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Summary Though Kant does not devote a separate text to the philosophical analysis of language, he does discuss language, communication, and meaning at several key points in his major writings.  What is more, Kant's theory of concepts and his related distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments have both been deeply influential upon subsequent developments in philosophy of language across many different traditions.
Key works Discussions of language and meaning can be found in the Doctrine of Method in the Critique of Pure Reason, scattered throughout the later Critique of the Power of Judgment, as well as in his Anthropology.  There are also discussions of our capacity to engage with language and signs in his lectures on metaphysics.  The most well-known discussions of the distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments can also be found in the Critique of Pure Reason, as well as in the Prolegomena and in other writings collected in Kant 2002.
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  1. Egologische reflexion.Hermann Ulrich Asemissen - 1958 - Kant-Studien 50 (1-4):262-272.
  2. Kant's Metaphors for Persons and Community.Diana E. Axelsen - 1989 - Philosophy and Theology 3 (4):301-321.
    I argue that, although it is probably not possible to construct a thoroughly consistent interpretation of Kantian metaphors, there is a perspective in Kant’s later writings which provides a framework for selecting and sorting central metaphors. Following a discussion of the work or Lakoff and Johnson on metaphor, I provide an examination of Kant’s distinction between noumenon and phenomenon as an example of a metaphor grounded upon spatio-temporal experience, and conclude with suggestions concerning the role of metaphor in Kant’s account (...)
  3. Pluralistic Kantianism and Understanding the "Other".Murat Baç - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 11:13-18.
    In this paper I present Pluralistic Kantianism as a viable alternative to other prominent accounts of the determination of the truth conditions of our ordinary empirical statements. I further claim that this sort of Kantianism is capable of handling certain theoretical difficulties faced by any scheme-based semantics. Moreover, Pluralistic Kantianism can shed some light on such crucial issues as cross-cultural communication and understanding. As a result, if the account offered here is on the right track, we may get a palatable (...)
  4. Pluralistic Kantianism.Murat Baç - 2006 - Philosophical Forum 37 (2):183–204.
  5. Kant's Transcendental Problem as a Linguistic Problem.K. Bagchi - 1971 - Philosophy 46 (178):341 - 345.
    Kant's system of Transcendental Idealism may be regarded, in the contemporary philosophical perspective, as concerned with the problem whether any linguistic or conceptual system can be regarded as adequately explained in terms of the facts which the system organises. ‘ Transcendental ’ may be understood as what is ‘ non-reducible ’. Kant seems to hold that a linguistic scheme cannot be reduced to the facts which fall within the scheme, and thus it is transcendental to those facts. Formulated in such (...)
  6. Metalanguage and Transcendental Idealism.Kalyankumar Bagchi - 1972 - Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy, Visva-Bharati.
  7. Ethics Vindicated: Kant's Transcendental Legitimation of Moral Discourse. [REVIEW]Gary Banham - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (1):111-112.
    This is a short review of a work by Bencivenga on Kant's ethics that argues for a view of Kant that treats his moral rules as not prescriptive but only transcendental and takes issue with this reading.
  8. On the Meta-Semantics of the Problem of the Synthetic a Priori.Lewis White Beck - 1957 - Mind 66 (262):228-232.
  9. Kant's Theory of Definition.Lewis White Beck - 1956 - Philosophical Review 65 (2):179-191.
    In the modern discussions about possibility of synthetic a priori propositions, the theory of definition has a fundamental importance, because the most definition’s theories hold that analytic judgments are involved by explicit definition . However, for Kant –first author who pointed out the distinction between analytic and synthetic propositions–many analytic judgments are made by analysis of concepts which need not first be established by definition. Moreover, for him not all a priori knowledge is analytic. The statement that not all analytic (...)
  10. Russell and Historical Truth.R. F. Beerling - 1964 - Kant-Studien 55 (1-4):385-393.
  11. Again on Existence as a Predicate.Ermanno Bencivenga - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (2):125-138.
  12. Kant on Spatial Orientation.Sven Bernecker - 2012 - European Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):519-533.
    This paper develops a novel interpretation of Kant's argument from incongruent counterparts to the effect that the representations of space and time are intuitions rather than concepts. When properly understood, the argument anticipates the contemporary position whereby the meaning of indexicals cannot be captured by descriptive contents.
  13. Vagueness, Kant and Topology: A Study of Formal Epistemology.Giovanni Boniolo & Silvio Valentini - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (2):141-168.
    In this paper we propose an approach to vagueness characterised by two features. The first one is philosophical: we move along a Kantian path emphasizing the knowing subject’s conceptual apparatus. The second one is formal: to face vagueness, and our philosophical view on it, we propose to use topology and formal topology. We show that the Kantian and the topological features joined together allow us an atypical, but promising, way of considering vagueness.
  14. The Grammar of Reason: Hamann's Challenge to Kant.Robert E. Butts - 1988 - Synthese 75 (2):251 - 283.
  15. Kant on Analogy.John J. Callanan - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (4):747 – 772.
    The role of analogy appears in surprisingly different areas of the first Critique. On the one hand, Kant considered the concept to have a specific enough meaning to entitle the principle concerned with causation an analogy; on the other hand we can find Kant referring to analogy in various parts of the Transcendental Dialectic in a seemingly different manner. Whereas in the Transcendental Analytic, Kant takes some time to provide a detailed (if not clear) account of the meaning of the (...)
  16. Reduction and Description: From Kant to Husserl / Reduction Et Description : De Kant a Husserl.Virgil Ciomos - 2010 - Studia Philosophica 2.
    Resuming, for the very beginning, the thematic context in which Kant and then Husserl define the sense of the transcendental analytics, the author stops on the relation between description and reduction. He focuses on and monitors different analytical expressions of the description at the same time with different architectonic senses of reduction, insisting on the phenomenal, eidetic and thematic levels. In the center of his attention there are the architectonic characters from eidos ego to the transcendental ego, namely from the (...)
  17. George A. Schrader, Some Questions on Kant.Gordon H. Clark - 1951 - Review of Metaphysics 5:473.
  18. Russell and Kant.J. Alberto Coffa - 1981 - Synthese 46 (2):247 - 263.
  19. Beyond the Sensibility of Language.Ciril Coh - 2010 - Filozofska Istrazivanja 30 (4):563-579.
  20. Kant and the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy. [REVIEW]A. B. Dickerson - 2002 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80 (3):386–388.
    Book Information Kant and the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy. By Robert Hanna. Oxford University Press. Oxford. 2001. Pp. xv + 312. Hardback, £45.00.
  21. Kant's Criteria of the a Priori.John Divers - 1999 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 80 (1):17–45.
  22. Wittgenstein and Kant.S. Morris Engel - 1970 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (4):483-513.
  23. Why Kantian Symbols Cannot Be Kantian Metaphors.Stefan Forrester - 2012 - Southwest Philosophy Review 28 (2):107-127.
    There is some limited contemporary scholarship on the theory of metaphor Kant appears to provide in his Critique of Judgment. The dominant interpretations that have emerged of Kant’s somewhat nascent account of metaphors are what I refer to as the symbolist view, which states that Kantian symbols should be viewed as Kantian metaphors, and the aesthetic idea view, which holds that Kant defi ned metaphors as aesthetic ideas . In this essay, I claim that the symbolist view of Kantian metaphors (...)
  24. Kant, Analogy, and Natural Theology.Jerry H. Gill - 1984 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 16 (1):19 - 28.
  25. Kant and Wittgenstein: Philosophy, Necessity and Representation.Hans‐Johann Glock - 1997 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 5 (2):285-305.
    Several authors have detected profound analogies between Kant and Wittgenstein. Their claims have been contradicted by scholars, such being the agreed penalty for attributions to authorities. Many of the alleged similarities have either been left unsubstantiated at a detailed exegetical level, or have been confined to highly general points. At the same time, the 'scholarly' backlash has tended to ignore the importance of some of these general points, or has focused on very specific issues or purely terminological matters. To advance (...)
  26. Coffa's Kant and the Evolution of Accounts of Mathematical Necessity.William Mark Goodwin - 2010 - Synthese 172 (3):361 - 379.
    According to Alberto Coffa in The Semantic Tradition from Kant to Carnap, Kant’s account of mathematical judgment is built on a ‘semantic swamp’. Kant’s primitive semantics led him to appeal to pure intuition in an attempt to explain mathematical necessity. The appeal to pure intuition was, on Coffa’s line, a blunder from which philosophy was forced to spend the next 150 years trying to recover. This dismal assessment of Kant’s contributions to the evolution of accounts of mathematical necessity is fundamentally (...)
  27. From Kant to Hegel: On Robert Brandom's Pragmatic Philosophy of Language.Jürgen Habermas - 2000 - European Journal of Philosophy 8 (3):322–355.
  28. The Determinate-Indeterminate Distinction and Kants Theory of Judgment.Seung-Kee Lee - 2004 - Kant-Studien 95 (2):204-225.
  29. Striving for Truth in the Practice of Mathematics: Kant and Frege.Danielle Macbeth - 2007 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 75 (1):65-92.
    My aim is to understand the practice of mathematics in a way that sheds light on the fact that it is at once a priori and capable of extending our knowledge. The account that is sketched draws first on the idea, derived from Kant, that a calculation or demonstration can yield new knowledge in virtue of the fact that the system of signs it employs involves primitive parts that combine into wholes that are themselves parts of larger wholes. Because wholes (...)
  30. Implicit Thoughts: Quine, Frege and Kant on Analytic Propositions.Verena Mayer - 2003 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 66 (1):61-90.
    Quine criticised the semantic notion of analyticity that is often attributed to Frege and Kant for presupposing an essentialist theory of meaning. In what follows I trace back the notion from Quine via Carnap to Frege and Kant, and eventually examine Kant's distinction between analytic and synthetic judgements in more detail. It turns out that the so called Frege-Kant-notion of analyticity can not be attributed to Kant. In contrast, Kant had a distinctly pragmatic notion of analytic judgements. According to him (...)
  31. Why Doesn't Kant Care About Natural Language?Kurt Mosser - 2001 - Dialogue 40 (1):25.
  32. Self, Language, and World: Problems From Kant, Sellars, and Rosenberg.James R. O'Shea & Eric Rubenstein (eds.) - 2010 - Ridgeview Publishing Co..
  33. Kant's First Critique.H. J. Paton - 1956 - Philosophical Quarterly 6 (24):260-265.
  34. Kant, the Local Sign Theorists, and Wilfrid Sellars' Doctrine of Analogical Predication.Gene Pendleton - 1989 - Philosophia 19 (1):45-59.
  35. Kant and Kripke on Necessary Empirical Truths.Michael Perrick - 1985 - Mind 94 (376):596-598.
  36. Jupiter's Eagle and the Despot's Hand Mill: Two Views on Metaphor in Kant.Kirk Pillow - 2001 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 59 (2):193–209.
  37. Is Hypothetical Reason a Precursor to Reflective Judgment?Suma Rajiva - 2006 - Kant-Studien 97 (1):114-126.
  38. Critique of Pure Reason and Language: Concerning the Problem of Categories in Kant.Manfred Riedel - 1983 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 9 (2):33-46.
  39. Kant, Heidegger and the Performative Character of Language in the First Critique.Frank Schalow - 2003 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (1):165-180.
    By tracing the discourse employed by Critical philosophy back to a pre-predicative level of language, this paper adds a dimension to Heidegger’s retrieval of Kant. By making explicit the role that language plays in the first Critique—both in the development of the transcendental schema of knowledge in the Transendental Analytic and the determination of the boundaries of pure reason in the Transcendental Dialectic—a bridge is formed between Heidegger’s hermeneutics and Kant’s critical enterprise. Heidegger’s destructive-retrieval of Kant’s thought is then seen (...)
  40. Without Running Riot: Kant, Analogical Language, and Theological Discourse.Paul E. Stroble - 1993 - Sophia 32 (3):57-73.
  41. The Immanent Word: The Turn to Language in German Philosophy 1759-1801.Katie Terezakis - 2007 - Routledge.
    The Immanent Word establishes that the philosophical study of language inaugurated in the 1759 works of Hamann and Lessing marks a paradigm shift in modern philosophy; it analyzes the transformation of that shift in works of Herder, Kant, Fichte, Novalis and Schlegel. It contends that recent studies of early linguistic philosophy obscure the most relevant commission of its thinkers, arguing against the theological appropriation of Hamann by John Milbank; against the "expressive" appropriation of Hamann and Herder by Christina Lafont and (...)
  42. Unity of the Mental and 'Logical' Identity: After Kant and Hegel.Giuseppe Varnier - 2000 - Topoi 19 (2):157-178.
  43. Kant on the Possibility of Thought: Universals Without Language.Wayne Waxman - 1995 - Review of Metaphysics 48 (4):809 - 858.
  44. On a Semantic Interpretation of Kant's Concept of Number.Wing-Chun Wong - 1999 - Synthese 121 (3):357-383.
    What is central to the progression of a sequence is the idea of succession, which is fundamentally a temporal notion. In Kant's ontology numbers are not objects but rules (schemata) for representing the magnitude of a quantum. The magnitude of a discrete quantum 11...11 is determined by a counting procedure, an operation which can be understood as a mapping from the ordinals to the cardinals. All empirical models for numbers isomorphic to 11...11 must conform to the transcendental determination of time-order. (...)
  45. Review of Otfried Hoeffe, Kants Kritik der Reinen Vernunft. Die Grundlegung der Modernen Philosophie[REVIEW]Falk Wunderlich - 2004 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004 (9).
Kant: Analyticity
  1. Leibniz and Kant on Existence and the Syntheticity of Existential Statements.Uygar Abaci - 2013 - In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 297-308.
  2. Apperception and Analyticity in the B-Deduction.Henry E. Allison - 1993 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 44:233-252.
    This paper defends the thesis of the analyticity of the principle of apperception, as developed in the first part of the B-Deduction, against recent criticisms by Paul Guyer and Patricia Kitchen The first part presents these criticisms, the most important of which being that the analyticity thesis is incompatible with both the avowed goal of which being that the Deduction of establishing the validity of the categories and Üie account of apperception in the A-Deduction. The second part argues that Kant's (...)
  3. The Poverty of Conceptual Truth: Kant's Analytic/Synthetic Distinction and the Limits of Metaphysics.R. Lanier Anderson - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    R. Lanier Anderson presents a new account of Kant's distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments, and provides it with a clear basis within traditional logic. He reconstructs compelling claims about the syntheticity of elementary mathematics, and re-animates Kant's arguments against traditional metaphysics in the Critique of Pure Reason.
  4. The Wolffian Paradigm and its Discontent: Kant's Containment Definition of Analyticity in Historical Context.R. Lanier Anderson - 2005 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 87 (1):22-74.
    I defend Kant’s definition of analyticity in terms of concept “containment”, which has engendered widespread scepticism. Kant deployed a clear, technical notion of containment based on ideas standard within traditional logic, notably genus/species hierarchies formed via logical division. Kant’s analytic/synthetic distinction thereby undermines the logico-metaphysical system of Christian Wolff, showing that the Wolffian paradigm lacks the expressive power even to represent essential knowledge, including elementary mathematics, and so cannot provide an adequate system of philosophy. The results clarify the extent to (...)
  5. Containment Analyticity and Kant's Problem of Synthetic Judgment.R. Lanier Anderson - 2004 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 25 (2):161-204.
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