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  1. added 2019-02-16
    Kant's Justification of Ethics.Owen Ware - forthcoming - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  2. added 2018-12-31
    Kant’s Critique of Religion: Epistemic Sources of Secularism.Sorin Baiasu - 2017 - Diametros 54:7-29.
    The secular interpretation of Kant is widespread and Kant is viewed as the most prestigious founding father of liberal secularism. At the same time, however, commentators note that Kant’s position on secularism is in fact much more complex, and some go as far as to talk about an ambiguous secularism in his work. This paper defends a refined version of the secular interpretation. According to this refined version, Kant can offer a limited, political secularism on the basis of a simple (...)
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  3. added 2018-12-31
    Kant’s Model for Building the True Church: Transcending “Might Makes Right” and “Should Makes Good” Through the Idea of a Non-Coercive Theocracy.Stephen Palmquist - 2017 - Diametros 54:76-94.
    Kant’s Religion postulates the idea of an ethical community as a necessary requirement for humanity to become good. Few interpreters acknowledge Kant’s claims that realizing this idea requires building a “church” characterized by unity, integrity, freedom, and unchangeability, and that this new form of community is a non-coercive version of theocracy. Traditional theocracy replaces the political state of nature with an ethical state of nature ; non-coercive theocracy transcends this distinction, uniting humanity in a common vision of a divine legislator (...)
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  4. added 2018-12-31
    Public Religion & Secular State: A Kantian Approach.Mehmet Ruhi Demiray - 2017 - Diametros 54:30-55.
    This paper argues that Kant’s distinction between “civil union” and “ethical community” can be of great value in dealing with a problem that causes considerable trouble in contemporary political and social philosophy, namely the question of the normative significance and role of religion in political and social life. The first part dwells upon the third part of Kant`s Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason with the intention of exposing the general features of ethical community. It highlights the fact that (...)
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  5. added 2018-09-28
    Review: Anderson-Gold & Muchnik (Eds), Kant's Anatomy of Evil. [REVIEW]Paul Formosa - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (2):150-56.
  6. added 2018-06-01
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform.Laura Papish - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Throughout his writings, and particularly in Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, Kant alludes to the idea that evil is connected to self-deceit, and while numerous commentators regard this as a highly attractive thesis, none have seriously explored it. Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform addresses this crucial element of Kant's ethical theory. -/- Working with both Kant's core texts on ethics and materials less often cited within scholarship on Kant's practical philosophy (such as Kant's logic lectures), Papish (...)
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  7. added 2018-02-18
    Noble in Reason, Infinite in Faculty: Themes and Variations in Kant's Moral and Religious Philosophy.A. W. Moore - 2003 - Routledge.
    In this bold and innovative new work, Adrian Moore poses the question of whether it is possible for ethical thinking to be grounded in pure reason. In order to understand and answer this question, he takes a refreshing and challenging look at Kant’s moral and religious philosophy. Identifying three Kantian Themes – morality, freedom and religion – and presenting variations on each of these themes in turn, Moore concedes that there are difficulties with the Kantian view that morality can be (...)
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  8. added 2018-02-17
    Grace and the New Man.Joshua Schulz - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):439 - 446.
    Kant’s discussion of radical evil and moral regeneration in Religion Within the Bounds of Reason Alone raises numerous moral and metaphysical problems.If the ground of one’s disposition does not lie in time, as Kant argues, how can it be reformed, as the moral law commands? If divine aid is necessary for thisimpossible reformation, how does this not destroy a person’s moral personality by bypassing her freedom? This paper argues that these problems can be resolved by showing how Kant can conceive (...)
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  9. added 2018-02-17
    Freedom and Religion in Kant and His Immediate Successors: The Vocation of Humankind, 1774–1800.George di Giovanni - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    The theologians of the late German Enlightenment saw in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason a new rational defence of their Christian faith. In fact, Kant's critical theory of meaning and moral law totally subverted the spirit of that faith. This challenging new study examines the contribution made by the Critique of Pure Reason to this change of meaning. George di Giovanni stresses the revolutionary character of Kant's critical thought but also reveals how this thought was being held hostage to unwarranted (...)
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  10. added 2018-02-17
    Kant's Moral Religion.Allen W. Wood - 1970 - Ithaca: Wiley-Blackwell.
    In Kant's Moral Religion, Allen W. Wood argues that Kant's doctrine of religious belief is consistent with his best critical thinking and, in fact, that the ...
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  11. added 2017-08-28
    Can Kant's Theory of Radical Evil Be Saved?Zachary J. Goldberg - 2017 - Kantian Review 22 (3):395-419.
    In this article, I assess three contemporary criticisms levelled at Kant’s theory of evil in order to evaluate whether his theory can be saved. Critics argue that Kant does not adequately distinguish between evil and mundane wrongdoing, making his use of the term ‘evil’ emotional hyperbole; by defining evil as the subordination of the moral law to self-love his analysis is seemingly overly simplistic and empirically false; and by focusing solely on the moral character of the perpetrator of evil, Kant’s (...)
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  12. added 2017-07-01
    Das Leben der Form: Praktische Vernunft nach Kant und Hegel.Thomas Khurana - 2017 - In Maria Muhle & Christiane Voss (eds.), Black Box Leben. Berlin: August. pp. 107–137.
    The paper investigates the Kantian idea that a rational life is a life of “mere form”—a life in which a “mere form” is the force or spring of action. I start by developing Kant’s practical notion of life—the capacity to be the cause of what one represents. In a second step, I investigate the way in which Kant characterizes a rational life—the capacity to act in accordance with the representation of laws and to determine ourselves by the mere form of (...)
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  13. added 2016-12-08
    Kant, Religion, and Politics.James DiCenso - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers a systematic examination of the place of religion within Kant's major writings. Kant is often thought to be highly reductionistic with regard to religion - as though religion simply provides the unsophisticated with colourful representations of moral lessons that reason alone could grasp. James DiCenso's rich and innovative discussion shows how Kant's theory of religion in fact emerges directly from his epistemology, ethics and political theory, and how it serves his larger political and ethical projects of restructuring (...)
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  14. added 2016-12-08
    Kant's Conception of the Highest Good, the Gesinnung, and the Theory of Radical Evil.Matthew Caswell - 2006 - Kant-Studien 97 (2):184-209.
    Early in the Preface to Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone, Kant claims that “morality leads ineluctably to religion”. This thesis is hardly an innovation of the Religion. Again and again throughout the critical corpus, Kant argues that religious belief is ethically significant, that it makes a morally meaningful difference whether an agent believes or disbelieves. And yet these claims are surely among the most doubted of Kant's positions – and they are often especially doubted by readers who consider (...)
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  15. added 2016-12-05
    Kant: Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason: A Commentary.James J. DiCenso - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant's Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is one of the great modern examinations of religion's meaning, function and impact on human affairs. In this volume, the first complete English-language commentary on the work, James J. DiCenso explains the historical context in which the book appeared, including the importance of Kant's conflict with state censorship. He shows how the Religion addresses crucial Kantian themes such as the relationship between freedom and morality, the human propensity to evil, the status of (...)
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  16. added 2016-01-21
    An Unfamiliar and Positive Law: On Kant and Schiller.Reed Winegar - 2013 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 95 (3):275-297.
    A familiar post-Kantian criticism contends that Kant enslaves sensibility under the yoke of practical reason. Friedrich Schiller advanced a version of this criticism to which Kant publicly responded. Recent commentators have emphasized the role that Kant’s reply assigns to the pleasure that accompanies successful moral action. In contrast, I argue that Kant’s reply relies primarily on the sublime feeling that arises when we merely contemplate the moral law. In fact, the pleasures emphasized by other recent commentators depend on this sublime (...)
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  17. added 2015-09-17
    Reconsidering RGV, AA 06: 26n and the Meaning of ‘Humanity’.Samuel Kahn - 2013 - In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 307-316.
    At 6:26n Kant famously (or infamously) claims that humanity and personality are not necessarily coextensional. This claim has been characterized in the secondary literature as Kant's worst mistake and as an unnecessary repudiation of his earlier (and more plausible) ethical thought. I argue that this characterization of 6:26n rests on a misinterpretation of the term `humanity'. I try to show that Kant's claim at 6:26n not only is not problematic; it constitutes a powerful reminder of the kind of epistemic modesty (...)
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  18. added 2015-08-31
    Kant: Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason: And Other Writings.Allen W. Wood & George Di Giovanni (eds.) - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is a key element of the system of philosophy which Kant introduced with his Critique of Pure Reason, and a work of major importance in the history of Western religious thought. It represents a great philosopher's attempt to spell out the form and content of a type of religion that would be grounded in moral reason and would meet the needs of ethical life. It includes sharply critical and boldly constructive discussions on topics (...)
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  19. added 2015-08-07
    Review: Pasternack, Lawrence, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kant on Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason[REVIEW]Robert Gressis - 2015 - Kantian Review 20 (2):341-345.
    Book Reviews Robert Gressis, Kantian Review, FirstView Article.
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  20. added 2015-07-14
    Perversity of the Heart.David Sussman - 2005 - Philosophical Review 114 (2):153-177.
  21. added 2015-03-24
    Immanuel Kant: Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason and Other Writings, Translated and Edited by Allen Wood.Georg Geismann - 2001 - Kant-Studien 92:368-370.
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  22. added 2014-07-09
    Moral Feeling and Moral Conversion in Kant's "Religion".Laura Papish - 2013 - Idealistic Studies 43 (1-2):11 - 26.
    Kant’s account of moral feeling is continually disputed in the secondary literature. My goal is to focus on the Religion and make sense of moral feeling as it appears in this context. I argue that we can best understand moral feeling if we note its place in Kant’s concerns about the possibility of moral conversion. As Kant notes, if the new, morally upright man is of a different character than the man he used to be, then it remains unclear how (...)
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  23. added 2014-07-09
    Kant's Theory of Evil: An Essay on the Dangers of Self-Love and the Aprioricity of History.Pablo Muchnik - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    An Essay on Kant’s Theory of Evil shows the centrality of the doctrine of radical evil within Kant's critical philosophy. Combining textual accuracy with systematic ethical theory, it fills the gaps Kant left open in his own doctrine, and provides a non-mystifying account of human immorality, which shows the pertinence of the Kantian view to our moral concerns.
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  24. added 2014-07-08
    Review: Michalson (Ed.), Kant’s Religious Constructivism.Pablo Muchnik (ed.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    This paper suggests a general interpretative strategy for reading Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason namely, as an attempt to find a middle ground between what Kant considers two forms of excess: the appeal to a transcendent conception of God and the denial of any claim that presupposes God’s existence. To make my case, I use the example of two contemporary thinkers (Wolterstorff and Rorty) and trace their dispute to the antinomic character of “religious reason.” Putting things this way (...)
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  25. added 2014-07-08
    Review: DiCenso, Kant's Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason: A Commentary[REVIEW]Pablo Muchnik - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (2):151-155.
  26. added 2014-06-22
    Ethics and Religion: Two Kantian Arguments.John Hare - 2011 - Philosophical Investigations 34 (2):151-168.
    This paper describes and defends two arguments connecting ethics and religion that Kant makes in Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. The first argument is that the moral demand is too high for us in our natural capacities, and God's assistance is required to bridge the resulting moral gap. The second argument is that because humans desire to be happy as well as to be morally good, morality will be rationally unstable without belief in a God who can bring (...)
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  27. added 2014-06-13
    A Response to Critics of In Defense of Kant's Religion.Chris L. Firestone - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (2):193-209.
    This essay replies to four critics of In Defense of Kant’s Religion (IDKR). In reply to Gordon E. Michalson, Jr., I argue that the best pathway for understanding Kant’s Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason (Religion) is to conduct close textual analysis rather than giving up the art of interpretation or allowing meta-considerations surrounding Kant’s personal and political circumstances to govern one’s interpretation. In response to George di Giovanni, I contend that his critique is dismissive of theologically robust readings (...)
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  28. added 2014-06-09
    The Devil, The Virgin, and the Envoy: Symbols of Moral Struggle in Religion II.2.Andrew Chignell - 2010 - In Otfried Hoeffe (ed.), Klassiker Auslegen: Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der blossen. Akademie Verlag.
    Part of a group commentary on Kant's Religion book. -/- .
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  29. added 2014-06-08
    Cross-Examination of In Defense of Kant's Religion.Stephen R. Palmquist - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (2):170-180.
    This article extends the metaphorical trial posed by the authors of In Defense of Kant’s Religion by cross-examining them with two challenges. The first challenge is for the authors to clarify their claim that they are the first interpreters to present “a holistic and linear interpretation” of Kant’s Religion that portrays it as containing a “transcendental analysis” of religious concepts, given that several of the past interpreters whose works they survey in Part 1 conduct a similar type of analysis. The (...)
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  30. added 2014-06-06
    On the Very Idea of a Propensity to Evil.Henry E. Allison - 2002 - Journal of Value Inquiry 36 (2-3):337-348.
  31. added 2014-04-27
    Hypostasis and Fetishmaking. Kant’s Concepts and Their Transformations.Nathan Rotenstreich - 1980 - Kant-Studien 71 (1-4):60-77.
  32. added 2014-04-03
    Review: Fichte, Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation. [REVIEW]David James - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (2):315-317.
  33. added 2014-04-03
    Review: Rossi & Wreen (Eds.), Kant's Philosophy of Religion Reconsidered. [REVIEW]John Hare - 1994 - Faith and Philosophy 11 (1):138-144.
  34. added 2014-04-02
    The Implied Standpoint of Kant's Religion_: An Assessment of Kant's Reply to an Early Book Review of _Religion Within the Bounds of Bare Reason[REVIEW]Stephen R. Palmquist & Otterman - 2013 - Kantian Review 18 (1):73-97.
    In the second edition Preface of Religion Within the Bounds of Bare Reason Kant responds to an anonymous review of the first edition. We present the first English translation of this obscure book review. Following our translation, we summarize the reviewer's main points and evaluate the adequacy of Kant's replies to five criticisms, including two replies that Kant provides in footnotes added in the second edition. A key issue is the reviewer's claim that Religion adopts an implied standpoint, described using (...)
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  35. added 2014-04-01
    How to Read Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone.Adina Davidovich - 1994 - Kant-Studien 85 (1):1-14.
  36. added 2014-03-31
    Does Kant Reduce Religion to Morality?Stephen Palmquist - 1992 - Kant-Studien 83 (2):129-148.
  37. added 2014-03-30
    Hume and Kant on Knowing the Deity.Beryl Logan - 1998 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 43 (3):133-148.
  38. added 2014-03-30
    The Problem of Salvation in Kant's Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone.Gordon E. Michalson - 1997 - International Philosophical Quarterly 37 (3):319-328.
  39. added 2014-03-30
    The Moral Gap: Kantian Ethics, Human Limits, and God's Assistance.John E. Hare - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    Is morality too difficult for human beings? Kant said that it was, except with God's assistance. Contemporary moral philosophers have usually discussed the question without reference to Christian doctrine, and have either diminished the moral demand, exaggerated human moral capacity, or tried to find a substitute in nature for God's assistance. This book looks at these philosophers--from Kant and Kierkegaard to Swinburne, Russell, and R.M. Hare--and the alternative in Christianity.
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  40. added 2014-03-26
    Religion, Ethical Community and the Struggle Against Evil.Allen W. Wood - 2000 - Faith and Philosophy 17 (4):498-511.
    This paper deals with the motivation behind Kant’s conception of “religion” as “the recognition of all our duties as divine commands”. It argues that in order to understand this motivation, we must grasp Kant’s conception of radical evil as social in origin, and the response to it as equally social - the creation of a voluntary, universal “ethical community”. Kant's historical model for this community is a religious community (especially the Christian church), though Kant regards traditional churches or religious communities (...)
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  41. added 2014-03-25
    Zur Vorgeschichte der Königlichen Kabinetsordre an Kant vom 1. Oktober 1794.Emil Fromm - 1899 - Kant-Studien 3 (1-3):142-147.
  42. added 2014-03-24
    Making Sense of Kant’s Highest Good.Jacqueline Mariña & West Lafayette - 2000 - Kant-Studien 91 (3):329-355.
    This paper explores Kant's concept of the highest good and the postulate of the existence of God arising from it. Kant has two concepts of the highest good standing in tension with one another, an immanent and a transcendent one. I provide a systematic exposition of the constituents of both variants and show how Kant’s arguments are prone to confusion through a conflation of both concepts. I argue that once these confusions are sorted out Kant’s claim regarding the need to (...)
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  43. added 2014-03-20
    Interpreting Kant's Theory of Divine Commands.Patrick Kain - 2005 - Kantian Review 9:128-149.
    Several interpretive disagreements about Kant's theory of divine commands (esp. in the work of Allen Wood and John E. Hare) can be resolved with further attention to Kant's works. It is argued that Kant's moral theism included (at least until 1797) the claim that practical reason, reflecting upon the absolute authority of the moral law, should lead finite rational beings like us to believe that there exists an omnipotent, omniscient and holy being who commands our obedience to the moral law (...)
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  44. added 2014-03-20
    The Missing Formal Proof of Humanity's Radical Evil in Kant's Religion.Seiriol Morgan - 2005 - Philosophical Review 114 (1):63-114.
  45. added 2014-03-19
    Review: Moore, Noble in Reason, Infinite in Faculty: Themes and Variation in Kant's Moral and Religious Philosophy[REVIEW]Andrew Chignell - 2006 - Philosophical Review 115 (1):118-121.
  46. added 2014-03-15
    Freedom and Religion in Kant and His Immediate Successors. By George di Giovanni.M. Ray - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (2):307–308.
  47. added 2014-03-14
    Kant's Quasi-Transcendental Argument for a Necessary and Universal Evil Propensity in Human Nature.Stephen Palmquist - 2008 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (2):261-297.
    In Part One of Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason, Kant repeatedly refers to a “proof ” that human nature has a necessary and universal “evil propensity,” but he provides only obscure hints at its location. Interpreters have failed to identify such an argument in Part One. After examining relevant passages, summarizing recent attempts to reconstruct the argument, and explaining why these do not meet Kant’s stated needs, I argue that the elusive proof must have atranscendental form (called quasi-transcendental (...)
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  48. added 2014-03-14
    On the Alleged Vacuity of Kant's Concept of Evil.Pablo F. Muchnik - 2006 - Kant-Studien 97 (4):430-451.
    In recent years, there has been a growing interest in Kant's doctrine of radical evil, arising from as diverse quarters as philosophy, psychoanalysis and the social sciences. This interest has contributed to the revival of the notion of evil, which had been displaced from the center of philosophical discussion in the 20th century. A common trait in the recent literature is that it takes the relevance of the use of the concept of evil for granted. Yet, before understanding what Kant (...)
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  49. added 2014-03-10
    Review: Firestone, Chris L., and Jacobs, Nathan, In Defense of Kant's Religion[REVIEW]Robert Gressis - 2009 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 66 (3):167-171.
  50. added 2014-03-09
    Kant's Religious Argument for the Existence of God.Stephen R. Palmquist - 2009 - Faith and Philosophy 26 (1):3-22.
    After reviewing Kant’s well-known criticisms of the traditional proofs of God’s existence and his preferred moral argument, this paper presents a detailed analysis of a densely-packed theistic argument in Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. Humanity’s ultimate moral destiny can be fulfilled only through organized religion, for only by participating in a religious community (or “church”) can we overcome the evil in human nature. Yet we cannot conceive how such a community can even be founded without presupposing God’s existence. (...)
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