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  1. added 2020-01-16
    Butler: Implications of Naturalism.Kyle Ferguson - 2011 - Philosophical Forum 42 (3):304-305.
  2. added 2020-01-16
    Butler: Naturalism and Mortality.Kyle Ferguson - 2011 - Philosophical Forum 42 (3):304-305.
  3. added 2019-12-19
    Phenomenological Tendencies in British Moral Theory.Dallas Willard & Barry Smith - 1995 - In Lester Embree (ed.), Encyclopedia of Phenomenology. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 81-85.
    There is an inherent phenomenological tendency in British moral theory, especially from John Locke onward. The purpose of his Essay was, he said, to consider the discerning faculties of a man, as they are employed about the objects which they have to do with. This is language that might serve well in a general description of the work of Husserl and other phenomenologists.
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  4. added 2019-10-20
    L’évaluation de l’auto duperie : Butler, Clifford et la philosophie contemporaine.Anne Meylan - 2018 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 143:357-370.
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  5. added 2019-06-06
    Butler’s Argument Against Psychological Hedonism.Robert M. Stewart - 1992 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (2):211-221.
    It is widely thought among philosophers that Joseph Butler's criticism of psychological egoism in his Sermons is, in the words of A.E. Duncan-Jones, 'the classic refutation of it.' Indeed, no less a philosopher than David Hume restated and put forth Butler's central argument against hedonistic egoism - without due credit - as part of his own critique. Yet recent commentators have begun to question Butler's arguments, albeit usually with sympathy and in the hope of saving what they take to be (...)
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  6. added 2019-06-06
    Conscience and Reason in Butler’s Ethics.Michael S. Pritchard - 1978 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):39-49.
  7. added 2019-06-06
    A Problem in Joseph Butler’s Ethics.Edmund Leites - 1975 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):43-57.
  8. added 2019-06-06
    The Synthetic Principle in Butler's Ethics.H. G. Townsend - 1926 - International Journal of Ethics 37 (1):81-87.
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    Butler's Trapanese Origin of the Odyssey. [REVIEW]Arthur Platt - 1893 - The Classical Review 7 (6):254-255.
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  10. added 2018-05-08
    Constitutivism, Error, and Moral Responsibility in Bishop Butler's Ethics.David G. Dick - 2017 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 55 (4):415-438.
    In his writings on moral philosophy, Bishop Joseph Butler adopts an identifiably “constitutivist” strategy because he seeks to ground normativity in features of agency. Butler's constitutivist strategy deserves our attention both because he is an influential precursor to much modern moral philosophy and because it sheds light on current debates about constitutivism. For example, Butler's approach can easily satisfy the “error constraint” that is often thought to derail modern constitutivist approaches. It does this by defining actions relative to the kind (...)
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  11. added 2018-02-17
    The British Moralists and the Internal 'Ought': 1640–1740.Stephen Darwall - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a major work in the history of ethics, and provides the first study of early modern British philosophy in several decades. Professor Darwall discerns two distinct traditions feeding into the moral philosophy of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. On the one hand, there is the empirical, naturalist tradition, comprising Hobbes, Locke, Cumberland, Hutcheson, and Hume, which argues that obligation is the practical force that empirical discoveries acquire in the process of deliberation. On the other hand, there is (...)
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  12. added 2017-09-20
    Butler's Stone.John J. Tilley - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (4): 891–909.
    Early in the eleventh of his Fifteen Sermons, Joseph Butler advances his best-known argument against psychological hedonism. Elliott Sober calls that argument Butler’s stone, and famously objects to it. I consider whether Butler’s stone has philosophical value. In doing so I examine, and reject, two possible ways of overcoming Sober’s objection, each of which has proponents. In examining the first way I discuss Lord Kames’s version of the stone argument, which has hitherto escaped scholarly attention. Finally, I show that Butler’s (...)
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  13. added 2017-08-10
    Custom and Habit in Physiology and the Science of Human Nature in the British Enlightenment.John P. Wright - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):183-207.
    In this paper I show how what came to be known as “the double law of habit,” first formulated by Joseph Butler in a discussion of moral psychology in 1736, was taken up and developed by medical physiologists William Porterfield, Robert Whytt, and William Cullen as they disputed fundamental questions regarding the influence of the mind on the body, the possibility of unconscious mental processes, and the nature and extent of voluntary action. The paper shows, on a particular topic, the (...)
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  14. added 2017-05-31
    Joseph Butler on Forgiveness.Linda Radzik - 2014 - In Johannes Brachtendorf & Stephan Herzberg (eds.), Vergebung: Philosophische Perspektiven auf ein Problemfeld der Ethik. Muenster: Mentis. pp. 139-47.
    While Charles Griswold's interpretation of Bishop Butler's theory of forgiveness is an improvement over the standard reading, it leaves Butler unable to distinguish between forgiveness and justice. The emotions and actions that are offered as definitive of forgiveness instead merely show that the agent is not unjust. However, if we refocus our interpretation of Butler, we can see how he might disentangle forgiveness and justice.
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  15. added 2017-02-13
    Burkitt, GL, 223 Busen, RW, Buser, P., 215 Butler, S., 58 Buytendijk, FJJ, 38.D. Bohm, L. Boltzmann, B. Bolzano, L. Bonatti, C. Bonnet, G. Boole, M. Boudot, M. Bourdeau, P. Bourdieu & D. Bourg - 2009 - In A. Brenner & J. Gayon (eds.), French Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Contemporary Research in France. Springer. pp. 367.
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  16. added 2017-01-29
    The Works of Joseph Butler, Ed. By W.E. Gladstone.Joseph Butler & William Ewart Gladstone - 1896
  17. added 2017-01-29
    Bishop Butler and His Critics, 2 Lectures.John Richard T. Eaton & Joseph Butler - 1877
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  18. added 2017-01-28
    Comment on P.A. Moritz' Essay on Joseph Butler.Alan R. Lacey - 1981 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 4 (3):248.
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  19. added 2017-01-28
    Bishop Butler and the Sense/Reason Controversy.Edward Henry Porcella - 1978 - Dissertation, University of California, San Diego
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  20. added 2017-01-28
    The Concept of Conscience in the Ethical Theory of Bishop Joseph Butler.Lloyd Miller Whiteway - 1972 - Dissertation, Temple University
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  21. added 2017-01-28
    Duty and Interest in Butler's Moral Theory.James Duvall Mccarthy - 1970 - Dissertation, The Ohio State University
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  22. added 2017-01-28
    The Theistic Framework of Butler's Ethics.Percy Allan Carlsson - 1961 - Dissertation, Northwestern University
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  23. added 2017-01-28
    MOSSNER, E. C. - Bishop Butler and the Age of Reason. [REVIEW]R. E. Stedman - 1937 - Mind 46:516.
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  24. added 2017-01-28
    The Sermons and Remains of the Right Reverend Father in God Joseph Butler D.C.L., Late Lord Bishop of Durham.Joseph Butler & Edward Steere - 1862 - Bell & Daldy.
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  25. added 2017-01-28
    Are Brutes Immortal? An Enquiry.J. C. Boyce - 1861 - John Henry and James Parker.
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  26. added 2017-01-27
    Following Nature, Alan Millar Joseph Butler's View That Virtue Consists in Following Our Nature is Interpreted as Stating That We Are Adapted to the Virtuous Life. It is Argued That Butler has the Resources for a Response to Js Mill's Criticisms of the Idea That We Ought to Follow Nature. Using the Preceeding Discussion. [REVIEW]Philosophical Quarterly - 1988 - Philosophical Quarterly 38 (151).
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  27. added 2017-01-27
    Bishop Butler and the Age of Reason.Ernest C. Mossner - 1938 - Philosophical Review 47:96.
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  28. added 2017-01-27
    Bishop Butler and the Age of Reason. A Study in the History of Thought.S. P. L. - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (5):133-135.
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  29. added 2017-01-24
    Butler.R. F. Stalley - 1987 - Philosophical Books 28 (1):17-19.
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  30. added 2017-01-23
    Butler's Propertius Sexti Properti Opera Omnia. With a Commentary by H. E. Butler, M.A., Fellow of New College, Oxford. London: Archibald Constable & Co., Ltd. 1905. Cr. 8vo. 1 Vol., Pp. Vi+415. 8/6 Net. [REVIEW]A. E. Housman - 1905 - The Classical Review 19 (06):317-320.
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  31. added 2017-01-22
    Butler's Problem Again.Eric Stiffler - 1981 - Analysis 41 (4):216 - 218.
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  32. added 2017-01-19
    Joseph Butler.David E. White - 2001 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  33. added 2017-01-17
    Butler.J. B. Schneewind & Terence Penelhum - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (3):425.
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  34. added 2017-01-17
    A Defence of the Rights of Conscience in Butler’s Ethics.Michael W. Martin - 1977 - Philosophy Research Archives 3:88-101.
    In "Nature and Conscience in Butler's Ethics," Nicholas Sturgeon argues that Butler's account of the role of conscience in morality is fundamentally Incoherent. Butler's emphasis upon conscience as the most superior principle rendering acts natural or unnatural is inconsistent with his tacit commitment to the "Naturalistic Thesis" that conscience always uses naturalness and unnaturalness as grounds upon which it bases its approvals and disapprovals. I argue that Butler is not committed to the Naturalistic Thesis, and hence his views are saved (...)
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  35. added 2017-01-16
    Singular Iniquities: Josephine Butler and Marietta Higgs.Hilary Cashman - 1990 - New Blackfriars 71 (834):26-32.
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  36. added 2017-01-16
    Ritual Magic. E. M. Butler.Archer Taylor - 1950 - Speculum 25 (2):258-259.
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  37. added 2017-01-16
    Bishop Butler: Moralist and Divine.H. T. C. & William J. Norton - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):50.
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  38. added 2017-01-15
    British Ethical Theories: The Place and Importance of Bishop Butler.W. M. Kyle - 1929 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 7 (4):252-262.
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  39. added 2017-01-14
    Bishop Butler: Moralist and Divine. [REVIEW]T. C. H. - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):50-51.
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  40. added 2016-07-12
    A Powerless Conscience: Hume on Reflection and Acting Conscientiously.Lorenzo Greco - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (3):547–564.
    If one looks for the notion of conscience in Hume, there appears to be a contrast between the loose use of it that can be found in his History of England, and the stricter use of it Hume makes in his philosophical works. It is my belief that, notwithstanding the problems Hume’s philosophy raises for a notion such as conscience, it is possible to frame a positive Humean explanation of it. I want to suggest that, far from corresponding to a (...)
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  41. added 2014-04-02
    Butler's Argument for the Natural Authority of Conscience.P. F. Brownsey - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 3 (1):57 – 87.
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  42. added 2014-03-29
    Self-Love and the Vices of Self-Preference.Robert Merrihew Adams - 1998 - Faith and Philosophy 15 (4):500-513.
    The paper explores the extent to which self-love, as understood by Bishop Butler, may be in harmony with altruistic virtue. Whereas Butler was primarily concerned to rebut suspicions directed against altruism, the suspicions principally addressed by the present writer are directed against self-love. It is argued that the main vices of self-preference---particularly selfishness, self-centeredness, and arrogance---are not essentially excesses of self-love and, indeed, do not necessarily involve self-love. lt is argued further that self-love is something one is typically taught as (...)
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  43. added 2014-03-28
    Joseph Butler On the Enemies of Virtue.J. Worthen - 1999 - Studies in Christian Ethics 12 (1):48-56.
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  44. added 2014-03-27
    Sieges, Shipwrecks, and Sensible Knaves: Justice and Utility in Butler and Hume.John R. Bowlin - 2000 - Journal of Religious Ethics 28 (2):253 - 280.
    By examining the theories of justice developed by Joseph Butler and David Hume, the author discloses the conceptual limits of their moral naturalism. Butler was unable to accommodate the possibility that justice is, at least to some extent, a social convention. Hume, who more presciently tried to spell out the conventional character of justice, was unable to carry through that project within the framework of his moral naturalism. These limits have gone unnoticed, largely because Butler and Hume have been misinterpreted, (...)
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  45. added 2014-03-21
    Rousseau, Clarke, Butler and Critiques of Deism.Robin Attfield - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (3):429 – 443.
    Rousseau’s stance on natural religion, revealed religion and their relation are outlined (section 1), and then his agreements and disagreements with Samuel Clarke (section 2). After a survey of Joseph Butler's critique of deism (section 3), Rousseau’s arguments emerge as capable of supplying a counter-critique sufficient to show that deism could claim to have survived the eighteenth-century undefeated (section 4). If the attempted refutation of theistic arguments on the parts of David Hume and of Immanuel Kant was inconclusive (section 5), (...)
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  46. added 2014-03-20
    Reflection and Exhortation in Butler's Sermons: Practical Deliberation, Psychological Health and the Philosophical Sermon.Jonathan Lavery - 2005 - The European Legacy 10 (4):329-348.
    I begin by noting the disparate legacies of Thomas Hobbes (1588?1679) and Bishop Joseph Butler (1692?1752). I suggest that part of the reason Butler's arguments in Fifteen Sermons Preached at Rolls Chapel (2nd ed. 1729) have been comparatively neglected by contemporary philosophers is due to the genre in which they are presented, i.e. the sermon. Like other non-standard genres of philosophical writing (dialogue, disputatio, meditation, etc.) both the genre and the purpose towards which Butler puts it have become unfashionable in (...)
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  47. added 2014-03-20
    Butler and Hegel on Forgiveness and Agency.C. Allen Speight - 2005 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 43 (2):299-316.
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  48. added 2014-03-19
    Joseph Butler on Forgiveness: A Presupposed Theory of Emotion.Paul A. Newberry - 2001 - Journal of the History of Ideas 62 (2):233-244.
  49. added 2014-03-18
    Restoring Joseph Butler's Conscience.Akhtar 1 Sahar - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (4):581-600.
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  50. added 2014-03-18
    Two Approaches to Self-Love: Hutcheson and Butler.Christian Maurer - 2006 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 2 (2):81-96.
1 — 50 / 122