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Summary

The notions of noesis and noema need to be understood as part of Husserl’s account of constitution (See the summary for Husserl: Constitution.). The noetic resources function to constitute the noema—the account of constitution is two-sided. Husserl also uses the term “noesis” in a narrower sense, viz., for the interpreting part among the constitutive resources, as opposed to the part that undergoes interpretation. Thus, in Husserl’s account of the constitution of spatially extended objects, the kinesthetic sensations, in their “animating” functioning towards the visual sensations, can be regarded as the noesis. Disagreements over the nature of the perceptual noema have sparked a notable debate. According to the West Coast interpretation (Føllesdal, and Smith and McIntyre), the noema is an abstract object, akin to Fregean sense.  According to the East Coast interpretation (Sokolowski and Drummond), the noema is the object we perceive, as experienced by us.

Key works The West Coast interpretation of the noema was first proposed in Føllesdal 1969, and was also defended in Smith & McIntyre 1984. It has been criticized in Sokolowski 1984, Sokolowski 1992, and Drummond 1990, while defending the East Coast interpretation. Bernet 1989 distinguishes two strands in Husserl’s use of the notion of the noema, motivating the West and East Coast interpretations. Another, phenomenalist interpretation is developed in Gurwitsch 1964. Drummond & Embree 1992 is a collection of papers devoted to the topic of the noema. Two further monographs are Süssbauer 1995 and Vongehr 1995.
Introductions David 2006, Ch. 6
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  1. Husserl and Frege on Meaning.Richard E. Aquila - 1974 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 12 (3):377-383.
    Husserl's theory of meaning is often regarded as a somewhat obscure attempt at a view which frege stated more clearly. I argue that while this may be true with respect to the "ideas," it is false with respect to the "logical investigations." the theory presented in the latter work is superior to frege's theory. It provides an objective foundation for the semantical distinctions which concerned frege while remaining within the confines of an ontology that is more economical than frege's.
  2. Føllesdal on the Notion of the Noema: A Critique.Marina Paola Banchetti - 1993 - Husserl Studies 10 (2):81-95.
    This paper critiques Dagfinn Follesdal's influential interpretation of the Husserlian noema as a Fregean sense. Though other philosophers have argued that Follesdal's interpretation is mistaken, this paper demonstrates that the origin of the error is a fundamental misunderstanding, on Follesdal's part, of Husserlian terminology. The paper also examines the views of David Woodruff Smith and Ronald McIntyre who, influenced by Follesdal, mistakenly read the Husserl of the "Ideas" as a linguistically motivated philosopher. The paper concludes that, if Follesdal and his (...)
  3. Categorical Modelling of Husserl's Intentionality.Imants Barušs - 1989 - Husserl Studies 6 (1):25-41.
    This paper is concerned with the application of constructions from category theory to Smith and McIntyre's interpretation of Husserl's intentionality. 1 Not only did Hussefl's own ideas change in the course of his lifetime 2 but there are a number of interpretations of Husserl's work 3 so that the line of philosophical investigation that Husserl strongly influenced is still in the process of development. In this vein, Smith and McIntyre have recognized the potential for a possible worlds interpretation of intentionality (...)
  4. Alfons Süssbauer: Intentionalität, Sachverhalt, Noema. Eine Studie zu Edmund Husserl. [REVIEW]Jocelyn Benoist - 1996 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 58 (4):769-770.
  5. David Woodruff Smith and Ronald McIntyre, Husserl and Intentionality: A Study of Mind, Meaning, and Language. [REVIEW]George Berger - 1983 - Theoria 49 (3):184-188.
  6. Husserls Begriff des Noema.Rudolf Bernet - 1989 - In Samuel IJsseling (ed.), Husserl-Ausgabe und Husserl-Forschung. pp. 61-80.
  7. Husserl et l'affaire des démonstratifs.: À propos de la référence en régime noématique.Robert Brisart - 2011 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 109 (2):245-269.
  8. Husserl, Intentionality, and Cognitive Architecture.Charles S. Brown - 1990 - Southwest Philosophy Review 6 (1):65-72.
  9. David Woodruff Smith and Ronald McIntyre, Husserl and Intentionality: A Study of Mind, Meaning, and Language. [REVIEW]Clotilde Calabi - 1987 - Topoi 6 (2):139-142.
    In the last twenty years, beginning with a seminal paper by Dagfinn Follesdal published in 1969,1 analytic philosophy has shown a renewed and increasing interest in Husserl's phenomenology. 2 In Husserl and Inten- tionality, David Woodruff Smith and Ronald Mclntyre give an important contribution to this line of research. The book is written in the analytic tradition, and represents in part an attempt at making phenomenology palatable to those who look suspiciously at 'continental philosophy'. Thus it provides a double service: (...)
  10. El sentido en Deleuze a partir de la fenomenología.Juan Ignacio Chávez - 2015 - Estudios de Filosofía 13:11-30.
    This paper intends to reflect on the genesis of the deleuzian notion of sense. I will start by demonstrating that Deleuze’s project, as well as Husserl’s, tries to revert Platonism by means of the concept of immanence. Secondly, I will criticise the concept of noema as exposed in Ideas I, in order to elucidate the features that Deleuze seeks to reformulate: good sense and common sense. Finally, based on the previous critique, I will carry out a description of sense as (...)
  11. The Other Husserl and the Standard Interpretation. Review of the Other Husserl: Horizons of Transcendental Phenomenology by Donn Welton. [REVIEW]R. Cobb-Stevens - 2003 - Research in Phenomenology 33 (1):315-328.
  12. Drummond, John J. Husserlian Intentionality and Non-Foundational Realism: Noema and Object. [REVIEW]Richard Cobb-Stevens - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (4):850-852.
  13. Husserlian Intentionality and Non-Foundational Realism: Noema and Object. [REVIEW]Richard Cobb-Stevens - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (4):850-852.
  14. Logician in the Picture Gallery. Phenomenological Analysis of the Complex Image.Ion Copoeru - 2001 - Phainomena 10 (37-38).
    This paper aims to analyse an »original phenomenological scene«, which we are designating by the expression »the gallery of Dresden«, and which refers to the inclusion of an image in an other image, ad infinitum. The paper argues that the complex images are a pattern of the complexity of the noematic strata in the Husserlian phenomenology and that they are of a great importance for the phenomenological elucidation of objectuality and for the description of the structures of the »noematic sphere’ (...)
  15. Perceptual Meaning and Husserl.Suzanne Cunningham - 1985 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (4):553-566.
  16. A Bibliography of the Noema.Mano Daniel - 2010 - In J. J. Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema (Contributions to Phenomenology). Springer.
  17. A Bibliography of the Noema.Mano Daniel - 1992 - In John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer. pp. 227-248.
  18. Husserl: significação e fenômeno.Carlos Ribeiro de Moura - 2006 - Dois Pontos 3 (1).
    resumo O objetivo deste artigo é discutir o modo como Husserl desenha a originalidade da subjetividade transcendental, frente à sua homônima psicológica. Se é certo que a noção de “imanência autêntica” pode apontar para as diferentes fronteiras entre o transcendental e o psicológico, resta que por si só ela não permite decidir nada quanto ao “modo de ser” transcendental, em sua diferença face ao “mundano”. Sendo assim, procura-se reconstituir alguns dos momentos centrais do esforço husserliano para construir um conceito de (...)
  19. The Idea of Phenomenology: Husserlian Exemplarism.André de Muralt - 1974 - Northwestern University Press.
  20. The Perceptual Noema: Gurwitsch's Crucial Contribution.Hubert Dreyfus - 1972 - In Aron Gurwitsch & Lester E. Embree (eds.), Life-World and Consciousness. Evanston: Ill., Northwestern University Press. pp. 135--139.
  21. Husserlian Intentionality and Non-Foundational Realism: Noema and Object.John Drummond - 1990 - Springer.
    The rift which has long divided the philosophical world into opposed schools-the "Continental" school owing its origins to the phenomenology of Husserl and the "analytic" school derived from Frege-is finally closing.
  22. The Doctrine of the Noema and the Theory of Reason.John J. Drummond - 2015 - In Andrea Staiti (ed.), Commentary on Husserl's Ideas II. De Gruyter. pp. 257-272.
  23. Intentionality Without Representationalism.John J. Drummond - 2012 - In Dan Zahavi (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Phenomenology. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter addresses the issues that motivate representationalist accounts, and it describes the different versions of representationalism as responses to these issues. It argues that the representationalist views do not adequately respond to the epistemological problems that motivate them and that they engender some ontological problems. The chapter presents an alternative ‘presentationalist’ account that preserves the straightforward sense of the mind's openness to the world. While representationalism and presentationalism agree that the relation between mental events or states is direct but (...)
  24. An Abstract Consideration: De-Ontologizing the Noema.John J. Drummond - 2010 - In J. J. Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema (Contributions to Phenomenology). Springer.
  25. Pure Logical Grammar: Anticipatory Categoriality and Articulated Categoriality.John J. Drummond - 2003 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 11 (2):125 – 139.
    In reworking his Logical Investigations Husserl adopts two positions that were not actually incorporated into later editions of the Investigations but do appear in other writings: a new distinction between signitive and significative intentions, and the claim that even naming and perceiving acts are categorially formed. This paper investigates Husserl's notion of noematic sense and the pure grammatical ' categories ' intimated therein in order to shed light on these new positions. The paper argues that the development of the theories (...)
  26. An Abstract Consideration: De-Ontologizing the Noema.John J. Drummond - 1992 - In John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer. pp. 89-109.
  27. Frege and Husserl: Another Look at the Issue of Influence.John J. Drummond - 1985 - Husserl Studies 2 (3):245-265.
    This paper argues that frege did not significantly influence husserl's departure from psychologism by (1) examining husserl's early logical reflections, Especially those concerning the meaning of the term ""vorstellung"," and (2) determining which parts of husserl's "philosophy of arithmetic", Criticized for its psychologism by frege, Were psychologistic and when husserl rejected them. It concludes that the logical writings show an independent movement toward a non-Psychologistic position and that the psychologism of "philosophy of arithmetic" was abandoned by 1891 apart from any (...)
  28. D.W. Smith and R. Mclntyre: 'Husserl and Intentionality: A Study of Mind, Meaning, and Language'. [REVIEW]John J. Drummond - 1984 - Husserl Studies 1 (1):201-225.
    This book seems to us potentially as important as any work that has appeared in the last few decades for the purpose of understanding Hussefl's thought in its relation to other recent philosophical traditions, especially certain aspects of the analytical tradition. Yet there is a distinct danger that it will not receive the attention it amply merits. One reason for this danger is the unfortunate tendency we all have of dismissing ideas by pidgeonholing them.
  29. The Phenomenology of the Noema.John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.) - 2010 - Springer.
  30. The Phenomenology of the Noema.John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.) - 1992 - Springer.
  31. Some Noetico-Noematic Analyses of Action and Practical Life.Lester Embree - 2010 - In J. J. Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema (Contributions to Phenomenology). Springer.
  32. Meaning and Noema.J. Claude Evans - 2010 - In J. J. Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer.
  33. Meaning and Noema.J. Claude Evans - 1992 - In John Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema. Springer. pp. 57-69.
  34. Intentionalität und ihr Gegenstand.Dagfinn Follesdal - 2010 - In Manfred Frank & Niels Weidtmann (eds.), Husserl und die Philosophie des Geistes. Suhrkamp.
  35. Bolzano, Frege and Husserl on Reference and Object.Dagfinn Føllesdal - 2001 - In Juliet Floyd & Sanford Shieh (eds.), Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 67-80.
  36. La notion d'intentionalité chez Husserl.Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1993 - Dialectica 47 (2‐3):173-187.
    SummaryIntentionality, the central theme of Husserl's phenomenology, is the characteristic feature of consciousness that it always seems to be directed towards an object. There need not always be such an object, but consciousness is always as if of an object. Consciousness structures our surroundings, within the limits imposed upon us by sensory experience. The structuring involves the past and the future as well as the present. It also involves values and practical functions, and our body and bodily skills play an (...)
  37. Noema and Meaning in Husserl.Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50:263-271.
  38. Brentano and Husserl on Intentional Objects and Perception.Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1978 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:83-94.
    The article is a comparative critical discussion of the views of Brentano and Husserl on intentional objects and on perception. Brentano's views on intentional objects are first discussed, with special attention to the problems connected with the status of the intentional objects. It is then argued that Husserl overcomes these problems by help of his notion of noema. Similarly, in the case of perception, Brentano's notion of physical phenomena is argued to be less satisfactory than Husserl's notion of hyle, whose (...)
  39. Brentano and Husserl on Intentional Objects and Perception.Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1978 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:83-94.
    The article is a comparative critical discussion of the views of Brentano and Husserl on intentional objects and on perception. Brentano's views on intentional objects are first discussed, with special attention to the problems connected with the status of the intentional objects. It is then argued that Husserl overcomes these problems by help of his notion of noema. Similarly, in the case of perception, Brentano's notion of physical phenomena is argued to be less satisfactory than Husserl's notion of hyle, whose (...)
  40. Husserl's Notion of Noema.Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1969 - Journal of Philosophy 66 (20):680-687.
    Darstellung des Noema in 12 Thesen.\nverwendete Textstellen: Ideen 1: S. 203, 22-23; S. 204, 20-21; S. 357, 19-20: Handlungen sind zielgerichtet. Dabei bedarf eines keines physischen Objekts. Husserl setzt and diese Stelle das Noema. Somit wird auch zielgerichtetes Handeln aufgrund einer Halluzination m{ö}glich, Zielgerichtet zu sein bedeutet ein Noema zu haben.\n1. Follesdal´sche These: Noema ist eine intensionale Entit{ä}t, eine Generalisierung des Begriffs Sinn/Bedeutung.\n2. These: Das Noema hat zwei Bestandteile, a) der noematische Sinn, der allen thetischen Handlungen (erinnern, sich vorstellen usw.) (...)
  41. Husserl, Wittgenstein and the Snark: Intentionality and Social Naturalism.Grant Gillett - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):331-349.
    The Snark is an intentional object. I examine the general philosophical characteristics of thoughts of objects from the perspective of Husserl's, hyle, noesis, and noema and show how this meets constraints of opacity, normativity, and possible existence as generated by a sensitive theory of intentionality. Husserl introduces terms which indicate the normative features of intentional content and attempts to forge a direct relationship between the norms he generates and the actual world object which a thought intends. I then attempt to (...)
  42. On the Object of Thought: Methodological and Phenomenological Reflections.Aron Gurwitsch - 2010 - In J. J. Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema (Contributions to Phenomenology). Springer. pp. 9-27.
    Entitled merely “On the Object of Thought,” Chapter 8 of Gurwitsch’s Studies in Phenomenology and Psychology (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1966) has the following note attached to its title: “Paper read at the meeting of the Phenomenological Society, April 27, 1946, at Hunter College, New York City. It was not possible to include here all the discussion. The original version was published in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research VII (1947).” What seems the integral script read at the International Phenomenological Society (...)
  43. Towards a Theory of Intentionality.Aron Gurwitsch - 1970 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (3):354-367.
  44. The Field of Consciousness.Aron Gurwitsch - 1964 - Duquesne University Press.
  45. On the Object of Thought.Aron Gurwitsch - 1946 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 7 (3):347-353.
  46. Between Noema and Fulfillment.Paul Gyllenhammer - 2001 - International Studies in Philosophy 33 (4):45-61.
  47. Being's Mindfulness: The Noema of Transcendental Idealism.James G. Hart - 2010 - In J. J. Drummond & Lester Embree (eds.), The Phenomenology of the Noema (Contributions to Phenomenology). Springer.
  48. The Question of Being in Husserl's Logical Investigations. By James R. Mensch. [REVIEW]S. Stephen Hilmy - 1983 - Modern Schoolman 60 (3):212-213.
  49. The Phenomenological Notion of Sense as Acquaintance with Background.Tetsushi Hirano - manuscript
    In this paper, I will focus on the phenomenological notion of sense which Husserl calls in Ideen I noematic sense. My reading of Ideen I is based on the interpretation of noema as “object as it is intended”. This notion is developed from “filling sense” in LU. Similar to the Russellian “knowledge by acquaintance”, Husserl means by this notion the direct intuitive acquaintance with an intentional object. However, unlike Russell, Husserl doesn’t restrict this notion to sense data, but extend it (...)
  50. Reason as Acquaintance with Background and the Performative Turn in Phenomenology.Tetsushi Hirano - 2016 - International Philosophical Quarterly 56 (3):337-357.
    Husserl’s notion of “sense” has often been interpreted through a Fregean lens. I will show that Husserl saw it as an acquaintance with the background or horizon of perceptual objects. He understands reason (Vernunft) as prescribing rules for performance with regard to perceptual objects. Thus Husserl’s view has a wider scope of experience than Kant’s sense of it as a pre-reflective acquaintance with one’s environment. After Ideas I Husserl develops these notions as part of his theory of the intersubjective world. (...)
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