Johann Gottlieb Fichte

Edited by Owen Ware (University of Toronto, St. George Campus, University of Toronto at Mississauga)
About this topic
Summary

Johann Gottlieb Fichte is a key figure in the landscape of post-Kantian idealism. From 1794 up to the final year of his life in 1814, Fichte attempted to formulate a unified philosophical programme that would combine, in a single system, the main branches of theoretical and practical philosophy. At the heart of this programme we find Fichte’s idea of a ‘doctrine of science’ (Wissenschaftslehre) that tries to articulate the fundamental principles of human cognition on the basis of the ‘I’ and its self-positing activity. In subsequent years he worked to articulate a ‘doctrine of right’ (Rechtslehre) in the Foundations of Natural Right (1795/96), and a ‘doctrine of ethics’ (Sittenlehre) in the System of Ethics (1798), both of which Fichte published under the subtitle ‘according to the principles of the Wissenschaftslehre.’ In later years he also worked and lectured on a doctrine of religion (Religionslehre). In addition to his philosophical writings, Fichte produced numerous popular works, such as Some Lectures Concerning the Scholar’s Vocation, the Vocation of Human Beings (1800), and The Way Towards the Blessed Life (1806). 

Key works Fichte's main philosophical works are: Foundations for the Entire Doctrine of Ethics (Fichte 1970); Foundations of Natural Right According to the Principles of the Wissenschaftslehre (Fichte 2000); and the System of Ethics According to the Principles of the Wissenschaftslehre  (Fichte 2005).
Introductions For introductions to Fichte's philosophical system, see Breazeale (Breazeale 2013) and Wood (Wood 2016).
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2394 found
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1 — 50 / 2394
  1. Fichte and the Phenomenological Tradition.T. Rockmore , V. Waibel, D. Breazeale (ed.) - 2010
  2. Patriot oder Nationalist? Rezeption von Fichtes Reden an die deutsche Nation in Russland und der Ukraine.Vladimir Alekseevic Abaschnik - 2012 - Fichte-Studien 38:233-247.
  3. Patriot oder Nationalist? Rezeption von Fichtes Reden an die deutsche Nation in Russland und der Ukraine.Vladimir Alekseevic Abaschnik - 2012 - Fichte-Studien 38:233-247.
  4. Die ersten Fichteaner über die Schwierigkeiten des Verständnisses der Wissenschaftslehre.Vladimir Alekseevic Abaschnik - 2006 - Fichte-Studien 30:105-113.
  5. J.B. Schads Wirkungen in der Ukraine im ersten Drittel des Neunzehnten Jahrhunderts.Wladimir A. Abaschnik - 2000 - Fichte-Studien 18:149-187.
  6. Das Konzept des geschlossenen Handelsstaates Fichtes in der Rezeption von Vassilij Nasarovic Karasin.Wladimir Alexejevic Abaschnik - 2003 - Fichte-Studien 24:143-154.
  7. Das Konzept des geschlossenen Handelsstaates Fichtes in der Rezeption von Vassilij Nasarovic Karasin.Wladimir Alexejevic Abaschnik - 2003 - Fichte-Studien 24:143-154.
  8. Il Sistema di Jacobi: Ragione, Esistenza, Persona.Ariberto Acerbi - 2010 - G. Olms.
  9. Jacobi e l'interpretazione fichtiana della Lettera a Fichte (1799, 1816). Realismo, idealismo, nichilismo.Ariberto Acerbi - 2010 - Acta Philosophica 19 (1):11-36.
    Philosophical reflections about the complex relationship between Jacobi and Fichte on realism and idealism.
  10. Die Wissenschaftslehre als Kunstwerk. Bloß ein Gleichnis? Versuch einer ästhetischen Betrachtung der Wissenschaftslehre.Emiliano Acosta - 2014 - Fichte-Studien 41:23-43.
  11. Exposición de Los Conceptos de «Restrictividad» y «Exhortación» a Partir de Los §§ 15 y 16 Del Manuscrito Krause de la Doctrina de la Ciencia Nova Methodo = Interpretation of the Concepts of «Restrictiveness» and «Exhortation» Based on §§ 15 and 16 of the Krause Manuscript of the Doctrine of Science Nova Methodo. [REVIEW]Emiliano Acosta - 2012 - Endoxa 30:315.
  12. Revista de Estudos Sobre Fichte.Emiliano Acosta, Danilo Vaz Curado & Agemir Bavaresco - unknown
    The present number gathers papers concerning following topics: Fichte's theory of property and the systematic, conceptual and historic relations between Fichte and Kant, Schelling and Schiller.
  13. Fichte.Robert Adamson - 1881 - W. Blackwood.
  14. The Practical Absolute: Fichte's Hidden Poetics.Anthony Curtis Adler - 2007 - Continental Philosophy Review 40 (4):407-433.
    The following paper argues that J.G. Fichte, despite his apparent philosophical neglect of art and aesthetics, does develop a strong, original, and coherent account of art, which not only allows the theorization of modern, non-representative art forms, but indeed anticipates Nietzsche and Heidegger in conceiving of truth in terms of art rather than scientific rationality. While the basis of Fichte’s philosophy of art is presented in the essay “On Spirit and Letter in Philosophy,” it is not developed systematically either in (...)
  15. Warum wir alle gleich ticken.Rainer Adolphi - 2016 - Fichte-Studien 42:135-151.
  16. Eine nicht eingestandene Auseinandersetzung. Über das implizite Verhältnis von späterem Fichte und Schelling.Rainer Adolphi - 2012 - Fichte-Studien 37:63-94.
  17. Eine nicht eingestandene Auseinandersetzung. Über das implizite Verhältnis von späterem Fichte und Schelling.Rainer Adolphi - 2012 - Fichte-Studien 37:63-94.
  18. Die Tatsachen der Tathandlung. Über Fichtes implizite Auseinandersetzung mit den Anfängen einer ›anthropologischen‹ Depotenzierung der Vernunft.Rainer Adolphi - 2009 - Fichte-Studien 32:79-128.
  19. Weltbild und Ich-Verständnis.Rainer Adolphi - 2003 - Fichte-Studien 23:1-37.
  20. Weltbild und Ich-Verständnis: Die Transformation des >Primats der praktischen Vernunft< beim späteren Fichte.Rainer Adolphi - 2003 - Fichte-Studien 23:1-37.
  21. Der späte Fichte und Hegel über das Absolute und Systematizität.Rolf Ahlers - 2006 - Fichte-Studien 30:187-200.
  22. Der späte Fichte und Hegel über das Absolute und Systematizität.Rolf Ahlers - 2006 - Fichte-Studien 30:187-200.
  23. Fichte, Jacobi und Reinhold über Spekulation und Leben.Rolf Ahlers - 2003 - Fichte-Studien 21:1-25.
  24. Philosophie zur Herstellung der Wehrtüchtigkeit: Der Weltkriegsfichteanismus Ernst Bergmanns.Alexander Aichele - 2012 - Fichte-Studien 36:431-449.
  25. Philosophie zur Herstellung der Wehrtüchtigkeit.Alexander Aichele - 2012 - Fichte-Studien 36:431-449.
  26. ¿Por qué somos corporales?: el tema del cuerpo de Kant a Fichte.Manuel Luna Alcoba - 2004 - Cuadernos Salmantinos de Filosofía 31:61-86.
  27. Fichte und die Reform des preußischen Heeres.Elena Alessiato - 2016 - Fichte-Studien 43:374-396.
    At the beginning of the 19. century the call for a general reform of the State rose in Prussia: after the collapse of the German Empire in 1806, the need for reform became still more pressing. A fundamental part of this renovation process was the reform of the Prussian army, to which men like Clausewitz, the general von Scharnhorst, the war ministers von Stein and later von Boyen contributed. All they were convinced that a new way of making war was (...)
  28. Foundations of Transcendental Philosophy, Johann Fichte, Ed. And Trans. Daniel Breazeale. [REVIEW]B. Allen - 1994 - History of European Ideas 18:820-820.
  29. Foundations of Transcendental Philosophy Nova Methodo. [REVIEW]Barry Allen - 1994 - History of European Ideas 18 (5):820-821.
  30. Thinking Through the Wissenschaftslehre: Themes From Fichte’s Early Philosophy by Daniel Breazeale. [REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (1):164-165.
  31. Matters of Spirit: J. G. Fichte and the Technological Imagination. [REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2011 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (2):259-261.
  32. Review of Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Allen Wood (Ed.), Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation[REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (5).
  33. The Significance of the Other in Moral Education: Fichte on the Birth of Subjectivity.Matthew C. Altman - 2008 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 25 (2):175 - 186.
  34. Review of J.G. Fichte, Walter E. Wright (Ed.), The Science of Knowing: J. G. Fichte's 1804 Lectures on the Wissenschaftslehre[REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (11).
  35. The Self as Creature and Creator: Fichte and Freud Against the Enlightenment.Matthew C. Altman & Cynthia D. Coe - 2007 - Idealistic Studies 37 (3):179-202.
    The conception of subjectivity that dominates the Western philosophical tradition, particularly during the Enlightenment, sets up a simple dichotomy: either the subject is ultimately autonomous or it is merely a causally determined thing. Fichte and Freud challenge this model by formulating theories of subjectivity thattranscend this opposition. Fichte conceives of the subject as based in absolute activity, but that activity is qualified by a check for which it is not ultimately responsible. Freud explains the behavior of the self in terms (...)
  36. The Unquiet Spirit of Idealism: Fichte's Drive to Freedom and the Paradoxes of Finite Subjectivity.Matthew Christopher Altman - 2001 - Dissertation, The University of Chicago
    This dissertation examines Fichte's critical idealism in an effort to formulate a compelling model of how we can be said to be free, despite our subjection to both rational and nonrational constraints. ;Fichte grounds idealism in a "drive to freedom" that involves two disparate strands of thought: the standpoint of idealism is said to be both the result of an absolutely free adoption of the principle of self-determination and conditioned by reason, to which the finite I is necessarily subject. However, (...)
  37. Die Logik der politischen Beziehung.Carla Amadio - 2003 - Fichte-Studien 24:103-111.
  38. Ästhetik und Politik von der Grundlage der gesammten Wissenschaftslehre aus.Carla Amadio - 1997 - Fichte-Studien 11:99-112.
  39. Ästhetik und Politik von der Grundlage der gesammten Wissenschaftslehre aus.Carla Amadio - 1997 - Fichte-Studien 11:99-112.
  40. Fichte, Johann Gottlieb. Gesamtausgabe der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Section 2, Vol. 10, Nachgelassene Schriften 1806-7. [REVIEW]Karl Ameriks - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (1):151-153.
  41. Realismus oder Idealismus? – Irrealismus!Sabine Ammon - 2007 - Fichte-Studien 31:81-92.
  42. Intersubjectivity, Species-Being, Actual Occasions: Social Ontology From Fichte to Whitehead.Weekes Anderson - 2016 - In Lukaszc Lamza & Jakub Dziadkowiec (eds.), Recent Advances in the Creation of a Process-Based Worldview: Human Life in Process. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 47–59.
    Whitehead claims there is only one type of individual in the universe—the actual entity—but there are necessarily multiple tokens of this type. This turns out to be paradoxical. Nevertheless, a type of individuality that is necessarily plural because, for each token, relations to other tokens are constitutive is something familiar from ordinary language, everyday politics, and, not least, 19th century German social thought. Whitehead’s actual entity generalizes the notion of species-being we find in Fichte, Feuerbach, and Marx. The rationale for (...)
  43. The Thought of a Principle: Rödl’s Fichteanism.Bruno G. Anthony - forthcoming - In Marina Bykova (ed.), The Bloomsbury Companion to Fichte. Bloomsbury.
    Sebastian Rödl portrays much of his work as attempts at articulating a German idealist view of self-consciousness. Although he rarely engages directly with German idealist texts, his accounts of first-person and second-person knowledge arrive at strikingly Fichtean theses regarding the necessary identity of subject and object in the former and the necessary reciprocity of subject and other in the latter. Despite this affinity, I argue, Rödl's accounts lack a feature that is essential to Fichte's and, indeed, to German idealism's distinctive (...)
  44. Was Fichte An Ethnic Nationalist? On Cultural Nationalism And Its Double.Abizadeh Arash - 2005 - History of Political Thought 26 (2):334-359.
    Even though Fichte's Reden an die deutsche Nation arguably constitutes one of the founding texts of nationalist political thought, it has received little scholarly attention from English-speaking political theorists. The French, by contrast, have a long tradition of treating Fichte as a central figure in the history of political thought, and have given considerable attention to the Reden in particular. While the dominant French interpretation, which construes the Reden as a non-ethnic cultural nationalist text, provides a welcome corrective to those (...)
  45. Buddhistische Unbestandigkeitssicht und Nietzsches Nihilismus.Kogaku Arifuku - 2018 - Fichte-Studien 46:222-246.
    Impermanence is one of the fundamental buddhist principles and of Japan’s typical view on life and world as well. The paper attempts to clear up commonalities and differences between the buddhist view of Impermanence and of Nietzsche’s Nihilism, and to compare the buddhist view with that of Nietzsche. The paper contains five chapters. The first argues for peculiarities of the buddhist, the second for Nietzsche’s view of Impermanence by looking at their common principle of Negation. The third and forth chapter (...)
  46. The Establishment of the State in Fichte’s System.Türker Armaner - unknown - Yeditepe'de Felsefe (Philosophy at Yeditepe) 1.
  47. Fichte E la Filosofia.A. MacC Armstrong & Arturo Massolo - 1950 - Philosophical Quarterly 1 (1):77.
  48. Fichte und die Frühromantik.Andreas Arndt - 2010 - Fichte-Studien 35:45-62.
  49. Fichte und die Frühromantik.Andreas Arndt - 2010 - Fichte-Studien 35:45-62.
  50. Hubert Fichte.Heinz Ludwig Arnold - 1981
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