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  1. added 2019-08-23
    Singular Intellection in Medieval Commentaries on Aristotle’s De Anima.Ana María Mora-Márquez - 2019 - Vivarium 57 (3-4):293-316.
    Discussions about singular cognition, and its linguistic counterpart, are by no means exclusive to contemporary philosophy. In fact, a strikingly similar discussion, to which several medieval texts bear witness, took place in the late Middle Ages. The aim of this article is to partly reconstruct this medieval discussion, as it took place in Parisian question-commentaries on Aristotle’s De anima, so as to show the progression from the rejection of singular intellection in Siger of Brabant to the descriptivist positions of John (...)
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  2. added 2019-06-07
    Buridan’s Ass: Is There Wisdom in the Story?Sharon M. Kaye - 2005 - Dialogue and Universalism 15 (3-4):137-146.
    This paper discusses Buridan’s Ass as a thought experiment that has been misunderstood. First, the thought experiment is presented in its traditional form and typical objections to it are discussed. Then the author argues that William of Ockham supplies the background necessary for a more meaningful formulation. Buridan’s Ass is designed to show that each individual must choose how to value the value we discover in the world and that, in so doing, we create individual preferences.
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  3. added 2019-06-07
    Johannes Buridanus, Questiones Elencorum, ed. R. van der Lecq and H. A. G. Braakhuis. (Artistarium, 9.) Nijmegen: Ingenium, 1994. Paper. Pp. xxxviii, 153.Johannes Buridanus, Summulae in praedicamenta, ed. E. P. Bos. (Artistarium, 10/3.) Nijmegen: Ingenium, 1994. Paper. Pp. liv, 157; 1 diagram.Johannes Buridanus, Summulae de praedicabilibus, ed. L. M. de Rijk. (Artistarium, 10/2.) Nijmegen: Ingenium, 1995. Paper. Pp. xliv, 82; 1 diagram. [REVIEW]E. J. Ashworth - 1997 - Speculum 72 (4):1151-1153.
  4. added 2019-06-06
    John Mair on Semantic Paradoxes: Alethic and Correspondence Paradoxes II.Miroslav Hanke - 2012 - Studia Neoaristotelica 9 (2):154-183.
    John Mair was an influential post-medieval scholar. This paper focuses on his Tractatus insolubilium, in which he proposed semantic analysis of self-referential phenomena, in particular on his solution to alethic and correspondence paradoxes and his treatment of their general semantic aspects as well as particular applications. His solution to paradoxes is based on the so-called “network evaluation”, i.e. on a semantics which defines the concepts of truth and correspondence with reality in contextual terms. Consequently, the relation between semantic valuation, synonymy (...)
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  5. added 2019-06-06
    Three Anglo-Norman Treatises on Falconry. [REVIEW]Robin S. Oggins - 2011 - Speculum 86 (1):219-220.
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  6. added 2019-06-06
    John Buridan. By Gyula Klima, Edited by Brian Davies: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Jeffrey C. Witt - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (4):731-731.
  7. added 2019-06-06
    Prolegomena to a Study of John Buridan’s Physics.Johannes M. M. H. Thijssen - 2005 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 79 (3):493-502.
    After a brief sketch of the state of Buridan studies, this review article examines the recent study, by Benoît Patar, of a commentary on Aristotle’s Physics that is generally attributed to Albert of Saxony, but which Patar believes to have been authored by John Buridan. Patar is utterly convinced that the Bruges Quaestiones represent Buridan’s prima lectura, that is, his first course of lectures on the Physics, which preceded the two other redactions that are traditionally attributed to him. However, there (...)
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  8. added 2019-06-06
    The Parts of Prudence: Buridan, Odonis, Aquinas.Risto Saarinen - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (4):749-766.
    In Book VI, chaps. 9-11, of his Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle discusses practical wisdom, or prudence, in its relationship to eubulia, or good deliberation, and synesis, or good judgement, in regard to the results of deliberation. As a practical decision-making process which investigates the best means to reach a given end, and is thus concerned with particular actions, prudence employs both the deliberative and the judicative intellectual virtue. Thus, eubulia and synesis are not identical with prudence, but rather with its aspects (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    Paradoxes 3: Buridan's Ass: Clark Paradoxes.Michael Clark - 2003 - Think 1 (3):69-70.
    In this regular series, Michael Clark, editor of Analysis, presents some of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of Buridan's ass.
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  10. added 2019-06-06
    John Buridan: Portrait of a Fourteenth-Century Arts Master by Jack Zupko. [REVIEW]Carl N. Still - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (4):832-834.
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    John Buridan: Portrait of a Fourteenth-Century Arts Master. [REVIEW]Carl N. Still - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (4):832-834.
    There is a perception that among medieval philosophers John Buridan is one who, as he becomes better known, will be generally counted along with Abelard, Aquinas, Scotus, and Ockham as a philosopher of the first rank. Despite his being the most famous and influential philosopher of his time, Jack Zupko says that “the real impact of Buridan on western thought has yet to be appreciated”. As an editor, translator, and student of Buridan, Zupko is well suited to document this impact, (...)
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    Buridan’s Ass and Other Dilemmas: A Decision-Value Approach.Wesley Cooper & Guillermo Barron - 2000 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 7 (2/3):21-31.
    The dilemma confronted by Buridan’s Ass leads into a problem about nil-preference situations, to which there is a solution in the literature that is inspired by Alan Turing: we have evolved with a computational module in our brains that comes into play in such situations by picking a random action among the alternatives that detennines the subject’s choice. We relate these Buridan’s Ass situations to a larger, theoretically interesting category in which there is no alternative that is decisively superior to (...)
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  13. added 2019-06-06
    Weakness of the Will in Medieval Thought: From Augustine to Buridan.Risto Saarinen.Jeffrey Hause - 1996 - Speculum 71 (3):759-760.
    This volume examines the medieval understanding of Aristotle's "weakness of the will" . The medieval views are outlined on the basis of five major commentaries on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics between 1250 and 1350.
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  14. added 2019-06-06
    Gerhard Krieger, "Der Begriff der Praktischen Vernunft Nach Johannus Buridanus". [REVIEW]André Goddu - 1989 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (4):613.
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    Review: G. E. Hughes, John Buridan on Self-Reference. Chapter Eight of Buridan's Sophismata, with a Translation, an Introduction, and a Philosophical Commentary. [REVIEW]Ignacio Angelelli - 1985 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (3):859-860.
  16. added 2019-06-06
    The European Medieval Ballad: A Symposium. Otto Holzapeel.Joseph Harris - 1980 - Speculum 55 (3):583-587.
  17. added 2019-06-06
    "Joannis Buridani: Tractatus de Consequentiis," Ed. Hubert Hubien. [REVIEW]John P. Doyle - 1978 - Modern Schoolman 55 (2):198-198.
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  18. added 2019-06-06
    "Giovanni Buridano: Dalla Metafisica Alia Fisica," by Allesandro Ghisalberti. [REVIEW]Lee C. Rice - 1977 - Modern Schoolman 54 (4):408-409.
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  19. added 2019-06-06
    A Further Reappraisal of Impetus Theory: Buridan, Benedetti and Galileo.Stillman Drake - 1976 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 7 (4):319.
  20. added 2019-06-06
    The Non-Rationality of Buridan’s Ass.Roger A. Shiner - 1973 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 11 (4):329-335.
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    "Sophisms on Meaning and Truth," by John Buridan, Trans., with Introd. By T. K. Scott. [REVIEW]Lee C. Rice - 1968 - Modern Schoolman 45 (4):361-361.
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  22. added 2019-06-05
    Intentionality, Cognition and Mental Representation in Medieval Philosophy.Gyula Klima (ed.) - 2015 - Fordham University Press.
    It is supposed to be common knowledge about the history of ideas that one of the few medieval philosophical contributions preserved in modern philosophical thought is the idea that mental phenomena are distinguished from physical phenomena by their intentionality, their directedness toward some object. As is usually the case with such commonplaces about the history of ideas, this claim is not quite true. Medieval philosophers routinely described ordinary physical phenomena, such as reflections in mirrors or sounds in the air, as (...)
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  23. added 2019-06-05
    Richard Kilvington’s Quaestiones Super Libros Ethicorum.Monika Michałowska - 2011 - Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale 53:232-282.
    The importance of Richard Kilvington’s thought has already been brought to light by historians of science and philosophy. His ethical and theological views, however, still await analysis. This edition of one of Kilvington’s ethical questions, “Utrum prudentia sit habitus cum recta ratione activus circa hominis bona et mala,” is intended to be a first step in reviving Kilvington’s ethical and theological writings. The question testifies to the uniqueness of Kilvington’s methods of argumentation, which can best be described as ‘argumentative sophistication’, (...)
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  24. added 2019-01-25
    Introduction: Consequences in Medieval Logic.Jacob Archambault - 2018 - Vivarium 56 (3-4):201-221.
    _ Source: _Volume 56, Issue 3-4, pp 201 - 221 This paper summarizes medieval definitions and divisions of consequences and explains the import of the medieval development of the theory of consequence for logic today. It then introduces the various contributions to this special issue of _Vivarium_ on consequences in medieval logic.
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  25. added 2018-10-09
    Summulae de Dialectica.Alex Orenstein - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (2):389-391.
    This is a most significant publication. Buridan’s Summulae de Dialectica is among the finest contributions to philosophical logic, and aside from its own time, there is no better period than the present for it to be made available. No stage in the history of Western thought is closer to current work on logic and language than the fourteenth century. In their own way Ockham and Buridan dealt with the same central questions that Frege, Russell, Quine, Davidson, and Kripke have. It (...)
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  26. added 2018-08-23
    Direct Realism with and Without Representation: John Buridan and Durand of St.-Pourçain on Species.Peter Hartman - 2017 - In Gyula Klima (ed.), Questions on the soul by John Buridan and others. Berlin, Germany: Springer. pp. 107-129.
    As we now know, most, if not all, philosophers in the High Middle Ages agreed that what we immediately perceive are external objects and that the immediate object of perception must not be some image present to the mind. Yet most — but not all — philosophers in the High Middle Ages also held, following Aristotle, that perception is a process wherein the percipient takes on the likeness of the external object. This likeness — called a species — is a (...)
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  27. added 2018-02-18
    John Buridan[REVIEW]Calvin Normore - 2010 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):100-101.
    This is a marvelous book, a “must read’ for anyone interested in understanding the philosophical debates of the later Middle Ages and a useful book for contemporary philosophers who will find in it a sophisticated articulation of a philosophical position well able to provide perspective on a number of contemporary debates. It is exceptionally well-written, clear, and insightful.We are now in a fairly good position to understand Buridan’s role in later medieval philosophy, his general philosophical orientation, and the milieu in (...)
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  28. added 2018-02-17
    John Buridan, Quaestiones Super Octo Libros Physicorum Aristotelis , with an Introduction by Johannes M.M.H. Thijssen and a Guide to the Text by Edith Sylla_ _, Edited by Michiel Streijger and Paul J.J.M. Bakker. [REVIEW]Joël Biard - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (4):366-370.
  29. added 2018-02-17
    Jean Buridan's Philosophy of Science.Peter King - 1987 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (2):109.
    introduced the concept of effective demand in the nascent science of economics; his discussions of astronomy were acute enough to raise Duhem’s interest. Neither are Buridan’s credentials as a nominalist in doubt, although investigation into his precise relation to William of Ockham continues: he rejected all abstract entities, whether universals, common natures, the complexe significabile, or types above and beyond tokens; for Buridan, every thing which exists is a concrete individual. His anti-realism included an epistemological component as well, for Buridan (...)
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  30. added 2017-10-22
    Zelfpredicatie: Middeleeuwse en hedendaagse perspectieven.Jan Heylen & Can Laurens Löwe - 2017 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 79 (2):239-258.
    The focus of the article is the self-predication principle, according to which the/a such-and-such is such-and-such. We consider contemporary approaches (Frege, Russell, Meinong) to the self-predication principle, as well as fourteenth-century approaches (Burley, Ockham, Buridan). In crucial ways, the Ockham-Buridan view prefigures Russell’s view, and Burley’s view shows a striking resemblance to Meinong’s view. In short the Russell-Ockham-Buridan view holds: no existence, no truth. The Burley-Meinong view holds, in short: intelligibility suffices for truth. Both views approach self-predication in a uniform (...)
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  31. added 2017-09-28
    The Buridan School Reassessed. John Buridan and Albert of Saxony. Thijssen - 2004 - Vivarium 42 (1):18-42.
  32. added 2017-09-28
    Buridan, Albert of Saxony and Oresme, and a Fourteenth-Century Collection of Quaestiones on the Physics and on De Generatione Et Corruptione. 1.J. M. M. H. Thijssen - 1986 - Vivarium 24 (1):70-82.
    By way of conclusion we may add the following three items to A. Maier's and G. Federici-Vescovini's investigations: 1. The Questiones super libris Physicorum in the ms. Cesena, B. Malatestiana S.VIII.5 have been incorrectly attributed to John Buridan. Their real author is Albert of Saxony. 2. The ms. Cesena, B. Malatestiana S.VIII.5 ff. 4ra-4vb contains the Prologue and the tabula questionum of the Questions on De gen. et corr., whereas the ms. Vat. lat. 3097 ff. 103ra-146rb has the complete text. (...)
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  33. added 2017-09-21
    Three Anonymous Sets of Questions on Aristotle’s Physics Related to John Buridan’s Quaestiones Super Octo Libros Physicorum.Paul J. J. M. Bakker - 2016 - Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale 58:233-323.
    This article offers a detailed presentation of three anonymous, unedited sets of questions on Aristotle’s Physics. The commentaries survive in manuscripts in Oxford, Munich and Sint Agatha. A comparison of the lists of quaestiones suggests that there is a close correspondence between the three commentaries, on the one hand, and the ultima lectura of John Buridan’s Quaestiones super octo libros Physicorum, on the other. Judging from the lists of quaestiones, it makes sense to attach the label secundum Buridanum to all (...)
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  34. added 2017-07-26
    The Beliefs and Intentions of Buridan's Ass.Nathaniel Sharadin & Finnur Dellsén - 2017 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 3 (2):209-226.
    The moral of Buridan's Ass is that it can sometimes be rational to perform one action rather than another even though one lacks stronger reason to do so. Yet it is also commonly believed that it cannot ever be rational to believe one proposition rather than another if one lacks stronger reason to do so. This asymmetry has been taken to indicate a deep difference between epistemic and practical rationality. According to the view articulated here, the asymmetry should instead be (...)
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  35. added 2017-04-14
    Articulating Medieval Logic by Terence Parsons. [REVIEW]Mark Thakkar - 2017 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (2):348-349.
    One of the founding myths of analytic philosophy is that the predicate logic developed in the late nineteenth century was far more powerful than its predecessors. This ambitious book argues that, on the contrary, medieval philosophers developed "a system of logic that is similar to the predicate calculus in richness and power" – or that, as Parsons put it in his presidential address to the American Philosophical Association, "the core of medieval logic is as accurate and as expressive as the (...)
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  36. added 2017-03-12
    John Buridan on Universal Knowledge.Olaf Pluta - 2002 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 7:25-46.
    Starting from a passage in the treatise De universali reali by Jean de Maisonneuve, where Jean de Maisonneuve denounces John Buridan as a materialist, the article looks for textual evidence that would support or otherwise refute this claim in Buridan's works on natural philosophy. In particular, the article analyzes Buridan's discussion of universal knowledge in the final redactions of his commentaries on Aristotle's Physica and De anima, which turn out to complement each other. Here, Buridan asks if something extended and (...)
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  37. added 2017-03-11
    > Johannes Buridanus. Summulae De Practica Sophismatum. Summulae De Propositionibus.Christian Rode - 2007 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 12:219-224.
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  38. added 2017-03-07
    Medieval Commentators on Future Contingents in De Interpretatione 9.Simo Knuuttila - 2010 - Vivarium 48 (1):75-95.
    This article considers three medieval approaches to the problem of future contingent propositions in chapter 9 of Aristotle's _De interpretatione_. While Boethius assumed that God's atemporal knowledge infallibly pertains to historical events, he was inclined to believe that Aristotle correctly taught that future contingent propositions are not antecedently true or false, even though they may be characterized as true-or-false. Aquinas also tried to combine the allegedly Aristotelian view of the disjunctive truth-value of future contingent propositions with the conception of all (...)
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  39. added 2017-03-03
    John Buridan’s Propositional Semantics: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.Miroslav Hanke - 2009 - Studia Neoaristotelica 6 (2):183-208.
    The paper deals with Buridan’s approach to the problems of propositional semantics, contained in his logical works. This question can be conceived both as semantic and ontological. Buridan’s solution of both of these questions is based upon a terminist theory of meaning. Theory of truth is constructed as suppositional, not as significational, which enables the definition of truth in terms of the semantic values of components of a particular kind of proposition. The other important problem, the semantic analysis of accusative (...)
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  40. added 2017-03-03
    Perspektivy logické sémantiky Jana Buridana: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.Miroslav Hanke - 2007 - Studia Neoaristotelica 4 (2):111-142.
    The subject of the present article is the analysis of fundamental logical-semantical terminology of late-medieval nominalistic logician Jean Buridan. The analysis focuses on the concepts of truth conditions and logical consequence, whose clarification presupposes explication of modal terminology as well as a solution of semantical antinomies such as “Liar”. The analysis of Buridan’s argumentation suggests that Buridan’s project of logic actually fails due to several failures of conceptual analysis of semantical and modal terminology. An alternative solution of the question concerning (...)
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  41. added 2017-01-25
    De Universiteit Als Win-Win-Situatie? De Wetenschapper Tussen Markt En Publieke Sfeer.René Boomkens - 2009 - Wijsgerig Perspectief 49 (4):16-23.
    Universiteiten hebben tegenwoordig een missie. Die missie verwoorden zij in hun strategische plannen en hun jaarverslagen. Tot de missie van de universiteit waarvoor ik werk, de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, behoort nadrukkelijk dat zij de publieke rol en relevantie van de wetenschap en van de wetenschappers die haar beoefenen wil bevorderen. Daarmee bevestigt de universiteit een lange traditie waarin van wetenschappers als vanzelfsprekend wordt verwacht dat zij naast het geven van wetenschappelijk onderwijs en het verrichten van wetenschappelijk onderzoek tevens een intellectuele taak (...)
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  42. added 2017-01-17
    De Logosfilosofie van Jan Woltjer . Logos En Wijsbegeerte Aan de Vroege Vrije Universiteit [The Logos Philosophy of Jan Woltjer . Logos and Philosophy at the Early Vrije Universiteit], Written by Rob A. Nijhoff. [REVIEW]Roger Henderson - 2015 - Philosophia Reformata 80 (2):232-235.
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  43. added 2017-01-17
    Is Buridan’s Theory of Abstraction Incompatible with His Nominalist Semantics? An Evaluation of Klima’s Charge Against Buridan.Joseph Hill - 2010 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 84:167-178.
    This paper addresses Klima’s charge of inconsistancy against John Buridan in a book recently published on the subject. Klima argues that Buridan’s theoryof abstraction commits him to the aspectuality of substantial concepts. However, his semantics of absolute terms and concepts prevents him from accepting anyaspectuality of substantial concepts. In light of this problem, the paper gives a detailed reconstruction of Buridan’s account of abstraction, beginning with sensoryperception and singular cognition and ending with the formation of substantial concepts that have a (...)
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  44. added 2017-01-17
    Adrienne Chaplin-Dengerink, Mind, Body and Art: The Problem of Meaning in the Cognitive Aesthetics of Susanne K. Langer. Amsterdam, 1999: Dissertation Vrije Universiteit. 328 Pp. [REVIEW]G. M. Birtwistle - 2000 - Philosophia Reformata 65 (2):197-200.
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  45. added 2017-01-17
    Weakness of the Will in Medieval Thought: From Augustine to Buridan.Risto SAARINEN - 1994 - Brill.
    This volume examines the medieval understanding of Aristotle's "weakness of the will". The medieval views are outlined on the basis of five major commentaries on Aristotle's _Nicomachean Ethics_ between 1250 and 1350.
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  46. added 2017-01-17
    John Buridan on Self-Reference: Chapter Eight of Buridan's 'Sophismata', with a Translation, an Introduction, and a Philosophical Commentary.G. E. Hughes (ed.) - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Buridan was a fourteenth-century philosopher who enjoyed an enormous reputation for about two hundred years, was then totally neglected, and is now being 'rediscovered' through his relevance to contemporary work in philosophical logic. The final chapter of Buridan's Sophismata deals with problems about self-reference, and in particular with the semantic paradoxes. He offers his own distinctive solution to the well-known 'Liar Paradox' and introduces a number of other paradoxes that will be unfamiliar to most logicians. Buridan also moves on (...)
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  47. added 2017-01-17
    DR C. C. JONKER, Werkelijkheid, Waarneming En Theorie in de Natuurkunde. Inaugurele Oratie Vrije Universiteit. Uitg, J. H. Kok N.V., Kampen 1951. [REVIEW]P. Groen - 1952 - Philosophia Reformata 17 (1-4):52.
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  48. added 2017-01-17
    DR F. J. M. POTGIETER, Die Verhouding Tussen Die Teologie En Die Filosofie by Calvyn. Acad. Diss. Vrije Universiteit. Amsterdam 1939. [REVIEW]C. van Til - 1940 - Philosophia Reformata 5 (1-4):53-59.
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  49. added 2017-01-16
    John Hawkwood: An English Mercenary in Fourteenth-Century Italy. William Caferro.John France - 2007 - Speculum 82 (2):418-419.
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  50. added 2017-01-16
    John Buridan: Portrait of a Fourteenth-Century Arts Master. Jack Zupko.William J. Courtenay - 2005 - Speculum 80 (2):689-690.
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1 — 50 / 339