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  1. G. E. Moore. Essays in Retrospect. [REVIEW]B. W. A. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):376-376.
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  2. The Circularity of a Self-Supporting Inductive Argument.Peter Achinstein - 1962 - Analysis 22 (6):138 - 141.
  3. Two Notions of Scientific Justification.Matthias Adam - 2007 - Synthese 158 (1):93 - 108.
    Scientific claims can be assessed epistemically in either of two ways: according to scientific standards, or by means of philosophical arguments such as the no-miracle argument in favor of scientific realism. This paper investigates the basis of this duality of epistemic assessments. It is claimed that the duality rests on two different notions of epistemic justification that are well-known from the debate on internalism and externalism in general epistemology: a deontological and an alethic notion. By discussing the conditions for the (...)
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  4. Audi on Structural Justification.Frederick Adams - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:493-498.
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  5. The Function of Epistemic Justification.Frederick Adams - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):465 - 492.
    Assume that epistemic justification has a cognitive function and that a belief's being justified is not just its being caused by the appropriate information (for this property of the belief may be cognitively impenetrable). What is the function of epistemic justification? it cannot be to actualize knowledge-The belief's being caused by appropriate information alone does that! so what is its function? I suggest it is to cause us to believe and/or take action.
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  6. On Nonfoundationalistic Theories of Epistemic Justification.Timo Airaksinen - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):403-412.
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  7. Contextualism, a New Theory Ofepistemic Justification?Timo Airksinen - 1982 - Philosophia 12 (1-2):37-50.
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  8. Unjustified Defeaters.David Alexander - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (4):891-912.
    A number of philosophers have recently claimed that unjustified beliefs can be defeaters. However these claims have been made in passing, occurring in the context of defenses of other theses. As a result, the claim that unjustified beliefs can be defeaters has been neither vigorously defended nor thoroughly explained. This paper fills that gap. It begins by identifying problems with the two most in-depth accounts of the possibility of unjustified defeaters due to Bergmann and Pryor. It then offers a revised (...)
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  9. Justification and Truth Value: A Reply.Robert Almeder - 1987 - Philosophia 17 (3):319-322.
    Among other things, Odegard urged that a person can be completely justified in believing a false proposition because the truth condition can be shown to be satisfied independently of the satisfaction of the evidence condition for human knowledge. I respond to his argument and other arguments attacking the arguments I previously offered for the view that a person cannot be completely justified in believing a false proposition.
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  10. Epistemic Justification. Essays in the Theory of Knowledge.William Alston - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1):228-232.
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  11. How to Think About Reliability.William P. Alston - 1995 - Philosophical Topics 23 (1):1-29.
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  12. Epistemic Desiderata.William P. Alston - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):527-551.
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  13. Concepts of Epistemic Justification.William P. Alston - 1985 - The Monist 68 (2):57-89.
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  14. Recensioni-J. Sutton, Without Justification.M. Cristina Amoretti - 2009 - Epistemologia 32 (1):147.
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  15. The Social and Cultural Component of Epistemic Justification — a Reply.David B. Annis - 1982 - Philosophia 12 (1-2):51-55.
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  16. Epistemic Justification.David B. Annis - 1976 - Philosophia 6 (2):259-266.
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  17. Ryle's Argument Against Cartesian Internalism.Agustin Arrieta & Fernando Migura - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  18. Pluralism in Probabilistic Justification.David Atkinson & Jeanne Peijnenburg - unknown
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  19. Memorial Justification.Robert Audi - 1995 - Philosophical Topics 23 (1):31-45.
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  20. "Epistemology and Cognition" by Alvin I. Goldman. [REVIEW]Robert Audi - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (4):733.
    This book is a massive study of epistemology and its connections with cognitive psychology, philosophy of mind, metaphysics, and philosophy of science. Its aim is to redirect the field of epistemology, which “should be a multidisciplinary affair, not the province of pure, a priori philosophy.”.
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  21. Direct Justification, Evidential Dependence, and Theistic Belief.Robert Audi - 1986 - In William Wainwright & Robert Audi (eds.), Rationality, Religious Belief, and Moral Commitment: New Essays in the Philosophy of Religion. Cornell University Press. pp. 139--166.
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  22. Justification, Epistemic.Iep Author - 2016
    Epistemic Justification We often believe what we are told by our parents, friends, doctors, and news reporters. We often believe what we see, taste, and smell. We hold beliefs about the past, the present, and the future. Do we have a right to hold any of these beliefs? Are any supported by evidence? Should we … Continue reading Justification, Epistemic →.
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  23. Experience Conceptualized: Between the Myth of the Given and Coherentism.Mohammad Azadpur - 1999 - Dissertation, University of Virginia
    My dissertation develops and defends a theory of how experience justifies perceptual beliefs. First, I situate the opposition, the coherentists, in the contemporary debate, and I do this partly by reference to their readings of Kant. According to the coherentists, perceptual beliefs can be justified only by other beliefs. They consider Kant as a predecessor who, in one way or another, did not quite succeed in freeing himself from the notion that perceptual beliefs are justified by our experience of the (...)
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  24. Memories of the Fourth Condition and Lessons to Be Learned From Suspicious Externalism.Murat Baç - 2009 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 16 (2):127-145.
    A significant and interesting part of the post-Gettier literature regarding the analysis of propositional knowledge is the attempt to supplement the traditional tripartite analysis by employing a fourth condition regarding the defeasibility of evidence and thus to preclude the counterexamples displayed in Gettier’s original article. My aim in this paper is to critically examine the sort of externalism that accompanies the most promising of the proposed fourth conditions, due to Pollock, in order to offer some fresh insights on this old (...)
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  25. Justification.Wayne Angus Backman - 1982 - Dissertation, University of Cincinnati
    This dissertation is an investigation into the nature of justification and rational belief. In Chapter I, four theories of the justification of belief are presented and criticized. These theories--classical foundationalism, modest foundationalism, coherentism, and the causal theory--are found to be similar in a certain respect. They each embody or are consistent with a certain conception of rationality, one in which beliefs are rational just in case they are backed by adequate justifications, and in which adequate justifications are thought to be (...)
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  26. A Reliability Theory of Epistemic Justification.Ralph Neil Baergen - 1990 - Dissertation, Syracuse University
    The claim that the epistemic status of a belief corresponds to the reliability of the process by which it was formed is developed and defended. In the course of this, a variety of conceptual and methodological matters are addressed. Notably, the role of the sciences, particularly experimental psychology and cognitive science, in epistemology is explored, and the claim that factual disciplines can have no bearing upon a normative project is considered and rejected. Also, the suggestion that psychology should entirely replace (...)
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  27. Epistemic Justification.Marina Bakalova - 2006 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):363-368.
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  28. Reasoning as a Source of Justification.Magdalena Balcerak Jackson & Brendan Balcerak Jackson - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 164 (1):113-126.
    In this essay we argue that reasoning can sometimes generate epistemic justification, rather than merely transmitting justification that the subject already possesses to new beliefs. We also suggest a way to account for it in terms of the relationship between epistemic normative requirements, justification and cognitive capacities.
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  29. Articulation and Justification.Renford Bambrough - 1988 - The Monist 71 (3):311-319.
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  30. Some Suggestions Towards the Construction of a Theory of Sense-Perception.Nikunja Vihari Banerjee - 1930 - Philosophical Review 39 (6):587-596.
  31. Chisholm and the Foundation Theory of Justification.Emmett C. Barcalow - 1981 - Dissertation, Columbia University
    According to Roderick Chisholm, every proposition one is justified in believing is justified, at least in part, by some relation that it bears to propositions which are epistemologically privileged. There are two categories of such "basic" of self-justifying propositions--the self-presenting and the directly evident. Justification is a matter of degree, and Chisholm establishes a five-fold ranking of epistemic privilege in terms of which the two concepts of the self-presenting and the directly evident are defined and in terms of which the (...)
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  32. Review of “Beyond Justification: Dimensions of Epistemic Evaluation”. [REVIEW]Robert Barnard - 2007 - Essays in Philosophy 8 (2):2.
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  33. Justifications and Excuses.Marcia Baron - unknown
    The distinction between justifications and excuses is a familiar one to most of us who work either in moral philosophy or legal philosophy. But exactly how it should be understood is a matter of considerable disagreement. My aim in this paper is, first, to sort out the differences and try to figure out what underlying disagreements account for them. I give particular attention to the following question: Does a person who acts on a reasonable but mistaken belief have a justification, (...)
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  34. Rationality and Justification.Diderik Batens - 1974 - Philosophica 14 (2):83-103.
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  35. Some Objections to Keith Lehrer's Rule IR.Diderik Batens - 1971 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (4):357-362.
  36. Some Objections to Keith Lehrer's Rule Ir(1).Diderik Batens - 1971 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (4):357-362.
  37. Epistemic Norms and Epistemological Methods.Jared Guy Bates - 2001 - Dissertation, University of Missouri - Columbia
    The target of much work in recent epistemology is the specification, in terms of non-normative properties, of the nature of epistemic norms like justification. I'll call this the target-problem of epistemology. The target-problem is the problem of giving normative epistemic properties purely descriptive, or naturalistic, accounts. The target-problem itself gives rise to a deeper problem and one I think needs to be answered prior to any solution to the target-problem: What methods are appropriate in constructing solutions to the target-problem? I'll (...)
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  38. Justification and the Truth-Connection By Clayton Littlejohn.Peter Baumann - 2014 - Analysis 74 (4):731-733.
    Review of Littlejohn, "Justification and the Truth Connection".
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  39. Process Reliabilism's Troubles with Defeat.B. Beddor - 2015 - Philosophical Quarterly 65 (259):145-159.
    One attractive feature of process reliabilism is its reductive potential: it promises to explain justification in entirely non-epistemic terms. In this paper, I argue that the phenomenon of epistemic defeat poses a serious challenge for process reliabilism’s reductive ambitions. The standard process reliabilist analysis of defeat is the ‘Alternative Reliable Process Account’ (ARP). According to ARP, whether S’s belief is defeated depends on whether S has certain reliable processes available to her which, if they had been used, would have resulted (...)
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  40. Foundationalism Strikes Back? In Search of Epistemically Basic.Nanay Bence - 2005 - In Rene van Woudenberg, Sabine Roeser & Ron Rood (eds.), Basic Belief and Basic Knowledge. Ontos-Verlag. pp. 41.
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  41. The Current State of the Coherence Theory: Critical Essays on the Epistemic Theories of Keith Lehrer and Laurence BonJour, with Replies.John Bender - 1993 - Noûs 27 (1):111-113.
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  42. Skepticism, Justification and the Trustworthiness Argument.John W. Bender - 2003 - In Olsson Erik (ed.), The Epistemology of Keith Lehrer. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 263--280.
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  43. Knowledge, Justification and Lehrer's Theory of Coherence.John W. Bender - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 54 (3):355 - 381.
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  44. Traditional Epistemic Internalism.M. Bergmann & B. Coppenger (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press.
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  45. Reidian Externalism.Michael Bergmann - 2008 - In Vincent Hendricks (ed.), New Waves in Epistemology. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    What distinguishes Reidian externalism from other versions of epistemic externalism about justification is its proper functionalism and its commonsensism, both of which are inspired by the 18th century Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid. Its proper functionalism is a particular analysis of justification; its commonsensism is a certain thesis about what we are noninferentially justified in believing.
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  46. Review: Bonjour's Dilemma. [REVIEW]Michael Bergmann - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 131 (3):679 - 693.
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  47. Epistemic Justification.Michael Bergmann - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (3):435-437.
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  48. Argumentation Theory and the Conception of Epistemic Justification.Lilian Bermejo-Luque - 2009 - In Marcin Koszowy (ed.), Informal Logic and Argumentation Theory. University of Białystok. pp. 285--303.
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  49. Believing Against the Evidence, by Miriam Schleifer McCormick.José Luis Bermúdez - 2016 - Mind 125 (499):942-945.
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  50. Justification and Determinism: An Exchange in Justification.M. Bernstein & G. Myro - 1988 - The Monist 71 (3):358-376.
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