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Summary Immanuel Kant's theoretical philosophy constitutes a philosophical system, a theory about the conditions for objective knowledge. Kant's approach to theoretical philosophy, in his pre-Critical and Critical works, is influenced heavily by his engagement with science, with mathematics, and with logic. Kant's views on these subjects have been widely influential, though they have been criticized widely as well. Appreciation of Kant's work in science, mathematics, and logic is philosophically productive at least two ways: (1) A contextual history of Kant's own work, emphasizing his responses to his predecessors and contemporaries, and (2) A systematic understanding of how the Kantian approach has been employed in these fields.
Key works One locus classicus for Kant's epistemological positions on reason, mathematics,  judgment, and objectivity is The Critique of Pure Reason. A recent translation and edition of Kant's work on science, including the Universal Natural History, can be found in Natural Science. Among the most significant of Kant's texts for his philosophy of science specifically are The Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science and Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics. This category also encompasses elements of Kant's theory of judgment, key texts for which include The Critique of Judgment and Lectures on Logic.
Introductions A general introduction to Kant's philosophy of science, with references to other texts, is found at Watkins & Stan 2014. A similar article for Kant's theory of judgment is Hanna 2008.
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  1. Review of Huaping Lu-Adler, Kant and the Science of Logic. [REVIEW]Colin McQuillan - 2019 - Review of Metaphysics 73:375-378.
  2. Huaping Lu-Adler, Kant and the Science of Logic: A Historical and Philosophical Reconstruction Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018 Pp. 272 ISBN 9780190907136 £47.99. [REVIEW]Hyoung Sung Kim - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (4):663-668.
  3. Thomas C. Vinci: Space, Geometry, and Kant’s Transcendental Deduction of the Categories. New York 2015. 264 Seiten. ISBN 978-0-19-938116-6.Space, Geometry, and Kant’s Transcendental Deduction of the Categories. [REVIEW]P. D. Arno Schubbach - 2019 - Kant-Studien 110 (1):166-171.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 110 Heft: 1 Seiten: 166-171.
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  4. Kant, Race, and Natural History.Stella Sandford - 2018 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 44 (9):950-977.
    This article presents a new argument concerning the relation between Kant’s theory of race and aspects of the critical philosophy. It argues that Kant’s treatment of the problem of the systematic unity of nature and knowledge in the Critique of Pure Reason and the Critique of the Power of Judgment can be traced back a methodological problem in the natural history of the period – that of the possibility of a natural system of nature. Kant’s transformation of the methodological problem (...)
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  5. Descartes’s Legacy in Kant’s Notions of Physical Influx and Space-Filling: True Estimation and Physical Monadology.Cinzia Ferrini - 2018 - Kant-Studien 109 (1):9-46.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 109 Heft: 1 Seiten: 9-46.
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  6. What is This Thing Called ‘Scientific Knowledge’? – Kant on Imaginary Standpoints And the Regulative Role of Reason.Michela Massimi - 2017 - Kant Yearbook 9 (1):63-84.
  7. Kant’s Rejection of Leibniz’s Principle and the Individuality of Quantum Objects.Cord Friebe - 2017 - Kant Yearbook 9 (1):1-18.
  8. Kant on the Analytic-Synthetic or Mechanistic Model of Causal Explanation.Ido Geiger - 2017 - Kant Yearbook 9 (1):19-42.
  9. Kant’s Epigenesis: Specificity and Developmental Constraints.Boris Demarest - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 39 (1):3.
    In this paper, I argue that Kant adopted, throughout his career, a position that is much more akin to classical accounts of epigenesis, although he does reject the more radical forms of epigenesis proposed in his own time, and does make use of preformationist sounding terms. I argue that this is because Kant thinks of what is pre-formed as a species, not an individual or a part of an individual; has no qualm with the idea of a specific, teleological principle (...)
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  10. Kant’s Theory of Biology. Ed. By Ina Goy and Eric Watkins. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter, 2014. 321 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-11-022578-5. [REVIEW]Veit-Justus Rollmann - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (1):171-172.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 1 Seiten: 171-172.
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  11. Die Entwickelung des Causalproblems in der Philosophie Seit Kant. [REVIEW]Edmund Koenig - 1891 - Ancient Philosophy (Misc) 2:457.
  12. Kroner, Zweck Und Gesetz in der Biologie. [REVIEW]Bruno Bauch - 1913 - Kant-Studien 18:527.
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  13. K. O. Schmidt, Mehr Macht über Leib und Leben. Von Immanuel Kant und Emil Coué zur modernen Psycho-Dynamik. [REVIEW]R. Malter - 1972 - Kant-Studien 63 (4):513.
  14. Kant's Notion of Intuition: In Response to Hintikka.J. Mitscherling - 1981 - Kant-Studien 72 (2):186.
  15. König, E., Kant und die Naturwissenschaft. [REVIEW]W. Reinecke - 1909 - Kant-Studien 14:110.
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  16. Einstein und der Kritizismus.Kurt Sternberg - 1925 - Kant-Studien 30:598.
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  17. A Discussion of Melnick's Argument From Time Magnitude.J. C. Anderson Lubbock - 1977 - Kant-Studien 68 (3):349.
  18. Kant und die beschreibenden Naturwissenschaften. Zur epistemologischen und wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen Kant-Interpretation von S. Marcucci.K. Düsing - 1984 - Kant-Studien 75 (3):340.
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  19. F. Duque , Immanuel Kant: Transición de los Principios Metafísicos de la Ciencia Natural a la física. [REVIEW]H. Widmer - 1984 - Kant-Studien 75 (3):350.
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  20. Das Vermächtnis der Kantischen Lehre vom Raum und von der Zeit.Heinrich Scholz - 1924 - Kant-Studien 29:21.
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  21. Kant als Naturwissenschaftler.Erich Adickes - 1924 - Kant-Studien 29:70.
  22. R. Heinrich, Kants Erfahrungsraum. [REVIEW]W. Sauer - 1989 - Kant-Studien 80 (3):357.
  23. Zum Problem der geometrischen Methode.G. Korth - 1958 - Kant-Studien 50:461.
  24. Über den Unterschied der Gegenden im Raume.H. Lange - 1958 - Kant-Studien 50:479.
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  25. Kant, Allgemeine Naturgeschichte und Theorie des Himmels, ed. F. Krafft. [REVIEW]M. Kleinschnieder - 1972 - Kant-Studien 63 (2):282.
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  26. Schneider, Ilse, Das Raum-Zeit-Problem bei Kant und Einstein. [REVIEW]Josef Winternitz - 1921 - Kant-Studien 26:198.
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  27. Menzer, Paul, Kants Lehre von der Entwickelung in Natur Und Geschichte. [REVIEW] E. Von Aster - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16:448.
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  28. D. Waidhas, Kants System der Natur. [REVIEW]V. Mudroch - 1988 - Kant-Studien 79 (3):363.
  29. The Second Analogy and Levels of Argument. Some Reflections Inspired by Mr. Gerhard Buchdahl.J. A. Brunton - 1971 - Kant-Studien 62 (3):378.
  30. C. Debru, Analyse Et Représentation: De la Méthodologie À la Théorie de L'Espace: Kant Et Lambert. [REVIEW]H. W. Arndt - 1982 - Kant-Studien 73 (4):476.
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  31. M. Wartenberg, Kants Theorie der Causalität mit bes. Berücksichtigung der Grundprinzipien seiner Theorie der Erfahrung. [REVIEW] E. Katzer - 1902 - Kant-Studien 7:126.
  32. A. Höfler, I. Kant, Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Naturwissenschaft. Neu herausgegeben mit einem Nachwort: Studien zur gegenwärtigen Philosophie der Mechanik. [REVIEW] E. König - 1902 - Kant-Studien 7:454.
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  33. G. Martin, Arithmetik und Kombinatorik bei Kant. [REVIEW] E. Niebel - 1978 - Kant-Studien 69 (1):113.
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  34. Order Through Reason. Kant's Transcendental Justification of Science.Th E. Wartenberg - 1979 - Kant-Studien 70 (4):409.
  35. P. Sachta, Die Theorie der Kausalität in Kants "Kritik der Reinen Vernunft". [REVIEW]W. Steinbeck - 1977 - Kant-Studien 68 (4):499.
  36. H. Hoppe, Kants Theorie der Physik. [REVIEW]A. Häussling - 1970 - Kant-Studien 61 (2):271.
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  37. G. Martin, Immanuel Kant. Ontologie und Wissenschaftstheorie, 4. Auflage. [REVIEW]L. W. Beck - 1970 - Kant-Studien 61 (2):273.
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  38. Th. Winkels, Kants Forderung Nach Konstitution Einer Erziehungswissenschaft. [REVIEW]W. Steinbeck - 1985 - Kant-Studien 76 (2):223.
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  39. J. Arana Cañedo-Argüelles, Ciencia y Metafísica En El Kant Precrítico. [REVIEW]M. Caimi - 1985 - Kant-Studien 76 (2):219.
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  40. Wigersma, Ir. B., De Vrijheid van de Natuur en de Onvrijheid van de Natuurwetenschap. [REVIEW]Johannes Schöler - 1933 - Kant-Studien 38:264.
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  41. J. A. May, Kant's Concept of Geography. [REVIEW]A. Lichtigfeld - 1974 - Kant-Studien 65 (3):346.
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  42. Four Recent Interpretations of Kant's Second Analogy.J. V. Cleve - 1973 - Kant-Studien 64 (1):71.
  43. L. Schäfer, Kants Metaphysik der Natur. [REVIEW]W. Steinbeck - 1968 - Kant-Studien 59 (4):517.
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  44. Dell' opera postuma di E. Kant sul passaggio dalla Metafisica della Natura alla Fisica. I.Felice Tocco - 1898 - Kant-Studien 2:69.
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  45. G. Buchdahl, Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science. The Classical Origins, Descartes to Kant.J. Kopper - 1971 - Kant-Studien 62 (1):126.
  46. G. Martin, Arithmetic and Combinatorics: Kant and his Contemporaries, tr. J. Wubnig. [REVIEW]A. Broadie - 1989 - Kant-Studien 80 (1):122.
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  47. S. Takeda, Kant und das Problem der Analogie. [REVIEW]M. Kleinschnieder - 1971 - Kant-Studien 62 (2):253.
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  48. Ewing, A. C., Kant's Treatment of Causality. [REVIEW]Rudolf Metz - 1930 - Kant-Studien 35:332.
  49. K. Gloy, Die Kantische Theorie der Naturwissenschaft. [REVIEW]H. Hoppe - 1980 - Kant-Studien 71 (3):373.
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  50. Wie sind analytische Sätze a priori möglich? , Die analytischen Sätze und die Grundlagen der Wissenschaft).D. J. Schulz - 1967 - Kant-Studien 58 (4):499.
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