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Summary Kant's Antinomy of Pure Reason is the heart of the Transcendental Dialectic of the Critique of Pure Reason. There, he demonstrates that claims to cognize the duration of the world in time and the extent of its divisibility in space lead to contradictions that are insoluble so long as the metaphysician does not adopt the perspective of transcendental idealism. Kant also takes himself to demonstrate that transcendental freedom is not inconsistent with the claim that events in space and time are causally determined.
Key works Influential treatments (in English) of the individual antinomies can be found in Bennett 1974, Guyer 1987Watkins 2004, while Grier 2001 and Allison 2004 present Kant's Antinomy chapter in the context of the general account of error and illusion in the DIalectic.
Introductions In addition to the above key works, ʻAẓm 1972 attempts to trace Kant's arguments in the individual antinomies to issues arising in the course of the Leibniz-Clarke correspondence. The individual antinomies (particularly the third) have also been the subject of extensive discussion in their own right, with a helpful overview (as well as some broader context) provided in Wood 2010.
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  1. Absolute Space and Kant's First Antinomy of Pure Reason.S. J. Al-Azm - 1968 - Kant-Studien 59 (1-4):151-164.
  2. Corporeal Substances and Physical Monads in Kant and Leibniz.Gary Banham - manuscript
  3. The Drama of Reason: Hume's Dialogue Concerning Natural Religion and the Antinomies of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.Conor Barry - 2010 - Analecta Hermeneutica 2 (2).
  4. Phonons--The Quantization of Sound (And Kant's Second Antinomy.C. W. Berenda - 1968 - Philosophy of Science 35 (2):179 - 184.
    The recent extension of quantum theory to sound waves in solids is briefly outlined and then discussed from a specific philosophic (Kantian) perspective.
  5. Phonons--The Quantization of Sound (and Kant's Second Antinomy).C. W. Berenda - 1968 - Philosophy of Science 35 (2):179-184.
  6. On the Cosmological Indeterminacy Principle of Mccrae.Carlton W. Berenda - 1964 - Philosophy of Science 31 (3):265-270.
    A recent proposal by Dr. W. H. McCrae, cosmologist and mathematician, to the effect that decisions between such cosmogonies as those of Hoyle and of Gamow are experimentally impossible by virtue of a general cosmological indeterminacy principle, is here examined and elaborated upon. Some comments on the "antinomies" in Kant's "Critique of Pure Reason" are made in reference to this principle as well as to the Heisenberg indeterminacy principle. If McCrae's principle is accepted, we will have moved a long way (...)
  7. The First Antinomy and Spinoza.Omri Boehm - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (4):683 - 710.
    Scholars commonly assume that Kant never seriously engaged with Spinoza or Spinozism. However, in his later writings Kant argues several times that Spinozism is the most consistent form of transcendental realism. In the first part of the paper, I argue that the first Antinomy, debating the age and size of the world, already reflects Kant's confrontation with Spinozist metaphysics. Specifically, the position articulated in the Antithesis ? according to which the world is infinite and uncreated ? is Spinozist, not Leibnizian, (...)
  8. Kant's Mathematical Antinomies: The Presidential Address.C. D. Broad - 1954 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 55:1 - 22.
  9. Kant's Mathematical Antinomies.Charlie Dunbar Broad - 1955 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 40:1--22.
  10. Kant's Antinomies and Their Solution.Paul Carus - 1915 - The Monist 25 (4):627-632.
  11. Sensibilism, Psychologism, and Kant's Debt to Hume.Brian A. Chance - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (3):325-349.
    Hume’s account of causation is often regarded a challenge Kant must overcome if the Critical philosophy is to be successful. But from Kant’s time to the present, Hume’s denial of our ability to cognize supersensible objects, a denial that relies heavily on his account of causation, has also been regarded as a forerunner to Kant’s critique of metaphysics. After identifying reasons for rejecting Wayne Waxman’s recent account of Kant’s debt to Hume, I present my own, more modest account of this (...)
  12. The First Antinomy of Kant.Charles W. Cobb - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (25):688-690.
  13. "Kant's Theory of Form: An Essay on the Critique of Pure Reason," by Robert B. Pippin; "Kant's Antinomies of Reason: Their Origin and Their Resolution," by Victoria S. Wike. [REVIEW]James Collins - 1984 - Modern Schoolman 61 (3):204-205.
  14. Two Treatises of Government. By John Locke. Ed. Peter Laslett. [REVIEW]James Collins - 1968 - Modern Schoolman 46 (1):89-89.
  15. Kant's Antinomies.Vincent M. Cooke - 1985 - International Philosophical Quarterly 25 (2):219-221.
  16. Le Rationalisme Kantien Et la Cosmologie Vitaliste.Francis Courtès - 1972 - J. Vrin.
  17. Kant's First Antinomy and the Beginning of the Universe.William Lane Craig - 1979 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 33 (4):553 - 567.
  18. Eugen Fink et Emmanuel Kant: La place de la philosophie dans la cosmologie.Francois Dion - 2003 - Kairos 22:83-98.
  19. 'Ludewig' Molina and Kant's Libertarian Compatibilism.Wolfgang Ertl - 2014 - In Matthias Kaufmann & Alexander Aichele (eds.), A Companion to Luis de Molina. Brill. pp. 405-445.
    Elaborating on the substantial parallels between Molina’s and Kant’s attempts to reconcile human freedom with divine foreknowledge and natural causal determinism respectively, my aim is to establish a proper historical connection as well. Leibniz is shown to be the crucial mediator in two respects: (i) Kant knew Molina’s account of divine knowledge in general in its Leibnizian version through Baumgarten’s Metaphysica. In this work, scientia media plays no role in the explication as to how God knows absolute future contingents. (ii) (...)
  20. Hume's Antinomy and Kant's Critical Turn.Wolfgang Ertl - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (4):617-640.
    The aim of this paper is to confirm that it was Hamann's translation of Hume's "Treatise" (I.4.7) which triggered Kant's critical turn in 1768/69. If this is indeed so, then Kant's inaugural dissertation must be reassessed, in particular the doctrine, to be found there, that we have cognitive access to the intelligible world. This doctrine is part of a strategy for tackling the problem highlighted by Hume; that there may be conflicting principles at work in the human mind, i.e., an (...)
  21. David Hume und die Dissertation von 1770.Wolfgang Ertl - 1999 - Peter Lang.
    I pursue a suggestion by Kreimendahl according to which it was Hamann's translation of Section I.4.7 of Hume's "Treatise" which triggered Kant's critical turn in 1768/69. In the section Hume put forward the idea that the principles at work in the human mind might be radically at odds with each other, i.e., that there might be an "antinomy" in the original meaning of the word. My claims are (i) that in his dissertation Kant attempted to solve the problem of antinomy (...)
  22. Kant Et l'Équivoque du Monde.Michaël Foessel - 2007 - Cnrs.
  23. Kant on the Relation Between the Cosmological and Ontological Arguments.J. William Forgie - 1993 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 34 (1):1 - 12.
  24. Les antinomies cosmologiques de Kant.Leo Freuler - 1992 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 124 (1):19-39.
  25. Kant's First Antinomy: A Logical Analysis.Milton Fried - 1940 - Mind 49 (194):204-218.
  26. Metaphysics: A Critical Translation with Kant's Elucidations, Selected Notes, and Related Materials.Courtney Fugate, John Hymers & Alexander Baumgarten - 2013 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    Available for the first time in English, this critical translation draws from the original seven Latin editions and Georg Friedrich Meier's 18th-century German translation. Together with a historical and philosophical introduction, extensive glossaries and notes, the text is supported by translations of Kant's elucidations and notes, Eberhard's insertions in the 1783 German edition and texts from the writings of Meier and Wolff. For scholars of Kant, the German Enlightenment and the history of metaphysics, Alexander Baumgarten's Metaphysics is an essential, authoritative (...)
  27. La Théorie Des Antinomies Dans la Critique de Kant Par Hegel.Gerhard Funke - forthcoming - Les Etudes Philosophiques.
  28. The Concept of World From Kant to Derrida.Sean Gaston - 2013 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
  29. From a Mereotopological Point of View.Alexander Gebharter & Alexander Mirnig - 2010 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 23 (1):78-90.
    In his Critique of Pure Reason Immanuel Kant presents four antinomies. In his attempt to solve the first of these antinomies he examines and analyzes thesis and antithesis more thoroughly and employs the terms `part', `whole' and `boundary' in his argumentation for their validity. According to Kant, the whole problem surrounding the antinomy was caused by applying the concept of the world to nature and then using both terms interchangeably. While interesting, this solution is still not that much more than (...)
  30. Kant's Antinomies of Reason.A. C. Genova - 1986 - International Studies in Philosophy 18 (3):111-112.
  31. The Origins of Kant's Arguments in the Antinomies.J. L. Gorman - 1988 - Philosophical Books 29 (4):202-204.
  32. Challenges to German Idealism: Schelling, Fichte, and Kant.Kyriaki Goudeli - 2002 - Palgrave.
    This book offers an important reappraisal of Schelling's philosophy and his relationship to German Idealism. Focusing on Schelling's self-critique in early identity philosophy the author rejects those criticisms of Schelling made by both Hegel and Heidegger. This work significantly redraws the boundaries of metaphysical thinking, arguing for a dialogue between rational philosophy, mythology and cosmology.
  33. Kant's First Antinomy.M. S. Gram - 1967 - The Monist 51 (4):499-518.
  34. Kant's Third Antinomy.John D. Greenwood - 1990 - International Philosophical Quarterly 30 (1):43-57.
  35. Kant's Doctrine of Transcendental Illusion.Michelle Grier - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    This major study of Kant provides a detailed examination of the development and function of the doctrine of transcendental illusion in his theoretical philosophy. The author shows that a theory of 'illusion' plays a central role in Kant's arguments about metaphysical speculation and scientific theory. Indeed, she argues that we cannot understand Kant unless we take seriously his claim that the mind inevitably acts in accordance with ideas and principles that are 'illusory'. Taking this claim seriously, we can make much (...)
  36. Illusion and Fallacy in Kant's First Paralogism.Michelle Grier - 1993 - Kant-Studien 84 (3):257-282.
  37. Die Reaktion der spekulativen Weltweisheit: Kant und die Kritik an den einfachen Substanzen.Andree Hahmann - 2009 - Kant-Studien 100 (4):454-475.
    In the second half of the 18th century the voices criticizing the concept of simple substances as proposed by Leibniz and Wolff became increasingly louder. In response, Kant altered his theory of substances as first proposed in the 1750s. So for example, while his notion of substance in the Monadologia physica is simple and not merely in space, but fills space entirely, the Kantian position in the 1760s and early 1770s is quite different. This essay examines the solution Kant offers (...)
  38. Kant's Third Antinomy and His Fallacy Regarding the First Cause.W. T. Harris - 1894 - Philosophical Review 3 (1):1-13.
  39. Zum kosmotheologischen ursprung der kantischen freiheitsantinomie.Heinz Heimsoeth - 1966 - Kant-Studien 57 (1-4):206-229.
  40. Vernunftantinomie und transzendentale dialektik in der geschichtlichen situation Des kantischen lebenswerkes.Heinz Heimsoeth - 1959 - Kant-Studien 51 (1-4):131-141.
  41. Kants Begriff der Antithetik und seine Herkunft aus der protestantischen Kontroverstheologie des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts.Norbert Hinske - 1972 - Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte 16:48-59.
  42. An Interpretation of Kant's Solution to the Third Antinomy.W. Michael Hoffman - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (2):173-185.
  43. Kant's Second Antinomy and Hume's Theory of Extensionless Indivisibles.Dale Jacquette - 1993 - Kant-Studien 84 (1):38-50.
  44. A Freewheeling Defense of Kant's Resolution of the Third Antimony.Todd D. Janke - 2008 - Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):110-122.
    In the Critique of Pure Reason, in a chapter of the Transcendental Dialectic entitled “The Antinomy of Pure Reason,” Kant addresses the question whether a thoroughgoing mechanistic determinism is reconcilable with the ascription of free agency to human beings. In the third antinomy, reason is shown to be divided against itself insofar as both of two competing, and seemingly irreconcilable claims, can be justified on independent grounds; on the one hand, the claim that everything in nature proceeds according to the (...)
  45. Idealism Against Realism in Kant's Third Antinomy.Martin G. Kalin - 1978 - Kant-Studien 69 (1-4):160-169.
  46. Maimonides on Creation, Kant's First Antinomy, and Hermann Cohen.Mark A. Kaplowitz - 2012 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 20 (2):147-171.
    This paper describes a “double move“ made by Maimonides, Kant, and Hermann Cohen when they simultaneously dismiss and resolve the cosmological problem of the origin of the universe in time in order to represent creation as a moral issue. Maimonides claims to lack a compelling metaphysical argument regarding creation. However, a reading of Maimonides inspired by the views of Hermann Cohen finds him to be a Platonist who accepts creation from absolute privation so as to establish a moral world in (...)
  47. Transcendental and Practical Freedom in the Critique of Pure Reason.Markus Kohl - 2014 - Kant-Studien 105 (3).
    To many readers, it has seemed that Kant's discussion of the relation between practical and transcendental freedom in the Transcendental Dialectic is inconsistent with his discussion of the same relation in the Canon of Pure Reason. In this paper I argue for a novel way of preserving the consistency of Kant's view: in both the Dialectic and the Canon, 'transcendental freedom' requires the absence of determination by all natural causes, whereas 'practical freedom' requires the absence of determination by, specifically, sensuous (...)
  48. On the Antinomies and the Appendix to the Dialectic in Kant's Critique and Philosophy of Science.Peter Krausser - 1988 - Synthese 77 (3):375 - 401.
  49. Freedom, Spontaneity and the Noumenal Perspective.Chong-Fuk Lau - 2008 - Kant-Studien 99 (3):312-338.
    For Kant, both morality and the possibility of objective knowledge presuppose freedom. His theory of freedom is based on the distinction between phenomena and noumena, concepts which represent two different ways of viewing things. The question, however, is whether it is justified to take the noumenal perspective in addition to the phenomenal one. Isn’t freedom an illusion, if we regard ourselves as free, while in fact we are not? The crux of the problem lies in recognizing that there is no (...)
  50. Kant's Second Antinomy, Leibniz, and Whitehead.Ivor Leclerc - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):25 - 41.
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