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  1. On Progress: The Role of Race in Kant’s Philosophy of History.Elvira Basevich - forthcoming - In Proceedings of the 13th International Kant Congress ‘The Court of Reason’. Boston: Walter de Gruyter.
  2. The Case Against Different-Sex Marriage in Kant.Martin Sticker - 2020 - Kantian Review 25 (3):441-464.
    Recently, a number of Kantians have argued that despite Kant’s own disparaging comments about same-sex intercourse and marriage, his ethical and legal philosophy lacks the resources to show that they are impermissible. I go further by arguing that his framework is in fact more open to same-sex than to different-sex marriage. Central is Kant’s claim that marriage requires equality between spouses. Kant himself thought that men and women are not equal, and some of his more insightful remarks on the issue (...)
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  3. Kant's Moral Theory and Feminist Ethics: Women, Embodiment, Care Relations, and Systemic Injustice.Helga Varden - 2018 - In Pieranna Garavaso (ed.), The Bloomsbury Companion to Academic Feminism. pp. 459-482.
    By setting the focus on issues of dependence and embodiment, feminist work has and continues to radically improve our understanding of Kant’s practical philosophy as one that is not (as it typically has been taken to be) about disembodied abstract rational agents. This paper outlines this positive development in Kant scholarship in recent decades by taking us from Kant’s own comments on women through major developments in Kant scholarship with regard to the related feminist issues. The main aim is to (...)
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  4. Egalitarian Sexism: A Framework for Assessing Kant’s Evolutionary Theory of Marriage I.Stephen R. Palmquist - 2017 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 1 (7):35–55.
    This first part of a two-part series exploring implications of the natural differences between the sexes for the cultural evolution of marriage assesses whether Kant should be condemned as a sexist due to his various offensive claims about women. Being antithetical to modern-day assumptions regarding the equality of the sexes, Kant’s views seem to contradict his own egalitarian ethics. A philosophical framework for making cross-cultural ethical assessments requires one to assess those in other cultures by their own ethical standards. Sexism (...)
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  5. Gender and Moral Virtue in Kant’s Critique of Judgment: The Third Critique as a Template for Identifying Feminine Deficit.Sarah Woolwine & E. M. Dadlez - 2015 - Southwest Philosophy Review 31 (1):109-118.
  6. Review of Patrick Frierson's Kant's Questions: What Is The Human Being. [REVIEW]Tim Jankowiak - 2014 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2014.
  7. Racismo Filosófico: El Concepto de ‘Raza’ En Immanuel Kant.Patricio Lepe-Carrión - 2014 - Filosofia Unisinos 15 (1).
  8. The Essence of Race: Kant and Late Enlightenment Reflections.Phillip R. Sloan - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:191-195.
  9. What Nature Makes of Her: Kant's Gendered Metaphysics.Inder S. Marwah - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (3):551-567.
    Women's exclusion from political enfranchisement in Kant's political writings has frequently been noted in the literature, and yet has not been closely scrutinized. More often than not, commentators suggest that this reflects little more than Kant's sharing in the prejudices of his era. This paper argues that, for Kant, women's civil incapacities stem from defects relating to their capacities as moral agents, and more specifically, to his teleological account of the conditions within which we, as imperfect beings, develop our moral (...)
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  10. Kant and the Concept of Race: Late Eighteenth-Century Writings.Jon M. Mikkelsen (ed.) - 2013 - State University of New York Press.
    Late eighteenth-century writings on race by Kant and four of his contemporaries.
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  11. Review: Hay, Carol, Kantianism, Liberalism, and Feminism: Resisting Oppression[REVIEW]Helga Varden - 2013 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 11 (05):10-11.
  12. A Feminist, Kantian Conception of the Right to Bodily Integrity: The Cases of Abortion and Homosexuality.Helga Varden - 2012 - In Sharon Crasnow & Anita Superson (eds.), Out of the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    Pregnant women and persons engaging in homosexual practices compose two groups that have been and still are amongst those most severely subjected to coercive restrictions regarding their own bodies. From an historical point of view, it is a recent and rare phenomenon that a woman’s right to abortion and a person’s right to engage in homosexual interactions are recognized. Although most Western liberal states currently do recognize these rights, they are under continuous assault from various political and religious movements. Moreover, (...)
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  13. Objectification and Human Dignity. Kant's Marriage Law and the Law of Domestic Cohabitation.Friederike Kuster - 2011 - Kant-Studien 102 (3):335-349.
    Within The Doctrine of Right in The Metaphysics of Morals Kant deals with the social institution of household, the Domestic Society, next to Property Right and Contract Right as part of the Private Right. The juridical problem to solve is the question to what extent human beings can be entitled to dispose persons as a “belonging” at all. This problem of Reification insistently arises with regard to the relation of partners in a marriage: According to Kant, Sexuality as a consumption (...)
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  14. Verdinglichung und Menschenwürde. Kants Eherecht und das Recht der häuslichen Gemeinschaft.Friederike Kuster - 2011 - Kant-Studien 102 (3):335-349.
    Within The Doctrine of Right in The Metaphysics of Morals Kant deals with the social institution of household, the Domestic Society, next to Property Right and Contract Right as part of the Private Right. The juridical problem to solve is the question to what extent human beings can be entitled to dispose persons as a “belonging” at all. This problem of Reification insistently arises with regard to the relation of partners in a marriage: According to Kant, Sexuality as a consumption (...)
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  15. Finding Love in the Kingdom of Ends.Nellie Wieland - 2011 - Jurisprudence 2 (2):417-423.
  16. Kant on Sex and Marriage: The Implications for the Same-Sex Marriage Debate.Matthew C. Altman - 2010 - Kant-Studien 101 (3):309-330.
    When examined critically, Kant's views on sex and marriage give us the tools to defend same-sex marriage on moral grounds. The sexual objectification of one's partner can only be overcome when two people take responsibility for one another's overall well-being, and this commitment is enforced through legal coercion. Kant's views on the unnaturalness of homosexuality do not stand up to scrutiny, and he cannot (as he often tries to) restrict the purpose of sex to procreation. Kant himself rules out marriage (...)
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  17. The Importance of Personal Relationships in Kantian Moral Theory: A Reply to Care Ethics.Marilea Bramer - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (1):121-139.
    Care ethicists have long insisted that Kantian moral theory fails to capture the partiality that ought to be present in our personal relationships. In her most recent book, Virginia Held claims that, unlike impartial moral theories, care ethics guides us in how we should act toward friends and family. Because these actions are performed out of care, they have moral value for a care ethicist. The same actions, Held claims, would not have moral worth for a Kantian because of the (...)
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  18. Immanuel Kant Over Ras En Teleologie.Joris van Gorkom - 2010 - de Uil Van Minerva 23:193-218.
  19. Kant's Politics: Provisional Theory for an Uncertain World, by Elisabeth Ellis. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2005. Pp. 260, Hardcover ISBN 0–300–10120–1 £25.00 The Kantian Imperative: Humiliation, Common Sense, Politics, by Paul Saurette. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005. Pp. 310, Paperback ISBN 0–8020–4880–3 £22.50, Hardcover 0–8020–38824 £48.00. [REVIEW]Gary Banham - 2008 - Kantian Review 13 (2):141-145.
  20. Race, Difference, and Anthropology in Kant's Cosmopolitanism.Todd Hedrick - 2008 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (2):pp. 245-268.
    This paper explores the connections between Kant’s theory of hierarchical racial difference, on the one hand, and his cosmopolitanism and conceptions of moral and political progress, on the other. I argue that Kant’s racial biology plays an essential role in maintaining national-cultural differences, which he views as essential for the establishment of the cosmopolitan union. Unfortunately, not only are these views racist, they also complicate Kant’s ability to consistently think through the prospect of the human species’ moral progress. Thus, while (...)
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  21. Immanuel Kant on Racial Identity.Joris van Gorkom - 2008 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (1):1-10.
    Immanuel Kant enshrined the modem notion of race. Many commentators prefer to ignore this aspect of Kant’s thinking, considering it to be out-dated, merely a remnant of eighteenth century philosophy or bad science. This article will examine Kant’s racial theory within the context of his wider work, and mainly so with regard to the teleological principle. Kant often presents his new notion of race and racial differences in relation to teleology, i.e., he used races as an example for understanding the (...)
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  22. Merchants, Master-Manufacturers and Greedy People. [REVIEW]Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2007 - History of Economic Ideas 15 (2):143-154.
    A discussion of McCloskey's argument for a bourgeois virtue ethics. I criticize his opposition of Adam Smith's and Kant's ethics, arguing that they share much more than the author believes. I criticize the idea that what is most respectable in modern liberal-democratic societies is a gift of Capitalism.
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  23. Of the Different Races of Human Beings (1775).Immanuel Kant - 2007 - In Anthropology, History, and Education. Cambridge University Press.
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  24. Kant's Second Thoughts on Race.Pauline Kleingeld - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (229):573–592.
    During the 1780s, as Kant was developing his universalistic moral theory, he published texts in which he defended the superiority of whites over non-whites. Whether commentators see this as evidence of inconsistent universalism or of consistent inegalitarianism, they generally assume that Kant's position on race remained stable during the 1780s and 1790s. Against this standard view, I argue on the basis of his texts that Kant radically changed his mind. I examine his 1780s race theory and his hierarchical conception of (...)
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  25. Stain Removal: On Race and Ethics.Art Massara - 2007 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (4):498-528.
    What role does race play in the moral judgment of character? None, ideally, philosophers insist, contending that the proper assessment of an action requires that we disregard any social values associated with the body performing it. What rightly comes under evaluation, they assert, is the neutral, abstract deed irrespective of the race of the agent. Only under these conditions, presumably, can we gauge true moral worth. Reading together Immanuel Kant and Frantz Fanon on ethics and race, I propose instead that (...)
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  26. Women Are Nervous, Men Are Supposed to Be Brave--Gender Difference and Emotions with Immanuel Kant.R. Lochel - 2006 - Kant-Studien 97 (1):50-78.
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  27. A Kantian Conception of Rightful Sexual Relations: Sex, (Gay) Marriage and Prostitution.Helga Varden - 2006 - Social Philosophy Today 22:199-218.
    This paper defends a legal and political conception of sexual relations grounded in Kant’s Doctrine of Right. First, I argue that only a lack of consent can make a sexual deed wrong in the legal sense. Second, I demonstrate why all other legal constraints on sexual practices in a just society are legal constraints on seemingly unrelated public institutions. I explain the way in which the just state acts as a civil guardian for domestic relations and as a civil guarantor (...)
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  28. Marital, Martial, Maritime Law: Toward Some Controversial Passages in Kant's Doctrine of Right.Peter D. Fenves - 2005 - Diacritics 35 (4):101-120.
    Beginning with an analysis of an early satire of Kant 's doctrine of marital law, this essay draws on Walter Benjamin's condensed exposition of this doctrine in order to ask whether Kant 's notoriously unsentimental representation of marriage is, in fact, from the perspective of his own idea of law, overly sentimental. Whereas Kant ridicules the idea of a "law of war" in his program for perpetual peace, he accepts the possibility of legally sanctioned intercourse, in which people use others (...)
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  29. Kant's Untermenschen.Charles Mills - 2005 - In Andrew Valls (ed.), Race and Racism in Modern Philosophy. Cornell University Press. pp. 169--93.
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  30. Moral Equality and Natural Inferiority.Laurence Thomas - 2005 - Social Theory and Practice 31 (3):379-404.
    This essay is a commentary upon "Race and Kant" by Thomas Hill, Jr and Bernard Boxill. They argue that although Kant in his anthropological writings took blacks to be inferior, his moral theory requires that they be shown the proper moral respect since blacks are persons nonetheless. I argue that this argument is sound, because the conception of inferiority that Kant attributed to blacks does not permit showing them the proper moral respect. Imagine a defective Mercedes Benz and a Ford (...)
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  31. On Kant Off Kant.Sharad Deshpande - 2004 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 31 (1-4):1.
  32. Kant and Sexual Perversion.Alan Soble - 2003 - The Monist 86 (1):55-89.
    This article discusses the views of Immanuel Kant on sexual perversion (what he calls "carnal crimes against nature"), as found in his Vorlesung (Lectures on Ethics) and the Metaphysics of Morals (both the Rechtslehre and Tugendlehre). Kant criticizes sexual perversion by appealing to Natural Law and to his Formula of Humanity. Neither argument for the immorality of sexual perversion succeeds.
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  33. Kant's Ethical Duties and Their Feminist Implications.Lara Denis - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 28 (Supplement):157-87.
    Many feminist philosophers have been highly critical of Kant’s ethics, either because of his rationalism or because of particular claims he makes about women in his writings on anthropology and political philosophy. In this paper, I call attention to the aspects of Kant’s ethical theory that make it attractive from a feminist standpoint. Kant’s duties to oneself are rich resource for feminism. These duties require women to act in ways that show respect for themselves as rational human agents by, e.g., (...)
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  34. R. M. Schott [Hrsg.]: Feminist Interpretations Of Immanuel Kant. [REVIEW]Fernanda Henriques - 2002 - Kant-Studien 93 (2):230-233.
    It is a critical review of the work: May Schott(ed), Feminisst interpretations of Immanuel Kant.
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  35. Debt and Duty: Kant, Derrida, and African Philosophy.Bruce Janz - 2001 - Janus Head.
  36. Kant’s Shameful Proposition.Allegra De Laurentiis - 2000 - International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (159):297-312.
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  37. Kant and Race.Thomas E. Hill & Bernard Boxill - 2000 - In Bernard Boxill (ed.), Race and Racism. Oxford University Press.
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  38. The Kingdom of Ends as a Social Philosophy. [REVIEW]Catriona McKinnon - 2000 - Kantian Review 4:138-148.
  39. The Morality of Sex: Contra Kant.Irving Singer - 2000 - Critical Horizons 1 (2):175-191.
    While much that is admirable in romanticism stems from Kant's philosophy,a better account of how sexuality can be an ethical possibility exceeds the cramped parameters that he imposes. His conception of marriage and its dependence upon a contractual exchange of rights may well be irremediable because of its formal emptinesses. His idea of human love as good will and an interest in the welfare of the beloved is defensible as far as it goes. But it does not go far enough (...)
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  40. Kant and the Antigone: The Possibility of Conflicting Duties.Brent Adkins - 1999 - International Philosophical Quarterly 39 (4):455-466.
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  41. Hegel and the Problem of Particularity in Moral Judgment.Jeffrey A. Gauthier - 1999 - Women's Philosophy Review 22:58-79.
    Barbara Herman's account of rules of moral salience goes far in explaining how Kantian moral theory can integrate historically emergent normative criticisms such as that offered by feminists. The ethical motives that initially lead historical agents to expand our moral categories, however, are often at odds with Kant's (and Herman's) theory of moral motivations. I argue that Hegel offers a more accurate account of ethical motivation under oppressive conditions.
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  42. Kant and Feminism.Kurt Mosser - 1999 - Kant-Studien 90 (3):322-353.
  43. Feminist Interpretations of Immanuel Kant. Edited by Robin May Schott. University Park: Pennsylvania State Press, 1997.Mechthild Nagel - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (3):169-172.
  44. Review: Schott, Feminist Interpretations of Immanuel Kant. [REVIEW]Mechthild Nagel - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (3):169-172.
  45. Feminist Interpretations of Immanuel Kant. Edited by Robin May Schott. University Park, PA: Penn State University Press. Pp. 423 ISBN 0-271-01675-2 £49.50/$55; ISBN 0-271-01676-0 £17.50/$18.95. [REVIEW]Sharon Anderson-Gold - 1998 - Kantian Review 2:155-157.
  46. Feminist Interpretations of Kant.Robin May Schott (ed.) - 1997
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  47. “The Effects of Blackness”: Gender, Race, and The Sublime in Aesthetic Theories of Burke and Kant.Meg Armstrong - 1996 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 54 (3):213-236.
  48. Reviews: The Normative Grounds of Social Criticism: Kant, Rawls and Habermas; Justice and World Order: A Philosophical Inquiry; Situating the Self: Gender, Community and Postmodernism in Contemporary Ethics. [REVIEW]Gillian Robinson - 1994 - Thesis Eleven 37 (1):165-170.
    Reviews : Kenneth Baynes, The Normative Grounds of Social Criticism: Kant, Rawls and Habermas ; Janna Thompson, Justice and World Order: A Philosophical Inquiry ; Seyla Benhabib, Situating the Self: Gender, Community and Postmodernism in Contemporary Ethics.
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  49. Beyond a Pragmatic Critique of Reason.Rae Langton - 1993 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 71 (4):364 – 384.
  50. Kant and the Education of the Human Race.J. Luik - 1992 - Lumen 11:159-170.
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