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Summary Jean-François Lyotard was a French poststructuralist philosopher, best known for his highly influential formulation of the postmodern in The Postmodern Condition. Despite its popularity, however, this book is in fact one of his more minor works. Lyotard’s writings cover a large range of topics in philosophy, politics, and aesthetics, and experiment with a wide variety of styles. The majority of his work, however, is unified by a consistent view that reality consists of singular events which cannot be represented accurately by rational theory. Lyotard’s philosophy exhibits many of the major themes common to poststructuralist and postmodernist thought. He examines the limits of reason, asserts the importance of nonrational forces such as sensations and emotions, rejects the image of the human as the centralizing category, champions heterogeneity and difference, and suggests that the Enlightenment understanding of society in terms of “progress” has been made obsolete by the scientific, technological, political and cultural changes of the Twentieth Century. Lyotard deals with these common themes in a highly original way, and his work exceeds many popular conceptions of the postmodern in its depth, imagination, and rigor. His thought remains highly relevant to contemporary debates in philosophy, politics, social theory, and cultural studies, and has recently been gaining renewed attention, especially around his extensive writings on art and aesthetics.
Key works Lyotard's major philosophy books, in English translation, are Discourse, Figure (Lyotard 1971), Libidinal Economy (Lyotard 1993), and The Differend (Lyotard 1988). Most of his commentaries on artists and many of his works on aesthetics are collected in the six-volume, bi-lingual (English and French) Writings on Contemporary Art and Artists (Lyotard 2009 -).
Introductions Bill Readings, Introducing Lyotard (Readings 1991) Geoffrey Bennington, Lyotard: Writing the Event (Bennington 1988) James Williams, Lyotard: Towards a Postmodern Philosophy (Williams 1998) Simon Malpas, Jean-Francois Lyotard (Malpas 2003)Keith Crome and James Williams (eds.), The Lyotard Reader and Guide 
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  1. added 2020-06-17
    L’Autre Scène de Jean-François Lyotard.Francis Haselden - 2020 - Nouvelle Revue D’Esthétique 1:121.
    This article rediscovers a short film directed by Jean-François Lyotard, entitled L’Autre Scène. The work underlines the originality of a philosopher who refused to separate theory from practice. First analysing the influence of Freudian theory on the production of the film, I shall then see how the work elaborates the concept of “acinema”. Finally, I will give an interpretation of Lyotard’s enigmatic silence about his first film work. -/- .
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  2. added 2020-03-30
    "...Lehetetlen úgy megváltoztatni a jelent, hogy ne változtassuk meg a múltat" - Losoncz Alpárral Tóth Szilárd János és Kocsis Árpád beszélget.Szilárd János Tóth, Árpád Kocsis & Alpár Losoncz - 2019 - Híd 86 (10):5-19.
    Interjú az Új Symposion örökségéről, Jugoszláviáról, a vajdasági magyarság baloldali radikális hagyományáról, az avantgárdról stb.
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  3. added 2020-03-26
    Lyotards Lektüre des Erhabenen.Gernot Böhme - 1998 - Kant-Studien 89 (2):205-218.
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  4. added 2020-03-18
    Ethics and Politics in the Postmodern Condition.Tommaso Valentini - 2019 - FormaMente. International Research Journal on Digital Future 14 (2):37-54.
    In this paper I analyze the postmodern condition with particular reference to the ethical and political spheres. Postmodernism attempts a radical break with all of the major strands of post-Enlightenment thought. For postmodernists as the French Jean-François Lyotard and the Italian Gianni Vattimo, the orthodox Enlightenment “meta-narrative” of progress and the “speculative” narrative of Hegel and Marx have lost their explanatory force. In particular, Lyotard speaks about five large meta-narratives of Western culture: 1) Christianity (understood also in the secularized form (...)
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  5. added 2020-03-03
    Review of Thomas Aquinas’s Summa Theologiae: A Biography. [REVIEW]Subhasis Chattopadhyay - 2020 - Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India 125 (03):382-382.
    Bernard McGinn was a great historian of Christianity. But in this book under review he fails to do justice to the history of the Summa. He fails to understand the ontologies of the economic theories of Bernard Lonergan and the theology of Karl Rahner, for examples. The book is patchy and seems under-researched. McGinn does not do justice to the influence of the Summa as a text which forms a bridge between St. Augustine of Hippo and Hannah Arendt and Jean (...)
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  6. added 2020-02-23
    On Affective Universality: Kant, Arendt and Lyotard on Sensus Communis.Andrea Rehberg - 2020 - In Sorin Baiasu & Alberto Vanzo (eds.), Kant and the Continental Tradition: Sensibility, Nature, and Religion. New York: Routledge.
  7. added 2020-02-23
    Disputing Critique: Lyotard's Kantian Differend.Keith Crome - 2020 - In Sorin Baiasu & Alberto Vanzo (eds.), Kant and the Continental Tradition: Sensibility, Nature, and Religion. New York: Routledge.
  8. added 2019-09-24
    From Ideology to Metametanarrative (Addendum to Consuming Antinatalism in Social Media).George Rossolatos - 2018 - Interdiscursive Readings in Cultural Consumer Research.
    Despite Lyotard’s proclaimed end of metanarratives in a post-modern predicament, metanarratives appear to be making a comeback. This is the case for antinatalism, a relatively recent ideological formation or moral philosophical perspective that has spawned a new social movement with an active presence in social media. The organizational and structural aspects of NSMs render them amenable to being labeled as ‘post-modern’. In this context, the emergence of ideologies as moral philosophies, such as antinatalism, loom like an outsider, or like a (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    Il dissidio trascendentale: la capitolazione del soggetto.Luigi Buonaiuto - 2013 - Nóema 4 (1):113-132.
    Il contributo analizza la nozione di soggetto in Kant a partire dalla lettura lyotardiana dell’Analitica del Sublime; la destrutturazione dell’architettura critica operata dal filosofo francese in nome della a priorità del sentimento, in contrapposizione a quella della logica categoriale, comporterà una revisione della portata ontologica dell’Io penso, implicandone la capitolazione in quanto fondamento.
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  10. added 2019-06-06
    Julian's Christology and Lyotard's Sublime: A Dialogue on the Cusp of Knowability.Bradford W. Manderfield - 2013 - Philosophy and Theology 25 (2):181-198.
    This work initiates a dialogue between pre-enlightenment mystic Julian of Norwich and post-modern philosopher Jean-Francois Lyotard. The first section of this paper gives an account of the post-modern subject for Lyotard and of how he renews the “unknown” and the “un-mastered,” in opposition to Kant’s autonomous subject. The second section shows the outer and inner strata of Julian’s treatise. The outer portion evidences the paradigm shift that places Julian’s reflections more prominently within Lyotard’s configuration of the sublime. The inner section (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    Sam Francis: Lesson of Darkness: “Like the Paintings of a Blind Man.” by Lyotard, Jean‐François.Mélanie Walton - 2012 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 70 (2):249-251.
    Neither art criticism nor a scholar’s monograph on an artist, Jean-François Lyotard’s Sam Francis: Lesson of Darkness: ‘like the paintings of a blind man’ is a reflection that engages both the painter and 43 of his works into a conversation alternating painting and aphoristic writing. Their order follows neither the chronology of the works nor a linear argument in the prose. And yet, the work generates the strongest feeling of there being a continuity in this peculiar dialogue of pictures and (...)
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    Présentation.Jean-Michel Durafour & François Frimat - 2011 - Cités 45 (1):11-18.
    La pensée politique de Jean-François Lyotard est encore aujourd’hui à découvrir pour une grande partie du public lettré pour deux raisons principales. La première consiste en ce que la philosophie générale de Lyotard reste faussement appréciée dans son ampleur et sa portée, y compris chez les « professionnels de la profession » (selon...
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  13. added 2019-06-06
    Peinture et désir. Jean-François Lyotard. Conférence inédite prononcée à la Sorbonne, le 9 décembre 1972.François Frimat & Jean-Michel Durafour - 2011 - Cités 45 (1):117-129.
    Nous remercions Dolorès Lyotard et Herman Parret de nous autoriser aimablement à publier ici cette conférence inédite qui prend place dans l’itinéraire de Jean-François Lyotard une année après qu’il ait soutenu sa thèse de doctorat d’État Discours, Figure sous la direction de Mikel Dufrenne. Plusieurs interrogations sont...
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  14. added 2019-06-06
    Childhood, Education and Philosophy: Notes on Deterritorialisation.Walter Omar Kohan - 2011 - Philosophy of Education 45 (2):339-357.
    This paper aims to argue how education might be considered and practised if not under the logic of the formation of childhood. As such, it puts into question the traditional way of considering children as representing adults' opportunity to impose their own ideals, and considering education to be an appropriate instrument for such an end. More specifically, it considers how the purposes of practising philosophy with children might be affirmed as other than in the service of the social and political (...)
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    Sensibility and the Law: On Rancière’s Reading of Lyotard.Peter Milne - 2011 - Symposium 15 (2):95-119.
    This paper responds to Rancière’s reading of Lyotard’s analysis of the sublime by attempting to articulate what Lyotard would call a “differend” between the two. Sketching out Rancière’s criticisms, I show that Lyotard’s analysis of the Kantian sublime is more defensible than Rancière claims. I then provide an alternative reading, one that frees Lyotard’s sublime from Rancière’s central accusation that it signals nothing more than the mind’s perpetual enslavement to the lawof the Other. Reading the sublime through the figure of (...)
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  16. added 2019-06-06
    Socialisme ou Barbarie et le militantisme de Lyotard.Amparo Vega - 2011 - Cités 45 (1):31-43.
    Le présent article entend porter un éclairage sur les idées politiques de la période militante de Jean-François Lyotard au sein du groupe marxiste radical qui publie la revue Socialisme ou Barbarie et le journal Pouvoir Ouvrier, du début des années cinquante au mitan de la décennie suivante. Ce texte complète...
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  17. added 2019-06-06
    Les Marx de Lyotard.Claire Pagès - 2011 - Cités 45 (1):69-85.
    On continuait alentour à crier : libération! Nous murmurions : résistance. Comme des vaincus.On pourrait être tenté de construire un chiasme entre les parcours de Jean-François Lyotard et de Jacques Derrida concernant leur rapport au marxisme. Le premier, après un attachement profond au marxisme, aurait rompu avec lui, en dressant une critique radicale. Le second, d’abord animé d’une...
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  18. added 2019-06-06
    Nimes-Caissargues Rest Area: A Garden for Non-Dwellers.Malcolm Woollen - 2009 - Environment, Space, Place 1 (2):153-172.
    This article addresses a project by Bernard Lassus, a celebrated French landscape architect, for a rest area on a highway outside Nimes, France. Using this project as a lens, it asks whether a tourist can approach any sense of Heidegger’s concept of dwelling. It goes on to inquire about fresh visions of places, citing familiar modernist approaches and postmodern ones advocated by Lyotard. After dealing with cultural differences in the promotion of tourist sites, it attempts to dissect Lassus’s motives and (...)
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  19. added 2019-06-06
    Aesthetic Sensibility and Political Praxis: Foucault, Lyotard, and the Darfur Crisis.Anne Bartlett, Gerard Kuperus & Marjolein Oele - 2009 - Radical Philosophy Review 12 (1-2):137-155.
    This paper develops insights from Foucault and Lyotard to examine the Darfur crisis and the transformative potential of spaces of alterity. We show that Foucault’s quest for an aesthetics of existence is an attempt to found an alternative form of ethics based on wakefulness, sensibility, and suspicion on the part of the subject. In the final part of the paper we link this idea to Lyotard’s sensibility of the sublime. We show how aesthetic sensibility can be transformed in a political (...)
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  20. added 2019-06-06
    The Unbearable Lightness of Representing ‘Reality’ in Science Education: A Response to Schulz.Michalinos Zembylas - 2008 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (4):494-514.
    This article responds to Schulz's criticisms of an earlier paper published in Educational Philosophy and Theory. The purpose in this paper is to clarify and extend some of my earlier arguments, to indicate what is unfortunate from a non‐charitable, modernist reading of Lyotardian postmodernism, and to suggest what new directions are emerging in science education from efforts to move beyond an either/or dichotomy of foundationalism and relativism.
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    La question de la question: en réponse à Lyotard.Jean-sÉbastien Hardy - 2006 - Phares 6 (3).
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  22. added 2019-06-06
    How the Sublime Became “Now”: Time, Modernity, and Aesthetics in Lyotard’s Rewriting of Kant.David Cunningham - 2004 - Symposium 8 (3):549-571.
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  23. added 2019-06-06
    Incredulity Towards Lyotard: A Critique of a Postmodernist Account of Science and Knowledg.Robert Nola & Gürol Irzik - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (2):391-421.
    Philosophers of science have paid little attention, positive or negative, to Lyotard’s book The postmodern condition, even though it has been popular in other fields. We set out some of the reasons for this neglect. Lyotard thought that sciences could be justified by non-scientific narratives. We show why this is unacceptable, and why many of Lyotard’s characterisations of science are either implausible or are narrowly positivist. One of Lyotard’s themes is that the nature of knowledge has changed and thereby so (...)
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  24. added 2019-06-06
    Retorsion: Jean-François Lyotard’s Reading of Sophistry.Keith Crome - 2003 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (1):29-44.
    Full-text of this article is not available in this e-prints service. This article was originally published [following peer-review] in Southern Journal of Philosophy, published by and copyright University of Memphis.
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  25. added 2019-06-06
    Lyotard’s Politics of Difference and Equivalence.Kevin Inston - 2002 - Philosophy Today 46 (4):356-372.
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  26. added 2019-06-06
    François Duchesneau, Philosophie de la Biologie. [REVIEW]Paul Dumouchel - 1999 - Philosophy in Review 19 (2):100-101.
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  27. added 2019-06-06
    Being and Value: Toward a Constructive Postmodern Metaphysics. [REVIEW]John B. Cobb Jr - 1999 - Process Studies 28 (1-2):145-147.
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  28. added 2019-06-06
    On Obligation: Lyotard and Levinas.Hent De Vries - 1998 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 20 (2/1):83-112.
  29. added 2019-06-06
    Shifting the Ground of the Moral Domain in Lyotard’s Le Differend.Adi Ophir - 1997 - Constellations 4 (2):189-204.
  30. added 2019-06-06
    Privatising Culture: Reflections on Jean‐François Lyotard's “Ofkos”1.Bill Readings - 1997 - Angelaki 2 (1):23-29.
  31. added 2019-06-06
    Critical Consciousness in the Postmodern Condition: New Opportunities for Theology?Lieven Boeve - 1997 - Philosophy and Theology 10 (2):449-468.
    In an attempt to clarify our present-day postmodern context and to ascertain the critical consciousness of our time, I study a number of main lines of thought in the work of the postmodernist thinkers Wolfgang Welsch, Jean-François Lyotard and Richard Rorty. Afterwards, I elaborate on the position of Jürgen Habermas in the postmodern debate. In the second section I present a schematic overview of this postmodern panorama, pointing out the main similarities and differences of the theorists under consideration. A critical (...)
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    Postmodern Wetlands. [REVIEW]Bruce Morito - 1997 - Symposium 1 (1):81-83.
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    The Game of Science: As Played by Jean-François Lyotard.Chris Hables Gray - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (3):367-380.
    By comparing the insights of Jean-Francois Lyotard on various manifestations of the science question with feminists such as Luce Irigaray and Donna Haraway certain compromising contradictions in Lyotard's overall discourse are revealed.
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  34. added 2019-06-06
    Philosophy Under Fire: J.F. Lyotard Transcending the Trenches of Postmodernity: Lyotard's Use of ‘Ideas’: To Criticise Rather Than to Extend Knowledge.H. R. Brons - 1995 - History of European Ideas 20 (4-6):785-790.
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  35. added 2019-06-06
    The Religious Significance of Postmodernism: A Rejoinder.Huston Smith - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (3):409-422.
    Accepting Lyotard’s “incredulity toward metanarratives” as its definition of postmodernism, and Derrida’s “openness to the other” as deconstruction’s contribution to it this essay distinguishes three species of postmodernism: minimal, mainline, and polemical. It then argues that the religious impulse challenges all three of these contentions. Contra polemical postmodernism, metanarratives/worldviews are needed. Contra mainline postmodernism, reliable ones are possible. And contra minimal postmodernism, they already exist - in the world’s great, enduring religious traditions.
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  36. added 2019-06-06
    Lyotard's Peregrination: Three Responses to the Call of Justice.Stuart Dalton - 1994 - Philosophy Today 38 (3):227-242.
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  37. added 2019-06-06
    The Community's Absence in Lytoard, Nancy, and Lacoue-Labarthe.Todd May - 1993 - Philosophy Today 37 (3):275-284.
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  38. added 2019-06-06
    Review: Heterology and the Postmodern: Bataille, Baudrillard, and Lyotard. [REVIEW]Clare O'Farrell - 1993 - Thesis Eleven 34 (1):202-205.
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  39. added 2019-06-06
    Differend and Agonistics: A Transcendental Argument.Horst Ruthrof - 1992 - Philosophy Today 36 (4):324-335.
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  40. added 2019-06-06
    Mainmise.Jean-François Lyotard - 1992 - Philosophy Today 36 (4):419-427.
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  41. added 2019-06-06
    Postmodern Education. [REVIEW]Mark Weinstein - 1991 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 8 (4):18-20.
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  42. added 2019-06-06
    Politics and the Limits of Metaphysics: Heidegger, Ferry and Renaut, and Lyotard.Veronique M. Foti - 1991 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 14 (2/1):323-334.
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  43. added 2019-06-06
    Kant the Liberal, Kant the Anarchist: Rawls and Lyotard on Kantian Justice.Todd G. May - 1990 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 28 (4):525-538.
  44. added 2019-06-06
    Techno‐Science, Rationality, and the University: Lyotard on the “Postmodern Condition”.Michael Peters - 1989 - Educational Theory 39 (2):93-105.
  45. added 2019-06-06
    Tempo e linguaggio nel pensiero di Derrida e Lyotard.Giuseppe Mazzara - 1989 - Giornale di Metafisica 11 (2):307.
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  46. added 2019-06-06
    J-F. Lyotard’s The Postmodern Condition and G. B. Vico’s De Nostri Temporis Studiorum Ratione.Suzanne Kiernan - 1986 - New Vico Studies 4:101.
  47. added 2019-06-06
    J-F. Lyotard’s The Postmodern Condition and G. B. Vico’s De Nostri Temporis Studiorum Ratione.Suzanne Kiernan - 1986 - New Vico Studies 4:101.
  48. added 2019-06-06
    S. Jean-François Régis. [REVIEW]Joseph M. F. Marique - 1939 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 14 (3):504-506.
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  49. added 2019-06-05
    Essays on Heidegger and Others: Philosophical Papers.Richard Rorty - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Rorty's collected papers, written during the 1980s and now published in two volumes, take up some of the issues which divide Anglo-Saxon analytic philosophers and contemporary French and German philosophers and offer something of a compromise - agreeing with the latter in their criticisms of traditional notions of truth and objectivity, but disagreeing with them over the political implications they draw from dropping traditional philosophical doctrines. The second volume pursues the themes of the first volume in the context of (...)
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  50. added 2019-05-16
    Philosophie de la RévélationF. W. J. Schelling - Livre I: Introduction À la Philosophie de la Révélation Traduction Sous la Direction de Jean-François Marquet Et Jean-François Courtine Présentation Par J.-F. Marquet - Livre II: Première Partie Traduction Sous la Direction de Jean-François Marquet Et Jean-François Courtine Avant-Propos Par J.-F. Courtine Collection «Épiméthée» Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1989, 205 P.; 1991, 400 P. [REVIEW]Suzanne Foisy - 1994 - Dialogue 33 (1):144-147.
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