About this topic
Summary Kant's thought about logic is at once central to his own philosophical system and also stands at a key transitional moment in the broader history of logic and philosophy of logic.  Kant conceives of logic as the science of our understanding, which means that it is tasked with discovering the basic kinds of activities that our understanding is capable of (formal logic), as well as the basic kinds of representational contents (concepts) that our understanding makes use of in these acts (transcendental logic).  Because forming a science is itself one of these acts, and because philosophy itself is intended to be a science, Kant thinks that logic provides philosophy with the core blueprint of its structure -- a thought exemplified by his famous organizational 'Tables', and picked up by later German Idealists (among others).  Yet because Kant thinks that our minds are capable of more than just understanding, both in terms of the kinds of its activity and in terms of the representational contents it can engage with, Kant thinks that the knowledge provided within logic is sharply limited.  Critically revisiting these alleged restrictions provided inspiration for many of those responsible for the most influential developments in the subsequent history of logic (such as Bolzano, Frege, and Russell).
Key works Despite its central importance for his philosophical system, Kant himself did not publish a separate work on logic during his lifetime.  Nevertheless, Kant does present his views on logic in almost all of his most important theoretical writings, including Kant 1998, and works collected in Kant 2002 and Kant 2002.  What is more, Kant lectured on logic throughout the entirety of his career, and the surviving student transcripts of some of these lectures provide us with a further window into Kant's thought about logic, some of which are collected in Kant 1992.  Finally, the vast collection of notes and fragments that Kant left after his death contain many brief discussions about logic, some of which can be found in Kant 2005.
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  1. Hegel’s Conception of Thinking in His Logics.Clinton Tolley - 2018 - In Sandra Lapointe (ed.), Logic from Kant to Russell. London: Routledge.
  2. Kant and the Problem of Self-Knowledge.Luca Forgione - 2018 - New York, Stati Uniti: Routledge.
    This book addresses the problem of self-knowledge in Kant’s philosophy. As Kant writes in his major works of the critical period, it is due to the simple and empty representation ‘I think’ that the subject’s capacity for self-consciousness enables the subject to represent its own mental dimension. This book articulates Kant’s theory of self-knowledge on the basis of the following three philosophical problems: 1) a semantic problem regarding the type of reference of the representation ‘I’; 2) an epistemic problem regarding (...)
  3. The Poverty of Conceptual Truth: Kant's Analytic/Synthetic Distinction and the Limits of Metaphysics, by R. Lanier Anderson: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, Pp. Xviii + 408, US$70. [REVIEW]Nicholas F. Stang - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (2):394-397.
  4. Kant on the Logical Form of Singular Judgments.Huaping Lu-Adler - 2014 - Kantian Review 19:367-92.
    At A71/B96–7 Kant explains that singular judgements are ‘special’ because they stand to the general ones as Einheit to Unendlichkeit. The reference to Einheit brings to mind the category of unity and hence raises a spectre of circularity in Kant’s explanation. I aim to remove this spectre by interpreting the Einheit-Unendlichkeit contrast in light of the logical distinctions among universal, particular and singular judgments shared by Kant and his logician predecessors. This interpretation has a further implication for resolving a controversy (...)
  5. The Normativity of Kant's Logical Laws.Jessica Leech - 2017 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 34 (4).
    According to received wisdom, Kant takes the laws of logic to be normative laws of thought. This has been challenged by Tolley (2006). In this paper, I defend the received wisdom, but with an important modification: Kant's logical laws are constitutive norms for thought. The laws of logic do tell us what thinking is, not because all thoughts are in conformity with logical laws, but because all thoughts are, by nature, subject to the standard of logic.
  6. Does Kant's Critique Belong to the Tradition of Modern Logic?Colin McQuillan - 2017 - In Roberto Casales García & J. Martin Castro Manzana (eds.), La Modernidad en Perspectiva. Granada: Editorial Comares.
  7. Epigenesis of Pure Reason and the Source of Pure Cognitions.Huaping Lu-Adler - 2018 - In Pablo Muchnik & Oliver Thorndike (eds.), Rethinking Kant Vol.5. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 35-70.
    Kant describes logic as “the science that exhaustively presents and strictly proves nothing but the formal rules of all thinking”. (Bviii-ix) But what is the source of our cognition of such rules (“logical cognition” for short)? He makes no concerted effort to address this question. It will nonetheless become clear that the question is a philosophically significant one for him, to which he can see three possible answers: those representations are innate, derived from experience, or originally acquired a priori. Although (...)
  8. Kant on Opinion: Assent, Hypothesis, and the Norms of General Applied Logic.Lawrence Pasternack - 2014 - Kant-Studien 105 (1).
  9. Kant, Bolzano, and the Emergence of Logicism.Alberto Coffa - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (11):679-689.
  10. Kant on Concepts: Or, Was Kant Frege?Sarah Tietz - unknown
  11. Kant on Proving Aristotle’s Logic as Complete.Huaping Lu-Adler - 2016 - Kantian Review 21 (1):1-26.
    Kant claims that Aristotles logic as complete, explain the historical and philosophical considerations that commit him to proving the completeness claim and sketch the proof based on materials from his logic corpus. The proof will turn out to be an integral part of Kant’s larger reform of formal logic in response to a foundational crisis facing it.
  12. Die Logik und ihr Spiegelbild: Das Verhältnis von formaler und transzendentaler Logik in Kants philosophischer Entwicklung.Maria Jesús Vásquez Lobeiras - 1998 - Lang.
  13. Questions of Form: Logic and Analytic Proposition From Kant to Carnap.Anastasios Albert Brenner (ed.) - 1989 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    _Questions of Form _was first published in 1989. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. In _Questions on Form_, Joelle Proust traces the concept of the analytic proposition from Kant's development of the notion down to its place in the work of Rudolf Carnap, a founder of logical empiricism and a key figure in contemporary analytic philosophy. Using a method known in France (...)
  14. Lectures on Logic.J. Michael Young (ed.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant's views on logic and logical theory play an important part in his critical writings, especially the Critique of Pure Reason. However, since he published only one short essay on the subject, we must turn to texts derived from his logic lectures to understand his views. This volume includes three previously untranslated transcripts of Kant's logic lectures: the Blomberg Logic, the Vienna Logic supplemented by the recently discovered Hechsel Logic, and the Dohna-Wundlacken Logic. Also included is a new translation of (...)
  15. Kant, Cicero, and «popularity» in the Lectures on Logic.Catalina González - 2015 - In Ubirajara Rancan de Azevedo Marques, Robert Louden, Claudio La Rocca & Bernd Dörflinger (eds.), Kant's Lectures / Kants Vorlesungen. De Gruyter. pp. 47-60.
  16. Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason Within the Tradition of Modern Logic.Marco Sgarbi - 2013 - In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 497-508.
  17. Bolzano's Wissenschaftslehre, 1837-1987 International Workshop.Centro Fiorentino di Storia E. Filisofia Della Scienza - 1992
  18. Kant's Logic.Alan Shamoon - 1979 - Dissertation, Columbia University
    The present study is based primarily upon Kant's published works, his lectures on logic, and the logic Nachlass. Other philosophers and logicians are discussed to the extent to which their views help to clarify Kant's logical theory. ;The central argument of the Analytic is that there are certain features of the world which are due to the ways in which concepts can be connected to form judgments. The "logical functions" represent those primitive logical operations which are applied to concepts or (...)
  19. I. KANT "Lectures on Logic". [REVIEW]T. Boswell - 1994 - History and Philosophy of Logic 15 (2):244.
  20. George A. Schrader, Some Questions on Kant.Gordon H. Clark - 1951 - Review of Metaphysics 5:473.
  21. Thinking the in-Itself and its Relation to Appearances.Christian Onof - unknown
    Book synopsis: This key collection of essays sheds new light on long-debated controversies surrounding Kant’s doctrine of idealism and is the first book in the English language that is exclusively dedicated to the subject. Well-known Kantians Karl Ameriks and Manfred Baum present their considered views on this most topical aspect of Kant's thought. Several essays by acclaimed Kant scholars broach a vastly neglected problem in discussions of Kant's idealism, namely the relation between his conception of logic and idealism: The standard (...)
  22. I Kant ’s Lectures On Logic; I.Kant ’s Theoretical Writings 1755-1770. [REVIEW]F. Hughes - 1995 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 32:14-18.
  23. Logic From the German of Emmanuel Kant, M.A. ... To Which is Annexed a Sketch of His Life and Writings.Immanuel Kant, John Richardson & W. Simpkin and R. Marshall - 1819 - Printed for W. Simpkin and R. Marshall ..
  24. Francesco Barone: Logica formale E logica trascendentale. I: Da Leibniz a Kant. [REVIEW]George Henry Radcliffe Parkinson - 1970 - Studia Leibnitiana 2:67.
  25. Bolzano's Philosophy and the Emergence of Modern Mathematics.Paul Rusnock (ed.) - 2000 - Rodopi.
    Contents: Acknowledgements. Conventions. Preface. Biographical sketch. 1 Introduction. 2 The Contributions. 3 Early work in analysis. 4 The Theory of Science . 5. Later mathematical studies. A On Kantian Intuitions. B The Bolzano-Cauchy Theorem.
  26. Bolzano's Legacy.Dagfin Føllesdal - 1997 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 53:1-11.
    Bernard Bolzano (1781-1848) was an original and independent thinker, who left a lasting legacy in several areas of philosophy. Four such areas are singled for special attention: political philosophy, ethics and theology, logics and semantics, and mathematics. In all these areas he was far ahead of his time. He had pioneering ideas in political philosophy and in ethics and philosophy of religion, and he argued for them in a brilliantly clear way. In logic and semantics he anticipated Frege, Carnap and (...)
  27. Categories of the Temporal: An Inquiry Into the Forms of the Finite Understanding.Sebastian Rödl - 2012 - Harvard University Press.
    The publication of Frege’s Begriffsschrift in 1879 forever altered the landscape for many Western philosophers. Here, Sebastian Rödl traces how the Fregean influence, written all over the development and present state of analytic philosophy, led into an unholy alliance of an empiricist conception of sensibility with an inferentialist conception of thought. -/- According to Rödl, Wittgenstein responded to the implosion of Frege’s principle that the nature of thought consists in its inferential order, but his Philosophical Investigations shied away from offering (...)
  28. The Traditional Conception of the a Priori.Masashi Kasaki & C. Jenkins - 2015 - Synthese 192 (9):2725-2746.
    In this paper, we explore the traditional conception of a prioricity as epistemic independence of evidence from sense experience. We investigate the fortunes of the traditional conception in the light of recent challenges by Timothy Williamson. We contend that Williamson’s arguments can be resisted in various ways. En route, we argue that Williamson’s views are not as distant from tradition as they might seem at first glance.
  29. I. KANT Logik-Vorlesungen: Unveroffentliche Nachschriften.R. Pozzo - 1999 - History and Philosophy of Logic 20 (2):133-133.
  30. Bolzano's Legacy Bernard Bolzano (1781-1848) Was an Original and Independent Thinker, Who Left a Lasting Legacy in Several Areas of Philosophy. [REVIEW]D. Foellesdal - forthcoming - Grazer Philosophische Studien.
  31. Philosophy of Mathematics : Bolzano's Responses to Kant and Lagrange / La Philosophie des Mathématiques : Les Réponses de Bolzano À Kant Et Lagrange.Paul Rusnock - 1999 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 52 (3):399-428.
  32. On the Akademie Edition of the New Logic Writings From the Previously Unpublished Works of Kant.T. Pinder - 2000 - Kant-Studien 91:172-177.
  33. Immanuel Kant, Lectures on Logic Reviewed By.Robert A. Holland - 1993 - Philosophy in Review 13 (5):239-241.
  34. Kant e la logica formale.Francesco Barone - 1956 - Filosofia 7 (4):697-750.
  35. Robert Hanna, Rationality and Logic Reviewed By.Manuel Bremer - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (4):264-266.
  36. Dialectic, Probability and Verisimilitude in Kant's Logic.Mirella Capozzi - 2001 - In V. Fano, M. Stanzione & G. Tarozzi (eds.), Prospettive Della Logica E Della Filosofia Della Scienza. Rubettino. pp. 31.
  37. The Relation of Logic and Intuition in Kant's Philosophy of Science, Particularly Geometry.Ulrich Majer - 2006 - In Emily Carson & Renate Huber (eds.), Intuition and the Axiomatic Method. Springer. pp. 47--66.
  38. Tra Illuminismo e critica della ragione: il significato filosofico del corpus logico di Kant.Norbert Hinske - 1994 - Rivista di Filosofia 85 (2):163-183.
  39. Robert Hartman and Wolfgang Schwarz (Eds.), Kant's Logic. [REVIEW]T. E. Wilkerson - 1975 - Philosophical Quarterly 25 (99):164.
  40. Bolzano sur les nombres.Peter Simons - 2003 - Philosophiques 30 (1):127-135.
    Dans cet article, l’auteur présente la théorie bolzanienne du nombre. Il établit, sur la base d’une comparaison avec Frege, que la conception bolzanienne rencontre toutes les exigences d’une telle théorie tout en présentant plusieurs traits originaux, comme par exemple le fait qu’elle s’articule sur la base d’une théorie des « collections » , qui lui confèrent un intérêt philosophique certain. Tout en indiquant au passage un problème inhérent à la notion bolzanienne de Reihe, l’auteur présente la conception bolzanienne des nombres (...)
  41. Kant's Transcendental Logic.H. E. Matthews - 1970 - Philosophical Books 11 (2):28-29.
  42. Kant, Rabe e la logica aristotelica.Marco Sgarbi - 2009 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia (2):289-313.
    Kant, Rabe e la logica aristotelica - This article shows the influence of the Aristotelian Paul Rabe on Immanuel Kant’s philosophy. In the first part, I reconstruct the status quaestions regarding Rabe in Aristotelian studies and in Kantforschung. The second part looks at Rabe’s life and works. It is demonstrated in the third part that Kant’s definition of dialectic as Logik des Scheins comes from Rabe’s definition of dialectic as logica ex apparentibus. The fourth part shows the Aristotelian origin of (...)
  43. Kant et la raison comme fonctionnalité logique.Bruno Haas - 2004 - Archives de Philosophie 3:379-398.
  44. Review: Lewis White Beck, Can Kant's Synthetic Judgements Be Made Analytic? [REVIEW]Anthony Anderson - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (1):167-168.
  45. A Note on Kant's Formal Logic.Pedro Santos - 2012 - Manuscrito 35 (1):99-113.
  46. The Aim of Russell's Early Logicism: A Reinterpretation.Anders Kraal - 2014 - Synthese 191 (7):1-18.
    I argue that three main interpretations of the aim of Russell’s early logicism in The Principles of Mathematics (1903) are mistaken, and propose a new interpretation. According to this new interpretation, the aim of Russell’s logicism is to show, in opposition to Kant, that mathematical propositions have a certain sort of complete generality which entails that their truth is independent of space and time. I argue that on this interpretation two often-heard objections to Russell’s logicism, deriving from Gödel’s incompleteness theorem (...)
  47. Two Concepts of Apriority.Marcin Poręba - 2013 - Dialogue and Universalism 23 (2):43-53.
    The paper considers two—in author’s belief fundamental—approaches to apriority, which he proposes to call “absolute” and “relative.” The first was most fully expressed by Immanuel Kant, the second by Ludwig Wittgenstein. In author’s opinion, both derive from empiricist philosophy in its modern form. The concept of experience which is characteristic of modern empiricism forces acceptance of certain experienceindependent (a priori) assumptions, thanks to which only experience can provide information about objects. Depending on whether we regard these assumptions as independent of (...)
  48. Kant I Husserl a Problem Materialnego a Priori.Piotr Łaciak - 2005 - Nowa Krytyka 18.
  49. The Philosophy of Logic.Penelope Maddy - 2012 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 18 (4):481-504.
    This talk surveys a range of positions on the fundamental metaphysical and epistemological questions about elementary logic, for example, as a starting point: what is the subject matter of logic—what makes its truths true? how do we come to know the truths of logic? A taxonomy is approached by beginning from well-known schools of thought in the philosophy of mathematics—Logicism, Intuitionism, Formalism, Realism—and sketching roughly corresponding views in the philosophy of logic. Kant, Mill, Frege, Wittgenstein, Carnap, Ayer, Quine, and Putnam (...)
  50. "Kants Logik: Eine Interpretation Auf der Grundlage von Vorlesungen, Veröffentlichten Werken Und Nachlass," by Rainer Stuhlmann-Laeisz. [REVIEW]James Collins - 1977 - Modern Schoolman 54 (3):311-312.
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