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  1. added 2020-04-03
    Kant, Epistemic Phenomenalism, and the Refutation of Idealism.Michael Oberst - 2018 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 100 (2):172-201.
    This paper takes issue with the widespread view that Kant rejects epistemic phenomenalism. According to epistemic phenomenalism, only cognition of states of one’s own mind can be certain, while cognition of outer objects is necessarily uncertain. I argue that Kant does not reject this view, but accepts a modified version of it. For, in contrast to traditional skeptics, he distinguishes between two kinds of outer objects and holds that we have direct access to outer appearances in our mind; but he (...)
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  2. added 2019-06-25
    Can't Kant Cognize His Empirical Self? Or, a Problem for (Almost) Every Interpretation of the Refutation of Idealism.Andrew Chignell - 2017 - In Anil Gomes & Andrew Stephenson (eds.), Kant and the Philosophy of Mind: Perception, Reason, and the Self. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 138-158.
    Kant seems to think of our own mental states or representations as the primary objects of inner sense. But does he think that these states also inhere in something? And, if so, is that something an empirical substance that is also cognized in inner sense? This chapter provides textual and philosophical grounds for thinking that, although Kant may agree with Hume that the self is not ‘given’ in inner sense exactly, he does think of the self as cognized through inner (...)
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  3. added 2019-06-06
    Knowledge, Reason and Taste: Kant's Response to Hume.Andy Hamilton - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):737-739.
  4. added 2019-06-06
    Kant and the Scandal of Philosophy.Katie Harrington - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (1):168-171.
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  5. added 2019-06-06
    Review Essay: Paul Guyer's, Knowledge, Reason, and Taste: Kant's Response to Hume. [REVIEW]Corey W. Dyck - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (5):613-619.
  6. added 2019-06-06
    Inner Sense, Body Sense, and Kant's “Refutation of Idealism”.Quassim Cassam - 1993 - European Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):111-127.
  7. added 2019-06-06
    Sense, Reason and Causality in Hume and Kant.A. T. Nuyen - 1990 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 81 (1):57.
    It is argued that Hume has two notions of causation, one psychological and the other philosophical. Kant's criticism of Hume overlooks the fact that Hume's scepticism is directed only at the latter. At the psychological level, Hume could have accepted Kant's argument without abandoning his own account of causation. The real difference between Hume and Kant is that Hume is not and Kant is concerned with the conditions for the possibility of sense experience. Hume is concerned only with the philosophical (...)
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  8. added 2019-06-06
    Kant and the Problem of Other Minds.Carol A. Van Kirk - 1986 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 77 (1):41.
  9. added 2019-06-06
    A Defense of Kant’s Refutation of Descartes.Edward S. Shirley - 1985 - Philosophical Topics 13 (2):185-193.
  10. added 2019-06-06
    Kant’s Two Refutations of Idealism.James D. Stuart - 1975 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):29-46.
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    Kant’s Refutation Still Not Convincing: A Reply.Charles Hartshorne - 1968 - The Monist 52 (2):312-316.
    Mr. William Baumer, in his “Ontological Arguments Still Fail,” gives an acceptable account of Kant’s complicated reasoning about the ontological proof. I have been aware of these complications, including Kant’s own precritical ontological proof, for a good while, and in Anselm’s Discovery I deal with them at some length. I still do not see that Kant at any time stated the equivalent of Anselm’s stronger proof, or refuted it. Moreover, if I have oversimplified and weakened Kant’s case, the gap between (...)
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  12. added 2018-12-14
    La refutación del idealismo en Kant.Stéfano Straulino - 2011 - Pamplona: Cuadernos de Anuario Filosófico.
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  13. added 2018-12-03
    Kant’s (Non-Question-Begging) Refutation of Cartesian Scepticism.Colin Marshall - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (1):77-101.
    Interpreters of Kant’s Refutation of Idealism face a dilemma: it seems to either beg the question against the Cartesian sceptic or else offer a disappointingly Berkeleyan conclusion. In this article I offer an interpretation of the Refutation on which it does not beg the question against the Cartesian sceptic. After defending a principle about question-begging, I identify four premises concerning our representations that there are textual reasons to think Kant might be implicitly assuming. Using those assumptions, I offer a reconstruction (...)
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  14. added 2018-07-11
    Scepticism and the Development of the Transcendental Dialectic.Brian A. Chance - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (2):311-331.
    Kant's response to scepticism in the Critique of Pure Reason is complex and remarkably nuanced, although it is rarely recognized as such. In this paper, I argue that recent attempts to flesh out the details of this response by Paul Guyer and Michael Forster do not go far enough. Although they are right to draw a distinction between Humean and Pyrrhonian scepticism and locate Kant's response to the latter in the Transcendental Dialectic, their accounts fail to capture two important aspects (...)
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  15. added 2018-05-02
    The Metaphysical Deduction and the Shadow of Humean Skepticism.Markus Kohl - 2018 - Kant-Studien 109 (3):367-394.
    I examine the division of labor between the Metaphysical Deduction (MD) and the Transcendental Deduction (TD). Against a common reading, I argue that the MD is insufficient to prove the a priori origin of the categories. For both Kant and his main opponent, namely Hume, the question of whether the categories have an a priori origin in the pure understanding is inseparable from the question of whether they have objective validity. Since the MD does not establish the objective validity of (...)
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  16. added 2018-02-17
    Kant and Skepticism.Michael N. Forster (ed.) - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    This book puts forward a much-needed reappraisal of Immanuel Kant's conception of and response to skepticism, as set forth principally in the Critique of Pure Reason. It is widely recognized that Kant's theoretical philosophy aims to answer skepticism and reform metaphysics--Michael Forster makes the controversial argument that those aims are closely linked. He distinguishes among three types of skepticism: "veil of perception" skepticism, which concerns the external world; Humean skepticism, which concerns the existence of a priori concepts and synthetic a (...)
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  17. added 2017-11-25
    A World Without a Past: New Challenges to Kant's Refutation of Idealism.Justin Remhof - 2018 - Southwest Philosophy Review 34 (1):171-180.
    In the Refutation of Idealism, Kant aims to defeat the Cartesian radical skeptical hypothesis that empirical reality might not exist and we cannot have knowledge of it. Kant intends to demonstrate that conscious experience presupposes direct experience of empirical reality. This paper presents new challenges to the conclusions Kant reaches in the Refutation. Kant’s argument turns on the claim that the past must exist, and my challenges concern the possibility that there is no past.
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  18. added 2017-10-12
    The Relation Between Ontology and Logic in Kant.Clinton Tolley - 2016 - Internationales Jahrbuch des Deutschen Idealismus 12:75-98.
  19. added 2016-10-18
    Seeing a Flower in the Garden: Common Sense, Transcendental Idealism.Scott Stapleford - 2017 - In Elizabeth Robinson & Chris Surprenant (eds.), Kant and The Scottish Enlightenment. New York: Routledge. pp. 326–341.
    Stapleford (2007) identified Johann Nicolaus Tetens as the missing link between Reid’s common sense treatment of external world scepticism and Kant’s transcendental Refutation of Idealism. While that account is arguably correct, it failed to recognize the distinction between being justified in believing P and being justified in believing that my belief in P is justified. This paper corrects the oversight and explains its implications. Tetens emerges as a weak externalist regarding knowledge of external objects, situated roughly halfway between Reid’s moderate (...)
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  20. added 2016-07-04
    Intuition and Presence.Colin McLear - 2017 - In Andrew Stephenson & Anil Gomes (eds.), Kant and the Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 86-103.
    In this paper I explicate the notion of “presence” [Gegenwart] as it pertains to intuition. Specifically, I examine two central problems for the position that an empirical intuition is an immediate relation to an existing particular in one’s environment. The first stems from Kant’s description of the faculty of imagination, while the second stems from Kant’s discussion of hallucination. I shall suggest that Kant’s writings indicate at least one possible means of reconciling our two problems with a conception of “presence” (...)
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  21. added 2016-05-03
    Kant and McDowell on Skepticism and Disjunctivism.Tsung-Hsing Ho - 2013 - In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltburgerlicher Absicht: Akten Des XI. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 761-770.
    This paper is to propose a new form of Kant’s anti-skepticism argument in light of John McDowell’s works on disjunctivism. I first discuss recent debates between McDowell and Crispin Wright on disjunctivism. I argue that Wright wrongly downplays McDowell’s disjunctivism, whose metaphysical claim that our perceptual faculties directly engage in the world has an epistemological implication that should be able to dismiss the skeptic’s imagery as fictitious. However, McDowell does not clearly offer such an argument. I will show that we (...)
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  22. added 2016-02-28
    Skeptizismus Und Philosophie: Kant, Fichte, Hegel.Elena Ficara (ed.) - 2012 - Editions Rodopi.
    Content: Elena Ficara: Einleitung Marco Ivaldo: Skeptizismus bei Fichte mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rolle des Zweifels in der »Bestimmung des Menschen« Angelica Nuzzo: A Question of Method: Transcendental Philosophy, Dialectic, and the Problem of Determination Rainer Schäfer: Kombinationen von Fundamentalismus, Kohärentismus und Skepsis bei Kant, Fichte und Hegel als Antworten auf Probleme gegenwärtiger Epistemologie Elena Ficara: Skeptizismus und die Begründung der Philosophie bei Kant und Hegel Lidia Gasperoni: Maimon und der Skeptizismus Jürgen Stahl: Skeptizismus und Kritik – zur Wandlung der (...)
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  23. added 2015-09-07
    La filosofía trascendental de Kant y el argumento de la ilusión.Santiago Echeverri - 2004 - Pensamiento 60 (227):247-277.
  24. added 2015-08-25
    Kant’s Transcendental Idealism and His Transcendental Deduction.Justin B. Shaddock - 2015 - Kantian Review 20 (2):265-288.
    I argue for a novel, non-subjectivist interpretation of Kant’s transcendental idealism. Kant’s idealism is often interpreted as specifying how we must experience objects or how objects must appear to us. I argue to the contrary by appealing to Kant’s Transcendental Deduction. Kant’s Deduction is the proof that the categories are not merely subjectively necessary conditions we need for our cognition, but objectively valid conditions necessary for objects to be appearances. My interpretation centres on two claims. First, Kant’s method of self-knowledge (...)
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  25. added 2015-08-09
    CHAPTER 1: Common Sense and the Varieties of Skepticism.Paul Guyer - 2009 - In Knowledge, Reason, and Taste: Kant's Response to Hume. Princeton University Press. pp. 23-70.
  26. added 2015-08-06
    Skepticism After Kant.Paul Franks - 2014 - In Andrea Kern & James Conant (eds.), Varieties of Skepticism: Essays After Kant, Wittgenstein, and Cavell. De Gruyter. pp. 17-58.
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  27. added 2015-08-06
    Kant on Nativism, Scepticism and Necessity.John Callanan - 2013 - Kantian Review 18 (1):1-27.
    Kant criticizes the so-called ‘preformation’ hypothesis – a nativist account of the origin of the categories – at the end of the B-Deduction on the ground that it entails scepticism. I examine the historical context of Kant's criticism, and identify the targets as both Crusius and Leibniz. There are two claims argued for in this paper: first, that attending to the context of the opposition to certain forms of nativism affords a way of understanding Kant's commitment to the so-called ‘discursivity (...)
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  28. added 2014-07-09
    Idealismo E Refutação Do Idealismo Na Filosofia Crítica de Kant.Pedro Costa Rego - 2013 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 54 (127):63-87.
    O presente trabalho versa sobre o tema, central no projeto filosófico de Kant, da refutação do idealismo, concentrando-se em dois momentos da Crítica da Razão Pura (CRP): a Dedução Transcendental e a Refutação do Idealismo. Adoto duas hipóteses interpretativas: a primeira, de que a seção da CRP intitulada "Refutação do Idealismo" não esgota o projeto kantiano de uma refutação do idealismo, mas lhe fornece o acabamento, apresentando-se como um desenvolvimento de argumentos aduzidos na Dedução Transcendental. A segunda, de que a (...)
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  29. added 2014-07-07
    Skepticism and Kant's B Deduction.Edwin McCann - 1985 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 2 (1):71-89.
  30. added 2014-06-21
    The Failure of the B-Deduction.Paul Guyer - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (S1):67-84.
  31. added 2014-06-17
    Incommensurability, Relativism, Scepticism: Reflections on Acquiring a Concept.Nathaniel Goldberg & Matthew Rellihan - 2008 - Ratio 21 (2):147–167.
    Some opponents of the incommensurability thesis, such as Davidson and Rorty, have argued that the very idea of incommensurability is incoherent and that the existence of alternative and incommensurable conceptual schemes is a conceptual impossibility. If true, this refutes Kuhnian relativism and Kantian scepticism in one fell swoop. For Kuhnian relativism depends on the possibility of alternative, humanly accessible conceptual schemes that are incommensurable with one another, and the Kantian notion of a realm of unknowable things-in-themselves gives rise to the (...)
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  32. added 2014-06-14
    Transcendental Arguments, Reason, and Skepticism: Contemporary Debates and the Origins of Post-Kantianism.Paul Franks - 1999 - In Robert Stern (ed.), Transcendental Arguments: Problems and Prospects. Oxford University Press. pp. 111--145.
  33. added 2014-06-12
    The Transcendental Deduction and Skepticism.Stephen Engstrom - 1994 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 32 (3):359-380.
    The common assumption that the Transcendental Deduction aims to refute scepticism often leads interpreters to conclude that it fails and even that Kant is confused about what it is supposed to achieve. By examining what Kant himself says concerning the Deductions' relation to scepticism, this article seeks to determine what sort of scepticism he has in view and how he responds to it. It concludes that the Deduction aims neither to refute Cartesian, outer- world scepticism nor to refute Humean, empiricist (...)
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  34. added 2014-06-10
    Varieties of Skepticism: Essays After Kant, Wittgenstein, and Cavell.James Conant & Andrea Kern (eds.) - 2014 - De Gruyter.
  35. added 2014-06-10
    Causal Refutations of Idealism.Andrew Chignell - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (240):487-507.
    In the ‘Refutation of Idealism’ chapter of the first Critique, Kant argues that the conditions required for having certain kinds of mental episodes are sufficient to guarantee that there are ‘objects in space’ outside us. A perennially influential way of reading this compressed argument is as a kind of causal inference: in order for us to make justified judgements about the order of our inner states, those states must be caused by the successive states of objects in space outside us. (...)
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  36. added 2014-06-09
    Causal Refutations of Idealism Revisited.Andrew Chignell - 2011 - Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242):184-186.
    Causal refutations of external-world scepticism start from our ability to make justified judgements about the order of our own experiences, and end with the claim that there must be perceptible external objects, some of whose states can be causally correlated with that order. In a recent paper, I made a series of objections to this broadly Kantian anti-sceptical strategy. Georges Dicker has provided substantive replies on behalf of a version of the causal refutation of idealism. Here I offer a few (...)
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  37. added 2014-06-09
    Review: Forster, Michael N., Kant and Skepticism[REVIEW]Anthony Brueckner - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (7).
  38. added 2014-04-02
    Kant and the Discipline of Reason.Brian A. Chance - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):87-110.
    Kant's notion of ‘discipline’ has received considerable attention from scholars of his philosophy of education, but its role in his theoretical philosophy has been largely ignored. This omission is surprising since his discussion of discipline in the first Critique is not only more extensive and expansive in scope than his other discussions but also predates them. The goal of this essay is to provide a comprehensive reading of the Discipline that emphasizes its systematic importance in the first Critique. I argue (...)
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  39. added 2014-04-02
    Reid, Tetens, and Kant on the External World.Scott Stapleford - 2007 - Idealistic Studies 37 (2):87-104.
    Building on the research of Manfred Kuehn, the author argues that, whatever influence the Scottish Common Sense Philosophy of Thomas Reid may have had on the development of Immanuel Kant’s refutation of idealism, it was filtered through the thinking of Kant’s largely forgotten German contemporary, Johann Nicolaus Tetens. While the importance of Tetens for understanding Kant is examined in connection with only one idea, the aim is to demonstrate that Tetens is a figure worthy of serious historical consideration.
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  40. added 2014-03-28
    The Refutation of Idealism and the Distinction Between Phenomena and Noumena.Dina Edmundts - 2010 - In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Cambridge University Press.
  41. added 2014-03-28
    Kant’s Private-Clock Argument.Michael Hymers - 1997 - Kant-Studien 88 (4):442-461.
    Examining the effectiveness of the Kant’s Refutation of Idealism as a critique of a Cartesian account of consciousness, I argue that Kant's reasoning turns on the insight that self-knowledge presupposes independent temporal determination of the self. This insight bears an intriguing resemblance to claims about meaning and justification that appear in Wittgenstein's later work. Much as Wittgenstein rules out the possibility of a private language, whose meanings derive from acts of inner ostensive definition, on the ground that language requires an (...)
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  42. added 2014-03-27
    On the Practical Foundation of Kant’s Response to Epistemic Skepticism.Abraham Anderson - 1998 - Kant-Studien 89 (2):145-166.
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  43. added 2014-03-27
    Revisiting Kant's Epistemology: Skepticism, Apriority, and Psychologism.Patricia Kitcher - 1995 - Noûs 29 (3):285-315.
  44. added 2014-03-23
    Kant on Common Sense and Scepticism.Paul Guyer - 2003 - Kantian Review 7:1-37.
    Is the refutation of scepticism a central objective for Kant? Some commentators have denied that the refutation of either theoretical or moral scepticism was central to Kant's concerns. Thus, in his recent book Kant and the Fate of Autonomy, Karl Ameriks rejects 'taking Kant to be basically a respondent to the skeptic'. According to Ameriks, who here has Kant's theoretical philosophy in mind,What Kant goes on to propose is that, instead of focusing on trying to establish with certainty – against (...)
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  45. added 2014-03-23
    Hume's Answer to Kant.Lorne Falkenstein - 1998 - Noûs 32 (3):331-360.
  46. added 2014-03-21
    Epistemic Reflection and Cognitive Reference in Kant's Transcendental Response to Skepticism.Kenneth R. Westphal - 2003 - Kant-Studien 94 (2):135-171.
    Kant’s ‘Refutation of Idealism’ plainly has an anti-Cartesian conclusion: ‘inner experience in general is only possible through outer experience in general’ (B278). Due to wide-spread preoccupation with Cartesian skepticism, and to the anti-naturalism of early analytic philosophy, most of Kant’s recent commentators have sought to find a purely conceptual, ‘analytic’ argument in Kant’s Refutation of Idealism – and then have dismissed Kant when no such plausible argument can be reconstructed from his text. Kant’s argument supposedly cannot eliminate all relevant alternatives, (...)
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  47. added 2014-03-20
    Dugald Stewart on Reid, Kant and the Refutation of Idealism.Jonathan Friday - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (2):263 – 286.
  48. added 2014-03-17
    Kants Realismus Und der Aussenweltskeptizismus.Vanderlei de Oliveira Farias - 2006 - G. Olms.
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  49. added 2014-03-10
    Review: Forster, Kant and Skepticism. [REVIEW]Craig French - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (2):334-335.
  50. added 2014-03-10
    Kant and the Scandal of Philosophy. [REVIEW]Anthony K. Jensen - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (2):pp. 317-318.
    Luigi Caranti presents his readers three carefully articulated arguments in this estimable book. The first is that Kant's career-long engagement with Cartesian skepticism culminates in the first Critique's A-edition version of the Fourth Paralogism, rather than in the later Refutation of Idealism, as is more traditionally thought. The second argues that scholars must take Kant seriously when he asserts that transcendental idealism is the only possible refutation of skepticism, since it denies the possibility of the skeptical doubt arising in the (...)
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