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  1. Modal Insurance: Probabilities, Risk, and Degrees of Luck.Evan Malone - forthcoming - Southwest Philosophical Studies.
    Many widely divergent accounts of luck have been offered or employed in discussing an equally wide range of philosophical topics. We should, then, expect to find some unified philosophical conception of luck of which moral luck, epistemic luck, and luck egalitarianism are species. One of the attempts to provide such an account is that offered by Duncan Pritchard, which he refers to as the modal account. This view commits us to calling an event lucky when it obtains in this world, (...)
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  2. From Values to Probabilities.Wlodek Rabinowicz - 2017 - Synthese 194 (10):3901-3929.
    According to the fitting-attitude analysis of value , to be valuable is to be a fitting object of a pro-attitude. In earlier publications, setting off from this format of analysis, I proposed a modelling of value relations which makes room for incommensurability in value. In this paper, I first recapitulate the value modelling and then move on to suggest adopting a structurally similar analysis of probability. Indeed, many probability theorists from Poisson onwards did adopt an analysis of this kind. This (...)
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  3. Vague Credence.Aidan Lyon - 2017 - Synthese 194 (10):3931-3954.
    It is natural to think of precise probabilities as being special cases of imprecise probabilities, the special case being when one’s lower and upper probabilities are equal. I argue, however, that it is better to think of the two models as representing two different aspects of our credences, which are often vague to some degree. I show that by combining the two models into one model, and understanding that model as a model of vague credence, a natural interpretation arises that (...)
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  4. A Theory of Physical Probability.Richard Johns (ed.) - 2002 - University of Toronto Press.
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  5. Chance and Probability in Poincaré’s Epistemology.Jacintho Del Vecchio Junior - 2016 - Philosophia Scientae 20:177-196.
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  6. Probability. [REVIEW]Mauricio Suárez - 2011 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 26 (1):99-103.
  7. The Enterprise of Knowledge: An Essay on Knowledge, Credal Probability, and Chance.Mark Kaplan & Isaac Levi - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (2):310.
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  8. An Objective Theory of Probability.Mark Pastin & D. A. Gillies - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (2):270.
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  9. III.—The Philosophy of Probability.Arthur Boutwood - 1902 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 2 (1):74-104.
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  10. XIII.—The Philosophy of Probability.A. Wolf - 1913 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 13 (1):328-361.
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  11. Probability and Statistics in Historical PerspectiveThe Probabilistic Revolution. Volume I: Ideas in History. Lorenz Kruger, Lorraine J. Daston, Michael HeidelbergerThe Probabilistic Revolution. Volume II: Ideas in Science. Lorenz Kruger, Gerd Gigerenzer, Mary S. MorganClassical Probability in the Enlightenment. Lorraine J. Daston. [REVIEW]Donald MacKenzie - 1989 - Isis 80 (1):116-124.
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  12. Subjective Probabilities Inferred From Decisions.Ward Edwards - 1962 - Psychological Review 69 (2):109-135.
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  13. The Probability Approach and Nomothetic Theory.Leo Postman - 1955 - Psychological Review 62 (3):218-225.
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  14. Probability in the Philosophy of Religion.Dave Leal - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (264):652-655.
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  15. Group Level Interpretations of Probability : New Directions.Darrell Patrick Rowbottom - unknown
    In this article, I present some new group level interpretations of probability, and champion one in particular: a consensus-based variant where group degrees of belief are construed as agreed upon betting quotients rather than shared personal degrees of belief. One notable feature of the account is that it allows us to treat consensus between experts on some matter as being on the union of their relevant background information. In the course of the discussion, I also introduce a novel distinction between (...)
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  16. Availability: A Heuristic for Judging Frequency and Probability.Amos Tversky & Daniel Kahneman - 1973 - Cognitive Psychology 5 (2):207-232.
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  17. Johannes von Kries’s Objective Probability as a Semi-Classical Concept. Prehistory, Preconditions and Problems of a Progressive Idea.Helmut Pulte - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):109-129.
    Johannes von Kries’s Spielraum-theory is regarded as one of the most important philosophical contributions of the nineteenth century to an objective interpretation of probability. This paper aims at a critical and contextual analysis of von Kries’s approach: It is contextual insofar as it reconstructs the Spielraum-theory in the historical setting that formed his scientific and philosophical outlook. It is critical insofar as it unfolds systematic tensions and inconsistencies which are rooted in this context, especially in the grave change of mechanism (...)
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  18. The Rise of Modern Probability Theory.S. L. Zabell - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (1):109-116.
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  19. Trends in the Philosophy of Probability.Matthias Hild - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (3):419-422.
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  20. Subjective Probability Assessments of the Incidence of Unethical Behavior: The Importance of Scenario-Respondent Fit.Darlene Bay & Alexey Nikitkov - 2011 - Business Ethics: A European Review 20 (1):1-11.
  21. Probability in GRW Theory.Roman Frigg & Carl Hoefer - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (2):371-389.
    GRW Theory postulates a stochastic mechanism assuring that every so often the wave function of a quantum system is `hit', which leaves it in a localised state. How are we to interpret the probabilities built into this mechanism? GRW theory is a firmly realist proposal and it is therefore clear that these probabilities are objective probabilities (i.e. chances). A discussion of the major theories of chance leads us to the conclusion that GRW probabilities can be understood only as either single (...)
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  22. The Emergence and Interpretation of Probability in Bohmian Mechanics.Craig Callender - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (2):351-370.
    A persistent question about the deBroglie–Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics concerns the understanding of Born’s rule in the theory. Where do the quantum mechanical probabilities come from? How are they to be interpreted? These are the problems of emergence and interpretation. In more than 50 years no consensus regarding the answers has been achieved. Indeed, mirroring the foundational disputes in statistical mechanics, the answers to each question are surprisingly diverse. This paper is an opinionated survey of this literature. While acknowledging (...)
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  23. Decisions Without Sharp Probabilities.Paul Weirich - 2015 - Philosophia Scientae 19:213-225.
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  24. The Concept of Probability in the Mathematical Representation of Reality.Hans Reichenbach - 2008 - Open Court: La Salle.
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  25. Probability: Theory and Examples.Rick Durrett - 2005 - Thomson.
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  26. Probability Theory: The Logic of Science.Edwin T. Jaynes - 2003 - Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
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  27. Philosophical Theories of Probability.Donald Gillies - 2000 - Routledge.
    The Twentieth Century has seen a dramatic rise in the use of probability and statistics in almost all fields of research. This has stimulated many new philosophical ideas on probability. _Philosophical Theories of Probability_ is the first book to present a clear, comprehensive and systematic account of these various theories and to explain how they relate to one another. Gillies also offers a distinctive version of the propensity theory of probability, and the intersubjective interpretation, which develops the subjective theory.
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  28. The World According to De Finetti.Joseph Berkovitz - unknown
    Bruno de Finetti is one of the founding fathers of the subjectivist school of probability, where probabilities are interpreted as rational degrees of belief. His work on the relation between the theorems of probability and rationality is among the corner stones of modern subjective probability theory. De Finetti maintained that rationality requires that degrees of belief be coherent, and he argued that the whole of probability theory could be derived from these coherence conditions. De Finetti’s interpretation of probability has been (...)
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  29. History of the Modern Probability Philosophy.Seifedine Kadry - 2014 - Open Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):130-133.
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  30. Probability.Darrell Patrick Rowbottom - 2015 - Polity.
    When a doctor tells you there’s a one percent chance that an operation will result in your death, or a scientist claims that his theory is probably true, what exactly does that mean? Understanding probability is clearly very important, if we are to make good theoretical and practical choices. In this engaging and highly accessible introduction to the philosophy of probability, Darrell Rowbottom takes the reader on a journey through all the major interpretations of probability, with reference to real–world situations. (...)
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  31. Probability, Objectivity, and Induction.Arnold Baise - 2013 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 13 (2):81-95.
    The main purpose of this article is to use Ayn Rand’s analysis of the meaning of objectivity to clarify the much-discussed question of whether probability is “objective” or “subjective.” This results in a classification of probability theories as frequentist, subjective Bayesian, or objective Bayesian. The work of objective Bayesian E. T. Jaynes is emphasized, and is used to provide a formal definition of probability. The relation between probability and induction is covered briefly, with probability theory presented as the basis of (...)
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  32. History, Ethics, and Emergent Probability.Kenneth Melchin - unknown - Lonergan Workshop 7:269-294.
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  33. Symposium on Probability, Part I.A. H. Kattsoff - 1944 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 5:449.
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  34. ILLIES, D. A.: "An Objective Theory of Probability". [REVIEW]David Miller - 1976 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 27:292.
  35. Richard Johns, A Theory of Physical Probability. [REVIEW]Claus Beisbart - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24:34-36.
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  36. Language as Choice and Chance.G. Herdan - 1958 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 18 (4):565-565.
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  37. Human Motivation: Probability and Meaning.Fred T. Schreier - 1958 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 19 (2):258-258.
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  38. ANKIN, K. W.: "Choice and Chance". [REVIEW]R. L. Franklin - 1962 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 40:97.
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  39. Some Psychological Implications of Tolerance in the Philosophy of Probability.L. Jonathan Cohen - 1984 - Epistemologia 7:213.
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  40. Frequency and Probability in the Natural Sciences.Giuseppe Del Re - 1984 - Epistemologia 7:75.
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  41. Frequency Theory of Probability and Single Events.Mauro Dorato - 1987 - Epistemologia 10 (2):323.
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  42. RANKIN, K. W.-"Choice and Chance". [REVIEW]A. R. Lacey - 1963 - Philosophy 38:188.
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  43. Subjective Probability: The Real Thing. [REVIEW]Matthias Hild - 2006 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 12:228-230.
  44. Carnap and Reichenbach on Probability with Neurath the Winner.Keith Lehrer - 1993 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 1:143-155.
    Carnap and Reichenbach made extraordinary contributions to our understanding of the foundations of probability.1 Each of them provided a precise logical and mathematical analysis of probability that satisfied the formal calculus of probability. Reichenbach’s theory of probability analysed probability as the limit of relative frequency, while Carnap’s theory of probability explicated probability as a degree of logical connection. Carnap articulated his account of the foundations of probability by insisting that there were two concepts of probability, his own, probability one, and (...)
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  45. How to Solve Probability Teasers-Discussion.M. Barhillel - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (2):348-358.
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  46. Lorraine Daston, Classical Probability in the Enlightenment.P. Henderson - 1999 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (2):83-83.
  47. On the Character of Statistical-Mechanical Probabilities'.D. Albert - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64.
  48. Richard Johns, A Theory of Physical Probability Reviewed By.Claus Beisbart - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (1):34-36.
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  49. When Speaking of Probability in Behavior Analysis.Lisa M. Johnson & Edward K. Morris - 1987 - Behaviorism 15 (2):107-129.
    Probability is not an unambiguous concept within the sciences or in vernacular language, yet it is fundamental to much of behavior analysis. The present paper examines some problems this ambiguity creates in general,as well as within the experimental analysis of behavior, in particular. As background material, we first introduce the three most common theories of probability in mathematics and science, discussing their advantages and disadvantages, and their relevance to behavior analysis. Next, we discuss the concept of probability as encountered in (...)
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  50. An Objective Theory of Probability (Routledge Revivals).Donald Gillies - 2010 - Routledge.
    This reissue of D. A. Gillies highly influential work, first published in 1973, is a philosophical theory of probability which seeks to develop von Mises’ views on the subject. In agreement with von Mises, the author regards probability theory as a mathematical science like mechanics or electrodynamics, and probability as an objective, measurable concept like force, mass or charge. On the other hand, Dr Gillies rejects von Mises’ definition of probability in terms of limiting frequency and claims that probability should (...)
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