Edited by Daniel Von Wachter (International Academy of Philosophy In The Principality of Liechtenstein)
About this topic
Summary Christianity claims that God, or more precisely the second of the three persons that constitute God, made himself to be a man for a few years and that Jesus Christ was this man. The texts in this category discuss whether and how this is possible.
Key works Davis 1992 is a collection of recent investigations of the incarnation. Swinburne 1994 contains an account of the incarnation.
Introductions Davis et al 2002
Related categories
Siblings:See also:History/traditions: Incarnation

1464 found
1 — 50 / 1464
  1. added 2019-01-14
    On God, Goodness, and Evil: A Theological Dialogue.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    In this theological dialogue two characters, the skeptical Simon and the man of faith, Joseph, engage in a wide-ranging conversation touching on the meaning of morality, God, revelation, the Bible, and the viability of faith in a world full of evils.
  2. added 2019-01-14
    Oneness Pentecostalism, the Two-Minds View, and the Problem of Jesus's Prayers.Skylar D. McManus - 2019 - TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 2 (3).
    Even thirty years after Thomas Morris wrote The Logic of God Incarnate, there are some claims that Morris makes that require examination in analytic Christology. One of those claims is a concession that Morris gives to modalists near the end of the book, where he says that the two-minds view he has defended can be used to provide a consistent modalistic understanding of Jesus’s prayer life. This view, he says, blocks the inference from the fact that Jesus prays to the (...)
  3. added 2018-11-26
    Why the Incarnation Is Incompatible With An Atemporal Concept of God.Alin C. Cucu - manuscript
    In this essay, I argue that the Incarnation of the Son of God, understood in a traditionally orthodox way, is incompatible with an atemporalist concept of God. First, I explain what I mean by atemporalism, namely the idea that God exists outside time. I also show the main corollaries of that doctrine, most notably that all of God’s life occurs eternally simultaneously. Second, based on New Testament teaching and widely accepted creeds, I spell out philosophically what I mean by the (...)
  4. added 2018-09-06
    The Blackwell Companion to Substance Dualism.Jonathan J. Loose, Angus John Louis Menuge & J. P. Moreland - 2018 - Oxford, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell.
  5. added 2018-09-06
    An Incarnational Model of the Eucharist.James Arcadi - 2018 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    The Eucharist is at the heart of Christian worship and at the heart of the Eucharist are the curious phrases, 'This is my body' and 'This is my blood'. James M. Arcadi offers a constructive proposal for understanding Christ's presence in the Eucharist that draws on contemporary conceptual resources and is faithful to the history of interpretation. He locates his proposal along a spectrum of Eucharistic theories. Arcadi explores the motif of God's presence related to divine omnipresence and special presence (...)
  6. added 2018-08-31
    Matter Without Form: The Ontological Status of Christ's Dead Body.Andrew J. Jaeger & Jeremy Sienkiewicz - 2018 - Journal of Analytic Theology 6 (1):131-145.
    In this paper, we provide an account of the ontological status of Christ’s dead body, which remained in the tomb during the three days after his crucifixion. Our account holds that Christ’s dead body – during the time between his death and resurrection – was prime matter without a substantial form. We defend this account by showing how it is metaphysically possible for prime matter to exist in actuality without substantial forms. Our argument turns on the truth of two theses: (...)
  7. added 2018-08-22
    Conciliar Christology and the Consistency of Divine Immutability with a Mutable, Incarnate God.Timothy Pawl - 2018 - Nova et Vetera 16 (3):913-937.
    [paragraph 3 of the article] The goal of this article is to flesh out that initial understanding of incarnational immutability. The method I employ to attain this goal is to consider cases of predications from the texts of conciliar Christology. I show potential ontological truth conditions for those predications being true that do not require the truth conditions I propose for immutability to be unsatisfied. Put otherwise, I show ontological truth conditions for predications that imply Christ’s mutability and Incarnation that (...)
  8. added 2018-05-11
    Jesus in the World's Faiths: Leading Thinkers From Five Religions Reflect on His Meaning. Edited by Gregory A. Barker: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Ken Jung - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (3):568-571.
  9. added 2018-05-11
    Saving Beauty: Form as the Key to Balthasar's Christology. By Veronica Donnelly: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Stephen M. Garrett - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (3):537-538.
  10. added 2018-03-13
    Ongoing Incarnation: Would Christmas Have Come Even If We Had Not Sinned?Philip Yancey - 2009 - The Chesterton Review 35 (3/4):723-725.
  11. added 2018-02-17
    ‘Negative’ Criticism of the Gospels?Robert Morgan - 1970 - Religious Studies 6 (1):77.
    ‘There is nothing more negative than the result of the critical study of the Life of Jesus’, wrote Schweitzer at the end of The Quest of the Historical Jesus. The subsequent history of Gospel research in Germany was to reinforce this judgement beyond its author's expectations. The signpost to the future turned out to be Wrede's book on The Messianic Secret in the Gospels which had appeared five years earlier on the same day in 1901 as Schweitzer's own Mystery of (...)
  12. added 2018-01-04
    ONT Vol 1.Paul Bali - manuscript
    contents -/- i. short review: Beyond the Black Rainbow -/- ii. as you die, hold one thought -/- iii. short review: LA JETÉE .
  13. added 2017-09-18
    Truthmaking and Christian Theology.Timothy Pawl - 2015 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 89:181-194.
    This paper analyzes Catholic philosophy by investigating the parameters that Catholic dogmatic claims set for theories of truthmaking. First I argue that two well-known truthmaker views—the view that properties alone are the truthmakers for contingent predications, and the view that all truths need truthmakers—are precluded by Catholic dogma. In particular, the doctrine of transubstantiation precludes the first, and the doctrines of divine causality and divine freedom together preclude the second. Next, I argue that the doctrine of the Incarnation, together with (...)
  14. added 2017-09-07
    Flint’s ‘Molinism and the Incarnation’ is Still Too Radical — A Rejoinder to Flint.R. T. Mullins - 2017 - Journal of Analytic Theology 5 (1):515-532.
    I greatly appreciate Thomas Flint’s reply to my paper, “Flint’s ‘Molinism and the Incarnation’ is too Radical.” In my original paper I argue that the Christology and eschatology of Flint’s paper “Molinism and the Incarnation” is too radical to be considered orthodox. I consider it an honor that a senior scholar, such as Flint, would concern himself with my work in the first place. In this response to Flint’s reply I will explain why I still find Flint’s Christology and eschatology (...)
  15. added 2017-05-21
    The God Who Died on a Cross.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    This is a spiritual-theological reflection on the meaning of the Cross of Christ, in the form of a prose-poetic monologue.
  16. added 2017-03-07
    God Incarnate and the Defeat of Evil.Paul A. Macdonald Jr - 2009 - Modern Theology 25 (2):159-185.
    In this essay, I assess Marilyn McCord Adams's important and provocative incarnation-centered approach to the problem of evil. In particular, I examine the central theological components of her approach: her novel but also problematic conceptions of creation, sin, redemption, grace, and eschatological consummation. My further goal is to use my critical analysis of Adams's approach in order to begin to articulate and defend an alternative incarnation-centered approach, based on a more classically orthodox conception of divine defeat of evil, which is (...)
  17. added 2017-02-16
    Jesus the Story‐Teller. By Stephen I. Wright. Pp. Vii, 211, SPCK, 2014, £13.65. [REVIEW]Nicholas King - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (2):309-359.
  18. added 2017-02-16
    Two Apostles of Loneliness: Caryll Houselander and Catherine Doherty on the Mystical Body of Christ.Sj David Vincent Meconi - 2014 - Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 17 (2):58-76.
  19. added 2017-02-16
    Can We Have a Friend in Jesus? An Aristotelian Analysis.Michael T. McFall - 2012 - Philosophia Christi 14 (2):315-334.
  20. added 2017-02-16
    Jesus the Rabbi: A Comparative Analysis of the Kingdom Parables of Matthew 13 and the Fleming Vark Learning Styles Theory.Henry L. Bennett - 2010 - Dissertation, Proquest
  21. added 2017-02-16
    Comments on Dale Allison’s Resurrecting Jesus.Stephen T. Davis - 2008 - Philosophia Christi 10 (2):285-292.
  22. added 2017-02-16
    Ecology and the Cosmic Christ.Sjoerd Bonting - 2004 - Anthropology and Philosophy 5 (2).
  23. added 2017-02-16
    John P. Meier and the Third Quest for the Historical Jesus: A Review Essay on Companions and Competitors.Gary Habermas - 2002 - Philosophia Christi 4 (2):469-476.
  24. added 2017-02-16
    Fundamental Liberationist Ethics: The Contribution of the Later Theology of Edward Schillebeeckx.Brian David Berry - 1995 - Dissertation, Boston College
    This dissertation traces the historical development and gives systematic theological expression to the fundamental ethics that is implicit in the writings of Edward Schillebeeckx since his turn to hermeneutics in 1967. lt argues that Schillebeeckx's fundamental ethics, like his later political theology generally, is "liberationist" in its perspective, insofar as it has been influenced by Latin American liberation theology and more recently, although to a much lesser extent, by European and North American feminist theology. ;The first three chapters involve a (...)
  25. added 2017-02-16
    Mother F. A. Forbes: Religious of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. [REVIEW]Laura Keeler - 1947 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 22 (4):708-709.
  26. added 2017-02-16
    The Christ Myth.Arthur Drews - 1913 - Philosophical Review 22:564.
  27. added 2017-02-15
    Word and Spirit: Renewing Christology and Pneumatology in a Globalizing World.Anselm K. Min & Christoph Schwöbel (eds.) - 2014 - De Gruyter.
  28. added 2017-02-15
    Duration, Temporality, Self: Prospects for the Future of Bergsonism. By Elena Fell. Pp. 237, Bern, Peter Lang, 2012, £33.50. [REVIEW]Colby Dickinson - 2014 - Heythrop Journal 55 (4):719-720.
  29. added 2017-02-15
    Reflections on the Readings of Sundays and Feasts: December 2014-February 2015.Barry M. Craig - 2014 - The Australasian Catholic Record 91 (4):496.
    Craig, Barry M The season of Advent is not well-defined as it flows almost seamlessly from the end-time themes of the Sundays late in Ordinary Time and turns to the approaching Nativity of Christ. Lacking an event-defining start, Advent in the Roman Rite is named as the four Sundays before Christmas, thus lasting twentyone to twenty-eight days, while in the Ambrosian Rite of Milan it is six Sundays. The elements common to each Sunday's gospel reading in the Roman Rite's three-year (...)
  30. added 2017-02-15
    “Do Not Weep” : In the Footstep of the Compassionate Jesus.Mary Jerome Obiorah - 2014 - Open Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):207-215.
  31. added 2017-02-15
    That Tough Guy From Nazareth: A Psychological Assessment of Jesus.J. Harold Ellens - 2014 - Hts Theological Studies 70 (1):01-08.
    Christmas gives us that 'sweet little Jesus Boy' and Lent follows that with the 'gentle Jesus, meek and mild.' He was neither of those. In point of fact, he was the 'tough guy from Nazareth.' He was consistently abrasive, if not abusive, to his mother (Lk 2:49; Jn 2:4; Mt 12:48) and aggressively hard on males, particularly those in authority. In Mark 8 he cursed and damned Peter for failing to get Jesus' esoteric definition of Messiah correct. Nobody else understood (...)
  32. added 2017-02-15
    Participation in Christ: Psalm 118 in Ambrose and Augustine.Gerald Boersma - 2014 - Augustinianum 54 (1):173-197.
    As bishops, both Augustine and Ambrose wrote sermons on Psalm 118 towards the end of their lives. This article puts these two exegetical works in dialogue with each other by focusing on the common theological theme of participation operative in both commentaries. I argue that both Ambrose and Augustine present a Christological account of participation which functions as the basis of their respective ecclesiologies. Within this overarching Christological framework, the article notes that Ambrose grounds participation in the imago Dei, whereas (...)
  33. added 2017-02-15
    Review of Bishop Geoffrey Robinson, For Christ's Sake: End Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church … for Good. [REVIEW]Patrick FitzGerald Hutchings - 2014 - Sophia 53 (1):151-157.
    Christ’s name is often taken in vain, but not in this book title. It is at once a prayer and a cry of anguish. Robinson was deputed to deal with the whole abuse problem in the Archdiocese of Sydney and knows horrid things at first hand: abuse and clerical cover-ups, both.Bishop Robinson’s book is practical—if perhaps at the time of publication unduly sanguine. He calls, in chapter 13 for ‘A New Council for a New Church’ to enable to get the (...)
  34. added 2017-02-15
    Challenges to the Traditional Christian Concept of History.Jan‐Olav Henriksen - 2014 - Zygon 49 (4):855-874.
    Present knowledge of evolutionary history challenges traditional concepts of the Christian salvation history. In order to overcome these challenges, theology needs to articulate a wider, more open and more universal approach to the understanding of God's salvific action. One way of doing this is to employ the notion of “deep incarnation” suggested by Danish theologian Niels Henrik Gregersen. His suggestion may also blur the lines that mark a sharp distinction between the history of creation and the history of salvation, in (...)
  35. added 2017-02-15
    Jesus or Nietzsche: How Should We Live Our Lives?Raymond Angelo Belliotti (ed.) - 2013 - Rodopi.
    This book reconstructs the cornerstones of Jesus’s moral teachings about how to lead a good, even exemplary, human life. It does so in a way that is compatible with the most prominent, competing versions of the historical Jesus. The work also contrast Jesus’ understanding of the best way to lead our lives with that of Friedrich Nietzsche. Both Jesus and Nietzsche were self-consciously moral revolutionaries. Jesus refashioned the imperatives of Jewish law to conform to what he was firmly convinced was (...)
  36. added 2017-02-15
    The Metaphysics of Kenosis.Stephen Davis - 2011 - In Anna Marmodoro & Jonathan Hill (eds.), The Metaphysics of the Incarnation. Oxford University Press.
  37. added 2017-02-15
    The Christology of Theodore of Tarsus: The Laterculus Malalianus and the Person and Work of Christ.James Siemens - 2010 - Brepols Publishers.
    Theodore of Tarsus served as archbishop of Canterbury for twenty-two years until his death in 690, aged eighty-eight. Because the only significant record we had of Theodore was that contained in Bede’s Historia, until recently it was very difficult to say anything about his life before this appointment, and even more difficult to determine anything about his thought. All of that changed in the last half of the twentieth century, when the discovery of some biblical glosses from Canterbury was revealed (...)
  38. added 2017-02-15
    From Judgement to Passion: Devotion to Christ and the Virgin Mary. [REVIEW]Janice Pinder - 2004 - The Medieval Review 6.
  39. added 2017-02-15
    The Armenian Gospels of Gladzor: The Life of Christ Illuminated. [REVIEW]Kathleen Maxwell - 2002 - The Medieval Review 8.
  40. added 2017-02-15
    The Way of the Lord Jesus, Vol. 3: Difficult Moral Questions. [REVIEW]Gavin T. Colvert - 2001 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 75 (3):443-448.
  41. added 2017-02-15
    Lodemann, Gerd.(Con la Col. De Ozen, Alf.), What Really Happened to Jesus.Jean de Dieu Madangi Sengi - 1996 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 1:256.
  42. added 2017-02-15
    The Last Christology of the West: Adoptionism in Spain and Gaul, 785–820. [REVIEW]John Mcculloh - 1995 - Speculum 70 (2):350-352.
  43. added 2017-02-15
    Insights and Models for Understanding the Healing Activity of the Historical Jesus.John J. Pilch - 1995 - Hts Theological Studies 51 (2).
  44. added 2017-02-15
    The "Irwon" Symbol and Its Ecumenical Significance.Bokin Kim - 1994 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 14:73.
  45. added 2017-02-15
    Jesus as a Seducer (Πλanoσ= Mat'eh).J. Duncan M. Derrett - 1994 - Bijdragen 55 (1):43-55.
  46. added 2017-02-15
    Jesus as a Seducer (ΠΛANOΣ.Jdm Derrett - 1994 - Bijdragen 55 (1):43-55.
  47. added 2017-02-15
    [Jesus-Christ in the Faith of the Church, Vol 2, the 6th-Century Church of Constantinople-German-Hainthaler, T, Editor]. [REVIEW]A. D. Halleux - 1991 - Revue Théologique de Louvain 22 (1):69-74.
  48. added 2017-02-15
    The Gundohinus Gospels. [REVIEW]George Henderson - 1989 - Speculum 64 (2):471-473.
  49. added 2017-02-15
    [Jesus Today in Worship-Systematic Studies of the Liturgy Since Vatican-2-German-Eisenbach, F].A. Tourneux - 1988 - Revue Théologique de Louvain 19 (3):359-362.
  50. added 2017-02-15
    Theological Investigations, Vol. XVII: Jesus, Man and the Church. [REVIEW]Maurice Curtin - 1987 - Philosophical Studies 31:477-480.
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