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Summary John Locke (1632-1704) was an English philosopher best known for his empiricism (the denial of innate ideas or principles) and his attempt to reconcile the science of his day with our pre-theoretical conception of the world. His conception of the workings of the human mind provided an important basis for the discipline of psychology. A theme that makes itself felt throughout his work is epistemic humility: on Locke’s view, human knowledge is severely limited and hence dogmatism is to be resisted.
Key works Locke’s An Essay concerning Human Understanding (1689) is the major source for his metaphysics and epistemology. The best scholarly edition of this work is Peter Nidditch 1689, the first entry in Oxford’s new edition of Locke’s works, which, when complete, will displace the earlier unknown 1823 edition of the works, which is still consulted today. Locke’s contributions to political philosophy include the influential Letter on Toleration (1689, Locke 1937) and Two Treatises of Government (1690, Locke 1698).
Introductions For overviews of Locke's thought, see Jolley 1999 and Lowe 1993. Ayers 1991 covers Locke’s epistemology and metaphysics. Rogers 1994 a useful collection of articles. The standard biography of Locke is Woolhouse 2007.
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  1. Leaving the State of Nature: Strengths and Limits of Kant’s Transformation of the Social Contract Tradition.Helga Varden - forthcoming - Zeitschrift Für Politische Theorie.
    (Early) Modern social contract theories reject the idea that legal and political institutions are grounded in an alleged natural ordering or hierarchy of human beings, and instead argue that only government by a public (and not private) authority can fulfil the idea of justice as freedom and equality for all. To be authoritative and not just powerful, governing institutions must be shared as ours in this irreducible sense. I first outline how Kant’s ideal account of rightful freedom brilliantly transforms this (...)
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  2. Hobbes, Locke, and the Christian Commonwealth.Timothy Stanton & Tim Stuart-Buttle - forthcoming - Hobbes Studies:1-51.
    Locke refrained from engaging explicitly with Hobbes in any of his writings. Locke’s policy of non-engagement should be interpreted, we argue, neither as evidence of his lack of interest in (or ignorance of) Hobbes’s arguments, nor as an attempt to conceal from the uninitiated Locke’s covert Hobbesian commitments. Locke’s silence reveals rather than conceals. What it reveals is an absolute determination to “distinguish between the business of civil government and that of religion, and to mark the true bounds between them”. (...)
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  3. Hobbes and Locke: Meaning, Method, Modernity.Timothy Stanton & Tim Stuart-Buttle - forthcoming - Hobbes Studies:1-10.
    An introduction to the special issue on Hobbes and Locke: Meaning, Method, Modernity.
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  4. John Locke on Just Price.Eric Mack - 2024 - Locke Studies 24:1-26.
    Locke’s short essay, “Venditio,” offers a series of thought-provoking examples of prices that might or might not be viewed as just. Locke writes as though these examples and his comments about them point to a coherent doctrine about which agreed-to prices are morally acceptable and which are morally unacceptable. However, despite the acuity of some of Locke’s observations, no such coherent doctrine emerges from Locke’s discussions of these examples. Indeed, many of the conclusions Locke reaches as he moves from example (...)
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  5. Strauss’s Second Statement on Locke.Nasser Behnegar - 2016 - In Christopher Lynch & Jonathan Marks (eds.), Principle and prudence in Western political thought. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 339-356.
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  6. Principle and Practice in Locke’s Some Thoughts Concerning Education.Jonathan Marks - 2016 - In Christopher Lynch & Jonathan Marks (eds.), Principle and prudence in Western political thought. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 133-149.
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  7. 10 Alain Locke, José Vasconcelos, and José Martí, on Race, Nationality, and Cosmopolitanism.Jacoby Adeshei Carter - 2024 - In Jacoby Adeshei Carter & Hernando Arturo Estévez (eds.), Philosophizing the Americas. Fordham University Press. pp. 235-260.
  8. Hume, Locke, and the Demonstrability of God's Existence.Annemarie Butler - 2023 - In Kenneth Williford (ed.), Hume's _Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion_: A Philosophical Apparaisal. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
  9. Abstraction: Berkeley against Locke.Talia Mae Bettcher - 2011 - In Timo Airaksinen & Bertil Belfrage (eds.), Berkeley's lasting legacy: 300 years later. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 135-156.
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  10. Uber den widerspruch im wahrheitsbegriff in Lockes erkenntnislehre..M. Rowena Morse - 1904 - Jena,: Druck von A. Kämpfe.
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  11. Aproximações sobre o conceito de propriedade em Locke e Schopenhauer.Vinícius Edart - 2023 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 14 (1):e85271.
    O presente artigo tem como objetivo analisar o conceito de propriedade na teoria de Arthur Schopenhauer, contida principalmente na obra Parerga und Paralipomena e a teoria de John Locke, expressa no Segundo tratado sobre o governo civil e estabelecer relações entre os conceitos, de modo a demonstrar as semelhanças enquanto direito natural e suas diferenças enquanto direito positivado na teoria dos dois filósofos.
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  12. John Locke und die mechanische naturauffassung.Wilhelm Schröder - 1915 - Mülheim a. d. Ruhr,: Druck von J. Bagel.
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  13. Some Nineteenth-Century Additions to Christophersen.G. Kemerling - 1994 - Locke Studies 25.
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  14. LOCKE, D. - "Myself and Others: a Study in our Knowledge of Minds". [REVIEW]B. Gibbs - 1969 - Mind 78:632.
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  15. LOCKE, Don: Myself and Others.Alec Hyslop - 1969 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 47:385.
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  16. A Reply to Don Locke.F. Jackson - 1975 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 53:68.
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  17. LOCKE, DON-"Memory". [REVIEW]A. J. Holland - 1972 - Philosophy 47:285.
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  18. Language and Statecraft in Early Modern Venice. [REVIEW]Michael Knapton - 2009 - The Medieval Review 2.
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  19. Locke jakiego nie znamy.Zbigniew Ogonowski - 1970 - Człowiek I Światopogląd 1 (5):45-59.
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  20. Przypkowski i Locke wobec problemu tolerancji.Zbigniew Ogonowski - 1989 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 34.
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  21. Polonica w bibliotece Locke'a.Zbigniew Ogonowski - 1972 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 18.
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  22. Phil 5120 / 6120 - modern & recent Philosophy.Lex Newman - manuscript
    An Essay concerning Human Understanding , by John Locke ISBN: 0198245955. This is the standard scholarly edition of Locke's Essay published by Oxford and edited by Peter Nidditch. This version contains countless aids for the scholar and student and is the version of the..
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Locke: Metaphysics
  1. Substance and the Substance of Minds in Descartes and Locke.Eugenio Zaldivar - 2012 - Dissertation, University of Florida
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  2. Modality and Essence in Early Modern Philosophy.Anat Schechtman - 2024 - In Yitzhak Melamed & Samuel Newlands (eds.), Modality: A History. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pp. 61-84.
    This essay defends two theses regarding the explanation, or ground, of modality in the early modern period. First, for philosophers in the period, essences ground a range of important modal facts. Second, as the period progresses, we witness increased skepticism about certain modal facts, due to a growing skepticism about the scope or existence of essences. These theses are supported by examination of three case studies: Descartes’ treatment of substance and mode (which forms the core of his ontology); Malebranche’s treatment (...)
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  3. Stewart Duncan, "Materialism from Hobbes to Locke.".Geoffrey Gorham - 2024 - Philosophy in Review 44 (1):18-21.
  4. Identidade pessoal e mortalidade humana: Hobbes, Locke, Leibniz.Luc Foisneau - 2023 - Dois Pontos 20 (3).
    Ao refletir sobre o problema da identidade pessoal, Leibniz dialoga diretamente com Locke, a quem procura demonstrar que a consciência, concebida à maneira cartesiana, não é o único critério de identidade da pessoa humana. Nesse diálogo, Hobbes desempenha um papel essencial, que é triplo: primeiramente, na medida em que contribui, graças à sua teoria da pessoa natural, para distinguir o problema metafísico da individuação da substância e o problema moral da identidade da pessoa; depois, na medida em que coloca em (...)
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  5. Vi Locke, Butler and the Stream of Consciousness: And Men as Natural Kind.David Wiggins - 1976 - In Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), Identities of Persons. University of California Press. pp. 139-174.
  6. Existence, meaning, and reality in Locke's Essay and in present epistemology.Addison Webster Moore - 1903 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain (...)
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  7. What is (the) Matter – Locke, Leibniz, and the Controversy that Could not Take Place.Idan Shimony - 2011 - In Herbert Berger, Jürgen Herbst & Sven Erdner (eds.), Natur und Subjekt, IX. Internationaler Leibniz-Kongress. Gottfried-Wilhem-Leibniz-Gesellschaft. pp. Vol. 3, 1070-1079.
  8. John Locke and the Nominalist Tradition.John R. Milton - 1980 - In Reinhard Brandt (ed.), John Locke: symposium, Wolfenbüttel, 1979. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 128-145.
  9. Wholly Useless and Unserviceable to Knowledge.David Https://Orcidorg Wörner - 2023 - Locke Studies 23:1-29.
    In this paper I examine Locke’s criticism of the view that some species of natural objects are determined by real essences, a view I call species realism. Most commentators have focused either on Locke’s putative objections to the realist’s claim that species determining real essences exist or on his semantic case against the assumption that our species terms can refer to real essences that determine species. I identify another objection, which, I argue, is independent from both of these lines of (...)
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  10. Reseña. Carmen Silva. De la filosofía natural a la psicología de la moral en el Ensayo de John Locke. [REVIEW]Alberto Luis López - 2022 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 34:554-560.
    Reseña/Review of the book: Carmen Silva. "De la filosofía natural a la psicología de la moral en el Ensayo sobre el entendimiento humano de John Locke". Ciudad de México: Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México–Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes, 2021, 231pp.
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  11. Hume contra Aristóteles, Locke y Leibniz sobre la causalidad.Silvio Mota Pinto - 2020 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 59:367-396.
    Aristotle’s conception of causality and the ones Modern philosophers have bequeathed us have been exhaustively discussed, although the contrast between them has not, in my opinion, been sufficiently highlighted. This paper proposes to fill this gap. I start with Aristotelian causality and his theses that causal explanation requires knowledge of causal laws and that the necessity associated with these laws presupposes the existence of causal powers. I discuss next Locke’s and Leibniz’s attempts to modernize Aristotle’s theses on causality. The third (...)
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  12. Modes and composite material things according to Descartes and Locke.Martha Brandt Bolton - 2018 - In Philippe Hamou & Martine Pécharman (eds.), Locke and Cartesian Philosophy. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
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  13. Are body and extension the same thing? : Locke versus Descartes (versus More).Lisa Downing - 2018 - In Philippe Hamou & Martine Pécharman (eds.), Locke and Cartesian Philosophy. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
  14. The Cartesian element in Locke's anti-Cartesian conception of body.James Hill - 2018 - In Philippe Hamou & Martine Pécharman (eds.), Locke and Cartesian Philosophy. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
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  15. Locke on Cartesian bodies and Cartesian souls.Philippe Hamou - 2019 - In Steven Nadler, Tad M. Schmaltz & Delphine Antoine-Mahut (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
  16. Sobre el “triángulo general” de Locke, de Evert Willem Berth.Javier Fuentes - 2021 - Con-Textos Kantianos 14:107-134.
    Sobre el “triángulo general” de Locke, de Evert Willem Berth.
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  17. The Foundations of Knowledge and the Logic of Substance: The Structure of Locke's General Philosophy.Michael R. Ayers - 1998 - In Vere Chappell (ed.), Locke. Oxford University Press.
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  18. Locke on Space, Time, and God.Geoffrey Gorham - 2020 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 7.
    Locke is famed for his caution in speculative matters: “Men, extending their enquiries beyond their capacities and letting their thoughts wander into those depths where they can find no sure footing; ‘tis no wonder that they raise questions and multiply disputes”. And he is skeptical about the pretensions of natural philosophy, which he says is “not capable of being made a science”. And yet Locke is confident that “Our reason leads us to the knowledge of this certain and evident truth, (...)
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  19. An Analytical Study on John Locke's View of Nature. 김일방 - 2017 - Environmental Philosophy 24:155-182.
  20. Locke and Cartesian cosmology.Peter R. Anstey - 2018 - In Philippe Hamou & Martine Pécharman (eds.), Locke and Cartesian Philosophy. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 33–48.
    This chapter examines John Locke's interest in and views on the Cartesian vortex theory.
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  21. Locke's Last Word on Freedom: Correspondence with Limborch.Julie Walsh - 2018 - Res Philosophica 95 (4):637-661.
    JohnLocke’s 1700–1702 correspondencewith Dutch Arminian Philippus van Limborch has been taken by commentators as the motivation for modifications to the fifth edition of “Of Power,” the chapter in An Essay Concerning Human Understanding that treats freedom. In this paper, I offer the first systematic and chronological study of their correspondence. I argue that the heart of their disagreement is over how they define “freedom of indifference.” Once the importance of the disagreement over indifference is established, it is clear that when (...)
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  22. John Smith on the Immortality of the Soul.Derek A. Michaud - 2019 - In Plotinus' Legacy: The Transformation of Platonism from the Renaissance to the Modern Era. Cambridge University Press. pp. 160-179.
  23. Das Verhältnis John Locke's zur Scholastik. Tellkamp - 1930 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 37 (4):13-13.
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  24. John Locke-Theoretische Philosophie.Wolfgang Schwarz - 1954 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (3):432-433.
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  25. Stillingfleet and Locke on Substance, Essence, and Articles of Faith. E. Kort - 2005 - Locke Studies 5:149-178.
  26. The Possibility of Real Species in Locke: A Reply to Goodin.Pauline Phemister - 1997 - Locke Studies 28:77-86.
  27. Locke's View of Essence and its Relation to Racism: A Reply to Professor Bracken.K. Squadrito - 1994 - Locke Studies 25.
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  28. Locke on the Names of Substances.J. Troyer - 1994 - Locke Studies 25.
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