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Subcategories:History/traditions: Justification
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  1. B. W. A. (1971). G. E. Moore. Essays in Retrospect. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):376-376.
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  2. Peter Achinstein (1962). The Circularity of a Self-Supporting Inductive Argument. Analysis 22 (6):138 - 141.
  3. Matthias Adam (2007). Two Notions of Scientific Justification. Synthese 158 (1):93 - 108.
    Scientific claims can be assessed epistemically in either of two ways: according to scientific standards, or by means of philosophical arguments such as the no-miracle argument in favor of scientific realism. This paper investigates the basis of this duality of epistemic assessments. It is claimed that the duality rests on two different notions of epistemic justification that are well-known from the debate on internalism and externalism in general epistemology: a deontological and an alethic notion. By discussing the conditions for the (...)
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  4. Frederick Adams (1986). The Function of Epistemic Justification. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):465 - 492.
    Assume that epistemic justification has a cognitive function and that a belief's being justified is not just its being caused by the appropriate information (for this property of the belief may be cognitively impenetrable). What is the function of epistemic justification? it cannot be to actualize knowledge-The belief's being caused by appropriate information alone does that! so what is its function? I suggest it is to cause us to believe and/or take action.
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  5. Timo Airaksinen (1981). On Nonfoundationalistic Theories of Epistemic Justification. Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):403-412.
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  6. David Alexander (forthcoming). Unjustified Defeaters. Erkenntnis:1-22.
    A number of philosophers have recently claimed that unjustified beliefs can be defeaters. However these claims have been made in passing, occurring in the context of defenses of other theses. As a result, the claim that unjustified beliefs can be defeaters has been neither vigorously defended nor thoroughly explained. This paper fills that gap. It begins by identifying problems with the two most in-depth accounts of the possibility of unjustified defeaters due to Bergmann and Pryor. It then offers a revised (...)
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  7. Robert Almeder (1987). Justification and Truth Value: A Reply. Philosophia 17 (3):319-322.
    Among other things, Odegard urged that a person can be completely justified in believing a false proposition because the truth condition can be shown to be satisfied independently of the satisfaction of the evidence condition for human knowledge. I respond to his argument and other arguments attacking the arguments I previously offered for the view that a person cannot be completely justified in believing a false proposition.
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  8. William Alston (1992). Epistemic Justification. Essays in the Theory of Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1):228-232.
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  9. William P. Alston (1995). How to Think About Reliability. Philosophical Topics 23 (1):1-29.
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  10. William P. Alston (1993). Epistemic Desiderata. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):527-551.
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  11. William P. Alston (1989). Goldman on Epistemic Justification. Philosophia 19 (2-3):115-131.
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  12. William P. Alston (1985). Concepts of Epistemic Justification. The Monist 68 (2):57-89.
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  13. M. Cristina Amoretti (2009). Recensioni-J. Sutton, Without Justification. Epistemologia 32 (1):147.
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  14. David B. Annis (1982). The Social and Cultural Component of Epistemic Justification — a Reply. Philosophia 12 (1-2):51-55.
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  15. David B. Annis (1976). Epistemic Justification. Philosophia 6 (2):259-266.
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  16. Agustin Arrieta & Fernando Migura (2011). Ryle's Argument Against Cartesian Internalism. In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  17. David Atkinson & Jeanne Peijnenburg, Pluralism in Probabilistic Justification.
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  18. Robert Audi (1995). Memorial Justification. Philosophical Topics 23 (1):31-45.
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  19. Robert Audi (1989). "Epistemology and Cognition" by Alvin I. Goldman. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (4):733.
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  20. Robert Audi (1986). Direct Justification, Evidential Dependence, and Theistic Belief. In William Wainwright & Robert Audi (eds.), Rationality, Religious Belief, and Moral Commitment. Cornell University Press. pp. 139--166.
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  21. Iep Author (2016). Justification, Epistemic.
    Epistemic Justification We often believe what we are told by our parents, friends, doctors, and news reporters. We often believe what we see, taste, and smell. We hold beliefs about the past, the present, and the future. Do we have a right to hold any of these beliefs? Are any supported by evidence? Should we … Continue reading Justification, Epistemic →.
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  22. Mohammad Azadpur (1999). Experience Conceptualized: Between the Myth of the Given and Coherentism. Dissertation, University of Virginia
    My dissertation develops and defends a theory of how experience justifies perceptual beliefs. First, I situate the opposition, the coherentists, in the contemporary debate, and I do this partly by reference to their readings of Kant. According to the coherentists, perceptual beliefs can be justified only by other beliefs. They consider Kant as a predecessor who, in one way or another, did not quite succeed in freeing himself from the notion that perceptual beliefs are justified by our experience of the (...)
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  23. Eoundationalism Strikes Back (2005). In Search of Epistemically Basic. In Rene van Woudenberg, Sabine Roeser & Ron Rood (eds.), Basic Belief and Basic Knowledge. Ontos-Verlag. pp. 41.
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  24. Wayne Angus Backman (1982). Justification. Dissertation, University of Cincinnati
    This dissertation is an investigation into the nature of justification and rational belief. In Chapter I, four theories of the justification of belief are presented and criticized. These theories--classical foundationalism, modest foundationalism, coherentism, and the causal theory--are found to be similar in a certain respect. They each embody or are consistent with a certain conception of rationality, one in which beliefs are rational just in case they are backed by adequate justifications, and in which adequate justifications are thought to be (...)
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  25. Ralph Neil Baergen (1990). A Reliability Theory of Epistemic Justification. Dissertation, Syracuse University
    The claim that the epistemic status of a belief corresponds to the reliability of the process by which it was formed is developed and defended. In the course of this, a variety of conceptual and methodological matters are addressed. Notably, the role of the sciences, particularly experimental psychology and cognitive science, in epistemology is explored, and the claim that factual disciplines can have no bearing upon a normative project is considered and rejected. Also, the suggestion that psychology should entirely replace (...)
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  26. Marina Bakalova (2006). Epistemic Justification. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):363-368.
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  27. Magdalena Balcerak Jackson (forthcoming). Perceptual Fundamentalism and a Priori Bootstrapping. Philosophical Studies.
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  28. Magdalena Balcerak Jackson & Brendan Balcerak Jackson (2013). Reasoning as a Source of Justification. Philosophical Studies 164 (1):113-126.
    In this essay we argue that reasoning can sometimes generate epistemic justification, rather than merely transmitting justification that the subject already possesses to new beliefs. We also suggest a way to account for it in terms of the relationship between epistemic normative requirements, justification and cognitive capacities.
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  29. Renford Bambrough (1988). Articulation and Justification. The Monist 71 (3):311-319.
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  30. Nikunja Vihari Banerjee (1930). Some Suggestions Towards the Construction of a Theory of Sense-Perception. Philosophical Review 39 (6):587-596.
  31. Emmett C. Barcalow (1981). Chisholm and the Foundation Theory of Justification. Dissertation, Columbia University
    According to Roderick Chisholm, every proposition one is justified in believing is justified, at least in part, by some relation that it bears to propositions which are epistemologically privileged. There are two categories of such "basic" of self-justifying propositions--the self-presenting and the directly evident. Justification is a matter of degree, and Chisholm establishes a five-fold ranking of epistemic privilege in terms of which the two concepts of the self-presenting and the directly evident are defined and in terms of which the (...)
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  32. Robert Barnard (2007). Review of “Beyond Justification: Dimensions of Epistemic Evaluation”. [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 8 (2):2.
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  33. Diderik Batens (1974). Rationality and Justification. Philosophica 14 (2):83-103.
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  34. Diderik Batens (1971). Some Objections to Keith Lehrer's Rule IR. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (4):357-362.
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  35. Diderik Batens (1971). Some Objections to Keith Lehrer's Rule Ir(1). British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (4):357-362.
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  36. Jared Guy Bates (2001). Epistemic Norms and Epistemological Methods. Dissertation, University of Missouri - Columbia
    The target of much work in recent epistemology is the specification, in terms of non-normative properties, of the nature of epistemic norms like justification. I'll call this the target-problem of epistemology. The target-problem is the problem of giving normative epistemic properties purely descriptive, or naturalistic, accounts. The target-problem itself gives rise to a deeper problem and one I think needs to be answered prior to any solution to the target-problem: What methods are appropriate in constructing solutions to the target-problem? I'll (...)
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  37. Peter Baumann (2014). Justification and the Truth-Connection By Clayton Littlejohn. Analysis 74 (4):731-733.
    Review of Littlejohn, "Justification and the Truth Connection".
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  38. B. Beddor (2014). Process Reliabilism's Troubles with Defeat. Philosophical Quarterly 65 (259):145-159.
    One attractive feature of process reliabilism is its reductive potential: it promises to explain justification in entirely non-epistemic terms. In this paper, I argue that the phenomenon of epistemic defeat poses a serious challenge for process reliabilism’s reductive ambitions. The standard process reliabilist analysis of defeat is the ‘Alternative Reliable Process Account’ (ARP). According to ARP, whether S’s belief is defeated depends on whether S has certain reliable processes available to her which, if they had been used, would have resulted (...)
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  39. John Bender (1993). The Current State of the Coherence Theory: Critical Essays on the Epistemic Theories of Keith Lehrer and Laurence BonJour, with Replies. Noûs 27 (1):111-113.
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  40. John W. Bender (2003). Skepticism, Justification and the Trustworthiness Argument. In Olsson Erik (ed.), The Epistemology of Keith Lehrer. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 263--280.
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  41. John W. Bender (1988). Knowledge, Justification and Lehrer's Theory of Coherence. Philosophical Studies 54 (3):355 - 381.
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  42. M. Bergmann & B. Coppenger (eds.) (2016). Traditional Epistemic Internalism. Oxford University Press.
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  43. Michael Bergmann (2008). Reidian Externalism. In Vincent Hendricks (ed.), New Waves in Epistemology. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    What distinguishes Reidian externalism from other versions of epistemic externalism about justification is its proper functionalism and its commonsensism, both of which are inspired by the 18th century Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid. Its proper functionalism is a particular analysis of justification; its commonsensism is a certain thesis about what we are noninferentially justified in believing.
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  44. Michael Bergmann (2006). Review: Bonjour's Dilemma. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 131 (3):679 - 693.
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  45. Michael Bergmann (2004). Epistemic Justification. Philosophical Review 113 (3):435-437.
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  46. José Luis Bermúdez (2016). Believing Against the Evidence, by Miriam Schleifer McCormick. Mind 125 (499):942-945.
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  47. M. Bernstein & G. Myro (1988). Justification and Determinism: An Exchange in Justification. The Monist 71 (3):358-376.
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  48. Elano Sudário Bezerra (2011). O coerentismo de Lehrer. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 3 (6):1-9.
    O objetivo do presente artigo é articular a teoria coerentista de Lehrer frente aos críticos do coerentismo, bem como mostrar que a partir das noções de competição, o coerentismo, pelo menos ao modo de Lehrer, pode ser compreendido e solucionar problemas que tem sido levantados para esta teoria. Visa-se explanar a noção de aceitação que perpassa toda a teoria de Lehrer, assim como também é objetivo esclarecer como a noção de aceitação tem um papel central na teoria coerentista de Lehrer.
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  49. Jerome E. Bickenbach (1979). Justifying Deduction. Dialogue 18 (4):500-516.
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  50. Robert Binkley (1977). Keith Lehrer's "Knowledge". [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 38 (2):268.
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