About this topic
Summary What unites Kant’s social, political, and religious philosophies is the role autonomy plays in each of them. A foundational claim of Kant’s political philosophy is that the state’s role is to allow its citizens as much external freedom as possible (freedom from constraint) while not attempting to improve their virtue (their inner freedom, or ability to resist their own sensible desires). Similarly, a central goal of Kant’s philosophy of religion is to delineate what a proper church would be and to explain why we need it. The ideal church is one where confessions of belief (e.g., in particular miracle claims) are not required, but the attempt to live one’s life in conformity with the moral law is. We must strive to build such a church because we each begin our lives radically evil (disposed to subordinate our moral obligations to our own happiness); and, while we can each free ourselves from its thrall, we risk falling back into radical evil so long as there are others in hock to it. Consequently, we are called to build a church organized around combating our innate radical evil in order to go some way to bringing about the highest good (a state where there are perfectly virtuous people who are happy in proportion to their virtue). In other words, the Kantian state allows for outer freedom while the Kantian church focuses on enhancing our inner freedom. Kant’s social philosophy (which includes his philosophy of education) links together his political and religious philosophies: we are to encourage those ways of thinking and behaving that will conduce to the realization of the ideal church and state, and discourage those that oppose their establishment.
Key works Kant's key works in political philosophy are "An Answer to the Question: What Is Enlightenment?", the second section of "On the Common Saying: That May Be Correct in Theory, but It Is of No Use in Practice", "Toward Perpetual Peace", and The Doctrine of Right (the first part of The Metaphysics of Morals) (all of these works can be found in Practical Philosophy). Kant's key works in the philosophy of religion are "The Only Possible Argument in Support of a Demonstration of the Existence of God" (which can be found in Theoretical Philosophy, 1755-1770), and "On the Miscarriage of All Philosophical Trials in Theodicy", Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, and The Conflict of the Faculties (which can all be found in Religion and Rational Theology). Kant does not have any works dedicated to social philosophy per se, but one can find his social philosophy in parts of Lectures on Pedagogy, The Doctrine of Virtue (the second part of The Metaphysics of Morals), and Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View.
Introductions For introductions to Kant's political philosophy, see Ripstein 2009, Byrd & Hruschka 2010, and Kleingeld 2012. Overviews of Kant's religious thought include Wood 1970, Wood 1978, Michalson 1990, DiCenso 2012, and Pasternack 2014. A nice introduction of Kant's ethical theory that covers much of his social philosophy is Wood 1999.
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  1. On the Philosophy of Kant.Robert Adamson - 1854 - Routledge/Thoemmes Press.
    There has recently been a considerable amount of research into the influence of 18th century British philosophy--particularly into the thinking of David Hume on Continental philosophy and Kant. The aim of this collection is to provide some of the key texts which illustrate the impact of Kant's thought together with two important 20th century monographs on aspects of Kant's early reception and his influence on philosophical thought. Contents: Immanuel Kant in England 1793-1838 [1931] Rene Wellek 328 pp The Early Reception (...)
  2. La Topographie Chretienne de Cosmas Indicopleustes. Theologie Et Science au VIe siecleWanda Wolska.Paul J. Alexander - 1964 - Isis 55 (1):115-117.
  3. Reflections on the Banality of (Radical) Evil.Henry E. Allison - 1995 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 18 (2):141-158.
  4. Sobre o Princípio E a Lei Universal Do Direito Em Kant.Guido Antônio de Almeida - 2006 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 47 (114):209-222.
  5. Die Unbewusste Karte des Gemüts–Immanuel Kants Projekt der Anthropologie.B. Althaus & J. Zirfas - 2005 - In Michael B. Buchholz & Günter Gödde (eds.), Macht Und Dynamik des Unbewussten: Auseinandersetzungen in Philosophie, Medizin Und Psychoanalyse. Psychosozial Verlag. pp. 142--144.
  6. Kant’s Ambivalent Cosmopolitanism.Karl Ameriks - 2013 - In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 55-72.
  7. Ideal Und Singularität Über Die Funktion des Gottesbegriffes in Kants Theoretischer Philosophie.Svend Andersen - 1983
  8. Teleology and Radical Evil: An Interpretation of the Concept of Species Character in Kant's Philosophy of History.Sharon Rae Anderson-Gold - 1980 - Dissertation, New School for Social Research
    This dissertation focuses on the relation between Kant's philosophy of history and his ethics. It has been claimed that Kant's writings on history contradict his ethics and have no systematic value for his philosophy. Therefore, Kant's writings on history cannot be taken seriously. This objection can be summarized as follows. Kant's philosophy of history implies a notion of moral progress. Earlier generations stand in a means-ends relation to later generations. This contradicts the concept of the absolute value of the individual (...)
  9. Warum »Indische« Theologie?A. J. Appasamy - 1964 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 6 (3):343-359.
  10. Arthur Ripstein, Force and Freedom: Kant's Legal and Political Philosophy.Richard Arneson - manuscript
    In this excellent book Arthur Ripstein develops a broadly Kantian interpretation of tort law and criminal law that is noteworthy for its spirited defense of core features of Anglo-American law and for its uncompromising dismissal of the so-called law and economics approach to these matters. A final chapter extends the analysis to the topic of distributive justice.
  11. Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie, 122 (1990), P. 444-448.M. Arnold - 1990 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 40:444.
  12. Bulletin de Théologie: Théologie de la Création Sciences Et Théologies.J. Arnould, M. Bellion, R. Bergeret, J. Courcier, J. Fantino, R. Klaine & J. -M. Maldame - 2011 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 95 (4):921-974.
  13. Bulletin de Théologie.J. Arnould, R. Bergeret, J. Courcier, J. Fantino, M. Harada, R. Klaine & J. -M. Maldamé - 2008 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 1:101-144.
  14. Bulletin de Théologie.J. Arnould, R. Bergeret, J. Courcier, J. Fantino, M. Harada, Roger Klaine, J. -M. Maldamé & D. Renouard - 2008 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 1:101.
  15. Bulletin de Théologie.J. Arnould, R. Bergeret, J. Courcier, J. Fantino, M. Harada, Roger Klaine, J. -M. Maldamé & D. Renouard - 2006 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 1:127.
  16. Bulletin de Théologie.J. Arnould, R. Bergeret, J. Courcier, J. Fantino, M. Harada, Roger Klaine, J. -M. Maldamé & D. Renouard - 2003 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 4:715.
  17. Bulletin de Théologie: Théologie de la Création. Sciences Et Théologies.J. Arnould, R. Bergeret, J. Courcier, J. Fantino, R. Klaine, J. -M. Maldame & D. Renouard - 2000 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 84 (1):135-171.
  18. Bulletin de Théologie.J. Arnould, R. Bergeret, J. Courcier, J. Fantino, Roger Klaine & J. -M. Maldamé - 2009 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 4:831.
  19. Bulletin de Théologie. Théologie de la Création.J. Arnould, R. Bergeret, J. Fantino, R. Klaine, J. -M. Maldame & D. Renouard - 1994 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 78 (1):95-124.
  20. Bulletin de Théologie. Théologie de la Création. Sciences Et Théologies.Jacques Arnould, M. Bellion, R. Bergeret, Jacques Courcier, Jacques Fantino, Roger Klaine, Jean-Michel Maldamé & J. -B. Régis - 2013 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 4:513.
  21. Bulletin de Théologie.Jacques Arnould, M. Bellion, R. Bergeret, Jacques Courcier, Jacques Fantino, Roger Klaine, Jean-Michel Maldamé, J. -B. Régis & E. Poirot - 2016 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 100 (1):117.
  22. Ética y religión en el pensamineto de Kant.José María Artola - 2000 - Ciencia Tomista 127 (411):161-172.
  23. Chronique de Théologie Morale.Jean-Marie Aubert - 1981 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 55 (2):108-125.
  24. Chronique de Théologie Morale.Jean-Marie Aubert - 1979 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 53 (1):64-75.
  25. Pour Une Théologie de l''ge Industriel.Jean-Marie Aubert - 1975 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 31 (2):220-220.
  26. Kant on Authority.Sidney Axinn - 1970 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 8 (2-3):157-163.
  27. Kant, Logic, and the Concept of Mankind.Sidney Axinn - 1957 - Ethics 68 (4):286-291.
  28. Cahiers de la Revue de Theologie Et de Philosophie.I. Backus, P. Fraenkel, L. Giard, P. Lardee W. Sparn, M. de Gandillac, J. Jolivet, G. Kiing, A. de Libera, S. Vanni Rovighi & Eric Junod - 1993 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 43:110.
  29. Das »Wort Gottes« in Paul Tillichs Theologie.Claudia Bader - 1969 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 11 (3):219-244.
  30. Kant and Autonomy Conference.Tom Bailey - 2002 - Kant-Studien 93 (4):488-490.
  31. Le Ver, le Démon Et la Vierge: Les Théories Médiévales de la Génération Extraordinaire. Une Étude Sur les Rapports Entre Théologie, Philosophie Naturelle Et médecineMaaike van der Lugt.John W. Baldwin - 2005 - Speculum 80 (4):1377-1379.
  32. Towards Perpetual Peace.Nikunja Vihari Banerjee - 1988 - Motilal Banarsidass.
  33. The Antimonies of Pure Practical Libertine Reason.Gary Banham - 2010 - Angelaki 15 (1):13-27.
    In this article I revisit the relationship between Immanuel Kant and the Marquis De Sade, following not Jacques Lacan but Pierre Klossowski. In the process I suggest that Sade's work is marred by a series of antinomies that prevent him from stating a pure practical libertine reason and leave his view purely theoretical.
  34. Otfried Hoffe, Kant's Cosmopolitan Theory of Law and Peace. [REVIEW]Alexander Barder - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27:270-272.
  35. Otfried Hoffe, Kant's Cosmopolitan Theory of Law and Peace Reviewed By.Alexander D. Barder - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (4):270-272.
  36. WEBB, C. C. J. -Kant's Philosophy of Religion. [REVIEW]H. Barker - 1927 - Mind 36:373.
  37. Self-Direction: Thomasius, Kant, and Herder.F. M. Barnard - 1983 - Political Theory 11 (3):343-368.
  38. Theologie der Säkularisation heute: Post-säkulare Theologie.Hans-Martin Barth - 1997 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 39 (1):27-41.
  39. Le Mystère Chrétien. Théologie Dogmatique.J. D. Bastable - 1964 - Philosophical Studies 13:254-257.
  40. Le Mystère Chrétien. Théologie Dogmatique: 1 - La Foi Et la Théologie. [REVIEW]J. D. Bastable - 1964 - Philosophical Studies 13:254-257.
  41. Kant Über Religion.Hans Michael Baumgartner, François Marty & Friedo Ricken - 1992
  42. Review: Anderson-Gold, Sharon, Unnecessary Evil: History and Moral Progress in the Philosophy of Immanuel Kant[REVIEW]Anne Margaret Baxley - 2004 - Kant-Studien 95 (2):256-256.
  43. Theologie Und Philosophie in Produktivem Konflikt.Oswald Bayer - 1990 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 32 (2):226-236.
  44. Studien Zur Philosophie Immanuel Kants.Lewis W. Beck & Heinz Heimsoeth - 1957 - Philosophical Review 66 (3):405.
  45. Howard Lloyd Williams, Ed., Essays on Kant's Political Philosophy Reviewed By.Donald Becker - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (5):376-378.
  46. Howard Lloyd Williams, Ed., Essays on Kant's Political Philosophy. [REVIEW]Donald Becker - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14:376-378.
  47. Kant's Argument for the Necessity and the Legitimacy of the State.Donald Eric Becker - 1989 - Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania
    This dissertation is an attempt to explicate Kant's argument for the necessity and the legitimacy of the state. Kant's theory of the state seems to be among the least studied aspects of his philosophy, and this alone would be sufficient reason to focus more attention upon it. But, in addition to suffering from inattention, what attention Kant's theory of the state has received has generally been insufficiently appreciative. Actually, Kant provides a rather coherent and cogent general argument for the necessity (...)
  48. Rejoinder: Learning From Work: Can Kant Do?David Beckett & Paul Hager - 2003 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 35 (1):123–127.
  49. Theologie Na de Ondergang -Theology After the Fall.Bob Becking - 1988 - Bijdragen 49 (2):150-174.
  50. Review of Kant and Modern Political Philosophy. [REVIEW]Ludvig Beckman - forthcoming - Theoria.
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