About this topic
Summary Immanuel Kant's theoretical philosophy constitutes a philosophical system, a theory about the conditions for objective knowledge. Kant's approach to theoretical philosophy, in his pre-Critical and Critical works, is influenced heavily by his engagement with science, with mathematics, and with logic. Kant's views on these subjects have been widely influential, though they have been criticized widely as well. Appreciation of Kant's work in science, mathematics, and logic is philosophically productive at least two ways: (1) A contextual history of Kant's own work, emphasizing his responses to his predecessors and contemporaries, and (2) A systematic understanding of how the Kantian approach has been employed in these fields.
Key works One locus classicus for Kant's epistemological positions on reason, mathematics,  judgment, and objectivity is The Critique of Pure Reason. A recent translation and edition of Kant's work on science, including the Universal Natural History, can be found in Natural Science. Among the most significant of Kant's texts for his philosophy of science specifically are The Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science and Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics. This category also encompasses elements of Kant's theory of judgment, key texts for which include The Critique of Judgment and Lectures on Logic.
Introductions A general introduction to Kant's philosophy of science, with references to other texts, is found at Watkins & Stan 2014. A similar article for Kant's theory of judgment is Hanna 2008.
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Material to categorize
  1. Who Thought That Form in the Case of Angels, and That Form Plus a Certain Originating Quantity of Matter in the Case of Corporal Substances (Where 'Quantity of Matter'was Not Conceived of Haecceitistically) Was Sufficient for Individuation. See His On Being and Essence. 10 'Causal and Metaphysical Necessity,'. [REVIEW]Thomas Aquinas - 1998 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79:66.
  2. Euclidean Nostalgia.J. Grünfeld - 1983 - International Logic Review 27:41-50.
  3. The Psyche of Space and Intuition of Otherness.Wilson Harris - 1999 - Clr James Journal 7 (1):3-13.
  4. Non-Euclidean Geometry and Weierstrassian Mathematics.Thomas Hawkins - 1983 - In Joseph Warren Dauben & Virginia Staudt Sexton (eds.), History and Philosophy of Science: Selected Papers. New York Academy of Sciences.
  5. Epitome of the Synthetic Philosophy.No Authorship Indicated - 1895 - Psychological Review 2 (2):190-190.
  6. Reinvigorating Culture.Russell Kirk - 1994 - Humanitas 7 (1):27-42.
  7. L' « a Priori » Dans la Science.W. M. Kozlowski - 1906 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 62:400 - 411.
  8. The Analytic Logic of G. W. Leibniz and Chr. Wolff: A Problem in Kant Research.Winfried Lenders - 1971 - Synthese 23 (1):147 - 153.
  9. On Physiological, as Distinguished From Geometrical, Space.Ernst Mach - 1901 - The Monist 11 (3):321-338.
  10. History and Philosophy of Science: A Marriage of Convenience?Ernan McMullin - 1974 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1974:585 - 601.
  11. Geometry and Chronometry in Philosophical Perspective.Jacques Merleau-Ponty - 1970 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 160 (4):471 - 475.
  12. From Kantian-Reinen Vernunft to the Real Dark Energy Density of the Cosmos Via the Measure Concentration of Convex Geometry in Quasi Banach Spacetime.Mohamed S. El Naschie - 2015 - Open Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):123-130.
  13. How Euclidean Geometry has Misled Metaphysics.Graham Nerlich - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):169-189.
  14. The Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Law.David Simon Oderberg - unknown
  15. On Formal, Transcendental, and Dialectical Logic.N. Patrick Peritore - 1977 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 4 (3):217-238.
  16. [Critical Analysis of the Immunological Self/Non-Self Model and of its Implicit Metaphysical Foundations].Thomas Pradeu & Edgardo D. Carosella - 2004 - Comptes Rendus Biologies 327 (5):481--492.
  17. Jeremy J. Gray. János Bolyai, Non‐Euclidean Geometry, and the Nature of Space. Viii + 185 Pp., Illus., Table, Apps. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2004. $20. [REVIEW]Joan Richards - 2006 - Isis 97 (2):363-364.
  18. On the Metaphysical Foundations of Scientific Psychology.Charlene Haddock Seigfried - 1986 - In Michael H. DeArmey & Stephen Skousgaard (eds.), The Philosophical Psychology of William James. Center for Advanced Research in Phenomenology & University Press of America.
  19. Geometry and Chronometry in Philosophical Perspective.Lawrence Sklar & Adolf Grunbaum - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (4):506.
  20. The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science.H. R. Smart & Edwin Arthur Burtt - 1926 - Philosophical Review 35 (6):589.
  21. Geometry and Arithmetic Are Synthetic.Peter Suber - 2011 - .
  22. Is Visual Space Euclidean?Patrick Suppes - 1977 - Synthese 35 (4):397 - 421.
  23. The Ground State of XY Chains with Nearest and Next-Nearest Neighbour Interactions.Marshall Thomsen - 2012 - Philosophical Magazine 92 (1-3):160-167.
  24. La Résolution des Problèmes de Descartes À Kant l'Analyse À l''ge de la Révolution Scientifique.B. Timmermans - 1995 - Presses Universitaires de France.
  25. The Logic of Positive Terms and the Transcendental Notion of Being.D. M. Tulloch - 1957 - Mind 66 (263):351-362.
  26. La Géométrie Et le Problème de L'Espace.J. H. Tummers - 1962 - Dialectica 16 (1):56-60.
    RésuméDans cet article, l'auteur discute les principes qui ont guidé M. Gonseth dans ses recherches sur la géométrie et le problème de l'espace. M. Gonseth défend la thèse selon laquelle avant de tenter de résoudre le problème de la géométrie, on doit disposer des facultés d'intuition, de déduction et d'une connaissance expérimentale de l'espace.M. Tummers a publié trois brochures sur la géométrie: 1. De Opbouw der Meetkunde ; 2. De Meetkunde en de Ervaring ; 3. Wijsgerige Verantwoording van het Paralelenpostulaat (...)
  27. Métaphysische Anfangsgründe der Mechanik.Wilhelm K. Essler – Joachim Labude – Stefanie Ucsnay - 1999 - Dialectica 53 (3-4):307–344.
Kant: Philosophy of Science
  1. Zur Lehre von der Wärme von Fr. Bacon bis Kant.Erich Adickes - 1922 - Kant-Studien 27 (1-2):328-368.
  2. Die bewegenden Kräfte in Kants philosophischer Entwicklung und die beiden Pole seines Systems. Zweiter Artikel.Erich Adickes - 1897 - Kant-Studien 1 (1-3):161-196.
  3. Book Review of "The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-Century Science" by M. Friedman and A. Nordmann. [REVIEW]Valia Allori - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):pp. 478-479.
    Book review of "The Kantian legacy in the Nineteenth -Century Science,'' M. Friedman, and A. Nordmann.
  4. The Underlying Structure of Kant’s "Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Naturwissenschaft".Juan Ramón Alvarez - 1989 - Proceedings of the Sixth International Kant Congress 2 (2):49-64.
  5. Kant on Science and Common Knowledge.Karl Ameriks - 2001 - In Eric Watkins (ed.), Kant and the Sciences. Oxford University Press. pp. 31--52.
  6. Metaphysics and Methods in Descartes and Kant.Abraham Anderson - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (174).
    This essay is a review of Daniel Garber's "Descartes' Metaphysical Physics" (Chicago U P 1992) and Michael Friedman's "Kant and the Exact Sciences" (Harvard U P 1992). Garber's study of Descartes is scrupulous but his historicist assumptions result in a failure to grasp Descartes' originality or the unity and power of his thought. Friedman, by taking Kant's conception of science seriously, sheds great light on Kant's thought generally and implicitly raises important philosophical problems for the present day.
  7. Kant, Natural Kind Terms, and Scientific Essentialism.Erik Anderson - 1994 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 11 (4):355 - 373.
  8. Aquinas and Kant the Foundations of the Modern Sciences.Gavin W. R. Ardley - 1950 - Longmans, Green.
  9. Die Duhem-Quine-These unter dem Geltungsaspekt der erkenntnistheoretischen Fragestellung Kants.Nikolaos Avgelis - 1991 - Kant-Studien 82 (3):285-302.
  10. A Kantian Definition of Degree of Rationality.Sidney Axinn - 1959 - Kant-Studien 51 (1-4):27-33.
  11. Contemporary Kantian Metaphysics: New Essays on Time and Space.Roxana Baiasu, Graham Bird & A. W. Moore (eds.) - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
  12. A Kantian Interpretation of the Special Theory of Relativity.Edward G. Ballard - 1960 - Kant-Studien 52 (1-4):401-410.
  13. Kant's Theory of Science.Johannes Balthasar - 1979 - Philosophy and History 12 (2):137-138.
  14. Dynamics and the Reality of Force in Leibniz and Kant.Gary Banham - manuscript
  15. Kant's Transcendental Philosophy of Nature.Gary Banham - manuscript
  16. Kantian Realism and Scientific Essentialism.Gary Banham - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (4):775 – 784.
    Full-text of this article is not available in this e-prints service. This article was originally published following peer-review in British Journal for the History of Philosophy, published by and copyright Routledge.
  17. Kant, Herbart and Riemann.Erik C. Banks - 2005 - Kant-Studien 96 (2):208-234.
    A look at the dynamical concept of space and space-generating processes to be found in Kant, J.F. Herbart and the mathematician Bernhard Riemann's philosophical writings.
  18. Kant and the Conventionality of Simultaneity.Adrian Bardon - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (5):845-856.
    Kant’s three Analogies of Experience, in his Critique of Pure Reason, represent a highly condensed attempt to establish the metaphysical foundations of Newtonian physics. His strategy is to show that the organization of experience in terms of a world of enduring substances undergoing mutual causal interaction is a necessary condition of the temporal ordering even of one’s own subjective states, and thus of coherent experience itself. In his Third Analogy—an examination of the necessary conditions of judgments of simultaneous existence—he argues (...)
  19. Über den Begriff des Naturgesetzes.Bruno Bauch - 1914 - Kant-Studien 19 (1-3):303-337.
  20. Immanuel Kant und sein Verhältnis zur Naturwissenschaft.Bruno Bauch - 1912 - Kant-Studien 17 (1-3):9-27.
  21. Kant on the Uniformity of Nature.Lewis White Beck - 1981 - Synthese 47 (3):449 - 464.
  22. B. K. Milmed's "Kant and Current Philosophical Issues". [REVIEW]Lewis White Beck - 1962 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 22 (3):426.
  23. Galilei und die astronomie seiner zeit.Friedrich Becker - 1964 - Kant-Studien 55 (1-4):129-142.
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