Infanticide

Edited by Craig Paterson (Complutense University of Madrid)
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  1. added 2020-04-10
    Defending the Distinction Between Pregnancy and Parenthood.Prabhpal Singh - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1:1-3.
    In this paper, I respond to criticisms toward my account of the difference in moral status between fetuses and newborns. I show my critics have not adequately argued for their view that pregnant women participate in a parent-child relationship. While an important counterexample is raised against my account, this counterexample had already been dealt with in my original paper. Because the criticisms against my account lack argumentative support, they do not pose a problem for my account. I conclude the raised (...)
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  2. added 2020-04-07
    Parental Responsibilities and Moral Status.Bruce P. Blackshaw & Daniel Rodger - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1:1-2.
    Prabhpal Singh has recently defended a relational account of the difference in moral status between fetuses and newborns as a way of explaining why abortion is permissible and infanticide is not. He claims that only a newborn can stand in a parent–child relation, not a fetus, and this relation has a moral dimension that bestows moral value. We challenge Singh’s reasoning, arguing that the case he presents is unconvincing. We suggest that the parent–child relation is better understood as an extension (...)
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  3. added 2020-04-07
    Beyond Infanticide: How Psychological Accounts of Persons Can Justify Harming Infants.Daniel Rodger, Bruce P. Blackshaw & Calum Miller - 2018 - The New Bioethics 24 (2):106-121.
    It is commonly argued that a serious right to life is grounded only in actual, relatively advanced psychological capacities a being has acquired. The moral permissibility of abortion is frequently argued for on these grounds. Increasingly it is being argued that such accounts also entail the permissibility of infanticide, with several proponents of these theories accepting this consequence. We show, however, that these accounts imply the permissibility of even more unpalatable acts than infanticide performed on infants: organ harvesting, live experimentation, (...)
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  4. added 2020-02-21
    Fetuses, Newborns, and Parental Responsibility.Prabhpal Singh - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (3):188-193.
    I defend a relational account of difference in the moral status between fetuses and newborns. The difference in moral status between a fetus and a newborn is that the newborn baby is the proper object of ‘parental responsibility’ whereas the fetus is not. ‘Parental responsibilities’ are a moral dimension of a ‘parent-child relation’, a relation which newborn babies stand in, but fetuses do not. I defend this relational account by analyzing the concepts of ‘parent’ and ‘child’, and conclude that the (...)
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  5. added 2020-01-06
    Should the Baby Live? The Problem of Handicapped Infants.H. Kuhse & Peter Singer - 1985 - Oxford University Press.
    Few subjects have generated so many newspaper headlines and such heated controversy as the treatment, or non-treatment, of handicapped newborns. In 1982, the case of Baby Doe, a child born with Down's syndrome, stirred up a national debate in the United States, while in Britain a year earlier, Dr. Leonard Arthur stood trial for his decision to allow a baby with Down's syndrome to die. Government intervention and these recent legal battles accentuate the need for a reassessment of the complex (...)
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  6. added 2019-10-26
    Reasonable Parental and Medical Obligations in Pediatric Extraordinary Therapy.Michal Pruski & Nathan K. Gamble - 2019 - The Linacre Quarterly 86 (2-3):198-206.
    The English cases of Charlie Gard and Alfie Evans involved a conflict between the desires of their parents to preserve their children’s lives and judgments of their medical teams in pursuit of clinically appropriate therapy. The treatment the children required was clearly extraordinary, including a wide array of advanced life-sustaining technological support. The cases exemplify a clash of worldviews rooted in different philosophies of life and medical care. The article highlights the differing perspectives on parental authority in medical care in (...)
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  7. added 2019-06-06
    Amanda Rees, The Infanticide Controversy: Primatology and the Art of Field Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009. Pp. Ix+288. ISBN 978-0-226-70711-2. £40.00. [REVIEW]Georgina Montgomery - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Science 43 (3):502-503.
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  8. added 2019-06-06
    Consciousness and the Moral Permissibility of Infanticide 1.Nicole Hassoun - 2008 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (1):45-55.
    In this paper, we present a conditional argument for the moral permissibility of some kinds of infanticide. The argument is based on a certain view of consciousness and the claim that there is an intimate connection between consciousness and infanticide. In bare outline, the argument is this: it is impermissible to intentionally kill a creature only if the creature is conscious; it is reasonable to believe that there is some time at which human infants are conscious; therefore, it is reasonable (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    The Moral Meaning of Relinquishing an Infant: Reflections on Adoption.Stephen G. Post - 1992 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 67 (2):207-220.
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  10. added 2019-06-05
    Tooley's Immodest ProposalAbortion and Infanticide.Christina Hoff Sommers & Michael Tooley - 1985 - Hastings Center Report 15 (3):39.
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  11. added 2019-02-21
    Dutch Protocols for Deliberately Ending the Life of Newborns: A Defence.Matthew Tedesco - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (2):251-259.
    The Groningen Protocol, introduced in the Netherlands in 2005 and accompanied by revised guidelines published in a report commissioned by the Royal Dutch Medical Association in 2014, specifies conditions under which the lives of severely ill newborns may be deliberately ended. Its publication came four years after the Netherlands became the first nation to legalize the voluntary active euthanasia of adults, and the Netherlands remains the only country to offer a pathway to protecting physicians who might engage in deliberately ending (...)
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  12. added 2018-11-01
    Abortion and Infanticide: A Triple Libertarian and Critical-Rationalist Defence.J. C. Lester - manuscript
    From libertarian and critical-rationalist assumptions, the moral permissibility of abortion and infanticide can be explained and defended in three principal ways; although non-libertarians and justificationists could also accept these arguments. These include new theories of personhood (in critical-rationalist terms) and harmin-fliction (in libertarian terms). The three defences are independent of each other but collectively consistent. 1) The unborn and infant human is not a person in the relevant intellectual and moral sense. 2) There is no overall proactive imposition (harm-infliction), as (...)
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  13. added 2018-07-24
    Od eutanazie k infanticidě.Tomas Hribek - 2015 - Časopis Zdravotnického Práva a Bioetiky 5 (1):5-27.
    [From Euthanasia to Infanticide] The paper revisits the recent controversy over Dr. Mitlőhner’s defense of infanticide, published in this journal. In section 1, I point out the weaknesses of Mitlőhner’s paper. In sections 2 and 3 I turn to the most sophisticated defense of infanticide on offer today, that of Peter Singer’s. Section 2 sums up Singer’s description of the medical practice as already having abandoned the traditional ethic of equal value of all human lives, which motivates ethical revisionism. However, (...)
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  14. added 2017-07-17
    You Should Not Have Let Your Baby Die.Gary Comstock - 2017 July 12 - New York Times.
    Sam, your newborn son, has been suffocating in your arms for the past 15 minutes. You’re as certain as you can be that he is going to die in the next 15.
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  15. added 2017-07-08
    Cultural Explanations and Clinical Ethics: Active Euthanasia in Neonatology.A. Ahmad - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (3):192-192.
    The authors have undertaken a study to explore the views in non-Western cultures about ending the lives of newborns with genetic defects. This study consists of including active euthanasia alongside withdrawal and withholding of treatment as potential methods used.Apart from radicalising the support for active euthanasia in certain instances of neonatal diagnoses, is another interesting point that views of children and death are shaped by religion and culture and are especially highly charged with culturally specific symbolism/s. Furthermore, this is augmented (...)
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  16. added 2017-02-15
    Early Delivery of the Anencephalic Infant.J. L. Walsh, M. M. McQueen, K. O'Rourke & J. deBlois - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (2):184-186.
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  17. added 2017-02-15
    Biosocial Variances and Infant Survival: A Path Analysis Approach.Universiti Pertanian Malaysia - 1992 - Journal of Biosocial Science 24:175.
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  18. added 2017-02-15
    Infant Investments.Hl Nelson - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (4):4-4.
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  19. added 2017-02-15
    Evolution and the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), Part III: Parent-Infant Co-Sleeping and Infant Arousal.J. J. McKenna & S. Mosko - 1990 - Human Nature 1 (2).
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  20. added 2017-02-14
    Infant Mortality and Longevity.Chester Alexander - forthcoming - Social Research.
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  21. added 2017-02-14
    Infant Baptism: Initiation Into Community.David Orr - 1998 - The Australasian Catholic Record 75 (1):3.
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  22. added 2017-02-14
    Infant Behaviour: Its Genesis and Growth.A. J. Lewis - 1935 - The Eugenics Review 27 (1):58.
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  23. added 2017-02-13
    The Effect of Divorce on Infant Mortality in a Remote Area of Bangladesh.Nurul Alam, Sajal K. Saha, Abdur Razzaque & Jeroen K. van Ginneken - 2001 - Journal of Biosocial Science 33 (2):271-278.
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  24. added 2017-02-13
    Estimating Infant Mortality Rates Prospectively in Honduras.David Hubacher, Patricia Bailey, Barbara Janowitz, Fidel Barahona & Marco Pinel - 1992 - Journal of Biosocial Science 24 (4):433-445.
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  25. added 2017-02-13
    Infant Mortality in Sri Lanka.Indra Gajanayake - 1988 - Journal of Biosocial Science 20 (1):79-88.
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  26. added 2017-02-13
    Infant and Child Mortality in Bangladesh.Ruhul Amin - 1988 - Journal of Biosocial Science 20 (1):59-65.
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  27. added 2017-02-13
    Lick Rates in Infant Mongolian Gerbils.Robert T. Dickinson & Robert W. Schaeffer - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (5):509-510.
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  28. added 2017-02-12
    The Effect of Infant Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Facial Features on Adoption Preference.Katherine L. Waller, Anthony Volk & Vernon L. Quinsey - 2004 - Human Nature 15 (1):101-117.
    Infant facial characteristics may affect discriminative parental solicitude because they convey information about the health of the offspring. We examined the effect of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) infant facial characteristics on hypothetical adoption preferences, ratings of attractiveness, and ratings of health. As expected, potential parents were more likely to adopt “normal” infants, and they rated the FAS infants as less attractive and less healthy. Cuteness/attractiveness was the best predictor of adoption likelihood.
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  29. added 2017-02-12
    The Influence of Infant Facial Cues on Adoption Preferences.Anthony Volk & Vernon L. Quinsey - 2002 - Human Nature 13 (4):437-455.
    Trivers’s theory of parental investment suggests that adults should decide whether or not to invest in a given infant using a cost-benefit analysis. To make the best investment decision, adults should seek as much relevant information as possible. Infant facial cues may serve to provide information and evoke feelings of parental care in adults. Four specific infant facial cues were investigated: resemblance (as a proxy for kinship), health, happiness, and cuteness. It was predicted that these cues would influence feelings of (...)
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  30. added 2017-02-12
    Function of Infant-Directed Speech.Marilee Monnot - 1999 - Human Nature 10 (4):415-443.
    The relationship between a biological process and a behavioral trait indicates a proximate mechanism by which natural selection can act. In that context, examining an aspect of infant health is one method of investigating the adaptive significance of infant-directed speech (ID speech), and it could help to explain the widespread use of this communication style. The correlation between infant growth and infant-directed speech is positive and significant, and provides a vehicle for testing evolutionary history hypotheses.
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  31. added 2017-02-12
    Evolution and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).James J. McKenna - 1990 - Human Nature 1 (2):145-177.
    This paper and its subsequent parts (Part II and Part III) build on an earlier publication (McKenna 1986). They suggest that important clinical data on the relationship between infantile constitutional deficits and microenvironmental factors relevant to SIDS can be acquired by examining the physiological regulatory effects (well documented among nonhuman primates) that parents assert on their infants when they sleep together.I attempt to show why access to parental sensory cues (movement, touch, smell, sound) that induce arousals in infants while they (...)
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  32. added 2017-02-11
    Infanticide, Moral Status and Moral Reasons: The Importance of Context.Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):289-292.
    Giubilini and Minerva ask why birth should be a critical dividing line between acceptable and unacceptable reasons for terminating existence. Their argument is that birth does not change moral status in the sense that is relevant: the ability to be harmed by interruption of one's aims. Rather than question the plausibility of their position or the argument they give, we ask instead about the importance to scholarship or policy of publishing the article: does it to any extent make a novel (...)
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  33. added 2017-02-11
    A Committee Consults: The Care of an Anencephalic Infant.Sheldon T. Berkowitz - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (3):18-19.
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  34. added 2017-02-11
    Teenage Fertility, Socioeconomic Statue and Infant Mortality.Michael K. Miller & C. Shannon Stokes - 1985 - Journal of Biosocial Science 17 (2):147-155.
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  35. added 2017-02-11
    Twin Infanticide‐A Cross‐Cultural Test of a Materialistic Explanation.Gary Granzberg - 1973 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 1 (4):405-412.
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  36. added 2017-02-10
    Abortion.C. P. V. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (1):145-146.
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  37. added 2017-02-09
    Infant Homicide and Accidental Death in the United States, 1940-2005: Ethics and Epidemiological Classification.J. E. Riggs & G. R. Hobbs - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (7):445-448.
    Potential ethical issues can arise during the process of epidemiological classification. For example, unnatural infant deaths are classified as accidental deaths or homicides. Societal sensitivity to the physical abuse and neglect of children has increased over recent decades. This enhanced sensitivity could impact reported infant homicide rates. Infant homicide and accident mortality rates in boys and girls in the USA from 1940 to 2005 were analysed. In 1940, infant accident mortality rates were over 20 times greater than infant homicide rates (...)
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  38. added 2017-02-08
    1870: The State and the Infant School System.D. A. Turner - 1970 - British Journal of Educational Studies 18 (2):151 - 165.
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  39. added 2017-02-08
    Samuel Wilderspin and the Early Infant Schools.W. P. McCann - 1966 - British Journal of Educational Studies 14 (2):188 - 204.
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  40. added 2017-02-07
    Is the Self of the Infant Preserved in the Adult?Eva Mark - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (3):347-353.
    What does a confrontation between philosophy and psychoanalysis look like? My task is a philosophical investigation of a psychoanalytic concept. Thus, I offer a conceptual analysis of a concept that is used both clinically and as a part of a metapsychology. The concept that I investigate in this article is regression. I work with the following two problems: What does a conceptual analysis of the phenomenon called regression look like? Regression can be regarded as an instrument that can give us (...)
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  41. added 2017-02-07
    Commentary.Carson Strong - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (4):541-542.
    In this case, one should expect that providing hydration sufficient to maintain fluid balance would tend to prolong the dying process. In a well-known case at Johns Hopkins University, fluids (and feedings) were withheld from a newborn with anomalies, and the infant died after 15 days, compared to three weeks in the present case, in which fluids were given. In the famous Baby Doe case, fluids and nutrition were withheld and the infant lived only six days. In the case at (...)
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  42. added 2017-02-07
    Infant Arithmetic: Wynn's Hypothesis Should Not Be Dismissed.Marcus Giaquinto - 1992 - Mind and Language 7 (4):364-366.
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  43. added 2017-02-03
    Infant-Toddler Centers and Preschools as Places of Culture.Carla Rinaldi - 2008 - In Alexandra Miletta & Maureen McCann Miletta (eds.), Classroom Conversations: A Collection of Classics for Parents and Teachers. The New Press.
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  44. added 2017-02-03
    Reply to Tooley's Opening Statement.Alvin Plantinga - 2008 - In Knowledge of God. Blackwell.
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  45. added 2017-01-30
    Do Infant Rats Cry?Mark S. Blumberg & Greta Sokoloff - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (1):83-95.
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  46. added 2017-01-27
    Infanticide in History-Reply.Sg Post - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (5):48-48.
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  47. added 2017-01-25
    Prior and Proximate Causes of Infant Survival in Ghana, with Special Attention to Polygyny. A Comment.William H. James - 1998 - Journal of Biosocial Science 30 (1):127-133.
    Amankwaa (1996) gives data on infant mortality in monogamous and polygynous families. However he does not categorise his data by sex. This is important because one might expect infant mortality to vary by sex; moreover the offspring sex ratios of polygynous and monogamous women reportedly differ.
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  48. added 2017-01-24
    Is the Pro-Choice Position for Infanticide 'Madness'?Charles Camosy - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):301-302.
    Professor George and I agree more than we disagree, but I continue to question his use of ‘madness’ to describe support of infanticide. Many will think he means no reasonable person can support infanticide—especially when he compares it with support of slavery and he claims that ‘anyone’ should ‘immediately’ be able to see that infanticide is wrong.George admits that Jefferson Davis’ support of slavery was not the same as support of slavery today because Davis’ social order was built around principles (...)
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  49. added 2017-01-24
    Response To: Is the Pro-Choice Position for Infanticide 'Madness'?Robert P. George - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):302-302.
    As Charles Camosy observes, he and I agree more than we disagree. He believes with no less conviction than I do that deliberately killing infant children is profoundly morally wrong and a grave violation of human rights.1 So where do we disagree?I think that killing infant children, or promoting the moral permissibility of doing so, is moral madness, and that we should say so, rather than treating infanticide as just one more legitimate, albeit in the end morally mistaken view. We (...)
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  50. added 2017-01-24
    Abortion, Infanticide and Allowing Babies to Die, 40 Years On.Julian Savulescu - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):257-259.
    In January 2012, the Journal of Medical Ethics published online Giubilini and Minerva's paper, ‘After-birth abortion. Why should the baby live?’.1 The Journal publishes articles based on the quality of their argument, their contribution to the existing literature, and relevance to current medicine. This article met those criteria. It created unprecedented global outrage for a paper published in an academic medical ethics journal. In this special issue of the Journal, Giubilini and Minerva's paper comes to print along with 31 articles (...)
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