Ignorance

Edited by Christopher Michael Cloos (University of California at Santa Barbara)
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  1. Arguing From Ignorance.Jonathan Adler - unknown
    Arguments from ignorance should be schematized: It has not been proven false that p. So it is possible that p. So, it is reasonable to believe p. Also, in opposition to standard views they should be distinguished from burden of proof and absence of evidence arguments. Much of the persuasiveness of such arguments can be located in the slippery uses of "possible." Besides equivocations on "possible" the argument is a fallacy for two reasons. First, the possibility implied by the first (...)
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  2. The Ignorance of Antilochus.L. H. Allen - 1920 - The Classical Review 34 (1-2):6-10.
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  3. Knowledge, Learning and Ignorance.P. M. Allen - 2001 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 4 (2):149-80.
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  4. Knowledge, Ignorance, and Learning.Peter M. Allen - 2000 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 2 (4):78-103.
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  5. Roundtable 2: Ignorance and Error.Scott Althaus, John Bullock, Jeffrey Friedman, Arthur Lupia & Paul Quirk - 2008 - Critical Review 20 (4):445-461.
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  6. Comparative Ignorance and the Ellsberg Phenomenon.Horacio Arlo-Costa & Jeffrey Helzner - unknown
    The "Ellsberg phenomenon" has played a significant role in research on imprecise probabilities. Fox and Tversky [5] have attempted to explain this phenomenon in terms of their "comparative ignorance" hypothesis. We challenge that explanation and present empirical work suggesting an explanation that is much closer to Ellsberg's own diagnosis.
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  7. Review of Robert Fiengo, Asking Questions: Using Meaningful Structures to Imply Ignorance[REVIEW]Kent Bach - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (11).
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  8. Where Ignorance is Bliss.Albert G. A. Balz - 1930 - The Monist 40 (1):146-155.
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  9. Knowledge, Ignorance and Presupposition.John A. Barker - 1974 - Analysis 35 (2):33 - 45.
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  10. Socio-Demographic Correlates of DK-Responses in Knowledge Surveys: Self-Attributed Ignorance of Science.M. Bauer - 1996 - Social Science Information 35 (1):39-68.
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  11. Clio, Ignorance, and the 20th-Century+ the Limits of Historical Knowledge.Y. Beauvois & C. Blondellucas - 1995 - Diogenes 169:153-165.
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  12. Ignorance.R. Bishop & J. Phillips - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):180-182.
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  13. On the Rationality of Pluralistic Ignorance.Jens Christian Bjerring, Jens Ulrik Hansen & Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen - 2014 - Synthese 191 (11):2445-2470.
    Pluralistic ignorance is a socio-psychological phenomenon that involves a systematic discrepancy between people’s private beliefs and public behavior in certain social contexts. Recently, pluralistic ignorance has gained increased attention in formal and social epistemology. But to get clear on what precisely a formal and social epistemological account of pluralistic ignorance should look like, we need answers to at least the following two questions: What exactly is the phenomenon of pluralistic ignorance? And can the phenomenon arise among perfectly rational agents? In (...)
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  14. Ignorance and Incompetence.Berit Brogaard - forthcoming - In Rik Peels and Martijn Blaauw (ed.), Igorance. Cambridge University Press.
    On an initially plausible view of ignorance, ignorance is equivalent to the lack or absence of knowledge-that. I argue that this view is incorrect, as lack of sufficient justification for one's true belief or lack of belief doesn't necessarily amount to ignorance. My argument rests on linguistic considerations of common uses of 'ignorant' and its cognates. The phrase 'is ignorant of', I argue, functions differently grammatically and semantically from the phrase 'does not know', when the latter is used propositionally. 'Is (...)
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  15. Rational Ignorance.Sylvain Bromberger - 1988 - Synthese 74 (1):47 - 64.
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  16. Evil, Ignorance, and the 9/11 Terrorists.Todd Calder - 2004 - Social Philosophy Today 20:53-66.
    In this paper I consider the excuse of ignorance as a justification for acting in a way that would otherwise be evil. My aim is to determine when ignorance precludes us from evildoing and when it does not. I use the 9/11 terrorist attack on America as a case study. In particular, I consider whether the 9/11 terrorists were precluded from evildoing because they thought they were doing right and thus were ignorant about the true nature of their actions. The (...)
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  17. The Leaning Tower of PISA: Fundamental Problems in Ignorance-Based Theories of State Autonomy.Daniel Carpenter - forthcoming - Critical Review.
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  18. Brief Notices-Cusanus: The Legacy of Learned Ignorance.Peter J. Casarella - 2007 - Speculum 82 (1):252.
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  19. Ignorance in Daily Life-the Desire Not to Know.Y. Chalas - 1990 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 89:313-338.
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  20. Aristotle's Weak Akrates: What Does Her Ignorance Consist In.David Charles - 2007 - In Christopher Bobonich & Pierre Destrée (eds.), Akrasia in Greek Philosophy: From Socrates to Plotinus. Brill. pp. 193--214.
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  21. L'opinion Publique Et La Science: À Chacun Son Ignorance. [REVIEW]Cristina Chimisso - 2001 - British Journal for the History of Science 34 (1):97-124.
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  22. Ignorance and Knowledge Regarding Humans’ Purposeful Interventions in Environments.Susan Coldicutt - 1992 - Knowledge and Policy 5 (2):3-28.
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  23. The Principle of Implicit Ignorance.Phillip Curtsmith - 2012 - Stance 5:63-73.
    The following is a foundationalist exercise based upon a single observation or postulate distinguishing one’s knowledge of information versus one’s knowledge of one’s former unknowing of that information. This postulate is titled the “principle of implicit ignorance.” Utilizing this postulate, several theorems are constructed including the equivalence to Hume’s thesis regarding the absence of knowledge of a necessary connection. The postulate is then negated, demonstrating equivalence to Kant’s thesis regarding the presence of synthetic a priori statements. The final result is (...)
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  24. Nicolas of Cusa : On Belief, Knowledge, and Wise Ignorance.Fred Dallmayr - 2009 - In M. T. Stepani͡ant͡s (ed.), Knowledge and Belief in the Dialogue of Cultures. Council for Research in Values and Philosophy.
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  25. Ignorance Production and Corporate Science.Marilena Danelon - unknown
    This thesis is a philosophical exploration of “agnotology”, the study of ignorance or non-knowledge, and focuses on the production of ignorance for private interests. In particular, I argue that corporate science often deliberately produces ignorance in an effort to promote corporate interests. My thesis is structured into five chapters. In Chapter 1, I introduce agnotology and outline Robert N. Proctor’s three categories thereof: ignorance as native state, ignorance as selective choice, and ignorance as active construct. In Chapter 2, I present (...)
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  26. Inexpressible Ignorance.Shamik Dasgupta - 2015 - Philosophical Review 124 (4):441-480.
    Sometimes, ignorance is inexpressible. Lewis recognized this when he argued, in “Ramseyan Humility,” that we cannot know which property occupies which causal role. This peculiar state of ignorance arises in a number of other domains too, including ignorance about our position in space and the identities of individuals. In these cases, one does not know something, and yet one cannot give voice to one's ignorance in a certain way. But what does the ignorance in these cases consist in? This essay (...)
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  27. Ignorance Is No Crime.Richard Dawkins - 2001 - Free Inquiry 21.
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  28. To Specialize or to Innovate? An Internalist Account of Pluralistic Ignorance in Economics.Rogier De Langhe - 2014 - Synthese 191 (11).
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  29. Roundtable 3: Political Ignorance, Empirical Realities.Samuel DeCanio, Jeffrey Friedman, David R. Mayhew, Michael H. Murakami & Nick Weller - 2008 - Critical Review 20 (4):463-480.
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  30. Inan on Objectual and Propositional Ignorance.Erhan Demircioglu - 2016 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):305-311.
    In this note, I would like to focus on the two central distinctions Inan draws between varieties of ignorance. One is the distinction between “objectual” and “propositional” ignorance, and the other is the distinction between “truth-ignorance” and “fact-ignorance,” which is a distinction between two types of propositional ignorance. According to Inan, appreciating these distinctions allow us to see what is wrong with the “received view,” according to which ignorance (or awareness of it) is “always about truth,” and enables us to (...)
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  31. Forget and Forgive: A Practical Approach to Forgotten Evidence.Sinan Dogramaci - 2015 - Ergo, an Open Access Journal of Philosophy 2.
    We can make new progress on stalled debates in epistemology if we adopt a new practical approach, an approach concerned with the function served by epistemic evaluations. This paper illustrates how. I apply the practical approach to an important, unsolved problem: the problem of forgotten evidence. Section 1 describes the problem and why it is so challenging. Section 2 outlines and defends a general view about the function of epistemic evaluations. Section 3 then applies that view to solve the problem (...)
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  32. Knowledge and Ignorance: Essays on Lights and Shadows.Folke Dovring - 1998 - Praeger.
    Dovring explores some of the limits of science, the scientific method, and our approaches to conceptualizing problems.
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  33. The Virtues of Ignorance.Julia Driver - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):373.
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  34. De Koninck. Thomas. La Nouvelle Ignorance Et le Probleme de la Culture.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):913-914.
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  35. Does Public Ignorance Matter?Robert S. Erikson - 2007 - Critical Review 19 (1):23-34.
    ABSTRACT Recent scholarship has attempted to restore the reputation of the American electorate, even though its level of political interest and information has not measurably increased. Scott Althaus?s Collective Preferences in Democratic Politics challenges this revisionist optimism, arguing that opinion polls misrepresent the interests of a large segment of society, and that they therefore get too much attention as a guide to policy makers, because those being polled are so ill informed. But Althaus overestimates the degree to which respondent ignorance (...)
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  36. Is There a Right to Remain in Ignorance of HIV Status?Charles A. Erin - 2001 - In Rebecca Bennett & Charles A. Erin (eds.), Hiv and Aids, Testing, Screening, and Confidentiality. Clarendon Press.
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  37. “Search” Vs. “Browse”: A Theory of Error Grounded in Radical (Not Rational) Ignorance.Anthony J. Evans & Jeffrey Friedman - 2011 - Critical Review 23 (1-2):73-104.
    Economists tend to view ignorance as ?rational,? neglecting the possibility that ignorance is unintentional. This oversight is reflected in economists? model of ?information search,? which can be fruitfully contrasted with ?information browsing.? Information searches are designed to discover unknown knowns, whose value is calculable ex ante, such that this value justifies the cost of the search. In this model of human information acquisition, there is no primal or ?radical? ignorance that might prevent people from knowing which information to look for, (...)
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  38. In Praise of Ignorance.L. L. Farrar - 2003 - Critical Review 15 (3-4):339-346.
    Abstract Ignorance is essential to life as we know it. Foreknowledge of the future would preclude choice, responsibility, individuality?even history. True knowledge of the past would obviate historiography. Without human ignorance of God's larger plan, His omnipotence and benevolence would not make sense, given the evils of the world. Full knowledge is the enemy of both intimate and impersonal relationships; for that matter, even less important personal decisions are made in ignorance. Military strategy and natural science both depend on ignorance, (...)
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  39. On Idiocratic Theory: Rejoinder to Wisniewski.Mark Fenster - 2007 - Critical Review 19 (1):147-155.
    ABSTRACT One of Murray Edelman?s most important insights was that understanding public ignorance about politics and policy requires an analysis of how symbolic communication and popular culture shape public knowledge and opinion. Approaches that simply dismiss the public as ignorant or idiotic make a similar error as those that simply embrace the modern public as capable of engaging in the work of a competent demos, insofar as both simplify complex social and cultural processes of meaning?making and comprehension. The problem for (...)
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  40. Murray Edelman, Polemicist of Public Ignorance.Mark Fenster - 2005 - Critical Review 17 (3-4):367-391.
    Murray Edelman's work raised significant theoretical and methodological questions regarding the symbolic nature of politics, and specifically the role played by non?rational beliefs in the shaping of political preferences. According to Edelman, beneath an apparently functional and accountable democratic state lies a symbolic system that renders an ignorant public quiescent. The state, the media, civil society, interpersonal relations, even popular art are part of a mass spectacle kept afloat by empty symbolic beliefs. However suggestive it is, the weaknesses of Edelman's (...)
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  41. Policy Recommendations as Spurious Predictions: Toward a Theory of Economists' Ignorance.Adam Fforde - 2011 - Critical Review 23 (1-2):105-115.
    Lao Tzu and Marx together provide the basis of an epistemology based on ignorance?not on knowledge. The failure of an epistemology based on knowledge is shown by the internal inconsistencies afflicting mainstream economics: Economic theory predicts certain empirical phenomena but these fail to reveal themselves. In fact, the strongest research finding in development economics is that there are almost no robust empirical relationships between an implemented policy and its desired outcomes in the real world. A theory of ignorance can highlight (...)
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  42. Ignorance: How It Drives Science.Stuart Firestein - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: -- Chapter 1. A Short View of Ignorance -- Chapter 2. Finding Out -- Chapter 3. Limits, Uncertainty, Impossibility, and Other Minor Problems -- Chapter 4. Unpredicting -- Chapter 5. The Quality of Ignorance -- Chapter 6. Ignorance in Action: Case Histories -- Chapter 7. Ignorance beyond the Lab.
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  43. Spreading Ignorance Equally.Luciano Floridi - 2013 - The Philosophers' Magazine 63:24-25.
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  44. A Crisis of Politics, Not Economics: Complexity, Ignorance, and Policy Failure.Jeffrey Friedman - 2009 - Critical Review 21 (2-3):127-183.
    ABSTRACT The financial crisis was caused by the complex, constantly growing web of regulations designed to constrain and redirect modern capitalism. This complexity made investors, bankers, and perhaps regulators themselves ignorant of regulations promulgated across decades and in different ?fields? of regulation. These regulations interacted with each other to foster the issuance and securitization of subprime mortgages; their rating as AA or AAA; and previously their concentration on the balance sheets (and off the balance sheets) of many commercial and investment (...)
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  45. Ignorance as a Starting Point: From Modest Epistemology to Realistic Political Theory.Jeffrey Friedman - 2007 - Critical Review 19 (1):1-22.
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  46. Who is an Epistemic Peer?Axel Gelfert - 2011 - Logos and Episteme 2 (4):507-514.
    Contemporary epistemology of peer disagreement has largely focused on our immediate normative response to prima facie instances of disagreement. Whereas some philosophers demand that we should withhold judgment (or moderate our credences) in such cases, others argue that, unless new evidence becomes available, disagreement at best gives us reason to demote our interlocutor from his peer status. But what makes someone an epistemic peer in the first place? This question has not received the attention it deserves. I begin by surveying (...)
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  47. Reliabilism and the Value of Knowledge.Alvin I. Goldman & Erik J. Olsson - 2009 - In A. Haddock, A. Millar & D. H. Pritchard (eds.), Epistemic Value. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 19--41.
    It is a widely accepted doctrine in epistemology that knowledge has greater value than mere true belief. But although epistemologists regularly pay homage to this doctrine, evidence for it is shaky. Is it based on evidence that ordinary people on the street make evaluative comparisons of knowledge and true belief, and consistently rate the former ahead of the latter? Do they reveal such a preference by some sort of persistent choice behavior? Neither of these scenarios is observed. Rather, epistemologists come (...)
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  48. Is Ignorance Bliss?Thomas Gray - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (1):5-36.
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  49. Two Roads to Ignorance.Patrick Grim - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (4):953-954.
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  50. Holy Ignorance: When Religion and Culture Part Ways. By Oliver Roy. [REVIEW]Ahmad Gunny - 2012 - Journal of Islamic Studies 23 (2):272-275.
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