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Summary Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (Kritik der reinen Vernunft) inaugurates the Critical period in Kant's thought. The first publication is referred to as the "A" edition and was published in 1781, and the second, or "B" edition appeared in 1787. Most contemporary editions of the work combine the two editions. Citations are usually of the form "A [page] / B [ page]", or use the pagination of the edition published by the Berlin Academy (the Akademieausgabe). This category contains works that deal with the Critique itself: editions of the work, the historical context of the Critique itself, and, more generally, the nature of the Critique itself, rather than its content or specific arguments. Work on the content and  arguments of the Critique, especially on Kant's specific philosophical positions, are found in the other Kant categories on PhilPapers.
Key works These are key works on Kant’s Critique considered as an historical artifact: differences in editions, background, commentary on how the work was written, and Kant’s remarks on the work and its context.  Eric Watkins edits a collection of Background Materials, which set out significant intellectual context. The Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics is one of Kant’s own attempts to explain the arguments of the Critique. The Oxford edition and the Cambridge edition contain early reviews and responses to the CritiqueThe online Academy edition (Akademieausgabe) of Kant’s works is a useful way to compare editions of the Critique, and to compare Kant’s Critique with the works before and after it. The Academy edition also reprints Kant’s correspondence about the first Critique.
Introductions The essays in Paul Guyer’s Cambridge Companion to the Critique of Pure Reason cover the background, context, editions, and reviews of the first Critique.
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268 found
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  1. Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason.C. Adair-Toteff - 1998 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 6 (2):297-298.
  2. Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Critical Essays.Harry Allison, Karl Ameriks, Lewis White Beck, Lorne Falkenstein, Paul Guyer, Philip Kitcher, Charles Parsons, P. F. Strawson & Allen W. Wood - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The central project of the Critique of Pure Reason is to answer two sets of questions: What can we know and how can we know it? and What can't we know and why can't we know it? The essays in this collection are intended to help students read the Critique of Pure Reason with a greater understanding of its central themes and arguments, and with some awareness of important lines of criticism of those themes and arguments.
  3. Interpreting Kant's Critiques.Karl Ameriks - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Karl Ameriks here collects his most important essays to provide a uniquely detailed and up-to-date analysis of Kant's main arguments in all three major areas of his work: theoretical philosophy (Critique of Pure Reason), practical philosophy (Critique of Practical Reason), and aesthetics (Critique of Judgment). Guiding the volume is Ameriks's belief that one cannot properly understand any one of these Critiques except in the context of the other two. The essays can be read individually, but read together they offer a (...)
  4. The Shortest Way: Kant’s Rewriting of the Transcendental Deduction.Nathan Bauer - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-29.
    This work examines Kant’s remarkable decision to rewrite the core argument of the first Critique, the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories. I identify a two-part structure common to both versions: first establishing an essential role for the categories in unifying sensible intuitions; and then addressing a worry about how the connection between our faculties asserted in the first part is possible. I employ this structure to show how Kant rewrote the argument, focusing on Kant’s response to the concerns raised in (...)
  5. Kant, Neo‐Kantians, and Transcendental Subjectivity.Charlotte Baumann - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (3):595-616.
    This article discusses an interpretation of Kant's conception of transcendental subjectivity, which manages to avoid many of the concerns that have been raised by analytic interpreters over this doctrine. It is an interpretation put forward by selected C19 and early C20 neo-Kantian writers. The article starts out by offering a neo-Kantian interpretation of the object as something that is constituted by the categories and that serves as a standard of truth within a theory of judgment. The second part explicates transcendental (...)
    No categories
  6. Alexander Baumgarten: Metaphysics (1739). Baumgarten - 2009 - In Eric Watkins (ed.), Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Background Source Materials. Cambridge University Press.
  7. Kants Kritik der reinen Vernunft.Hans Michael Baumgartner - 1988 - Man and World 21 (3):241-259.
    Kants kritische Philosophie hat Epoche gemacht. Sie bildet den Höhepunkt der neuzeitlichen Aufklärung. Mit der Kritik der reinen Vernunft hat Kant ein klassisches Werk geschaffen, das noch heute als Grundbuch der neueren Philosophie angesehen werden muss. Es erörtert die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der menschlichen Vernunft und entwickelt dabei die normativen Grundlagen unseres Erfahrungswissens ebenso wie der wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnis. Der Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über Inhalt, Perspektiven und Bedeutung dieses Werkes und sucht zu verdeutlichen, inwiefern es Massstäbe für alle theoretischen wie (...)
  8. Review: Guyer (Ed), The Cambridge Companion to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. [REVIEW]Graham Bird - 2013 - Kantian Review 18 (1):137-143.
    Book Reviews Graham Bird, Kantian Review, FirstView Article.
  9. Review: Höffe, Kants Kritik der reinen Vernunft: Die Grundlegung der modernen Philosophie. [REVIEW]Graham Bird - 2008 - Kantian Review 13 (1):184-187.
  10. Review: Possible Experience: Collins, Understanding Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. [REVIEW]Graham Bird - 2003 - Kantian Review 7:144-149.
  11. Review: Falkenstein, Kant's Intuitionism: A Commentary on the Transcendental Aesthetic. [REVIEW]Graham Bird - 1999 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 7 (1):147 – 153.
    Kant's Intuitionism: A Commentary on the Transcendental Aesthetic. Lorne Falkenstein. Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1995. pp. xxiii + 465. £45?50. ISBN 0?8020?2973?6.
  12. Remarque philologique sur le terme «Classe» dans le § 11 de la Critique de la raison pure.Maurice Bitran - 2012 - Kant-Studien 103 (2):234-236.
    : § 11 of the Critique of Pure Reason, intended to strengthen the explanation of the categories in the second edition, introduces in its two first remarks the important distinction between the mathematical and the dynamical that will occur also in other later works. In these remarks Kant creates a two-fold grouping within the categories, which seems to be spoilt by a lexical weakness concerning the terms «Classe» and «Abtheilung». As this textual anomaly does not rest on any philosophical foundation (...)
  13. A Natureza Das Coisas E as Coisas da Natureza: Um Estudo da Crítica da Razão Pura.Irene Borges-Duarte - 2006 - Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa.
  14. Zu Eckart Försters Die 25 Jahre der Philosophie. Eine systematische Rekonstruktion.Reinhard Brandt - 2013 - Kant-Studien 104 (3):367-385.
    : Although Eckart Förster’s work contains many advanced scholarly accounts, it also has weaknesses. As Förster’s central attempt to make Goethe a Spinozan unfortunately ended in failure, we must recur to previous research. The same holds for several of the interpretations of Kant.
  15. Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason': An Introduction.Jill Vance Buroker - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this introductory textbook to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, Jill Vance Buroker explains the role of this first Critique in Kant's Critical project and offers a line-by-line reading of the major arguments in the text. She situates Kant's views in relation both to his predecessors and to contemporary debates, explaining his Critical philosophy as a response to the failure of rationalism and the challenge of skepticism. Paying special attention to Kant's notoriously difficult vocabulary, she explains the strengths and weaknesses (...)
  16. Einige Bemerkungen über die Metaphysische Deduktion in der Kritik der reinen Vernunft.Mario Caimi - 2000 - Kant-Studien 91 (3):257-282.
  17. Thomas C. Vinci, Space, Geometry, and Kant’s Transcendental Deduction of the Categories. [REVIEW]Emily Carson - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):341-344.
  18. Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant; Paul Guyer; Allen W. Wood. [REVIEW]Emily Carson - 2000 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 91:361-362.
  19. Kant's First Critique.H. W. Cassirer - 1955 - New York: Macmillan.
  20. Kant's First Critique: An Appraisal of the Permanent Significance of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.H. W. Cassirer - 1954 - Routledge.
    First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
  21. Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.Ruth F. Chadwick & Clive Cazeaux (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
  22. Pure Understanding, the Categories, and Kant's Critique of Wolff.Brian A. Chance - forthcoming - In Kate Moran (ed.), Freedom and Spontaenity in Kant. Cambridge University Press.
    The importance of the pure concepts of the understanding (i.e. the categories) within Kant’s system of philosophy is undeniable. As I hope to make clear in this essay, however, the categories are also an essential part of Kant’s critique of Christian Wolff. In particular, I argue that Kant’s development of the categories represents a decisive break with the Wolffian conception of the understanding and that this break is central to understanding the task of the Transcendental Analytic. This break, however, is (...)
  23. Wolff's Empirical Psychology and the Structure of the Transcendental Logic.Brian A. Chance - 2017 - In Corey Dyck & Falk Wunderlich (eds.), Kant and his German Contemporaries. Volume 1. Cambridge University Press.
    It is often claimed that the structure of the Transcendental Logic is modeled on the Wolffian division of logic textbooks into sections on concepts, judgments, and inferences. While it is undeniable that the Transcendental Logic contains elements that are similar to the content of these sections, I believe these similarities are largely incidental to the structure of the Transcendental Logic. In this essay, I offer an alternative and, I believe, more plausible account of Wolff’s influence on the structure of the (...)
  24. Scepticism and the Development of the Transcendental Dialectic.Brian A. Chance - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (2):311-331.
    Kant's response to scepticism in the Critique of Pure Reason is complex and remarkably nuanced, although it is rarely recognized as such. In this paper, I argue that recent attempts to flesh out the details of this response by Paul Guyer and Michael Forster do not go far enough. Although they are right to draw a distinction between Humean and Pyrrhonian scepticism and locate Kant's response to the latter in the Transcendental Dialectic, their accounts fail to capture two important aspects (...)
  25. Kant on the Soul's Intensity.Kirill Chepurin - 2010 - Kant Yearbook 2 (1):75-94.
    In this paper I propose to consider a certain set of notions in Kant as subsumable under a single notion – that of the soul’s intensity – as well as the possibility of a transcendental grounding of this notion within Kant ’s critical framework. First, I discuss what it means for Kant to attribute intensive magnitude to the soul, starting with his response to Mendelssohn where Kant introduces the soul’s intensity as a metaphysical notion immanent to the principles of rational (...)
  26. Knowledge, Discipline, System, Hope: The Fate of Metaphysics in the Doctrine of Method.Andrew Chignell - 2017 - In James O'Shea (ed.), Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: A Critical Guide. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press. pp. 259-279.
  27. A proposito di una nuova traduzione della Critica della ragion pura.Angelo Cicatello - forthcoming - Giornale di Metafisica.
  28. Kants Critik der reinen Vernunft. Philologischer Commentar zur ersten Auflage 1781.Wolfgang Class (ed.) - 2008 - Verlag Senging.
    Der vorliegende "philologische" Kommentar beansprucht Kants Critik der reinen Vernunft aus ihren historischen Voraussetzungen zu erklären. Zu diesen gehört an erster Stelle Kants Sprache; sie ist nicht mehr die unsere, was den unvorbereiteten Leser von heute schon an der Semantik und Syntax vieler Sätze scheitern lässt. Neben einer Fülle von sprachlichen Erläuterungen und textkritischen Untersuchungen bringt der Kommentar reichliche Zitate aus den von Kant benutzten Logik- und Metaphysik-Lehrbüchern, die seine Rezeption der "dogmatischen" Philosophie Christian Wolffs und seiner Nachfolger belegen; lateinische (...)
  29. Problems From Kant.James Van Cleve - 1999 - Oup Usa.
    James Van Cleve examines the main topics from Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, such as transcendental idealism, necessity and analyticity, space and time, substance and cause, noumena and things-in-themselves, problems of the self, and rational theology. He also discusses the relationship between Kant's thought and that of modern anti-realists, such as Putnam and Dummett. Because Van Cleve focuses upon specific problems rather than upon entire passages or sections of the Critique, he makes Kant's work more accessible to the serious student (...)
  30. Possible Experience: Understanding Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.Arthur Collins - 1999 - University of California Press.
    Arthur Collins's succinct, revisionist exposition of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason brings a new clarity to this notoriously difficult text.
  31. Christian August Crusius: Sketch of the Necessary Truths of Reason (1745).Christian August Crusius - 2009 - In Eric Watkins (ed.), Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Background Source Materials. Cambridge University Press.
  32. A Handbook to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.Rashvihari Das - 1968 - Calcutta, Progressive Publishers.
  33. Wie ich jetzt die kritik der reinen vernunft entwicklungsgeschichtlich lese.H. J. de Vleeschauwer - 1963 - Kant-Studien 54 (1-4):351-368.
  34. Destutt de Tracy's Ideological Reading of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.O. Dekens - 2003 - Kant-Studien 94 (2):240-255.
  35. Une équivocité énigmatique dans le quatrième paralogisme de la Critique de la raison pure. La labilité de la frontière entre réalité et effectivité.Jean-Jacques Delfour - 1997 - Kant-Studien 88 (3):280-310.
  36. Review: Bennett, Kant's Analytic. [REVIEW]D. P. Dryer - 1968 - Dialogue 6 (4):610-612.
  37. The Aim of the Critique of Pure Reason.D. P. Dryer - 1963 - Dialogue 2 (3):301-312.
  38. Imagining Modernity: Kant's Wager on Possibility.Augustin Dumont - 2017 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 38 (1):53-86.
    In the introduction to the Critique of Pure Reason (2nd edition), Kant claims that a transcendental cognition is a one ‘that is occupied not so much with objects but rather with our mode of cognition of objects insofar as is this ought to be possible a priori (a priori möglich sein soll)’. In this paper, I argue that Kant scholarship should take into account the specific signification of the term ‘sollen’, which might require us to reconsider the usual distinction between (...)
  39. La découverte de la faculté de juger réfléchissante.Daniel Dumouchel - 1994 - Kant-Studien 85 (4):419-442.
  40. Review: Mosser, Kurt, Necessity and Possibility: The Logical Strategy of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason[REVIEW]Katherine Dunlop - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (5).
  41. Necessity and Possibility: The Logical Strategy of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (Review).Philip Dwyer - 2010 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (3):402-403.
    This book is a foray into the thorny interpretive issue of what to make of Kant's so-called "Metaphysical Deduction" of the categories. As with many of the arguments in the first Critique, the claim of the Metaphysical Deduction is easier to make out than its argument. The claim is that by some or other reference to "general logic," one may obtain a "transcendental logic," i.e., a justification (or "deduction") of the categories (of the understanding) necessary to the (very) possibility of (...)
  42. The Proof Structure of Kant's A-Edition Objective Deduction.Corey W. Dyck - forthcoming - In Giuseppe Motta & Dennis Schulting (eds.), Kants transzendentale Deduktion der Kategorien: Neue Interpretationen / Kant's Transcendental Deduction of the Categories: New Interpretations. Berlin: DeGruyter.
    Kant's A-Edition objective deduction is naturally (and has traditionally been) divided into two arguments: an " argument from above" and one that proceeds " von unten auf." This would suggest a picture of Kant's procedure in the objective deduction as first descending and ascending the same ladder, the better, perhaps, to test its durability or to thoroughly convince the reader of its soundness. There are obvious obstacles to such a reading, however; and in this chapter I will argue that the (...)
  43. Review: Guyer, Paul (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason[REVIEW]Corey W. Dyck - 2011 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (1).
  44. The Explanatory Structure of the Transcendental Deduction and a Cognitive Interpretation of the First Critique.Scott Edgar - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (2):285-314.
    Consider two competing interpretations of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: the epistemic and cognitive interpretations. The epistemic interpretation presents the first Critique as a work of epistemology, but what is more, it sees Kant as an early proponent of anti-psychologism—the view that descriptions of how the mind works are irrelevant for epistemology.2 Even if Kant does not always manage to purge certain psychological-sounding idioms from his writing, the epistemic interpretation has it, he is perfectly clear that he means his evaluation (...)
  45. Kant-Lexikon.Rudolf Eisler - 1930
  46. The Case for Absolute Spontaneity in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.Addison Ellis - 2017 - Con-Textos Kantianos (6):138-164.
    Kant describes the understanding as a faculty of spontaneity. What this means is that our capacity to judge what is true is responsible for its own exercises, which is to say that we issue our judgments for ourselves. To issue our judgments for ourselves is to be self-conscious – i.e., conscious of the grounds upon which we judge. To grasp the spontaneity of the understanding, then, we must grasp the self-consciousness of the understanding. I argue that what Kant requires for (...)
    No categories
  47. Review: Strawson, Bounds of Sense. [REVIEW]Stephen A. Erickson - 1969 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 7 (3).
  48. A Short Commentary on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.A. C. Ewing - 1938 - University of Chicago Press.
    This concise volume is at once an excellent introduction to Kant'sCritique of Pure Reasonand an original analysis of Kant's ideas.
  49. The Message of Kant.A. C. Ewing - 1931 - Philosophy 6 (21):43-55.
    It is very unfortunate that the philosopher who, as would be generally agreed, has had the greatest influence on modern thought is a writer whose style presents a particularly formidable barrier to the layman, or indeed to any reader tackling him for the first time; and this makes it all the more necessary that an effort should be made by those who have read and studied his works to communicate what they take to be the essential parts of his message. (...)
  50. Der Grundgedanke des Tractatus als Metamorphose des obersten Grundsatzes der Kritik der reinen Vernunft.R. Ferber - 1984 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 75 (4):460.
    The paper puts forward that the basic principle of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (4.0312) transforms “the supreme principle of all synthetic judgments a priori” in Kant’s “Critique of Pure Reason” (A158/B197) from a level of reason to the level of language. Both philosophers, Kant and Wittgenstein, put forward a transcendental principle and both hold a formal identity true, Kant an identity between the form of experience and the form of the object of experience, Wittgenstein an identity between the form of a sentence (...)
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