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  1. Kant's Only Possible Argument and Chignell's Real Harmony.Uygar Abaci - 2014 - Kantian Review 19 (1):1-25.
    Andrew Chignell recently proposed an original reconstruction of Kant's for the existence of God. Chignell claims that what motivates the of Kant's proof, , is the requirement that the predicates of a really possible thing must be , i.e. compatible in an extra-logical or metaphysical sense. I take issue with Chignell's reconstruction. First, the pre-Critical Kant does not present as a general condition of real possibility. Second, the real harmony requirement is not what motivates the of the proof. Instead, this (...)
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  2. God, Possibility, and Kant.Robert Merrihew Adams - 2000 - Faith and Philosophy 17 (4):425-440.
    In one of his precritical works, Kant defends, as “the only possible” way of demonstrating the existence of God, an argument from the nature of possibility. Whereas Leibniz had argued that possibilities must be thought by God in order to obtain the ontological standing that they need, Kant argued that at least the most fundamental possibilities must be exemplified in God. Here Kant’s argument is critically examined in comparison with its Leibnizian predecessor, and it is suggested that an argument combining (...)
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  3. Things in Themselves.Robert Merrihew Adams - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4):801-825.
    The paper is an interpretation and defense of Kant's conception of things in themselves as noumena, along the following lines. Noumena are transempirical realities. As such they have several important roles in Kant's critical philosophy (Section 1). Our theoretical faculties cannot obtain enough content for a conception of noumena that would assure their real possibility as objects, but can establish their merely formal logical possibility (Sections 2-3). Our practical reason, however, grounds belief in the real possibility of some noumena, and (...)
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  4. Kant's Transcendental Idealism.Henry E. Allison - 1988 - Yale University Press.
    This landmark book is now reissued in a new edition that has been vastly rewritten and updated to respond to recent Kantian literature.
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  5. Ideal Und Singularität Über Die Funktion des Gottesbegriffes in Kants Theoretischer Philosophie.Svend Andersen - 1983
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  6. The Philosophical Significance of Kant's Religion.Pamela Sue Anderson - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (2):151-162.
    In my response-paper, I dispute the claim of Firestone and Jacobs that “Kant’s turn to transcendental analysis of the moral disposition via pure cognition is perhaps the most important new element of his philosophy of religion” (In Defense of Kant’s Religion, 233). In particular, I reject the role given—in the latter—to “pure cognition.” Instead I propose a Kantian variation on cognition which remains consistent with Kant’s moral postulate for the existence of God. I urge that we treat this postulate as (...)
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  7. Atheism, Radical Evil, and Kant.Dennis Vanden Auweele - 2010 - Philosophy and Theology 22 (1/2):155-176.
    This paper investigates the link between (radical) evil and the existence of God. Arguing with contemporary atheist thinkers, such as Richard Dawkins and Victor Stenger, I hold that one can take the existence of evil as a sign of the existence of God rather than its opposite. The work of Immanuel Kant, especially his thought on evil, is a fertile source to enliven this intuition. Kant implicitly seems to argue that because man is unable to overcome evil by himself, there (...)
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  8. The Ontological Argument Reconsidered.Oded Balaban & Asnat Avshalom - 1990 - Journal of Philosophical Research 15:279-310.
    The ontological argument--first proposed by St. Anselm and subsequently deveIoped by Descartes, Leibniz, Kant, Hegel and Marx--furnishes a key to understanding the relationship between thought and reality. In this article we shall focus on Hegel’s attitude towards the ontological argument as set out in his Science of Logic, where it appears as a paradigm of the relationship between thought and reality. It should be remarked, moreover, that our choice of the subject was not random and that it was seIected for (...)
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  9. Report on Volume 2 of the Akademie Edition of the Writings of Kant Based on a Study of the Essay Der'Einzig Mogliche Beweisgrund Zu Einer Demonstration des Daseins Gottes'.H. W. Bartz & L. Kreimendahl - 2000 - Kant-Studien 91:17-19.
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  10. The 4th Antinomy of Kant and the Ideal of Pure Reason.P. Baumanns - 1988 - Kant-Studien 79 (2):183-200.
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  11. Kants vierte Antinomie und das Ideal der reinen Vernunft.Peter Baumanns - 1988 - Kant-Studien 79 (1-4):183-200.
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  12. The Ontotheology of Kant in His Pre-Critical Period.Peter Baumanns - 1984 - Philosophy and History 17 (1):42-43.
  13. 'The Happy Accident': Merleau-Ponty and Kant on the Judgment of God.Michael Berman - 2011 - The European Legacy 16 (2):223-236.
    Kant's ideas about, questions, and challenges to the Western tradition of philosophy reverberate into the third century of the reception of his texts. The writings of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, the twentieth-century French existential and hermeneutic phenomenologist, are interlaced with engagements with Kant's ideas. Often these incidents are marked by Merleau-Ponty's critique, yet there is a noticeable recurrence of his efforts to contend with Kant's philosophy. In Merleau-Ponty's course notes, Nature (2002), he wrestles with Kant's version of nature in the Critique of (...)
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  14. Dieu en vue du système. Le statut de l'ens summum dans l'Opus postumum de Kant.Henny Blomme - 2013 - In Robert Theis (ed.), Kant : Théologie et religion. Vrin.
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  15. Kant's Critique of Spinoza.Omri Boehm - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    Contemporary philosophers frequently assume that Kant never seriously engaged with Spinoza or Spinozism --certainly not before the break of Der Pantheismusstreit, or within the Critique of Pure Reason. Offering an alternative reading of key pre-critical texts and to some of the Critique's most central chapters, Omri Boehm challenges this common assumption. He argues that Kant not only is committed to Spinozism in early essays such as "The One Possible Basis" and "New Elucidation," but also takes up Spinozist metaphysics as Transcendental (...)
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  16. Enlightenment, Prophecy, and Genius.Omri Boehm - 2013 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 34 (1):149-178.
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  17. Kant’s Regulative Spinozism.Omri Boehm - 2012 - Kant-Studien 103 (3):292-317.
    The question of Kant's relation to Spinozist thought has been virtually ignored over the years. I analyze Kant's pre-critical 'possibility-proof' of God's existence, elaborated in the Beweisgrund, as well as the echoes that this proof has in the first Critique, in beginning to uncover the connection between Kant's thought and Spinoza's. Kant's espousal of the Principle of Sufficient Reason [PSR] for the analysis of modality during the pre-critical period committed him, I argue, to Spinozist substance monism. Much textual evidence suggests (...)
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  18. Kant and Spinozism: Trancendental Idealism and Immanence From Jacobi to Deleuze.Omri Boehm - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (5):1041-1045.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-4, Ahead of Print.
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  19. The First Antinomy and Spinoza.Omri Boehm - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (4):683 - 710.
    Scholars commonly assume that Kant never seriously engaged with Spinoza or Spinozism. However, in his later writings Kant argues several times that Spinozism is the most consistent form of transcendental realism. In the first part of the paper, I argue that the first Antinomy, debating the age and size of the world, already reflects Kant's confrontation with Spinozist metaphysics. Specifically, the position articulated in the Antithesis ? according to which the world is infinite and uncreated ? is Spinozist, not Leibnizian, (...)
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  20. A Difficulty Still Awaits: Kant, Spinoza, and the Threat of Theological Determinism.Kimberly Brewer & Eric Watkin - 2012 - Kant-Studien 103 (2):163-187.
    In a short and much-neglected passage in the second Critique, Kant discusses the threat posed to human freedom by theological determinism. In this paper we present an interpretation of Kant’s conception of and response to this threat. Regarding his conception, we argue that he addresses two versions of the threat: either God causes appearances (and hence our spatio-temporal actions) directly or he does so indirectly by causing things in themselves which in turn cause appearances. Kant’s response to the first version (...)
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  21. God's Knowledge and Ours: Kant and Mou Zongsan on Intellectual Intuition.Nicholas Bunnin - 2008 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 35 (4):613-624.
    This article examines Mou Zongsan's claim that “if it is true that human beings cannot have intellectual intuition, then the whole of Chinese philosophy must collapse completely, and the thousands years of effort must be in vain. It is just an illusion.” I argue that Mou's commitment to establishing and justifying a “moral metaphysics” was his main motivation for rejecting Kant's denial of the possibility of humans having intellectual intuition. I consider the implications of Mou's response to Kant for the (...)
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  22. Chris L. Firestone and Stephen R. Palmquist (Eds) Kant and the New Philosophy of Religion (Bloomington and Indianapolis IN: Indiana University Press, 2006). Pp. Xxvi+ 270. $65.00 (Hbk); $25.95 (Pbk). ISBN 0253 21800 4. [REVIEW]Peter Byrne - 2007 - Religious Studies 43 (3):364-367.
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  23. DiCenso Kant, Religion, and Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011). Pp. Viii+ 294.£ 55.00 (Hbk). ISBN 978 1 107 00933 2. [REVIEW]Anthony J. Carroll - 2012 - Religious Studies 48 (4):547-551.
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  24. De l’utilisation critique d’un exemple monétaire en philosophie: Kant face à Buffier.Sébastien Charles - 2000 - Kant-Studien 91 (3):356-365.
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  25. Kant and the 'Monstrous' Ground of Possibility.Andrew Chignell - 2014 - Kantian Review 19 (1):53-69.
    I reply to recent criticisms by Uygar Abaci and Peter Yong, among others, of my reading of Kant's pre-Critical of God's existence, and of its fate in the Critical period. Along the way I discuss some implications of this debate for our understanding of Kant's modal metaphysics and modal epistemology generally.
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  26. Rational Hope, Possibility, and Divine Action.Andrew Chignell - 2014 - In Gordon E. Michalson (ed.), Religion within the Bounds of Mere Reason: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press. pp. 98-117.
    Commentators typically neglect the distinct nature and role of hope in Kant’s system, and simply lump it together with the sort of Belief that arises from the moral proof. Kant himself is not entirely innocent of the conflation. Here I argue, however, that from a conceptual as well as a textual point of view, hope should be regarded as a different kind of attitude. It is an attitude that we can rationally adopt toward some of the doctrines that are not (...)
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  27. Introduction: On Defending Kant at the AAR.Andrew Chignell - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (2):144-150.
    I briefly describe the unusually contentious author-meets-critics session that was the origin of the book symposium below. I then try to situate the present symposium within broader contemporary scholarship on Kant. -/- .
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  28. Kant, Real Possibility, and the Threat of Spinoza.Andrew Chignell - 2012 - Mind 121 (483):635-675.
    In the first part of the paper I reconstruct Kant’s proof of the existence of a ‘most real being’ while also highlighting the theory of modality that motivates Kant’s departure from Leibniz’s version of the proof. I go on to argue that it is precisely this departure that makes the being that falls out of the pre-critical proof look more like Spinoza’s extended natura naturans than an independent, personal creator-God. In the critical period, Kant seems to think that transcendental idealism (...)
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  29. Kant, Modality, and the Most Real Being.Andrew Chignell - 2009 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 91 (2):157-192.
    Kant's speculative theistic proof rests on a distinction between “logical” and “real” modality that he developed very early in the pre-critical period. The only way to explain facts about real possibility, according to Kant, is to appeal to the properties of a unique, necessary, and “most real” being. Here I reconstruct the proof in its historical context, focusing on the role played by the theory of modality both in motivating the argument (in the pre-critical period) and, ultimately, in undoing it (...)
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  30. Belief in Kant.Andrew Chignell - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (3):323-360.
    Most work in Kant’s epistemology focuses on what happens “upstream” from experience, prior to the formation of conscious propositional attitudes. By contrast, this essay focuses on what happens "downstream": the formation of assent (Fuerwahrhalten) in its various modes. The mode of assent that Kant calls "Belief" (Glaube) is the main topic: not only moral Belief but also "pragmatic" and "doctrinal" Belief as well. I argue that Kant’s discussion shows that we should reject standard accounts of the extent to which theoretical (...)
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  31. Die Auflösung des religiösen Gottesbegriffs im Opus postumum Kants.Adela Cortina - 1984 - Kant-Studien 75 (1-4):280-293.
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  32. Fichte's Transcendental Theology.Benjamin D. Crowe - 2010 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 92 (1):68-88.
    The relationship between Fichte's Wissenschaftslehre and Kant's philosophy is as important as it is ambiguous. The aim of this paper is to explore one significant and under-examined aspect of this relationship, i.e., the respective views of Fichte and Kant on the concept of God. Fichte's noteworthy divergences from Kant's discussions are described and analyzed. Fichte's explication of the concept of God is considerably sparser than Kant's. Furthermore, Fichte excludes from philosophy some of the sub-disciplines of rational theology allowed by Kant. (...)
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  33. Die Rolle der Gottesidee in Kants Konzeption des ethischen Gemeinwesens.Bernd Dçrflinger - 2008 - In Valerio Hrsg V. Rohden, Ricardo Terra & Guido Almeida (eds.), Recht Und Frieden in der Philosophie Kants. pp. 51.
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  34. ENGLAND, F. E. - Kant's Conception of God. [REVIEW]W. G. de Burgh - 1930 - Mind 39:230.
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  35. Grace and Favor in Kant’s Ethical Explication of Religion.James DiCenso - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (1):29-51.
    This paper discusses Kant’s assessment of the religious idea of grace in relation to autonomous ethical practice. Following Kant’s own explanation of his methods and goals in interpreting religious ideas, my focus is on the ethical import of inherited religious concepts for human beings, rather than on literal theological dogmas concerning supernatural matters. I focus on how Kant’s inquiry into the ethical significance of the idea of grace is intertwined with another less recognized concept, that of favor. The latter concept (...)
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  36. Kant, Religion, and Politics.James DiCenso - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers a systematic examination of the place of religion within Kant's major writings. Kant is often thought to be highly reductionistic with regard to religion - as though religion simply provides the unsophisticated with colourful representations of moral lessons that reason alone could grasp. James DiCenso's rich and innovative discussion shows how Kant's theory of religion in fact emerges directly from his epistemology, ethics and political theory, and how it serves his larger political and ethical projects of restructuring (...)
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  37. Lawrence R. Pasternak , Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kant on Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason . Reviewed By.James J. DiCenso - 2014 - Philosophy in Review 34 (3-4):117-120.
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  38. Kant: Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason: A Commentary.James J. DiCenso - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant's Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is one of the great modern examinations of religion's meaning, function and impact on human affairs. In this volume, the first complete English-language commentary on the work, James J. DiCenso explains the historical context in which the book appeared, including the importance of Kant's conflict with state censorship. He shows how the Religion addresses crucial Kantian themes such as the relationship between freedom and morality, the human propensity to evil, the status of (...)
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  39. Gott und die zeit bei aristoteles.Alwin Diemer - 1958 - Kant-Studien 50 (1-4):273-286.
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  40. Kritik der Theologie Und Gottespostulat Bei Kant.Klaus Düsing - 2010 - In Norbert Fischer & Maximilian Forschner (eds.), Die Gottesfrage in der Philosophie Immanuel Kants. Herder.
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  41. Christopher J. Insole, Kant and the Creation of Freedom: A Theological Problem (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013). ISBN 9780199677603. Xiv + 264, £ 65. [REVIEW]Richard Eldridge - 2014 - Philosophical Investigations 37 (2):178-182.
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  42. Kant, Hegel, and Habermas.H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 2010 - Review of Metaphysics 63 (4):871-903.
  43. Kant's Conception of God.F. E. England - 1929 - New York: Humanities Press.
    , WOKING PREFATORY NOTE THIS essay is an attempt to follow critically the development of Kants metaphysical thought with special reference to the concept of God ...
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  44. Kant's Conception of God a Critical Exposition of its Metaphysical Development, Together with a Translation of the Nova Dilucidatio.F. E. England & Immanuel Kant - 1929 - G. Allen & Unwin.
  45. F. E. England, Kant's Conception of God. A Critical Exposition of its Metaphysical Development, Together with a Translation of the Nova Dilucidatio. [REVIEW]A. C. Ewing - 1929 - Hibbert Journal 28:375.
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  46. Dell'esistenza: Glosse Allo Scritto Kantiano Del 1762.Mariannina Failla - 2012 - Quodlibet.
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  47. El argumento ontológico y la muerte de la metafísica. Dos visiones complementarias: Kant y Hegel.Hector Ferreiro - 2012 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 57 (3):99-120.
    The core of Kant’s criticism of the ontological argument is the thesis that existence is not a real predicate capable of being added to the concept of an object. The concept of the most perfect or the most real being is a subjective content that is as such completely determined, that is to say, that already has all the determinations that define that concept as such. Therefore, to know if that object also exists in the real world is indispensable that (...)
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  48. A Response to Critics of In Defense of Kant's Religion.Chris L. Firestone - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (2):193-209.
    This essay replies to four critics of In Defense of Kant’s Religion (IDKR). In reply to Gordon E. Michalson, Jr., I argue that the best pathway for understanding Kant’s Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason (Religion) is to conduct close textual analysis rather than giving up the art of interpretation or allowing meta-considerations surrounding Kant’s personal and political circumstances to govern one’s interpretation. In response to George di Giovanni, I contend that his critique is dismissive of theologically robust readings (...)
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  49. Kants Philosophie Und der Gottesglaube der Biblischen Offenbarung : Vorüberlegungen Zu Einem Gründlegungen Zu Einem Gründlichen Bedenken des Themas.Norbert Fischer - 2010 - In Norbert Fischer & Maximilian Forschner (eds.), Die Gottesfrage in der Philosophie Immanuel Kants. Herder.
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  50. Vom Rang Und Vom Sinn der Gottesfrage in der Philosophie Kants.Norbert Fischer - 2010 - In Norbert Fischer & Maximilian Forschner (eds.), Die Gottesfrage in der Philosophie Immanuel Kants. Herder.
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