Jean-Paul Sartre

Edited by Matthew Eshleman (University of North Carolina at Wilmington)
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  1. added 2020-05-23
    Радичков другарува с думите.Vasil Penchev - 2000 - "Филвест".
    A few works of the famous Bulgarian writer Yordan Radichkov (1929-2004) are interpreted philosophically. What is investigated is the availability and inovation of well-known ideas of Western philosophy in them. The great literature refers to human life and being: thus, it shares many topics with philosophy.
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  2. added 2020-05-22
    Свирепа Философия. Творчеството на Радичков като философска тема.Vasil Penchev - 2007 - Sofia: Академично издателство "Проф. Марин Дринов".
    The famous Bulgariann writer Yordan Radichkov's works are interpreted philosophically. The genre of philosophical and literary criticism is utilized. Any great writer referring to considerable questions of human life and being, and thus, philosophical. A few short stories, plays, and novels of Radichkov (1929-2004) are interpreted accordingly their philosophical content.
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  3. added 2020-05-20
    Existentialism and Monty Python: Kafka, Camus, Nietzsche, and Sartre.Edward Slowik - 2006 - In George Reisch & G. Hardcastle (eds.), Monty Python and Philosophy. Chicago, IL: Open Court: pp. 173-186.
    This essay utilizes the work of the comedy group, Monty Python, as a means of introducing basic concepts in Existentialism, especially as it pertains to the writings of Nietzsche, Sartre, and Camus.
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  4. added 2020-05-15
    Violence and Revolutionary Subjectivity.Christopher J. Finlay - 2006 - European Journal of Political Theory 5 (4):373-397.
    The purpose of this article is to explore the relationship between revolution and violence in Marxism and in a series of texts drawing on Marxian theory. Part 1 outlines the basic normative frameworks which determine the outer limits of permissible violence in Marxism. Part 2 presents a critical analysis of a series of later discussions - by Sorel, Fanon and Žižek - which transformed the terms in which violence was discussed by developing one particular aspect of Marxist thought. By teasing (...)
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  5. added 2020-05-01
    Fear, Anxiety, and Boredom.Lauren Freeman & Andreas Elpidorou - 2020 - In Thomas Szanto & Hilge Landweer (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Phenomenology of Emotion. New York: Routledge. pp. 392-402.
    Phenomenology's central insight is that affectivity is not an inconsequential or contingent characteristic of human existence. Emotions, moods, sentiments, and feelings are not accidents of human existence. They do not happen to happen to us. Rather, we exist the way we do because of and through our affective experiences. Phenomenology thus acknowledges the centrality and ubiquity of affectivity by noting the multitude of ways in which our existence is permeated by our various affective experiences. Yet, it also insists that such (...)
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  6. added 2020-04-02
    Speaking for Oneself. Wittgenstein, Nabokov and Sartre on How (Not) to Be a Philistine.Benjamin De Mesel - 2015 - Philosophy 90 (4):555-580.
    The aim of this article is twofold. First, I want to offer an introduction of and a comparison between three accounts of philistinism. Secondly, I show how the phenomenon of philistinism, a failure to speak for oneself, helps to develop an original perspective on Wittgenstein’s moral thought. It is often claimed that Wittgenstein’s personal ethics were quite unorthodox because he repeatedly seems to have supported destruction, war and slavery. I argue that, in the light of my discussion of philistinism, the (...)
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  7. added 2020-03-29
    Review of Judith P. Butler 'Subjects of Desire. Hegelian Reflections in Twentieth-century France'. [REVIEW]Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1990 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 82 (1):174-175.
    A review of Butler's first book. An English version has been posted.
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  8. added 2020-03-24
    The Philosophy-Ladenness of Perception: A Philosophical Analysis of Perception In Husserl and Sartre.Mika Suojanen - 2018 - Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 17:110–129.
    The basic entity in phenomenology is the phenomenon. Knowing the phenomenon is another issue. The phenomenon has been described as the real natural object or the appearance directly perceived in phenomenology and analytic philosophy of perception. Within both traditions, philosophers such as Husserl, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Russell and Wittgenstein have considered that perceptual experience demonstrates what a phenomenon is on the line between the mind and the external world. Therefore, conceptualizing the phenomenon is based on the perceptual evidence. However, if the (...)
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  9. added 2020-02-26
    Sexual Meaning and Social Pathology: Merleau-Ponty Contra Sartre.Matthew Rukgaber & Rukgaber Matthew S. - 2020 - Études Phénoménologiques 1 (4):201-224.
    This article explores the importance of Merleau-Ponty’s account of sexuality for his early theories of existence and expression. The holistic, social, and plural nature of expressive human behavior, which is elaborated in The Structure of Behavior, is used to argue against criticisms that his early works remain stuck in naturalism. Upon this theory of expression and through a close reading of 'Le corps comme être sexué' chapter of the Phenomenology of Perception, many classic criticisms of his phenomenology of sexuality are (...)
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  10. added 2020-02-12
    Feminist Interpretations of Jean-Paul Sartre. Edited by Julien S. Murphy. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press. 1999.Marcella Tarozzi Goldsmith - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (4):226-228.
  11. added 2020-02-12
    The Marxism of Jean-Paul Sartre.Mary Warnock - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (23):757-761.
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  12. added 2020-02-11
    The Bodily Nature of Consciousness: Sartre and Contemporary Philosophy of Mind.Shaun Gallagher - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):577-582.
  13. added 2020-02-11
    Jean-Paul Sartre and the Politics of Reason: A Theory of History.William L. McBride - 1995 - Ethics 105 (4):955-957.
  14. added 2020-02-11
    Emotion in the Thought of Sartre.Irving Thalberg - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (66):76-77.
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  15. added 2019-11-13
    Metáforas da consciência. Da ontologia especular de Jean-Paul Sartre a Uma metafísica da resson'ncia.André Barata - 1999 - Porto, Portugal:
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  16. added 2019-11-03
    Rebellion and Authenticity The Artist and the Emergence of Meaning From Absurdity: An Aesthetic Examination of Sartre and Camus.James Podhorodecki - 2018 - Dissertation, Monash
    This thesis aims to explain why art is the ideal agent for overcoming the absurdity and the meaninglessness of existence. The focus is Camus’ Rebellion in conjunction with Sartre’s notion of Authenticity. Together they provide an adequate answer to the fundamental questions of human existence. Together Camus’ rebellion and Sartre’s authenticity provide the necessary foundations for the overall authenticity of art, facilitating the emergence of purpose from the abyss of absurdity.
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  17. added 2019-10-24
    Love and Violence.Katharine Wolfe - 2019 - Sartre Studies International 25 (2):37-56.
    Beginning with a study of need and its relationship to violence in Sartre’s Critique of Dialectical Reason, this paper argues that need, in the midst of scarcity, can both be a catalyst for violence and a force in the service of love. It warns against an antagonistic view of need and of ethics that emerges in Sartre’s Critique, drawing on Sartre’s own ongoing commitments to existentialism and also on the work of Primo Levi. In particular, it warns against the danger (...)
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  18. added 2019-10-24
    How Can Sartrean Consciousness Be Reverent?P. Sven Arvidson - 2019 - Sartre Studies International 25 (2):18-36.
    According to philosopher Paul Woodruff, reverent awe is a feeling of being limited or dwarfed by something larger than the human, usually accompanied by feelings of respect for fellow human beings. Drawing from Jean-Paul Sartre’s early philosophy, this article responds positively to the title question, showing how reverent awe is in bad faith yet is similar to anguish, and unique with respect to both. Especially remarkable in reverent awe is the feeling of connectedness to humankind. In section two, building on (...)
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  19. added 2019-10-24
    Contemporary "Structures" of Racism.Justin I. Fugo - 2019 - Sartre Studies International 25 (2):57-76.
    This paper develops an account of racism as rooted in social structural processes. Using Sartre, I attempt to give a general analysis of what I refer to as the “structures” of our social world, namely the practico-inert, serial collectives, and social groups. I then apply this analysis to expose and elucidate “racist structures,” specifically those that are oftentimes assumed to be ‘race neutral’. By highlighting structures of racial oppression and domination, I aim to justify: 1) the imperative of creating conditions (...)
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  20. added 2019-10-24
    Revisiting Existential Marxism.Ronald Aronson - 2019 - Sartre Studies International 25 (2):92-98.
    Alfred Betschart has claimed that the project of existential Marxism is a contradiction in terms, but this argument, even when supported by many experts and quotes from Sartre’s 1975 interview, misses the point of my Boston Review article, “The Philosophy of Our Time.” I believe the important argument today is not about whether we can prove that Sartre ever became a full-fledged Marxist, but rather about the political and philosophical possibility, and importance today, of existentialist Marxism.
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  21. added 2019-10-24
    Jean-Paul Sartre.Dennis A. Gilbert & Diana L. Burgin - 2019 - Sartre Studies International 25 (2):1-17.
    Sartre’s scattered commentaries and remarks on theater, published in a variety of media outlets, as well as in the most unlikely of essays, were finally assembled late in Sartre’s career and published in one volume, Un Théâtre de situations, put together by Michel Contat and Michel Rybalka in 1973. Inevitably, a number of later or missing theatrical documents then came to light, and an updated edition of Un Théâtre de situations appeared in 1992. There still remained, however, other documents on (...)
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  22. added 2019-10-24
    Sartre Was Not a Marxist.Alfred Betschart - 2019 - Sartre Studies International 25 (2):77-91.
    Ronald Aronson praises Jean-Paul Sartre’s existential Marxism in an essay in the Boston Review. I argue that existential Marxism is a case of a contradictio in adiecto. Sartre was never recognized as a Marxist by his contemporaries. He not only failed to show any interest in the question of economic exploitation, but most of the answers he gave in the Critique even contradicted Marxist theory. His expression of Marxism as the philosophy of our time seems to have rather been more (...)
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  23. added 2019-10-11
    Ontology, Authenticity, Freedom, and Truth in Heidegger’s and Sartre’s Philosophy.Dimitry Mentuz - 2018 - European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 1:76-83.
    Heidegger and Sartre developed the projects of their fundamental ontologies within the framework of the phenomenological approach. The traditional view of reality is based on dualistic oppositions of ideal and material, spirit and body, reality and possibility, and visibility and essence. It is phenomenology that enables elimination of the above-mentioned dualisms and restoration of the world’s ontological unity on a reliable foundation. Though Sartre’s existentialism was exposed to criticism both from right, and from the left intellectuals, and is not a (...)
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  24. added 2019-09-09
    The Nihilist.Raff Donelson - 2019 - In Seth Vannatta (ed.), The Pragmatism and Prejudice of Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. pp. 31-47.
    Scattered skeptical remarks and a general austerity that infused his writings have given Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes a reputation as some type of nihilist. Noted commentators such as Richard Posner and Albert Alschuler have claimed as much. This article seeks to correct this misunderstanding. Holmes was not a nihilist in the sense of being melancholy due to a belief that the world has no absolute moral values or gods. Instead, Holmes was a pragmatist in the spirit of William James and (...)
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  25. added 2019-08-28
    Il concetto di natura in Sartre.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1975 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 67 (1):43-59.
    I discuss how criticism of social sciences taken up in Sartre's ‘Critique of Dialectical Reason’ is conditioned by Sartre’s own assumptions concerning nature, the mind-matter relationship, human beings’ bodily dimension. Although he looked at Husserl’s ‘Crisis of the European Sciences’ as a model for his own criticism of the social sciences, he didn't consider the criticism of the concept of nature undertaken by Husserl himself. Such criticism eventually leads to overcome Cartesian dualism. Sartre, on the contrary, superposes phenomenological ways of (...)
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  26. added 2019-08-20
    Sartre’s Ontology. A Study of Being and Nothingness in the Light of Hegel’s Logic.James Daly - 1971 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 20 (3):312-314.
    Cutting out all reference to the popular and polemical, psychological and ideological resonances evoked in and by Sartre, this study takes up the challenge of considering the impressive work of Sartre as the latest metamorphosis of the Western philosophical heritage. As Professor Hartmann explains, he has included sufficient exposition of Sartre’s views to enable the reader without extensive knowledge of Sartre to follow the interpretation, but expects him to be conversant with Hegel and, to a lesser extent, with Husserl and (...)
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  27. added 2019-08-17
    Sartre’s Strange Appropriation of Hegel.Robert R. Williams - 1991 - The Owl of Minerva 23 (1):5-14.
    Alfred Schutz identified two different approaches to the problem of intersubjectivity. The first is the transcendental, which maintains the primacy of subjectivity, and identifies the problem of the other as a transcendental problem. For example, in Husserl’s phenomenological idealism, all meaning is relative to a transcendental constituting subject. Hence the “problem of intersubjectivity” is to show how the other comes to be constituted, comes to be meant as a sense. The difficulty with such an approach is that if the other (...)
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  28. added 2019-08-15
    Imagination: A Psychological Critique. [REVIEW]S. C. E. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (4):678-679.
    This early study is a key work, along with several other preliminary essays, for understanding the genesis of Sartre's Being and Nothingness. Well translated and with an excellent introduction and notes, the book contains the critical thesis that former theories of the imagination confused perception with imagination, and that imagination was properly recognized first by Husserl and was subsequently further clarified by Sartre in his notion of the nihilating consciousness. --E. S. C.
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  29. added 2019-08-08
    Master, Slave and Merciless Struggle.Kate Kirkpatrick - 2019 - Sartre Studies International 25 (1):22-34.
    In his biography of Jean Genet, Sartre says his aim is ‘to demonstrate that freedom alone can account for a person in his totality’. Building on my reading of Being and Nothingness in Sartre on Sin, I examine the compatibility of Sartrean freedom and love in Saint Genet. Sartre’s account of Genet’s person is largely a loveless one in which there is no reciprocity, others are ‘empty shells’ and love is ‘only the lofty name which [Genet] gives to onanism’. I (...)
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  30. added 2019-08-08
    Does the City of Ends Correspond to a Classless Society?Maria Russo - 2019 - Sartre Studies International 25 (1):52-68.
    In the Critique of Dialectical Reason and in many interviews, Sartre upheld the proletariat’s attempts at emancipation in Western societies and their revolts in the developing world. In these texts, counter-violence is considered the only way to exercise concrete engagement, and a classless society is presented as the only possibility of reducing social inequalities. However, this radical point of view was not the only perspective he tried to develop. He also sought to elaborate an existentialist ethics, which does not correspond (...)
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  31. added 2019-08-08
    Alienation and Affectivity.Kathleen Lennon & Anthony Wilde - 2019 - Sartre Studies International 25 (1):35-51.
    In this article, we explore Beauvoir’s account of what she claims is an alienated relation to our ageing bodies. This body can inhibit an active engagement with the world, which marks our humanity. Her claims rest on the binary between the body-for-itself and the body-in-itself. She shares this binary with Sartre, but a perceptive phenomenology of the affective body can also be found, which works against this binary and allows her thought to be brought into conversation with Levinas. For Levinas, (...)
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  32. added 2019-08-08
    L'Image Entre le Corps Et L'Esprit.Vincent de Coorebyter - 2019 - Sartre Studies International 25 (1):1-21.
    En 1927, Sartre dépose à l’Ecole normale supérieure un mémoire sur l’image, qui vient enfin d’être publié. Il y défend déjà une des thèses centrales de L’Imagination et de L’Imaginaire, à savoir que l’image mentale n’est pas un tableau intérieur, la reproduction de sensations anciennes : c’est une création, un acte de liberté. Dans son mémoire, Sartre inscrit l’image dans la vie du corps et de l’esprit, d’une manière encore hésitante mais aussi très inventive, qui éclaire ses livres ultérieurs sur (...)
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  33. added 2019-07-29
    Becoming L'homme Imaginaire: The Role of Imagination in Overcoming the Cir-Cularity in Satre's Critique of Dialectical Reason.Austin Smidt - 2011 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 7 (1):76-86.
    This article attempts to wed together two supposedly disparate works of Jean-Paul Sartre, The Psychology of the Imagination and Critique of Dialectical Reason in order to construct a theory of the imagination that will aid progressive political theory in its pursuit of perpetual ‘mediated reciprocity’. Often assumed incapable of providing a viable theory of positive intersubjective relations, this article asserts that Sartre’s work does in fact have the resources for such an endeavor. Through the continual creation of ‘images’, the group-in-fusion (...)
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  34. added 2019-07-24
    Il concetto di eros in Le deuxième sexe di Simone de Beauvoir.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1976 - In V. Melchiorre (ed.), Amore e matrimonio nel pensiero filosofico e teologico moderno. MIlano, Italy: Vita e Pensiero. pp. 296-318..
    The most original discovery in Beauvoir’s book is one more Columbus’s egg, namely that it is far from obvious that a woman is a woman. That is, her discovery is that a woman is the result of a process that made so that she is like she is. The paper discusses two aspects of the, so-to-say ‘ideology’ inspiring the work. The first is its ideology in the proper, Marxian, sense. My claim is that the work still pays a heavy price (...)
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  35. added 2019-06-10
    Sartre, Existentialism and Humanism.Thomas Baldwin - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 20:287-307.
    Sartre presented ‘Existentialism and Humanism’ to a popular audience in Paris late in 1945. As he implies in the discussion which is appended to the text of the lecture , he was here simplifying his views so as to make them intelligible to a wide audience. In this he succeeded only too well; the lecture has become exceedingly well known and has been regarded as a definitive presentation not only of Sartre's philosophy at the time, but also of ‘existentialism’. One (...)
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  36. added 2019-06-07
    Le catéchisme de Jean-Paul II: Une élaboration de douze années.M. Simon - 2002 - Revue Théologique de Louvain 33 (2):211-238.
    Sont intervenus dans la rédaction du C.É.C. majoritairement des évêques : ceux de la Commission directrice, ceux du Comité de rédaction qui en ont rédigé les trois premières parties, le tiers de l’Épiscopat qui a proposé de multiples amendements et le pape lui-même. D’autres membres de l’Église ont aussi joué un rôle important : le rédacteur de la quatrième partie et le secrétaire de rédaction et tous les experts qui ont été consultés à diverses étapes de son élaboration. De schéma (...)
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  37. added 2019-06-07
    Inscriptions Grecques Et Latines de la Syrie, Tome XIII, Fasc. 1: Bostra, Nos. 9001–9472. [REVIEW]P. M. Fraser - 1985 - The Classical Review 35 (1):226-227.
  38. added 2019-06-07
    Critique of Dialectical Reason.Mary Warnock - 1982 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 14:97-108.
    The Critique of Dialectical Reason was first published in France twenty years ago, in 1960. The book, we know from Simone de Beauvoir, was flung together in a hurry, written virtually without correction during the height of the Algerian war, a period, for Sartre, of stress and anxious stock-taking of his position as a Marxist and a long-term non-joiner of the Communist Party. The whole sense in which, in 1960, Sartre was a Marxist, the question of precisely how eccentric his (...)
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  39. added 2019-06-07
    Marcel François: Processions, Dialectique, Structure. [REVIEW]Dieter Wyss - 1979 - Perspektiven der Philosophie 5:371.
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  40. added 2019-06-06
    Re-Examining Sartre’s Reading of The Myth Of Sisyphus.Mathew Lamb - 2012 - Philosophy Today 56 (1):100-111.
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  41. added 2019-06-06
    Sartre’s Absolute Freedom in Being and Nothingness: The Problems Persist.Iddo Landau - 2012 - Philosophy Today 56 (4):463-473.
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  42. added 2019-06-06
    Is Sartre’s Les Mouches Sartrean?Jonathan Salem-Wiseman - 2012 - Philosophy Today 56 (1):90-99.
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  43. added 2019-06-06
    Sartre’s Hyperbolic Ontology: Being and Nothingness Revisited.Thomas W. Busch - 2011 - Symposium 15 (1):191-200.
    Late in his career, Sartre told us that “subjectivity is not what it is for me now,” but I do not think that this should be understood as simple rejection. Rather, I think that his notion of the “spiral” best expresses his meaning. The development of his thought progressed through levels of integrating new experience with the past and, in the process, refigured the past. Sartre was, all along, a philosopher protective of subjectivity and freedom, but these notionsunderwent transformation over (...)
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  44. added 2019-06-06
    Camus and the Theatre of Terror: Artaudian Dramaturgy and Settler Society in the Works of Albert Camus*: Christopher Churchill.Christopher Churchill - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (1):93-121.
    This essay examines Albert Camus's considerable debt to Antonin Artaud. Camus was not only a dramatist, but he also employed dramaturgical techniques in his more famous fiction and essays. In this regard, Artaud's ideas on social reconstitution through aesthetic terror were crucial to the development of many of Camus's most famous works, written both in Algeria and in France before and after World War II. This article considers the ways in which aesthetic–political techniques adapted from Artaud's Theatre of Cruelty were (...)
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  45. added 2019-06-06
    Humanist Pretensions: Catholics, Communists, and Sartre's Struggle for Existentialism in Postwar France*: Edward Baring.Edward Baring - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (3):581-609.
    This article reconsiders Sartre's seminal 1945 talk, “Existentialism is a Humanism,” and the stakes of the humanism debate in France by looking at the immediate political context that has been overlooked in previous discussions of the text. It analyses the political discussion of the term “humanism” during the French national elections of 1945 and the rumbling debate over Sartre's philosophy that culminated in his presentation to the Club Maintenant, just one week after France went to the polls. A consideration of (...)
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  46. added 2019-06-06
    Sartre on Embodiment, Touch, and the “Double Sensation”.Dermot Moran - 2010 - Philosophy Today 54 (Supplement):135-141.
    The chapter titled “The Body” in Being and Nothingness offers a groundbreaking, if somewhat neglected, philosophical analysis of embodiment. As part of his “es- say on phenomenological ontology,” he is proposing a new multi-dimensional ontological approach to the body. Sartre’s chapter offers a radical approach to the body and to the ‘flesh’. However, it has not been fully appreciated. Sartre offers three ontological dimensions to embodiment. The first “ontological dimension” addresses the way, as Sartre puts it, “I exist my body.” (...)
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  47. added 2019-06-06
    Finding Lévinasian Passivity in Sartre's Descriptions of Shame.Kris Sealey - 2010 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 41 (3):274-286.
  48. added 2019-06-06
    In the World but Not Of the World: The Relation of Freedom to Time in Kant and Sartre.William S. Wilkerson - 2009 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (1):113-129.
    Kant’s and Sartre’s theories of freedom are both famous and controversial. Kant requires the subject to be both in time and not in time in order to be fully free, while Sartre seemingly requires that the subject continually reinvent itself each moment. I argue that these peculiarities stem from the similar way each thinker conceives of the relationship between freedom and time. A full and meaningful account of human freedom requires both continuity and rupture in the flow of time, and (...)
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  49. added 2019-06-06
    The Glass Shatters and Ducks Turn Into Rabbits: Bad Faith and Moral Luck: Dialogue.Matthew King - 2008 - Dialogue 47 (3-4):583-602.
    ABSTRACT This article shows how the “problem of moral luck” and Sartre's concept of “bad faith” are mutually illuminating, since both have to do with confusions about how much we control, or are controlled by, our situations. I agree with three recent proposals that the problem of moral luck results from certain epistemic malfunctions. However, I argue that the problem cannot be dissolved by overcoming these malfunctions because they are rooted in bad faith. Against the currently dominant interpretation, I argue (...)
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  50. added 2019-06-06
    Percezione, Coscienza Immaginativa Ed Emozione. Osservazioni Su Sartre.Riccardo Roni - 2008 - Idee 68:231-243.
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1 — 50 / 2605