About this topic
Summary Jean-François Lyotard was a French poststructuralist philosopher, best known for his highly influential formulation of the postmodern in The Postmodern Condition. Despite its popularity, however, this book is in fact one of his more minor works. Lyotard’s writings cover a large range of topics in philosophy, politics, and aesthetics, and experiment with a wide variety of styles. The majority of his work, however, is unified by a consistent view that reality consists of singular events which cannot be represented accurately by rational theory. Lyotard’s philosophy exhibits many of the major themes common to poststructuralist and postmodernist thought. He examines the limits of reason, asserts the importance of nonrational forces such as sensations and emotions, rejects the image of the human as the centralizing category, champions heterogeneity and difference, and suggests that the Enlightenment understanding of society in terms of “progress” has been made obsolete by the scientific, technological, political and cultural changes of the Twentieth Century. Lyotard deals with these common themes in a highly original way, and his work exceeds many popular conceptions of the postmodern in its depth, imagination, and rigor. His thought remains highly relevant to contemporary debates in philosophy, politics, social theory, and cultural studies, and has recently been gaining renewed attention, especially around his extensive writings on art and aesthetics.
Key works Lyotard's major philosophy books, in English translation, are Discourse, Figure (Lyotard 1971), Libidinal Economy (Lyotard 1993), and The Differend (Lyotard 1988). Most of his commentaries on artists and many of his works on aesthetics are collected in the six-volume, bi-lingual (English and French) Writings on Contemporary Art and Artists (Lyotard 2009 -).
Introductions Bill Readings, Introducing Lyotard (Readings 1991) Geoffrey Bennington, Lyotard: Writing the Event (Bennington 1988) James Williams, Lyotard: Towards a Postmodern Philosophy (Williams 1998) Simon Malpas, Jean-Francois Lyotard (Malpas 2003)Keith Crome and James Williams (eds.), The Lyotard Reader and Guide 
Related categories

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  1. added 2019-01-15
    The Fading of the Postmodern: Jean François Lyotard’s Moralités Postmodernes.Peter Caws - 1994 - Bulletin de la Société Américaine de Philosophie de Langue Française 6 (3):34-42.
  2. added 2018-12-21
    Antyponowoczesność Alaina Badiou.Andrzej Wasilewski - 2016 - Diametros 50:97-117.
    The article analyses Alain Badiou`s philosophy from the point of view of his relation to postmodernity. Alain Badiou is a political activist, mathematician, writer, playwright and literary critic. However, above all, he is a philosopher of the totality who attempts to give a thoroughgoing explanation of the world. This is the sense in which he is an anti-postmodernist. His whole philosophy is directed against sophistry. Badiou consistently builds his own system in order to oppose it to the philosophy of the (...)
  3. added 2018-12-20
    Pienten kertomusten etiikkaa: ideologia ja narratiivinen hermeneutiikka.Jussi M. Backman - 2018 - Ajatus 75:361-381.
    Kirjasymposioartikkeli esittelee Hanna Meretojan teoksen The Ethics of Storytelling: Narrative Hermeneutics, History, and the Possible (Oxford University Press, 2018) keskeisimmät ajatukset ja kytkee ne laajempaan hermeneuttiseen ja jälkistrukturalistiseen ajatteluperinteeseen, etenkin Jean-François Lyotardin luonnehdintaan jälkimodernista aikakaudesta suurten modernien historiallisten metakertomusten horjumisen ja pienten paikallisten kertomusten moneuden aikakautena. Tässä valossa Meretojan hermeneuttista kertomusetiikkaa voidaan lukea ennen muuta pienten, ei-totalisoivien kertomusten etiikkana. Artikkeli esittää, että tällaiselle etiikalle löytyy hedelmällinen vertailukohta Hannah Arendtin totalitarismiteoriasta, joka sijoittaa ideologiset metakertomukset totalitaarisen hallinnan ja sen tuottaman ”banaalin pahuuden” (...)
  4. added 2018-09-29
    Richard Brons.Gary E. Aylesworth - 2002 - In Hugh J. Silverman (ed.), Lyotard: Philosophy, Politics, and the Sublime. Routledge. pp. 8--281.
  5. added 2018-09-13
    Wronged Beyond Words.Matthew Congdon - 2016 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 42 (8):815-834.
    In this paper, I discuss cases in which moral grievances, particularly assertions that a moral injury has taken place, are systematically obstructed by received linguistic and epistemic practices. I suggest a social epistemological model for theorizing such cases of moral epistemic injustice. Towards this end, I offer a reconstruction of Lyotard’s concept of the differend, comparing it to Miranda Fricker’s concept of epistemic injustice, and considering it in light of some criticisms posed by Axel Honneth. Through this reconstruction and a (...)
  6. added 2018-05-31
    Diagnose van de Moderne Filosoof: Waarom filosofen gek zijn.Nicole Des Bouvrie - 2018 - Eindhoven: Damon.
    Zijn filosofen gek? Zo ja, waarom? En ligt dat dan aan de filosoof, aan de filosofie of aan de diagnostiek? Dat zijn de vragen die in 'Diagnose van de moderne filosoof' centraal staan. Nicole des Bouvrie neemt aan de hand van het diagnostische handboek van psychiaters en psychologen (de DSM-V) de situatie van de hedendaagse denker onder de loep. Autisme, psychoses, anorexia en andere aandoeningen passeren de revue, om aan de hand van een grondige anamnese van hedendaagse denkbeelden uit de (...)
  7. added 2018-05-16
    "Philosophie de la Révélation". Livre I: "Introduction À la" Philosophie de la Révélation Et Livre II: "Première Partie", Par F. J. W. Schelling, Traduction Sous la Direction de Jean-François Marquet Et Jean-François Courtine. [REVIEW]Suzanne Foisy - 1994 - Dialogue 33 (1):144-.
  8. added 2018-02-17
    Andrew Slade: Lyotard, Beckett, Duras, and the Postmodern Sublime. [REVIEW]Adrián Kvokačka - 2008 - Estetika 45 (2):243-249.
    A review of Andrew Slade‘s Lyotard, Beckett, Duras, and the Postmodern Sublime (New York, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, Oxford, Wien: Peter Lang Publishing Inc., 2007, 136 pp. ISBN 0820478628).
  9. added 2018-02-12
    What Science Means for Postmodernist Epistemology and the Philosophy of Education.Thaddeus Metz - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (14):1397–1398.
    In my view, postmodernism, as a cluster of bold epistemological claims, foundered on the rocks of contemporary science. Many postmodern positions about knowledge have conflicted with views of science that are extraordinarily difficult to doubt, which in this short article (composed to honour Educational Philosophy and Theory's 50th anniversary), I point out and argue holds a lesson about how to undertake the philosophy of education.
  10. added 2018-02-01
    The Right Tool for the Job: Philosophy’s Evolving Role in Advancing Management Theory.Steven E. Wallis - 2012 - Philosophy of Management 11 (3):67-99.
    In this paper, I build on Wittgenstein’s metaphor of a toolbox to introduce the metaphor of ‘tool confusion’ – how differing conceptual constructs may be applied, or misapplied, to one another and the effect that such applications have on the advancement of management theory. Moving beyond metaphor, I investigate a theory of management through two specific philosophical lenses. This analysis tests both the theory and the philosophies with regard to how each philosophy may be applied as a tool to advance (...)
  11. added 2018-01-03
    Postmodern Sophistication: Habermas Versus Lyotard.David Kolb - 1990 - In Postmodern Sphistications: Philosophy, Architecture, and Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago press. pp. 36 – 50.
    A discussion of whether Habermas as a representative modernist and Lyotard as a representative postmodern echo the ancient dispute between Plato and the Sophists. My conclusion is that they do not quite do so. Each is more complex and ancient dichotomy should be revised.
  12. added 2017-04-25
    Imperative Sense and Libidinal Event.Bryan Lueck - 2007 - Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University
    My dissertation presents a comprehensive rethinking of the Kantian imperative, articulating it on the basis of what I call originary sense. Calling primarily upon the works of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Gilles Deleuze, and Jean-François Lyotard, I show (1) that sense constitutes the ontologically most basic dimension of our worldly being and (2) that the way in which this sense happens is determinative for our experience of the ethical imperative. By originary sense I mean to name something that is neither sensible sense (...)
  13. added 2017-02-15
    Collaborations in Modern and Postmodern Visual Art: An Overview.Lynda Chapple - 2011 - Colloquy 21:31-33.
  14. added 2017-02-15
    Modern and Postmodern Critical Research.Allan Tarp - 2004 - Philosophy of Mathematics Education Journal 18.
  15. added 2017-02-15
    Postmodern Explained: Correspondence 1982-1985.Jean-Fracois Lyotard - 1992 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
  16. added 2017-02-14
    Defining the Postmodern.Linda Hutcheon - 2006 - In Paul Wake & Simon Malpas (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Critical Theory. Routledge. pp. 115.
  17. added 2017-02-14
    After Late- and Postmodernism: A Wittgensteinian Reconstructive and Transformative Aesthetics, Art Practice, and Art Education.Leslie Cunliffe - 2001 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 35 (3):1.
  18. added 2017-02-14
    Objective, Activist, and Postmodern?Julie A. Nelson - 2001 - In Stephen Cullenberg, Jack Amariglio & David F. Ruccio (eds.), Postmodernism, Economics and Knowledge. Routledge.
  19. added 2017-02-14
    Postmodern?Julie A. Nelson - 2001 - In Stephen Cullenberg, Jack Amariglio & David F. Ruccio (eds.), Postmodernism, Economics and Knowledge. Routledge. pp. 286.
  20. added 2017-02-14
    Introduction–Postmodern Traces.Barry Smart - 2000 - In Bryan S. Turner (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Social Theory. Blackwell. pp. 447--480.
  21. added 2017-02-14
    Marinetti, Chopin, Stelarc and the Auratic Intensities of the Postmodern Techno-Body.Nicholas Zurbrugg - 1999 - Body and Society 5 (2-3):93-115.
  22. added 2017-02-14
    Postmodern.Bernd Magnus - 1995 - In Audi Robert (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 634--35.
  23. added 2017-02-14
    The Resources of Rationality: A Response to the Postmodern Challenge.Calvin O. Schrag - 1992 - Indiana University Press.
    . This work will be useful to all who wonder what to do about the largely negative results of postmodern thought.Ó ÑJoseph C. Flay The Resources of Rationality addresses the postmodernist assault on the claim of reason and develops a ...
  24. added 2017-02-14
    Theorizing the Postmodern.Linda Hutcheon - 1992 - In Charles Jencks (ed.), The Post-Modern Reader. St. Martin' Press. pp. 76--93.
  25. added 2017-02-14
    Rebirth of Value: Meditations on Beauty, Ecology, Religion, and Education.Frederick Turner - 1991 - State University of New York Press.
    Taking as his starting-point the emerging scientific view of the universe as a free, unpredictable, self-ordering evolutionary process in which human cultural history plays a leading part, Turner (arts and humanities, U. of Texas at Dallas) ...
  26. added 2017-02-14
    Jean Morange, Libertés Publiques Reviewed By.Jocelyn R. Beausoleil - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5 (10):467-469.
  27. added 2017-02-14
    Jean Brun, Les Masques du Désir Reviewed By.Ghyslain Charron - 1982 - Philosophy in Review 2 (5):207-210.
  28. added 2017-02-13
    The Sasanian Relief at Rag-I Bibi (Northern Afghanistan).Frantz Grenet, Jonathan Lee, Philippe Martinez & Francois Ory - 2007 - In After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam. pp. 243-267.
  29. added 2017-02-13
    Postmodern Context and Marxian Philosophy [J].Yang Haifeng - 2004 - Modern Philosophy 4:000.
  30. added 2017-02-13
    Modern Facts and Postmodern Interpretations.Theodore M. Porter - 2001 - Annals of Science 58 (4):417-422.
  31. added 2017-02-13
    Socialism: Modern Hopes, Postmodern Shadows.Peter Beilharz - 2001 - In Barry Smart & George Ritzer (eds.), Handbook of Social Theory. Sage Publications.
  32. added 2017-02-13
    Georgette de Montenay and the Device of the Dordrecht Printer, François Bosselaer.Alison Adams - 2001 - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance 63 (1):63-72.
  33. added 2017-02-13
    François Ou Rommant? Une Variante Originale du Mythe de la Langue Maternelle.Olivier Pot - 1996 - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance 58 (2):381-404.
  34. added 2017-02-13
    Is the Problem Drug Addiction or Society? Amoral Reflections on the Postmodern.C. Kamoouh - 1996 - Télos 1996 (108):105-116.
  35. added 2017-02-13
    Who Wants a Postmodern Physics?Cathryn Carson - 1995 - Science in Context 8 (4).
  36. added 2017-02-12
    Bioweapons: Postmodern Ruminations on a Premodern Modality.Ruth Cecire - 2009 - Feminist Studies 35 (1):41-65.
  37. added 2017-02-12
    What is Left About the Postmodern.Renee Heberle - 2005 - Theory and Event 8 (2).
  38. added 2017-02-12
    Sublime Desire: History and Post-1960 Fiction (Review).Laura Savu - 2003 - Symploke 11 (1):266-267.
  39. added 2017-02-12
    The Visionary Moment: A Postmodern Critique (Review).Derek Parker Royal - 2002 - Symploke 10 (1):208-210.
  40. added 2017-02-12
    Postmodern Perspectives and Justice.Peter Murphy - 1991 - Thesis Eleven 30 (1):117-132.
  41. added 2017-02-11
    François Raffoul, The Origins of Responsibility. [REVIEW]Yasemin Sari - 2012 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 16 (1):266-270.
  42. added 2017-02-11
    On Choosing Not to See.James V. Schall - 2006 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2006 (136):167-172.
    I.One of the most instructive passages I have ever read is found in C. S. Lewis' The Abolition of Man, about the textbook writers and the waterfalls. The story goes that the English poet Coleridge records the reaction of two ordinary tourists on first seeing a particularly lovely waterfall. One of these tourists called it “pretty,” while the other called it “sublime.” Coleridge, of course, thought the tourist calling it “sublime” was correct, while the one calling it merely “pretty” was (...)
  43. added 2017-02-10
    Is Metaphysics Possible in the Postmodern Age?M. E. Soboleva - 2003 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 42 (3):52-69.
    Metaphysics, understood as the first philosophy, that is, the science of the ultimate foundations and principles of being, has long been declared an anachronism in the postmodern period.1 The pluralistic character of being, the heterogeneity of types of philosophical discourse and their mutual irreducibility, the spatiotemporal discreteness of various ontologies and epistemologies, the understanding of tradition as a given that needs to be overcome rather than continued—all these indicators point to the paradigm of new thinking within which flows the mainstream (...)
  44. added 2017-02-09
    Postmodern Platos.Michael Dink - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (1):183-186.
  45. added 2017-02-01
    Postmodernism and the Education of the Whole Person.Paul Standish - 1995 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 29 (1):121–135.
  46. added 2017-01-30
    Sublime Poussin.Catherine Porter (ed.) - 1999 - Stanford University Press.
    "Art history and art theory are inseparable. A history of art can be achieved only through the simultaneous construction of a theory of art." These words of the eminent scholar and critic Louis Marin suggest why he considered the paintings and the writings of Nicolas Poussin, painter and theoretician of painting, an enduring source of inspiration. Poussin was the artist to whom Marin returned most faithfully over the years. Since Marin did not live to write his proposed book on Poussin, (...)
  47. added 2017-01-29
    Musings on Postmodern Politics.Eugene Mccarthy - 1995 - Humanitas 8 (1):3-5.
  48. added 2017-01-29
    Meeting at the Interface: Rhetoric, Philosophy and Postmodern Ways of Knowing.Dennis John Ciesielski - 1995 - Dissertation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
    This dissertation investigates the relation between postmodern philosophies of language and contemporary studies in rhetoric and composition. ;Chapter one addresses the modern/postmodern dichotomy in a review of contemporary and historical thinkers. Most notable here is an analysis of Jean Francois Lyotard's "Report on Knowledge" and Jurgen Habermas's "Modernity: an Incomplete Project" and the conclusion that postmodernism is, indeed, an epoch in its own right. ;Chapters two through four investigate the composing process's aesthetic nature in a comparative presentation of Marcel Duchamp's (...)
  49. added 2017-01-29
    Conjunctions: Studies in Twentieth Century Women's Literature and the Sublime.Barbara Claire Freeman - 1989 - Dissertation, University of California, Santa Cruz
    My dissertation examines two predominant topics in contemporary cultural and literary studies: those of feminine sexual difference and the sublime. It explores what the current preoccupation with the sublime has to do with modern and postmodern women's writing fiction and feminist thought, and seeks to discover what in the theory of the sublime may be, and have been, gendered as feminine. I discuss some of the classic texts that make up the sublime canon in light of recent male critical treatments (...)
  50. added 2017-01-29
    Philosophy in its Variety Essays in Memory of François Bordet.Christopher Mcknight, Marcel Stchedroff & François Bordet - 1987
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