and Fulfillment.Paul Gyllenhammer - 2001 - International Studies in Philosophy 33 (4):45-61.
  30. added 2015-08-16
    The Noema Revisited: Hard Cases.Richard Holmes - 1992 - In John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer. pp. 211-226.
  31. added 2015-05-11
    Intentionality Without Representationalism.John J. Drummond - 2012 - In Dan Zahavi (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Phenomenology. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter addresses the issues that motivate representationalist accounts, and it describes the different versions of representationalism as responses to these issues. It argues that the representationalist views do not adequately respond to the epistemological problems that motivate them and that they engender some ontological problems. The chapter presents an alternative ‘presentationalist’ account that preserves the straightforward sense of the mind's openness to the world. While representationalism and presentationalism agree that the relation between mental events or states is direct but (...)
  32. added 2015-05-11
    Meaning and Noema.J. Claude Evans - 1992 - In John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer. pp. 57-69.
  33. added 2015-05-11
    A Bibliography of the Noema.Mano Daniel - 1992 - In John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer. pp. 227-248.
  34. added 2015-05-11
    An Abstract Consideration: De-Ontologizing the Noema.John J. Drummond - 1992 - In John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer. pp. 89-109.
  35. added 2015-05-11
    The Perceptual Noema: Gurwitsch's Crucial Contribution.Hubert Dreyfus - 1972 - In Aron Gurwitsch & Lester E. Embree (eds.), Life-World and Consciousness. Evanston: Ill., Northwestern University Press. pp. 135--139.
  36. added 2015-04-21
    Husserl: significação e fenômeno.Carlos Ribeiro de Moura - 2006 - Dois Pontos 3 (1).
    resumo O objetivo deste artigo é discutir o modo como Husserl desenha a originalidade da subjetividade transcendental, frente à sua homônima psicológica. Se é certo que a noção de “imanência autêntica” pode apontar para as diferentes fronteiras entre o transcendental e o psicológico, resta que por si só ela não permite decidir nada quanto ao “modo de ser” transcendental, em sua diferença face ao “mundano”. Sendo assim, procura-se reconstituir alguns dos momentos centrais do esforço husserliano para construir um conceito de (...)
  37. added 2015-04-21
    Logician in the Picture Gallery. Phenomenological Analysis of the Complex Image.Ion Copoeru - 2001 - Phainomena 10 (37-38).
    This paper aims to analyse an »original phenomenological scene«, which we are designating by the expression »the gallery of Dresden«, and which refers to the inclusion of an image in an other image, ad infinitum. The paper argues that the complex images are a pattern of the complexity of the noematic strata in the Husserlian phenomenology and that they are of a great importance for the phenomenological elucidation of objectuality and for the description of the structures of the »noematic sphere’ (...)
  38. added 2015-04-19
    Alfons Süssbauer: Intentionalität, Sachverhalt, Noema. Eine Studie zu Edmund Husserl. [REVIEW]Jocelyn Benoist - 1996 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 58 (4):769-770.
  39. added 2015-02-20
    A. Peruzzi, "Noema: Mente E Logica Attraverso Husserl". [REVIEW]Enrico Moriconi - 1991 - Husserl Studies 8 (2):151-153.
  40. added 2015-02-20
    Noema, mente e logica attraverso Husserl.Alberto Peruzzi - 1988 - Franco Angeli.
  41. added 2015-02-20
    Husserl and Referentiality: The Role of the Noema as an Intensional Entity.Ronald Treadwell Mcintyre - 1970 - Dissertation, Stanford University
  42. added 2015-02-19
    Aron Gurwitsch and the Interpretation of Husserl.Stephen Phillip Steinberg - 1989 - Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania
    The first systematic evaluation and comparison is undertaken of Aron Gurwitsch's and Dagfinn Follesdal's competing--and mutually incompatible--interpretations of Edmund Husserl's theory of intentionality. While agreeing with Husserl that mental acts are directed towards their objects in virtue of their associated noemata, or meanings, the two views present radically different accounts of how that directedness is realized. It is argued that Gurwitsch took intentionality to be a species of relation between a mental act and its object. On Gurwitsch's view, the noema (...)
  43. added 2015-02-15
    Noema, Sense, and Object in Husserl's Phenomenology.Gordon Patrick Branch Knight - 1993 - Dissertation, The University of Iowa
    The primary aim of my dissertation is to provide a phenomenologically sound interpretation of Husserl's view concerning the intentionality of perceptual consciousness by means of examining his crucial concept of noema. I argue that recent commentators such as Dagfinn Follesdal and his followers have gone astray in their interpretations of the noema through a failure to adequately appreciate Husserl's phenomenological method. According to the Follesdal interpretation, the perceptual noema is not, with regard to ordinary cases of perception, in any sense (...)
  44. added 2014-06-21
    The Phenomenological Notion of Sense as Acquaintance with Background.Tetsushi Hirano - manuscript
    In this paper, I will focus on the phenomenological notion of sense which Husserl calls in Ideen I noematic sense. My reading of Ideen I is based on the interpretation of noema as “object as it is intended”. This notion is developed from “filling sense” in LU. Similar to the Russellian “knowledge by acquaintance”, Husserl means by this notion the direct intuitive acquaintance with an intentional object. However, unlike Russell, Husserl doesn’t restrict this notion to sense data, but extend it (...)
  45. added 2014-04-02
    The Consistency of Husserl's Theory of Meaning.Matt Taylor - 2000 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 60 (1):171-195.
    My aim in this paper is to examine two related issues in the debate surrounding the work of Edmund Husserl. I wish to clarify his theories of meaning and noema, and also to challenge the assumption that Husserl's Logical Investigations is inconsistent with the first book of his Ideas with respect to meaning. I also suggest that misunderstandings in these areas are in part responsible for a misunderstanding of the relationship between Husserl and Frege. Commentators have noted Husserl's claim that (...)
  46. added 2014-04-02
    Brentano and Husserl on Intentional Objects and Perception.Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1978 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:83-94.
    The article is a comparative critical discussion of the views of Brentano and Husserl on intentional objects and on perception. Brentano's views on intentional objects are first discussed, with special attention to the problems connected with the status of the intentional objects. It is then argued that Husserl overcomes these problems by help of his notion of noema. Similarly, in the case of perception, Brentano's notion of physical phenomena is argued to be less satisfactory than Husserl's notion of hyle, whose (...)
  47. added 2014-03-31
    Husserl, Wittgenstein and the Snark: Intentionality and Social Naturalism.Grant Gillett - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):331-349.
    The Snark is an intentional object. I examine the general philosophical characteristics of thoughts of objects from the perspective of Husserl's, hyle, noesis, and noema and show how this meets constraints of opacity, normativity, and possible existence as generated by a sensitive theory of intentionality. Husserl introduces terms which indicate the normative features of intentional content and attempts to forge a direct relationship between the norms he generates and the actual world object which a thought intends. I then attempt to (...)
  48. added 2014-03-30
    Noemata and Their Formalization.Wojciech Krysztofiak - 1995 - Synthese 105 (1):53 - 86.
    The presentation of the formal conception of noemata is the main aim of the article. In the first section, three informal approaches to noemata are discussed. The goal of this chapter is specifying main controversies and their sources concerned with different ways of the understanding of noemata. In the second section, basic assumptions determining the proposed way of understanding noemata are presented. The third section is devoted to the formal set-theoretic construction needed for the formal comprehension of noemata. In the (...)
  49. added 2014-03-28
    How Phenomenological Content Determines the Intentional Object.George H. Miller - 1999 - Husserl Studies 16 (1):1-24.
    This essay argues for internalism in maintaining that there is a sense of “determination” – namely “a selection of one” – according to which phenomenological content determines the object of an experience. The subject may not be able to describe the object in a way which distinguishes it from all other objects, but the object is nevertheless determined by the unity of sense, or noema, which presents it.
  50. added 2014-03-23
    Hyle, Genesis and Noema.Luis Román Rabanaque - 2003 - Husserl Studies 19 (3):205-215.
    [...] This paper aims, first of all, to recall the main features of hyle in Ideas I, both in its relation to the noema and as critical correction of the concept of sensation. It deals, secondly, with some conflicts arising from Husserl’s parallel characterizations of temporal datum, sensation fields, and hyletic background. In third place, it outlines two central directions in genetic analysis, which allow the hyle to expand to a more complex notion involving temporal- material syntheses whose flow is (...)
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