Ignorance

Edited by Christopher Michael Cloos (University of California at Santa Barbara)
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  1. added 2020-02-08
    Postcolonial and Decolonial Feminisms.Elena Ruíz - forthcoming - In The Oxford Handbook of Feminist Philosophy.
    In recent years postcolonial and decolonial feminisms have become increasingly salient in philosophy, yet they are often deployed as conceptual stand-ins for generalized feminist critiques of eurocentrism (without reference to the material contexts anti-colonial feminisms emanate from), or as a platform to re-center internal debates between dominant European theories/ists under the guise of being conceptually ‘decolonized’. By contrast, this article focuses on the specific contexts, issues and lifeworld concerns that ground anti-colonial feminisms and provides a brief survey of the literature. (...)
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  2. added 2019-12-11
    The Priority of the Epistemic.Parker Crutchfield & Scott Scheall - forthcoming - Episteme.
    Epistemic burdens – the nature and extent of our ignorance (that and how) with respect to various courses of action – serve to determine our incentive structures. Courses of action that seem to bear impossibly heavy epistemic burdens are typically not counted as options in an actor’s menu, while courses of action that seem to bear comparatively heavy epistemic burdens are systematically discounted in an actor’s menu relative to options that appear less epistemically burdensome. That ignorance serves to determine what (...)
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  3. added 2019-12-05
    Epistemic Burdens, Moral Intimacy, and Surrogate Decision Making.Parker Crutchfield & Scott Scheall - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (2):59-61.
    Berger (forthcoming) states that moral intimacy is important in applying the best interests standard. But what he calls moral intimacy requires that someone has overcome epistemic burdens needed to represent the patient. We argue elsewhere that good surrogate decision-making is first and foremost a matter of overcoming epistemic burdens, or those obstacles that stand in the way of a surrogate decision-maker knowing what a patient wants and how to satisfy those preferences. Berger’s notion of moral intimacy depends on epistemic intimacy: (...)
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  4. added 2019-08-06
    Credences and Suspended Judgments as Transitional Attitudes.Julia Staffel - 2019 - Philosophical Issues 29 (1):281-294.
    In this paper, I highlight an interesting difference between belief on the one hand, and suspended judgment and credence on the other hand. This difference is the following: credences and suspended judgments are suitable to serve as transitional as well as terminal attitudes in our reasoning, whereas beliefs are only appropriate as terminal attitudes. The notion of a transitional attitude is not an established one in the literature, but I argue that introducing it helps us better understand the different roles (...)
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  5. added 2019-06-23
    Normative Ignorance: A Critical Connection Between the Insanity and Mistake of Law Defenses.Ken Levy - forthcoming - Florida State University Law Review 47.
    This Article falls into three general parts. The first part starts with an important question: is the insanity defense constitutionally required? The United States Supreme Court will finally try to answer this question next term in the case of Kahler v. Kansas. -/- I say “finally” because the Court refused to answer this question in 2012 when it denied certiorari to an appeal brought by John Joseph Delling, a severely mentally ill defendant who was sentenced to life in prison three (...)
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  6. added 2019-06-06
    Robert N. Proctor and Londa Schiebinger , Agnotology: The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008. Pp. Viii+298. ISBN 978-0-8047-5901-4. $24.95. [REVIEW]Nick Tosh - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (4):615.
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  7. added 2019-06-06
    Is Ignorance Bliss?Joseph B. Kadane, Mark Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (1):5-36.
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  8. added 2019-06-06
    Wrongdoing and Ignorance: Socrates Defended.Jeffrey H. Silver - 1996 - Philosophy Today 40 (4):496-503.
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    Meanings of Self-Attributed Ignorance: An Introduction to the Symposium.Martin Bauer & Hélène Joffe - 1996 - Social Science Information 35 (1):5-13.
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  10. added 2019-06-06
    Freeing Us From Ignorance and Superstition.Creighton Peden - 1984 - Dialectics and Humanism 11 (2/3):433-435.
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  11. added 2019-05-10
    “Many People Are Saying…”: Applying the Lessons of Naïve Skepticism to the Fight Against Fake News and Other “Total Bullshit”.Jake Wright - 2020 - Postdigital Science and Education 2 (1):113-131.
    ‘Fake news’ has become an increasingly common refrain in public discourse, though the term itself has several uses, at least one of which constitutes Frankfurtian bullshit. After examining what sorts of fake news appeals do and do not count as bullshit, I discuss strategies for overcoming our openness to such bullshit. I do so by drawing a parallel between openness to bullshit and naïve skepticism—one’s willingness to reject the concept of truth on unsupported or ill-considered grounds—and suggest that this parallel (...)
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  12. added 2019-05-10
    Beyond Rawls' Fiction: The Veil of Ignorance Is Real.Harold Anthony Lloyd - 2016 - Huffington Post.
    Brief thoughts on why Rawls' "fictional" veil of ignorance is in fact real and why social morals and self-interest thus converge.
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  13. added 2019-04-16
    Suspending is Believing.Thomas Raleigh - forthcoming - Synthese:1-26.
    A good account of the agnostic attitude of Suspending Judgement should explain how it can be rendered more or less rational/justified according to the state of one's evidence – and one's relation to that evidence. I argue that the attitude of suspending judgement whether p constitutively involves having a belief; roughly, a belief that one cannot yet tell whether or not p. I show that a theory of suspending that treats it as a sui generis attitude, wholly distinct from belief, (...)
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  14. added 2019-04-08
    Sceptical Theism and the Paradox of Evil.Luis R. G. Oliveira - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-15.
    Given plausible assumptions about the nature of evidence and undercutting defeat, many believe that the force of the evidential problem of evil depends on sceptical theism being false: if evil is evidence against God, then seeing no justifying reason for some particular instance of evil must be evidence for it truly being pointless. I think this dialectic is mistaken. In this paper, after drawing a lesson about fallibility and induction from the preface paradox, I argue that the force of the (...)
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  15. added 2018-11-03
    Friedman on Suspended Judgment.Michal Masny - forthcoming - Synthese:1-18.
    In a recent series of papers, Jane Friedman argues that suspended judgment is a sui generis first-order attitude, with a question as its content. In this paper, I offer a critique of Friedman’s project. I begin by responding to her arguments against reductive higher-order propositional accounts of suspended judgment, and thus undercut the negative case for her own view. Further, I raise worries about the details of her positive account, and in particular about her claim that one suspends judgment about (...)
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  16. added 2018-10-16
    Culpable Ignorance in a Collective Setting.Säde Hormio - 2018 - Acta Philosophica Fennica:7-34.
    This paper explores types of organisational ignorance and ways in which organisational practices can affect the knowledge we have about the causes and effects of our actions. I will argue that because knowledge and information are not evenly distributed within an organisation, sometimes organisational design alone can create individual ignorance. I will also show that sometimes the act that creates conditions for culpable ignorance takes place at the collective level. This suggests that quality of will of an agent is not (...)
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  17. added 2018-09-28
    Bias.Daniel Moseley - forthcoming - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Malden, MA, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Following Kahneman and Tversky, I examine the term ‘bias’ as it is used to refer to systematic errors. Given the central role of error in this understanding of bias, it is helpful to consider what it is to err and to distinguish different kinds of error. I identify two main kinds of error, examine ethical issues that pertain to the relation of these types of error, and explain their moral significance. Next, I provide a four-level explanatory framework for understanding biases: (...)
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  18. added 2018-09-21
    Entre ignorance et savoir : le rôle des questions dans la connaissance humaine.Daniel Schulthess - 2013 - In M. Malaguti & W. Tega (eds.), L'Action : penser l'action, agir la pensée - Actes du XXXIIIe Congrès de l'Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française (ASPLF), Venise, 17-21 août 2010. Paris: Vrin. pp. 543-547.
    The article deals with the role of questions in the process of acquiring knowledge. Starting from the classical definition of knowledge as true and justified opinion, the author shows how the justification of our opinions is based on an epistemic practice in which questions play a fundamental role. Before knowledge we have the stages of ignorance and uncertainty. The latter shows a disjunctive structure that is similar to that of questions. In order for questions to be asked a dimension of (...)
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  19. added 2017-12-26
    Does Non-Moral Ignorance Exculpate? Situational Awareness and Attributions of Blame and Forgiveness.Alicia Kissinger-Knox, Patrick Aragon & Moti Mizrahi - 2018 - Acta Analytica 33 (2):161-179.
    In this paper, we set out to test empirically an idea that many philosophers find intuitive, namely that non-moral ignorance can exculpate. Many philosophers find it intuitive that moral agents are responsible only if they know the particular facts surrounding their action. Our results show that whether moral agents are aware of the facts surrounding their action does have an effect on people’s attributions of blame, regardless of the consequences or side effects of the agent’s actions. In general, it was (...)
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  20. added 2017-12-08
    Relativism Defended.Howard Darmstadter - 2016 - Cogent Arts and Humanities 3:1-11.
    I argue for a type of relativism that allows different people to have conflicting accurate representations of the world. This is contrary to the view of most Anglo-American philosophers, who would, with Paul Boghossian in Fear of Knowledge, deny that “there are many radically different, yet ‘equally valid’ ways of knowing the world.” My argument is not a metaphysical argument about the ultimate nature of the outside world, but a psychological argument about the mental processes of representation. The argument starts (...)
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  21. added 2017-10-17
    Vice, Blameworthiness and Cultural Ignorance.Elinor Mason & Alan T. Wilson - 2017 - In Philip Robichaud & Jan Willem Wieland (eds.), Responsibility: The Epistemic Condition. Oxford University Press. pp. 82-100.
    Many have assumed that widespread cultural ignorance exculpates those who are involved in otherwise morally problematic practices, such as the ancient slaveholders, 1950s sexists or contemporary meat eaters. In this paper we argue that ignorance can be culpable even in situations of widespread cultural ignorance. However, it is not usually culpable due to a previous self-conscious act of wrongdoing. Nor can we always use the standard attributionist account of such cases on which the acts done in ignorance can nonetheless display (...)
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  22. added 2017-03-17
    A Thoroughly Modern Wager.Michael J. Shaffer - 2017 - Logos and Episteme 8 (2):207-231.
    This paper presents a corrected version of Pascal's wager that makes it consonant with modern decision theory. The corrected wager shows that not committing to God's existence is the rational choice.
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  23. added 2017-03-06
    Inan on Objectual and Propositional Ignorance.Erhan Demircioglu - 2016 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):305-311.
    In this note, I would like to focus on the two central distinctions Inan draws between varieties of ignorance. One is the distinction between “objectual” and “propositional” ignorance, and the other is the distinction between “truth-ignorance” and “fact-ignorance,” which is a distinction between two types of propositional ignorance. According to Inan, appreciating these distinctions allow us to see what is wrong with the “received view,” according to which ignorance (or awareness of it) is “always about truth,” and enables us to (...)
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  24. added 2017-02-15
    Two Roads to Ignorance: A Quasi Biography.Eliseo Vivas - 1979 - Southern Illinois University Press.
    This account of one man’s search for truth bears witness to defection and apostasy and, in the end, to the humility of deeply lived experience. Eliseo Vivas, distinguished teacher, lit­erary critic, and philosopher, relates the search by his alter ego, Alonzo Quijano, for a philosophy to live by as well as one to think well by. His intellectual odys­sey is marked by defection from com­munism and apostasy from the philoso­phy of John Dewey. Vivas provides throughout this ac­count of Alonzo’s rupture (...)
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  25. added 2017-02-11
    Evil, Ethics and the Passion of Ignorance.Ellie Ragland - 2000 - Analysis (Australian Centre for Psychoanalysis) 9:69.
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  26. added 2017-02-07
    Comparative Ignorance and the Ellsberg Phenomenon.Horacio Arlo-Costa & Jeffrey Helzner - unknown
    The "Ellsberg phenomenon" has played a significant role in research on imprecise probabilities. Fox and Tversky [5] have attempted to explain this phenomenon in terms of their "comparative ignorance" hypothesis. We challenge that explanation and present empirical work suggesting an explanation that is much closer to Ellsberg's own diagnosis.
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  27. added 2017-01-28
    Sanity, Madness and the Problem of Ignorance.Martin Skelton-Robinson - 1972 - Radical Philosophy 2:25.
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  28. added 2017-01-27
    The Principle of Implicit Ignorance.Phillip Curtsmith - 2012 - Stance 5:63-73.
    The following is a foundationalist exercise based upon a single observation or postulate distinguishing one’s knowledge of information versus one’s knowledge of one’s former unknowing of that information. This postulate is titled the “principle of implicit ignorance.” Utilizing this postulate, several theorems are constructed including the equivalence to Hume’s thesis regarding the absence of knowledge of a necessary connection. The postulate is then negated, demonstrating equivalence to Kant’s thesis regarding the presence of synthetic a priori statements. The final result is (...)
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  29. added 2017-01-26
    Four Types of Ignorance.Isaac Levi - 1977 - Social Research 44.
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  30. added 2017-01-26
    Learned Ignorance.David Sachs - 1972 - Social Research 39.
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  31. added 2017-01-25
    Roundtable 2: Ignorance and Error.Scott Althaus, John Bullock, Jeffrey Friedman, Arthur Lupia & Paul Quirk - 2008 - Critical Review 20 (4):445-461.
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  32. added 2017-01-22
    Nonfallacious Arguments From Ignorance.Douglas Walton - 1992 - American Philosophical Quarterly 29 (4):381 - 387.
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  33. added 2017-01-22
    Of Learned Ignorance.Julius Weinberg - 1955 - New Scholasticism 29 (3):342-344.
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  34. added 2017-01-21
    Against Programmatic Ignorance.Sven Ove Hansson - 2007 - Theoria 73 (2):95-97.
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  35. added 2017-01-21
    The Appeal to Ignorance, or Argumentum Ad Ignorantiam.Douglas Walton - 1999 - Argumentation 13 (4):367-377.
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  36. added 2017-01-21
    Philosophy and the Understanding of Ignorance.B. Williams - 1995 - Diogenes 43 (169):23-36.
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  37. added 2017-01-20
    Knowledge and Ignorance: Essays on Lights and Shadows.Folke Dovring - 1998 - Praeger.
    Dovring explores some of the limits of science, the scientific method, and our approaches to conceptualizing problems.
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  38. added 2017-01-19
    Review of Robert Fiengo, Asking Questions: Using Meaningful Structures to Imply Ignorance[REVIEW]Kent Bach - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (11).
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  39. added 2017-01-19
    James Femer and the Theory of Ignorance.Jenny Keefe - 2007 - The Monist 90 (2):297-309.
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  40. added 2017-01-19
    Romantic Ignorance.Anthony Reynolds - 2005 - Angelaki 10 (3):15 – 25.
    To view a work knowingly gives understanding but not hope Rorty, "The Necessity of Inspired Reading" I cannot count one. I know not the first letter of the alphabet. Thoreau, Walden.
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  41. added 2017-01-19
    Controlling Ignorance: A Bitter Truth.Michael J. Zimmerman - 2002 - Journal of Social Philosophy 33 (3):483–490.
  42. added 2017-01-19
    Toward a Social Theory of Ignorance.Michael Smithson - 1985 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 15 (2):151–172.
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  43. added 2017-01-19
    Expressions of Ignorance.B. H. Slater - 1980 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (1):47 – 53.
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  44. added 2017-01-19
    Arguing From Ignorance.Richard Robinson - 1971 - Philosophical Quarterly 21 (83):97-108.
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  45. added 2017-01-19
    Metaphysics: The Domain of Ignorance.Paul Weiss - 1934 - Philosophical Review 43 (4):402-406.
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  46. added 2017-01-17
    On Refusing to Believe: Insensitivity and Self-Ignorance.José Medina - 2016 - In José María Ariso & Astrid Wagner (eds.), Rationality Reconsidered: Ortega y Gasset and Wittgenstein on Knowledge, Belief, and Practice. De Gruyter. pp. 187-200.
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  47. added 2017-01-17
    Aquinas and the Sins of Ignorance.Matthew R. McWhorter - 2016 - Nova et Vetera 14 (1):271-293.
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  48. added 2017-01-17
    Tensions in Agnotology: Normativity in the Studies of Commercially Driven Ignorance.Fernandez Pinto Manuela - 2015 - Social Studies of Science 45 (2):294-315.
    As scientific research moves increasingly to the private sector, the social organization of science undergoes important transformations. Focusing on the production of ignorance, agnotology has been a fruitful approach to understanding the social and epistemic consequences of the recent commercialization of scientific research. Despite their important contributions, scholars working on agnotology seem to hold implicit normative commitments that are in tension with their descriptive accounts of ignorance-constructive practices. The main aim of this article is to uncover these commitments and to (...)
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  49. added 2017-01-17
    . Ignorance and Science: From Strange Juxtaposition to Essential Connection. [REVIEW]A. C. Love - 2012 - Science in Focus.
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  50. added 2017-01-17
    Agnotology: The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance.R. Proctor & L. Londa Schiebinger (eds.) - 2008 - Stanford University Press.
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