||This category contains classics and state-of-the-art texts about Iberian philosophy: Portuguese and Spanish Philosophy, up to the 21st century. Iberian philosophy has developed its own methodology and history since Séneca, Alfonso X, and Francisco Sánchez. Furthermore, philosophy in the Iberian Peninsula has not depended it on its political borders. Normally, there has been a good and relentless relationship between the different languages and cultures that set it up --a relationship that later had a pervasive spreads to South America. The best and the brighter authors (Ortega, Xirau, Zambrano, Gaos, D'Ors, etc), the cream of the crop of the so-called School of Madrid and Barcelona, assured that were a strong relationship among religion, philosophy, politics, pedagogy and literature in our peninsular thinking. In fact, it is true that since Alfonso X the Wise, the Castilian language became a vehicular language, and this consolidated the cultures of the Iberian Peninsula, in some way; however, now we know clearly that Galician, Portuguese, or Catalan were languages as (or more) important than Castilian in our cultural transmission including the greatest authors and philosophers of our Peninsula (such as a galaic-portuguese philosopher, Sanchez "the skeptic", who could be a precusor of Descartes, and not to mention in Catalunya the early approaches to Logic of Llull several centuries before the School of Port Royal). In addition, it is important to note that the Galician language was conformed before the Castilian language. Be that as it may, philosophical´s thought in the Iberian peninsula is so rich in ideas (religious, aesthetics, etc.), approaches, authors, women philosophers and men philosophers, as well a large tradition of medical philosophers, too. Actually, the iberian philosophy is a finely honed thought mull over during centuries and built since the philosophy of Seneca until today. In addition, iberian philosophy maintains and preserves ancient knowledge -as, for example, it can be observed when we trace the heritage of Greek thought in many Spanish popular sayings. Aristotle, without going any further, is an author who without knowing his thought among us (it was historically transmitted by our grandparents in their popular wisdom, inherited after hundreds of years, such as when they told us: "in virtue there is the middle term"), and also we have Latin thought in our popular tradition ("be wise, do not talk much", etc.) focus on "prudentia" and estoicism. José Luis Abellán has written an encyclopedy, called "Historia crítica del pensamiento español" (9 volumes), and also philosophers like Ciriaco Morón, Gerardo Bolado or Antonio Heredia, and others, have interpreted in a competency way our cultural tradition and its value.