About this topic
Summary Over the past decades the ubiquitous use of information technologies and the growth of the Internet contributed to exposing the importance of the ethical dimensions of information. Information ethics addresses the question as to whether information has or should have a moral value. Specifically, the main problem that information ethics addresses is how one should behave when information is collected, shared, produced or destroyed. Information ethics poses questions of normative ethics and metaethics: the issues are about how one should behave (normative ethics) and how right and wrong should be defined when information and its dynamics are considered (metaethics). The scope of such questions is quite wide and as such information ethics ranges over multiple domains and is part of several branches of applied ethics - computer ethics, medical ethics, business ethics and librarian ethics, to name a few.
Key works Conceptual foundations of information ethics as an ethical framework have been provided in Floridi 2013. A collection of essays on issues concerning information and computer ethics can be found in Himma & Tavani 2008 and Floridi 2010. An analysis of information ethics developed following a continental approach has been provided in Capurro 2006. The following are ethical analyses focusing on the moral value of information to address issues such as privacy (Floridi 2006) (Tavani 2008), online trust (Turilli et al 2012), information transparency (Turilli & Floridi 2009), internet neutrality (Turilli et al 2010) and cyber warfare (Taddeo forthcoming).
Introductions Buchanan 1999, Floridi 1999, Floridi 2006
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208 found
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  1. added 2019-03-17
    Notice After Notice-and-Consent: Why Privacy Disclosures Are Valuable Even If Consent Frameworks Aren’T.Daniel Susser - 2019 - Journal of Information Policy 9:37-62.
    The dominant legal and regulatory approach to protecting information privacy is a form of mandated disclosure commonly known as “notice-and-consent.” Many have criticized this approach, arguing that privacy decisions are too complicated, and privacy disclosures too convoluted, for individuals to make meaningful consent decisions about privacy choices—decisions that often require us to waive important rights. While I agree with these criticisms, I argue that they only meaningfully call into question the “consent” part of notice-and-consent, and that they say little about (...)
  2. added 2019-03-11
    Transparency Trade-Offs: Priority Setting, Scarcity, and Health Fairness.Govind Persad - 2019 - In I. Glenn Cohen, Barbara Evans, Holly Lynch & Carmel Shachar (eds.), Transparency in Health and Health Care. New York: Cambridge UP.
    This chapter argues that rather than viewing transparency as a right, we should regard it as a finite resource whose allocation involves tradeoffs. It then argues that those tradeoffs should be resolved by using a multi-principle approach to distributive justice. The relevant principles include maximizing welfare, maximizing autonomy, and giving priority to the worst off. Finally, it examines some of the implications for law of recognizing the tradeoffs presented by transparency proposals.
  3. added 2019-02-25
    Net Recommendation: Prudential Appraisals of Digital Media and the Good Life.Pak-Hang Wong - 2012 - Dissertation, University of Twente
    Digital media has become an integral part of people’s lives, and its ubiquity and pervasiveness in our everyday lives raise new ethical, social, cultural, political, economic and legal issues. Many of these issues have primarily been dealt with in terms of what is ‘right’ or ‘just’ with digital media and digitally-mediated practices, and questions about the relations between digital media and the good life are often left in the background. In short, what is often missing is an explicit discussion of (...)
  4. added 2019-02-20
    Messages and Messengers – Angeletics as an Approach to the Phenomenology of Communication / Von Boten Und Botschaften – Die Angeletik Als Weg Zur Phänomenologie der Kommunikation.Rafael Capurro & John Holgate - 2011 - Wilhelm Fink Verlag.
    The term angeletics comes from greek angelos/angelia, meaning messenger/messages. We use these terms when we refer to angels or divine messengers. There is a long tradition in theology and religious studies called angelology. Angeletics is in this regard different from angelology. Its purpose is to study the phenomenon of messages and messengers within the boundaries of the condition humaine, having as its primary object human communication but including technical and natural processes as well. For the philosophers of the Enlightenment, such (...)
  5. added 2019-02-19
    Angeletics and Epistemology, Angeletics as Epistemology: A Comparison Between Capurro’s Angeletics and Goldman’s Social Epistemology.Pak-Hang Wong - 2011 - In Messages and Messengers – Angeletics as an Approach to the Phenomenology of Communication / Von Boten und Botschaften – Die Angeletik als Weg zur Phänomenologie der Kommunikation.
    Nearly a decade ago, Rafael Capurro has gradually shifted his attention towards the ideas of message and of messenger. In lieu of ‘information’, he proposes and develops a new direction of research he calls Angeletics that aims to examine the nature of message and messenger, both of which are inherently social. Coincidently, at about the same time, we witnessed the rise of social epistemology in Angelo-American analytic philosophy. This coincidence is interesting, because both Capurro’s Angeletics and social epistemology indicated a (...)
  6. added 2019-02-19
    Information Technology, the Good and Modernity.Pak-Hang Wong - 2010 - In Thinking Machines and the Philosophy of Computer Science: Concepts and Principles. pp. 223-236.
    In Information and Computer Ethics (ICE), and, in fact, in normative and evaluative research of Information Technology (IT) in general, researchers have paid few attentions to the prudential values of IT. Hence, analyses of the prudential values of IT are mostly found in popular discourse. Yet, the analyses of the prudential values of IT are important for answering normative questions about people’s well-being. In this chapter, the author urges researchers in ICE to take the analyses of the prudential values of (...)
  7. added 2019-01-13
    Information Before Information Theory: The Politics of Data Beyond the Perspective of Communication.Colin Koopman - forthcoming - New Media and Society.
    Scholarship on the politics of new media widely assumes that communication functions as a sufficient conceptual paradigm for critically assessing new media politics. This article argues that communication-centric analyses fail to engage the politics of information itself, limiting information only to its consequences for communication, and neglecting information as it reaches into our selves, lives, and actions beyond the confines of communication. Furthering recent new media historiography on the “information theory” of Shannon and Wiener, the article reveals both the primacy (...)
  8. added 2018-12-23
    Human Rights as Subject and Guide to LIS Research and Practice.Kay Mathiesen - 2015 - Journal for the Association of Information Science and Technology 66 (7):1305-1322.
    In this “global information age” accessing, disseminating, and controlling information is an increasingly important aspect of human life. Often these interests are expressed in the language of human rights—e.g., rights to expression, privacy, and intellectual property. As the discipline concerned with, “Facilitating the effective communication of desired information between human generator and human user” (Belkin, 1975, 22), Library and Information Science (LIS) has a central role in facilitating communication about human rights and ensuring the respect for human rights in information (...)
  9. added 2018-12-17
    Homesteading the Noosphere: The Ethics of Owning Biological Information.Robert R. Wadholm - 2018 - Northern Plains Ethics Journal 6 (1):47-63.
    The idea of homesteading can be extended to the realm of biological entities, to the ownership of information wherein organisms perform artifactual functions as a result of human development. Can the information of biological entities be ethically “homesteaded”: should humans (or businesses) have ownership rights over this information from the basis of mere development and possession, as in Locke’s theory of private property? I offer three non-consequentialist arguments against such homesteading: the information makeup of biological entities is not commonly owned, (...)
  10. added 2018-09-12
    Infopolitics, Biopolitics, Anatomopolitics.Colin Koopman - 2018 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 39 (1):103-128.
    This paper argues for a distinctive concept of "infopolitics" as a theoretical tool for understanding how new regimes of data are exerting increasing political control of our lives. It seems almost undeniable today that there is a politics at stake in such ubiquitous features of our society as social media interaction, electioneering (and election hacking) through those interactions, cell phone addiction, personal information monetization, the lack of security in personal data markets, and massively-scaled state surveillance. Yet, even if the fact (...)
  11. added 2018-06-08
    Information Cultures in the Digital Age.Matthew Kelly & Jared Bielby (eds.) - 2016 - Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS.
    For several decades Rafael Capurro has been at the forefront of defining the relationship between information and modernity through both phenomenological and ethical formulations. In exploring both of these themes Capurro has re-vivified the transcultural and intercultural expressions of how we bring an understanding of information to bear on scientific knowledge production and intermediation. Capurro has long stressed the need to look deeply into how we contextualize the information problems that scientific society creates for us and to re-incorporate a pragmatic (...)
  12. added 2018-03-29
    The Ethics of Cloud Computing.Boudewijn de Bruin & Luciano Floridi - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (1):21-39.
    Cloud computing is rapidly gaining traction in business. It offers businesses online services on demand (such as Gmail, iCloud and Salesforce) and allows them to cut costs on hardware and IT support. This is the first paper in business ethics dealing with this new technology. It analyzes the informational duties of hosting companies that own and operate cloud computing datacenters (e.g., Amazon). It considers the cloud services providers leasing ‘space in the cloud’ from hosting companies (e.g, Dropbox, Salesforce). And it (...)
  13. added 2018-03-29
    'Information as a Condition of Justice in Financial Markets: The Regulation of Credit-Rating Agencies.Boudewijn De Bruin - 2017 - In Lisa Maria Herzog (ed.), Just Financial Markets? Finance in a Just Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 250-270.
    This chapter argues for deregulation of the credit-rating market. Credit-rating agencies are supposed to contribute to the informational needs of investors trading bonds. They provide ratings of debt issued by corporations and governments, as well as of structured debt instruments (e.g. mortgage-backed securities). As many academics, regulators, and commentators have pointed out, the ratings of structured instruments turned out to be highly inaccurate, and, as a result, they have argued for tighter regulation of the industry. This chapter shows, however, that (...)
  14. added 2018-03-19
    Against Nature: The Metaphysics of Information Systems.David Kreps - 2018 - London, UK: Routledge.
    Against Nature – Chapter Abstracts Chapter 1. A Transdisciplinary Approach. In this short book you will find philosophy – metaphysical and political - economics, critical theory, complexity theory, ecology, sociology, journalism, and much else besides, along with the signposts and reference texts of the Information Systems field. Such transdisciplinarity is a challenge for both author and reader. Such books are often problematic: sections that are just old hat to one audience are by contrast completely new and difficult to another. My (...)
  15. added 2018-03-05
    Mind the Gap! How the Digital Turn Upsets Intellectual Property.Constantin Vică & Emanuel-Mihail Socaciu - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (1):247-264.
    Intellectual property is one of the highly divisive issues in contemporary philosophical and political debates. The main objective of this paper is to explore some sources of tension between the formal rules of intellectual property (particularly copyright and patents) and the emerging informal norms of file sharing and open access in online environments. We look into the file sharing phenomena not only to illustrate the deepening gap between the two sets of norms, but to cast some doubt on the current (...)
  16. added 2018-02-17
    A Logic of Ethical Information.Joseph E. Brenner - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):109-133.
    The work of Luciano Floridi lies at the interface of philosophy, information science and technology, and ethics, an intersection whose existence and significance he was one of the first to establish. His closely related concepts of a philosophy of information, informational structural realism, information logic, and information ethics provide a new ontological perspective from which moral concerns can be addressed, especially but not limited to those arising in connection with the new information and communication technologies. In this paper, I relate (...)
  17. added 2017-12-06
    Informação, conhecimento e modelos.Marcos Antonio Alves, Daniel Martínez-Ávila & Maria Cláudia Cabrini Gracio (eds.) - 2017 - Campinas-Marília/Brasil: Coleção CLE-Unicamp/Cultura Acadêmica-UNESP.
    We are in the information age. Nowadays, the information is a high power commodity. Your domain and handling have high economic, political, social value. However, we still know little about it. What is the information? How do we store it, retrieve it and manipulate it? Everyone have or should have equal access to information? What is the relationship between information and knowledge? How can both influence and be influenced by the action? Can they are modeled? The models can contribute to (...)
  18. added 2017-11-17
    How Will They Write?J. -L. Lebrave - 2002 - Diogenes 49 (196):126-132.
  19. added 2017-10-16
    Ethical Aspects of Information Technology, by Richard A. Spinello. [REVIEW]Edmund F. Byrne - 1988 - Teaching Philosophy 21 (2):198-200.
  20. added 2017-09-10
    The Meaning of ‘Other’ in Classifications: Formal Methods Meet Artistic Research.Patrick Allo - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (4):541-545.
    This commentary is a reflection on a collaboration with the artist Rossella Biscotti and comments on how artistic research and logico-mathematical methods can be used to contribute to the development of critical perspectives on contemporary data practices.
  21. added 2017-08-01
    The Ethical Implications of Personal Health Monitoring.Brent Mittelstadt - 2014 - International Journal of Technoethics 5 (2):37-60.
    Personal Health Monitoring (PHM) uses electronic devices which monitor and record health-related data outside a hospital, usually within the home. This paper examines the ethical issues raised by PHM. Eight themes describing the ethical implications of PHM are identified through a review of 68 academic articles concerning PHM. The identified themes include privacy, autonomy, obtrusiveness and visibility, stigma and identity, medicalisation, social isolation, delivery of care, and safety and technological need. The issues around each of these are discussed. The system (...)
  22. added 2017-07-14
    Comparative Philosophies in Intercultural Information Ethics.Bielby Jared - 2015 - Confluence 2:233-253.
    The following review explores Intercultural Information Ethics in terms of comparative philosophy, supporting IIE as the most relevant and significant development of the field of Information Ethics. The focus of the review is threefold. First, it will review the core presumption of the field of IIE, that being the demand for an intermission in the pursuit of a founding philosophy for IE in order to first address the philosophical biases of IE by western philosophy. Second, a history of the various (...)
  23. added 2017-02-16
    The Philosophical Library.Rick Lewis - 2014 - Philosophy Now 103:22-22.
  24. added 2017-02-15
    Philosophy, Computing and Information Science.Ruth Hagengruber & Uwe Riss (eds.) - 2014 - Chatto & Pickering.
    Over the last four decades computers and the internet have become an intrinsic part of all our lives, but this speed of development has left related philosophical enquiry behind. Featuring the work of computer scientists and philosophers, these essays provide an overview of an exciting new area of philosophy that is still taking shape.
  25. added 2017-02-15
    To Libraries with Love. The Library-Information Policy of Bulgaria 1989-2013. (A Collections of Papers, Projects and Articles). [REVIEW]Alexander Dimchev & Александър Димчев - unknown
    In Place of an Introduction – a Brief Confession and a Token of Gratitude Happiness is something very relative. It has different dimensions with respect to different people. And it has to do with different values. To the compiler of this collection, happiness is synonymous with three institutions that have given him a chance in this world. These are his family, “St. Kliment Ohridski” Sofi a University and libraries. It is our relatives and our profession that give a meaning to (...)
  26. added 2017-02-15
    John Anthony Chaldecott.Lance Day - 1999 - British Journal for the History of Science 32 (3):343-344.
    It is with deep regret that we record the death of John Anthony Chaldecott on 2 May 1998 at the age of 82. He was a founder member of the BSHS and served as Honorary Secretary and as President.After graduating in physics at London University, John took up teaching and lecturing, but this was interrupted by war service in the RAF Meteorological Branch. In the fighting in the Netherlands, he was mentioned in despatches. In 1949, he joined the Science Museum (...)
  27. added 2017-02-15
    Information and the Ethics of Information Control in Science.M. Solomon - 1996 - Perspectives on Science 4:195-206.
  28. added 2017-02-15
    Librarians in Search of Science and Identity: The Elusive Profession. [REVIEW]Denis Gaffney - 1989 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 10 (3):301-302.
  29. added 2017-02-15
    Early Science at the Newberry Library: An Introduction.Jean Gottlieb - 1986 - British Journal for the History of Science 19 (3):323-330.
    The Newberry Library of Chicago is an independent history and humanities research library. Its 1.5 million printed books and 4500 linear feet of manuscripts on European and American history, English and American literature, travel and discovery in the New World, and music were, until recently, not thought to include much material on the sciences. A search of the card catalogue has already yielded over 1500 scientific titles, with the likelihood that 700–1000 more will be found, scattered among the Library's collections.
  30. added 2017-02-15
    Anthropology and New Ethics in Tomorrow's Information Society.G. Hummel - 1986 - Dialectics and Humanism 13 (1):131-141.
  31. added 2017-02-15
    Resources for the History of Science in the Science Museum Library.L. R. Day - 1985 - British Journal for the History of Science 18 (1):71-76.
    The basic guidelines for the Science Museum Library, which determine the nature of the collections and the ways they are placed at the service of the public, were stated in the Government White Paper on the British Library of 1971: ‘The Library will be developed both as a reference library of the history of science and technology and for the provision of specialist services for the staff of the Science Museum’.
  32. added 2017-02-14
    On Teaching Information.Roy Gladstone - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
  33. added 2017-02-14
    Humanities and Technology in the Information Age.C. Davidson - 2010 - In Julie Thompson Klein & Carl Mitcham (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. Oxford University Press.
  34. added 2017-02-14
    Technology, Social Revolution and the Information Age.Mark Poster & M. A. Y. Christopher - 2006 - Historical Materialism 14 (1):311-325.
  35. added 2017-02-14
    Library.S. Cubitt - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):581-590.
    The modern library derives from a vision of public service developed in the 19th century. At various times in the past a commercial service, an educational resource, a religious domain and a political institution, the library today exists in various forms, including all these but in addition the professional libraries held by law firms and scientific or technological associations, multimedia lending libraries and certain areas of the world-wide web.
  36. added 2017-02-14
    Some Ideas on Constitutive Ethics for Information and Communication Technologies.Frances Grundy - 2005 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 3 (4):173-178.
  37. added 2017-02-14
    Information Technology and World Politics.K. Jakobs - 2003 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 16 (2):143-143.
  38. added 2017-02-14
    Information Technology and Cyberspace.D. Pullinger - 2003 - The Australasian Catholic Record 80 (2):266-266.
  39. added 2017-02-14
    Theory of Activity and Information Technology.O. K. Thikomirov - 1999 - In Yrjö Engeström, Reijo Miettinen & Raija-Leena Punamäki-Gitai (eds.), Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press. pp. 377--404.
  40. added 2017-02-14
    Librarians in Search of Science and Identity: The Elusive Profession.George E. Bennett - 1990 - Scarecrow Press.
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
  41. added 2017-02-14
    Apq Library of Philosophy.Brian Ellis, Hugh Lehman, Nicholas Rescher & John Leslie - 1977 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 6 (2).
  42. added 2017-02-13
    The Status of Library Science: From Classification to Digitalization.Arto Siitonen - 2013 - In Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao González, Thomas Uebel & Gregory Wheeler (eds.), New Challenges to Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 275--286.
  43. added 2017-02-13
    The Personal Library as Doppelg�Nger: From "Our Library" to "My Library".Eric de Bellaigue - 2007 - Logos 18 (2):75-81.
  44. added 2017-02-13
    Controversies of Information Discovery.Ian Hargraves - 2007 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 20 (2):83-90.
  45. added 2017-02-13
    Study on Information Technology, Automation, and the Workplace.Office of Technology Assessment - 1982 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 12 (1):35-40.
  46. added 2017-02-12
    The Library and the CMS: Establishing Library Presence in Sakai Writing Course Sites.Karen Lunsford - unknown
  47. added 2017-02-12
    Plato, Judaism, Kant and Information Technology.Richard A. Cohen - 2008 - International Review of Information Ethics 9:08.
    Plato’s two complaints in the Phaedrus about the new technology of writing, namely, that reliance upon it leads to forgetfulness and fosters intellectual misunderstanding, which are here taken equally to be relevant. Possible complaints about contemporary information technology, are examined and assessed, in themselves and in relation to Jewish rabbinic exegetical tradition and in relation to Immanuel Kant’s positive claims for text based religions in Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone.
  48. added 2017-02-12
    Information Integrity in Africa: Exploring Information Corruption Issues.Marsha Woodbury - 2007 - International Review of Information Ethics 7:09.
    This paper examines information integrity, with the premise that sound, dependable information enhances the values of the entire society. Several issues about information integrity of great concern to Africa are access to information, the right of individuals to correct records that are erroneous, accurate and culturally appropriate translations, and the standard of freedom of the press. The basis for this paper is human rights doctrine largely embodied in the ethical principals of the international informatics community.
  49. added 2017-02-12
    World Librarians in Conclave: IFLA's Long Pursuit of Common Causes.Maurice B. Line - 1997 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 8 (2):123-128.
  50. added 2017-02-11
    A Critique of Information Ethics.Tony Doyle - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):163-175.
    Luciano Floridi presents Information Ethics (IE) as an alternative to traditional moral theories. IE consists of two tenets. First, reality can be interpreted at numerous, mutually consistent levels of abstraction, the highest of which is information. This level, unlike the others, applies to all of reality. Second, everything, insofar as it is an information object, has some degree of intrinsic value and hence moral dignity. I criticize IE, arguing that Floridi fails to show that the moral community should be expanded (...)
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