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  1. Kant's Conception of the Highest Good, the Gesinnung, and the Theory of Radical Evil.Matthew Caswell - 2006 - Kant-Studien 97 (2):184-209.
    Early in the Preface to Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone, Kant claims that “morality leads ineluctably to religion”. This thesis is hardly an innovation of the Religion. Again and again throughout the critical corpus, Kant argues that religious belief is ethically significant, that it makes a morally meaningful difference whether an agent believes or disbelieves. And yet these claims are surely among the most doubted of Kant's positions – and they are often especially doubted by readers who consider (...)
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  2. Rational Faith and the Pantheism Controversy: Kant's "Orientation" Essay and the Evolution of His Moral Argument.Brian Chance & Lawrence Pasternack - forthcoming - In Daniel Dahlstrom (ed.), Kant and his German Contemporaries: Aesthetics, History, Politics, and Religion. Cambridge University Press.
    In this chapter we explore the importance of the Pantheism Controversy for the evolution of Kant’s so-called “Moral Argument” for the Highest Good and its postulates. After an initial discussion of the Canon of the Critique of Pure Reason, we move on to the relationship between faith and reason in the Pantheism Controversy, Kant’s response to the Controversy in his 1786 “Orientation” Essay, Thomas Wizenmann’s criticisms of that essay, and finally to the Critique of Practical Reason. We argue that while (...)
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  3. Una deducción del concepto de sumo bien kantiano.Curtis Bowman - 2013 - Signos Filosóficos 15 (29):195-222.
    Este artículo intenta desarrollar una deducción del concepto de sumo bien kantiano: esto es, intenta demostrar, de acuerdo con la interpretación de Dieter Henrich acerca de la deducción, que el sumo bien es un fin a la vez que un deber. Apelo a los rasgos de la razón práctica que constituyen la legitimidad de los hechos, la premisa que cualquier deducción debe tener. De acuerdo con Kant, el sumo bien consiste en la felicidad, la virtud y sus relaciones de proporcionalidad (...)
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  4. Was erkennt die praktische Vernunft? Zu Kants Begriff des Guten in der Kritik der praktischen Vernunft.Volker Dieringer - 2002 - Kant-Studien 93 (2):137-157.
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  5. Kants Lehre vom höchsten Gut.A. Döring - 1900 - Kant-Studien 4 (1-3):94-101.
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  6. A Kantian Theodicy.Steven M. Duncan - manuscript
    In this paper, I present a Kantian theodicy, i.e. one based on some of the leading ideas in Kant's ethics, to the classical problem of evil and recommend it as an adequate solution to the problem of evil so understood.
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  7. Das problem Des höchsten gutes in kants praktischer philosophie.Klaus Düsing - 1971 - Kant-Studien 62 (1-4):5-42.
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  8. The Concept of the Highest Good in Kant's Moral Theory.Stephen Engstrom - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (4):747-780.
    Kant claims that the concept of the highest good, the idea of happiness in proportion to virtue, is grounded in the moral law. But this claim has often been challenged. How can Kant justify including happiness in the highest good? Why should only the virtuous be worthy of happiness? This paper argues that when the moral law is interpreted as the criterion for valid application of the concept of the good, the concept of the highest good does indeed follow from (...)
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  9. The Highest Good in the Dialectic of Kant's Critique of Practical Reason.David Evans - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 16:59-65.
    Kant’s moral philosophy is celebrated for its doctrines of the primacy of the good will, the categorical imperative, and the significance of autonomy. These themes are pursued in the section of the Critique of Practical Reason which Kant called the Analytic, as well as in less formal works such as The Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals. In his main work Kant added a Dialectic, which is less well studied but is still essential to understanding his whole project. The concept (...)
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  10. Tugend und Glückseligkeit. Zu ihrem Verhältnis bei Aristoteles und Kant.Norbert Fischer - 1983 - Kant-Studien 74 (1):1-21.
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  11. The Highest Good and Kant's Proof(s) of God's Existence.Courtney Fugate - 2014 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 31 (2).
    This paper explains a way of understanding Kant's proof of God's existence in the Critique of Practical Reason that has hitherto gone unnoticed and argues that this interpretation possesses several advantages over its rivals. By first looking at examples where Kant indicates the role that faith plays in moral life and then reconstructing the proof of the second Critique with this in view, I argue that, for Kant, we must adopt a certain conception of the highest good, and so also (...)
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  12. Moral Actions, Moral Lives: Kant on Intending the Highest Good.Terry F. Godlove - 1987 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):49-64.
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  13. Beauty, Systematicity, and the Highest Good: Eckart Förster's Kant's Final Synthesis.Paul Guyer - 2003 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 46 (2):195 – 214.
    Contrary to Eckart Förster, I argue that the Opus postumum represents more of an evolution than a revolution in Kant's thought. Among other points, I argue that Kant's Selbstsetzungslehre, or theory of self-positing, according to which we cannot have knowledge of the spatio-temporal world except through recognition of the changes we initiate in it by our own bodies, does not constitute a radicalization of Kant's transcendental idealism, but is a development of the realist line of argument introduced by the "Refutation (...)
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  14. Brauchen wir Kants Idee des höchsten Guts?Beatrix Himmelmann - 2005 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 53 (4).
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  15. The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy.Thomas Höwing (ed.) - 2016 - De Gruyter.
    The idea of a final end of human conduct – the highest good – lies at the centre of important parts of Kant’s philosophy, such as his moral theory, his philosophy of religion, his views on the historical progress of the human species, and his conception of human rationality. This collection of new essays attempts to re-evaluate the doctrine of the highest good and to determine its relevance for contemporary philosophy.
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  16. Review: Fichte, Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation. [REVIEW]David James - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (2):315-317.
  17. Review: Bruxvoort Lipscomb, Benjamin J. And Krueger, James, Kant's Moral Metaphysics[REVIEW]Anja Jauernig - 2013 - Philosophical Review 122 (4):651-657.
  18. Is the Final Chapter of the Metaphysics of Morals Also the Final Chapter of the Practical Postulates?Samuel Kahn - 2015 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 89 (2):309-332.
    In this paper I trace the arc of Kant’s critical stance on the belief in God, beginning with the Critique of Pure Reason (1781) and culminating in the final chapter of the Metaphysics of Morals (1797). I argue that toward the end of his life, Kant changed his views on two important topics. First, despite his stinging criticism of it in the Critique of Pure Reason, by the time of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant seems to endorse the physico-theological argument. (...)
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  19. Kant on ‘Good’, the Good, and the Duty to Promote the Highest Good.Pauline Kleingeld - 2016 - In Thomas Höwing (ed.), The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 33-50.
    Many regard Kant’s account of the highest good as a failure. His inclusion of happiness in the highest good, in combination with his claim that it is a duty to promote the highest good, is widely seen as inconsistent. In this essay, I argue that there is a valid argument, based on premises Kant clearly endorses, in defense of his thesis that it is a duty to promote the highest good. I first examine why Kant includes happiness in the highest (...)
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  20. What Do the Virtuous Hope For?: Re-Reading Kant's Doctrine of the Highest Good.Pauline Kleingeld - 1995 - In Hoke Robinson (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighth International Kant Congress, Memphis 1995. Marquette University Press.
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  21. The Highest Good as a Possible World-on the Connection Between Cultural Philosophy and Systematic Structure in Kant.G. Kramling - 1986 - Kant-Studien 77 (3):273-288.
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  22. Das höchste Gut als mögliche Welt. Zum Zusammenhang von Kulturphilosophie und systematischer Architektonik bei I. Kant.Gerhard Krämling - 1986 - Kant-Studien 77 (1-4):273-288.
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  23. Kant: Progress in Universal History as a Postulate of Practical Reason.David Lindstedt - 1999 - Kant-Studien 90 (2):129-147.
  24. The Highest Good and the Kingdom of God in the Philosophy of Kant: A Moral Concept and a Religious Metaphor of the Good Life.D. A. A. Loose - 2004 - In Marcel Sarot & W. Stoker (eds.), Religion and the Good Life. Royal van Gorcum. pp. 195--211.
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  25. Die moralische Notwendigkeit des höchsten Guts.Florian Marwede - 2013 - In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 407-418.
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  26. Moral Law and the Highest Good: A Study of Kant's Doctrine of the Highest Good.Edmund Morris Miller - 1928 - Melbourne, Macmillan & Co. Ltd. In Association with the Melbourne University Press.
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  27. Der Gesuchte Widerstreit: Die Antinomie in Kants Kritik Der Praktischen Vernunft.Bernhard Milz - 2002 - W. De Gruyter.
    This volume documents for the first time the enormous variety of diverging interpretations and presents a text-oriented analysis of antinomy and its resolution ...
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  28. Happiness Proportioned to Virtue: Kant and the Highest Good.Eoin O'Connell - 2012 - Kantian Review 17 (2):257-279.
    This paper considers two contenders for the title of highest good in Kant's theory of practical reason: happiness proportioned to virtue and the maximization of happiness and virtue. I defend the against criticisms made by Andrews Reath and others, and show how it resolves a dualism between prudential and moral practical reasoning. By distinguishing between the highest good as a principle of evaluation and an object of agency, I conclude that the maximization of happiness and virtue is a corollary of (...)
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  29. The Highest Good In Kant's Psychology of Motivation.Mark Packer - 1983 - Idealistic Studies 13 (2):110-119.
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  30. Restoring Kant's Conception of the Highest Good.Lawrence Pasternack - 2017 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (3):435-468.
    Since the publication of Andrews Reath's “Two Conceptions of the Highest Good in Kant” (Journal of the History of Philosophy 26:4 (1988)), most scholars have come to accept the view that Kant migrated away from an earlier “theological” version to one that is more “secular.” The purpose of this paper is to explore the roots of this interpretative trend, re-assess its merits, and then examine how the Highest Good is portrayed in Kant’s Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. As (...)
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  31. Review: DiCenso, Kant's Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason: A Commentary. [REVIEW]Lawrence Pasternack - 2013 - Kantian Review 18 (3):479-483.
  32. Does Kant's Ethics Imply Reincarnation?Patrick Shade - 1995 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (3):347-360.
  33. Worthiness to Be Happy and Kant's Concept of the Highest Good.Steven G. Smith - 1984 - Kant-Studien 75 (1-4):168-190.
    Some of kant's rationales for conceiving the highest good of morality as virtue rewarded with happiness rest on the subject's "necessary" natural desire for happiness, While others appeal to a still-Obscure principle of moral desert. The principle, I argue, Is that the moral agent qua moral necessarily hopes for the "approval" of fellow moral legislators and god, Who "would" (did they exist, And if they could) signify their approval by bestowing the means of happiness.
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  34. Kant's Two Touchstones for Conviction: The Incommunicable Dimension of Moral Faith.Joseph Trullinger - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (2):369-403.
    This paper uncovers a much-neglected ambiguity in Kant’s conception of rational religion, namely, a confusion regarding the public communicability of moral faith, which would in turn render faith and knowledge indistinguishable. The few scholars who have noticed this ambiguity pursue its epistemic dimensions, but this paper explores its ramifications for Kant’s claim that coherent moral agency requires religious faith, taking issue with Lawrence Pasternack’s recent interpretation. Once one notices Kant has two methods for distinguishing conviction from persuasion, one is better (...)
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  35. Review: Muchnik (Ed.), Rethinking Kant. [REVIEW]Edgar J. Valdez - 2012 - Kantian Review 17 (3):521-527.
  36. Review: Anderson-Gold, Unnecessary Evil: History and Moral Progress in the Philosophy of Immanuel Kant. [REVIEW]Harry van der Linden - 2002 - Kantian Review 6 (1):136-139.
    Harry van der Linden's review of: Unnecessary Evil: History and Moral Progress in the Philosophy of Immanuel Kant. By Sharon Anderson-Gold. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. Pp. xiii, 138. ISBN 0-7914-4819-3 $50.50; 0-7914-4820-7 $17.95.
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  37. Kant's Highest Good: A Defense.Alonso Villarán - forthcoming - In Waibel Violetta L. & Ruffing Margit (eds.), Proceedings of the 12. International Kant Congress Nature and Freedom (Vienna, 9/21/2015-9/25/2015). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
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  38. Kant’s Highest Good: The 'Beck-Silber Controversy' in the Spanish-Speaking World.Alonso Villarán - 2017 - Faith and Philosophy 34 (1):57-81.
    In the 1960s Lewis White Beck criticized Kant’s highest good as a moral concept. In 1963 John Silber responded. Thus, the “Beck-Silber controversy.” This paper explores such controversy in the Spanish literature. It begins identifying four criticisms: the problems of heteronomy, derivation, impossibility, and irrelevance. It then identifies a new problem rescued from the Spanish literature: dualism. After categorizing, following Matthew Caswell, the Spanish defenses into revisionists, secularizers, and maximalists, this paper assesses these defenses. The paper also translates sections of (...)
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  39. El Sumo Bien Kantiano: El Objeto Construído de la Ley Moral.Alonso Villarán - 2015 - Pensamiento 71 (268):827-843.
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  40. Overcoming the Problems of Heteronomy and Derivation in Kant's Idea of the Highest Good.Alonso Villarán - 2015 - Philosophical Forum 46 (3):287-306.
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  41. Overcoming the Problem of Impossibility in Kant's Idea of the Highest Good.Alonso Villarán - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Research 38:27-41.
    The goal of this article is to defend Kant’s idea of the highest good as part of his ethics, particularly in relation to the alleged problem of impossibility, according to which it would be impossible to promote it, due to the obscurity of moral intentions and of the relative nature of happiness. As a preliminary step, a singular definition of the highest good is unfolded, one that sees the highest good as a moral world where virtue will be rewarded with (...)
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  42. Kant's Idea of the Highest Good: Its Ethical Importance for the Overcoming of Evil and to Answer the 'Whither' Question.Alonso Villarán - 2011 - Proceedings of the Southeast Philosophy Congress.
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  43. An Overarching Defense of Kant's Idea of the Highest Good.Alonso Villarán - 2010 - Dissertation, Proquest
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  44. The Antinomy of Practical Reason: Reason, the Unconditioned and the Highest Good.Eric Watkins - 2010 - In Andrews Reath & Jens Timmermann (eds.), Kant's Critique of Practical Reason: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
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  45. Reconsidering Kant’s Concept of Friendship: A Comparison with the Highest Good.Victoria S. Wike - 2013 - In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 725-732.
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  46. Kant's Practical Antinomy.Victoria S. Wike - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):425-433.
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  47. Kant's Concept of the Highest Good and the Archetype-Ectype Distinction.Victoria S. Wike & Ryan L. Showler - 2010 - Journal of Value Inquiry 44 (4):521-533.
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  48. Review: Van der Linden, Kantian Ethics and Socialism[REVIEW]Allen W. Wood - 1989 - Idealistic Studies 19 (3):271-273.
  49. Kant's Moral Religion.Allen W. Wood - 1970 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    In Kant's Moral Religion, Allen W. Wood argues that Kant's doctrine of religious belief is consistent with his best critical thinking and, in fact, that the ...
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  50. From Gratification to Justice. The Tension Between Anthropology and Pure Practical Reason in Kant's Conception(s) of the Highest Good.Thomas Wyrwich - 2011 - Kant Yearbook 3 (1).
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