Justice

Edited by Christian Barry (Australian National University)
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  1. Justice, Constructivism, and The Egalitarian Ethos.A. Faik Kurtulmus - 2010 - Dissertation, University of Oxford
    This thesis defends John Rawls’s constructivist theory of justice against three distinct challenges. -/- Part one addresses G. A. Cohen’s claim that Rawls’s constructivism is committed to a mistaken thesis about the relationship between facts and principles. It argues that Rawls’s constructivist procedure embodies substantial moral commitments, and offers an intra-normative reduction rather than a metaethical account. Rawls’s claims about the role of facts in moral theorizing in A Theory of Justice should be interpreted as suggesting that some of our (...)
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  2. Labour Commodification and Global Justice.Fausto Corvino - 2018 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy (AO):1-36.
    In this article, I maintain that the social process of labour commodification, through which the individual capability to uphold a decent welfare is bound to participation in the labour market, poses a problem of justice from the republican prospective on freedom as non-domination. I first discuss the reasons we might hold that capitalism brings a form of systemic domination by virtue of one of its intrinsic features: unequal access to the means of production. Then, I argue for a minimum de-commodification (...)
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  3. Situating the Half-Earth Proposal in Distributive Justice: Conditions for Just Conservation.Anna Wienhues - 2018 - Biological Conservation 228 (December 2018):44-51.
    The Half-Earth proposal (or ‘Nature Needs Half’) was put forward as an answer to the current sixth mass extinction crisis on Earth and sparked a debate with disagreement on empirical and normative questions. In this paper I focus on the so far undertheorised normative debate and will provide some conditions that would need to be fulfilled in order for the Half-Earth proposal to serve justice. As I will illustrate, to even begin with situating the Half-Earth proposal within an account of (...)
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  4. Relational Equality and Disability Injustice.Jeffrey M. Brown - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Philosophy:1-31.
    People with disabilities suffer from pervasive inequalities in employment, education, transportation, housing, and health care compared to those who are not disabled. Moreover, people with disabilities are often subject to unjustified stigma and pity. In this paper, I will explain why these disadvantages violate relational egalitarian principles of justice. As I will show, my argument can account for both kinds of inequality that disabled people face.
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  5. Feuerbach y la libertad: el objetivo del derecho penal liberal.Santiago Truccone Borgogno - 2013 - Revista General de Derecho Penal 1 (19):1-24.
    En este trabajo, se pretende realizar una lectura del pensamiento de Feuerbach para poder desentrañar el objetivo que perseguía con su obra. Asimismo se intentará explicar cómo la finalidad de la obra feuerbachiana se encuentra mejor defendido desde los ideales que se enmarcan en la filosofía política republicana, que con los de la liberal. Para ello, en primer lugar se analizará la histórica discusión sobre el concepto de libertad, tratando de ubicar a Feuerbach en alguno de ellos. Segundo, se intentará (...)
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  6. Thrasymachus’ Unerring Skill and the Arguments of Republic 1.Tamer Nawar - 2018 - Phronesis 63 (4):359-391.
    In defending the view that justice is the advantage of the stronger, Thrasymachus puzzlingly claims that rulers never err and that any practitioner of a skill or expertise (τέχνη) is infallible. In what follows, Socrates offers a number of arguments directed against Thrasymachus’ views concerning the nature of skill, ruling, and justice. Commentators typically take a dim view of both Thrasymachus’ claims about skill (which are dismissed as an ungrounded and purely ad hoc response to Socrates’ initial criticisms) and Socrates’ (...)
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  7. Speaking Truth to Power. A Theory of Whistleblowing.Daniele Santoro & Manohar Kumar - 2018 - Springer.
    Whistleblowing is the public disclosure of information with the purpose of revealing wrongdoings and abuses of power that harm the public interest. This book presents a comprehensive theory of whistleblowing: it defines the concept, reconstructs its origins, discusses it within the current ethical debate, and elaborates a justification of unauthorized disclosures. Its normative proposal is based on three criteria of permissibility: the communicative constraints, the intent, and the public interest conditions. The book distinguishes between two forms of whistleblowing, civic and (...)
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  8. Uma análise da desigualdade social sob a perspectiva do princípio da diferença na teoria da justiça de John Rawls.L. N. Igansi - 2014 - Saberes 1 (9):5-15.
    Tomarei no presente artigo o princípio da diferença contido na formulação do segundo princípio de justiça para instituições do liberalismo político de Rawls, entendido como a justiça como equidade, para tratar de tão controverso tópico que é a desigualdade social. Quais seus aspectos negativos ou positivos, se existentes? Devemos evitá-la pelos perjúrios que causa ou abraçá-la incondicionalmente por ser fruto de uma sociedade pluralista? As respostas jazem num deflacionamento do conceito de justiça, não mais aqui como metafisicamente embasada na tradição (...)
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  9. On Robust Discursive Equality.Thomas M. Besch - forthcoming - Dialogue:1-26.
    This paper explores the idea of robust discursive equality on which respect-based conceptions of justificatory reciprocity often draw. I distinguish between formal and substantive discursive equality and argue that if justificatory reciprocity requires that people be accorded formally equal discursive standing, robust discursive equality should not be construed as requiring standing that is equal substantively, or in terms of its discursive purchase. Still, robust discursive equality is purchase sensitive: it does not obtain when discursive standing is impermissibly unequal in purchase. (...)
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  10. Pessimism of the Intellect, Determination of the Will: An Interview with Kai Nielsen.David Rondel & Alex Sager - 2012 - In David Rondel & Alex Sager (eds.), Pessimism of the Intellect, Optimism of the Will: The Political Philosophy of Kai Nielsen. Calgary, AB, Canada: pp. 401-435.
  11. A Mooring for Ethical Life.Chris Melenovsky - 2014 - Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania
    Since G.A. Cohen’s influential criticism, John Rawls’s focus on the basic structure of society has fallen out of favor in moral and political philosophy. The most prominent defenses of this focus has argued from particular conceptions of justice or from a moral division of labor. In this dissertation, I instead argue for the Rawlsian focus from the ways in which social institutions establish new obligations, rights and powers. I argue that full evaluation of individual conduct requires that we evaluate the (...)
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  12. Liberty, Property and Markets: A Critique of Libertarianism.Daniel Attas - 2005 - London, U.K.: Routledge.
  13. “A Commentary on Anna Stilz, ‘Nations, States, and Territory’ and Lea Ypi, ‘A Permissive Theory of Territorial Rights’”.Alice Pinheiro Walla - 2014 - Territory and Justice Symposia.
    In their commentaries, Alice Pinheiro Walla and Clara Sandelind examine the leading themes and ideas presented by Stilz and Ypi, and identify areas where further analysis is required. Pinheiro Walla suggests that both Stilz's legitimate state theory and Ypi's permissive theory fail to adequately account for limitations on territorial rights. She argues that 'Ypi's permissive theory allows too much arbitrariness in regard to provisional acquisition [and] Stilz's account lacks a more unified approach to occupancy rights'.
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  14. Incentives, Conventionalism, and Constructivism.C. M. Melenovsky - 2016 - Ethics 126 (3):549-574.
    Rawlsians argue for principles of justice that apply exclusively to the basic structure of society, but it can seem strange that those who accept these principles should not also regulate their choices by them. Valid moral principles should seemingly identify ideals for both institutions and individuals. What justifies this nonintuitive distinction between institutional and individual principles is not a moral division of labor but Rawls’s dual commitments to conventionalism and constructivism. Conventionalism distinguishes the relevant ideals for evaluating institutions from those (...)
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  15. Book ReviewsDavid Miller,. Principles of Social Justice.Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999. Pp. 336. $45.00. [REVIEW]Paul Hurley - 2002 - Ethics 112 (2):391-395.
  16. Debating the Role of Custom, Religion and Law in ‘Honour’ Crimes: Implications for Social Work.Fakir M. Al Gharaibeh - 2016 - Ethics and Social Welfare 10 (2):122-139.
  17. Debating the Role of Custom, Religion and Law in ‘Honour’ Crimes: Implications for Social Work.Fakir M. Al Gharaibeh - 2016 - Ethics and Social Welfare 10 (2):122-139.
  18. Fairness and Family Background.Ingvild Almås, Alexander W. Cappelen, Kjell G. Salvanes, Erik Ø Sørensen & Bertil Tungodden - 2017 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 16 (2):117-131.
    Fairness preferences fundamentally affect individual behavior and play an important role in shaping social and political institutions. However, people differ both with respect to what they view as fair and with respect to how much weight they attach to fairness considerations. In this article, we study the role of family background in explaining these heterogeneities in fairness preferences. In particular, we examine how socioeconomic background relates to fairness views and to how people make trade-offs between fairness and self-interest. To study (...)
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  19. Review Essay: Entre o Velho E o Novo Mundo: A Diáspora Palestina Desde o Oriente Médio À América Latina. [REVIEW]Bryan Lueck - forthcoming - SCTIW Review.
  20. Should There Be Future People? A Fundamental Question for Climate Change and Intergenerational Justice.Pranay Sanklecha - 2017 - WIREs Climate Change 8 (3).
    The effects of climate change will be felt far into the future, long after currently living people have stopped existing. A popular way of understanding what this means ethically is to conceptualize the issue in terms of intergenerational justice: currently living people have duties of justice toward future generations to not wrongfully harm them, or duties to reduce the risk of violating the rights future people will have when they exist. In this article I show that this depends on assumptions (...)
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  21. Reason, Rights and Law: New Essays on Kantian Philosophy.Alice Pinheiro Walla & Mehmet Ruhi Demiray (eds.) - forthcoming - University of Wales Press.
  22. Ends and Means of Transitional Justice.Thaddeus Metz - 2018 - Journal of Global Ethics 14 (2):158-169.
    With her new book, The Conceptual Foundations of Transitional Justice, Colleen Murphy has advanced novel, comprehensive and sophisticated philosophical accounts of both what severely conflict-ridden societies should be aiming for and how they should pursue it. Ultimately grounded on a prizing of rational agency, Murphy maintains that these societies, roughly, ought to strive for a stable and legitimate democratic polity committed to not repeating gross historical injustice and do so in ways that do right by victims. In this article, I (...)
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  23. How to Effectively Defend the King Dictum.H. G. Callaway - 2017 - In Pluralism, Pragmatism and American Democracy: A Minority Report. Newcastle, England: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 181-192.
    The aim of this paper is to defend a famous quotation from Martin Luther King, stating that “The arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice.” The quotation is inscribed on the King Memorial in Washington, D.C. and President Obama had it woven into a rug for the Oval Office in the White House. The quotation has become something of a contemporary proverb, and is certainly worthy of our close attention. In order to evaluate the dictum, (...)
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  24. Natural Hazards and the Normative Significance of Expectations in Protecting Alpine Communities.Thomas Pölzler, Florian Ortner, Oliver Sass & Lukas Meyer - 2017 - Geophysical Research Abstracts: Abstracts of the European Geosciences Union General Assembly.
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  25. Entschädigung für historisches Unrecht: Das Argument des anhaltenden Unrechts.Thomas Pölzler - forthcoming - Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie.
    Das Nicht-Identitätsproblem scheint auszuschließen, dass Nachfahren von Opfern historischen Unrechts Entschädigung zusteht. In der jüngeren Diskussion wurde diesem Problem häufig mit dem Hinweis begegnet, dass Ansprüche auf Entschädigung wenn auch nicht für das ursprüngliche Unrecht, so doch aufgrund des kontinuierlichen Ausbleibens einer Entschädigung für dieses Unrecht gerechtfertigt sein können. Mein Artikel beinhaltet eine kritische Diskussion dieses „Arguments des anhaltenden Unrechts“. Nachdem ich das Argument näher erläutert habe, verteidige ich es gegen drei naheliegende Einwände: den Entkoppelungs-Einwand, den Eigenverantwortungs-Einwand, und den Informationsmangel-Einwand. (...)
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  26. Abilities and the Sources of Unfreedom.Andreas T. Schmidt - 2016 - Ethics 127 (1): 179-207.
    What distinguishes constraints on our actions that make us unfree (in the sociopolitical sense) from those that make us merely unable? I provide a new account: roughly, a constraint makes a person unfree, if and only if, first, someone else was morally responsible for the constraint and, second, it impedes an ability the person would have in the best available distribution of abilities. This new account is shown to overcome shortcomings of existing proposals. Moreover, by linking its account of unfreedom (...)
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  27. Public Deliberation in a Globalized World? The Case of Confucian Customs and Traditions.Elena Ziliotti - 2018 - In Michael Reder, Alexander Filipovic, Dominik Finkelde & Johannes Wallacher (eds.), Yearbook Practical Philosophy in a Global Perspective. Freiburg, Germany: Verlad Karl Alber. pp. 339-361.
    The question of how democracy can deal with cultural diversity has become more central than ever. The increasing flow of people to many Western democratic countries indicates that our societies will become more and more multicultural. But what is the best way for democracy to deal with cultural diversity? It has been argued that, given its communicative core, the Habermasian model of deliberative democracy provides a platform where cultural groups can concur on peaceful agreements. In this paper, I show the (...)
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  28. Justice and Compulsion for Plato’s Philosopher–Rulers.Eric Brown - 2000 - Ancient Philosophy 20 (1):1-17.
    By considering carefully Socrates' invocations of 'compulsion' in Plato's Republic, I seek to explain how both justice and compulsion are crucial to the philosophers' decision to rule in Kallipolis, so that this decision does not contradict Socrates' central thesis that it is always in one's interests to act justly. On my account, the compulsion is provided by a law, made by the city's lawgivers, that requires people raised to be philosophers take turns ruling. Justice by itself does not require the (...)
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  29. Race-Ing Justice: Randall Kennedy’s Race, Crime, and the Law. [REVIEW]Greg Moses - 1998 - Radical Philosophy Review 1 (2):150-156.
    This review of Randall Kennedy's book--Race, Crime, and the Law--argues that Kennedy provides useful evidence to indict the prevalence of racism at the turn of the 21st Century but that Kennedy's definition of racism, which relies on explicit discriminatory intent, is too narrow to account for the value of statistical approaches that he presents. A logic of disparate impact is necessary to diagnose and remedy the systematic oppressions of racism. The reviewer also considers a structural relationship between liberal and radical (...)
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  30. De La Justice.Bertrand de Jouvenel - 1998 - Journal de Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 8 (1):127-144.
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  31. The Enterprise of Law: Justice Without the State: Bruce L. Benson.Martin Anderson - 1992 - Journal de Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 3 (2-3):380-384.
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  32. Fountain of Justice.John C. H. Wu - 1959
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  33. Justice.Josef Pieper - 1955
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  34. A Conceptual Structure of Justice - Providing a Tool to Analyse Conceptions of Justice.Klara Helene Stumpf, Christian U. Becker & Stefan Baumgärtner - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (5):1187-1202.
    Justice is a contested concept. There are many different and competing conceptions, i.e. interpretations of the concept. Different domains of justice deal with different fields of application of justice claims, such as structural justice, distributive justice, participatory justice or recognition. We present a formal conceptual structure of justice applicable to all these domains. We show that conceptions of justice can be described by specifying the following conceptual elements: the judicandum, the community of justice including claim holders and claim addressees, their (...)
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  35. The Conceptual Foundations of Transitional Justice.Colleen Murphy - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Many countries have attempted to transition to democracy following conflict or repression, but the basic meaning of transitional justice remains hotly contested. In this book, Colleen Murphy analyses transitional justice - showing how it is distinguished from retributive, corrective, and distributive justice - and outlines the ethical standards which societies attempting to democratize should follow. She argues that transitional justice involves the just pursuit of societal transformation. Such transformation requires political reconciliation, which in turn has a complex set of institutional (...)
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  36. Justice.Edmund L. Pincoffs & Chaim Perelman - 1970 - Philosophical Review 79 (2):292.
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  37. Justice.W. J. Rees, Giorgio DelVecchio & A. H. Campbell - 1953 - Philosophical Review 62 (4):597.
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  38. Justice and World Society.M. H. Fisch & Laurence Stapleton - 1945 - Philosophical Review 54 (3):277.
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  39. Pluralism, Justice, and Equality.James W. Nickel, David Miller & Michael Walzer - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (1):127.
  40. Justice for Here and Now.James P. Sterba - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book conveys the breadth and interconnectedness of questions of justice - a rarity in contemporary moral and political philosophy. James P. Sterba argues that a minimal notion of rationality requires morality, and that a minimal libertarian morality requires the welfare and equal opportunity endorsee by welfare liberals and the equality endorsed by socialists, as well as a full feminist agenda. Feminist, racial, homosexual, and multicultural justice, are also shown to be mutually supporting. The author further shows the compatibility between (...)
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  41. Justice Without Borders: Cosmopolitanism, Nationalism, and Patriotism.Kok-Chor Tan - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    The cosmopolitan idea of justice is commonly accused of not taking seriously the special ties and commitments of nationality and patriotism. This is because the ideal of impartial egalitarianism, which is central to the cosmopolitan view, seems to be directly opposed to the moral partiality inherent to nationalism and patriotism. In this book, Kok-Chor Tan argues that cosmopolitan justice, properly understood, can accommodate and appreciate nationalist and patriotic commitments, setting limits for these commitments without denying their moral significance. This book (...)
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  42. Justice and Democracy: Essays for Brian Barry.Keith Dowding, Robert E. Goodin & Carole Pateman (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    'Justice' and 'democracy' have alternated as dominant themes in political philosophy over the last fifty years. Since its revival in the middle of the twentieth century, political philosophy has focused on first one and then the other of these two themes. Rarely, however, has it succeeded in holding them in joint focus. This volume brings together leading authors who consider the relationship between democracy and justice in a set of specially written chapters. The intrinsic justness of democracy is challenged, the (...)
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  43. Justice and Christian Ethics.E. Clinton Gardner - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    Justice and Christian Ethics is a study in the meaning and foundations of justice in modern society. Written from a theological perspective, its focus is upon the interaction of religion and law in their common pursuit of justice. Consideration is given, first, to the historical roots of justice in the classical tradition of virtue and in the biblical ideas of covenant and the righteousness of God. Subsequent chapters trace the relationships between justice, law and virtue in Puritanism, in Locke, and (...)
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  44. What Money Could Buy: A Reply to Michael Sandel.Mats Volberg - 2015 - Problemos 88:166.
    According to Michael Sandel in recent decades we have witnessed a change in our thinking and acting. Namely we have become to think more in terms of economics and we have also started to buy and sell a lot more things. Sandel finds this troubling and presents two arguments: (1) the inequality and fairness argument, which states that such practises help to transfer inequalities, and (2) the corruption argument, which states that such practises corrupt the nature of the thing being (...)
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  45. Principles of Justice in Taxation. Stephen F. Weston.Max West - 1905 - International Journal of Ethics 15 (3):388-389.
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  46. Du Sentiment d'Injustice À la Justice Sociale.Véronique Guienne - 2001 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 110 (1):131.
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  47. Equality Without Documents: Political Justice and the Right to Amnesty.Michael Blake - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (S1):99-122.
  48. Bargaining With Neighbors.Jason Alexander & Brian Skyrms - 1999 - Journal of Philosophy 96 (11):588-598.
  49. Doing Justice to Egoism.Laurence Thomas - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (10):551-552.
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  50. Justice and the Dissemination of "Big-Ticket" Technologies.Norman Daniels - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (11):664-665.
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