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  1. Historical Inductions Meet the Material Theory.Elay Shech - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Historical inductions, viz., the pessimistic meta-induction and the problem of unconceived alternatives, are critically analyzed via John D. Norton’s material theory of induction and subsequently rejected as non-cogent arguments. It is suggested that the material theory is amenable to a local version of the pessimistic meta-induction, e.g., in the context of some medical studies.
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  2. Direct Inference in the Material Theory of Induction.William Peden - unknown
    John D. Norton’s “Material Theory of Induction” has been one of the most intriguing recent additions to the philosophy of induction. Norton’s account appears to be a notably natural account of actual inductive practices, though his theory has attracted considerable criticisms. I detail several novel issues for his theory, but argue that supplementing the Material Theory with a theory of direct inference could address these problems. I argue that if this combination is possible, a stronger theory of inductive reasoning emerges, (...)
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  3. What is Inductive Risk? [REVIEW]S. Andrew Schroeder - forthcoming - Metascience:1-4.
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  4. Newton's Regulae Philosophandi.Zvi Biener - 2018 - In Chris Smeenk & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Isaac Newton. Oxford University Press.
    Newton’s Regulae philosophandi—the rules for reasoning in natural philosophy—are maxims of causal reasoning and induction. This essay reviews their significance for Newton’s method of inquiry, as well as their application to particular propositions within the Principia. Two main claims emerge. First, the rules are not only interrelated, they defend various facets of the same core idea: that nature is simple and orderly by divine decree, and that, consequently, human beings can be justified in inferring universal causes from limited phenomena, if (...)
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  5. William Whewell’s Semantic Account of Induction.Corey Dethier - 2018 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 8 (1):141-156.
    William Whewell’s account of induction differs dramatically from the one familiar from twentieth-century debates. I argue that Whewell’s induction can be usefully understood by comparing the difference between his views and more standard accounts to contemporary debates between semantic and syntactic views of theories: rather than understanding inductive inference as capturing a relationship between sentences or propositions, Whewell understands it as a method for constructing a model of the world. The difference between this view and the more familiar picture of (...)
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  6. Newton and the Ideal of Exegetical Success.Zvi Biener - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:82-87.
    Review Essay of ‘Isaac Newton’s Scientific Method’ by William L. Harper.
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  7. Induction and Non-Instantial Hypothesis.R. Das - 1957 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (29):317.
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  8. Induction and the Empiricist Model of Knowledge.Kutschera Franz - unknown
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  9. Eliminative Abduction: Examples From Medicine.Alexander Bird - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (4):345-352.
    Peter Lipton argues that inference to the best explanation involves the selection of a hypothesis on the basis of its loveliness. I argue that in optimal cases of IBE we may be able to eliminate all but one of the hypotheses. In such cases we have a form of eliminative induction takes place, which I call ‘Holmesian inference’. I argue that Lipton’s example in which Ignaz Semmelweis identified a cause of puerperal fever better illustrates Holmesian inference than Liptonian IBE. I (...)
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  10. Whewell’s Tidal Researches: Scientific Practice and Philosophical Methodology.Steffen Ducheyne - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (1):26-40.
    Primarily between 1833 and 1840, William Whewell attempted to accomplish what natural philosophers and scientists since at least Galileo had failed to do: to provide a systematic and broad-ranged study of the tides and to attempt to establish a general scientific theory of tidal phenomena. I document the close interaction between Whewell’s philosophy of science and his scientific practice as a tidologist. I claim that the intertwinement between Whewell’s methodology and his tidology is more fundamental than has hitherto been documented.Keywords: (...)
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  11. Pragmatic Truth and the Logic of Induction.Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (3):333-356.
    We apply the recently elaborated notions of 'pragmatic truth' and 'pragmatic probability' to the problem of the construction of a logic of inductive inference. It is argued that the system outlined here is able to overcome many of the objections usually levelled against such attempts. We claim, furthermore, that our view captures the essentially cumulative nature of science and allows us to explain why it is indeed reasonable to accept and believe in the conclusions reached by inductive inference.
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  12. Concepts of Projectibility and the Problems of Induction.John Earman - 1994 - In .
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  13. Inductive Probability.Wesley C. Salmon & John Patrick Day - 1963 - Philosophical Review 72 (3):392.
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  14. Reason and Prediction.Simon Blackburn - 2009 - London: Cambridge University Press.
    An original study of the philosophical problems associated with inductive reasoning. Like most of the main questions in epistemology, the classical problem of induction arises from doubts about a mode of inference used to justify some of our most familiar and pervasive beliefs. The experience of each individual is limited and fragmentary, yet the scope of our beliefs is much wider; and it is the relation between belief and experience, in particular the belief that the future will in some respects (...)
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  15. Inductive Learning in Small and Large Worlds.Simon M. Huttegger - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 95 (1):90-116.
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  16. Projectibility.Israel Scheffler - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (6):334-336.
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  17. A Note on Goodman’s Problem.Robert Schwartz - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy 102 (7):375-379.
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  18. Penny Pinching and Backward Induction.Martin Hollis - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (9):473.
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  19. The Principle of Induction.Asher Moore - 1952 - Journal of Philosophy 49 (24):741.
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  20. Measurement of the Thermoelectric Power of Ice by an Induction Method.J. L. Brownscombe† & B. J. Mason† - 1966 - Philosophical Magazine 14 (131):1037-1047.
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  21. IV.—Induction and Probability.G. T. Kneebone - 1950 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 50 (1):27-42.
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  22. Theory-Based Causal Induction.Thomas L. Griffiths & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):661-716.
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  23. Conduct and the Weather--An Inductive Study of the Mental Effects of Definite Meterological Conditions.Edwin Grant Dexter - 1899 - Psychological Review 6 (5):539-540.
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  24. Demon Possession and Allied Themes, Being an Inductive Study of Phenomena of Our Own Times.No Authorship Indicated - 1895 - Psychological Review 2 (5):529-531.
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  25. Inductive Psychology.A. C. Armstrong - 1894 - Psychological Review 1 (4):416-417.
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  26. Foundations of Inference in Natural Science.J. O. Wisdom (ed.) - 1952 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1952. This book is a critical survey of the views of scientific inference that have been developed since the end of World War I. It contains some detailed exposition of ideas – notably of Keynes – that were cryptically put forward, often quoted, but nowhere explained. Part I discusses and illustrates the method of hypothesis. Part II concerns induction. Part III considers aspects of the theory of probability that seem to bear on the problem of induction and (...)
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  27. Can Induction Strengthen Inference to the Best Explanation?Neil A. Thomson - unknown
    In this paper I will argue that the controversial process of inferring to the best explanation can be made more coherent if its formulation recognizes and includes a significant inductive component. To do so, I will examine the relationship between Harman’s, Lipton’s, and Fumerton’s positions on IBE, settling ultimately upon a conception that categorically rejects Harman’s account while appropriating potions of both Lipton’s and Fumerton’s accounts. The resulting formulation will be called inductive-IBE, and I will argue that this formulation more (...)
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  28. A Demonstration of the Incompleteness of Calculi of Inductive Inference.John D. Norton - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    A complete calculus of inductive inference captures the totality of facts about inductive support within some domain of propositions as relations or theorems within the calculus. It is demonstrated that there can be no complete, non-trivial calculus of inductive inference.
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  29. On the Coherence of Scientific Induction and Ayer's Principle.Robert Mosimann - 2006 - Philosophical Inquiry 28 (3):35-41.
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  30. A Note on the $\Pi^0_2$ -Induction Rule.Ulrich Kohlenbach - 1995 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 34 (4):279-283.
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  31. More on Induction in the Language with a Satisfaction Class.Henryk Kotlarski & Zygmunt Ratajczyk - 1990 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 36 (5):441-454.
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  32. On Principles of Inductive Definition.Bernhard Banaschewski - 1960 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 6 (15-22):248-257.
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  33. Falsificationism and Statistical Learning Theory: Comparing the Popper and Vapnik-Chervonenkis Dimensions.David Corfield, Bernhard Schölkopf & Vladimir Vapnik - 2009 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (1):51-58.
    We compare Karl Popper’s ideas concerning the falsifiability of a theory with similar notions from the part of statistical learning theory known as VC-theory . Popper’s notion of the dimension of a theory is contrasted with the apparently very similar VC-dimension. Having located some divergences, we discuss how best to view Popper’s work from the perspective of statistical learning theory, either as a precursor or as aiming to capture a different learning activity.
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  34. Projectibility and Explainability or How to Draw a New Picture of Inductive Practices.Rami Israel - 2006 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (2):269-286.
    Goodman published his "riddle" in the middle of the 20th century and many philosophers have attempted to solve it. These attempts almost all shared an assumption that, I shall argue, might be wrong, namely, the assumption that when we project from cases we have examined to cases we have not, what we project are predicates. I shall argue that this assumption, shared by almost all attempts at a solution, looks wrong, because, in the first place, what we project are generalizations (...)
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  35. Probability Disassembled.John D. Norton - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (2):141-171.
    While there is no universal logic of induction, the probability calculus succeeds as a logic of induction in many contexts through its use of several notions concerning inductive inference. They include Addition, through which low probabilities represent disbelief as opposed to ignorance; and Bayes property, which commits the calculus to a ‘refute and rescale’ dynamics for incorporating new evidence. These notions are independent and it is urged that they be employed selectively according to needs of the problem at hand. It (...)
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  36. On Hans Reichenbach’s Inductivism.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2011 - Synthese 181 (1):95-111.
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  37. Reliable Reasoning: Induction and Statistical Learning Theory.Gilbert Harman & Sanjeev Kulkarni - 2007 - Bradford.
    In _Reliable Reasoning_, Gilbert Harman and Sanjeev Kulkarni -- a philosopher and an engineer -- argue that philosophy and cognitive science can benefit from statistical learning theory, the theory that lies behind recent advances in machine learning. The philosophical problem of induction, for example, is in part about the reliability of inductive reasoning, where the reliability of a method is measured by its statistically expected percentage of errors -- a central topic in SLT. After discussing philosophical attempts to evade the (...)
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  38. Symmetry and its Discontents: Essays on the History of Inductive Probability.S. L. Zabell - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This volume brings together a collection of essays on the history and philosophy of probability and statistics by one of the eminent scholars in these subjects. Written over the last fifteen years, they fall into three broad categories. The first deals with the use of symmetry arguments in inductive probability, in particular, their use in deriving rules of succession. The second group deals with four outstanding individuals who made lasting contributions to probability and statistics in very different ways: Frank Ramsey, (...)
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  39. Δ11-Good Inductive Definitions Over The Continuum.Jacques Grassin - 1981 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 27 (1):11-16.
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  40. Carnap’s Theory of Probability and Induction.John G. Kemeny - 1963 - In Paul Arthur Schilpp (ed.), The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap. Open Court: La Salle. pp. 711--738.
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  41. Turning Norton’s Dome Against Material Induction.Richard Dawid - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (9):1101-1109.
    John Norton has proposed a position of “material induction” that denies the existence of a universal inductive inference schema behind scientific reasoning. In this vein, Norton has recently presented a “dome scenario” based on Newtonian physics that, in his understanding, is at variance with Bayesianism. The present note points out that a closer analysis of the dome scenario reveals incompatibilities with material inductivism itself.
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  42. Foundations of Inference in Natural Science.J. O. Wisdom (ed.) - 1952 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1952. This book is a critical survey of the views of scientific inference that have been developed since the end of World War I. It contains some detailed exposition of ideas – notably of Keynes – that were cryptically put forward, often quoted, but nowhere explained. Part I discusses and illustrates the method of hypothesis. Part II concerns induction. Part III considers aspects of the theory of probability that seem to bear on the problem of induction and (...)
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  43. Statistical Ambiguity and Inductive Inconsistencies.Alfons Keupink - 1994 - In Ulla Wessels & Georg Meggle (eds.), Analyomen / Analyomen: Proceedings of the 1st Conference "Perspectives in Analytical Philosophy". De Gruyter. pp. 345-352.
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  44. A Treatise on Induction and Probability. [REVIEW]William H. Hay - 1953 - Journal of Philosophy 50 (25):782-788.
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  45. The Logical Problem of Induction. [REVIEW]S. F. Barker - 1958 - Journal of Philosophy 55 (3):130-131.
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  46. Probability and Induction. [REVIEW]Ernest Nagel - 1950 - Journal of Philosophy 47 (19):545-551.
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  47. Abstraction, Relation, and Induction: Three Essays in the History of Thought. [REVIEW]Ernest A. Moody - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (17):538-541.
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  48. The Problem of Induction and Its Solution. [REVIEW]Frederic Schick - 1963 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (16):473-478.
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  49. Whewell's Philosophy of Induction. [REVIEW]Homer H. Dubs - 1931 - Journal of Philosophy 28 (14):385-386.
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  50. The Logical Problem of Induction. [REVIEW]N. E. - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (19):529-531.
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