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1 — 50 / 969
  1. added 2018-10-10
    [REVIEW] Tamás Demeter, David Hume and the Culture of Scottish Newtonianism: Methodology and Ideology in Enlightenment Inquiry, Boston: Brill, 2016. [REVIEW]Matias Kimi Slavov - 2017 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 6 (1):207-212.
    Up till this day one cannot find much scholarship which situates Hume in the context of early modern natural philosophy. Tamás Demeter's new book, David Hume and the Culture of Scottish Newtonianism, does a spectacular job in filling this gap. His monograph is the most comprehensive pursuit to understand Hume's place in the Newtonian tradition of natural philosophy. Demeter specifies Hume's place both in the context of Newtonian moral philosophy and Newtonian chemistry and physiology.
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  2. added 2018-10-08
    Goethe Contra Newton.Joseph J. Kockelmans - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (4):853-855.
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  3. added 2018-09-19
    There Is No Conspiracy of Inertia.Ryan Samaroo - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (4):957-982.
    I examine two claims that arise in Brown’s account of inertial motion. Brown claims there is something objectionable about the way in which the motions of free particles in Newtonian theory and special relativity are coordinated. Brown also claims that since a geodesic principle can be derived in Einsteinian gravitation, the objectionable feature is explained away. I argue that there is nothing objectionable about inertia and that while the theorems that motivate Brown’s second claim can be said to figure in (...)
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  4. added 2018-09-19
    Friedman׳s Thesis.Ryan Samaroo - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 52 (Part B):129-138.
    This essay examines Friedman's recent approach to the analysis of physical theories. Friedman argues against Quine that the identification of certain principles as ‘constitutive’ is essential to a satisfactory methodological analysis of physics. I explicate Friedman's characterization of a constitutive principle, and I evaluate his account of the constitutive principles that Newtonian and Einsteinian gravitation presuppose for their formulation. I argue that something close to Friedman's thesis is defensible.
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  5. added 2018-08-27
    Newton y la ciencia del hombre de David Hume.Alejandro Ordieres - 2015 - Philosophica 2015 (47-48):93-117.
    The Treatise of Human Nature finds its full meaning in the interpretative cultural environment in which it was written. This article aims to point out the strong influence that the Newtonian system exerted in the young Hume and how the rejection of hidden causes and the search for an observable common cause are the guide that inspires Hume to look for the principles of the science of man denying, therefore, an a priori access to universal truths, establishing the scientific observation (...)
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  6. added 2018-08-22
    Hypotheses in Newton's Philosophy.I. Bernard Cohen - 1969 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 5:304-326.
  7. added 2018-08-15
    Some Disputed Aspects of Inertia, with Particular Reference to the Equivalence Principle.Ryan Samaroo - 2013 - Dissertation, The University of Western Ontario
    This thesis is a contribution to the foundations of space-time theories. It examines the proper understanding of the Newtonian and 1905 inertial frame concepts and the critical analysis of these concepts that was motivated by the equivalence principle. This is the hypothesis that it is impossible to distinguish locally between a homogeneous gravitational field and a uniformly accelerated frame. The three essays that comprise this thesis address, in one way or another, the criteria through which the inertial frame concepts are (...)
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  8. added 2018-07-17
    The Janus Faces of Genius: The Role of Alchemy in Newton's Thought.Betty Jo Teeter Dobbs - 1991 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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  9. added 2018-06-28
    Zweierlei Raum. Über die Differenz von lebensweltlichen und physikalischen Vorstellungen.Gregor Schiemann - 2006 - In E. Uhl & M. Ott (eds.), Denken des Raums in Zeiten der Globalisierung. LIT Verlag.
    Lebenswelt und Physik stehen nicht nur unverkennbar miteinander in Beziehung, sondern prägen jeweils auch eigenständig die Struktur moderner Gesellschaften. Während die Lebenswelt mit ihrem traditionellen Bezug auf unmittelbare Wahrnehmungs- und Handlungsformen immer noch die lokale Reproduktion bestimmt, begründen physikalische Verfahren und Erkenntnisse die materiellen Techniken der globalisierten Zivilisation. Den Abstand von Lebenswelt und Physik, wie die zwischen ihnen bestehenden Beziehungen, möchte ich an den für sie typischen Raumbegriffen erläutern. Meine These ist, dass jedenfalls einige Raumbegriffe der modernen Physik den lebensweltlichen (...)
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  10. added 2018-05-30
    Introduction to Newton and Empiricism.Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser - 2014 - In Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Newton and Empiricism. Oxford University Press. pp. 1-15.
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  11. added 2018-05-29
    Susanna Newcome's Cosmological Argument.Patrick J. Connolly - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-18.
    Despite its philosophical interest, Susanna Newcome’s Enquiry Into the Evidence of the Christian Religion (1728, revised 1732) has received little attention from commentators. This paper seeks to redress this oversight by offering a reconstruction of Newcome’s innovative argument for God’s existence. Newcome employs a cosmological argument that differs from Thomist and kalām version of the argument. Specifically, Newcome challenges that idea that the causal chains observed in nature can exist independently. She does this through an appeal to findings from Newtonian (...)
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  12. added 2018-05-29
    Newton's Regulae Philosophandi.Zvi Biener - 2018 - In Chris Smeenk & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Isaac Newton. Oxford University Press.
    Newton’s Regulae philosophandi—the rules for reasoning in natural philosophy—are maxims of causal reasoning and induction. This essay reviews their significance for Newton’s method of inquiry, as well as their application to particular propositions within the Principia. Two main claims emerge. First, the rules are not only interrelated, they defend various facets of the same core idea: that nature is simple and orderly by divine decree, and that, consequently, human beings can be justified in inferring universal causes from limited phenomena, if (...)
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  13. added 2018-05-29
    The Certainty, Modality, and Grounding of Newton’s Laws.Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser - 2017 - The Monist 100 (3):311-325.
    Newton began his Principia with three Axiomata sive Leges Motus. We offer an interpretation of Newton’s dual label and investigate two tensions inherent in his account of laws. The first arises from the juxtaposition of Newton’s confidence in the certainty of his laws and his commitment to their variability and contingency. The second arises because Newton ascribes fundamental status both to the laws and to the bodies and forces they govern. We argue the first is resolvable, but the second is (...)
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  14. added 2018-05-29
    Isaac Newton (1642–1727).Zvi Biener - 2017 - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Isaac Newton is best known as a mathematician and physicist. He invented the calculus, discovered universal gravitation and made significant advances in theoretical and experimental optics. His master-work on gravitation, the Principia, is often hailed as the crowning achievement of the scientific revolution. His significance for philosophers, however, extends beyond the philosophical implications of his scientific discoveries. Newton was an able and subtle philosopher, working at a time when science was not yet recognized as an activity distinct from philosophy. He (...)
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  15. added 2018-05-29
    Newton and the Ideal of Exegetical Success.Zvi Biener - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:82-87.
    Review Essay of ‘Isaac Newton’s Scientific Method’ by William L. Harper.
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  16. added 2018-03-09
    Newton and Leibniz on Non-Substantival Space.Alejandro Cassini - 2005 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 20 (1):25-43.
    According to their own concepts of substance, both Newton’s and Leibniz’ spaces are not substantival. The reason of that consists in the fact that space is not capable of action. However, space is relational because their parts are individuated only by means of their mutual relations.
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  17. added 2018-02-17
    Understanding Newton’s Argument for Universal Gravitation.Steffen Ducheyne - 2009 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (2):227-258.
    In this essay, I attempt to assess Henk de Regt and Dennis Dieks recent pragmatic and contextual account of scientific understanding on the basis of an important historical case-study: understanding in Newton's theory of universal gravitation and Huygens' reception of universal gravitation. It will be shown that de Regt and Dieks' Criterion for the Intelligibility of a Theory, which stipulates that the appropriate combination of scientists' skills and intelligibility-enhancing theoretical virtues is a condition for scientific understanding, is too strong. On (...)
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  18. added 2018-02-17
    Do Newton’s Rules of Reasoning Guarantee Truth … Must They?Quayshawn Spencer - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (4):759-782.
    Newton’s Principia introduces four rules of reasoning for natural philosophy. Although useful, there is a concern about whether Newton’s rules guarantee truth. After redirecting the discussion from truth to validity, I show that these rules are valid insofar as they fulfill Goodman’s criteria for inductive rules and Newton’s own methodological program of experimental philosophy; provided that cross-checks are used prior to applications of rule 4 and immediately after applications of rule 2 the following activities are pursued: (1) research addressing observations (...)
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  19. added 2018-02-17
    Newton's Scholium Generale: The Platonic and Stoic Legacy — Philo, Justus Lipsius and the Cambridge Platonists.Rudolf De Smet & Karin Verelst - 2001 - History of Science 39 (1):1-30.
  20. added 2018-02-17
    Space, Atoms and Mathematical Divisibility in Newton.Andrew Janiak - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (2):203-230.
  21. added 2018-02-02
    A Relação entre as Hipóteses e o Papel de Deus na Doutrina Newtoniana.Diego Aurino da Silva & Luiz O. Q. Peduzzi - 2012 - Temas de História E Filosofia da Ciência No Ensino.
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  22. added 2018-01-10
    Emilie du Châtelet Between Leibniz and Newton.Karen Detlefsen - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (1):207-209.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 21, Issue 1, Page 207-209, January 2013.
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  23. added 2018-01-10
    Ruth Hagengruber, Ed. , Emilie du Châtelet Between Newton and Leibniz . Reviewed By.Stephen Gaukroger - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (4):273-274.
  24. added 2018-01-10
    Emilie du Châtelet Between Leibniz and Newton.Dr Ruth Hagengruber (ed.) - 2012 - Dordrecht: Springer.
  25. added 2017-12-31
    Newton e a Teologia Natural.William de Siqueira Piauí - 2009 - Kalagatos 6 (11):173-199.
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  26. added 2017-11-23
    Contemporary Newtonian Research.P. M. Harman - 1986 - International Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):65-66.
  27. added 2017-10-27
    Pieter van Musschenbroek on Laws of Nature.Steffen Ducheyne & Pieter Present - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Science 50 (4):637-656.
    In this article, we discuss the development of the concept of a ‘law’ (of nature) in the work of the Dutch natural philosopher and experimenter Petrus van Musschenbroek (1692–1761). Since Van Musschenbroek is commonly described as one of the first ‘Newtonians’ on the Continent in the secondary literature, we focus more specifically on its relation to Newton’s views on this issue. Although he was certainly indebted to Newton for his thinking on laws (of nature), Van Musschenbroek’s views can be seen (...)
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  28. added 2017-05-06
    The Life of Isaac Newton.Richard S. Westfall - 1993 - Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
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  29. added 2017-02-15
    Alfred Rupert Hall and Marie Boas Hall.J. Field - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Science 43 (1):99-103.
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  30. added 2017-02-15
    Interview with A. Rupert Hall'.Scott Mandelbrote - 1994 - Metascience 3:64-84.
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  31. added 2017-02-15
    The Forge and the Crucible: The Origins and Structure of Alchemy.Mircea Eliade - 1979 - University of Chicago Press.
    The new edition of The Forge and the Crucible contains an updated appendix, in which Eliade lists works on Chinese alchemy published in the past few years. He also discusses the importance of alchemy in Newton's scientific evolution.
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  32. added 2017-02-14
    Sociology, Narrative, and the Quality Versus Quantity Debate : Can Computer-Assisted Story Grammars Help Us Understand the Rise of Italian Fascism ?Roberto Franzosi - 2010 - Theory and Society 39 (6):593-629.
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  33. added 2017-02-14
    The Treatment of the Motion of a Simple Pendulum in Some Early 18th Century Newtonian Textbooks.Colin Gauld - 2004 - Science & Education 13 (4-5):321-332.
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  34. added 2017-02-14
    Le Rôle de Dieu Dans l'Œuvre Scientifique Et Philosophique de Christiaan Huygens / The Role of God in Christiaan Huygens' Scientific and Philosophical Works.Gianfranco Mormino - 2003 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 56 (1):113-133.
  35. added 2017-02-14
    From the Phenomenon of the Ellipse to an Inverse-Square Force: Why Not?George E. Smith - 2002 - In David B. Malament (ed.), Reading Natural Philosophy: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics. Open Court. pp. 31--70.
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  36. added 2017-02-14
    Dennis L. Sepper, Goethe Contra Newton: Polemics and the Project for a New Science of Color Reviewed By.Roger Smook - 1989 - Philosophy in Review 9 (12):498-501.
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  37. added 2017-02-13
    William Harper, Bryce Hemsley Bennett.Sreeram Valluri - 1994 - In Dag Prawitz & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Science in Uppsala. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 131.
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  38. added 2017-02-13
    Space and Time Contexts of the Social Form of the Motion of Matter.M. Kroh - 1986 - Filosoficky Casopis 34 (3):350-365.
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  39. added 2017-02-12
    Newton's Absolute Time.H. Kochiras - 2016 - In S. Gerogiorgakis (ed.), Time and Tense: Unifying the Old and the New. Munich: Philosophia (Basic Philosophical Concepts). pp. 169-195.
    When Newton articulated the concept of absolute time in his treatise, Philosophae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy), along with its correlate, absolute space, he did not present it as anything controversial. Whereas his references to attraction are accompanied by the self- protective caveats that typically signal an expectation of censure, the Scholium following Principia’s definitions is free of such remarks, instead elaborating his ideas as clarifications of concepts that, in some manner, we already possess. This is not (...)
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  40. added 2017-02-12
    By Ye Divine Arm: God and Substance in De Gravitatione.Hylarie Kochiras - 2013 - Religious Studies 49 (3):327-356.
    This article interprets Newton's De gravitatione as presenting a reductive account of substance, on which divine and created substances are identified with their characteristic attributes, which are present in space. God is identical to the divine power to create, and mind to its characteristic power. Even bodies lack parts outside parts, for they are not constructed from regions of actual space, as some commentators suppose, but rather consist in powers alone, maintained in certain configurations by the divine will. This interpretation (...)
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  41. added 2017-02-12
    The Lens Production by Christiaan and Constantijn Huygens.Anne C. van Helden & Rob H. van Gent - 1999 - Annals of Science 56 (1):69-79.
    Ever since they began to take an interest in lens grinding, the brothers Christiaan and Constantijn Huygens searched for high-quality glass to turn in to lenses. Historical research in combination with optical measurements on preserved lenses has allowed the verificationof the lenses ground by the brothers, and also provided information on who helped them with the necessary knowledge and material.
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  42. added 2017-02-11
    Conference on Computability, Complexity and Randomness: Isaac Newton Institute, Cambridge, Uk July 2-6, 2012.Elvira Mayordomo & Wolfgang Merkle - forthcoming - Association for Symbolic Logic: The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic.
    Elvira Mayordomo and Wolfgang Merkle The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic, Volume 19, Issue 1, Page 135-136, March 2013.
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  43. added 2017-02-11
    Altered Reaching Following Adaptation to Optical Displacement of the Hand.Aglaia Efstathiou, Joseph Bauer & Martha Greene - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (1):113.
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  44. added 2017-02-11
    Transfer of Adaptation as a Function of Interpolated Optical Tilt to the Ipsilateral and Contralateral Eye.Sheldon M. Ebenholtz - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (2):263.
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  45. added 2017-02-09
    The Notebook.Katherine Power - 2006 - Philosophy Now 55:32-33.
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  46. added 2017-02-09
    An Inductive Latin Method, by William R. Harper, Ph. D., and Isaac B. Burgess, A. M. Ivison, Blakeman and Co., New York. 1888. Pp. Viii. 323.An Inductive Greek Method, by William R. Harper, Ph. D., and William E. Waters, Ph. D. Ivison, Blakeman and Co., New York, 1888. Pp. Viii. 355. [REVIEW]T. D. Goodall - 1890 - The Classical Review 4 (07):315-316.
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  47. added 2017-02-08
    The "Lectiones Geometricae" of Isaac Barrow.J. M. Child - 1916 - The Monist 26 (2):251-267.
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  48. added 2017-02-02
    Isaac Israeli.Leonard Levin - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  49. added 2017-02-01
    Newton's Idea and Practice of Unification.Steffen Ducheyne - unknown
    In this paper I try to capture Newton's notion and practice of unification (I will mainly focus on the Principia). I will use contemporary theories on unification in philosophy of science as analytic tools (Kitcher, Schurz and Salmon). I will argue that Salmon's later work on the topic provides a good starting point to characterize Newton's notion and practice. However, in order to fully grasp Newton's idea and practice of unification, Salmon's model needs to be fleshed out and extended.
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  50. added 2017-02-01
    Why I Am Afraid of Absolute Space.Adolf Grünbaum - 1971 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):96.
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